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					     98501065 Sophia Chen
     Professor Michael Cheng
     Writing and Reading (II)
     Pursuasion: Cosmetic Surgery

                                   Against Plastic Surgery
     Cosmetic surgery makes lots of people‟s “everything is possible” really come

true. For those who desire better looking, slimmer body, larger boobs and even higher

height, plastic surgery would be their new „American Dream.‟ They rush to the clinics

consulting the doctors and then being anesthetized. The operation seems not bother

them at all since they take no pain during the procedure. After waking up, they look at

the mirror examining their new designed body as if Cinderella is enchanted with Fairy

godmother‟s witchcraft. Most of the clients take stock in a little „correction‟ in

appearance seemingly does no harm to health. At least, plastic surgery won‟t kill them

right on an operating table, right? Furthermore, they believe that outstanding

appearance beats their peers and competitors, or they „feel‟ superior to their associates.

However, can these beliefs bear medical scrutiny? Can cosmetic surgery relieve you

of physical worry or just postpone it or even causing bodily sickness? How many

risks are undertaken by you yourself without thorough explanation of surgeons? Is it a

free will made by your own? Does plastic surgery open a door for multi-aesthetic

viewpoints? Or does it narrow down our spectrum of aesthetics to the model sample?

Does appearance virtually dominate success? Can better looking prove a better life?

All these questions would be answered in the following paragraphs in order to argue

that plastic surgery should be the last method for improving appearance according to

three reasons. First, plastic surgery is a high risky operation. It does harm to your

health no matter from a short or long term. Second, personality is more important and

dominating than beauty. Third, plastic surgery is a newly-invented technique to
objectify our body and block our avenue to appreciating beauty beyond mainstream.

     Apparently, everyone knows that surgery takes risks, but what they do not know

is „how many.‟ Surgeons tend to frame the hazards of cosmetic surgery into „skin

scars and couples of days rests.‟ What they didn‟t mention is the long-term side

effects and potential disease. In fact, until now scientists and doctors still find no

evidence that plastic surgery does positive effects to health. What‟s worse, plastic

surgery boosts possibility of many diseases (Yang, W. , Yang, P. , & Hou, D.) First,

take the liposuction for instance; many complications begin to show up right after the

operation. For instance, the most common ones are infection and heavy bleeding

(Yang, W. , Yang, P. , & Hou, D.) Infection means that clients‟ wounds would be sore

and inflamed. Heavy bleeding causes anemia. Clients would be dizzy, feeble and pale.

It will be a hardship for clients to recover their previous healthy condition. Second,

let‟s take the aftermath of gastric bypass for examples. The gastric bypass is used for

obese people to lose weight in short time. Abscess is often accompanied after the

surgery. Some of patients will die of severe abscess. According to CBS news, „A

recent study by researchers at the University of Washington found that 1 in 50 people

die within one month of having gastric bypass surgery, and that figure jumps nearly

fivefold if the surgeon is inexperienced.‟ Even if the client gets through gastric bypass,

he/she still has to endure imbalance on nutritional intake. Such imbalance is

permanent all through their life. The perils can be prevented as long as we keep away

from plastic surgery. It is unworthy for our body to endure so many at the sacrifice of

health. For health concern, any surgeries could be taken into consideration; but for

appearance, please put our bodies into thoughtful consideration. After all, we only

have one body.
     After examining the healthy concerns, many people are still willing to take

plastic surgery. They endure all the side effects and complications for one faith:

appearance dominates survival. Most clients deeply believe that a prettier/ younger

body image leads to a brighter future. For them, a physically charming person wins

over right at start line. However, the idea that pretty/handsome looking help you

succeed is totally wrong. Compared to good looking, well-developed personality

always takes advantage in all social activities (張春興.) Psychology has already

proved that „beauty is only skin deep.‟ Appearance may influence people‟s judgment,

but it never „dominates (張春興.)‟ Physical attraction does little and little influence on

interpersonal relationship as people contact each other longer (張春興.) Those put

their hope on cosmetic surgery will only be disappointed because the operation cannot

reform people‟s competence and inner heart. In short, the long-term relationship relies

on charming personality rather than attractive looking. It is dreamy to think plastic

surgery can fix all problems. It is elusive to blame failure for one‟s own looking.

       If cosmetic surgery does no good for heath and competitive advantages, why

still some people insist on it? They say it is for the pursuit of their ideal beauty. To

perfect their body is to fulfill this goal. This goal is totally justified for it is out of their

free wills. However, the truth is that cosmetic surgery objectifies our body and kills

our multi aesthetics. First, this „ideal‟ beauty is only the standard from mass media

and social stereotype. Most model samples cater to the stereotypes such as a

handsome/pretty person should be slim and tall, but we have been taught to appreciate

variety of beauty, fatter and thinner, taller and shorter, younger and older( Monder, B.

R.) Therefore, when they pursue their ideal beauty, they actually discriminate some

types of body figures. They unaware hint that „fat is bad, sagged skins are not graceful,

smaller boobs are undesirable.‟ Second, their so-called free wills have already been
twisted. One‟s decision has been altered by advertisements, stereotypes and even

surgeon‟s advice. People are unconsciously forced to accept these single-standard

aesthetics. They let others to define „what a beautiful woman should look like.‟ They

are restricted by model samples; they only pick up „the items‟ that society chooses for

them. To sum up, seeking plastic surgery dehumanizes a person to a product of social

stereotype and narrow-sighted aesthetics.

      Now, individuals who don‟t understand the risks of plastic surgery, who are

curious about appearance dominancy and who takes plastic surgery as the method for

ideal beauty are informed of the answer. The answer is plastic surgery is harmful to

health, restricts our aesthetics and exaggerates the influence of looking. Plastic

surgery is never a way to neither solve problems nor better our life.


1. Yang, W. , Yang, P. , & Hou, D. . (2000). Analysis of complications of

augmentation mammaplasty in 12 patients. Zhonghua zheng xing wai ke za zhi

Zhonghua zhengxing waike zazhi Chinese journal of plastic surgery. Retrieved from


2. M, Tatiana. (2005). Gastric Bypass Surgery Gone Bad. Study: 1 In 50 People Die

Within A Month Of Surgery. CBS News. Retrieved from


3.張春興. (2010). 現代心理學. 東華出版社
4. Monder, B. R. (2007). After Our Bodies Ourselves. Psychoanalytic Psychology,

24(2), 384-394. doi:10.1037/0736-9735.24.2.384. Retrieved from



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