Writing K 12 Scope and Sequence Writing K 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Writing Processes Generate writing by glo17482

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									 Writing K-12 Scope and Sequence
 Writing                                                         K    1    2    3    4    5    6    7    8    9    10   11   12

Writing Processes
Generate writing ideas through discussion                                                            
Generate writing ideas from printed material                                                            
Keep a list of writing ideas                                                                              
Choose a topic for writing                                                                                       
Establish thesis statement (informational) or plan (narrative)                                             
Main idea                                                                                                    
Audience                                                                                             
Purpose                                                                                               
Conduct background reading, interviews or surveys                                                             
Pre-writing tasks (background reading, interviews, surveys)                                                   
Organize and group related ideas.                                                                        
Use organizational strategies to plan writing                                                         
Beginning, middle, end                                                                                          
Simple introduction, body and a clear sense of closure                                                           
Introduction, body, resolution of plot, closing statement or a                                            
summary of important ideas and details.
Write from left to right and top to bottom.                                                                      
Use correct sentence structures                                                                                  
Complete sentences with subjects and verbs                                                                       
Declarative, interrogative and exclamatory sentences                                                             
Simple, compound and complex sentences                                                                  
Paragraphs                                                                                              
Topic and supporting sentences                                                                             
Effective transitions in paragraphs                                                                           
Closing sentences in paragraphs                                                                               
Maintain coherence across and within paragraphs                                                              
Reread own writing                                                                                   
Assess writing for clarity                                                                             
Precise language, verbs, details, modifiers, style, voice                                                   
Proofread writing to improve conventions                                                              
Proofread writing: correct fragments and run-ons                                                        
Eliminate inappropriate slang or informal language                                                             
Use resources to enhance vocabulary                                                                    
Resources/reference materials: effective, precise vocabulary                                                  
Mimic language from literature when appropriate                                                                
Vary language and style as appropriate                                                                         
Descriptive words and details                                                                                
Delete extraneous information                                                                          
Add information and details to elaborate central idea                                                      
Transitional words and phrases                                                                                
Rearrange words, sentences, paragraphs to clarify meaning                                               
Apply tools (e.g., rubric, checklist, feedback) to writing                                            
Publish                                                                                              
Use available technology to compose text                                                              


                                                                                                                                  1
Writing K-12 Scope and Sequence
Writing                                              K    1    2    3    4    5    6    7    8    9    10   11   12



Writing Applications
Dictate or write simple stories                                                                      
Write stories                                                                                      
Informal writings                                                                        
Beginning, middle, end                                                                               
Logical sequence                                                                                   
Name or label objects or places.                                                                     
Write from left to right and from top to bottom.                                                     
Descriptive words and details                                                                    
Clear message                                                                                       
Vivid language                                                                                    
Narratives                                                                                     
Reflective compositions                                                                             
Literary devices to enhance style and tone                                                          
Figurative language and specific narration                                                          
Characters, setting, plot                                                                     
Point of view                                                                                     
Dialogue                                                                                           
Responses to stories                                                                            
Responses to novels, poems                                                                       
Responses to plays                                                                                  
Responses to literature                                                                          
Friendly letter or invitation                                                                       
Formal and informal letters (thank you, request)                                                    
Business letter format                                                                          
Letter to the editor                                                                               
Job applications                                                                                   
Functional documents (requests, resume, complaint,                                                  
memo, proposal)
Informational reports                                                                       
Informational essays                                                                           
Persuasive                                                                                     




                                                                                                                      2
Writing K-12 Scope and Sequence
Writing                                                 K    1    2    3    4    5    6    7    8    9    10   11   12



Writing Conventions
Handwriting                                                                                              
Print capital and lowercase letters                                                                   
Cursive                                                                                                
Space letters                                                                                       
Spacing between words                                                                               
Space between sentences                                                                              
Spelling                                                                                                 
Early letter name-alphabetic spelling                                                                   
Some end consonant sounds                                                                               
High-frequency words                                                                              
Frequently misspelled words                                                                             
Words studied                                                                                           
Phonetically-spelled written work                                                                       
Short vowel patterns                                                                                    
Most common long vowel words                                                                            
Strategies to spell unfamiliar words                                                                    
Consonant blends and digraphs                                                                           
Plurals                                                                                                
Verb tenses                                                                                             
Inflectional endings                                                                                    
Spelling patterns                                                                                       
Apply spelling strategies and rules (generalizations)                                                  
Multi-syllable words                                                                                    
Compounds and homonyms                                                                                  
Contractions                                                                                           
Suffixes                                                                                              
Roots                                                                                                  
Prefixes                                                                                               
Resources to check spelling                                                                             
Correct spelling conventions                                                                        
Punctuation                                                                                              
Punctuation marks at the end of sentences                                                             
End punctuation ?!.                                                                               
Quotation marks                                                                                    
Contractions and abbreviations: punctuation                                                             
Commas in a series                                                                                      
Commas                                                                                               
Apostrophes in contractions, possessives                                                            
Semicolon, colon, hyphen, dashes, brackets                                                             
Correct usage                                                                                       
Capitalization                                                                                           
First word in sentence, names, pronoun I                                                              

                                                                                                                         3
Writing K-12 Scope and Sequence
Writing                                                   K   1    2    3    4    5    6    7    8    9    10   11   12

Proper nouns, months and days                                                                           
Correct usage                                                                                   
Grammar and Usage (all are usage unless noted)                                                            
Nouns, verbs and adjectives (descriptive words).                                                  
Subject verb agreement                                                                                 
Subject-verb agreement (collective nouns, indefinite                                                    
pronouns, compound subjects, prepositional
phrases)
Irregular plural nouns                                                                                 
Personal pronouns                                                                                       
Pronouns                                                                                            
Past and present verb tenses                                                                           
Future verb tense                                                                                       
Verbs: perfect tense, transitive, intransitive, linking                                               
Conjugate regular and irregular verbs in all tenses                                                    
Noun pronoun agreement                                                                                 
Possessive nouns and pronouns                                                                           
Indefinite and relative pronouns                                                                        
Conjunctions.                                                                                      
Interjections                                                                                       
Adverbs                                                                                             
Prepositions and prepositional phrases.                                                             
Objective and nominative case pronouns.                                                               
Possessive, indefinite, relative pronouns                                                               
Dependent and independent clauses                                                                       
Clauses (main, subordinate) and phrases (gerund,                                                      
infinitive, participial)
Parallel structure                                                                                     
Modifiers                                                                                              
Correct usage                                                                                           




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