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					                                                                                                        www.greenpeace.org.uk

                                                                                                                  February 2003

List of proposed and existing nuclear waste sites across the UK


 Proposed High Level waste sites

 Site                   Location                     Type of site                       History
 Altnabreac             Strath Halladale,            One of the 24                      A planning application for test-
                        Caithness.                   preferred granite rock             drilling to Caithness District Council
                        Private land on              sites & short-list of 8            in 1978 was accepted. 27 boreholes
                        the Sutherland               destined for detailed              drilled between Nov 1978 and May
                        border.                      investigation.                     1979.

 Ben Armine             Mid Sutherland               One of the 24
 area                   near Loch Choire             preferred granite rock
                                                     sites but not on the
                                                     short-list of 8.

 Brent Knoll            Service area on              One of 9 clay or salt              Natural Environment Research
                        the M5 south of              areas in England and               Council [NERC] submitted
                        Bristol.                     Wales identified. Also             application for test drilling in
                                                     one of 4 short-listed              October 1981. Permission refused.
                                                     for detailed                       No inquiry ever held.
                                                     investigation.

 Cheshire               Unspecified                  One of 9 clay or salt
                                                     areas in England and
                                                     Wales identified. Not
                                                     one of 4 short-listed.

 Cheviot Hills          Northumbria                  One of the 24                      Planning applications were made to
                        National Park. 7             preferred granite rock             Alnwick and Berwick District
                        miles from Kelso,            sites & short-list of 8            Councils in the summer of 1978 for
                        just across the              destined for detailed              test drilling in two granite areas in
                        border in                    investigation.                     the Northumbria National Park. The
                        England. Nearest                                                application was rejected by the
                        towns are                                                       Northumbria National Parks
                        Rothbury and                                                    Committee on 26th June 1978.
                        Wooler.                                                         Inquiry opened 28th October 1980
                                                                                        in Newcastle. Opposition was run by
                                                                                        the Cheviots Defence Action Group.

 Corrour                Lochaber,                    One of the 24                      Site owned by the Forestry
                        Highland. Loch               preferred granite rock             Commission. Lochaber District
                        Treig and Loch               sites & short-list of 8            Council voted unanimously against
                        Ossian area.                 destined for detailed              test drilling, but no application
                                                     investigation.                     made. A standing room only public
                                                                                        meeting held in Roybridge in late
                                                                                        1978 gave its unanimous support to
                                                                                        the Council.

 Cumbria                Unspecified                  One of 9 clay or salt
                                                     areas in England and
                                                     Wales identified. Not
                                                     one of 4 short-listed.




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 Deeside                3 neighbouring               One of the 24                      Opposition to the proposals was
                        areas                        preferred granite rock             spearheaded by SCRAM NE. No
                        considered.                  sites & short-list of 8            planning application made.
                        Upper Deeside                destined for detailed
                        near Aboyne;                 investigation.
                        Donside around
                        Strathdon, and
                        Tornashean.
 Glen Etive             Argyll. Ben                  One of the 24                      Local opposition group, the
                        Trilleachan                  preferred granite rock             Oystercatchers set up a base in a
                        (gaelic for                  sites & short-list of 8            caravan in Glen Etive, along with
                        oystercatchers)              destined for detailed              Siol Nan Gaidheal (a part of the
                        and Ben Starav               investigation.                     SNP), in June 1980, with the aim of
                        were likely sites.                                              keeping the Institute of Geological
                                                                                        Sciences out of the Glen. No
                                                                                        planning application made.

 Gwynedd                Unspecified                  One of 9 clay or salt              Anti-dumping group, Madryn
 and Powys                                           areas in England and               (Welsh for Cunning Fox) stopped
                                                     Wales identified. Not              IGS survey team operating in
                                                     one of 4 short-listed.             designated area - June 1980.
                                                                                        Forestry Commission offices in
                                                                                        Aberystwyth occupied in protest
                                                                                        against access given to IGS.
 Hill of Fare/          Aberdeenshire –              One of the 24
 Bennachie              near Inverurie               preferred granite rock
                                                     sites but not on the
                                                     short-list of 8.

 Island of              Inner Hebrides               One of the 24
 Rhum                                                preferred granite rock
                                                     sites but not on the
                                                     short-list of 8.

 Jura                   Inner Hebrides               One of the 24
                                                     preferred granite rock
                                                     sites but not on the
                                                     short-list of 8.

 Lake District          Cumbria                      One of the 24
 Granites                                            preferred granite rock
                                                     sites but not on the
                                                     short-list of 8.

 Loch Laxford           Sutherland,                  One of the 24
 to Enard Bay           south of Scourie.            preferred granite rock
                                                     sites but not on the
                                                     short-list of 8.




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 Mullwarchar            nr Loch Doon                 One of the 24                      UKAEA lodged a planning
 Hill                   Ayrshire/Dumfrie             preferred granite rock             application to carry-out test-drilling
                        s & Galloway                 sites & short-list of 8            with Kyle and Carrick District
                        Border                       destined for detailed              Council in January 1978. Public
                                                     investigation.                     Inquiry opened 19th February 1980.
                                                                                        Three opposition groups were
                                                                                        formed: SCRAM [Scottish Campaign
                                                                                        to Resist the Atomic Menace] SW,
                                                                                        (in Castle Douglas) Scottish
                                                                                        Conservation Society (in
                                                                                        Kirkcudbright), and Campaign
                                                                                        Opposing Nuclear Dumping (COND)
                                                                                        (in Ayr).

 North Harris           Western Isles                One of the 24                      Hebrides Against Nuclear Dumping
                                                     preferred granite rock             published a pamphlet called
                                                     sites but not on the               “Islands at Risk” in 1980.
                                                     short-list of 8.

 Pabbay                 Uninhabited                  One of the 24                      Hebrides Against Nuclear Dumping
                        Island in                    preferred granite rock             published a pamphlet called
                        Western Isles                sites but not on the               “Islands at Risk” in 1980.
                                                     short-list of 8.

 Peterhead              Aberdeenshire                One of the 24
                                                     preferred granite rock
                                                     sites but not on the
                                                     short-list of 8.

 Puriton                Royal Ordnance               One of 9 clay or salt              Application for test drilling
                        Factory in                   areas in England and               submitted by (NERC) in October
                        Somerset                     Wales identified. Also             1980 who took over responsibility
                                                     one of 4 short-listed              for research from UKAEA
                                                     for detailed                       Permission refused. Jan/Feb 1982
                                                     investigation.                     set as date for inquiry, but it was
                                                                                        never held.

 Radcliffe-on-          Power station                One of 9 clay or salt              Natural Environment Research
 Soar                   site                         areas in England and               Council [NERC] submitted
                        Nottinghamshire              Wales identified. Also             application for test drilling in
                                                     one of 4 short-listed              October 1981. Permission refused.
                                                     for detailed                       Inquiry [joint with Wymeswold], in
                                                     investigation.                     Loughborough, began Nov 24th
                                                                                        1981, lasting just one and a half
                                                                                        weeks, just prior to the government
                                                                                        cancelling the programme.

 River                  NE Sutherland                One of the 24
 Strathey               Next valley to               preferred granite rock
                        Strath Halladale             sites but not on the
                                                     short-list of 8.

 Rogart                 near Golspie,                One of the 24
                        Sutherland                   preferred granite rock
                                                     sites but not on the
                                                     short-list of 8.




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 St Kilda               Atlantic Ocean               One of the 24
 Islands                                             preferred granite rock
                                                     sites but not on the
                                                     short-list of 8.

 Scarp                  Uninhabited                  One of the 24                      Hebrides Against Nuclear Dumping
                        Island in                    preferred granite rock             published a pamphlet called
                        Western Isles                sites but not on the               “Islands at Risk” in 1980.
                                                     short-list of 8.

 Scourie                NE Sutherland                One of the 24                      Private landowner refused access
                                                     preferred granite rock             after stiff local opposition. Dropped
                                                     sites & short-list of 8            from the list, and no planning
                                                     destined for detailed              application made.
                                                     investigation.

 Shin Forest            nr Bonar Bridge              One of the 24                      Site owned by the Forestry
                        in SE Sutherland             preferred granite rock             Commission. Opposition meeting
                                                     sites & short-list of 8            held in October 1978. No planning
                                                     destined for detailed              application made.
                                                     investigation.

 South Rona             Off Skye                     One of the 24
 Island                                              preferred granite rock
                                                     sites but not on the
                                                     short-list of 8.

 Southwest              Western Isles                One of the 24                      Hebrides Against Nuclear Dumping
 Lewis                                               preferred granite rock             published a pamphlet called
                                                     sites but not on the               “Islands at Risk” in 1980.
                                                     short-list of 8.

 Taransay               Uninhabited                  One of the 24                      Hebrides Against Nuclear Dumping
                        Island in the                preferred granite rock             published a pamphlet called
                        Western Isles                sites but not on the               “Islands at Risk” in 1980.
                                                     short-list of 8.

 Wessex                 Dorset area                  One of 9 clay or salt
 Basin                                               areas in England and
                                                     Wales identified. Not
                                                     one of 4 short-listed.

 Worcester              Hereford and                 One of 9 clay or salt              Campaign run by FOE Evesham who
 Basin                  Worcester and                areas in England and               joined with Welsh group PANDORA
                        Gloucester. The              Wales identified. Not              (Don Arnott) to help FoE
                        area of interest             one of 4 short-listed.             Loughborough defeat the
                        was thought to                                                  Wymeswold application to
                        be the Vale of                                                  Charnwood Borough Council.
                        Evesham clay.

 Wymeswold              Leicestershire               One of 9 clay or salt              Natural Environment Research
 Airfield               Former RAF                   areas in England and               Council [NERC] submitted
                        base.                        Wales identified. Also             application for test drilling in
                                                     one of 4 short-listed              October 1981. Permission refused.
                                                     for detailed                       Inquiry [joint with Radcliffe-on-
                                                     investigation.                     Soar], in Loughborough, began
                                                                                        Nov 24th 1981, lasting just one and
                                                                                        a half weeks, just prior to the
                                                                                        government cancelling the
                                                                                        programme.



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 Proposed Low and Intermediate-Level waste sites

 Site                   Location                     Type of site                       History
 Altnabreac             Caithness                     Probably on Nirex’s               Since test-drilling had already taken
                                                     secret list of 12 sites            place in 1978/9, there’s a high
                                                     for ILW dump                       probability this site was on Nirex’s
                                                                                        short-list.

 Anglesey               North Wales                                                     Possibly on Nirex’s secret list of 12
                                                                                        sites for ILW dump. Two Islands
                                                                                        known to be on the list.


 Billingham             Cleveland                    A deep anhydrite                   Selected in 1983 as a potential
                                                     mine at Billingham                 deep dump for ILW in old anhydrite
                                                     proposed as a site for             mine. Abandoned Jan 85, ostensibly
                                                     ILW by Nirex in 1983.              because ICI, the mine’s owners,
                                                                                        had refused access to the official
                                                                                        survey team because of huge
                                                                                        pressure from the local community.

 Bradwell               Essex                        One of 3 sites, which              To avoid public inquiries, Special
                                                     joined Elstow on list              Development Orders granted in
                                                     for proposed disposal              Parliament. Short-lived ILW
                                                     of low-level (LLW)                 dropped from proposal summer
                                                     and short-lived                    1986. Test drilling started Aug/Sept
                                                     intermediate-level                 1986. 100s formed human
                                                     (ILW) waste.                       barricades preventing contractors
                                                                                        gaining access for several weeks.
                                                                                        Court injunctions used and heavy
                                                                                        police presence. On 1st May 1987,
                                                                                        prior to a General Election, the
                                                                                        Government abandoned the
                                                                                        programme.

 Dounreay               Caithness                    Nirex’s search for                 A referendum was organised by
                                                     deep ILW dump                      Caithness District Council in
                                                     started 1987 -Final                November 1989. 74% of voters
                                                     short-list of 2                    opposed Nirex’s plans. After a
                                                     announced 1989.                    programme of test drilling Nirex
                                                                                        dropped Dounreay in July1991.

 Elstow                 Bedfordshire                 Proposed as a site for             To avoid public inquiries, Special
                                                     the shallow burial of              Development Orders granted in
                                                     LLW and short-lived                Parliament. Short-lived ILW
                                                     ILW, by Nirex in                   dropped from proposal summer
                                                     1983. Remained on                  1986. Test drilling started Aug/Sept
                                                     new list announced                 1986. 100s formed human
                                                     1986.                              barricades preventing contractors
                                                                                        gaining access for several weeks.
                                                                                        Court injunctions used and heavy
                                                                                        police presence. On 1st May 1987,
                                                                                        prior to a General Election, the
                                                                                        Government abandoned the
                                                                                        programme.




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 Fulbeck                Lincolnshire                 One of 3 sites, which              To avoid public inquiries, Special
                                                     joined Elstow on list              Development Orders granted in
                                                     for proposed disposal              Parliament. Short-lived ILW
                                                     of low-level (LLW)                 dropped from proposal summer
                                                     and short-lived                    1986. Test drilling started Aug/Sept
                                                     intermediate-level                 1986. 100s formed human
                                                     (ILW) waste.                       barricades preventing contractors
                                                                                        gaining access for several weeks.
                                                                                        Court injunctions used and heavy
                                                                                        police presence. On 1st May 1987,
                                                                                        prior to a General Election, the
                                                                                        Government abandoned the
                                                                                        programme.
 Harwell                Oxfordshire                  Never an official
                                                     proposal. UK Atomic
                                                     Energy Authority
                                                     undertook research
                                                     work for a deep
                                                     nuclear waste dump
                                                     at Harwell, including
                                                     drilling 3 boreholes in
                                                     1981. At the time the
                                                     site was used purely
                                                     for research, but it
                                                     remains unknown
                                                     whether it later
                                                     appeared on Nirex's
                                                     shortlist for a dump.

 Killingholme           South                        One of 3 sites which               To avoid public inquiries, Special
                        Humberside                   joined Elstow on list              Development Orders granted in
                                                     for proposed disposal              Parliament. Short-lived ILW
                                                     of low-level (LLW)                 dropped from proposal summer
                                                     and short-lived                    1986. Test drilling started Aug/Sept
                                                     intermediate-level                 1986. 100s formed human
                                                     (ILW) waste.                       barricades preventing contractors
                                                                                        gaining access for several weeks.
                                                                                        Court injunctions used and heavy
                                                                                        police presence. On 1st May 1987,
                                                                                        prior to a General Election, the
                                                                                        Government abandoned the
                                                                                        programme.

 Lake District          Near Sellafield              Possibly on Nirex’s
 National Park                                       secret list of 12 sites
                                                     for ILW dump.
                                                     Another site near
                                                     Sellafield known to be
                                                     on the list. Former
                                                     BNFL Director Harold
                                                     Bolter has identified
                                                     fells to the east of
                                                     Sellafield, in the Lake
                                                     District National Park,
                                                     as "the most suitable
                                                     geology".




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 Norfolk                An army base in              Possibly on Nirex’s
                        Norfolk has been             secret list of 12 sites
                        suggested                    for ILW dump. Three
                                                     areas in East Anglia
                                                     and East Midlands
                                                     known to be on the
                                                     list.

 Offshore               Probably the                 Possibly on Nirex’s
 deep                   area between                 secret list of 12 sites
 W.Scotland             Sutherland &                 for ILW dump. Given
                        Lewis                        the interest shown in
                                                     the area around
                                                     Sutherland and Lewis,
                                                     between 1978-81,
                                                     offshore West
                                                     Scotland probably
                                                     refers to this area.

 Offshore               Probably the                 Possibly on Nirex’s
 shallow                area between                 secret list of 12 sites
 W.Scotland             Sutherland &                 for ILW dump. Given
                        Lewis                        the interest shown in
                                                     the area around
                                                     Sutherland and Lewis,
                                                     between 1978-81,
                                                     offshore West
                                                     Scotland probably
                                                     refers to this area.

 Pabbay                 Uninhabited                  Possibly on Nirex’s
                        Island in                    secret list of 12 sites
                        Western Isles                for ILW dump. Two
                                                     Islands known to be
                                                     on the list.

 Scarp                  Uninhabited                  Possibly on Nirex’s
                        Island in                    secret list of 12 sites
                        Western Isles                for ILW dump. Two
                                                     Islands known to be
                                                     on the list.

 Sellafield             West Cumbria                 Nirex’s search for                 After a programme of test drilling
                                                     deep ILW dump                      Nirex selected Sellafield in July1991
                                                     started 1987 - Final               as its preferred site for a dump.
                                                     short-list of 2                    Nirex submitted a planning
                                                     announced 1989.                    application for its so-called Rock-
                                                                                        Characterisation Facility or
                                                                                        underground “laboratory” in
                                                                                        autumn 1994. A public inquiry,
                                                                                        lasting five months, was held end
                                                                                        1995 to 1st Feb1996. On 17th March
                                                                                        1997, the then Secretary of State
                                                                                        for the Environment, John Gummer,
                                                                                        rejected Nirex’s plans.




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 Sizewell               Suffolk                      Possibly on Nirex’s
                                                     secret list of 12 sites
                                                     for ILW dump. Raised
                                                     at Nirex Inquiry as a
                                                     possibility – not
                                                     denied. Three areas in
                                                     East Anglia and East
                                                     Midlands known to be
                                                     on the list.

 Taransay               Uninhabited                  Possibly on Nirex’s
                        Island in                    secret list of 12 sites
                        Western Isles                for ILW dump. Two
                                                     Islands known to be
                                                     on the list.

 Trecwn                 Pembrokeshire                Never an official
                                                     proposal. Trecwn was
                                                     proposed as site by
                                                     company Omega
                                                     Pacific, which owned
                                                     the land. The site has
                                                     now been sold, but its
                                                     future is uncertain.

 Wymeswold/             Leicestershire/              Possibly on Nirex’s
 Radcliffe              Nottinghamshire              secret list of 12 sites
                        border.                      for ILW dump. Three
                                                     areas in East Anglia
                                                     and East Midlands
                                                     known to be on the
                                                     list. Given the interest
                                                     shown in this area in
                                                     1981, this could be
                                                     the East Midlands
                                                     site.




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 Existing civil nuclear storage sites

 Site                   Location                     Type of site                       Detail
 Berkeley               Gloucestershire               Closed Magnox                     The station is now being
                                                     station, which                     decommissioned (reducing the height of
                                                     operated between                   the reactor building and turbine hall and
                                                     1962 and 1989. Also                cooling ponds demolished in 2001). A
                                                     site of nuclear                    care and maintenance phase will begin
                                                     laboratories.                      around 2006, with final dismantling
                                                                                        planned for over 100 years time.

 Bradwell               Essex                        Magnox station which               Reactors being de-fuelled – a process
                                                     operated from 1961                 which will take 3 years. Magnox fuel
                                                     to 2002.                           element debris has a high hazard
                                                                                        potential because it can cause a
                                                                                        hydrogen explosion or fire. It is
                                                                                        accumulating in underground vaults.
                                                                                        Tritium contaminated wastes are stored
                                                                                        in ancillary buildings. A site adjacent to
                                                                                        Bradwell has been investigated by NIREX
                                                                                        for storage of LLW and ILW.

 Capenhurst             Near Chester                 Uranium Enrichment                 The principal components are
                                                     Plant, operated by                 contaminated materials arising from the
                                                     Urenco. BNFL also has              decommissioning of old plant.
                                                     an enrichment plant
                                                     which is being
                                                     decommissioned.
 Chapelcross            Dumfries &                   Operating Magnox                   In 2001 24 radioactive fuel rods crashed
                        Galloway                     station site, opened               to the reactor floor whilst being removed
                                                     1959, due to close                 from the nuclear reactor narrowly
                                                     March 2005 – also                  avoiding the release of a radioactive
                                                     produces tritium for               cloud which could have contaminated
                                                     nuclear weapons                    the whole region. Magnox fuel element
                                                     programme.                         debris has a high hazard potential
                                                                                        because it can cause a hydrogen
                                                                                        explosion or fire. Stored in water tanks
                                                                                        in the spent fuel storage ponds. ILW
                                                                                        wastes in the voids inside the reactor
                                                                                        will result in more complex removal
                                                                                        procedures.

 Clifton Marsh          Freckleton,                  Special Precaution                 Controversial dumping of depleted
                        Lancashire                   Burial of LLW.                     uranium from Springfields.



 Culham                 Abingdon,                    Fusion Research                    ILW is general trash contaminated with
                        Oxfordshire.                 Reactors.                          tritium, and redundant components from
                                                                                        fusion research. LLW is also general
                                                                                        trash contaminated with tritium.




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 Dounreay               Caithness                    Fast Reactor and                   Wastes include HLW liquids as a result of
                                                     Nuclear Research site.             reprocessing fast reactor spent fuel. The
                                                     Site includes,                     principal components of the ILW are
                                                     Dounreay Fast                      contaminated and irradiated redundant
                                                     Reactor (closed);                  scrap items; waste resulting from
                                                     Prototype Fast                     research reactor reprocessing; and the
                                                     Reactor (closed); Fast             contents of the ILW shaft. The principal
                                                     Reactor Reprocessing               components of the LLW stock volume
                                                     Plant (closed);                    were general trash from routine
                                                     Materials Test Reactor             operations and contaminated soil from
                                                     and MTR                            decommissioning projects.
                                                     Reprocessing Plant
                                                     (both closed); the
                                                     Dounreay Shaft and
                                                     Wet Silo were used in
                                                     the past to dump
                                                     ILW, which now has
                                                     to be retrieved and
                                                     re-packaged, and
                                                     low-level waste pits
                                                     which are now full.

 Drigg                  Cumbria, near                Site licensed for LLW              Plutonium contaminated material,
                        Sellafield.                  Disposal.                          classified as ILW, is having to be
                                                                                        removed from Drigg and transported to
                                                                                        Sellafield.

 Dungeness              Kent                         Operating AGR and                  Magnox fuel element debris has a high
                                                     Magnox stations.                   hazard potential because it can cause
                                                     Magnox station began               hydrogen explosions or fire. Stored in
                                                     operation 1965 - due               water tanks in the spent fuel storage
                                                     to shut 2006. AGR                  ponds. Both AGRs and Magnox have
                                                     station operating                  stored ILW wastes in the voids inside the
                                                     since 1985, expected               reactors which will result in more
                                                     to run until 2013.                 complex removal procedures.

 Harwell                Oxfordshire                  UKAEA Nuclear                      The principal components of the ILW are
                                                     research site. Site                drums remaining from the abandoned
                                                     includes closed                    1983 sea disposal campaign, and waste
                                                     research reactors:-                from past site operations. The principal
                                                     BEPO; PLUTO; DIDO                  component of the LLW are sludge from
                                                     and GLEEP.                         the treatment of radioactive effluent that
                                                                                        is being held in interim storage.
                                                                                        Plutonium contaminated ILW is being
                                                                                        received from Winfrith. Some of this
                                                                                        waste is now low level, and is being
                                                                                        transported off site to Drigg for disposal.

 Hartlepool             Cleveland                    AGR station,                       Using voids in the reactor structure for
                                                     operating since 1983,              fuel debris makes future
                                                     expected to run until              decommissioning more difficult as these
                                                     2013.                              are not easy to retrieve.




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 Heysham                Lancashire                   Site of two AGR                    Using voids in the reactor structure for
                                                     stations. Heysham A                fuel debris makes future
                                                     began operation in                 decommissioning more difficult as these
                                                     1984 and is planned                are not easy to retrieve. Storage
                                                     to operate until 2014.             facilities for Resins, sludges and
                                                     Heysham B began                    dessicants have a limited capacity.
                                                     operation in 1988 and
                                                     is planned to operate
                                                     until 2023.

 Hinkley                Somerset                     Operating AGR station              Incinerator takes waste from Hinkley
                                                     and closed Magnox                  point A&B Oldbury, Berkeley and
                                                     station site. Also site            Trawsfynydd. BNFL plans to build a store
                                                     of Wellman                         on-site to hold up to 4000m3 of ILW
                                                     Incinerator. Magnox                from decommissioning. ILW wastes
                                                     station, operated                  stored in the voids inside both AGR and
                                                     1964 to 1999,                      Magnox reactors which will result in
                                                     currently being de-                more complex removal procedures.
                                                     fuelled.
                                                     The 2 AGR stations
                                                     opened in 1976, and
                                                     it is planned to run
                                                     them until 2011.
 Hunterston             Ayrshire                     AGR and closed                     Recent NII reports have highlighted that
                                                     Magnox Station Site.               the decommissioning programme has
                                                     Two early Magnox                   been moving very slowly. A store is
                                                     reactors opened in                 planned to deal with long term ILW on
                                                     1964 and closed in                 site. During 2000 an incident occurred
                                                     1989 and 1990.                     where radioactive materials were taken
                                                     Under the initial                  out of the site. It is likely that this
                                                     stages of                          accidentally went to landfill or a scrap
                                                     decommissioning until              yard. Also problems with safety of large
                                                     2010. The whole                    amounts combustible Magnox debris.
                                                     process is estimated               Like other AGRs, Hunterston B uses
                                                     to take 135 years.                 voids in the reactor structure for fuel
                                                     The AGR station                    debris which will make future
                                                     opened in 1976 and is              decommissioning more difficult as these
                                                     planned to run until               are not easy to retrieve.
                                                     2011.

 Littlebrook            Oil-fired power              LLW Incinerator                    Disposes of waste oil for Bradwell &
                        station, Essex.                                                 Sizewell A

 Oldbury                Gloucestershire              Magnox station which               Growing concerns over graphite weight
                                                     began operating in                 loss in the core of the reactor. Recent
                                                     1967 and due to run                NII reports highlighted a build up of
                                                     until 2008.                        Caesium in the fuel pond water and
                                                                                        delays in sending irradiated fuel to
                                                                                        Sellafield for reprocessing. Seismic
                                                                                        problems - one reactor has sunk about
                                                                                        18 inches. ILW wastes stored in the
                                                                                        voids inside the reactor which will result
                                                                                        in more complex removal procedures.




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 Torness                East Lothian                 AGR Station Site                   In the early 1990s Scottish Nuclear
                                                     began operation                    proposed building a dry store to house
                                                     1988, and planned to               used fuel on site at Torness. This was an
                                                     run until 2023.                    alternative to transporting this
                                                                                        dangerous material across country to
                                                                                        Sellafield for reprocessing.
                                                                                        Environmental campaigners argued that
                                                                                        the proposed dry store was preferable to
                                                                                        reprocessing, partly because of the
                                                                                        extent of contamination from
                                                                                        reprocessing. However, following
                                                                                        pressure from BNFL the plans for a dry
                                                                                        store at Torness were dropped in 1995.
                                                                                        Using voids in the reactor structure for
                                                                                        fuel debris makes future
                                                                                        decommissioning more difficult as these
                                                                                        are not easy to retrieve. Storage
                                                                                        facilities for Resins, sludges and
                                                                                        dessicants have a limited capacity.

 Sellafield             West Cumbria                 Site of Magnox                     Liquid HLW results from the reprocessing
                                                     reprocessing plant;                of Magnox, AGR and overseas spent
                                                     Thermal Oxide                      nuclear waste fuel. Some of this liquid
                                                     Reprocessing Plant;                has been solidified into glass blocks. The
                                                     Mox fuel fabrication               principal components of the ILW is
                                                     plant; and Calder Hall             Magnox fuel cladding wastes, flocs,
                                                     Magnox reactors due                Plutonium Contaminated Material and
                                                     to close March 2003.               AGR fuel assembly components. The
                                                                                        principal components of the LLW stock
                                                                                        volume were redundant pond skips and
                                                                                        fuel flasks awaiting future treatment
                                                                                        before
                                                                                        disposal, and spent oil stored
                                                                                        temporarily before being processed.

 Sizewell               Suffolk                      Magnox station began               ILW wastes in the voids inside the
                                                     operation 1965 - due               Magnox reactors which will result in
                                                     to close 2006. PWR                 more complex removal procedures.
                                                     station began                      Many of the older facilities used to store
                                                     operation 1995.                    ILW do not meet modern standards.
                                                     Expected to run until              Waste has been stored as liquids, solids
                                                     2035.                              or sludges, without any conditioning, in
                                                                                        a variety of storage facilities including
                                                                                        silos, vaults, tanks and in drums.

 Southampton            Hythe,                       LLW Incinerator                    Takes waste from Heysham 1, Berkeley,
                        Southampton                                                     Trawsfynydd, Wylfa, and small users



 Springfields           Preston                      Nuclear Fuel                       The principal components are process
                                                     Fabrication Plant.                 residues, mixed trash from routine
                                                     Magnox fuel                        operations and building material from
                                                     fabrication due to end             decommissioning activities. Stocks of
                                                     2006, but AGR                      LLW have been accumulated while
                                                     fabrication will                   awaiting disposal to Drigg or further
                                                     continue.                          treatment and processing.




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 Trawsfynydd            Gwynedd                      Site of closed Magnox              Now in the process of decommissioning
                                                     station, which                     which involves the creation of a
                                                     operated between                   “safestore” for the reactor and an ILW
                                                     1965 and 1993.                     dump the size of a football stadium.

 Winfrith               Dorset                       Site includes closed               Being decommissioned. Also has a waste
                                                     prototype SGHWR                    compaction plant for compacting LLW
                                                     reactor and Dragon                 from Bradwell and Trawsfynydd. The
                                                     research reactor.                  principal components of the ILW are ion
                                                                                        exchange resin and sludge from SGHWR
                                                                                        operation, and plutonium contaminated
                                                                                        material from past operations and drums
                                                                                        remaining from the abandoned 1983 sea
                                                                                        disposal campaign. The plutonium
                                                                                        contaminated material is being
                                                                                        transferred to Harwell for storage.

 Wylfa                  Anglesey                     Magnox station began               ILW wastes stored in voids inside the
                                                     operation in 1965 -                reactor which will result in more complex
                                                     due to close 2010.                 removal procedures.
                                                     Also the site of an
                                                     interim dry store for
                                                     Magnox spent nuclear
                                                     waste fuel, but the
                                                     waste will still be
                                                     transported to
                                                     Sellafield for
                                                     reprocessing.




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 Military waste stores

 Site                   Location                Type of site                           Detail
 Aldermaston            Berkshire               Nuclear Warhead                        Low and intermediate level wastes
                                                production facility                    arising from other AWE sites such as
                                                                                       Burghfield is either sent to
                                                                                       Aldermaston for storage or to Drigg.
                                                                                       Waste arises at Aldermaston as a
                                                                                       result of the manufacture of nuclear
                                                                                       warheads for Britain’s Trident
                                                                                       missiles. So, material contaminated
                                                                                       with plutonium would be one
                                                                                       example of waste arising, but there
                                                                                       are also many older facilities on site,
                                                                                       such as research reactors, which
                                                                                       have come to the ends of their
                                                                                       operational lives and are either
                                                                                       under care and maintenance pending
                                                                                       decommissioning or are actually
                                                                                       being decommissioned.


 Devonport              Plymouth                Devonport provides                     There are currently 4 nuclear-
                                                maintenance and                        powered submarines which have
                                                support services for the               been taken out of service, laid up at
                                                operational UK nuclear                 Devonport [HMS Warspite; HMS
                                                submarine squadrons.                   Conqueror; HMS Courageous; & HMS
                                                It has the facilities to               Valiant). These redundant
                                                carry out operations                   submarines are stored afloat. The
                                                associated with                        waste stocks, therefore, include
                                                submarine refitting and                reactor pressure vessels, pressure
                                                refuelling. Since 2002                 vessel cladding, thermal shields and
                                                all nuclear submarine                  primary circuit components. Spent
                                                refitting work has been                submarine reactor fuel is sent to
                                                carried out at                         Sellafield for storage.
                                                Devonport.

 Donnington             Staffordshire -         Stores waste from                      Small amounts of waste, including
 and Stafford           DSDA                    military aircraft                      some ILW.
                        Defence                 counterbalance weights
                        Storage and             and redundant
                        Distribution            equipment containing
                        Centre                  radioactive sources.
 Eskmeals               Cumbria, near           Site used for test-firing              Projectiles fired into ‘hard targets’
                        Sellafield.             of depleted uranium-                   to test the effectiveness of armour
                                                tipped projectiles.                    plating containing depleted uranium.
                                                                                       The firing programme using depleted
                                                                                       uranium projectiles is currently
                                                                                       suspended, although there are no
                                                                                       plans at present to decommission
                                                                                       the firing facility.




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 Faslane                Argyll                  Nuclear-powered                        Faslane deals with radioactive
                                                submarine base.                        wastes arising from the operation at
                                                                                       sea and the maintenance ashore of
                                                                                       submarine nuclear propulsion
                                                                                       systems. Wastes consist principally
                                                                                       of low level wastes but at a
                                                                                       significantly lower level than those
                                                                                       resulting from refitting work at
                                                                                       Devonport.
 Fort Halstead          Kent                    Research &                             Small amounts of operational wastes
                                                Development of                         continue to arise.
                                                depleted –uranium-
                                                tipped shells

 Portsmouth             Hampshire               Berthing facilities for                The maintenance of berthing
                                                nuclear powered                        facilities for nuclear powered
                                                submarines & storage                   warships visiting the base gives rise
                                                of redundant equipment                 to limited quantities of LLW.
                                                and instrumentation                    Facilities are being scaled down,
                                                containing radioactive                 leading to smaller quantities of
                                                materials.                             waste in the future. HMNB
                                                                                       Portsmouth also acts as a receiving
                                                                                       and disposal authority for waste
                                                                                       arising from the de-equipping of
                                                                                       ships, and quantities of redundant
                                                                                       naval stores equipment and
                                                                                       instrumentation containing
                                                                                       radioactive materials. MoD policy is
                                                                                       to avoid the use of luminising
                                                                                       compounds containing tritium and
                                                                                       radium wherever possible; the
                                                                                       arising of this type of waste, which
                                                                                       are already small, will decrease as
                                                                                       older ships are disposed of. Reduced
                                                                                       arisings of ILW and LLW are
                                                                                       expected after 2020.

 Rosyth                 Fife                    All current nuclear                    There are currently 7 nuclear-
                                                submarine refitting and                powered submarines which are out
                                                refuelling activities at               of service laid up at Rosyth. (HMS
                                                Rosyth ended in 2002.                  Dreadnought; HMS Churchill; HMS
                                                Progressive site                       Swiftsure; HMS Revenge; HMS
                                                decommissioning will                   Resolution; HMS Renown; & HMS
                                                follow the end of                      Repulse). These redundant
                                                operational activities                 submarines are stored afloat. The
                                                and is forecast to                     waste stocks, therefore, include
                                                continue until 2013.                   reactor pressure vessels, pressure
                                                                                       vessel cladding, thermal shields and
                                                                                       primary circuit components.
 Vulcan                 Dounreay,               The Vulcan Naval                       The principal components of the ILW
                        Caithness               Reactor Test                           is metallic waste and ion exchange
                                                Establishment is                       resins.
                                                involved with
                                                development, acting as
                                                the test bed for
                                                prototype submarine
                                                nuclear reactors.
                                                Operations forecast to
                                                continue until 2015.




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