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Study Guide – brain_ ear and eye - Brain_ Ear_ and Eye Study Guide by malj

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									OMHS Anatomy - Brain, Ear, and Eye Study Guide

1.    Know the functions of the following parts of the brain: cerebellum, cerebrum (4
      lobes), pons, midbrain, thalamus, hypothalamus, medulla oblongata.
2.    What is the collective name for the layers of tissue that cover the brain and spinal
      cord?
3.    Name the innermost, middle, and outermost of the layers mentioned above.
4.    What makes up white matter in the brain? Gray matter?
5.    What are the 3 parts of the brain stem?
6.    What part of the brain controls the vomiting reflex along with other primitive
      reflexes?
7.    What part of the brain controls the vasomotor center, cardiac center, & respiratory
      center?
8.    Distinguish between gyri and sulci.
9.    Know the 4 lobes of the cerebrum and their functions.
10.   On a diagram, be able to label the following structures: cerebrum, cerebellum,
      thalamus, hypothalamus, midbrain, pons, medulla oblongata.
11.   What are the 3 layers that make up the wall of the eye?
12.   What 2 components make up the fibrous tunic?
13.   What 3 components make up the vascular tunic?
14.   What makes up the neural tunic?
15.   What layer of the eye wall contains photoreceptors?
16.   What are the 2 types of photoreceptors and what is the function of each?
17.   Why do we have a blind spot?
18.   Trace the visual pathway by naming in order the structures/fluids light passes
      through on its way to the retina.
19.   Be able to label the following parts of the eye: anterior chamber, posterior
      chamber, aqueous humor, vitreous humor, iris, lens, cornea, ciliary body, sclera,
      retina, Name the 3 divisions of the ear.
20.   What parts make up the external ear?
21.   What parts make up the middle ear?
22.   What parts make up the inner ear?
23.   What is the function of the Eustachian (or auditory) tube?
24.   What are the 3 auditory ossicles?
25.   Why do your ears pop when there is a change in altitude?
26.   Explain how hair cells function.
27.   Trace the hearing pathway by naming in order the structures/fluids sound waves
      pass through.
28.   Be able to label the following parts of the ear: auricle, external auditory canal,
      tympanic membrane, malleus, incus, stapes, semicircular canals, cochlea,
      Eustachian tube.

								
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