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MORAL CONSCIENCE

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									MORAL CONSCIENCE




  THE SEVEN DEADLY SINS
                   OBJECTIVES
   Define “Moral Law”
   Define “free will” and it’s
    uniqueness to mankind
   Define “sin” and
    understand the difference
    in sin and being sinful
   Be familiar with the “seven
    deadly sins”
   Define “morality” and its
    source
   Define “conscience”,
    “shame”, “guilt” and
    understand the difference.
               MAN’S FREEDOM
   1730 God created man a rational being,
    conferring on him the dignity of a person who
    can initiate and control his own actions. "God
    willed that man should be 'left in the hand of his
    own counsel,' so that he might of his own
    accord seek his Creator and freely attain his full
    and blessed perfection by cleaving to him."
    – Man is rational and therefore like God; he is created
      with free will and is master over his acts.
                   FREE WILL
   THE ABILITY OF MAN TO
    CHOOSE DIFFERENT FORMS OF
    HAPPINESS
     – WILL IS “RATIONAL
       APPETITE”
     – MAN HAS CHOICES FOR
       HAPPINESS
   NO FREE WILL = ANIMAL OR
    MACHINE
   PREDESTINATION ??????
   GOD CREATED W/O SIN
     – EVIL COMES FROM
       FREEDOM TO CHOOSE
     – LOVE COMES FROM
       FREEDOM TO CHOOSE
   MANKIND HAS EXPECTATION
     – BLAME, PRAISE, COUNSEL,
       EXHORT, MORALIZE
                 MORAL LAW
   1776 "Deep within his conscience man
    discovers a law which he has not laid upon
    himself but which he must obey. Its voice, ever
    calling him to love and to do what is good and
    to avoid evil, sounds in his heart at the right
    moment. . . . For man has in his heart a law
    inscribed by God. . . . His conscience is man's
    most secret core and his sanctuary. There he is
    alone with God whose voice echoes in his
    depths."
                   MORAL LAW
                 (I Don’t Enough Faith to be an Atheist)


   Is one argument for existence of a God
    – Every law has a law giver
    – There is a “moral law”
    – There is a Moral Law Giver
   Life is meaningless w/o right or wrong
    – Love is better than hate, courage better than
      cowardice
    – C.S. Lewis said “Think of country …admired for
      running from battle, …pride in double-crossing people
      who had been kindest…two and two might as well
      equal five”
                  MORAL LAW
                (I Don’t Enough Faith to be an Atheist)


 Moral law is not always the standard by which
  we treat others, but is nearly always the
  standard by which we expect to be treated.
 “…endowed by their Creator with certain
  unalienable Rights …”

   1787 Man is sometimes confronted by
    situations that make moral judgments less
    assured and decision difficult. But he must
    always seriously seek what is right and good and
    discern the will of God expressed in divine law.
                     WHAT IS SIN
       OFFENSE AGAINST
             GOD
 A DELIBERATE THOUGHT,
  WORD, OR DEED.
 AN OMMISSION OR
  COMMISSION CONTRARY TO
  ETERNAL LAW OF GOD
 A MORAL EVIL: AN OPPOSITION
  TO PERFECTION
        – A HUMAN ACT THAT DISAGREES
          W/ RIGHT OR REASON OF
          MORAL LAW/GOD’S LAW
        – WHEN AN INTELLIGENT
          CREATURE KNOWINGLY
          DISOBEYS GOD’S LAW
        – A VOLUNTARY ACT REPUGNANT
          TO THE ORDER OF RIGHT AND
          REASON
       CHARACTERISTIC OF SIN
   ROOTED IN THE HEART OF
    MAN/FREE WILL
    – “For out of the heart come evil
      thoughts, murder, adultery,
      fornication, theft, false witness,
      slander. These are what defile
      a man; but to eat with
      unwashed hands does not defile
      a man.”( MT 15: 19-20)
   VENIAL AND MORTAL
    – If any one sees his brother
      committing what is not a mortal
      sin, he will ask, and God will
      give him life for those whose sin
      is not mortal. There is sin which
      is mortal; I do not say that one
      is to pray for that. All
      wrongdoing is sin, but there is
      sin which is not mortal.(1 JN
      5:16-17)
                 MORTAL SIN
   Destroys vital principal
        of grace w/in us
       necessitates new
       initiative of God’s
          mercy and a
      conversion of heart
    through reconciliation.

     To die in a state of
       mortal sin means
     separation from God
    and eternal damnation
            – hell.
GOD’S LAW
    CONDITIONS FOR MORTAL SIN
           “Being Sinful”
   MUST BE GRAVE AS
    DEFINED IN THE
    DECALOGUE.
   FULL KNOWLEDGE OF
    THE SINFUL CHARACTER
    OF THE ACT AND ITS
    CONTRADICTION WITH
    GOD’S LAW.
   CONSENT SUFFICIENT
    ENOUGH FOR IT TO BE A
    PERSONAL CHOICE.

       “I KNOW IT IS WRONG
    AND AGAINST GOD’S LAW, BUT
           I’M GOING TO DO IT
                ANYWAY.”
                         VENIAL SIN
   WEAKENS CHARITY (LOVE OF
    GOD)
    – Reflects disordered desire for
      created goods
    – Roadblock for virtue and moral
      good
    – Deliberate/unrepentant leads to
      mortal sin
    – In itself does not represent total
      loss of grace
   The repetition of sins (even
    venial) engenders vices among
    which are the “capital sins”.
                          SIN cont.
   Sin creates a propensity to sin
    even more
    – Leads to perverse inclinations
    – Clouds the conscience, corrupts
      judgment
    – Reinforces itself
   Cannot destroy the moral sense
    at the root
   We are responsible for sins of
    others:
    – Participate directly and voluntarily
    – Advise, praise, or approve of them
    – Not disclosing, hindering though
      obligated
    – Protecting evil doers
    THE SEVEN DEADLY SINS
 Classified according
  to the virtues they
  oppose
 Are linked to sins
  Christian experience
  has distinguished (St
  John Cassian, St.
  Gregory the Great)
 “Capital” because
  they engender other
  sins and other vices.
         A COMPARISON
 CHASTITY - LUST
 KINDNESS - ENVY
 PATIENCE - ANGER
 HUMILITY - PRIDE
 DILIGENCE - SLOTH
 TEMPERANCE - GLUTTONY
 CHARITY - GREED
                                 PRIDE
                                (hubris)
   Vane, egocentric, arrogant,
    selfish, narcissistic, self-adore,
    self-love.
   Theologically: pride of power,
    pride of knowledge, pride of
    virtue.
     – Initially an ambition to be
        identified with or become
        God-like
   Group pride: nationalism,
    tribalism, racism, patriotism.
   Failure to recognize God’s
    grace and the worth of
    others. “Pride goes before
    the fall”                            “Vanity, definitely my favorite sin”
                                         The Devil’s Advocate, Al Pacino
                       GREED
                     (AVARICE)
   Excessive uncontrolled
    desire for money,
    wealth, or food.
    – To crave and begin
      believing “things” are a
      reason for living
    – Cloaked under the
      pretense of “saving for the
      future” but doing so at the
      expense of others.
   Broad implications to
    other capital sins.
    – Greed for food, sex etc.
                  ENVY
              (covetousness)
 Grief in another’s
  good fortune and
  the obsessive
  desire to have it
  yourself.
 "Envy … is contrary
    to charity, whence
    the soul derives its
    spiritual life...
    Charity rejoices in
    our neighbor's
    good, while envy
    grieves over it."
    (Thomas Acquinas)
                ANGER
        (violence, aggression)
 Response to a
  perceived threat due
  to conflict, injustice,
  negligence, betrayal,
  humiliation.
 Causeless, excessive,
  or protracted anger
  becomes sinful.
 The Bible warns "do
    not let the sun go
    down on your anger"
    (Ephesians 4:26);
                LUST
        (SINS OF SENSUALITY)
   Any intense desire and
    craving for self
    gratification
   Ruthless and sinful
    indulgence of sexual
    drive
    – Fornication, Adultery,
      Pornography,
      Masterbation
   Short path to mortal sin.
   “Thou shall not commit
    adultery”
                    GLUTTONY
                 (overindulgence)
   Overindulgence of food, drink,
    or intoxicants to the point of
    waste.
   A misplaced desire for food or
    withholding from the needy.

   “Do not join those who drink
    too much wine or gorge
    themselves on meat, for
    drunkards and gluttons
    become poor, and drowsiness
    clothes them in rags.”
    (Proverbs 23:20-21)

   Leads to focus on physical
    desires at the expense of the
    spiritual development.
                   SLOTH
             (laziness, acedia)
   Spiritual or actual
    laziness and putting off
    what God wants you to
    do or doing nothing at
    all.
   An absence of caring.
    The desire to make
    yourself comfortable
    with as little exertion
    as possible.
   by not being active
    alone, you invite the
    desire to sin on its own.
    "For Satan finds some
    mischief still for idle
    hands to do." (Isaac
    Watts)
                             MORALITY
   GOODNESS OR EVIL OF HUMAN ACTS
     – HUMAN FREEDOM ALLOWS “MORALITY” OR
        THE ABILITY TO JUDGE GOOD OR EVIL OF
        WHAT WE DO
     – Moral standards – behavior
     – Moral responsibility – conscience
   Moral standards for societies do not always
    conform to moral conscience.
   Not everyone believes in the same things or has
    the same “moral compass”
     –   morality can become dependent on early
         education, public opinion, and legislation.
          Embryonic stem cell research
          Abortion
          Capital punishment
          Ethnic cleansing
   MORALITY OF A HUMAN ACT DEPENDS ON
    OBJECT (what you do), INTENT (why you do it,
    expected outcome), AND CIRCUMSTANCES
                    MORALITY cont.
   “…error to judge the morality of
    human act considering only the
    intention…circumstances…”
    (Catechism of Catholic Church)
   Good acts versus evil outcome
     – Pray to be seen by others
     – Fasting to be seen by others
   Some acts are bad regardless of
    intent or circumstances
     – Fornication, adultery,
        blasphemy, murder
   “One may not do evil so that
    good may result from it.”
    (Catechism of Catholic Church)
   Morality can and is legislated for
    everyone.
                CONSCIENCE
   INTERIOR VOICE OF A HUMAN
    BEING W/IN WHOSE HEART THE
    INNER LAW OF GOD IS INSCRIBED
    – MORAL CONSCIENCE IS A
      JUDGEMENT ABOUT THE MORAL
      QUALITY OF HUMAN ACT YET TO
      TAKE PLACE
   WHEN HE LISTENS TO HIS
    CONSCIENCE A PRUDENT MAN CAN
    HEAR GOD SPEAKING
   A MORAL FACULTY THAT LEADS TO
    FEELINGS OF REMORSE FOR
    ACTIONS AGAINST MORAL
    PRECEPTS.
   ALLOWS RESPONSIBILITY FOR
    ACTIONS
   NOT GUILT OR SHAME
                THE FORMATION OF
                   CONSCIENCE
   MUST BE INFORMED THROUGHOUT LIFE

   WE HAVE AN OBLIGATION TO INFORM OUR
    CONSCIENCE

     – UNINFORMED LEADS TO PERSONAL
       JUDGEMENT AND REJECTION OF
       AUTHORITATIVE TEACHING

     – TEACHES VIRTUE, HOW TO COPE W/
       PRIDE, FEAR, SELFISHNESS,
       RESENTMENT, COMPLACENCY, AND
       OTHER HUMAN WEAKNESS/FAULT

   NEVER DO EVIL SO GOOD MAY RESULT
     – END DOES NOT JUSTIFY THE MEANS
   APPLY THE GOLDEN RULE

   NEVER DO ANYTHING TO MAKE YOUR
    BROTHER STUMBLE
     – Thus, sinning against your brethren and
       wounding their conscience when it is
       weak, you sin against Christ. (1COR 8:12)
            SHAME AND GUILT
   SHAME: CONCIOUS
    AWARENESS OF DISGRACE,
    DISHONOR, OR
    CONDEMNATION. (EXTERNAL)
    WHAT SOCIETY THINKS I HAVE
    DONE OR FAILED TO DO.
    – MAY HAVE NOTHING TO DO
      WITH ACTUAL IMPROPER
      BEHAVIOR
    – WHAT YOU THINK I AM
   GUILT: EMOTION
    EXPERIENCED FOR THOSE WHO
    BELIEVE THEY DID SOMETHING
    WRONG. (INTERNAL) “WHAT I
    HAVE DONE OR FAILED TO DO”
    – GUIDES MY ACTIONS AND
      CONSCIENCE
    – WHAT I AM
               SHAME AND GUILT
   BOTH ARE REAL NORMAL
    EMOTIONS
   SHAME IS “HORIZOTAL”
    – HUMAN FEAR/FEELING
    – PSYCHOLOGIST HELP –
      MAKE YOU FEEL GOOD
   GUILT (FROM
    CONSCIENCE) IS
    “VERTICAL”
    – A BROKEN COVENANT
      WITH GOD
    – REMOVED BY GOD ALONE
    – NOT A FEEL GOOD, BUT A
      BE GOOD
                  HOPE
SIN IS NOT OUR DESTINY

 SIN IS A FREE CHOICE
   AGAINST GOD AND
        NEIGHBOR

    WE HAVE GIFTS
     NECESSARY TO
   CHOOSE GOOD OVER
         EVIL

 THERE ARE EXAMPLES
          JESUS TEMPTED
   Why did he fast?
   Was it difficult to
    resist?
   Do we ever say
    “no” to our
    wants?
   Where do we get
    the strength to
    resist?
Physical and Spiritual Parallels
 They don’t succeed
  just because they
  “want” it?
 They have to sacrifice
  to reach their goals?
 They have to have
  discipline to endure
  sacrifice?
 They have to learn
  their responsibilities
  to fulfill their
  responsibilities.
           THE ROAD TO SALVATION
   IS NOT EASY FOR ANYONE
   IS FULL OF DIVERSIONS AND
    WRONG PATHS
   REQUIRES A “WILL” TO REMAIN ON
    THE PATH
   DISCIPLINE HELPS DEVELOP
    “WILL”
   REQUIRES KNOWLEDGE IN A
    COMPLEX WORLD WITH RAPIDLY
    CHANGING ISSUES
   REQUIRES GOOD HABITS AND
    DISCIPLINE TO FIGHT
    TEMPTATIONS
   REQUIRES KNOWLEDGE OF GOD
    AND TEACHINGS
   REQUIRES EFFORT: YOU HAVE TO
    TRY
  THE REWARD
IS FOR ETERNITY
                  THE QUIZ
   WHAT IS MORAL LAW
   NAME THE 7 CAPITAL SINS
   DEFINE “FREE WILL”
   WHAT IS REQUIRED FOR “SIN”
   WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCE IN
    – SHAME, GUILT, MORALITY
   HOW DO YOU STRENGTHEN YOURSELF
    AGAINST SIN
    – WHAT DOES THE CHURCH PROVIDE

								
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