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					  BIO PRODUCTS
APPLICATION GUIDE
Index


1 PRE-TREATMENT                                                              3

1.1   NEW TIMBER - UNTREATED                                                 3
1.2   OLD TIMBER SURFACES                                                    3
1.3   CLEAN                                                                  3
1.4   PEST AND FUNGUS PROTECTION                                             3
1.5   SAND DOWN                                                              3
1.6   TIMBER ENHANCEMENT                                                     4

2 TIMBER - PEST CONTROL                                                      5

2.1   TIMBER (OLD AND NEW)                                                   5
2.2   POST, BEAMS, POLES ETC.                                                5

3 FLOORS – INTERIOR                                                          6

3.1   SOFTWOOD                                                               6
3.2   HARDWOOD                                                               8
3.3   CORK                                                                   9
3.4   TILES/SLATE                                                            9

4 WOOD PANELLING, WOOD TRIM, DOORS, SKIRTINGS, BATTENS,
ARCHITRAVES, WINDOWS ETC.-INTERIOR                                          11

4.1   VARNISH FINISH                                                        11
4.2   WAX FINISH                                                            11
4.3   OIL FINISH                                                            11
4.4   VARNISH-STAIN FINISH                                                  11
4.5   ENAMEL FINISH                                                         12

5 EXTERIOR                                                                  13

5.1   WOOD PANELLING, DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, FRAMES, BEAMS, FASCIAS, GABLES,
      AND BOX FRAMES ETC.                                                    13
5.2   FENCES, PERGOLAS, BALUSTRADES, POSTS, GAZEBOS.                         13

6 FURNITURE, TOYS                                                           15

6.1   TIMBER ENHANCEMENT                                                    15

7 METAL SURFACES INTERIOR/EXTERIOR                                          17

7.1   ENAMEL FINISH                                                         17

8 WALLS AND CEILINGS - INTERIOR - SET PLASTER, GYPROCK,
MUDBRICK, RAMMED EARTH, BRICKS, TIMBERWALLS                                 18

8.1 MATT FINISH                                                             18
8.1.1 TIMBER WALLS AND CEILINGS                                             18
8.2 LAZURE FINISH                                                           18
8.3 HOW MUCH PAINT YOU NEED                                                 19
1   PRE-TREATMENT

1.1 NEW TIMBER - UNTREATED
Ensure the wood is thoroughly dry. The moisture content must be less than 15%
before painting can commence. It is strongly recommended that any unprotected
wood not be allowed to weather outdoors for more than two weeks before it is
protected with some finish that will prevent photodegradation and water damage.
ref.: Forest Service U.S.Dept. of Agriculture.

Precaution: Painting should be carried out when the temperature is above 10+C
and the relative humidity is less than 80%.


1.2 OLD TIMBER SURFACES

1.2.1       In poor condition
    a) Remove all existing paint by use of power sander, paint remover and/or
       thorough burning off.
    b) Wire brush and thoroughly sand all surfaces.
    c) Fill all holes, blemishes and cracks, then sand smooth.


1.2.2       In reasonable condition
    a) Remove all loose and flaking paint, sand and feather back all edges, spot
       prime all bare surfaces.
    b) Fill all indentations, holes and cracks and then sand smooth.


1.3 CLEAN
Clean with a brush and BIO Thinner to remove all traces of oil, grease, wax and
dirt.


1.4 PEST AND FUNGUS PROTECTION
To protect against fungus and insects see under section 2.


1.5 SAND DOWN
    a) Always sand along the grain
    b) Start with 60-120 grade paper
    c) Dust and brush the surface clean
    d) Fine-sand with 180-240 grade paper
    e) Dust and brush the surface clean
    f)   If you need to cut back further, use 200-300 gradepaper or steel wool.
1.6 TIMBER ENHANCEMENT
To bring out the colour and figure of the wood and to promote natural ageing,
brush on, dip or spray on one coat of either of the following:

   BIO NATURAL WOOD OIL
   BIO RED OIL
they may be applied neat or thinned up to 50% with BIO Thinner.
2   TIMBER - PEST CONTROL
Preface:

Timber must be protected from:

              Insect infestation
              wood destroying
              and wood discolouring fungi
Timber suffering fungal decay are known to provide strong attraction to many
species of termites. Ref.: Building Out Termites" R. Verkerk.


2.1 TIMBER (OLD AND NEW)
   BIO Wood Protecting Borax
    a) Apply one coat of BIO Wood Protecting Borax making sure the solution
       penetrates into the timber.
    b) After 24 hours drying time, apply a second coat.
    c) Before applying paint, remove excess Wood Protecting Borax from the
       surface with water and a damp cloth. Borax is a natural salt and if not
       removed can inhibit proper adhesion or discolour the paint.




2.2 POST, BEAMS, POLES ETC.
   BIO Wood Protecting Borax
   BIO Wood Varnish
   BIO Enamel Lacquer
    a) Prepare a BIO Wood Protecting Borax solution in a drum or trench and
       soak the timber for 24 hours.
    b) After the timber is dry, remove excess Wood Protecting Borax from the
       surface with water and a damp cloth. Let dry again and apply two coats of
       BIO Wood Varnish or one coat of BIO Enamel Lacquer for timber which is
       going to be in contact with soil or in wet spots.
3   FLOORS – INTERIOR

3.1 SOFTWOOD

3.1.1      VARNISH FINISH
   BIO Floor Varnish gloss / BIO Floor Varnish satin
   BIO Priming Oil
    a) Apply one coat of BIO Priming Oil. Remove excess oil with a clean cloth
       after 15-30 minutes.
    b) After 24 hours drying time, apply BIO Floor Varnish thinned down with 10-
       20% BIO Thinner. Let dry thoroughly - 12-24 hours. Sand if necessary
       after the first coat. Apply the second coat only after the previous coat has
       been thoroughly dried. Second coat may need 5- 10% BIO Thinner.
       Reaches maximum durability after 14-21 days. Furniture may be brought
       in after 3 days.
    c) Care and cleaning with BIO BIO Timber Care Polish. After 4 weeks, heavily
       used floors should be treated with undiluted self polishing BIO BIO Timber
       Care Polish. Apply thinly and evenly with an absorbent cloth. Repeat this
       treatment every so often. For regular cleaning use approx. 50 ml of BIO
       BIO Timber Care Polish in 5 Litres water. Use a damp (not dripping wet)
       mop. Small scratches can be improved with a thin coat of BIO Hard Floor
       Wax. Larger damages should be lightly sanded and retreated with BIO
       Floor Varnish thinned with 50% BIO Thinner.


3.1.2      WAX FINISH
   BIO Hard Floor Wax
   BIO TEAK Oil
    a) Apply one coat or two coats of BIO TEAK Oil. If warmed to about 80+C in a
       water bath the oil will penetrate deeper into the wood. Use only 30-60 ml
       per sqm depending of the absorbency of the timber. Remove the excess oil
       with a lint-free cloth after 10-20 minutes. Burnish the oil into the surface.
       Best with an orbital sander using a polishing pad.
    b) After 24 hours drying time, spread a thin layer of BIO Hard Floor Wax. If
       warmed up in a water bath, you can spread the Hard Floor Wax much
       easier. Use only 20 ml per sqm. Polish after 3- 5 hours with a lint-free
       cloth or polishing pad. If the floor surface appears uneven, reapply a coat
       of BIO Hard Floor Wax. After the final coat the floor should be left for
       approximately three days for the curing process to occur. Reaches
       maximum durability after 28 days.
    c) Care and cleaning with BIO BIO Timber Care Polish. When the wax is fully
       hardened, heavily used floors should be treated with undiluted self-
       polishing BIO BIO Timber Care Polish. Apply thinly and evenly with an
       absorbent cloth. Repeat this treatment every so often. For regular cleaning
       use approx. 50 ml of BIO BIO Timber Care Polish in 5 Litres water. Use a
       damp (not dripping wet) mop. The surface can be re-coated with BIO Hard
       Floor Wax as often as desired. Every two years, remove and replace wax
       for optimum appearance.
3.1.3      VARNISH - STAIN FINISH
   BIO Floor Varnish gloss / BIO Floor Varnish satin
   BIO Wood Varnish coloured BIO Priming Oil
    a) Apply one coat of BIO Priming Oil. Remove excess oil with a clean cloth
       after 15-30 minutes
    b) After 24 hours drying time apply the first coat of BIO Wood Varnish
       coloured. Sand if necessary after the first coat. Apply the second coat of
       Wood Varnish only for a stronger colour.
    c) Finish with two coats of BIO Floor Varnish thinned down 5-10% with BIO
       Thinner.
    d) Care and cleaning with BIO BIO Timber Care Polish. When the varnish is
       fully hardened, heavily used floors should be treated with undiluted self-
       polishing BIO BIO Timber Care Polish. Apply thinly and evenly with an
       absorbent cloth. Repeat this treatment every so often. For regular cleaning
       use approx. 5oml of BIO BIO Timber Care Polish in 5 Litres water. Use a
       damp (not dripping wet) mop.


3.1.4      ENAMEL FINISH
   BIO Floor Varnish gloss / satin BIO Enamel Lacquer solvent based
   BIO Enamel Lacquer Undercoat
    a) Apply one coat BIO Enamel Lacquer Undercoat. After 24 hours drying time
       apply one coat BIO Enamel Lacquer white or tinted, thinned down by 5-
       10% with BIO Thinner.
    b) One final coat with BIO Floor Varnish after BIO Enamel Lacquer has
       thoroughly dried. Reaches maximum durability after 14-21 days. Furniture
       may be brought in after three days.
    c) Care and cleaning with BIO BIO Timber Care Polish. When the varnish is
       fully hardened, heavily used floors should be treated with undiluted self-
       polishing BIO BIO Timber Care Polish. Apply thinly and evenly with an
       absorbent cloth. Repeat this treatment every so often. For regular cleaning
       use approx. 50 ml of BIO BIO Timber Care Polish in 5 Litres water Use a
       damp (not wet dripping) mop.



3.1.5 3.1.5 OIL FINISH


    a) Apply one to two coats of BIO Teak Oil. If warmed to about 80+c in a
       water bath the oil will penetrate deeper into the timber. Use only 30-50 ml
       per sqm. depending on the absorbency of the timber. Remove the excess
       oil with a clean cloth about 10-20 minutes. Burnish the oil into the surface.
       Best with an orbital sander using a polishing pad.


    b) Care and cleaning with BIO Natural Timber Care Polish. After 4 weeks,
       when the varnish is fully hardened, heavily used floors should be treated
       with undiluted self-polishing BIO Natural Timber Care Polish. Apply thinly
       and evenly with an absorbent cloth. Repeat this treatment every so often.
       For regular cleaning use approx. 50 ml of BIO Natural Timber Care Polish
       in 5 Litres of water, use a damp (not wet/dripping) mop.
3.2 HARDWOOD
Attention: Hardwoods and other timbers rich in natural oils, waxes, acids and
terpenes should be degreased using Bio Thinner because these substances may
mix with the varnish/oils and prolong its drying time. Let dry for 24 hours.


3.2.1      FINISH
   BIO Floor Varnish gloss / BIO Floor Varnish satin BIO Thinner
    a) Degrease timber with BIO Thinner
    b) Apply BIO Floor Varnish thinned down by 10-20% with BIO Thinner. Let
       dry thoroughly, sand lightly if necessary. Apply the second coat only after
       the previous coat has thoroughly dried. Reaches maximum durability after
       14-21 days. Furniture may be brought in after three days.
    c) Care and cleaning with BIO BIO Timber Care Polish. When the varnish is
       fully hardened heavily used floors should be treated with undiluted self-
       polishing BIO BIO Timber Care Polish. Apply thinly and evenly with an
       absorbent cloth. Repeat this treatment every so often. For regular cleaning
       use approx. 50 ml of BIO BIO Timber Care Polish in 5 Litres water. Use a
       damp (not dripping wet) mop.


3.2.2      WAX FINISH
   BIO Hard Floor Wax
   BIO TEAK OIL
    a) Degrease timber with BIO Thinner. Let dry for 24 hours.
    b) Apply one coat of BIO TEAK Oil. If warmed to about 80+C in a water bath
       the oil will penetrate deeper into the wood. Use only 25 ml per sqm
       depending of the absorbency of the timber. Remove excess oil after 1o-20
       minutes. Burnish the oil into the surface.
    c) After 24 hours drying time spread a thin layer of BIO Hard Floor Wax. If
       warmed up in a water bath, you can spread the Hard /Floor Wax much
       easier. Use 6 - 10 ml per sqm only. Polish after 3 - 5 hours with a lint-free
       cloth or polishing pad. If the floor surface appears uneven, reapply a coat
       of BIO Hard Floor Wax. After the final coat the floor should be left for
       approximately three days for the curing process to occur. Reaches
       maximum durability after 28 days.
    d) Care and cleaning with BIO BIO Timber Care Polish. When the wax is fully
       hardened, heavily used floors should be treated with undiluted self-
       polishing BIO BIO Timber Care Polish. Apply thinly and evenly with an
       absorbent cloth. Repeat this treatment every so often. For regular cleaning
       use approx. 50 ml of BIO BIO Timber Care Polish in 5 Litres water. Use a
       damp (not dripping wet) mop. The surface can be re-coated with BIO Hard
       Floor Wax as often as desired. Every two years, remove and replace the
       wax for optimum appearance.
3.3 CORK

3.3.1      VARNISH FINISH
   BIO Floor Varnish gloss or satin
   BIO Priming Oil
    a) Apply one coat of BIO Priming Oil. Remove excess oil with a clean cloth
       after 15-30 minutes.
    b) Two or three coats of BIO Floor Varnish may be necessary depending on
       the absorbent quality of the cork. Reaches maximum durability after 14-21
       days. Furniture may be brought in after 3 days.
    c) Care and cleaning with BIO BIO Timber Care Polish. When the varnish is
       fully hardened, heavily used floors should be treated with undiluted self-
       polishing BIO BIO Timber Care Polish. Apply thinly and evenly with an
       absorbent cloth. Repeat this treatment every so often. For regular cleaning
       use approx. 50 ml of BIO BIO Timber Care Polish in 5 Litres water. Use a
       damp (not dripping wet) mop.


3.3.2      WAX / OIL FINISH
   BIO Hard Floor Wax
   BIO TEAK Oil
    a) Apply two coats of BIO TEAK Oil. Remove the excess oil with a clean cloth
       after 10 - 20 minutes.
    b) After 24 hours drying time, spread a thin layer of BIO Hard Floor Wax.
       Polish after 3 - 5 hours with a lint-free cloth or polishing pad. If the floor
       surface appears uneven, reapply a coat of BIO Hard Floor Wax.
    c) Care and cleaning with BIO BIO Timber Care Polish. When the wax is fully
       hardened, heavily used floors should be treated with undiluted self-
       polishing BIO BIO Timber Care Polish. Apply thinly and evenly with an
       absorbent cloth. Repeat this treatment every so often. For regular cleaning
       use approx. 50 ml of BIO BIO Timber Care Polish in 5 Litres water. Use a
       damp (not dripping wet) mop. The surface can be re-coated with BIO Hard
       Floor Wax as often as desired. Every two years, remove and replace the
       wax for optimum appearance.


3.4 TILES/SLATE

3.4.1      VARNISH FINISH
   BIO Floor Varnish gloss or satin
    a) Two coats of BIO Floor Varnish are recommended. Thin down up to 50%
       with BIO Thinner depending on the absorbent quality of the substrate.
       Reaches maximum durability after 8-14 days. Furniture may be brought in
       after 3 days.
    b) Care and Cleaning with BIO BIO Timber Care Polish. When the varnish is
       fully hardened, heavily used floors should be treated with undiluted self-
       polishing BIO BIO Timber Care Polish. Apply thinly and evenly with an
       absorbent cloth. Repeat this treatment every so often. For regular cleaning
       use approx. 50 ml of BIO BIO Timber Care Polish in 5 Litres water. Use a
       damp (not dripping wet) mop.
3.4.2      WAX FINISH
   BIO Hard Floor Wax
   BIO TEAK Oil
    a) Apply one coat of BIO TEAK Oil. Remove excess oil with a clean cloth after
       10 - 20 minutes.
    b) After 24 hours drying time, spread a thin layer of BIO Hard Floor Wax.
       Polish after 3-5 hours with a lint-free cloth or polishing pad. If the floor
       surface appears uneven, reapply a coat of BIO Hard Floor Wax.
    c) Care and cleaning with BIO BIO Timber Care Polish. When the wax is fully
       hardened, heavily used floors should be treated with undiluted self-
       polishing BIO BIO Timber Care Polish. Apply thinly and evenly with an
       absorbent cloth. Repeat this treatment every so often. For regular cleaning
       use approx. 50 ml of BIO BIO Timber Care Polish in 5 Litres water. Use a
       damp (not dripping wet) mop. The surface can be re-coated with BIO Hard
       Floor Wax as often as desired. Every two years, remove and replace the
       wax for optimum appearance.
4   WOOD PANELLING, WOOD TRIM, DOORS, SKIRTINGS,
    BATTENS, ARCHITRAVES, WINDOWS ETC.-INTERIOR


Attention: Hardwoods and other timbers rich in natural oils, waxes, acids and
terpenes should be degreased using Bio Thinner because these substances may
mix with the varnish / oils and prolong its drying time. Let dry for 24 hours.


4.1 VARNISH FINISH
   BIO All Purpose Varnish gloss or satin
   BIO Priming Oil
    a) For Softwood Only. Apply one coat of BIO Priming Oil. Remove excess oil
       with a clean cloth after 15-30 minutes.
    b) After 24 hours drying time apply one coat BIO All Purpose Varnish, thin
       down as necessary 10-20% with BIO Thinner. Let dry thoroughly for 12-24
       hours. Sand if necessary after the first coat. Apply second coat only after
       the previous has thoroughly dried.


4.2 WAX FINISH
   BIO Antique Wax
   BIO TEAK Oil
    a) Apply one coat of BIO TEAK Oil. Remove excess oil with a clean cloth after
       10 - 20 minutes.
    b) After 24 hours drying time, spread thin layer of BIO Antique Wax. Polish
       after 3 - 5 hours.


4.3 OIL FINISH
   BIO Natural Wood Oil/TEAK Oil
   BIO Priming Oil
    a) For softwood only. Apply one coat of BIO Priming Oil. Remove excess oil
       with a clean cloth after 15-30 minutes.
    b) Sand if necessary after the previous coat has dried thoroughly. Then apply
       one or two coats of BIO Natural Wood Oil or BIO Teak Oil.



4.4 VARNISH-STAIN FINISH
   BIO All Purpose Varnish gloss or satin BIO Wood Varnish coloured interior
   BIO Priming Oil
    a) After 24 hours drying time apply the first coat of BIO Wood Varnish. Sand
       if necessary after the first coat. Only apply a second coat of BIO Wood
       Varnish for a stronger colour.
    b) Finish with one coat of BIO All Purpose Varnish thinned with BIO Thinner
       up to 20%.
4.5 ENAMEL FINISH
   BIO Enamel Lacquer gloss/satin water based or solvent based
   BIO Enamel Lacquer Undercoat
    a) Apply one coat of BIO Enamel Lacquer Undercoat. Let dry for 24 hours.
       Sand if necessary after the first coat
    b) If necessary thin down the second and third coat of BIO Enamel Lacquer
       white or tinted.
    c) Water based with water. Solvent Based with Bio thinner.
5   EXTERIOR
Attention: Hardwoods and other timbers rich in natural oils, waxes, acids and
terpenes should be degreased using Bio Thinner because these substances may
mix with the varnish / oils and prolong its drying time. Let dry for 24 hours.


5.1 WOOD PANELLING, DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, FRAMES,
    BEAMS, FASCIAS, GABLES, AND BOX FRAMES ETC.

5.1.1      OIL FINISH
   BIO NATURAL TIMBER OIL
    a) Apply one coat of Bio Natural Timber Oil. Remove excess oil with a clean
       cloth after 1-2 hours.
    b) Sand if necessary after the previous coat has dried thoroughly. Then apply
       one or two coats of BIO NATURAL TIMBER OIL.

5.1.2      VARNISH FINISH
   BIO WOOD VARNISH CLEAR
    a) Apply one coat of BIO Wood Primer all round before the timber being
       attached to the building framework.
    b) Apply one coat of BIO WOOD VARNISH CLEAR let dry thoroughly for 12 -
       24 hours. Sand if necessary after the first coat. Apply second and third
       coat only after the previous coat has been thoroughly dried.


5.1.3      VARNISH - STAIN FINISH
   BIO Wood Varnish coloured exterior
   BIO Wood Primer
    a) Apply one coat of BIO Wood Primer all round before the timber being
       attached to the building framework.
    b) After 24 hours drying time apply the first coat of BIO Wood Varnish. Let
       dry thoroughly. Sand if necessary after the first coat. Apply the second
       only after the previous coat is dry. Apply a third coat on very absorbent or
       rough sawn timber.

5.1.4      ENAMEL FINISH
   Enamel Lacquer
   Enamel Lacquer Undercoat gloss/satin solvent based
    a) Apply one coat of BIO Enamel Lacquer Undercoat Let dry for 24 hours.
       Sand if necessary.
    b) Now apply two coats of BIO Enamel Lacquer white or tinted.
       Thin down : Solvent based with Bio thinner

5.2 FENCES, PERGOLAS, BALUSTRADES, POSTS, GAZEBOS.

5.2.1      VARNISH
   BIO Wood Varnish
    a) Apply three coats of BIO Wood Varnish. Let dry thoroughly in between.
    b) Timber in contact with the soil should be treated with BIO Wood Varnish
       up to 30cms above the ground.
5.2.2      VARNISH - STAIN FINISH
   BIO Wood Varnish coloured
   BIO Wood Primer
    a) Apply one coat of BIO Wood Primer all around before the timber being
       attached to the building framework.
    b) After 24 hours drying time apply the first coat of BIO Wood Varnish. Let
       dry thoroughly. Sand if necessary after the first coat. Apply the second
       coat only after the previous is dry. Apply a third coat on very absorbent or
       rough sawn timber.
6   FURNITURE, TOYS
Natural materials give off particular odours, which may be unpleasant to some
people. We recommend a light airing after painting, until these odours dissipate.
Inner surfaces of furniture should be treated with BIO Antique Wax or BIO
Japanese Seedlac as varnishes or oils may develop lasting odours.

Attention: Hardwoods and other timbers rich in natural oils, waxes, acids and
terpenes should be degreased using Bio Thinner because these substances may
mix with the varnish / oils and prolong its drying time. Let dry for 24 hours.


6.1 TIMBER ENHANCEMENT
Light timber - Use BIO Natural Wood Oil
Darker Timber - Use BIO Red Oil working it well into the grain. Remove excess oil
with a clean cloth after 15-30 minutes.


6.1.1      VARNISH FINISH
   BIO All Purpose Varnish interior gloss or satin
    a) Apply two coats of BIO All Purpose Varnish interior gloss or satin thinned
       down with 10-20% BIO Thinner. Drying time in between 24 hours.


6.1.2      WAX FINISH
   BIO Antique Wax
   BIO Teak Oil
    a) Apply one coat of BIO Teak Oil. Remove excess oil with a clean cloth after
       10 - 20 minutes.
    b) After 24 hours drying time, spread a thin layer of BIO Antique Wax. Polish
       after 6-12 hours with a clean cloth. The surface can be re- coated as often
       as desired.


6.1.3      OIL FINISH
   BIO Priming Oil BIO Natural Wood Oil/Teak Oil
    a) Apply one coat of BIO Priming Oil. Remove the excess oil with a clean cloth
       after 15-30 minutes.
    b) After 24 hours drying time sand if necessary. Now apply one or several
       coats of BIO Natural Wood Oil or BIO Teak Oil until finish is satisfactory.
       Every coat must be dry. Wait as long as possible before applying the next
       coat. Always remove the excess oil with a clean cloth after 10-30 minutes.
    c) A thin layer of BIO Antique Wax as a finishing coat will strengthen the
       coating system.


6.1.4      VARNISH - STAIN FINISH
   BIO Wood Varnish coloured
    a) Apply two coats of BIO Wood Varnish coloured. Sand if necessary after the
       first coat. For fewer colours apply only one coat BIO Wood Varnish
       coloured and one coat BIO All Purpose Varnish interior. Let dry in between
       for 24 hours.
6.1.5      ENAMEL FINISH
   BIO Enamel Lacquer white or coloured / gloss or satin / water based or
    solvent based
   BIO Enamel Lacquer Undercoat
    a) Apply one coat of BIO Enamel Lacquer Undercoat.
    b) After 24 hours drying time apply one or two coats of BIO Enamel Lacquer
       white or coloured.
       Thin down : Water based with water
                    Solvent based with Biothinner


6.1.6      FRENCH POLISH FINISH
   BIO Japanese Seedlac
ATTENTION: If an oil is used as a primer or enhancement please make sure that it
has dried thoroughly before using BIO Japanese Seedlac.

    a) Brush, spray or rub. Apply several coats to achieve a high sheen. Let
       harden in between coats for at least 4 hours. Cut back with very fine steel
       wool before re-coating.
    b) 24 hours after the last coat has been applied a thin layer of BIO Antique
       Wax will strengthen the coating system.
7   METAL SURFACES INTERIOR/EXTERIOR

7.1 ENAMEL FINISH
   Metal Primer
   BIO Enamel Lacquer white or coloured
    a) Apply two coats of Metal Primer thinly and evenly. Sand between coats
       lightly after each coat is completely dry.
    b) After 24 hours drying time apply two coats of BIO Enamel Lacquer white or
       coloured.
    P.S.: BIO Enamel Lacquer and Undercoat are suitable for steel, aluminium,
    brass and copper, but not for zinc and galvanised surfaces.
8   WALLS AND CEILINGS - INTERIOR - SET PLASTER,
    GYPROCK, MUDBRICK, RAMMED EARTH, BRICKS,
    TIMBERWALLS



8.1 MATT FINISH
   BIO Wall Primer
   Bio Wall Paint H.D. white or tinted
Surface Preparation: Examine the plaster for cracks or marks. Fill small hairline
cracks with speckling material; fill larger cracks with special patching plaster.
Sand lightly when dry for a smooth surface. Sandpaper over old gloss or semi
gloss paint to get good adhesion for the new paint.

Clean the surface to remove dirt, oil, grease, rust and flaking paint. Remove
hardware from doors and windows and loosen light fixture bases or cover these
areas with masking tape and scraps of paper or cloth.

    a) Porous, absorbent, crumbly and sandy surfaces must be primed with BIO
       Wall Primer. Let dry for 12-24 hours. New alkaline surfaces must be at
       least 6 weeks old or use a special primer for alkaline surfaces.
    b) Apply two coats of BIO Wall Paint. New Gyprock surfaces need two or three
       coats initially.


8.1.1 TIMBER WALLS AND CEILINGS

       Bio enamel Lacquer. Undercoat water based 1 coat
       Bio Wall paint H.D White or tinted two coats


8.2 LAZURE FINISH
    a) Porous, absorbent, crumbly and sandy surfaces must be primed with BIO
       Wall Primer. Let dry for 24 hours. New alkaline surfaces must be at least 6
       weeks old or use a special primer for Alkaline surfaces.
    b) Apply one coat of BIO Wall Paint.
    c) Apply as many coats of BIO Lazure Paint as it is necessary for the desired
       finish.
    d) Final clear coat with BIO Lazure Paint
8.3 HOW MUCH PAINT YOU NEED
Litres needed for walls for one coat

                Distances around room in metres

Height of
                  10m      12m         14m   16m   18m   20m   22m   24m
ceiling

    2,2 m           2       2.6        3.1   3.5    4    4.5   4.8    5

    2,5 m          2.5       3         3.5    4    4.5    5    5.5    6

    2.8 m          2.8      3.4        3.9   4.5    5    5.6   6.2   6.7

    3.1 m          3.1      3.7        5.2    5    5.6   6.2   7.1   7.5



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