Ladders always a step up in the U.S.A. OSHA 29 CFR 1910.25-27 OSHA 29 CFR 1926.105 Basic Concepts • Cages do NOT arrest falls. Ladder climbing devices are designed for that purpose. • Manufacturers of portable ladders have detailed rules for use of their equipment • Stair rails are for fall protection, handrails are to prevent slipping on stairs. Something to Think About • Most fatalities involving ladders occur BELOW ten feet! • Think about that for a minute! Above ten feet we usually tend to be more cautious, but we need be just as cautious at lower levels! Yes…It CAN Happen to You! Ladder Types • Extension ladders • Step ladders/stools • Portable ladders • Custom made ladders Extension Ladders • Extension ladders can reach up to 60 feet • May be used to get to the platform, or as the work platform itself Extension Ladders Now, take a look at the picture – what’s wrong?? Workers in the background are working over 6 feet high, which requires fall protection (which they don’t have!!) Extension Ladders Common to find extension ladders and step ladders on the same job site Step Ladders • Designed to hold a maximum load of 250 pounds (this includes the worker, tools, etc.) • Do NOT use top as a step! Portable Ladders • Must extend at least 3 feet (36”) past the landing or working surface • Use ladders angled at a 1 to 4 (1:4) ratio Portable Ladders • Rungs must be spaced evenly and be between 10 and 14 inches apart • Do NOT use metal ladders when working on or near electricity Custom-Made Ladders • Custom made (or Job) ladders can be used as long as they meet the design criteria • Should be n custom ladders at the City Basic Usage Guidelines • Ladders must extend 3 feet past the working level • This makes it easy to step off the ladder onto the working surface Basic Usage Guidelines Good ladder use: • One man on the ladder • One many holding base Basic Usage Guidelines • Even in excavations, ladders must be used correctly • Ladders must extend 3 feet past working surface (this is a general standard) Basic Usage Guidelines Basic Usage Guidelines Improper use of a stepladder One to Four • One foot from the wall for every four feet you want to go up •1 to 4 Basic Usage Guidelines What’s Wrong?? Angle of the ladder is not correct (remember 1:4) Basic Usage Guidelines How many things can you find wrong with what this guy is doing?? Basic Usage Guidelines Well, at least he has someone holding the bottom ladder for him! Basic Usage Guidelines Ladder Inspection and Care Ladders must not have missing or broken parts No repairs using tape is allowed Ladder Inspection and Care Inspect ladders for damage EVERY time you use them Ladder Inspection and Care Remove damaged ladders from service immediately by: •Tagging them out And/Or •Cutting them in half (best to cut the rungs) Ladder Inspection and Care This ladder was being used when it just collapsed and folded “like licorice” Was it inspected? Could this have been prevented? Summary • Proper use of ladders • Proper care of ladders • Ladder hazards • Ladder inspection and storage • Ladder and stair safety • OSHA and Your Company Requirements Houdini Any final questions??