ADHD By Frank Capria How transmitted − ADHD tends to run in the family 1 − − Occasionally it has been mutated 1 Although no one is certain how the disease is transmitted. It has been noted there is the tendency that it has been transmitted through the family. 1 Symptoms − − − Trouble paying attention: Those diagnosed with ADHD find it harder to concentrate 2 Trouble sitting still: Children will tend to fidget, while adults and teenagers will have a hard time enjoying quiet events 2 Act before think: These people will more often than not be louder than others, and also quicker to being angry. Children have harder times making friends, and adults will make long-term decisions like spending too much money or changing jobs often. 2 Symptoms (Continued) − − − Adults with ADHD are less likely to enter and graduate college 2 Adults often forget things, and become creative and curious 2 People with ADHD are more likely to divorce and had substance abuse problems 2 Treatment/Cure − − − Currently there is no cure for ADHD 2 Treatments may include medicine (ritolin) and behavior therapy 2 The medicines contain side effects that include loss of appetite, sleep, and may gain headaches and stomachaches2 Diagnosed − − Age 6-12 is the most common range when people are diagnosed. Teachers often find the symptoms in this age range 2 Children take a physical exam to make sure there is no learning disability, depression, or anxiety disorder. 2 − Teachers and parents may have to do a written report 2 Risk Factors − − − − − A mother’s use of cigarettes, alcohol, and other drugs may increase the risk of ADHD 3 Drugs may also bring the symptoms of ADHD to the child 3 Foods with high sugar and additives have not been proven to be a cause in ADHD 3 Restricted diets only help 5% of people with ADHD 3 Parts of the brain develop normally but 3 years later than those without 3 Misconception There are myths to ADHD that have been proven wrong. For example: Myth: ADHD is caused by bad parenting Fact: ADHD’s symptoms can be affected by parenting, but are not the cause. 4 Myth: There is no such medical condition as ADHD Fact: ADHD is a medical disorder, not a condition of the child's will. A child with ADHD does not choose to misbehave. 4 Misconception (continued) Myth: Children outgrow it Fact: About 70% to 80% of children with ADHD continue to have symptoms during their teen years and about 50% have symptoms into adulthood. 4 Myth: Children with ADHD are learning to use the condition as an excuse for their behavior. Fact: Children with ADHD are learning to use the condition as an excuse for their behavior. 4 Sources http://www.health.com/health/condition-article/0,,2025 (1) http://www.health.com/health/condition-section/0,,202 (2) http://www.health.com/health/condition-article/0,,2025 (3) http://www.health.com/health/condition-article/0,,2025 (4) Source's Source Robin AL (1999). Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in adolescents: Common pediatric concerns. Pediatric Clinics of North America, 46(5): 1027–1038. American Psychiatric Association (2000). Attention-deficit and disruptive behavior disorders. In Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed., text rev., pp. 85–103. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association. Brown RT, et al. (2001). Prevalence and assessment of attentiondeficit/hyperactivity disorder in primary care settings. Pediatrics, 107(3): 1–11. National Institute of Mental Health (2003). Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (NIH Publication No. 03-3572). Available online: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/publicat/adhd.cfm.