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Artificial Intelligence - Download Now PowerPoint by pcherukumalla

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									ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
   Intelligence Behavior
  the ability to learn from experiences and
      apply knowledge acquired from
   experience, handle complex situations,
      solve problems when important
 information is missing, determine what is
important, react quickly and correctly to a
 new situation, understand visual images,
    process and manipulate symbols, be
     creative and imaginative, and use
                   heuristics.
           Turing Test
(developed by Alan Turing, a British Mathematician)

       attempts to determine
    whether the responses from a
      computer with intelligent
   behavior are indistinguishable
   from responses from a human.
Specific characteristics of intelligent behavior:

1. Learn from experience and apply the knowledge
   acquired from experience.
2. Handle complex situations.
3. Solve problems when important information is
   missing.
4. Determine what is important.
Specific characteristics of intelligent behavior:

 5. React quickly and correctly to a new situation.
 6. Understand visual images.
 7. Process and manipulate symbols.
 8. Be creative and imaginative.
 9. Use heuristics.
 The difference between Natural and Artificial Intelligence
                             Attributes                               Natural        Artificial
                                                                      Intelligence   Intelligence
                                                                      (Human)        (Machine)

The ability to use sensors (eyes, ears, touch, smell)                 HIGH           LOW
The ability to be creative and imaginative                            HIGH           LOW
The ability to learn from experience                                  HIGH           LOW
The ability to be adaptive                                            HIGH           LOW
The ability to afford the cost of acquiring intelligence              HIGH           LOW
The ability to use a variety of information source                    HIGH           HIGH
The ability to acquire large amount of external information           HIGH           HIGH
The ability to make complex calculations                              LOW            HIGH
The ability to transfer information                                   LOW            HIGH
The ability to make a series of calculations rapidly and accurately   LOW            HIGH
     Major Branches of
    Artificial Intelligence



            VISION       LEARNING
           SYSTEMS        SYSTEMS

ROBOTICS
                                                EXPERT
                                               SYSTEMS


                                     NEURAL
            NATURAL LANGUAGE        NETWORKS
               PROCESSING
  Major Branches of Artificial Intelligence
1. Robotics
Involve developing
mechanical or computer
devices that perform tasks
requiring a high degree of
precision or that are
hazardous for humans.
The Rover was a remote-controlled robot used by
      NASA to explore the surface of Mars.
        Lucy
an orangutan robot, was a
 pure research project to
    develop some novel
     theories about the
  fundamental operating
  principles of the brain.
2. Vision Systems
Include hardware and
software that permit
computers to capture,
store, and manipulate
visual images and pictures.
3. Natural language processing
Computers understand and react to statements
and commands made in a “natural” language,
such as English.
4. Learning system
Computer changes how it functions or reacts to
situations based on feedback.


5. Neural network
Computer system that can act like or simulate
the functioning of the human brain.
6. Expert Systems
Consists of hardware and software that
stores knowledge and makes inferences,
similar to a human expert.

(will be discuss by the next reporter)
Presented by: Eiman Nahudan

								
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