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Infrared and Ultrasonic

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					   Infrared & Ultrasound

    Two Proven Technologies
‘To Help Keep Your Plant Running’
Increase your Equipment Reliability
                with
    Infrared Technology
               What is Infrared?




Infrared is a form of electromagnetic radiation
Everything above -273 oC (absolute zero) emits infrared radiation
The heat we feel from the sun is infrared energy
Advantages of Infrared

 Allows you to ‘see’ heat
 Cost effective
 Fast, non-invasive & safe to implement
 Minimal downtime as a result of electrical and
 mechanical problems
 Effective prioritization of repairs
 Improved employee safety
 Energy savings
 Wide range of applications
             The Infrared Camera




The Infrared Camera sees the total energy emitted by an object
and translates it to temperature.
Infrared Image Interpretation

          Emmissivity
         Infrared Thermometer
A common misapplication of the
Infrared Thermometer relates to
its Distance-to-Spot Ratio.

The size of the laser spot is
not the size of the actual area
being measured.

A typical D:S ratio of 12:1 means
the area of measurement’s diameter is
1’ if you are 12’ away from the object
being measured.
Industrial Infrared Applications

 Bearings
 Electrical Panels
 Transformers
 Motors & Drives
 Compressors & Pumps
 Power Supplies
 Floor Heat
 Liquid Storage
 HVAC, Computers & more…
Other Infrared Applications

     Home & Building Heat Loss
     Veterinary
     Medical
     Search & Rescue
     Fire & Heat Detection
     Security
     Moisture & Water Leak Detection
     Plumbing Blockages
     Animal or Insect Infestations
     Aviation & Marine
Increase your Equipment Reliability
                with
  Ultrasound Technology
            What is Ultrasound?




Human range (16Hz to 18KHz)
Industry Applied range (20KHz to 100KHz) is Heterodyned for
Audible Human range
Diagnostic Ultrasound is for Medical Imaging
Advantages of Ultrasound

 Directional & Locatable
 Useful in Many Environments
 Early Warning Failure Indication
 Wide Range of Applications
 Supports Other Technologies
            The Ultrasonic Probe




An Ultrasonic Probe hears electrical & mechanical problems as
well as airborne disturbances.
PF-Curve
           Ultrasonic Applications

Pressure & Vacuum Leaks      Mechanical Inspection
Compressed Air & Gas Leaks   Bearings
Heat Exchangers              Lubrication Problems
Boilers & Condensers         Pumps & Motors
Tanks & Pipes                Gears & Gear Boxes
Valves & Steam Traps         Fans
                             Compressors
Electrical Equipment         Conveyors
Switchgears
Transformers                 Automotive
Insulators                   Rail
Junction Boxes               Marine
Circuit Breakers             Aviation
Application Groups


Leak Detection
Electrical Inspection
Mechanical Inspection
Ultrasonic Leak Detection


   Compressed Air Systems
   Specialty Gases - Argon, Nitrogen, Oxygen
   Underground/ Behind Walls
   Vacuum Leaks
   Valves & Steam Traps
           Estimating Air Loss Costs
                        Orifice Diameter (fractional & thousands)
               1/64"           1/32"              1/16"               1/8"
 PSI at         16               31                63                 125
 Orifice                    Discharge in cu-ft/min of free air
   70          0.300           1.20              4.79                 19.2
   80          0.335           1.34              5.36                 21.4
   90          0.370           1.48              5.92                 23.7
  100          0.406           1.62              6.49                 26.0


 $/MCF        MCF/day         $/day              $/yr               30 leaks
  0.08         2.1312         $0.17             $62.23              $1,866.93


@ 90 PSI       1/64"          1/32"             1/16"                 1/8"
 $/Day         $0.02          $0.17             $0.68                $2.73
 $/Year        $15.56         $62.23           $248.92              $996.54
                Underground Leaks

Ultrasonics along with Infrared
Imaging has successfully
located Floor Heating System
leaks embedded in 8” of
concrete
Heating loops were mapped on
floor.
The line was pressurized with
air to 50 psi so the Ultrasonics
could pinpoint the leak for
quick repair.
           Valves & Steam Traps

Valves Effect Flow; Leakage
can effect the efficiency of
the system
Determine if the valve flow is
upstream or downstream
Test all types of valves, even
while operational.
Determine if a trap is
operating properly.
    Bad Compressor Valve


Good Valve




Bad Valve
     Inverted Bucket Trap


Normal Trap




Failed Open
Ultrasonic Electrical Inspection

     Inspect enclosed systems while
     energized
     Scan switchgear ‘before’ opening to
     inspect with infrared
        Prevent ‘Arc Flash’ injury
        Sort equipment for further
        inspection
Electrical Equipment

    Switchgear
    Transformers
    Insulators
    Relays
    Breakers
    Power Supplies
               Arc Flash

Arc flash can kill.
There are many causes of arc flash. It can occur in
any electrical equipment regardless of voltage.
There are conditions, that produce the potential for
arc flash within enclosed cabinets, that can be
detected before flashover or arc flash incidents can
occur.
These conditions are arcing, tracking and corona.
                Arc Flash Conditions

 Corona
Only occurs at 1000V or higher, and is
undetectable by infrared inspection.


 Tracking
Destructive dielectric breakdown that
results in a fault in the insulator.

  Arcing
The main concern in low voltage
systems
       Transformers & Power Supplies
                                      FFT (dB vs frequency)

High Voltage Components are
well enclosed, making for poor
or sometimes impossible infrared
    Good
inspectionTransformer
   Loose Transformer
   Good Power Supply               Time Series   (dB vs seconds)

   Shorting Supply
Ultrasonic Mechanical Inspection


      Slow Speed Bearings
      Condition Based Lubrication
      Historical Trending
       Bearing Inspection
Very effective on Slow Speed Applications
Types of testing performed
   Comparison
   Historical Trending
   Spectrum Analysis
          Bearing Testing


Good Bearing
Suspect Bearing
Receiving Lubrication
3 min. Post Lubrication
             Levels of Severity

          Base on dB level above baseline

8 dB      Lubrication Required
12 dB     Minor Damage (microscopic
faults)
16 dB     Damage (Visual faults)
35+dB     Failure Imminent
Ultrasonic Grease Caddy
             redIRIS
     infrared & ultrasonic inspections


Seeing the World in a Different Light
                     &
      Hearing Your Concerns
 Infrared & Ultrasound Services

Onsite Inspections
      Scheduled visits
      Baselines readings after bearing & equipment installs
      Historical trending & reporting
Fixed Applications
      Permanent device applications
      PLC & PC Tie-ins
      Alarming, Trending & Reporting
Equipment Sales & Training
  Contact Information

Office – 250 998 4546
Mobile – 250 640 7834
e-mail – hmogus@rediris.ca or info@rediris.ca
Web – www.rediris.ca or www.redirisltd.com

				
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