Web Hosting Guide for Beginner

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Web Hosting Guide for Beginner Powered By Docstoc
					Web Hosting Guide for Beginner

Written by SY Ho
Saturday, 16 January 2010 13:33

 First and foremost, for non-IT savvy, it might be a little tough for them to comprehend the
meaning of web hosting. I believe if you search it on any search engine, of course there will be
answer and explanation for them. But, how far do you really understand? Honestly, when I first
get to know this term few years back, I had problem understanding myself. Then, I found one
simple explanation that might be easy for people to understand. So, today, if anyone were to
ask me what is "web hosting", i'd explain as follows... Imagine you are homeless and you want
to rent a room or buy a house. In order to get a shelter for yourself, you need a room. So, you
imagine yourself as the website and the room as the hosting that you need to place yourself in.
That means your website need a web hosting. Then, that's the time you start finding yourself a
web hosting provider. Here, web hosting provider would be the house owner who rents you the
room. So, in order for your website to be available and browsed by Internet users, you need to
make sure your website is hosted in a web server provided by a web hosting provider. So,
when you finally understand what web hosting is, next will be the time to find out more about the
different types of web hosting available. You have shared hosting, dedicated hosting, reseller
hosting, VPS hosting, and colocation hosting. You name it, the Internet has it! So many to
remember and differentiate..so, let's get the ball rolling with... Shared Hosting Shared hosting
means that a web server has its resources shared by many other websites. Or you can put it as,
in a house, there are many tenants. Usually small or normal e-commerce businesses will
choose this type of hosting. Websites with high traffic might not be able to choose this type of
hosting due to insufficient webspace. Dedicated Hosting
Dedicated hosting refers to hosting in which you rent a server from your web hosting provider
and will be placed at your web hosting provider's datacentre. They will provide software
installation and connection to Internet. This will indicates that the website owner has control
over the server as they don't share it with other websites. In short, dedicated hosting is where
only 1 user hosted on the server machine and have a full privilege over the server to manage it
by themself. The server machine will be still belongs to the web hosting provider. Colocation
Hosting
Well, this hosting has the features which are almost the same as dedicated hosting EXCEPT
that you provide your own server and web hosting provider just help you to plug it into their
datacentre. You need to install own software and hardwares. Everything is DIY. Reseller
Hosting
Reseller Hosting is a hosting where the account owner has the priviledge to allocate the
webspace and bandwidth access and resell them to his clients. This shows that reseller hosts
act like a middleman and is usually not responsible for any software or hardware intallation.
They only buy webspace and resell to clients. VPS Hosting
VPS stands for Virtual Private Server. It is almost the same as dedicated server. Hence, it's
sometimes called Virtual Dedicated Server. Generally, it means that the account owner has the
feeling as though his owns a dedicated server. In real sense, it's actually separating a physical
server into several independent hosting spaces or VPS-es, each isolated from the other. This
will allow you to create and manage multiple sites and domains and take full control of your VPS
with root/administrator access which allows you to access the virtual hard disk, RAM and to
reboot your private server independently from other VPS-es. Domain Name
After we are done with the different types of hosting, there is something else which I want to
touch on. It is none other than the "domain name". So, ever wonder what is domain name?
Wow, sounds technical? Not really actually. Don't be scared. Last time, when I saw the words
domain name, it freaked me out too. Now, when I got used to it, it's not that nerve-wracking



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Web Hosting Guide for Beginner

Written by SY Ho
Saturday, 16 January 2010 13:33

after all. So, domain name is just the normal web address or url (Uniform Resource Locator)
you type in the "address" area when you open a browser. Examples of domain name are
"exabytes.com". You know? Just the normal web address. Well, since it's a web address, it's a
unique name. Hence, there will be no other same domain name. In fact, domain name is
actually corresponding with numeric IP address. So, every domain name will have its numeric
IP address. For example, the IP address for exabytes.com is 72.18.131.206 When you see
exabytes.com, ever wonder ".com" stands for what? It actually stands for commercial.
Whenever you see .com, .org, .net or others which ends after the final dot or period (.) of a url, it
is known as top-level domain. It actually tells you what kind of website it is, indirectly. And the
commonly used domain name extension nowadays will be .org, .net, .com. However, there are
a lot of new domain extension up for grab lately such as .aero, .info, .museum, and .name. Next
in the list that I shall explain is, Country Level Domain Name. Examples of country level domain
name is exabytes.com.my. It has ".my" as its country code top-level domain (ccTLD). .my here
represents the country "Malaysia". Of course, different country will have different ccTLD. For
example, .jp stands for Japan, .au for Australia, .ca for Canada. There are more to learn in
order to excel in web hosting industry. Hopefully this simple guide will help all those novice out
there. There are other things you need to know as well. But, it will be in my next article. Cheers!




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