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Pollara focus group report - www.changefoundation.ca

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									 Exploring Patient and Caregiver Perspectives

on Integration in the Ontario Health-care System

            Research conducted by Pollara Inc.


                 The Change Foundation
                       June 2008
       Notes
This is an edited version of the report referenced in “Who is the Puzzle maker?:
    Patient/caregiver Perspectives on Navigating Health Services in Ontario” , The Change
    Foundation Health Integration Report, June 2008.

Reference to data on page 10, 81 can be found on page 45 in this version;

Reference to data on page 9, 77 can be found on page 41 in this version;

Reference to data on page 79 can be found on page 43 in this version; and

Reference to data on page 73 can be found on page 37 in this version.
        Objectives

The purpose of this research project was to obtain patient and caregiver experiences and
views of integration in Ontario’s health-care system.


Specific objectives:
→ Explore what patients and caregivers value and dislike about their experiences with the current system;
→ Find out what patients and caregivers recommend to ease navigation through the system;
→ Generate ideas about what indicators best capture integration from a patient perspective.
      Context
→ The Change Foundation issued an RFP and contracted Pollara Inc. to conduct focus
  groups with patients and caregivers of patients who are high users of the health system.
→ Pollara Inc. allowed The Change Foundation to include additional questions to their on-
  line Ontario general population surveys.

The following presentation summarizes the key findings and analysis of the:


     Focus Groups of Patients and Caregivers
     General Population Survey
A. Focus Groups of Patients and Caregivers
       Methodology – Qualitative Phase
A total of ten 90-minute focus groups were held across Ontario between March 26th and April 9th, 2008
with 100 patients and caregivers:

      Toronto (2 patient groups);
      Ottawa (2 patient groups);
      Kingston (1 patient and 1 caregiver group);
      Sudbury (1 patient and 1 caregiver French language groups);
      Ingersoll (1 patient and 1 caregiver group).

The above locations were chosen in order to represent Ontario’s large metropolitan areas (Toronto and
Ottawa), a smaller community with a teaching hospital (Kingston), a small community with no teaching
hospital (Ingersoll), and a Francophone community (Sudbury).
        Methodology – Qualitative Phase (Cont’d)
Patients were men and women aged 18 or older (within the past 12 months) with a minimum of 6
interactions with the health-care system, including at least one interaction involving a provider or service
besides a family doctor and specialist.

Caregivers were men and women aged 18 or older who had accompanied a friend or family member (who
met the above criteria) to medical appointments and felt that they could speak to this person’s experiences
with the system.
Key Findings and Analysis:
       Qualitative
       Collaboration Between Health-care Providers
Few patient participants were treated by an organized, multi-disciplinary health team and therefore,
   had difficulty distinguishing collaboration from communication between their various health-
   care providers:

    “In my experience, I must say, the communication between my GP and my family grouping and the
    specialist has been very good.”

    “Well, my GP refers a specialist with whom he already as a good relationship. So when there is an
    issue he‟s in regular contact with those specialists where, you know, as appropriate. So the
    information is two way and I think that‟s an effective system. And it‟s unfortunate for those of you who
    don‟t have GPs who have those established relationships.”

    “…I would say that all of my doctors, and I‟ve got an awful lot of them, they‟re all about the same age
    and they all went to school together. I never wait for CT scans or MRIs…So I think maybe that I have
    latched into a good network.”

Patient participants whose family doctor works at a community health clinic or as part of a multi-
    disciplinary health team report greater collaboration between their health-care providers.
        Consistency of Health-care Providers
Patient and caregiver participants expressed a preference for consistency and reported few
    problems maintaining long-term relationships with their health-care providers except
    during in-patient hospital stays.

    “I think it‟s extremely important to establish an ongoing relationship with your family doctor…When
    you‟re sick, you‟ll see anybody, let‟s be honest, right?…but on a regular basis you want to see
    someone who has a vested interest in you as a person and the only way you‟re gonna do that is to
    establish an ongoing relationship with the doctor. In my case, I‟m fortunate to have a family doctor in a
    highly automated clinic. Records are there at the click of a mouse button.”
Both in and out of the hospital setting, once a lot of different health-care providers get
   involved in a person’s case, patient and caregiver participants reported becoming
   confused about who is making decisions about their care.

    “It will come out that he or she doesn‟t agree with the test results. And this is when you‟re sent for
    more tests, you‟re adding more doctors or specialists…and then you really sit back and you have to
    think to yourself from time-to-time, 'Well, who is the puzzle maker? Who‟s getting all these pieces and
    putting them together?'”

    “I counted one day…22 different people came into my little room and did this that and the other. I‟d
    have to say they all did it very well, but I scratched my head and wondered, 'Jesus, who‟s in charge?'
    Is this the way to run a railroad? And maybe it is, but it seems a little curious to me.”
       Communication Between Providers
Most patient and caregiver participants could recall at least one situation in which there were
   gaps in communication between health-care providers and/or institutions.

   “I think there is a wide gap between the, like the communication between the doctors, the family doctor
   and whatever specialist. You‟ve got to push. You have to push; otherwise you won‟t get your work
   done. You‟ve got to run around, do your own thing if you want to get your work done. I think they…it‟s
   like 'I don‟t care about you.'”

   “It‟s fine when you‟re with the specialist and you‟re talking and everything else. But I don‟t have the
   expertise that I can relate it to my GP. So my expectations are it will be provided and it was different
   getting back.”

   “…the doctors within the hospital worked extremely well together and integrated extremely well. They
   do not necessarily share it with the family doctors who are outside the institutions.”
   Communication Between Providers (Cont’d)
“Midwives were giving copies of all the medical records to my family doctor, to the [hospital‟s]
doctors. The [hospital‟s] doctors would only send information to my family doctor, despite the fact
that midwives were handling my care at the time. They didn‟t want to communicate with the
midwives, which really bothered me.”



“…I found that we needed to repeat our history to each person. You could see four people on this
day, then you needed to start over again, then it was the same, as if they did not know our case.”


“They were supposed to call a specialist for me and I went back 6 months later for a physical and
nobody had called anybody yet. 'Oh, you forgot about that.'”
       Need to Repeat Case Information
Patient participants report frequently having to reiterate their situation each time they encounter a
    new health-care provider, even within the same institution:

    “Well, one of the things is the communication between the triage and the doctor. Like you‟re spilling
    your guts out to the triage nurse only to spill it back out to the nurse practitioner only to be referred to
    the doctor, while you‟re waiting through the emergency. Like, you‟re spilling it three times, so you
    kinda get worn down, you‟re broken down, you know, by that time and also you‟re really not telling the
    doctor by that time, I mean, everything that you told to the triage when you were really excited four
    hours earlier.”


    “Since November I think that I have told my history with my daughter, if not 500 times, then not once.”
      Need to Repeat Diagnostic Tests
A few patient participants reported having to repeat the same tests for different health-care
    providers. This is a minor problem most believe could be overcome with electronic health
    records:

   “When I had cancer, when I went to my own personal doctor, when I went to the hospital, the same
   blood tests were taken over and over again. I was just a…there is no reason that that can‟t be put
   online. And…available. The same with drugs. There should be a central registry for drugs that you
   wouldn‟t have to go to your doctor…or to your hospital to get the drugs, because push a button with
   your SIN number and you can find out what drugs you‟re on and a specialist would know what it is.
   What the problem is…”

   “…the urologists are on one side of this kind of, the nephrologist on the other side and they share a
   secretarial pool in the middle. They would both request the same tests for one child on different days
   at different times. So he‟d get blood work twice and this became a real problem „till I put my foot down
   and said, 'You guys need to figure this out because this is unacceptable. There is no reason for him to
   be getting blood drawn twice for the same reason when you work in the same office.'”
       Family Doctor’s Awareness of Health System
       Interactions
Many patient participants reported that their doctor was not kept informed about all of their
   interactions with the health-care system. Walk-in clinics and hospitals, in particular, rarely
   send patients’ records back to their family doctors:

   “Occasionally I go to a walk-in clinic, because my doctor is hard to get to sometimes, and this one is
   close to home. So once in a while I go there and they never, never send the information to my own
   doctor. And that‟s not right.”

   “…I thought the hospitals had to…that‟s why they ask you, 'Who‟s your GP?' 'What‟s their phone
   number?', because I assumed that they have a file or some sort of a directory and they know to send
   that information on to the doctor. That‟s what I assumed. But I was assuming incorrectly.”

   “I went to the hospital, I specifically asked them to send it to my doctor. They told me my doctor had to
   fax in a written request for that paperwork, for that file.”
       Transmission of Personal Records Through the System
Patient participants frequently reported having to take responsibility for getting their records from
    one provider or institution to another:

    “…when I went to my doctor he said, 'I haven‟t been notified…I need the forms and I need to know
    what happened.' And so I phoned the hospital and they would not, at that point, send them to my
    doctor so I had to go and get them.”

    “There was a little breakdown, I thought, between the family doctor and the OB not getting my test
    results fast enough…I actually had to go myself to the doctor‟s office, get the results, go drive back to
    the specialist.”

    “I‟ve gone for my follow-up appointment and the receptionist has had to find it in the pile. He hasn‟t
    looked for it yet.”

    “I give them all the phone numbers. I carry the phone numbers with me for the doctor in the States, my
    family doctor, my medical specialist in London, and I make sure they send copies to everybody.
    Sometimes they do and sometimes they don‟t.”
       Transmission of Personal Records Through the System
       (Cont’d)
The patient participants also pointed out that they generally cannot be certain that their records and
    test results have been sent from one provider to another since most physicians have a policy
    only to notify patients if there is a problem:

    “But when tests come in to my doctor, there‟s kind of a negative option. If that‟s the right thing that he
    says. 'We‟re gonna give you a call if there‟s anything in the tests.' And so I don‟t know if he‟s received
    the tests unless I call back and ask that.”

    “If you do not intend to talk to your doctor, it is because all is well. But you can always think, 'Was that
    seen?' 'Were there any errors?'”
       Health-care Providers Receive Test Results in Timely
       Manner
One patient reported that the doctor received his test results but did not look at them in a timely
   manner:

    “I just happened to ask and then she [nurse] looked at it and says, 'Oh yeah, you better see the doctor
    when you go back.' So it‟s like, you know, what‟s up with that? You know, who‟s actually looking at
    these results when they come in?”
Another patient had to wait 7 months to get the results of his tests because he was not able to get in to see
    his cardiologist sooner:

    “You know, like I didn‟t have to have the cardiologist there to give me the results of the tests. I could
    have had, you know, a nurse practitioner. I could have had somebody else who was available…Like I
    mean they should be working within teams within their own units.”
       Transition Point Concerns
A number of participants experienced situations where they were expected to act as caregivers for
    their loved ones upon their discharge from the hospital, regardless of their circumstances:

    “When dealing with hospitals, they are very quick to release a patient. You have that initial care…but
    once that‟s been addressed they are very quick to release you. And not always with the proper follow-
    up. You know, with my father, I was very glad I was there because he‟s not always on the ball. They
    asked him, 'Is there someone at home who could take care of you?' And he said, 'Yes, my wife.'…So I
    said, 'Dad!'. You know, my mother‟s blind, my mother has mobility issues. And you know, in his mind,
    he‟s thinking, 'Well she brings me a cup of tea once in a while.' You know, so in the condition he was
    in at the time I said, 'He cannot come home.' So they told me I was the primary care-giver!”

    “Like you have to be very careful at the hospital when you have a relative. Don‟t say, for example, you
    are working at home. That was my case. Because immediately they don‟t give you any support,
    because you are a woman, you are a relative and you are obliged to take care of them at home.”
      Transition Point Concerns (Cont’d)
According to the participants, arrangements for home care are usually left to the patients
   themselves or their caregivers, who found it difficult to access the necessary information
   and difficult to coordinate the logistics:

   “…it‟s not something where we know where to go or how to do it.   There‟s no info campaign to tell us.
   We just, oh oh, I gotta get my mother…and then you start reading up…”

   “No I had to do a lot of digging. You know, it starts initially with some contact, you know, there‟s some
   social agency or there‟s a social advocate, you know, through the hospital or something, you know.
   There‟s always a beginning, but from there I had to do a lot of digging for various things.”

   “What‟s available? What are your choices? I think before my mother left the hospital, there was an
   attempt to start talking about what are her options in terms of long term care and we didn‟t feel, as a
   family, that we knew what to do….I think that‟s the weakest link in the system, is dealing with and
   getting parents into proper good care…there‟s not enough information given to the children.”
   Policies or Procedures that Functioned as Obstacles to
   Integration
Only a minority of patient or caregiver participants mentioned specific policies that were barriers to
   receiving seamless care, however, this may reflect the fact that most policies and procedures
   within the health-care system are not common knowledge. Several mentioned that some of the
   policies surrounding qualification for home care are illogical:

    “Part of the problem too, and I‟ve known this to happen, if you can take a bath by yourself then you
    don‟t need home care.”

    “…a friend of mine had a mother who was going out into the kitchen with these sort of drapey garments
    on and leaning over hot elements, you know. And he had to get her into a home before she burned up
    and burned the apartment with her. There was no space. And do you know what one of the workers
    finally said? 'Tell them that you are just chucking her. You have no further use for her and you‟re not
    doing anything to help her and then they will get her in.‟”
   Communication Regarding Care Plan, Follow-up and Post-
   Treatment Symptoms or Conditions
According to the focus group participants, patients are seldom called by their doctor or health-care
   provider to remind them about follow-up appointments or tests to monitor their condition.
   Some reported that their family doctor might remind them to go for blood work or screening
   tests at their appointments:

    “It‟s up to us to know when we have to go and then we make our appointment.”


    “It‟s unfortunate, but doctors are really busy and I know I have to go every year for certain tests, that I
    have to go every 2 years for another test, every 5 years for another test. And I‟m supposed to try and
    keep track of it…”
         Role of Patient in Coordination of Care
The patient participants are conflicted regarding the extent to which they should have to take
    personal responsibility for the coordination of their care versus how much responsibility
    should be shouldered by the system.

    “…So how much is your family doctor an advocate for you, all the way through? And how much are
    you totally responsible?”

    “The role of the family doctor is to…he can sort of be the facilitator, he can sort of be the person who
    gives feedback on your tests…and then make sure that‟s clear to you.”

    “I think, you know, in terms of advocacy, I don‟t think that doctor is gonna be my advocate. I think I
    have to be my advocate.”

    “You‟re your own health advocate. You have to hustle your doctor. You can‟t take anything for
    granted.”
     Role of Patient in Coordination of Care (Cont’d)

“I feel it was well coordinated, but I also feel like, that I had to take an active part in the coordination of
it. But I don‟t feel that that‟s necessarily a bad thing, because you don‟t wait for your mechanic to call
you and tell you to change the oil in your car, right? Like, it‟s part of taking personal responsibility for
how your body works and functions. So, you know, I anticipate that.”

“…on the whole, I think, you know, it‟s important to feel empowered enough to step up and take charge
of your own health care and say, 'Okay, I want you to communicate with my doctor and I want you to
send copies of this here and there'. But I think that should really be in the system already. You
shouldn‟t have to tell them to give this information to your family doctor, that‟s what your family doctor‟s
for. They‟re a great repository of all your medical information, aren‟t they? In my mind, that‟s what
they should be.”

“I think increasingly you have to be your own health consumer, because whether you‟re using the
Internet or talking to people or whatever…because quite frankly, doctors are busy and…they don‟t
seem to take the time anymore and I don‟t think you can fault the GP. I think they‟re just, actually
stressed and they‟re very, very busy and unless you sort of have some knowledge, self-knowledge
about your own body and what‟s happening, the symptoms and that sort of thing, I think the resolution
of your problem‟s gonna be much longer.”
       Role of Patient in Coordination of Care (Cont’d)
Most patient and caregiver participants acknowledged that they shoulder some of the
   responsibility for ensuring they receive the health services they need, however, they
   sometimes face barriers in successfully doing so due to limited knowledge of how the
   system works and limited medical knowledge:

   “I find what is important is, who will teach people how the health system works so they can take that
   position of helping to integrate the services that they need?”

   “One thing I think they need is more education to people in the community. What facilities are
   available.”

   “They take for granted that people understand, and they know what to expect.”
        Role of Patient in Coordination of Care (Cont’d)
Both patient and caregiver participants expressed concern about how patients who are not
   capable of acting as their own advocate, and who do not have a caregiver to take on this
   role, will successfully progress through the system.

   “…With my dad, every time I‟ve gone, and he‟s been to various places and I‟ve been there. We have a
   big file. Now if I wasn‟t educated and he wasn‟t very organized, you know, and now he‟s getting older
   so my sister‟s got to help, but every time you go you have to fill in the forms again.”

   “If you have someone to advocate for you. But if you‟re single and your family lives in another
   province…Who advocates for them? Who looks after them?”

   “Then there are times, the sick people do not always have the health for that. They worry about what
   they have, what they do not know, what that can impart, then, in addition, it is necessary that they are
   in charge of their medical file. These are steps that I think a sick person does not need.”

   “Me, I ask myself how a person who is all alone, somebody with a family is fine, but a person who is all
   alone…”

   “But for the elderly or people who are really handicapped or not functional people, who are not able to
   take care of themselves, that must be pure hell.”
      Overall Patient Perspective of Quality of Coordination of
      Care
There is a greater degree of seamless care for patients who have been diagnosed with a
   common disease for which there is a standardized algorithm for screening and treatment,
   like colon cancer or breast cancer:

   “…when the cancer centre got hold of me, they did the whole program and they set up CCAC, the
   home care for me…And then a blood clot came so the cancer centre arranged for a blood specialist for
   me…and then as a result of the chemo, basal cells developed, so my family doctor arranged to have,
   to see a specialist in Strathroy. So my family doctor was the guy that really got this going. And I must
   say they all communicate very well. For example, I went for a blood test 3 weeks ago in Ingersoll. It
   was emailed or transferred to my family doctor, to my specialist in Woodstock and to the cancer centre
   in London. So when I went to the cancer centre interview, they had all the blood work done ahead of
   time. And so I found the communication and the organization just wonderful.”

   “…then I was diagnosed with breast cancer and once again everything just went like clockwork. Within
   two weeks I had, I had the x-rays, I had the biopsy…”

   “With my husband‟s situation, he‟s, his diagnosis with colon cancer, the booking of the survery and
   then straight into chemo actually went so incredibly smoothly that I‟m almost feeling guilty down in the
   corner here.”
       Overall Patient Perspective of Quality of Coordination of
       Care (Cont’d)
The system, in general, provides better coordination of care once a diagnosis has been made.

   “…your GP doesn‟t really put his or her finger on it right away so sends you off here for tests. Sends
   you off there…Once they know what it is, then whamo, they get on it.”

   “I think anybody here who‟s first starting out and you‟re trying to figure out what‟s wrong and what‟s
   there for you, it‟s always a struggle. But after time, and then you find out what‟s wrong, then you get
   connected properly, but you have to make sure you do everything yourself.”
      Caregiver Concerns
The majority of caregivers felt overwhelmed by the responsibility placed on them to care for a
   friend or family member and questioned whether or not they could adequately fulfill this
   role. Some felt there should be a professional to give them guidance:

   “I‟ve sat with my husband for as long as 5 minutes when I take him in by ambulance, but 3 hours and
   then they ship him home and he dies 4 days later…They said, „You‟re a nurse. You can look after
   him.‟ He should have been left in the hospital.”

   “Trying to get someone to explain that to them would be, you know…it would be different if say, a
   counselor could come in and explain all the ins and outs so that…Just like a liaison for people who
   were not educated in any way to deal with it. I have no idea where to turn to or how to just deal with it
   myself.”


   “My father went through cancer treatment and had several surgeries…He was in the hospital for two
   weeks, then they sent him home because they needed the bed and the home care just showed up
   unannounced and two days late and then she handed my mother and I a bag of needles and the
   medication and said, 'Well when he‟s in pain, give him one of these.' …And I said, 'We will not do that.
   You need to come back and administer this.' But, you know, that was an uphill battle. They didn‟t want
   to do that.”
          Caregiver Concerns (Cont’d)
Many caregivers have had to take temporary leaves from their jobs. A few reported that they could
   not work or had to discontinue working in order to care for their loved ones.

    “I‟ve tried working…but every time I go back to work, something else would go wrong.”


Aside from the above, the integration issues and problems described by the caregivers were identical to
    those mentioned by the patients. The patient and caregiver groups also both attributed the root of the
    problems to the same causes and suggested the same solutions (i.e. electronic health records and
    more health-care providers in the system). Moreover, both participants in the patient groups and those
    in the caregiver groups had a difficult time isolating their discussion of their experiences with the
    health-care system to that one role such that individuals in the patient groups often spoke about their
    experiences as caregivers while individuals in the caregiver groups also relayed their experiences as
    patients.
       Effect of Integration Problems on Health Outcomes
Most patient and caregiver participants felt that integration problems in the system cause more
   psychological stress rather than physical damage. However, there were a few instances where
   coordination issues did have a negative effect on health outcomes.

   “…you know if you run into the hospital because you had some kind of massive thing that could effect
   you in the long-run and then if your doctor‟s looking at your file and she‟s not aware that maybe such
   and such happened to you, you know, that, in the long run, that could affect you, but she‟s not aware of
   it…Like when I was really sick at one point, I was so sick I actually went to the emergency, because I
   was so sick because of my ovaries and it would have been nice if that information had gotten back. I
   gave my doctor‟s name. Then I went in to see her a couple weeks later and said, 'I‟m still in a lot of
   pain.' But if she had seen that, she would have been paying more attention.”
       Defining the Ideal, Integrated Health-care System
The participants believe that electronic health records will ease their navigation through the system
    by ensuring that every health-care provider or institution where they receive care will have
    accurate, up-to-date information about their medical history:

    “It‟s crazy, we are so far behind…there is no IT.”

    “My various bits and pieces are dealt with at different hospitals. And if I‟m scared or sick or out of it…I
    mean, I don‟t remember where the records are, and why should I? It‟s not my job to pull these out of a
    hat as to when I had what surgery and all this. It would take a long time, and besides, I don‟t
    remember.”
   Defining the Ideal, Integrated Health-care System
   (Cont’d)
“Frankly, I‟d like to see more progress made on conversion to the electronic medical records. I know
that this is a project that has…It‟s begun and it‟s taking years and it‟s gonna take several years more
and for the life of me, I can‟t figure out why. But that is necessary, because as people will move from
one specialist to another, it would be so much greater…better, if you just have quick access so you
don‟t have to regurgitate the same information and probably get something misinterpreted. So I‟d like
to see that being done more quickly.”

“To me, it‟s sharing the information in a faster, clearer, more accessible way…It seems a lot of the
time, you‟re getting the same questions over and over again…So I think if there‟s a computer, an
electronic medical system. I know there‟s also some problems with privacy with that and concerns with
that, but I think probably the benefits outweigh the concerns about it.”
      5 Top Learnings
→ Most Ontarians have a difficult time conceptualizing “integration” of health-care services.

→ Heavy health-system users frame their impressions of the health-care system through
  their experiences as both patients and caregivers together, and do not separate their
  experiences based on the two different roles.

→ There is a high demand among heavy health-system users for an electronic health record
  system, and privacy is not a huge concern.

→ There is not a clear understanding among heavy health-system users regarding who or
  what is to blame for coordination problems (individual health-care providers or the
  system).

→ There is little knowledge, even among heavy health-system users, of how the system
  functions. While patients are increasingly educated about health issues, they do not have
  a comparable understanding of the system. This knowledge would be very helpful for
  both patients and caregivers to ease their navigation through the system.
B. General Population Survey
        Methodology – Quantitative Phase
→ An online survey was conducted with 1,015 Ontarians aged 18 and older.

→ The survey was fielded between April 29th and May 1st, 2008.

→ A telephone survey of this size yields results that are accurate to +/- 3.1%, 19 times out of 20.

→ The majority of respondents to the survey (82%) rated their health as either good (33%), very good
  (35%) or excellent (14%). Another 12% rated their health status as fair, and just 5% rated their health
  as poor. This suggests that the majority of survey respondents were not high users of the health
  system.
Key Findings and Analysis:
       Quantitative
             Patient Perceptions of Doctors Unnecessarily Repeating a Test

                             OVERALL           2%                                 93%                      5%

                                      Male 2%                                     92%                       6%
          Gender
                                   Female 3%                                      93%                       4%

                                  18 To 24     7%                                  88%                      5%

                                  25 To 34 1%                                 89%                          10%

                                  35 To 44     3%                                 90%                      7%
              Age
                                  45 To 54     2%                                 96%                       3%

                                  55 To 64 2%                                     92%                      6%

                            65 And Over 3%                                        95%                       2%
                                             0%            20%              40%          60%         80%    100%


                                                                     Yes      No    Not Applicable

Q2. In the past 12 months, has your doctor unnecessarily repeated a test?
       Perceived Quality of Instructions From Health- care
       Providers
→ Seven-in-ten (70%) Ontarians say that they either always (40%) or sometimes (30%) receive good
  instructions from health-care providers regarding how to look after their health. Fifteen percent (15%)
  say they receive good instructions on how to do so only occasionally while 9% seldom get them, and
  6% never get them.

→ Seventy percent (70%) of Ontarians also say that they either always (43%) or sometimes (27%) get
  good instructions from health-care providers on when and where to seek further care, if necessary.
  Thirteen percent say they receive these instructions occasionally, 10% seldom get them and 7% never
  get them.

→ Almost two-thirds (65%) of Ontarians say that they either always (35%) or sometimes (30%) receive
  good instructions from health-care providers on what symptoms to watch for. Another 15% receive
  such instructions occasionally, 13% seldom get them, and 7% say they never get them.

→ Age is positively correlated with the frequency which Ontarians feel they receive adequate instructions
  from their health-care providers: Older individuals are more likely than younger ones to report that they
  always get good instructions on how to look after their health, on what symptoms to look for, and when
  and where to seek further care, if necessary.
        Perceptions Regarding Instructions on How to Look After Your Health

                              OVERALL                     40%                    30%            15%       9% 6%

                                       Male                42%                     30%            12% 10%6%
           Gender
                                    Female                38%                   30%               18%     8% 6%

                                  18 To 24        14%              38%                  26%             11% 11%

                                  25 To 34          22%                 36%                 21%         10% 12%

                                  35 To 44               36%                  31%               19%       8% 7%
              Age
                                  45 To 54                39%                    31%              15% 10%5%

                                  55 To 64                  44%                     29%           14% 10%4%

                             65 And Over                       54%                          28%          8% 6%5%
                                               0%          20%          40%           60%          80%           100%

                                                    Always       Sometimes        Occasionally          Seldom     Never

Q3a. When you see a health-care provider (either in the hospital or the community), how frequently do
     you receive good instructions about: How to look after your health?
        Perceptions Regarding Instructions on What Symptoms to Watch For
                                                          35%                 30%            15%        13% 7%
                              OVERALL

                                       Male               36%                  30%           14%        13% 7%
           Gender
                                    Female                35%                 31%             15% 12% 7%

                                  18 To 24           24%            22%           18%           26%         11%

                                  25 To 34          17%           30%               24%           18%      11%

              Age
                                  35 To 44              33%                   35%             12% 10% 9%

                                  45 To 54                37%                   33%             14% 10%6%

                                  55 To 64                35%                 28%            17%        15% 6%

                             65 And Over                     48%                      27%          9% 11%5%
                                               0%          20%          40%           60%          80%           100%

                                                    Always       Sometimes        Occasionally          Seldom     Never
Q3b. When you see a health care-provider (either in the hospital or the community), how frequently do
     you receive good instructions about: What symptoms to watch for?
           Perceptions Regarding Instructions on When and Where to Seek
                              Further Care, If Needed

                              OVERALL                      43%                    27%           13% 10% 7%

                                       Male                 44%                   25%          13% 11% 7%

           Gender                   Female                 42%                    28%           13% 10% 7%

                                  18 To 24          19%                40%              7% 9%           25%

                                  25 To 34            25%            22%             26%          13%      14%

              Age
                                  35 To 44                37%                  32%             13% 11% 7%

                                  45 To 54                 41%                    31%            12% 11%5%

                                  55 To 64                  45%                   23%          14% 11% 7%

                             65 And Over                         61%                        19%         8% 7%5%
                                               0%          20%          40%           60%          80%           100%

                                                    Always       Sometimes        Occasionally          Seldom     Never
Q3c. When you see a health-care provider (either in the hospital or the community), how frequently do
     you receive good instructions about: When and where to seek further care, if needed?
      Perceptions That the Health System Values Patients’
      Time
→ Over half (56%) of Ontarians believe that the health system values their time; 41% do not believe this
  is the case.

→ More men (60%) than women (51%) feel the system values their time.

→ Among adults 35 and older, the belief that the health system values patients’ time increases with age.

→ Individuals who rate their health as excellent (61%) are more likely to feel the health system values
  their time compared with those who rate their health as very good/good (55%) or fair/poor (52%).
                   Perception That the Health System Values Patients’ Time
                               OVERALL                               56%                               41%         3%

                                        Male                          60%                                  37%      3%
            Gender
                                    Female                          51%                             45%             4%

                                   18 To 24                       51%                                 49%

                                   25 To 34                         58%                                39%          3%

                                   35 To 44                    42%                               53%               6%
               Age
                                   45 To 54                       52%                                 46%           2%

                                   55 To 64                         58%                                39%         3%

                              65 And Over                                 73%                                24%   3%
                                                0%            20%            40%           60%             80%      100%


                                                                          Yes    No    Not Applicable
Q4. Excluding visits to hospital emergency departments, do you find the health system values your time -
that is, you are seen at the time of the appointment, you get what you need in as few visits as
possible, you get your tests done in as few places as possible, etc.?
    Perception that Health-care Providers Have Access to
    Everything They Need to Provide Patients With High
    Quality Care
→   Over half (57%) of Ontarians believe that their health-care providers have adequate access to all the information, tests
    and records related to their health that providers need in order to provide them with high quality care; 41% do not agree.

→   Over age 24, the belief that health-care providers have access to everything they need in order to provide patients with
    high quality care increases with age.

→   Both level of education and income are inversely related to the belief that health-care providers have access to
    everything they need in order to provide patients with high quality care:

                                                                    Income                                 %
                                                                                                          Yes
      Education                                       %
                                                     Yes



                                                                    Less than $25K                        67%

      High school or less                            63%
                                                                    $25-less than $50K                    62%

      Community college                              59%
                                                                    $50-less than $75K                    55%

      University                                     54%
                                                                    $75-less than $100K                   54%

      Post-graduate/professional                     50%
                                                                    $100K or more                         52%
              Perception that Health-care Providers Have Access to Everything
                   They Need to Provide Patients With High Quality Care
                                OVERALL                                 57%                                  41%     2%

                                         Male                           57%                                  41%      2%
            Gender
                                      Female                           57%                                   41%      2%

                                    18 To 24                            62%                                   38%

                                    25 To 34                      44%                                52%             4%

                                    35 To 44                       47%                                 51%           2%
                Age
                                    45 To 54                          54%                                    44%     2%

                                    55 To 64                            63%                                   35%    1%

                               65 And Over                                68%                                  31%   1%
                                                  0%            20%            40%             60%            80%    100%


                                                                           Yes      No     Not Applicable
Q5. Are you confident that all of your health-care providers have access to all the information, tests and
records related to your state of health that they need to provide you with high quality care?
Perception That a Single, Lead Person Coordinates Each
Patient’s Care

→ More than half (54%) of Ontarians do not feel confident that there is a single lead person in charge and
  responsible for coordinating all of their health-care needs; just over 4-in-10 (42%) Ontarians feel
  confident that there is.

→ Among adults 25 and older, confidence that there is a single, lead person who is in charge and
  responsible for coordinating all of the health services they require increases with age.
      Perceptions that A Single, Lead Person Coordinates Each Patient’s Care
                               OVERALL                          42%                                54%              3%

                                        Male                     44%                                53%              3%
           Gender
                                     Female                     41%                                56%               3%

                                   18 To 24                   40%                                  57%              3%

                                   25 To 34                30%                                66%                   5%

                                   35 To 44                  35%                                 63%                2%
               Age
                                   45 To 54                     43%                                 55%             2%

                                   55 To 64                     45%                                 51%             5%

                              65 And Over                          52%                                44%           4%
                                                 0%            20%            40%            60%              80%   100%


                                                                         Yes      No     Not Applicable
Q6. Are you confident that there is a single, lead person who is in charge and responsible for coordinating
all of the health-care services you require?

								
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