CCC san francisco car accident attorney

Document Sample
CCC san francisco car accident attorney Powered By Docstoc
					CCC501

Proposed Program Title: A.S. Degree in Paralegal Studies
                        Certificate of Achievement in Paralegal Studies

Contact Person: Dr. Marie A. Comstock

Title, Phone Number, and E-Mail Address:
Marie A. Comstock, J.D., D.P.A.
Department Chair Business Education Department and Business Instructor
(805) 922-6955 ext. 3356
mcomstock@hancockcollege.edu

Criteria A. Appropriateness to Mission

1. Statement of goals and objectives for the program.
Statement of Program goals:
The goal of the Paralegal Studies program is to prepare students for positions as paralegals in order to improve
the accessibility, quality, and affordability of legal services; and to provide a pathway to a respected and well
paid profession.

Program Objectives:
   1. Provide students with an understanding of the American legal system and the role of the paralegal in that
      system.
   2. Educate, train, and provide students with the legal theoretical background to perform paralegal tasks in
      substantive areas law and legal specialties
   3. Educate and train students in areas of procedural law emphasizing the paralegal’s role in litigation,
      mediation, and arbitration.
   4. Train students in critical paralegal skills such as investigation, legal research, interviewing, and written
      and oral communication
   5. Educate students to ethically serve the public and the legal system
   6. Provide students with the tools they need to become members who will contribute to the advancement of
      the legal profession.

Program Learning Outcomes:
   1. Demonstrate the ability to recall significant legal principles and procedures
   2. Demonstrate the ability to successfully complete legal research
   3. Demonstrate effective oral and written communication
   4. Demonstrate the ability to complete paralegal tasks in substantive areas of law and legal specialties


The program consists of a Certificate of Achievement in Paralegal Studies and an A.S. Degree in Paralegal
Studies. The Certificate of Achievement in Paralegal Studies is designed to help students gain the basic
knowledge and skills necessary for an entry-level paralegal position (24 units). All courses in the Certificate of
Achievement Program are also required courses in the Associate Degree program in Paralegal Studies so
students have a seamless pathway to paralegal certification and career advancement. The A.S. Degree in
Paralegal Studies is designed to provide students with education, training, and experience that will enable them
to become successful paralegals and to advance in the profession. The program is also designed to help students
prepare for NALA certification (National Association of Legal Assistants). The A.S. Degree requires
completion of 60 units including, 24 paralegal core units, a minimum of 12 paralegal selected units, and
completion of graduation requirements.
Long-range goals include applying for American Bar Association (ABA) approval.

Transfer Opportunities for Students with Paralegal Certificate/Associate Degree (Summer 2010)

CSU San Bernardino
BA in Criminal Justice, Paralegal Studies Option
http://www.assist.org/web-
assist/report.do?agreement=aa&reportPath=REPORT_2&reportScript=Rep2.pl&event=19&dir=1&sia=AHC&r
ia=CSUSB&ia=AHC&oia=CSUSB&aay=09-10&ay=10-11&dora=CJUS+BA+P

The following are CSU and UC ABA Approved Paralegal Education Programs:
CSU East Bay
Paralegal Studies Certificate
CSU Los Angeles
Paralegal Studies Post-Baccalaureate Certificate
San Francisco State – College of Extended Learning
Paralegal Studies Certificate Program (30 upper division units)
UC Irvine Extension
Business, Management and Legal Programs Certificate
UC Los Angeles Extension
Post-Baccalaureate Paralegal Training Program
UC Riverside Extension
Paralegal Certificate Program
UC Santa Barbara
Paralegal Professional Certificate Program

The following are Independent University ABA Approved Paralegal Education Programs:
John F Kennedy University
BA in Legal Studies and Post-Associate Certificate in Legal Studies
National University
BS in Paralegal Studies Program and Post-baccalaureate and post-secondary Paralegal Studies Certificates
University of La Verne
BS in Legal Studies and Paralegal Studies Certificate

Paralegal and Legal Studies Programs, Regionally Accredited:
Kaplan University
Associate Degree in Paralegal Studies, Bachelor’s Degree in Paralegal Studies, and Bachelor’s Degree in
Legal Studies

Brandman
Bachelor’s Degree in Legal Studies

2. Catalog Description
Paralegal Certificate of Achievement:
The goal of the Certificate of Achievement in Paralegal Studies program is to help students gain the basic
knowledge and skills necessary for an entry-level paralegal position. The Certificate of Achievement may lead
to a two-year Associate of Science degree in Paralegal Studies, providing a pathway for professional paralegal
certification and career advancement.

Students who successfully complete the program will have a broad-based understanding of the American legal
system and the practice of law in California; the skills and knowledge needed to work as a paralegal in a law
firm; an understanding of the ethical rules and regulations applicable to the paralegal; a balanced education
based on integration of theory and practice; strong written and oral communication skills; and the tools
necessary to begin a career in a respected and well-paid profession.

The program has been approved [pending approval] by the California Community College Chancellor’s office
and satisfies the requirement of California Business and Professions Code §6450. All courses are taught by
highly regarded attorneys, paralegals, and professionals in the legal field.

A.S. Degree Paralegal Studies
The goal of the A.S. Degree in Paralegal Studies is to provide students with education, training, and experience
that will enable them to become successful paralegals and to advance in the profession. The program is also
designed to help students prepare for NALA certification (National Association of Legal Assistants).

Students who successfully complete the program will have a broad-based understanding of the American legal
system and the practice of law in California; the skills and knowledge needed to work as a paralegal in a law
firm; an understanding of the ethical rules and regulations applicable to the paralegal; a balanced education
based on integration of theory and practice; strong written and oral communication skills; and the tools
necessary to begin a career in a respected and well-paid profession.

The program has been approved [pending approval] by the California Community College Chancellor’s office
and satisfies the requirement of California Business and Professions Code §6450. All courses are taught by
highly regarded attorneys, paralegals, and professionals in the legal field.

3. Program Requirements
Admissions requirements to the Certificate of Achievement in Paralegal Studies program and the A.S. Degree
in Paralegal Studies program are the same as the admission requirements to Allan Hancock College (age and
residency).

Core Courses for the Certificate of Achievement in Paralegal Studies
Students must complete all core courses. A total of 24 semester units are required.
Semester 1 (Fall)
PLGL 101      Intro to Paralegal Studies            3 units [English 300 Advisory]
PLGL 102      Criminal Law and Procedure            3 units [English 300 Advisory]
BUS 110       Contract Law                          3 units [English 300 Advisory]

Semester 2 (Spring)
PLGL 103      Civil Litigation                       3 units [English 100 Prerequisite]
PLGL 104      Legal Research and Writing             3 units [English 100 Prerequisite]
PLGL 107      Ethics for Paralegals                  1 unit [English 300 Advisory]

Semester 3 (Summer)
PLGL 106      Case Management                        3 units [PLGL 103 Prerequisite]
PLGL 105      Legal Analysis and Writing             3 units [PLGL 104 Prerequisite]
PLGL 149 Occupational Work Experience                2 units

Core courses for A.S. Degree in Paralegal Studies
The A.S. Degree requires completion of 60 units including, 24 paralegal core units, a minimum of 12 paralegal
selected units, and completion of graduation requirements.

Semester 1 (Fall) Required Courses:
PLGL 101      Intro to Paralegal Studies             3 units [Eligibility for English 300]
PLGL 102      Criminal Law and Procedure             3 units [Eligibility for English 300]
BUS 110       Contract Law                           3 units [Eligibility for English 300]
Semester 2 (Spring) Required Courses:
PLGL 103      Civil Litigation                       3 units [English 100 Prerequisite]
PLGL 104      Legal Research and Writing             3 units [English 100 Prerequisite]
PLGL 107      Ethics for Paralegals                  1 unit [Eligibility for English 300]


Semester 3 (Summer) Required Courses:
PLGL 106      Case Management                        3 units [PLGL 103 Prerequisite]
PLGL 105      Legal Analysis and Writing             3 units [PLGL 104 Prerequisite]
PLGL 149 Occupational Work Experience                2 units

Semester 4 ( Selected Courses) - Select Four):
PLGL 108       Wills and Trusts                      3 units [PLGL 101 Prerequisite]
PLGL 109       Family Law                            3 units [PLGL 101 Prerequisite]
PLGL 110       Intellectual Property Law             3 units [PLGL 101 Prerequisite]
PLGL 112       Corporations, Partnership, LLC        3 units [PLGL 101 Prerequisite]
PLGL 111 Tort Law for Paralegals                     3 units [PLGL 101 Prerequisite]
RE 301         Legal Aspects of Real Estate          3 units
CBOT 305       Legal Office Procedures               3 units

General Education Requirements
For general education requirements see the attached Allan Hancock College general education requirement list
(24 units). Students may choose courses required in the general education categories (no specific choices are
required). For students intending to transfer, students should complete the CSU-GE or IGETC pattern.

4. Background and Rationale
Members of the local chapter of the American Bar Association have collaborated with Allan Hancock College
(AHC) to develop the paralegal program. Members of the local Bar reported a need for qualified local
paralegals.

An AHC/Bar Advisory Team met twice in March to discuss the proposed content of a paralegal program.
Members of the Bar voiced concern that paralegal job applicants often lack grammar and writing skills. They
are looking to AHC to develop these skills in potential paralegals so that the legal profession is advanced. It
was agreed that AHC should develop a short term certificate program that leads to an associate degree program.
Preparation for the National Association of Legal Assistants (NALA) test and certification will be included in
the degree program.

Internship sites are being developed with local attorneys. Local attorneys are also assisting with identification
of appropriate software training needs. Students will be pre and post tested for basic competency skills related
to paralegal studies.


Criteria B. Need

5. Enrollment and Completer Projections
A student survey of 157 business students was completed in five business classes (see attached questionnaire).
A total of 73 students said they would be interested in enrolling in a paralegal program at AHC. A total of 91
students said they would be interested in taking one or more paralegal classes. A total of 63 students said they
know of someone who would be interested in enrolling in a paralegal program at AHC. Currently, 67 students
have added their name to the paralegal program mailing list. In sum, preliminary feedback indicates a
significant interest in the proposed paralegal program at AHC.

Based on degree completers in the business program (32 per year), it is anticipated that 20 students will
complete the certificate program and 15-20 will complete the degree program annually.

Estimates:
     3-4 sections offered each semester
     20-25 students per section
     Year 1 Completers: 10 certificate 3 degree
     Year 2 Completers: 10 certificate 5 degree
     Year 5 Completers: 20 certificate 10 degrees

   Projected annual job openings in California total 1,230 with total employment of 33,800 in California in
   2018.

According to LMI/EDD data, projected average openings in Santa Barbara County during the period of 2008-
2018 are 6. An additional 3 average openings are anticipated for paralegal-related professions (court,
municipal, and license clerks and law clerks). In addition, some paralegals will associate with a lawyer and
open an office by providing forms and non-attorney related guidance. Presently, a sampling of two online job
search sites indicated there are 18 paralegal openings in Santa Barbara County.

It is common that paralegal students will seek employment outside of the local area. Therefore, statewide
statistics and national statistics should also be considered. See section 8 of this report for a detailed presentation
of labor market statistics.

6. Place of Program in Curriculum/Similar Programs
The paralegal studies program will be placed in the Business Education Department. The Business Education
Department currently offers the following disciplines: Accounting, Business, Computer Business Information
Systems, Computer Business Office Technology, and Real Estate. The department presently has a full-time
instructor (with a J.D. degree) to oversee the program.

There are no other related programs at the college. The program will attract a new market. This program will
fulfill the community need for paralegals and offer students a relatively short-term program that leads to
professional employment with above-averages wages.

The business discipline and paralegal program will share common courses in Contract Law, Real Estate Law,
and Legal Office Procedures.

7. Similar Programs at Other Colleges in Service Area
There are no other community college paralegal programs in Santa Barbara County. Cuesta College is located
33 miles north of the Allan Hancock College campus (San Luis Obispo County). Cuesta offers a certificate and
degree in paralegal studies. Discussions with Ruth Biering, Lead Instructor of Cuesta’s paralegal program,
have resulted in plans to meet in the fall 2010 to discuss coordinating the two programs. Specifically, we have
discussed coordinating the scheduling of some of the more specialized classes so that the classes will fill. Ruth
reports that Cuesta is in the process of substantially revising and updating their program. She reports that she
will be able to provide much more detailed information in Fall 2010.

8. LMI/EDD Labor Market Information and Analysis
California and Santa Barbara County
LMI/EDD – California
Many paralegal students may move to other parts of California to practice their trade. Large urban centers with
many law firms are prime employers of paralegals. Therefore, a state occupational profile is helpful.

Projected paralegal employment in California in year 2018 is 33,800, representing and additional 5,500
paralegals jobs (average annual openings of 550). This is a 19.4% increase during the period of 2008-2018.
Additional openings due to net replacements are 3,200 (320 average annual openings). Therefore, total annual
average openings are 870 for paralegal. Other paralegal occupations provide additional annual openings (see
below).

Occupation Area Estimated Employment Employment #      %      Annual
                Year      Estimated  Projected  Change Change Avg.
                Projected                                     Openings

Paralegal    CA      2008-       28,300         33,800          5,500     19.4       870
                     2018

Court,       CA      2008-       6,100          6,500           400       6.6        210
Municipal,           2018
License
Clerks

Law          CA      2008-       6600           7100            320       7.6        150
Clerks               2018
Total                                                                              1,230


LMI/EDD - County
In Santa Barbara County, the LMI/EDD projects a 12.5 increase in paralegal employment, from 240 to 270 in
years 2008-2018. Additional openings due to net replacements are 30 and annual average openings are 6.
Other paralegal-related jobs include court and municipal clerks, law clerk, legal investigators, and title
examiners, abstractors, and searchers. These areas will provide additional employment opportunities of
approximately 3 average openings. In addition, some paralegals will associate with a lawyer and open an office
by providing forms and non-attorney related guidance. Also, it is common that paralegal students will seek
employment outside of the local area. Therefore, statewide statistics and national statistics should also be
considered.

A review of a sample of online employment sites revealed the following paralegal job openings:
Santamariajobs.com               5 openings in county
Job seekers                    10 openings in county
Indeed.com/jobs                 3 openings in county (28 within 100 miles)

AHC will have the only community college paralegal program in Santa Barbara County. UCSB has a paralegal
extension program. Santa Barbara Business College (for profit) has a paralegal program.

Wages
Wages of paralegals and legal assistants vary greatly. Salaries depend on education training, experience, the
type and size of employer, and the geographic location of the job. In general, paralegals that work for large law
firms or in large metropolitan areas earn more than those who work for smaller firms or in less populated areas.


                                    California State Profile for Paralegals
                                      Bureau of Labor Statistics 2009
                                                                               Employment
                                                       Hourly mean Annual mean
                       State                Employment                         per thousand
                                                          wage        wage
                                                                                 workers
                    California                26,830            $28.50         $59,270            1.846




                                 Santa Barbara County Paralegal Wages 2009
                                                EDD/LMI

Santa Barbara County           Hourly Mean $22.50        Median $21.44              75th $26.15




                                       National Estimates for Paralegals
                                        Bureau of Labor Statistics 2009

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for paralegals:

                                                  Mean hourly Mean annual
                                 Employment
                                                     wage        wage
                                    246,810            $24.08            $50,080




Percentile wage estimates for paralegals:

                                                              50%
                          Percentile        10%     25%                     75%       90%
                                                            (Median)
                         Hourly Wage $14.32       $17.67        $22.58     $29.14     $36.39
                         Annual Wage $29,800 $36,760 $46,980 $60,620 $75,700




                                   National Industry Profile for Paralegals
                                       Bureau of Labor Statistics 2009

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for paralegals:

                                                                             Hourly mean Annual mean
                           Industry                        Employment
                                                                                wage        wage
                         Legal Services                         179,350            $23.30         $48,460
         Federal Executive Branch (OES Designation)             13,880             $30.08         $62,570
              Local Government (OES Designation)                13,250           $24.27          $50,480
               State Government (OES Designation)                9,790           $21.23          $44,160
            Management of Companies and Enterprises              6,000           $28.05          $58,340


 Top paying industries for paralegals:

                                                                             Hourly mean Annual mean
                              Industry                      Employment
                                                                                wage        wage
           Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing              40             $39.02          $81,150
               Medical and Diagnostic Laboratories                30             $34.89          $72,560
                        Software Publishers                       400            $33.98          $70,680
           Professional and Commercial Equipment and
                                                                  90             $33.48          $69,650
                 Supplies Merchant Wholesalers
               Computer and Peripheral Equipment
                                                                  90             $33.27          $69,200
                        Manufacturing

 Attachment – Labor/Job Market Data


                                                  Significant Points
Despite projected much faster-than-average employment growth, competition for jobs is expected. Formally
trained, experienced paralegals should have the best employment opportunities. Most entrants have an associate’s
degree in paralegal studies, or a bachelor's degree in another field and a certificate in paralegal studies. About 71
percent work for law firms.


                                                 Nature of the Work
 Although lawyers assume ultimate responsibility for legal work, they often delegate many of their tasks to
 paralegals. In fact, paralegals—also called legal assistants—are continuing to assume new responsibilities in
 legal offices and perform many of the same tasks as lawyers. Nevertheless, they are explicitly prohibited from
 carrying out duties considered to be within the scope of practice of law, such as setting legal fees, giving legal
 advice, and presenting cases in court.

 One of a paralegal's most important tasks is helping lawyers prepare for closings, hearings, trials, and corporate
 meetings. Paralegals might investigate the facts of cases and ensure that all relevant information is considered.
 They also identify appropriate laws, judicial decisions, legal articles, and other materials that are relevant to
 assigned cases. After they analyze and organize the information, paralegals may prepare written reports that
 attorneys use in determining how cases should be handled. If attorneys decide to file lawsuits on behalf of
 clients, paralegals may help prepare the legal arguments, draft pleadings and motions to be filed with the court,
 obtain affidavits, and assist attorneys during trials. Paralegals also organize and track files of all important case
 documents and make them available and easily accessible to attorneys. In addition to this preparatory work,
 paralegals perform a number of other functions. For example, they help draft contracts, mortgages, and
 separation agreements. They also may assist in preparing tax returns, establishing trust funds, and planning
 estates. Some paralegals coordinate the activities of other law office employees and maintain financial office
 records.
Computer software packages and the Internet are used to search legal literature stored in computer databases
and on CD-ROM. In litigation involving many supporting documents, paralegals usually use computer
databases to retrieve, organize, and index various materials. Imaging software allows paralegals to scan
documents directly into a database, while billing programs help them to track hours billed to clients. Computer
software packages also are used to perform tax computations and explore the consequences of various tax
strategies for clients. Paralegals are found in all types of organizations, but most are employed by law firms,
corporate legal departments, and various government offices. In these organizations, they can work in many
different areas of the law, including litigation, personal injury, corporate law, criminal law, employee benefits,
intellectual property, labor law, bankruptcy, immigration, family law, and real estate. As the law becomes more
complex, paralegals become more specialized. Within specialties, functions are often broken down further. For
example, paralegals specializing in labor law may concentrate exclusively on employee benefits. In small and
medium-size law firms, duties are often more general.

The tasks of paralegals differ widely according to the type of organization for which they work. Corporate
paralegals often assist attorneys with employee contracts, shareholder agreements, stock-option plans, and
employee benefit plans. They also may help prepare and file annual financial reports, maintain corporate
minutes' record resolutions, and prepare forms to secure loans for the corporation. Corporate paralegals often
monitor and review government regulations to ensure that the corporation is aware of new requirements and is
operating within the law. Increasingly, experienced corporate paralegals or paralegal managers are assuming
additional supervisory responsibilities, such as overseeing team projects.

The duties of paralegals who work in the public sector usually vary by agency. In general, litigation paralegals
analyze legal material for internal use, maintain reference files, conduct research for attorneys, and collect and
analyze evidence for agency hearings. They may prepare informative or explanatory material on laws, agency
regulations, and agency policy for general use by the agency and the public. Paralegals employed in community
legal-service projects help the poor, the aged, and others who are in need of legal assistance. They file forms,
conduct research, prepare documents, and, when authorized by law, may represent clients at administrative
hearings.


                                Training, Other Qualifications, and Advancement
Most entrants have an associate’s degree in paralegal studies, or a bachelor's degree in another field and a
certificate in paralegal studies. Some employers train paralegals on the job.

Education and training. There are several ways to become a paralegal. The most common is through a
community college paralegal program that leads to an associate degree. Another common method of entry,
mainly for those who already have a college degree, is earning a certificate in paralegal studies. A small number
of schools offer bachelor’s and master's degrees in paralegal studies. Finally, some employers train paralegals
on the job.

Associate’s and bachelor's degree programs usually combine paralegal training with courses in other academic
subjects. Certificate programs vary significantly, with some taking only a few months to complete. Most
certificate programs provide intensive paralegal training for individuals who already hold college degrees.

More than 1,000 colleges and universities, law schools, and proprietary schools offer formal paralegal training
programs. Approximately 260 paralegal programs are approved by the American Bar Association (ABA).
Although not required by many employers, graduation from an ABA-approved program can enhance
employment opportunities. Admission requirements vary. Some schools require certain college courses or a
bachelor's degree, while others accept high school graduates or those with legal experience. A few schools
require standardized tests and personal interviews.
Some employers train paralegals on the job, hiring college graduates with no legal experience or promoting
experienced legal secretaries. Some entrants have experience in a technical field that is useful to law firms, such
as a background in tax preparation or criminal justice. Nursing or health administration experience is valuable
in personal-injury law practices.

Certification and other qualifications. Although most employers do not require certification, earning voluntary
certification from a professional national or local paralegal organization may offer advantages in the labor
market. Many national and local paralegal organizations offer voluntary paralegal certifications by requiring
students to pass an exam. Other organizations offer voluntary paralegal certifications by meeting certain criteria
such as experience and education.

The National Association of Legal Assistants (NALA), for example, has established standards for certification
that require various combinations of education and experience. Paralegals who meet these standards are eligible
to take a 2-day examination. Those who pass the exam may use the Certified Legal Assistant (CLA) or Certified
Paralegal (CP) credential. NALA certification is for a period of five years and 50 hours of continuing education
is required for recertification. According to the NALA, as of September 4, 2009, there were 15,652 Certified
Paralegals in the United States. NALA also offers the Advanced Paralegal Certification for experienced
paralegals who want to specialize. The Advanced Paralegal Certification program is a curriculum-based
program offered on the Internet.

The American Alliance of Paralegals, Inc., offers the American Alliance Certified Paralegal (AACP) credential,
a voluntary certification program. Paralegals seeking the AACP certification must possess at least 5 years of
paralegal experience and meet one of three educational criteria. Certification must be renewed every 2 years,
including the completion of 18 hours of continuing education.

In addition, the National Federation of Paralegal Associations (NFPA) offers the Registered Paralegal (RP)
designation to paralegals with a bachelor's degree and at least 2 years of experience who pass an exam. To
maintain the credential, workers must complete 12 hours of continuing education every 2 years. The National
Association of Legal Secretaries (NALS) offers the Professional Paralegal (PP) certification to those who pass a
four-part exam. Recertification requires 75 hours of continuing education.

Paralegals must be able to document and present their findings and opinions to their supervising attorney. They
need to understand legal terminology and have good research and investigative skills. Familiarity with the
operation and applications of computers in legal research and litigation support also is important. Paralegals
should stay informed of new developments in the laws that affect their area of practice. Participation in
continuing legal education seminars allows paralegals to maintain and expand their knowledge of the law. In
fact, all paralegals in California must complete 4 hours of mandatory continuing education in either general law
or a specialized area of law.

Because paralegals frequently deal with the public, they should be courteous and uphold the ethical standards of
the legal profession. The NALA, the NFPA, and a few States have established ethical guidelines for paralegals
to follow.

Advancement. Paralegals usually are given more responsibilities and require less supervision as they gain work
experience. Experienced paralegals who work in large law firms, corporate legal departments, or government
agencies may supervise and delegate assignments to other paralegals and clerical staff. Advancement
opportunities also include promotion to managerial and other law-related positions within the firm or corporate
legal department. However, some paralegals find it easier to move to another law firm when seeking increased
responsibility or advancement.


                               Bureau of Labor Statistics – National Employment
Paralegals and legal assistants held about 263,800 jobs in 2008. Private law firms employed 71 percent; most of
the remainder worked for corporate legal departments and various levels of government. Within the Federal
Government, the U.S. Department of Justice is the largest employer, followed by the Social Security
Administration and the U.S. Department of the Treasury. A small number of paralegals own their own
businesses and work as freelance legal assistants, contracting their services to attorneys or corporate legal
departments.


                                                   Job Outlook
Employment change. Employment of paralegals and legal assistants is projected to grow 28 percent between
2008 and 2018, much faster than the average for all occupations. Employers are trying to reduce costs and
increase the availability and efficiency of legal services by hiring paralegals to perform tasks once done by
lawyers. Paralegals are performing a wider variety of duties, making them more useful to businesses.

Demand for paralegals also is expected to grow as an expanding population increasingly requires legal services,
especially in areas such as intellectual property, healthcare, international law, elder issues, criminal law, and
environmental law. The growth of prepaid legal plans also should contribute to the demand for legal services.

Private law firms will continue to be the largest employers of paralegals, but a growing array of other
organizations, such as corporate legal departments, insurance companies, real-estate and title insurance firms,
and banks also hire paralegals. Corporations in particular are expected to increase their in-house legal
departments to cut costs. The wide range of tasks paralegals can perform has helped to increase their
employment in small and medium-size establishments of all types.

Job prospects. In addition to new jobs created by employment growth, more job openings will arise as people
leave the occupation. There will be demand for paralegals who specialize in areas such as real estate,
bankruptcy, medical malpractice, and product liability. Community legal service programs, which provide
assistance to the poor, elderly, minorities, and middle-income families, will employ additional paralegals to
minimize expenses and serve the most people. Job opportunities also are expected in Federal, State, and local
government agencies, consumer organizations, and the courts. However, this occupation attracts many
applicants, creating competition for jobs. Experienced, formally trained paralegals should have the best job
prospects.

To a limited extent, paralegal jobs are affected by the business cycle. During recessions, demand declines for
some discretionary legal services, such as planning estates, drafting wills, and handling real estate transactions.
Corporations are less inclined to initiate certain types of litigation when falling sales and profits lead to fiscal
belt tightening. As a result, full-time paralegals employed in offices adversely affected by a recession may be
laid off or have their work hours reduced. However, during recessions, corporations and individuals are more
likely to face problems that require legal assistance, such as bankruptcies, foreclosures, and divorces.
Paralegals, who provide many of the same legal services as lawyers at a lower cost, tend to fare relatively better
in difficult economic conditions.

The following is a list of titles and associated tasks reported by the International Paralegal Management
Association:

Paralegal – Performs factual research, document analysis, and cite checking; drafts pleadings; administers trusts
and estates; and handles other substantive tasks that do not require a law degree.

Senior Paralegal – Supervises or trains other paralegals. May be a specialist in a particular area.

Supervising Paralegal – Spends approximately half of his or her work time on cases as a paralegal and half of
work time supervising other paralegals.
Case Manager – Coordinates or directs paralegals on large projects such as major litigation or corporate
transaction.

Paralegal Manager – Recruits, interviews, and hires paralegals; helps train paralegals and monitors their
assignments; and helps administer budget and billing requirements of all paralegals.

The tendency of large law offices and departments is to design their own categories of titles and tiers for
paralegals. For example, the DuPont Corporation has the following career path:

Entry-level legal assistant (0-1 years of experience)
Legal assistant (1 -3 years of experience)
Senior legal assistant, level one (4-7 years of experience)
Senior legal assistant, level two (8-12 years of experience)
Corporate legal assistant, level one (13+ years of experience)
Corporate legal assistant, level two (20+ years of experience)
Specialist (experience requirement depends on the specialty)

Once a person has gained training and experience as a paralegal, this background may be used to go into other
law-related positions. For example, a corporate paralegal might take a higher-paying position as a securities
analyst for a corporation or an estates paralegal might take a position as a trust administrator at a bank. Other
paralegals have also run for political office or work as librarians or teachers.

                                        Career Technical Education Skills
The paralegal certificate and degree programs are of occupational benefit to students already employed. The
program objectives, design, and sequencing of courses should fit the need of working students. The course is
built on student prior experience and courses are scheduled to accommodate students already employed. The
AHC program will be offered primarily at night.

9. Employer Survey
In 2009, Dr. Marie Comstock (AHC Business Law Instructor) was approached by a local judge who was
interested in the development of a Paralegal Program at AHC. As a result, Dr. Comstock made a presentation at
the local chapter of the American Bar Association in March 2009. Forty attorneys attended the meeting. In
order to receive feedback about local employment needs, employers (attorneys) were asked if (1) they supported
the creation of a paralegal program and (2) if they felt there was a local need. A discussion format was used to
gather feedback. A total of 100% of the attorneys supported the creation of a paralegal program and indicated
there was a local need for paralegals. It was decided that the next step should be an advisory meeting to discuss
curriculum development.

In March 30, 2009, Judge Jim Rigali and Dr. Comstock held a paralegal advisory team meeting at the Santa
Maria Superior Court. Twenty attorneys attended. The agenda (attached) focused on which courses should be
offered in the AHC paralegal program. All members (without dissention) verified the need for the creation of a
paralegal program and felt there is a local need. Attorneys also completed a five question written survey.
Feedback from this meeting is presented under section 12 of this document.

A look at on-line employment sites revealed the following paralegal job openings:

Indeed.com/jobs               1430 openings in California
Monster.com                    398 openings in California
Completejobsearch.net          353 openings in California
Careerbuilders.com             358 openings in California
Job.com                         40 openings in California
Santamariajobs.com                5 openings in county
Job seekers                     10 openings in county
Indeed.com/jobs                  3 openings in county (28 within 100 miles)


10. Explanation of Employer Relationship
Attorneys have served as advisory team members. Some local attorneys have volunteered to allow their
practice to serve as internship sites.


11. List of Members
     James Rigali, Judge
     Denise Motter, Attorney
     Shannon Fernandez, Attorney
     Jonathan Mildner, Attorney
     Donna Ernest, Attorney
     Jennifer Vaan, Paralegal
     Mike Gibson, Attorney
     David Nyssen, Attorney
     Tracy Splitgerber, Paralegal
     Judy Sorenson, Attorney
     Rick Carbo, Attorney
     Robyn Weaver, Attorney
     Alex Simas, Attorney
     Terry Bendle, Attorney
     Eileen Mackin, Attorney
     Christopher Clark, Attorney
     John Normanly, Attorney
     Stephen Wagner, Attorney pending ABA certification
     Buddy Jaquith, Attorney
     Tammy Mata, Attorney

12. Recommendations of Advisory Committee
In March 30, 2009, Judge Jim Rigali held a paralegal advisory team meeting in his courtroom at Superior Court.
The agenda focused on which courses should be offered in the AHC paralegal program. Members of the Bar
voiced concern that paralegal job applicants often lack grammar and writing skills. They are looking to AHC to
develop these skills in potential paralegals so that the legal profession is advanced. Therefore, courses to
develop writing skills were recommended. Also, appropriate sustentative areas of law were identified. It was
agreed (no dissention) that AHC should develop a short term certificate program that leads to an associate
degree program. Preparation for the National Association of Legal Assistants (NALA) test and certification
will be included in the degree program.

The advisory team determined that internship sites should be developed with local attorneys. Several attorneys
are also agreed to assist with identification of appropriate software training needs. It was agreed that students
should be pre and post tested for basic competency skills related to paralegal studies.

Advisory team members responded to a four question survey as follows:

Q1: What software would you recommend for the paralegal program?
Westlaw/Lexis Nexis were the top two programs suggested followed by Legal Solutions/TABS/Practice Master
Q2: What skills should a paralegal possess?
The skills they would like to see are “rock solid secretarial skills” which include advanced formatting, automatic
paragraph numbering, cross referencing, table of contents, generation, table of authorizes generation and redlining
functions that a law office uses on a daily basis. Also a general knowledge about any particular area of law so as to
understand the reasons why a case has to be processed a particular way or a document has to be prepared a particular
way. Most end up learning it by rote memorization rather than understanding the reasons why something happens a
particular way. That results in someone who has had a hard time adjusting to new and unique problems.

Q3: What type of paralegal training would you recommend?
 First priority is coherent writing skills. Therefore, students need a basic writing course. Students also need customer
service skills. The next priority was how to perform research using Westlaw and LexisNexis, followed by the ability to use
a comprehensive practice management program that includes group calendaring, document management, etc such as
Practice Manager, Abacus Law or Amicus.

Q4: What research software do you recommend?
The need is imperative for West Law and Lexis Nexis

Q5: Would you be willing to sponsor an intern?
Sponsorship of a paralegal was something that most were willing to do

Members of the advisory team are listed in section #11 of this document.

Attachment - Minutes of Key Meetings




SECTION 8 ATTACHMENTS




Detailed Guide for
What Wages and Benefits Can I Expect?
 Wages

 The median wage in 2010 for Paralegals and Legal Assistants in California is $57,737 annually, or $27.76 hourly. The median is the
 point at which half of the workers earn more and half earn less.

                                                           Low                           Median                         High
              Annual Wages for 2010
                                                     (25th percentile)              (50th percentile)             (75th percentile)
           California                                      $45,090                       $57,737                       $72,680
           Source: EDD/LMID Occupational Employment Statistics Survey, 2010 at www.labormarketinfo.edd.ca.gov/?PageID=1009 Wages do not
           reflect self-employment.


                                                           Low                           Median                         High
               Hourly Wages for 2010
                                                     (25th percentile)              (50th percentile)             (75th percentile)
           California                                       $21.68                        $27.76                        $34.94
           Source: EDD/LMID Occupational Employment Statistics Survey, 2010 at www.labormarketinfo.edd.ca.gov/?PageID=1009. Wages do not
           reflect self-employment.




 What is the Job Outlook?
 Demand for Paralegals will continue to grow as employers try to reduce costs by hiring Paralegals to perform tasks formerly carried
 out by lawyers. Paralegals are an option to increase availability and efficiency of legal services. Contributing to the expanded use of
 Paralegals is the increasing demand for legal services by a growing population.

 Projections of Employment

 In California, the number of Paralegals and Legal Assistants is expected to grow much faster than average growth rate for all
 occupations. Jobs for Paralegals and Legal Assistants are expected to increase by 19.4 percent, or 5,500 jobs between 2008 and
 2018.

                                              Estimated Employment and Projected Growth
                                                    Paralegals and Legal Assistants
                                                                                                                Additional Openings
                   Geographic Area           Estimated  Projected Numeric Percent                                    Due to Net
            (Estimated Year-Projected Year) Employment Employment Change Change                                   Replacements
            California                                    28,300           33,800          5,500       19.4              3,200
            (2008-2018)
                        Source: EDD/LMID Projections of Employment by Occupation at www.labormarketinfo.edd.ca.gov/?PageID=1011



 Annual Job Openings

 In California, an average of 550 new job openings per year is expected for Paralegals and Legal Assistants, plus an additional 320
 job openings due to net replacement needs, resulting in a total of 870 job openings.

                                                 Estimated Average Annual Job Openings
                                                     Paralegals and Legal Assistants
                     Geographic Area
                                                        Jobs From                    Jobs Due to                   Total Annual
                     (Estimated Year-
                                                         Growth                   Net Replacements                Job Openings
                      Projected Year)
               California                                    550                           320                           870
               (2008-2018)
                        Source: EDD/LMID Projections of Employment by Occupation at www.labormarketinfo.edd.ca.gov/?PageID=1011

 .

Where Would I Work?
 Most Paralegals work in legal offices. The largest industries in this occupation are as follows: The largest industries employing
 Paralegals and Legal Assistants are as follows:
                                                                  Percent of Total
                     Industry Title                               Employment for
                                                               Occupation in California
Legal Services                                                            70.0%
Local Government                                                           8.7%
Federal Government                                                         3.6%
Management of Companies and Enterprises                                    2.2%
Employment Services                                                        1.5%
Source: EDD/LMID Staffing Patterns at www.labormarketinfo.edd.ca.gov/?Pageid=1012
                                                                  Print This Page


                    Paralegals and Legal Assistants
              Estimated Employment and Projected Growth
Geographic
   Area
(Estimated                                       Additional
   Year-                                         Openings
 Projected  Estimated  Projected Numeric Percent Due to Net
   Year)   Employment Employment Change Change Replacements
California      28,300      33,800     5,500   19.4       3,200
(2008-2018)
Butte
County           120         130        10      8.3        20
(2006-2016)
East Bay
Area            1,540        1,730     190     12.3       200
(2006-2016)
Eastern
Sierra            20          30        10     50.0
Region
(2006-2016)
Fresno
County           440         510        70     15.9        60
(2006-2016)
Imperial
County            40          50        10     25.0        10
(2006-2016)
Inland
Empire Area     1,310        1,600     290     22.1       170
(2006-2016)
Kern
County           140         190        50     35.7        20
(2006-2016)
Kings
County            30          30                .0
(2006-2016)
Los Angeles
County          8,200        9,790     1,590   19.4       1,080
(2006-2016)
Monterey
County           230         240        10      4.3        30
(2006-2016)
Mother
                  30          30                .0
Lode
Region
(2006-2016)
Napa
County         90     120     30    33.3   10
(2006-2016)
North Coast
Region         40      50     10    25.0   10
(2006-2016)
Northern
Counties       50      50            .0    10
Region
(2006-2016)
Orange
County        2,330   3,060   730   31.3   310
(2006-2016)
Sacramento
Metro Area    1,280   1,570   290   22.7   170
(2006-2016)
San Benito
and Santa
Clara         1,340   1,540   200   14.9   180
Counties
(2006-2016)
San Diego
County        2,130   2,730   600   28.2   280
(2006-2016)
San
Francisco     3,290   3,760   470   14.3   430
Bay Area
(2006-2016)
San
Joaquin       120     140     20    16.7   20
County
(2006-2016)
San Luis
Obispo         80     100     20    25.0   10
County
(2006-2016)
Santa
Barbara       240     270     30    12.5   30
County
(2006-2016)
Santa Cruz
County         90      90            .0    10
(2006-2016)
Solano
County        110     140     30    27.3   20
(2006-2016)
Sonoma        220     290     70    31.8   30
           County
           (2006-2016)
           Stanislaus
           County            260           300    40   15.4   30
           (2006-2016)
           Sutter and
           Yuba               40            40          .0    10
           Counties
           (2006-2016)
           Tulare
           County            220           270    50   22.7   30
           (2006-2016)
           Ventura
           County            420           450    30   7.1    60
           (2006-2016)


Source: Employment Development Department
        Labor Market Information Division
        https://www.labormarketinfo.edd.ca.gov/
 occExplorer                   232092              0601000000




Law Clerks
(SOC Code : 23-2092)
                Law Clerks
in California

Assist lawyers or judges by researching or preparing legal documents. May meet with clients or assist
lawyers and judges in court. Exclude "Lawyers" (23-1011) and "Paralegals and Legal Assistants" (23-
2011).

Employers are usually looking for candidates with a Bachelor's degree .


Occupational Wages                                                                                                 [Top]


                                                                                     Hourly by Percentile
Area                Year       Period                   Hourly Mean
                                                                                  25th          Median             75th
California          2010        1st Qtr                  $22.10              $15.75             $20.00         $29.23


View Wages for All Areas About Wages



Occupational Projections of Employment (also called "Outlook" or "Demand")                                         [Top]
                                                       Employment         Employment Change
Area               Estimated Year-Projected Year                                                    Annual Avg Openings
                                                    Estimated Projected   Number     Percent
California             2008 - 2018                     6,600     7,100      500           7.6                     150


View Projections for All Areas About Projections
 occExplorer                         232093         0601000000




Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers
(SOC Code : 23-2093)
                Title Examiners, A
in California

Search real estate records, examine titles, or summarize pertinent legal or insurance details for a
variety of purposes. May compile lists of mortgages, contracts, and other instruments pertaining to
titles by searching public and private records for law firms, real estate agencies, or title insurance
companies.

Employers usually expect an employee in this occupation to be able to do the job after Moderate-term
on-the-job training (1-12 months) .

View a Career Video for this occupation from America's Career InfoNet (requires Windows Media
Player)



Occupational Wages                                                                                                 [Top]


                                                                                      Hourly by Percentile
Area                Year             Period              Hourly Mean
                                                                                   25th          Median            75th
California           2010            1st Qtr              $26.50              $17.86            $25.11         $33.40


View Wages for All Areas About Wages



Occupational Projections of Employment (also called "Outlook" or "Demand")                                         [Top]
                                                        Employment         Employment Change
Area                Estimated Year-Projected Year                                                   Annual Avg Openings
                                                     Estimated Projected   Number     Percent
California              2008 - 2018                     4,800     4,300     -500        -10.4                       70


View Projections for All Areas About Projections
     U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Occupational Employment Statistics

Occupational Employment and Wages, May
2009
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants
Assist lawyers by researching legal precedent, investigating facts, or preparing legal documents. Conduct research to support a
legal proceeding, to formulate a defense, or to initiate legal action.

National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
State profile for this occupation
Metropolitan area profile for this occupation



National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:


                       Employment             Mean hourly    Mean annual
 Employment (1)                                                                 Wage RSE (3)
                         RSE (3)                 wage         wage (2)

      246,810                1.1 %              $24.08         $50,080             0.4 %




Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:


                                                  50%
    Percentile         10%           25%                     75%       90%
                                                (Median)

   Hourly Wage        $14.32         $17.67      $22.58     $29.14     $36.39

 Annual Wage (2)     $29,800     $36,760        $46,980     $60,620   $75,700




Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with
employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:


                      Industry                              Employment      Hourly mean        Annual mean
                                                                 wage          wage

                    Legal Services                 179,350      $23.30        $48,460

    Federal Executive Branch (OES Designation)     13,880       $30.08        $62,570

        Local Government (OES Designation)         13,250       $24.27        $50,480

        State Government (OES Designation)          9,790        $21.23       $44,160

     Management of Companies and Enterprises       6,000        $28.05        $58,340


Top paying industries for this occupation:


                                                              Hourly mean   Annual mean
                      Industry                   Employment
                                                                 wage          wage

    Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing        40         $39.02        $81,150

        Medical and Diagnostic Laboratories          30         $34.89        $72,560

                 Software Publishers                400         $33.98        $70,680

    Professional and Commercial Equipment and
                                                     90         $33.48        $69,650
           Supplies Merchant Wholesalers

        Computer and Peripheral Equipment
                                                     90          $33.27       $69,200
                 Manufacturing
SECTION 12 ATTACHMENT



                PARALEGAL ADVISORY TEAM MEETING
                            March 30, 2009
                      Santa Maria Superior Court

                                   AGENDA

Welcome:    Judge Jim Rigali
            Dr. Marie Comstock, AHC Paralegal Coordinator

Goal:       Develop draft of curriculum for a paralegal certificate and degree

Tools:      UCSB and Cuesta Paralegal Programs
            Draft proposal developed by Dr. Comstock
            YOUR expertise

Consider:   Development of core and electives
       Northern Santa Barbara County Bar Association Luncheon
                             March 2009

                               AGENDA
       Recommendations and Rules of Regular Practice in Dept. 2




1.   Allan Hancock College proposed legal assistant and paralegal program

2. Call for legal assistant/paralegal program advisory board volunteers

3. Recommendation and rules are still in the making (work-in-progress)

4. Your input on rules is needed

5. Ex partes

6. Calendar changes

7. Random Screening – Wand

8. Handouts for self-represented litigants

9. Melville meeting room utilization

10. Request for transcript from court reporter

11. Marking Exhibits – please come to court early enough to go through Norma to get
    your exhibits marked

12. Getting priority – please go to Norma directly to get priority

13. Security issues – if you know a client or a client’s family members are potentially
    dangerous, please let Catherine know

14. Access to Jim – Becky is shared but she has access to Jim and she is available to
    you

15. Requests for information on what happened in court- if you call Becky for
    information regarding what happened in court that day; please wait until the
    afternoon of any given day. Please understand you must wait a commercially
    reasonable time to allow Norma to meet with Becky and Judge Rigali to meet with
    Becky.

16. Future Brown Bag – will be held but not in April because Judge Rigali will be
    attending a 3-day judicial education session with Judge Garcia

17. Questions and suggestion
Criteria C. Curriculum Standards

Core Courses for the Certificate of Achievement in Paralegal Studies
Students must complete all core courses. A total of 24 semester units are required.

Semester 1 (Fall)
PLGL 101      Intro to Paralegal Studies            3 units [English 300 Advisory]
PLGL 102      Criminal Law and Procedure            3 units [English 300 Advisory]
BUS 110       Contract Law                          3 units [English 300 Advisory]

Semester 2 (Spring)
PLGL 103      Civil Litigation                      3 units [English 100
Prerequisite]
PLGL 104      Legal Research and Writing            3 units [English 100
Prerequisite]
PLGL 107      Ethics for Paralegals                 1 unit   [English 300 Advisory]

Semester 3 (Summer)
PLGL 106      Case Management                       3 units [PLGL 103 Prerequisite]
PLGL 105      Legal Analysis and Writing            3 units [PLGL 104 Prerequisite]
PLGL 149      Occupational Work Experience          2 units

Core courses for A.S. Degree in Paralegal Studies
The A.S. Degree requires completion of 60 units including, 24 paralegal core units, a
minimum of 12 paralegal selected units, and completion of graduation requirements.

Semester 1 (Fall) Required Courses:
PLGL 101      Intro to Paralegal Studies            3 units [Eligibility for English
300]
PLGL 102      Criminal Law and Procedure            3 units [Eligibility for English
300]
BUS 110       Contract Law                          3 units [Eligibility for English
300]


Semester 2 (Spring) Required Courses:
PLGL 103      Civil Litigation                      3 units [English 100
Prerequisite]
PLGL 104      Legal Research and Writing            3 units [English 100
Prerequisite]
PLGL 107      Ethics for Paralegals                 1 unit   [Eligibility for English
300]


Semester 3 (Summer) Required Courses:
PLGL 106      Case Management                       3 units [PLGL 103 Prerequisite]
PLGL 105      Legal Analysis and Writing           3 units [PLGL 104 Prerequisite]
PLGL 149      Occupational Work Experience         2 units

Semester 4 ( Selected Courses) - Select Four):
PLGL 108       Wills and Trusts                    3 units [PLGL 101 Prerequisite]
PLGL 109       Family Law                          3 units [PLGL 101 Prerequisite]
PLGL 110       Intellectual Property Law           3 units [PLGL 101 Prerequisite]
PLGL 112       Corporations, Partnership, LLC      3 units [PLGL 101 Prerequisite]
PLGL 111       Tort Law for Paralegals             3 units [PLGL 101 Prerequisite]
RE 301         Legal Aspects of Real Estate        3 units
CBOT 305       Legal Office Procedures             3 units

For general education requirements see the attached Allan Hancock College general
education requirement list (24 units). Students may choose courses required in the
general education categories (no specific choices are required). For students
intending to transfer, students should complete the CSU-GE or IGETC pattern.

Attachments – Outlines of Record for Required Courses

14. Transfer Applicability
Transfer Opportunities for Students with Paralegal Certificate/Associate Degree
(Summer 2010)
CSU San Bernardino
BA in Criminal Justice, Paralegal Studies Option
http://www.assist.org/web-
assist/report.do?agreement=aa&reportPath=REPORT_2&reportScript=Rep2.pl&even
t=19&dir=1&sia=AHC&ria=CSUSB&ia=AHC&oia=CSUSB&aay=09-10&ay=10-
11&dora=CJUS+BA+P

The following are CSU and UC ABA Approved Paralegal Education Programs:
CSU East Bay
Paralegal Studies Certificate
CSU Los Angeles
Paralegal Studies Post-Baccalaureate Certificate
San Francisco State – College of Extended Learning
Paralegal Studies Certificate Program (30 upper division units)
UC Irvine Extension
Business, Management and Legal Programs Certificate
UC Los Angeles Extension
Post-Baccalaureate Paralegal Training Program
UC Riverside Extension
Paralegal Certificate Program
UC Santa Barbara
Paralegal Professional Certificate Program
The following are Independent University ABA Approved Paralegal Education
Programs:
John F Kennedy University
BA in Legal Studies and Post-Associate Certificate in Legal Studies
National University
BS in Paralegal Studies Program and Post-baccalaureate and post-secondary
Paralegal Studies Certificates
University of La Verne
BS in Legal Studies and Paralegal Studies Certificate

Paralegal and Legal Studies Programs, Regionally Accredited:
Kaplan University
Associate Degree in Paralegal Studies, Bachelor’s Degree in Paralegal Studies, and
Bachelor’s Degree in Legal Studies

Brandman
Bachelor’s Degree in Legal Studies

Attachments - Articulation Agreements


Criteria D. Adequate Resources

15. Learning Resource Plan
A librarian with a J.D. degree has determined the need for $2,166 for student learning
resources. In addition, $10,875 has been allotted by 2010-2011 CTEA funds for
paralegal instructional materials.

16. Facilities and Equipment plan
Existing facilities and equipment will be utilized.

17. Financial Support Plan
The program will use existing financial resources.

18. Faculty Qualifications
Faculty members must have a J.D. or qualify for an equivalency based on experience
(including paralegal experience) and appropriate coursework.

Criteria E. Compliance

19. Based on model curriculum (if applicable)
The program design is not based on a model developed for statewide or national use.

20. Licensing or Accreditation Standards
          California Paralegals / Legal Assistants
                Certification Requirements

California legislation (AB 1761) makes it unlawful for persons to identify themselves as
paralegals unless they possess one of the following four requirements:

    1. A certificate of completion from a paralegal program approved by the
      American Bar Association.

    2. A certificate of completion from a paralegal program at, or a degree
      from, a postsecondary institution that requires the successful completion
      of a minimum of 24 semester, or equivalent, units in law-related courses
      and that has been accredited by a national or regional accrediting
      organization or approved by the Bureau for Private Postsecondary and
      Vocational Education.

    3. A baccalaureate degree or an advanced degree in any subject, a
      minimum of one year of law-related experience under the supervision of
      an attorney who has been an active member of the State Bar of California
      for at least the preceding three years or who has practiced in the federal
      courts of this state for at least the preceding three years, and a written
      declaration from this attorney stating that the person is qualified to perform
      paralegal tasks.

    4. A high school diploma or general equivalency diploma, a minimum of
      three years of law-related experience under the supervision of an attorney
      who has been an active member of the State Bar of California for at least
      the preceding three years or who has practiced in the federal courts of this
      state for at least the preceding three years, and a written declaration from
      this attorney stating that the person is qualified to perform paralegal tasks.
      This experience and training shall be completed no later than December
      31, 2003.



 CONTINUING LEGAL EDUCATION REQUIREMENT

 Every two years, commencing January 1, 2007, any person that is
 working as a paralegal shall be required to certify completion of
1. Four hours of mandatory continuing legal education in legal ethics.

and

2. Four hours of mandatory continuing legal education in either
general law or in a specialized area of law.

All continuing legal education courses shall meet the requirements of Section 6070.
Certification of these continuing education requirements shall be made with the
paralegal's supervising attorney. The paralegal shall be responsible for keeping a
record of the paralegal's certifications.

If the educational criteria are not met, the individual is in violation of the Business &
Professions Code Section 6450(d).




 Certification and other qualifications. Although most employers do not require
 certification, earning voluntary certification from a professional national or local
 paralegal organization may offer advantages in the labor market. Many national and
 local paralegal organizations offer voluntary paralegal certifications by requiring
 students to pass an exam. Other organizations offer voluntary paralegal certifications
 by meeting certain criteria such as experience and education.

 The National Association of Legal Assistants (NALA), for example, has established
 standards for certification that require various combinations of education and
 experience. Paralegals who meet these standards are eligible to take a 2-day
 examination. Those who pass the exam may use the Certified Legal Assistant (CLA)
 or Certified Paralegal (CP) credential. NALA certification is for a period of five years
 and 50 hours of continuing education is required for recertification. According to the
 NALA, as of September 4, 2009, there were 15,652 Certified Paralegals in the United
 States. NALA also offers the Advanced Paralegal Certification for experienced
 paralegals who want to specialize. The Advanced Paralegal Certification program is a
 curriculum-based program offered on the Internet.

 The American Alliance of Paralegals, Inc., offers the American Alliance Certified
 Paralegal (AACP) credential, a voluntary certification program. Paralegals seeking
 the AACP certification must possess at least 5 years of paralegal experience and meet
 one of three educational criteria. Certification must be renewed every 2 years,
 including the completion of 18 hours of continuing education.
 In addition, the National Federation of Paralegal Associations (NFPA) offers the
 Registered Paralegal (RP) designation to paralegals with a bachelor's degree and at
 least 2 years of experience who pass an exam. To maintain the credential, workers
 must complete 12 hours of continuing education every 2 years. The National
 Association of Legal Secretaries (NALS) offers the Professional Paralegal (PP)
certification to those who pass a four-part exam. Recertification requires 75 hours of
continuing education.
Paralegals must be able to document and present their findings and opinions to their
supervising attorney. They need to understand legal terminology and have good
research and investigative skills. Familiarity with the operation and applications of
computers in legal research and litigation support also is important. Paralegals should
stay informed of new developments in the laws that affect their area of practice.
Participation in continuing legal education seminars allows paralegals to maintain and
expand their knowledge of the law. In fact, all paralegals in California must complete
4 hours of mandatory continuing education in either general law or a specialized area
of law.
Because paralegals frequently deal with the public, they should be courteous and
uphold the ethical standards of the legal profession. The NALA, the NFPA, and a few
States have established ethical guidelines for paralegals to follow.

21. Student Selection and Fees
Admission requirements to the paralegal degree and certificate program are the same
as the admission requirements to Allan Hancock College (age and residency). Fees
are the same as those required of all Allan Hancock College students. During the
legal research class, students will have an approximate $60 per semester fee for legal
research software access (i.e. Westlaw Paralegal)