Corapci, F., Senturk, N., Yerlioglu, A.E., & Yağmurlu, B. (2008, July). Amount of time
spent in child care and emotion regulation competence. Poster presented at the the
20th Biennial Meeting of International Society for the Study of Behavioural
Development (ISSBD), Würzburg, Germany.
With increasing maternal employment, there are rising numbers of children who
experience extensive amount of child care (CC) early on. The present study uses data
from an ongoing study in Turkey to examine the relation between the amount of time
spent in CC and children’s emotion regulation (ER) competence. Based on previous
research, we hypothesized that spending large amounts of time in CC would predict poor
ER competence. The sample consisted of 77 children (39 females, 38 males), their
mothers, and CC caregivers. The average children age was 56.25 months (SD= 8.54).
Mothers were on average 35.5 years old (SD = 4.8), and 96% of them had at least high
school education. About 67% of the mothers were employed.
Mothers and teachers completed the Emotion Regulation Checklist (ERC; Shields &
Cichetti, 1997). Mothers also filled out a demographic questionnaire. Hierarchical
regression analyses were conducted to predict mother and teacher ratings of ER with
child variables (age and gender) entered in the first block, maternal education in the
second block, and time spent in CC per week in the third block. Per teacher report, child
age and maternal education were significant predictors of ER. Time spent in CC failed to
make a significant independent contribution over and above the other main effects. Per
mother report, time in CC was marginally and positively associated with ER while
controlling for child and family characteristics. Implications of these findings will be
discussed with respect to CC quality and caretaking within the Turkish culture.