Sept. 25 th Agenda by tae47486


									                       Sept. 25th Agenda

     Time               Activity

•    3:30 pm             CBC News In Review Oct. 2003
               »   “Ontario Votes: The Election of 2003”

•    4:00 pm            Lecture: “Concepts of Regionalism”
                                (Two Chapters Handed Out)
•    4:45 pm Break

•    5:00 pm            Lecture Continues

•    5:30 pm            CBC News In Review April 2006
               »   “Haiti Votes: Democracy Takes On Fear”
               »   “New Orleans: Six Months After Katrina”

    Next Day: We will begin our look at the Ontario Region
              - Chapter from Bone.

• An area homogeneous with respect
  to defined criteria.
• The conscious subdivision, for whatever
  purpose, of a whole into parts\
• The identification of less-than-continental or
  less-than-national, patterns that clear
  enough, and significant enough, to be
          Ch. 10 Regions & Regionalism

Bases of Regional Diversity:
• A product of physical variety: (20million sq km)
    – latitude & aspect
    – Desert, ice cap, plain, mountain

• Uneven distribution of:
    – fertile soils or smooth relief
    – minerals, forests, water
    – Some areas are disadvantaged - little or no resources

• Position within the continent/nation - social organization - judged with
  reference to the nation and its core as well as to other regions,
  nations and continents
         Ch. 10 Regions & Regionalism
• North American Regions are both inward-looking and
   – Examples of outward-looking regions:
      • East coast & Europe
      • Southern coast & Latin America
      • Western coast & Asia
   – Examples of inward-looking regions:
      • Interior of the continent & Toronto, Chicago, Winnipeg & St. Louis

• Time and market relationships play important roles

• Historical relationships and physical location and
  barriers (mountains) help to develop direction of trade
  and commerce
Five Factors of Regional Diversity

         1.   Physical
         2.   Positional
         3.   Cultural
         4.   Amenity
         5.   Economic
   Ch. 10 Regions & Regionalism

• Cultural Factor:
      • Inhabited by Aboriginal Peoples
      • Settlement by England, France & Spain
      • Imported Africans brought another culture
      • Issues of language, race & politics
      • Black power, Red power, Brown Power,
        Quebec Liberationists
      • Influences in architecture, law, education and
       Ch. 10 Regions & Regionalism
• Amenity - Another factor
     • High-amenity areas tend to attract and low-amenity areas tend
       to repel.

     • Low-amenity: - subsistence living; little choice in life-style,
       occupation, and place to live.

     • High-amenity: - margin of surplus; wide range of choice is
       possible in what to do and where to do it

  – Considerable portion of N.A. have access to high-
       Ch. 10 Regions & Regionalism

• Economics:
     • Advancement versus stagnation
     • Rich & poor - side by side - impacting on each other
     • Wide variations in income levels, costs and standard of living

  – Regional conditions are affected by “legacies and
   Chapter 1: Regions and Themes

• Landscape:
    • The look of a place and to the many messages
      inherent in what is visible.

    • Evidence of resident’s past and present goals
      and accomplishments (legacies) often appear in
      a place’s landscape (Trois Rivieres - in Video)

    • Location and surrounding territories, the
      opportunities (stimuli) inherent in each - affect
      the evolution of the landscape
               Chapter 1: Regions and Themes

• Geographers use regions as:
   – a system of categorization
   – a way of organizing large, complex sets of facts about
     places into a compact, meaningful set of areas

• Regions are satisfactory if they:
   – identify patterns
   – Make contributions of discrete information
   – Help clarify spatial complexity
     Chapter 1: Regions and Themes

• Geographers define regions as:
  – either nodal or uniform
  – Single-featured or multifeatured

• Nodal region:(functional region)
  – Characterized by a set of places connected by lines
    of communication or movement to another place that
    serves as a focus (or node) for the entire set

  – E.g. a milkshed - the set of places that send raw milk
    to a central market.
 Chapter 1: Regions and Themes

• Uniform Region: (formal region)
   – A territory where one or more features are present
     throughout the area and are either absent or unimportant
     beyond it.

   – Single-featured Uniform Region: e.g. the drainage basin
     of the Mississippi River

   – Multi-featured Uniform Region: e.g. combined physical &
     cultural elements

• Boundaries between adjacent multifeatured
  regions are seldom sharp and well defined - the
  boundaries between such regions are known as
  transition zones
 Chapter 1: Regions and Themes

• Regions and regional boundaries are
  not static
• Settlement patterns shift, society
  develops new technological abilities,
  and political patterns are altered
• Regions may expand, contract,
  appear or disappear

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