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					Water falls

Tusharagiri waterfalls (Wayanad) : The waterfalls and
the little streams in this hillly region are a natural feast
for the eyes. The water drops at two levels � the top
one being the most beautiful of them. To reach the top
one has to trek for about 30 mins from the base of the

Sentinel rock falls (Wayanad) : Locally known as
Soochipara, this is a very popular leisure destination.
While younger visitors love to romp in the pool formed
at the fall, the more restrained can have equally good fun
just taking in the scenery.

Kanthanpara (Wayanad): Relatively smaller than
Sentinel Rock and rather less frequented, Kanthanpara
and its surroundings are nevertheless very pleasant. An
easy hike away from the main road, it is perfect for

Meenmutty falls (Wayanad): An interesting 2 km jungle trek off the main Ooty road, Meenmutty is the largest and the
most spectacular waterfalls in Wayanad. A unique feature is that the water drops about 300 meters over three stages.

Athirapally (Trichur): The Chalakudy River plunges down 80ft transforming it into an extraordinary billow of white

Vazhachal (Trichur): Though not as spectacular as Athirapally, Vazhachal has its own charm. Near the waterfall is a
medicinal herb garden with plants that can cure arthritis, skin diseases and blood pressure. The waterfall is open only
between 8am and 6pm and swimming is not allowed.Cheeyapara (Munnar) : The Cheeyapara Falls plunge from a
height of over 500 ft right next to the highway � a popular bathing site for tourists eager to rid themselves of the
grime and dust of the plains.

Valara (Munnar): Just a kilometer away from the Cheeyapara Falls, this waterfall cascades tumultuously into a thickly
forested ravine below the road.

Athukkad (Munnar): Located deep in the valley, its one of Munnar's major lures. The Athukkad falls, which becomes
a roaring, untamed cascade when the monsoon peeks in July � August is an enduring sight.
Palaruvi falls (Kollam): These falls are a slender thread of water falling from a height of 300 feet. The name Palaruvi
translates to �Stream of Milk". The water collects in a little pond below where bathing is allowed. To get to the falls,
you'll have to take a narrow road through the woods, which is level at first and then goes uphill.

ckages take a break, chill out or go wild in this place where Gods themselves Holiday…… Saroma brings to you
these immensely popular tourist destinations, Showered with eternal sunshine, Kerala- God's own country is a nature
lovers' paradise. The lush tropical evergreen rain forests which support a rich array of land, marine and avian wildlife
is still astoundingly unblemished ……

Snuggled up in the fertile forests of the Western Ghats in
Kerala are two national parks and twelve wildlife
sanctuaries. Each one is a home to rare animals, birds,
reptiles, insects and plants…..

From the dying out Lion-tailed Macaque, to the Nilgiri
Tahr, from the Travancore Evening Brown Atlas Moth -
the largest in the world, to one of the rarest butterflies in
the world to the Neelakurinji that blooms once every
twelve years toPodocarpus Walichianu…...

Periyar WLS (Thekkady) � One of the most popular
Wild Life Sanctuary (WLS) of the country and
southernmost tiger reserve of India. It is also one of the
18 hotspots in the world recognized for their bio-
diversity. Key fauna � Tiger, Elephants, Bison,
Sambar, rich variety of migratory birds etc. It is also
known for its rich floral wealth, scenic beauty and
bracing climate.
                                            Aralam WLS (Kannur) � Key fauna includes Elephant, sloth bear, mouse d
                                            birds and reptiles can also be seen here.

                                            Eravikulam WLS (Idukki) � Largest population of the Nilgiri Thar is sighte
                                            include Sambar, giant Malabar squirrel, Nilgiri langue etc. Best season is from

                                            Chinnar WLS (Idukki) � Located 60 kms from Munnar, this park houses E
                                            Deer, Sambar, Gaur, giant grizzled Squirrels and Peacocks. There is also a ch
                                            legendary �White Bison of Manjampatti". Tiger and Panther sightings have

                                            Parambikulam WLS (Palakkad) � This excellent sanctuary is home to spec
                                            Sambar, spotted Dear, Nilgiri Langur, lion tailed macaque, Sloth bear etc. Bes
                                            to April.

                                            Neyyar Dam & WLS (Pathanamthitta) � It contains Lion Safari Park, Croc
                                            variety of birds and mammals.

                                            Muthanga WLS (Wayanad) � It is an integral part of Nilgiri biosphere rese
                                            Mudumalai WLS in Tamil Nadu, Bandipore & Nagarhole in Karnataka distric
                                            December to April. More information on Wayanad

Tholpetty WLS (Wayanad) � The northern part and extension of Muthanga wildlife sanctuary.

Thattekkad bird sanctuary (Ernakulam) � This is the first bird sanctuary of Kerala. Water birds and other rare
species of birds can be seen here. Best season is from September to March.

Parassinikadavu Snake farm � A unique snake farm dedicated to the preservation and conservation of snakes. It
is home to very rare species of reptiles from all over the world.

Kumarakom � Bird sanctuary located here is home to many migratory birds.

Silent Valley National Park (Palakkad) � It is located in perhaps the last substantial stretch of evergreen rain
forests in India. Key fauna includes Elephant, Deer, etc. Best season is from September to March.

Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary � A beautiful location and home to many rare varieties of birds.

Hill station

Saroma offers an exclusive custom made package to experience the Blue Mountains where a cooling mist wraps
itself around the spice-covered hills of the Kerala… a distinct tusker’s noise announces a call by the serene lake….
As the sun goes down on the hill crested horizon, and the gin-and – tonic in your hand spreads warmth harmonized
by the serenity of these enchanting hill stations ofWayanad, Munnar, Idukki and Wagamon you cannot escape
appreciating Saroma’s personalized attention….

Munnar: Munnar is Kerala's most famous hill station
perched at an altitude of 5000 ft in the Western Ghats. It
is also the center of Kerala's premier tea-growing district
aptly known as the High Range. Tea is Munnar's claim
to fame. More than 12000 hectares of lush, manicured
tea fields form an irresistible canvas against which
honeymooners pose. Stately Eucalyptus plantations
sway gently in the wind with their fragrance wafting
over Munnar and Shoal trees hug the mist-shrouded
hillsides, sheltering many highly endangered species of
wildlife. More information on Munnar

Wayanad: Home to exotic legends, ancient ruins,
mysterious mountain caves, aborigine tribes, hidden
treasures, tree houses, jungle trails and exotic wildlife,
this is a perfect setting for a hundred great adventures.
Dominated by the Western Ghats, Wayanad's terrain is
characterized by the extensive stretches of wilderness
and has a distinctive characteristic of its own. More
information on Wayanad

Pakshipathalam (Wayanad): Located deep within the forest in the Brahmagiri hills at an altitude of more than 1700
mtrs, Pakshipathalam is a formation of large boulders, some as tall as two-storey building. The deep caves found
here are home to a wide variety of birds, animals and distinctive species of plants.

Vythiri (Wayanad): Vythiri is an unassuming little town and there are quite a few interesting places in which to stay
here, many of which merge completely with the forest environs. All the places that a tourist might like to visit are
within a 40km radius of the town. It makes a befitting playing for our imagination.

Nelliyampathy (Palakkad): At 4600 ft above sea level, Nelliyampathy can be described as a tiny hill station for its
foothills is lined richly with coffee, tea and orange plantations. The presence of the swamps of Nelli (gooseberry)
trees, are said to have given Nelliyampathy its name. Spending time here is all about soaking in the hills, spotting
wildlife or savouring the beautiful panorama from vantage points around the place.

Thekkady (Lord of the Jungles): Thekkady derived its name from thekku (teak) trees, which is abundant here, and
there is an irresistible charm in watching majestic elephants and bright-eyed tigers in an environment, which is truly
theirs. The sprawling Periyar Tiger Reserve, which is located here at an altitude of 2900 � 6000 ft, is the largest
sanctuary in the state of Kerala. Declared as a protected area way back in 1933 by the Maharaja of Travancore, the
sanctuary covers an area of 777 sq kms. Coffee and spice plantations are also seen here.
Vagamon: It is located in the Sahya range of the Western Ghats in Idukki's border with Kottayam. The cool air and
easy placidity makes Vagamon one of the most beautiful hill station of Idukki. It is famous for a string of three hills,
each dedicated to three different religions (Hindu, Muslim & Christian) and all of them co-existing peacefully.

Saroma brings to you the untouched beaches of Kerala, to have a vacation you will cherish all through your life.
Pamper yourself in beach activities, sip energizing and fresh coconut water, Unwind on the golden shoreline, and try
the Ayurvedic massages when you are here….

The 600 km long seashore of Kerala is famous for its beaches all over the world. The beaches of Kerala are dotted
by palms and coconut trees, stunning and unsoiled…..

 Kovalam, arguably Kerala's most famous tourist attraction and India's most famous beach, is a beach town on th
km on the outskirts of Thiruvananthapuram. It is an internationally renowned beach with three adjacent crescent
by rocky headlands. The sands on the beaches in Kovalam are partially black in colour. There are two main beac
                                     by a high cliff and there is small lighthouse in the Eve's beach.

 Looking around this sun-and-sand paradise, it is difficult to imagine that this was once just a fishing village with
                                         hippies discovered this hidden jewel. The seaport of

      Vizhinjam is about 3 km away and famous for its special varieties of fish, old Hindu temples, big churches

The leisure options at this beach are plenty and diverse - sunbathing, swimming, herbal body toning massages,
special cultural programmes, Catamaran cruising and so on. Life on the beach begins late in the day and carries on
well into the night.

Kovalam is finding a new significance in the light of several Ayurvedic salons, and recuperation and regeneration
resorts that provide a slew of Ayurvedic treatments for the tourists. The virgin beaches on the southern side of
Kovalam up to Poovar are enchanting. The sea view from the hillocks of Poomkulam on a sunny day is simply awe-
Shangumugham Beach is perhaps the best place in Thiruvananthapuram to catch the play of light. It has always
been more hospitable than the farther located Kovalam beach. It is closer to the town and fantastically flat. For some
reason it continues to be patronized with restraint by inland and foreign tourists and hence retains a virgin appeal.

                                                Cherai Beach is 30 km from Kochi, business capital of Kerala. The 10 km
                                                beach, bordering the Vypeen Island, is ideal for swimming and sunbathing
                                                western side and the backwaters (Vembanad lake) on the east give this be
                                                found only in Kerala. Thick coconut groves and Chinese fishing nets on th
                                                attractions. Dolphins are occasionally sighted here.

                                                One can get a glimpse of rural Kerala and Prawn farming (Cherai's main i
                                                villages. The scenic beauty of coconut groves and paddy fields surroundin

                                                Kappad Beach, situated 16 Km from Kozhikode town, this pleasant stret
                                                Kappakkadavu for locals. To the tourist it is one of the most charming of
                                                finds mention in history and geography texts as the gateway to the Malaba
                                                170 men led by the Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama sailed in and ste
                                                18th 1498 to create a new chapter in history.

                                                A moss-covered monument on this beach marks this famous historical eve
                                                temple believed to be 800 years old. The best route to Kappad is along the
                                                non-crowded, the picturesque backwaters of Kozhikode offer a bewitchin

Beypore Beach is located at the mouth of the Chaliyar River in Kozhikode district. Beypore, one of the prominent
ports and fishing harbours of ancient Kerala was an important trade and maritime centre. Beypore for centuries has
been a famous shipbuilding center. Its Uru or country craft built by traditional Khalasis still has a huge market and
continues to attract buyers from Middle East. One can see large boats (some 65 mt long and 700 tonne weight) being
worked on often by expert Khalasis. All the work including rolling the huge beams into place is done manually. It
takes almost a year to carve and shape an Uru out of teak and Jackfruit timber.

The Beypore Beach has a bridge built nearly 2 kms into the sea. It is actually made up of huge stones piled together
for nearly 2 kms making a pathway into the sea.

Thangasseri Beach is a three-kilometer long beach on the picturesque seaside village of Thangasseri. On the beach
stands a 144 feet tall lighthouse - a silent sentinel warning seamen of the treacherous reefs of the Thangasseri, since

Thangasseri was once a favourite settlement of the Portuguese, the Dutch and the English in succession.Today, it
showcases a few ruined forts built by the Portuguese, and the Dutch and some 18th century churches.

Varkala Beach blesses every visitor with the undiluted joy of being an explorer, even if for the short duration of a
memorable journey. If you were a mariner sailing towards the coast of south Kerala, at Varkala a ragged line of red
cliffs would greet you. The green coconut palms and the deep blue sky add a stunning contrast to this silhouette.
The northern cliff from Varkala descends into the Thiruvambady Black Sand Beach � a short stretch for those
seeking silence and serenity by the sea. It is also possible to climb down from the Northern cliff or drive down to
reach here. This beach offers all amenities of the north cliff minus the bustle of the shops.

Papanasham Beach is located near Varkala beach and a dip in the sea here is considered holy. The panorama of
the crescent-shaped beach is heightened by the long stretch of red laterite cliffs, which is an irresistible feature of the
beach. A natural spring said to have curative powers originates from the cliff. The 2000-year-old Sree Janardhana
Swamy Temple, Nature Care Centre and the final resting place of the great social reformer, Sree Narayana Guru
atop a hill called Sivagiri are the other main attractions here.

According to a myth, sage Narada was approached by a group of mendicants who confessed to having sinned.
Narada threw his valkkalam (cloth made of the bark of a tree) into the air, and the place where it landed was
subsequently named Varkala. The mendicants were directed by Narada to offer their prayers in the newly created
place by the seashore. The place where they prayed for redemption came to be known as the Papanasham Beach
(Papanasham means redemption from sins).

Padinjarekkara Beach is at the end of the Tipu Sultan road near Ponnani. The beach offers a breathtaking view of
the confluence of the Bharatha puzha, the Tirur puzha, and the Arabian Sea.

 Bekal Beach is a shallow beach that offers unmatched
  experience of the sun, sea and the sand. The beach is
   located in Kasaragod, the northernmost district of
   Kerala. Kasaragod is renowned as the land of gods,
        forts, rivers, hills and beautiful beaches.

The imposing circular fort at Bekal is one of the largest
  and best-preserved forts in Kerala. The historic Bekal
fort offers a superb view of the Arabian Sea from its tall
   observation towers, where a few centuries ago huge
cannons used to be placed. Today, the Bekal fort and its
 surroundings are fast becoming an international tourist
      destination and a favorite shooting locale for

  Muzhappilangad is a stretch of coastline garlanded
  with lovely beaches in Thalassery. Muzhappilangad
 beach is among the longest in Kerala and perhaps the
 only drive-in beach in Asia. You can drive all the way
up to Kannur on the tightly packed sand. A ring of black
 rock protects the shallow sea from the currents of the
                     deeper ocean.

Payyambalam is the biggest beach in Kannur, and hence attracts the maximum number of people. At the entrance is
a garden with a huge sculpture of a mother and child by noted sculptor Kannayi Kunhiraman.
Kozhikode Beach is a good spot within the city limits to while away the time. A walk along the beach with the sea
breeze in your face is a soothing experience. Stand at the tip of the old bridge over the breaking waves and one may
even spot a dolphin or two far out in the sea. This is also called Dolphin Point.

Thikkodi Lighthouse remains a guiding beacon for many a seafarer in Kozhikode. The lighthouse can be seen from
Kappad beach itself. Climb up the long winding stairs to the top of the lighthouse and enjoy a breathtaking view of the
Arabian Sea.

Payyoli in Kozhikode is synonymous with P T Usha, India's sprint queen, who hails form this tiny village. The Payyoli
beach has seen her perfect her sport on its sands.

Chavakkad Beach in Trichur is an inviting stretch that lies bare, without any shacks, hotels or food stalls. There is
the charming 100ft lighthouse and once you climb the 145 steps, you get a panoramic view of the sea in front and a
vast canopy of tightly packed thickets of coconut plantations at the back.

Fort Kochi Beach is a quite small but clean stretch. It has a pretty lighthouse at one end. People can recline on the
white sands to watch ships proceeding to Lakshadweep.

Alleppey Beach: Alappuzha was once the busiest coast of South India and its canals and backwaters helped in the
passage of cargo. The lighthouse and the 1000-ft long pier, built by Captain Hugh Crawford, helped the boats ferry
across. Today the pier is a mere skeleton of its past, bricks fallen off or been washed away by the sea and its too
risky to walk on it. Yet it exudes an unmistakable colonial air.

Kerala's backwaters - the most popular tourist attraction of Kerala….

With its palm-fringed, tranquil backwaters which
were once the states trade highways. Kerala is her
backwaters and lakes. They have a bearing on her
history, shaped her present and promise a future by
virtue of offering incomparable beauty and unique
experiences… Experience the tranquil environs in
Saroma’s own magnificent houseboat.

The Backwater of Kerala is one of the most popular
and sought after tourist destination of Kerala.
Backwaters are a chain of brackish lagoons and lakes
lying parallel to the Coastline (known as the Malabar
Coast) of Kerala. The network includes five large
lakes (including Ashtamudi Kayal and Vembanad
Kayal) linked by 1500 km of canals, both manmade
and natural, fed by 38 rivers, and stretching virtually
half the length of Kerala state. The backwaters were
formed by the action of waves and shore currents
creating low barrier islands across the mouths of the
many rivers flowing down from the Western Ghats.

Vembanad Lake is the largest of the lakes and the place was once known as the rice bowl of
Kerala. It covers an area of 200 sq km bordered by Alappuzha (Alleppey), Kottayam, and
Ernakulam districts. The port of Kochi (Cochin) is located at the lake's outlet to the Arabian
Sea. Alleppey, �Venice of the East" has a large network of canals that meander through the
town. During monsoon, these backwaters reverberate with the sound of the traditional snake
boat races (Vallam Kali), a major tourist attraction, featuring the 130 feet long Chundan

The three main backwaters in Kerala are :

Alappuzha Backwaters: Backwater cruise along the Punnamada Kayal takes you along
canals past scenic islands. Its beauty is not merely in its backwaters, but in the man-made
islands that you will find here. These islands are hedged by mud walls, which are a haven
for migratory birds, and with paddy fields inundated with water all through the year. It is
also perhaps the only place on earth where farming is done below sea level.

Valiyaparamba Backwaters: The scenic Valiyaparamba backwater is an unexplored and
rush-free area for cruising up north of Kerala. Numerous little islands, narrow strips of
beaches and densely packed grooves of palm and areca-nut are fed by four swiftly flowing
rivers. One can spend the whole day (or stay overnight) exploring the backwaters.

Kochi Backwaters: Kochi, also known as �The Queen of Arabian Sea", is the perfect
example of the symbiotic relationship between the land and the sea. The Vembanad Kayal is
home to the fisher folk. You can see them gliding along in their graceful canoes, wide nets

 Kettuvallam is a
kind of houseboat in
    Kerala. The
   kettuvallam or
�boat with knots'-
is so called because
  the entire boat is
 held together with
coir knots only - not
even a single nail is
   used during the

    During the time
 when road and rail
  transportation was
       expensive or
unavailable, this was
   the main mode of
    transportation in
inland waterways for
   the traders. These
 Kettuvallams were
   used to carry rice
    and spices from
     Kuttanad to the
    Kochi port. The
   boats had enough
facilities for cooking
 and sleeping for the
boatmen. Sometimes
 boatmen's families
  also accompanied
       them. These
 boatmen were also
 famous for the folk
    songs they sang
    while rowing the
   boat and for their
    style of cooking
        which they
   developed for the
conditions inside the
   When the modern trucks replaced this system of transport, Kettuvallams were converted
     into houseboats for leisure travel. Only natural products are used in the construction of
   houseboat. Bamboo mats, sticks and wood of the areca-nut tree are used for roofing, coir
 mats and wooden planks for the flooring and wood of coconut trees and coir for beds. The
      outside of the boat is painted using cashew nut oil, which acts as a protective coating.

 Today, the houseboats have all the creature comforts of a good hotel including furnished
  bedrooms, modern toilets, cozy living rooms, a kitchen and even a balcony for angling.
   Parts of the curved roof of wood or plaited palm open out to provide shade and allow
uninterrupted views. While most boats are poled by local oarsmen, an engine powers some.
 Boat trains - formed by joining two or more houseboats together - are also used by large
                                   groups of sightseers.
What is truly magical about a houseboat ride is the breathtaking view of the untouched and
             otherwise inaccessible rural Kerala that it offers - while you float!

Kali (or Vallamkali)
     literally means
traditional boat game
  (race). It is mainly
conducted during the
season of the harvest
    festival Onam in
   monsoon. Vallam
  Kali includes races
   of many kinds of
  traditional boats of
 Kerala. The race of
   Chundan Vallam
  (snake boat) is the
  major item. Hence
 Vallam Kali is also
 known in English as
Snake Boat Race and
   is a major tourist

 To watch the grand
 gala race, thousands
 of people assemble
 on the banks of the
   river. The sight
 becomes endearing
  when one looks at
     the beautifully
   decorated boats
   being rowed by
 oarsmen dressed in
   white dhotis and
turbans. A traditional
  song Vanchipattu,
 sung on the rhythm
      produced by
  splashing of boats
  further adds to the
overall excitement of
    the team event.
Each boat comprises
of 150 men of whom
 four are helmsmen,
 25 men are singers
   and 125 are the
   actual oarsmen.
    The most remarkable feature of the Snake Boat Race is the depiction of the great team
  spirit. It also displays the importance of being united and to be in harmony with nature. A
  single mistake by one person can produce imbalance and could lead to the overturning of
                                             the boat.

                           The popular Boat races in Kerala are :

Chambakulam Boat race: The oldest among Alleppey's boat races, it celebrates the arrival
               of Lord Krishna's idol at the Ambalapuzha temple.

Aranmula Boat race: Twenty-six boats recreate the journey of the idol of Aranmula's Sri
Parthasarthy Temple, which was brought to the temple on a bamboo raft during Aranmula's
     boat race. This is held in the Malayalam month of Chingam (August-September)

 Payippad Boat race: It is held on the third day of Onam and celebrates the installation of
    the idol found in the Payippad lake at the Subramanya Swamy Temple in Haripad.

  Punnamada boat race: World famous and the best among all the boat races in Kerala.
    Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru was once invited for a boat ride from Kottayam to
Alleppey. En route, he witnessed a boat race on Alleppey's Punnamada Lake, which excited
him so much that he jumped into the boat that won the race. The Punnamada boat race, held
  every year on the second Saturday of August, is now known across the world as Nehru
                                    Trophy boat race.

Indira Gandhi Boat Race: It is held during Onam (August � September), Kerala's harvest
  festival. Indira Gandhi Boat race is a befitting climax to a week of revelry. Sleek Serpent
   boats (Chundans) vie with one another, the furious paddling turning the waters fronting
                    Marine Drive into one frothing melee. It is pure theatre.

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