Global Certification of Food and Feed Safety: GlobalGAP International Farm Assurance by GFMT


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									                   Digital Re-print - March | April 2011
Global Certification of Food and Feed Safety: GlobalGAP International Farm Assurance

                     Grain & Feed Milling Technology is published six times a year by Perendale Publishers Ltd of the United Kingdom.
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                     or by any means without prior permission of the copyright owner. Printed by Perendale Publishers Ltd. ISSN: 1466-3872

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Global Certification of Food and Feed Safety:                                                                                                                                                                                                                         WWW.OTTEVANGER.COM

GlobalGaP International
                                                                                                                                                                                                Termin-8 is a highly effective biocide that
                                                                                                                                                                                                eliminates Salmonella, Clostridia and E. Coli
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Aalten - Holland             Moerkapelle - Holland
                                                                                                                                                                                                in animal feed                                                                         T +31 (0)543 47 26 88        T +31 (0)79 593 52 97
                                                                                                                                                                                                Termin-8 prevents recontamination                                                      F +31 (0)543 47 54 75        F +31 (0)79 593 11 47
                                                                                                                                                                                                for at least 28 days after application
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       E      E

Farm assurance
                                                                                                                                                                                                Termin-8 offers a high level of security
                                                                                                                                                                                                in a simple, cost effective way
                                                                                                                                                                                                Termin-8 increases retailer and
                                                                                                                                                                                                consumer confidence

by Nigel Garbutt, Chairman, GlOBalG.a.P
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      CRAFTMANSHIP IN THE ANIMAL FEED AND FOOD PROCESSING INDUSTRY

     stablished in 1996 by food retailers         ers. It would be a chaotic and unimaginable      Management; Storage Facilities on Site;
     in response to BSE and a long                situation now if each of these retailers had     Processing; Finished Feed Transport and
     line of food safety crises affecting         their own standard and individual verification   Loading; Site Hygiene and Management;
consumer confidence and consump-                  audit.                                           Quality Control of Finished Feed; Ingredients
tion, GlobalGAP has developed farm                                                                 Declaration, Complaints, Documentation
assurance standards in a full range of            Safety first                                     and Traceability and Animal Protein
product areas including crops, livestock,             The core of the standard in each product         The standard is complemented by three
aquaculture and livestock feed.                   sector whether its combinable crops, feed        guidelines:
                                                  or aquaculture is ensuring food/feed safety.       • List of materials - whose circulation of
    GlobalGAP standards are rigorously veri-          These are after all non-negotiable ele-          use for animal nutrition purposes is
fied by independent third party certification     ments such as chemical usage during primary          prohibited
bodies who themselves have to meet exact-         production or hygiene factors during harvest       • Haulage Exclusion List - materials for
ing accreditation requirements and surveil-       and storage.                                         which transport is prohibited at all times
lance by GlobalGAP to ensure integrity and            The GlobalGAP Integrated Farm                    and for those materials, whose transport
trust in the certification process.               Assurance standard though takes a holistic           is prohibited unless proof of necessary
                                                  whole farm view auditing recommendations             and appropriate cleaning is presented
Going global                                      for environmental protection as well as              prior to transport.
    GlobalGAP is the largest and the most         worker welfare.                                    • Risk assessment for GlobalGAP
international farm assurance scheme world-            Overall it’s about good agricultural prac-       Compound Feed - developing the
wide with more than 100,000 producers             tices which farmers understand and practice          company-specific risk assessment, the
certified annually to ISO65 standards and in      every day. Experience over the last 10 years         Compound Feed Manufacturers are
more than 100 countries.                          of implementation has shown that it helps            required to consider this guideline.
    With more than 45 retail chains using its     producers develop more efficient businesses          GlobalGAP standards have been officially
standards to meet both consumer demands           as well as complying with burgeoning legisla-    translated into 22 languages and are available
as well as national and international legisla-    tive requirements.                               free to download at
tion certification is set to increase even fur-       Industry experts have produced the com-          There is also GlobalGAP Risk Assessment
ther in response to the globalisation of food     pound feed manufacturing standard for use        on Social Practices (GRASP), a voluntary
production and sourcing where producers           by industry experts and can be used in con-      awareness raising and assessment module
look to open up new markets and develop           junction with the livestock and aquaculture      covering child labour, limiting working time
existing ones.                                    standards.                                       for adults and making sure health and safety
    Last Autumn GlobalGAP opened an                   The 14 sections that provide the control     measures are in place.
office near Washington DC as certification        points and compliance criteria for commer-           This responds to increasing consumer
interest and activity builds in North America.    cial compound feed producers are: Official       and public interest in social working practices
    Harmonisation has been key to establish       Approval; Workers Health, Safety and             and is intended to inform producers of these
standards that could be agreed amongst a          Welfare, Quality Management System and           increasingly important issues but does not
diverse group of retailers as well as produc-     HACCP; Internal Audits; Feed Ingredients         form part of the requirements for certification.

22 | march - april 2011                                                                                      Grain &feed millinG technoloGy           Grain    &feed millinG technoloGy                                                                                                                          march - april 2011 | 23

                                                                                                           five continents and several public comment
                                                                                                           periods as part of the consultation process.
                                                                                                           Since 2001 Governance has been by an
                                                                                                           industry elected Board with half the seats
                                                                                                           being retailer representation and the other
                                                                                                           half being producer representation.
                                                                                                               Nigel Garbutt, Chairman of GlobalGAP
                                                                                                           says, “This partnership has meant robust
                                                                                                           decision making and decisions that can be
                                                                                                           practically implemented through the supply
                                                                                                           chain and in business relationships.”
                                                                                                               Unlike Fairtrade or Organic GlobalGAP
                                                                                                           is a business-to-business initiative and does
                                                                                                           not carry a consumer logo. Retailers use the
                                                                                                           standards in with their private label product
                                                                                                           development as an important means to
                                                                                                           mainstream food safety and sustainability
                                                                                                           into their Brands.

                                                                                                           Partnerships are a central part of
   Think global, act local                             global checklist is then peer reviewed by           GlobalGAP’s way of working.
        A large part of GlobalGAP’s success            all GlobalGAP stakeholders and adopted                  Buyers and sellers work with their sup-
   results from its ability to adapt a single global   by the responsible technical committee as           pliers to continuously improve standards to
   standard to differing agronomic conditions as       equivalent to the generic global checklist.         those required by today’s consumer. These
   well local legislation. This adaptation reduces     The outcome of the recognition is a national        include those farmers and growers in the
   costs to producers, increases the willingness       checklist that contains the agreed different        most difficult and challenging circumstances.
   to adopt without compromising food safety           - but consistent - wording in the national               Kenyan horticulture is a clear case where
   levels and integrity.                               business language, and is made public and           small resource poor farmers have been con-
      Certification is open to and achievable by       mandatory for all certifiers to be used in the      nected to global supply chains by developing
   any producer worldwide.                             territory of the defined scope.                     high value horticultural exports, which have
      Certified producers range from large                 The applicable certification rules which        received certification.
                                                                  are used in both cases are the               This acts like a passport into International
                                                                  GlobalGAP General Regulations            markets.
“In the future public                                             which are also published on the              The trade has expanded year on year
                                                                  website.                                 despite exacting standards or you could

                                                                                                                                                                 SACK-FILLING SYSTEMS
authorities will regard certified                                     The following reasons caused         say because of them and provides the small
producers lower risk and are                                      GlobalGAP to follow these two
                                                                                                           farmer a way to get out of poverty and
                                                                                                           obtain much need income for schooling and
likely to receive fewer public                                                                                                                                                                                                   DEVELOPMENT
                                                                                                                                                                 PALLETISING SYSTEMS
                                                                      Farming is highly related to local   health provision. National governments are
                                                                  governments and public support           also encouraging the development of private
inspections as a result”                                          systems. Any support from the
                                                                  public sector works much better
                                                                                                           voluntary standards to develop capacity and
                                                                                                           basic infrastructure to deliver safe and sus-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             AND MANUFACTURE
                                                                  with local ownership of the stand-       tainable food not just for export but home
   multinational agribusinesses to disadvantaged
   small-scale farmers. GlobalGAP has devel-
                                                       ard, that is, a logo and national branding
                                                           Local legislation and practices vary greatly
                                                                                                           markets as well.
                                                                                                                                                                                                           CUSTOM-MADE PACKAGING SYSTEMS
   oped guidelines for small-scale producers           across countries and regions and many               The future of food control                                                                         for low-fat dehydrated milk to wet sand
   to assist them in developing up to standards        standard requirements are simply not appli-             Garbutt says GlobalGAP will not become
   where they can gain certification.                  cable in a number of local production sys-          like a BSI or other public standards because                                                        in plastic or paper sacks
       National farm assurance schemes, which          tems. There is a huge benefit in reducing the       voluntary standards complement the regula-                                                           from tubular film to pre-made sacks
   engage local stakeholders can also seek             burden of irrelevant or inaccurate questions        tory system and are not a supplement for it.
   recognition against GlobalGAP through an            in a simplified self-assessment and audit proc-         He says that it is exciting that the public                                                       with or without gussets
   equivalence or benchmarking process. China,
   Chile and Mexico are a few examples that
                                                       ess, in particular among the many small and
                                                       medium sized growers worldwide
                                                                                                           and private sectors are now finding synergies
                                                                                                           between their responsibilities and work.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  from 1 to 50 kg
   have gone down this route, which helps                  The GlobalGAP integrity program serves          The private sector will quite often build up                                                            by weight or volume
   develop superior branding and identity for
   producers entering into International mar-
                                                       as additional independent check for the
                                                       continuous alignment of NIGLs
                                                                                                           producer capacity and develop tools during
                                                                                                           certification processes to meet both regula-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    from 100 to 2500 sacks per hour
   kets.                                                   These mechanisms have lead to a signifi-        tions and market requirements.                                                                            with any closure
       This local adaption is implemented in
   GlobalGAP by two related mechanisms: The
                                                       cantly higher involvement and wider support
                                                       for private voluntary standards in many
                                                                                                               “Public and private sectors each have
                                                                                                           their own clear roles but together their
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      palletised in any pattern
   National Interpretation Guidelines (NIGL)           agricultural communities and governments.           shared goal of safer food is more easily                                                                    with water-resistant stretchhood
   and the Approved Modified Checklist                                                                     reached. In the future public authorities will
   (AMC).                                              Partnerships                                        regard certified producers lower risk and are
       In both mechanisms, local stakeholders             Since the early days GlobalGAP has               likely to receive fewer public inspections as
   take the GlobalGAP standard checklist and           transformed itself organisationally to reach        a result.”
   adapt the wording to local language and             out to a wide range of private and public               Consumer trust and confidence will be                                    ARODO BVBA,  Hoge Mauw 740,  2370 Arendonk Belgium
   farming practices as well as local and national     stakeholders in its standard setting.               more easily kept he maintains with a future                                       Tel. +32 14 67 23 32,  Fax, +32 14 67 17 60
   legislation.                                           Last October saw the launch of the 4th           of the public and private sector working
       This guideline for interpretation of the        Version with stakeholder roundtables on             together.                                                                        
                                                                                                                                                              184x134_UK.indd 1                                                                            9/06/09 13:04
   24 | march - april 2011                                                                                           Grain &feed millinG technoloGy               Grain &feed millinG technoloGy                                             march - april 2011 | 25
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