John Dudeney ASSW IPY Session April 21 2005 IPY 2007-2008 Concept ICSU and WMO are co-sponsoring: An intensive burst of internationally coordinated, interdisciplinary, scientific research and observations focussed on the Earth’s Polar regions starting in 2007 IPY Themes 1. Current Status of Polar Regions 2. Change in the Polar Regions 3. Global Linkages 4. New Frontiers 5. Polar Regions as Vantage Points 6. The Human Dimension The Human Dimension also runs through the first five Themes. Data Management and Education, Outreach & Communication are present in all six themes IPY Activities since Arctic Council, Reykjavik (1) Joint Committee appointed to oversee IPY implementation – includes ex-officio members from IASC and SCAR International Programme Office established in UK (Nov 2004) International competition for IPY Director – David Carlson (USA) The implementation document “A Framework for IPY 2007-2008” was published (Nov). Available as a pdf on the IPY website ICSU-WMO issue Call for Expressions of Intent aimed particularly at projects with heavy logistic needs (Nov) – Deadline 14th Jan 05 IPY Activities since Arctic Council, Reykjavik (2) First Meeting of the Joint Committee and First Meeting of the Open Consultative Forum (March 2005) - CAFF, AMAP, FARO, U of Arctic, IPS, IASSA, IASC and ICARP II represented. IPY JC assessed ~ 900 proposals and reduced these to ~50 topics by clustering proposals along disciplinary lines. Cross-cutting noted. Assessment letters sent to primary contacts of each proposal and potential lead projects approached for each topic. Updated website launched (www.ipy.org) with searchable database of all the IPY proposals and the assessment summary Some Results from the Assessment (1) • Arctic EoI’s = 483, Antarctic = 159, Bipolar = 136 • Selection of country involvement in EoI’s (not just leading) 400 350 300 Nos. of EoI's 250 200 150 100 50 0 ia y a y ly SA K sia an ad wa al a U U It us tr m an or R us er C N A G Some Results from the Assessment (2) Distribution of EoI’s through spheres Atmosphere = 114 Geosphere = 105 Cryosphere = 146 Biosphere = 135 Hydrosphere = 98 Human Dimension = 104 Space/Earth Ob = 67 Education/Legacy = 80 Association of EoI’s with major programmes/areas CASO (S. Ocean) = 21 Permafrost = 17 iAOOS (Arctic Ocean) = 22 CliC = 65 SEARCH = 21 WAIS studies = 11 Mapping of the Clusters onto the IPY Themes THEME 1 – Status Theme 3 – Global Connections Biodiversity of Polar Regions Teleconnections between Pole and mid-latitude Clouds, aerosols, atmospheric chemistry Plate tectonics and Polar Gateways Hydrological cycle and freshwater budget Ocean circulation Theme 4 – New Frontiers Space Snapshot Exploration Beneath the Ice Ice Caps, Ice Sheets, Glaciers & Permafrost Weather and Climate Theme 5 – Vantage Point Observing System Biochemistry and Ecosystems Life in the Polar Regions Coasts and Margins Geophysical, Glaciological Atmospheric and Climate Atmosphere ocean ice (THORPEX) Observation Systems Local and indigenous visions ICESTAR Theme 2 – Change Astronomy Life Under Natural & Antropogenic Changes SPARC Migration: Invasions, expansions reductions Paleoclimate Theme 6 – Human Dimension Adaptation and Vulnerability Natural Resources Uses, Management and Conservation Transitions and Border Zones Northern Resources Rapid Change Societal Responses New Risks and Stresses (inc. contaminants and Health) Ecosystem Response to change Resources – Geosciences Evolution of Polar Glaciation Outreach and Education Preservation of IPY Legacy Mandatory IPY Activity Characteristics 1. Makes significant advances within one or more IPY themes 2. Involves at least one polar region and takes place within the IPY timeframe 3. Contributes to international collaboration 4. Presents a viable management plan and organisational structure, including a time line when commitments (funding, logistic etc) can be expected 5. Presents a viable approach for securing funding 6. Proposes a viable plan for securing appropriate logistical support 7. Signs up to the principles and aims of IPY data management and proposes a viable data management plan 8. Proposes a viable plan or approach for education, outreach and communication activities 9. Shows how it will foster the next generation of polar researchers Desirable Characteristics of IPY Activities 1. Includes nations not traditionally involved in polar research (at present only 3 non-polar countries in IPY) 2. Provides the opportunity for a legacy of infrastructure (observation sites, facilities, systems) 3. Builds on existing plans, programmes or initiatives or at least does not conflict with them 4. Has interdisciplinary elements 5. Is “endorsed” by one or more IPY National Committee or International Organisation (ensures involvement of National Committees who link to funding agencies) Atmosphere Topics Possible Lead Cluster EoI’s (ID #) Clouds, aerosols and 89, 213, 244, 13,28, 48, 50, 116, 165, 198, 212, 309, 318, 322, 325, atmospheric chemistry 268, 299, 542 347, 371, 438, 484, 530, 557, 566, 595, 720, 725, 748, 797, 808, 819, 820, 833, 834, 847, 900, 919 Multi-disciplinary 129,138, 699, 312, 452, 544, 546, 656, 678, 690, 721, 732, 825, observing systems 732 828, 436, 729, 787, 430 Weather and climate THORPEX-IPY 70, 92, 133, 134,146, 167, 179, 206, 326, 339, 410, (including improved 810, 113, 134, 294, 638, 811, 394, 442, 582, 600, 618, forecasts) 805, 851 (297), (382/837), (408), (500) Tele-connections (polar 117, 149, 224, 251, 279, 337, 891 and mid-latitude) Hydrological cycle and 362 67,158, 201, (314), 414, 665 freshwater budget Palaeoclimate and 78, 207, 286, 437, 463, 560, 605, 632, 757, 762, 850 Climate compilations IPICS Ecosystem response to 313, 353, 668, 695, 792, 853, 916 change and variability in the physical environment Example of the Clustering Exercise for Atmosphere Select Topics & their Lead Projects (Atmosphere) PALAEOCLIMATE/ CLIMATE International Partnerships for Ice Core Studies COMPILATIONS (IPICS) - Bipolar HYDROLOGICAL CYCLE An Arctic component of the WMO World AND FW BUDGET Hydrological Cycle Observing System (HYCOS) WEATHER AND CLIMATE THORPEX-IPY - Bipolar (improved forecasts) Air-Ice Chemical Interactions (AICI–IPY) - Bipolar CLOUDS, AEROSOLS, Synoptic Studies of Contaminants in Polar ATMOSPHERIC CHEM. Environments (SYNSCOPE) - Bipolar Polar Ozone Loss - Bipolar The Polar Environment Atmospheric Research Laboratory Select IPY Topics and Lead Projects (Space Science – all bipolar) ICESTAR/IHY Interhemispheric Conjugacy Effects in Solar-Terrestrial and Aeronomy Research International Heliophysical Year (IHY) Polar Astronomy To be identified SPARC The structure and evolution of the stratospheric polar vortices during IPY and its links to the troposphere Space Snapshot Snapshots From Space Polar Hemispheric Acquisition of Remote Observations of the Environment by Satellites Select IPY Topics & Lead Projects (Hydrosphere) OCEAN CIRCULATION Integrated Arctic Ocean Observing System (iAOOS) Climate in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean (CASO) BIOGEOCHEMISTRY Ocean-Atmosphere-Sea Ice-Snow pack (OASIS) AND ECOSYSTEMS Interactions GEOTRACES – Bipolar COASTS AND MARGINS Arctic Circumpolar Coastal Observatory Network (ACCO-NET) Synoptic Antarctic Shelf-Slope Interactions Study (SASSI) CROSS-CUTTING SEARCH - Arctic PROJECTS International Permafrost Association Select IPY Topics & Projects (Cryosphere) TERREST. CRYOSPHERE The State and Fate of the Polar Cryosphere The Thermal State of Permafrost GLACIERS AND ICE Dynamic response of Arctic glaciers to global CAPS warming Polar glaciers and ice caps as indicators of climate change ARCTIC SEA-ICE The state of the Arctic sea ice cover SUBGLACIAL LAKES Subglacial Antarctic Lake Exploration (SALE- UNITED) MASS BALANCE, ICE Greenland’s Ice Sheet – reactions to past and DYNAMICS, STABILITY present climate change Antarctic Peninsula Ice and Climate System Initiative (APICS) Select IPY Topics & Lead Projects (Geosciences) GEOPHYSICAL Polar Earth Observing Network (POLENET) OBSERVATORIES - Bipolar Geodetic Observatories In Antarctica (GOIA) PALAEOCLIMATE Bipolar Climate Machinery (BIPOMAC) PLATE TECTONICS AND Polar Ocean Gateways (PolarGates) - Bipolar GATEWAYS EXPLORATION BENEATH No lead identified yet THE ICE, TRAVERSES, EARTH HISTORY Select IPY Topics & Lead Projects (Education/Data) IPY DATA Electronic Geophysical Year (e-GY) Data and Information Service (DIS) for Distributed Data Management EDUCATION Higher Education in the International Polar Year (University of the Arctic) Next Steps 1 • Further information on logistics requirements to be passed to FARO/COMNAP (April 2005) • Ad hoc Task Groups being formed to progress Data and EOC issues (April 2005). These will hand over to Data and EOC Sub-Committees formed by end of June 2005 • Funding of projects is at national level but the JC aim to address international funding - a meeting with (IGFA) International Group of Funding Agencies (~May) Next Steps 2 • Full proposals (6-7 pages) requested – by June 30, 2005 • JC identifies initial set of “core” IPY projects – Aug 2005 • Further opportunities for inclusion of IPY projects through into 2006. Possibly a second Call late in 2005 (decision in August) • Ongoing promotion of IPY at international meetings, development of promotional material and the website Thank You IPY and Societal Benefits IPY can bring societal benefits to the polar regions in the form of new knowledge, in enhancements to the systems observing change and in understanding of natural and human processes there – Improving weather information, forecasting, and warnings – Improving predictions of climate variability and change – Reducing loss of life and property from natural and human- induced disasters – Establishing how to mitigate or adapt to environmental factors affecting human health and well being IPY and Societal Benefits • Improving the sustainable management of fisheries/ agriculture • Improving the management of resources of water and energy • Improving the management and protection of terrestrial, coastal, and marine ecosystems • Understanding, monitoring, and conserving biodiversity • Providing indigenous people with the tools and capabilities to tackle these societal issues and build capacity Arctic IPY Topics & Projects (Human Studies) CHANGE: ADAPTATION Co-ordination of Observation and Monitoring of AND VULNERABILITY; the Arctic for Assessment and Research COUPLED HUMAN- (COMAAR) ENVIRONMENT SYSTEMS Study of Environmental Arctic Change (SEARCH) NEW RISKS & STRESSES Arctic Human Health Initiative (AHHI) (inc Human Health) Polar Pulse (Bipolar proposal) Arctic Council and IPY • IPY would welcome involvement from the Council, including: – Participation in the development of IPY and contributing nominations for the three major sub-committees? – Participation (leadership?) of Arctic Council Working Group’s in core IPY projects (AMAP, CAFF) – Building on ACIA , the AHDR and the on-going work of the WG’s, the Arctic Council has submitted two major EoI’s (COMAAR and the Arctic Human Health Initiative, AHHI) – Also have expertise in monitoring, information management & transfer (environmental and societal) and sustainable development so feasibly there may be more opportunities to contribute to IPY.