IPY International Polar Year

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IPY International Polar Year Powered By Docstoc
					John Dudeney
ASSW IPY Session
April 21 2005
                 IPY 2007-2008 Concept

                  ICSU and WMO are co-sponsoring:

An intensive burst of internationally coordinated, interdisciplinary,
      scientific research and observations focussed on the
               Earth’s Polar regions starting in 2007
                      IPY Themes
      1. Current Status of Polar Regions
      2. Change in the Polar Regions
      3. Global Linkages
      4. New Frontiers
      5. Polar Regions as Vantage Points
      6. The Human Dimension
The Human Dimension also runs through the first five Themes.
Data Management and Education, Outreach & Communication
are present in all six themes
              IPY Activities since
          Arctic Council, Reykjavik (1)
 Joint Committee appointed to oversee IPY implementation –
  includes ex-officio members from IASC and SCAR

 International Programme Office established in UK (Nov 2004)
  International competition for IPY Director – David Carlson (USA)

 The implementation document “A Framework for IPY 2007-2008”
  was published (Nov). Available as a pdf on the IPY website

 ICSU-WMO issue Call for Expressions of Intent aimed particularly
  at projects with heavy logistic needs (Nov) – Deadline 14th Jan 05
               IPY Activities since
           Arctic Council, Reykjavik (2)

 First Meeting of the Joint Committee and First Meeting of the
  Open Consultative Forum (March 2005) - CAFF, AMAP,
  FARO, U of Arctic, IPS, IASSA, IASC and ICARP II represented.

 IPY JC assessed ~ 900 proposals and reduced these to ~50 topics
  by clustering proposals along disciplinary lines. Cross-cutting noted.

 Assessment letters sent to primary contacts of each proposal and
  potential lead projects approached for each topic.

 Updated website launched ( with searchable
  database of all the IPY proposals and the assessment summary
 Some Results from the Assessment (1)
• Arctic EoI’s = 483, Antarctic = 159, Bipolar = 136

• Selection of country involvement in EoI’s (not just
  leading) 400
          Nos. of EoI's














  Some Results from the Assessment (2)
Distribution of EoI’s through spheres
  Atmosphere       = 114          Geosphere          = 105
  Cryosphere       = 146          Biosphere          = 135
  Hydrosphere      = 98           Human Dimension    = 104
  Space/Earth Ob   = 67           Education/Legacy   = 80

Association of EoI’s with major programmes/areas
  CASO (S. Ocean)          = 21   Permafrost   = 17
  iAOOS (Arctic Ocean)     = 22   CliC         = 65
  SEARCH                   = 21   WAIS studies = 11
     Mapping of the Clusters onto the IPY Themes
THEME 1 – Status                              Theme 3 – Global Connections
Biodiversity of Polar Regions                 Teleconnections between Pole and mid-latitude
Clouds, aerosols, atmospheric chemistry       Plate tectonics and Polar Gateways
Hydrological cycle and freshwater budget
Ocean circulation                             Theme 4 – New Frontiers
Space Snapshot                                Exploration Beneath the Ice
Ice Caps, Ice Sheets, Glaciers & Permafrost
Weather and Climate                           Theme 5 – Vantage Point Observing System
Biochemistry and Ecosystems                   Life in the Polar Regions
Coasts and Margins                            Geophysical, Glaciological Atmospheric and Climate
Atmosphere ocean ice (THORPEX)                Observation Systems
                                              Local and indigenous visions
Theme 2 – Change                              Astronomy
Life Under Natural & Antropogenic Changes     SPARC
Migration: Invasions, expansions reductions
Paleoclimate                                  Theme 6 – Human Dimension
Adaptation and Vulnerability                  Natural Resources Uses, Management and Conservation
Transitions and Border Zones                  Northern Resources
Rapid Change Societal Responses               New Risks and Stresses (inc. contaminants and Health)
Ecosystem Response to change                  Resources – Geosciences
Evolution of Polar Glaciation
                                              Outreach and Education
                                              Preservation of IPY Legacy
     Mandatory IPY Activity Characteristics
1.    Makes significant advances within one or more IPY themes
2.    Involves at least one polar region and takes place within the
      IPY timeframe
3.    Contributes to international collaboration
4.    Presents a viable management plan and organisational
      structure, including a time line when commitments (funding,
      logistic etc) can be expected
5.    Presents a viable approach for securing funding
6.    Proposes a viable plan for securing appropriate logistical support
7.    Signs up to the principles and aims of IPY data management and
      proposes a viable data management plan
8.    Proposes a viable plan or approach for education, outreach and
      communication activities
9.    Shows how it will foster the next generation of polar researchers
       Desirable Characteristics of IPY
1.   Includes nations not traditionally involved in polar
     research (at present only 3 non-polar countries in IPY)
2.   Provides the opportunity for a legacy of infrastructure
     (observation sites, facilities, systems)
3.   Builds on existing plans, programmes or initiatives or
     at least does not conflict with them
4.   Has interdisciplinary elements
5.   Is “endorsed” by one or more IPY National Committee
     or International Organisation (ensures involvement of
     National Committees who link to funding agencies)
Atmosphere Topics           Possible Lead   Cluster EoI’s (ID #)
Clouds, aerosols and        89, 213, 244,   13,28, 48, 50, 116, 165, 198, 212, 309, 318, 322, 325,
atmospheric chemistry       268, 299, 542   347, 371, 438, 484, 530, 557, 566, 595, 720, 725,
                                            748, 797, 808, 819, 820, 833, 834, 847, 900, 919
Multi-disciplinary          129,138, 699,   312, 452, 544, 546, 656, 678, 690, 721, 732, 825,
observing systems           732             828, 436, 729, 787, 430

Weather and climate         THORPEX-IPY     70, 92, 133, 134,146, 167, 179, 206, 326, 339, 410,
(including improved                         810, 113, 134, 294, 638, 811, 394, 442, 582, 600, 618,
forecasts)                                  805, 851 (297), (382/837), (408), (500)

Tele-connections (polar                     117, 149, 224, 251, 279, 337, 891
and mid-latitude)
Hydrological cycle and      362             67,158, 201, (314), 414, 665
freshwater budget
Palaeoclimate and                           78, 207, 286, 437, 463, 560, 605, 632, 757, 762, 850
Climate compilations        IPICS

Ecosystem response to                       313, 353, 668, 695, 792, 853, 916
change and variability in
the physical environment

                      Example of the Clustering Exercise for Atmosphere
     Select Topics & their Lead Projects
PALAEOCLIMATE/ CLIMATE   International Partnerships for Ice Core Studies
COMPILATIONS             (IPICS) - Bipolar

HYDROLOGICAL CYCLE       An Arctic component of the WMO World
AND FW BUDGET            Hydrological Cycle Observing System (HYCOS)

(improved forecasts)

                         Air-Ice Chemical Interactions (AICI–IPY) -
CLOUDS, AEROSOLS,        Synoptic Studies of Contaminants in Polar
ATMOSPHERIC CHEM.        Environments (SYNSCOPE) - Bipolar
                         Polar Ozone Loss - Bipolar

                         The Polar Environment Atmospheric Research
    Select IPY Topics and Lead Projects
        (Space Science – all bipolar)
ICESTAR/IHY       Interhemispheric Conjugacy Effects in Solar-Terrestrial
                  and Aeronomy Research
                  International Heliophysical Year (IHY)

Polar Astronomy   To be identified

SPARC             The structure and evolution of the stratospheric polar
                  vortices during IPY and its links to the troposphere

Space Snapshot    Snapshots From Space

                  Polar Hemispheric Acquisition of Remote Observations
                  of the Environment by Satellites
      Select IPY Topics & Lead Projects
OCEAN CIRCULATION    Integrated Arctic Ocean Observing System (iAOOS)
                     Climate in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean (CASO)

BIOGEOCHEMISTRY      Ocean-Atmosphere-Sea Ice-Snow pack (OASIS)
AND ECOSYSTEMS       Interactions
                     GEOTRACES – Bipolar

COASTS AND MARGINS   Arctic Circumpolar Coastal Observatory Network
                     Synoptic Antarctic Shelf-Slope Interactions Study

PROJECTS             International Permafrost Association
Select IPY Topics & Projects (Cryosphere)
TERREST. CRYOSPHERE   The State and Fate of the Polar Cryosphere
                      The Thermal State of Permafrost

GLACIERS AND ICE      Dynamic response of Arctic glaciers to global
CAPS                  warming
                      Polar glaciers and ice caps as indicators of
                      climate change

ARCTIC SEA-ICE        The state of the Arctic sea ice cover

SUBGLACIAL LAKES      Subglacial Antarctic Lake Exploration (SALE-

MASS BALANCE, ICE     Greenland’s Ice Sheet – reactions to past and
DYNAMICS, STABILITY   present climate change
                      Antarctic Peninsula Ice and Climate System
                      Initiative (APICS)
     Select IPY Topics & Lead Projects
GEOPHYSICAL           Polar Earth Observing Network (POLENET)
OBSERVATORIES         - Bipolar
                      Geodetic Observatories In Antarctica (GOIA)

PALAEOCLIMATE         Bipolar Climate Machinery (BIPOMAC)

PLATE TECTONICS AND   Polar Ocean Gateways (PolarGates) - Bipolar

EXPLORATION BENEATH   No lead identified yet
      Select IPY Topics & Lead Projects
IPY DATA         Electronic Geophysical Year (e-GY)
                 Data and Information Service (DIS) for
                 Distributed Data Management

EDUCATION        Higher Education in the International Polar Year
                 (University of the Arctic)
                     Next Steps 1
• Further information on logistics requirements to be
  passed to FARO/COMNAP (April 2005)

• Ad hoc Task Groups being formed to progress Data and
  EOC issues (April 2005). These will hand over to Data
  and EOC Sub-Committees formed by end of June 2005

• Funding of projects is at national level but the JC aim to
  address international funding - a meeting with (IGFA)
  International Group of Funding Agencies (~May)
                     Next Steps 2
• Full proposals (6-7 pages) requested – by June 30, 2005

• JC identifies initial set of “core” IPY projects – Aug 2005

• Further opportunities for inclusion of IPY projects through
  into 2006. Possibly a second Call late in 2005
  (decision in August)

• Ongoing promotion of IPY at international meetings,
  development of promotional material and the website
Thank You
         IPY and Societal Benefits
IPY can bring societal benefits to the polar regions in the
form of new knowledge, in enhancements to the systems
observing change and in understanding of natural and
human processes there

– Improving weather information, forecasting, and warnings

– Improving predictions of climate variability and change

– Reducing loss of life and property from natural and human-
  induced disasters

– Establishing how to mitigate or adapt to environmental factors
  affecting human health and well being
              IPY and Societal Benefits

•   Improving the sustainable management of fisheries/ agriculture

•   Improving the management of resources of water and energy

•   Improving the management and protection of terrestrial,
    coastal, and marine ecosystems

•   Understanding, monitoring, and conserving biodiversity

•   Providing indigenous people with the tools and capabilities to
    tackle these societal issues and build capacity
         Arctic IPY Topics & Projects
               (Human Studies)

CHANGE: ADAPTATION     Co-ordination of Observation and Monitoring of
AND VULNERABILITY;     the Arctic for Assessment and Research
ENVIRONMENT SYSTEMS    Study of Environmental Arctic Change (SEARCH)

NEW RISKS & STRESSES   Arctic Human Health Initiative (AHHI)
(inc Human Health)     Polar Pulse (Bipolar proposal)
              Arctic Council and IPY
• IPY would welcome involvement from the Council, including:

   –   Participation in the development of IPY and contributing
       nominations for the three major sub-committees?

   –   Participation (leadership?) of Arctic Council Working Group’s in
       core IPY projects (AMAP, CAFF)

   –    Building on ACIA , the AHDR and the on-going work of the
        WG’s, the Arctic Council has submitted two major EoI’s
       (COMAAR and the Arctic Human Health Initiative, AHHI)

   –   Also have expertise in monitoring, information management &
       transfer (environmental and societal) and sustainable
       development so feasibly there may be more opportunities to
       contribute to IPY.