College of Business, Hospitality and Tourism Studies
DEPARTMENT OF MANAGEMENT, INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS & OCCUPATIONAL
HEALTH & SAFETY
OHS 403 OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY 3
COPYRIGHT OF THE FIJI NATIONAL UNIVERSITY 2011
REVISED DATE: JANUARY 2011
CODE: OHS 403
NAME: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY 3
LEVEL: 4 CLASS CONTACT: 48
CREDITS: 7 SELF-DIRECTED: 96
PRE-REQUISTES: NONE HOURS 146
This course provides a basic introduction to workplace Health and Safety, procedures
and practice. This course is designed as an introductory foundation to the areas of
Health and Safety Management. It focuses on the basic structures and functions of
workplace safety systems within the workplace, in particular the industries and its
It also further provides a basic overview and in particular the procedures and
processes that underpin key stakeholder interactions, through monitoring and
To develop students’ knowledge and understanding in the fundamentals of
Occupational Health and Safety Laws with Associated Regulations. To enable
students to acquire the necessary skills to be able to identify hazards and assess risk
in their workplaces and also develop control measures that are effective to eliminate
or reduce the risk to an acceptable level.
This course has been designed for students that would enter into the job market
with these basic skills in OHS.
1 INTRODUCTION TO OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY
2 THE HEALTH AND SAFETY AT WORK ACT 1996
3 THE GENERAL WORKPLACE CONDITIONS 2003
5 CONTROL STRATEGIES
7 ACCIDENT INVESTIGATIONS
8 RISK MANAGEMENT
9 STRATEGIC ROLE OF OHS PROFESSIONALS
10 FUNCTIONS OF THE OHS DEPARTMENT
STATEMENT OF EXPECTED LEARNING OUTCOMES
The student should be able to:
1. Identify and understand the definition, historical background and
introduction to OHS.
2. Understand Fiji’s HASAW Act 1996 and its associated regulations and
3. To critically assess and analyse the effect of Human Dimension and the whole
approach concept of OHS.
4. Understand the Duty of Care principle in relation to the Regulation
5. Discuss and understand the roles and functions of the Committees and
6. Discuss and understand the OHS management system
7. Identify hazards, calculate the risk associated and the cost factor that it
8. Discuss and understand the strategic roles of OHS professionals
9. Identify and clarify the functions of the workplace OHS department
This is a 400 level unit. Students are encouraged to apply their practical knowledge,
skill and experience to new areas without the need to be directly supervised. When
faced with a variety of non-routine tasks you should have the ability to plan and
design a strategy for dealing with them on time and unsupervised.
Students are strongly advised to do the prescribed readings prior to the lectures in
order to gain the maximum benefit. They are encouraged to do independent
learning through additional readings and research work, in order to have prior
knowledge and understanding of Industrial relation and HR concepts covered in this
unit. Also as an integral part of this unit students will need to physically inspect
workplaces and in some cases AN INDUSTRIAL TOUR of a particular workplace.
Further assistance will be always provided upon your request.
To assist you learning at this level, you are encouraged to:
Work independently or team work where it is required
Apply the skills of critical analysis
Use problem solving skills to all tasks
Actively participate in tutorial session and apply the theoretical knowledge in
their real life environment and practice esp. in case studies, seminar
Use practical knowledge and examples drawn by invited Guest speakers
TOPIC 1: INTRODUCTION TO OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY
Students should be able to understand the historical background and concept behind
Occupational Health and Safety
1.1 Overview and History of Occupational Health and Safety
1.2 Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) – Definition and Concepts
1.3 Occupational Health and Safety theories: Physical, Psychological, Social and
1.4 The changing nature of work, environment and technology
1.5 Understand human dimension
TOPIC 2: THE HEALTH AND SAFETY AT WORK ACT 1996
Students should be able to understand the relevant provisions of the Health and
Safety at Work Act
2.1 Role of the state in Occupational Health and Safety- the traditional and
modern approaches to Health and Safety changes to the current role of the
management with the committee focussing on the prevention of accidents and
illnesses with documented procedures and processes. Outline the effect of an
unhealthy workforce to the National economy.
TOPIC 3: THE GENERAL WORKPLACE CONDITION 2003
Students should be able to identify the roles and responsibilities of committees and
representatives in relation to the GWC 2003.
3.1 Explain and outline the roles and function of committees and representatives
3.2 Identify different forms of hazards in the workplace
3.3 Discuss first aid requirements of the workplace
3.4 Discuss and understand standards
3.5 Explain and discuss other provision of GWC 2003
TOPIC 4: HAZARDS
Students should be able to identify hazards and calculate the risk associated with it.
4.1 Identify the types of hazards with its side effects
4.2 Differentiate between hazards and risk
4.3 Analyse the hazard and calculate the risk
4.4 Understand the risk score matrix and risk score calculator
4.5 Create a review and monitoring plan that is to be implemented
TOPIC 5: CONTROL STRATEGIES
Students should be able to match hazards to control strategies so that risk is
eliminated or minimised to an acceptable level.
Identify and understand the process of elimination
Identify and understand the process of substitution
Discuss engineering controls
Discuss the process of re-design
Discuss and understand the process of administration control and personal
TOPIC 6: HYGIENE
Students should be able to understand the human body and the effect of hazardous
substances to human body.
6.1 Discuss and understand the human body
6.2 Identify routes of entry for toxic substances
6.3 Outline the process of acute and chronic effect
6.4 Discuss and understand allergies to chemicals
6.5 Identify and discuss chemicals compatibility of chemicals
TOPIC 7: ACCIDENTS INVESTIGATION
Students should be able to recognize, investigate and report on accidents.
7.1 Discuss and understand accidents
7.2 Discuss the basic causes of accident
7.3 Prepare contingency plan for investigation
7.4 Conduct interview and record all facts
7.5 Compile accident report
TOPIC 8: RISK MANAGEMENT
Students should be able to draw a plan and organize necessary resources and make
presentation to convince immediate superiors.
8.1 Identify and understand the steps in risk management
8.2 Understand the ‘SAFE’ process of risk management
8.3 Describe and understand OHS policies and procedures
8.4 Understand reporting procedures and responsibilities
8.5 Presenting a convincing presentation
TOPIC 9: STRATEGIC ROLE OF OHS PROFESSIONALS
Students should be able to understand the roles of management in OHS
9.1 Explain the meaning of strategic OHS management
9.2 Describe OHS officers role
9.3 Describe strategic approach to OHS management
9.4 Appreciate the strategic challenges facing OHS roles and management
9.5 Identify the importance of record keeping
TOPIC 10: THE FUNCTIONS OF THE OHS DEPARTMENT
Students should be able to identify and understand the functions of the OHS
department in an organisation.
10.1 Describe strategic audit and workplace inspection
10.2 Discuss the major internal and external sources of OHS resources
10.3 Explain and identify the major threats to safety and their advantages and
10.4 Understand the need for validation of procedures and processes
10.5 Appreciate the factors that make for successful OHS programmes
Fiji National Building Code
Health and Safety at Work Act 1996
General Workplace Condition 2003
Health and Safety at Work Act 1996
General Workplace Condition 2003
National Safety Council of Australia Certificate 3, 4 and Diploma programmes
NOTE: Students are required to do additional reading and equip themselves with
current resource material on Industrial Relations every week.
Assignments and Tutorials 20%
Case studies 10%
Group Project 20%
Oral presentation 10%
Final Test 40%
‘Plagiarism’ is regarded as a serious form of cheating. Plagiarism means presenting
someone else’s work and claiming as if it is your own. Such includes the work of
fellow students as well as published authors.
KINDLY NOTE: If you use someone else’s words, assignments, ideas, you must
acknowledge the person, the publication, you got them from.
If you work in groups to discuss an assignment, you must ensure that the final
answer submitted is your own. Similar or same answers to an assignment will be
seen as plagiarism.
Students’ attention is drawn to the university regulations covering such matters as
aegrotat, reconsideration of assessments, withdrawals, appeals and discipline. The
full General Academic Statute and Programme regulations are published and
available upon request. The important sections are summarized below.
When for reasons of personal illness or injury, a student is unable to complete an
assessment then they may apply for an aegrotat pass. Students have 7 days to lodge
their aegrotat application and it MUST be lodged using the official FNU aegrotat
A student may withdraw from a unit or course by written notice to the Head of
School. In order to record a withdrawal on a student academic record the written
notice must be received before the end of week eleven.
RECONSIDERATION OF ASSESSMENT
A student who seriously feel that any piece of assessment has been unfairly marked,
shall resubmit the assessment at the time the assessment has been returned. The
application shall be in writing and shall specify the reasons for the application. The
grade may be unchanged, raised or lowered following reconsideration.
A student may appeal their final grade. Appeals must be in writing to the Head of
School giving reason for the appeal. Students have 7 days from the posting of the
results in which to lodge an appeal. The appeal is heard by the Academic Appeals
Breaches of the university’s regulations including dishonesty during assessment are
viewed seriously and can lead to expulsion from the university.