The California Institute for Telecommunications and Information

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					    Calit2 – Increasing Interaction Between
     Industry and University Researchers
Presentation - Panel on Best Practices in University-Industry Research Collaborations
                        2008 Engineering Deans Institute (EDI)
             ―Strategic University-Industry Partnerships for Innovation‖
                     American Society for Engineering Education
                          University of California, San Diego
                                    March 31, 2008

                                     Dr. Larry Smarr
              Director, California Institute for Telecommunications and
                                Information Technology
                              Harry E. Gruber Professor,
                    Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering
                         Jacobs School of Engineering, UCSD
 California’s Institutes for Science and Innovation
  A Bold Experiment in Collaborative Research

                    California Institute for Bioengineering,
                    and Quantitative Biomedical Research

                                         Center for
                            Information Technology Research
       UCD                       in the Interest of Society
UCSF                                         California
       UCSC                             NanoSystems Institute

             UCSB                       California Institute for
                 UCLA                 Telecommunications and
                    UCI                Information Technology
            Calit2 Continues to Pursue
                 Its Initial Mission:
    Envisioning How the Extension of Innovative
 Telecommunications and Information Technologies
           Throughout the Physical World
        will Transform Critical Applications
      Important to the California Economy and
             its Citizens’ Quality Of Life.

            Calit2 is a University of California
―Institutional Innovation‖ Experiment on How to Invent
  a Persistent Collaborative Research and Education
 Environment that Provides Insight into How the UC, a
Major Research University, Might Evolve in the Future.

                   Calit2 Review Report: p.1
Calit2--A Systems Approach to the Future of the Internet
          and its Transformation of Our Society
      Calit2 Has Assembled a Complex Social Network
       of Over 350 UC San Diego & UC Irvine Faculty
                From Two Dozen Departments
              Working in Multidisciplinary Teams
      With Staff, Students, Industry, and the Community

      Integrating Technology Consumers and Producers
                   Into ―Living Laboratories‖
    Two New Calit2 Buildings Provide
New Laboratories for ―Living in the Future‖
                   •   ―Convergence‖ Laboratory Facilities
                       – Nanotech, BioMEMS, Chips, Radio, Photonics
                       – Virtual Reality, Digital Cinema, HDTV, Gaming
                   •   Over 1000 Researchers in Two Buildings
                       – Linked via Dedicated Optical Networks

UC Irvine
                  $100M in Capital Required
       Greater than 2:1 Match from Industry and Grants
        In Spite of the Bubble Bursting,
Calit2 Has Partnered with over 130 Companies
                                      More Than 80 Have Provided Funds or In-kind

                                                         Broad Range of Companies

                                                Over $80 Million
                                                 From Industry
                                                    So Far
   Industrial Partners > $1 Million
               Calit2 Industry Partners:
Driving Public-Private Innovation Throughout The U.S.

                                                          SW Tools
                                                         to Manage
          Our Focus
             is on
                        Jerry Sheehan, Calit2 Lead
      Calit2 Research Intelligence Enables
―Instant Access‖ to News on Partner Companies
                                      Jerry Sheehan, Calit2 Lead

                                       Choose any Calit2
                                       Industrial Partner

    Company Abstract

                                      ―Real Time‖ Stock
                                      Performance Data
     Links to Company                   from Google
        Web Pages                          Finance
   ―Real Time‖ Company
    Business News from
     Google News and
   RSS Feeds and Email Alerts
           Calit2 Works Closely with
San Diego and Orange County Industrial Groups
                 Calit2 Industrial Partners
       Team with Academic Research and Education

•   Funding Joint Research Projects
•   Endowing Chaired Professorships
•   Sending Staff to Live at Calit2
•   Supporting Graduate/Undergraduate Fellows
•   Providing Equipment to Calit2 Projects
•   Joining on Federal Grants
•   Granting Access to Industry Facilities
•   Using Calit2 Facilities
•   Commercialization of Faculty/Staff/Student Research
•   Co-Sponsoring Workshops/Conferences
•   Hosting Seminars or Lectures
                  UC Discovery Grants
          Can Leverage Industrial Partner Funds
• Will Match Industrial Dollars on Joint Research Projects
• Competitive Peer Review

           Machine Learning and Robotics:
    The Machine Perception Lab and Sony Electronics
RUBI Interacting with Children   •   The MPL (a Calit2 Affiliated Research Group
                                     Housed in Calit2) Partnered with Sony Electronics
                                     Through the UC Discovery Program to Create
                                     Socially Perceptive Appliances

                                 •   The MPL Developed a Social Robot (RUBI) Which
                                     Interacted With Infants
                                      – Smile Detection was Identified as a Key Indicator
                                        of Social Interaction
Sony Shutter Smile Technology
                                 •   The MPL RUBI Work Led to the Creation of a
                                     Smile-Learning Algorithm Which was Trained
                                     With a Data Set of Over 100,000 Individuals

                                 •   Sony Used This Technology as the Basis for the
                                     Sony Shutter Smile Technology Found in Their
                                     Latest Generation of Consumer Digital Camera

                    Source: Javier Movellan Institute for Neural Computation
    Companies Funding, Matched by UC Discovery Grants,
       Leads to New Disclosures and Federal Grants
•    Goal: Basic Research to Enable Low Power
     1000 GHz Logic Devices to be Developed                      Simulation
     – Joint UCSD, Intel/UC Discovery project                    of Al2O3/Ge
•    Requires Calit2 Clean Room and Computing
     Resources:                                                        Al
     – Density Functional Theory Molecular Dynamics
       to Determine Structure of Buried                                O
       Oxide/Semiconductor Interfaces                                  Ge
     – Scanning Tunneling Microscopy to Determine
       Oxide Bonding Structure on InGaAs and InAs
     – Scanning Tunneling Spectroscopy to Determine
       the Electronic Structure of the Interface
•    Commercialization Status:
     –   ~$600,000 in Intel/UC Discovery Funding
     –   Calit2 Donated Computing Resources
     –   SRC, DARPA/MARCO, NSF Funding of $1 Million
     –   Three Patent Disclosures Submitted

              Source: D. Winn, Jian Shen, J. Clemens,   STM image of In2O Forming
                  E. Chagarov, T. Song, A. Kummel        Ordered Nanometer-Scale
               ( Chemistry, Materials Science, NanoE)         Islands on InAs
          Ericsson: A Calit2 Industrial Partner
                with Breadth and Depth
• Sponsored Research: Non-Exclusive Royalty Free
   – $ 6.2 Million with UC Discovery Match
   – 17 Professors, 17 Students, 4 Post-docs
• 27 Student Fellowships
• Two Endowed Chairs; Two Faculty Fellowships
• Collaborations
   – Magnus Almgren: Taught Course in ECE
   – Jaap Harsten, Bluetooth Hands-On Course
• Infrastructure
   – Base Stations, Always Best Connected
• Help with
   – New Federal Grants: $22.5 Million
   – Inspired Two Startups
 Innovation Resources and Strategic Relationship
• Chairs and Fellowships
   – Five Endowed Chairs
   – 50 Student Fellowships
• EVDO Base station and BREW
• Collaborations
   – Calit2 US-India Summit:
      – Co-Chairs Paul Jacobs and Frieder Seible
   – Roberto Padovani, QUALCOMM CTO and
     Adjunct Professor in ECE in Residence at Calit2
   – Workshop on Spectrum Allocation and
     Assignment Policy
• New Programs and Capabilities
   – Summer Undergraduate Research Program
   – Center for Information Theory and Applications
      Part of the Original Pledge of Industrial Partner
          Funds Endowed Chairs Through Calit2

                           Ramesh Rao, ECE                       Rajesh Gupta, CSE
Larry Milstein, ECE          QUALCOMM                               QUALCOMM

                                             Peter Asbeck, ECE

                Alon Orlitsky, ECE
        Only Three Years From Research to Market
       New Broadband Cellular Internet Technology
• First US Taste of 3G Cellular Internet             Installed
   – UCSD Jacobs School Antenna                      Dec 2000
       – Three Years Before Commercial Rollout
• Linking to WiFi Mobile ―Bubble‖
   – Tested on Campus CyberShuttle
                                                      Rooftop Qualcomm
• Verizon Introduces in San Diego                     1xEV Access Point

  Fall 2003

                                        CyberShuttle March 2002
Cooperative Test Beds Funded by Industry Partners
  Calit2@UCSD’s Wireless Power Amplifier Lab

               Power Transistor Tradeoffs
                    Si-LDMOS & GaN
                   Price & Performance

                Power Amplifier Tradeoffs
                   WiMAX & 3GPP LTE
                  Efficiency & Linearity

            Digital Signal Processing Tradeoffs
              Pre-Distortion, Memory Effects
                     & Power Control
                     MIPS & Memory
            Northrop Grumman Space Technology is
              Driving a Multi-Campus Engagement
•   Validation and
    Application Development                               Santa Margarita Ecological
                                                          Reserve: (Land Validation)
    of NGST Concept
    High Resolution
     – Participants: NGST,
       NASA-AMES, UCI,
       UCSD, SDSU
•   Potential Applications:
     – Invasive Species
     – Coastal Water Quality
     – Vegetation Health and
       Vigor Monitoring
     – Irrigation Demand
                               Over-flight data collect and ground/bay campaigns during
                               03/24 – 03/29 2008
       Calit2 Has Helped New Centers Form:
       UCSD Center for Networked Systems

       Member Companies
                                                   Center Students
Center Faculty


             Calit2 Has Helped New Centers Form:
             UCI Game Culture & Technology Lab
•   Unique Partnership with Discovery
    Science Center and Santa Ana
    Unified School District
•   Complementary K-8th Grade Science
    and Learning Games in Line with CA
    Teaching Standards
•   Developed a Gaming Undergraduate
    Degree Concentration – Most Sought
    After Minor at UCI
•   Offering ―Joystick Corridor‖
    Internships and Highly Developed
•   International Gaming Research
    Partnership Developed with
    Daegu City, Korea
     Calit2 Has Helped New Centers Form:
UCSD Center for Algorithmic and Systems Biology
    Federal Agencies Have Funded $350 Million
        to Over 300 Calit2 Affiliated Grants
                    50 Grants
      OptIPuter   Over $1 Million

                                 Broad Distribution of
                               Medium and Small Grants

Creating a Rich Ecology
   of Basic Research

                                            Federal Agency
      Calit2 Review Report p.4,21           Source of Funds
          One Major Industrial Attractor Has Been
          Partnering on Innovative Federal Grants
• NSF Large Information Technology Research Proposal
   – Calit2 (UCSD, UCI) and UIC Lead Campuses—Larry Smarr PI
   – Partnering Campuses: SDSC, USC, SDSU, NCSA, NW, TA&M, UvA,
     SARA, NASA Goddard, KISTI, AIST, CRC(Canada), CICESE (Mexico)
• Engaged Industrial Partners:
   – IBM, Sun, Telcordia, Chiaro, Calient, Glimmerglass, Lucent
• $13.5 Million Over Five Years—Now In the Fifth Year
     NIH Biomedical Informatics      NSF EarthScope and ORION
             Research Network

                                     See OptIPortal
                                    During Reception
                          IBM Support Creates
                       the First Vendor OptIPuter
 SIO IBM Ocean Supercomputer                IBM Storage Cluster           NCMIR
                                              in Jacobs SOE               Streaming


IBM OptIPuter Viz Cluster

                   Extreme Switch with
                   2 Ten Gigabit Uplinks

                                             PVFS on 24 Nodes
                                           24 Nodes Experimental

                                                                   NCMIR Tiled
                 SIO IBM 9Mpixel Displays                            Display
     Industrial Partners Provide Fabrication Access
          to Calit2 Faculty, Students, and Staff
• IBM is Providing UCSD
  Researchers with Access to
  Their State-of-the-Art
  Fabrication Processes in
  Si/SiGe HBT BiCMOS and RF
  CMOS Technologies
• The Projects Include
   – High Efficiency Power
     Amplifiers for
     Next Generation Cell Phones
   – Ultra-Wideband RF Front-Ends
     for 500 MB/sec Wireless Data
   – Millimeterwave Wireless
     Communications at 24 and 60            IBM SiGe BiCMOS WiFi
     GHz                                     Power Amplifier with
                                            World Record Efficiency
                     Source: Larry Larson, CWC, UCSD
IBM Supports the Development of Hybrid Computational
    Infrastructure to Support Brown’s Scalable City
•   PI: Sheldon Brown, Director Cen. for Research in Computing and the Arts
•   Z/Series Mainframe Computers
    – Providing Large Centralized Processing for Multi-User Virtual Worlds
    – Large Memory Footprint for Digital Cinema Development
    – Storage/Data Management Techniques for Distributed Development
•   Cell Processor Servers--CPU Technology for Parallel, Vector Computation
•   Beijing University (PKU) Project Partner
    –   Distributing Application Development and Delivery Between US and China
    –   Using High Speed Global Optical Network.
    –   Preliminary Work Exhibited at Shanghai Museum of Contemporary Art, 2007
    –   IBM Provides Compute Infrastructure at Both UCSD and PKU for Project
•   IBM Features This Work At Supercomputing 2007

                                        See Scalable City
                                        During Reception
First Trans-Pacific Super High Definition Telepresence
       Meeting Using Digital Cinema 4k Streams
                4k = 4000x2000 Pixels = 4xHD     Streaming 4k
     100 Times                                  with JPEG 2000
   the Resolution
                                                 ½ gigabit/sec
    of YouTube!
 See 4k Content                                                Technical
    Tonight                                                    Basis for
During Reception                               Keio University  Digital
                                               President Anzai Cinema

                                               Chancellor Fox
Cisco CWave for CineGrid: A New Cyberinfrastructure
       for High Resolution Media Streaming
                                                          Source: John (JJ) Jamison, Cisco
 1000 Denny Way
 (Westin Bldg.)
                                                            Northwestern Univ
 Level3                                                     Chicago
 1360 Kifer Rd.                                                                  McLean
 Sunnyvale                        2007

       818 W. 7th St.
       Los Angeles        CENIC Wave
                                         Cisco Has Built 10 GigE Waves on CENIC, PW,
                                          & NLR and Installed Large 6506 Switches for
              San Diego                    Access Points in San Diego, Los Angeles,
          CWave core PoP                    Sunnyvale, Seattle, Chicago and McLean
                                                    for CineGrid Members
          10GE waves on NLR and CENIC (LA to SD)

              In 2005, Movie Production Provided Employment
              for over 245,000 Californians, with an
              Associated Payroll Of More Than $17 Billion
    The Two-Campus Calit2 NSF Grant in Responding to
             Crises and Unexpected Events
•   Long Beach, CA Company           Calit2 Irvine Engages
    Original Subcontractor and Co-PI      40+ Companies
                                      22 Government Agencies
•   Multiple Equipment Donations
                                           6 Universities
•   Test-Bed Usage for Prototyping        27 Investigators
    and Evaluation                         70+ students
•   Internships and Training for
    Students Leading to Employment
•   Close Alliance with First
    Responders, to Meet their
    Specific Needs
 Establishing an Industry Interdisciplinary Program:
Bi-Annual Automotive Software Workshop San Diego

                         •    Over 10 Million Lines of Code in Your Car!
   90 % of all Auto      •    Sponsors: Calit2, NSF, EU, DFG
 Innovations are Now     •    50:50 Participation Industry/Academia
                         •    Next Instance Planned For 2009
                         •    Industry Participants Include:

                       Source: Ingolf Krueger, Calit2
      Bringing Engineering into Cyberspace:
Second Life Simulator for Engineering Design of Unimodal SkyTran

               •   Unimodal Inc. – OC Based Company – Developing a
                   Personal Rapid Transit System Called SkyTran
                   – UniModal Needed to Develop and Test Software
                     That will Prevent Magnetic-Levitated Vehicles
                     from Colliding as they Merge On and Off Roadway
               •   Calit2 Research Team Created Canto Bay in Virtual
                   World Second Life to do Simulations and Modeling
                   – Canto Bay and Calit2 Offers Solution by Building
                     a Simulated System in Canto Bay
                     and Modeling the Logic-Control Layer
               •   Simulation Provides Feedback to Company Engineers
                   About Design Decisions Before Deploying in
                   Real World Later this Year
               •   Calit2 Research Team Gets Funding to Make Further
                   Refinements in Simulation Research and for Student
                    Source: Christa Lopes, ICS, UCI
           Calit2 Materials and Devices Laboratory:
Nano3 Facility
―Nano3‖–NanoScience, NanoEngineering, NanoMedicine

  10,000 sq. feet State-of-the-Art Materials and Devices Laboratory

                See Nano3
             During Reception
          Provide Access to Companies via Recharge
                    Source: Bernd Fruhberger, Calit2
A-D Research   Nanotrope

                  Separation Systems
Calit2 is Creating a Nano-Bio-Info
      Innovation Laboratory

                                     Donald Bren
                                      School of
INRF Partners Companies with University Researchers:
    70 Past and Current Collaborating Companies
                  •   Advanced Customs Sensors Inc.        •   NexGen Research Corporation
                  •   Agilient                             •   Northrop Grumman Corporation
                  •   Alpha Industry/Network Device Inc.   •   Numerical Technologies
                  •   AXT/Alpha Photonics Incorporated         Ormet Corp.
                  •   Alpine Microsystems Incorporated     •   Oplink Communications
                  •   Auxora, Inc.                         •   Optical Crossing
                  •   Bethel Material Research             •   Optinetrics
                  •   Broadcom                             •   Optiswitch Technology
                  •   Broadley-James Corp.                 •   Physical Optics Corp.
                  •   Cito Optronics, Inc.                 •   Printronix
                  •   Coherent, Inc.                       •   ProComm Enterprises
                  •   Conexant                             •   Rainbow Communications
                  •   Coventor                             •   Raytheon Systems
                  •   DRS Sensors                          •   Rockwell
 40 UCI Faculty   •   Endevco                              •   RF Integrated Corp.
      from            Friends USA                          •   Sabeus Photonics
                  •   General Monitors                     •   Saddleback Aerospace
    a Dozen       •   Global Communication Semiconductor   •   SAIC
  Departments     •   Hewlett Packard                          Second Sight, LLC
                  •   Hitachi Chemical Research            •   Semco Laser Technology
                  •   IJ Research                          •   Sequenom
                  •   Impco Technology                     •   Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
                  •   Intelligent Epitaxy Incorporated     •   Simax
                  •   International Technology Works       •   Skyworks Solutions
                  •   IOS                                  •   SVT Associates
                  •   Irvine Sensors                       •   Tamarack Scientific, Inc.
                  •   Jazz Semiconductor                   •   Tanner Research, Inc.
                  •   Linfinity Microelectronics           •   Texas Instruments, Inc.
                  •   Maxwell Sensors                      •   TRW
                  •   Metrolaser Incorporated              •   U Machines
                      Microtek Lab Incorporated            •   Versa Technology
                  •   MicroWave Technology                 •   VSK Photonics
                  •   Moog, Inc.                           •   WIN Semiconductors
                  •   Network Device                       •   Xtal Technologies
                  •   Newport Opticom                      •   Y Media Corporation
Creating Industrial University Centers of Excellence:
   Calit2@UCI Zeiss Electron Microscopy Center
           • Zeiss Sets Up Scanning Electron Microscopy
             Demo Center in Calit2 Building
               – Showcase for Customers While Academic
                 Researchers have Access to Latest Technology
               – Calit2 UCI--Ideal Location, Near Airports and
                 Aerospace, Biomedical, Semiconductor and
                 Energy Industries
               – More Than $4M in Shared Equipment
               – Periodic Upgrades of Microscopes
           •   Peripheral Companies Join Living Lab
               – Edax, Oxford, Thermo Offer their Instruments
               – OC-Based Specimen Prep Company South Bay
                 Technology Offers Equipment and Expertise
           • Enables Outreach and Training
               – Many Companies Use Services on Recharge Basis
               – ~ 100 UCI Students Trained on the SEMs
         Calit2 Has Sought to Increase
the Entrepreneurial Culture on Both Campuses
              Technology Transfer from Federally Funded
                    Research to New Companies

   Developing Multiple Nanosensors
           on a Single Chip,
   Integrated with Local Processing
    and Wireless Communications                                                                        2006

                                                         Fluidic circuit

                                                         Guided wave       Free space
                                                            optics           optics
                                                          Aqueous           Physical    Gas/chemical
                                                          bio/chem          sensors       sensors

                                                        Electronics (communication, powering)

Ivan Schuller holding the first prototype in 2004

                                       Technology Transfer:
                       RedX (Explosive Sensors), RheVision (Fauvation Optics)
                             I. K. Schuller, A. Kummel, M. Sailor, W. Trogler, Y-H Lo
        Company Spun Off From
UCSD MURI for Nanostructured Supersensors

         XPro Kiosk                  XPAK

  High-Throughput Hand        Explosives Detection
 Screening for Explosives         on Surfaces