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					               Softball




Coe-Brown Northwood Academy Physical Education Department
History
 The game of softball originated in Chicago on
   Thanksgiving Day, 1887. A group of about twenty young
   men had gathered in the gymnasium of the Farragut Boat
   Club in order to hear the outcome of the Harvard-Yale
   football game. After Yale's victory was announced and
   bets were paid off, a man picked up a stray boxing glove
   and threw it at someone, who hit it with a pole.

 George Hancock, the inventor of softball, shouted, "Let's
   play ball!" He tied the boxing glove so that it resembled a
   ball, chalked out a diamond on the floor and broke off a
   broom handle to serve as a bat. What proceeded was an
   odd, smaller version of baseball. That game is now, 111
   years later, known as the first softball game.
Fast Pitch Softball
   Players and Positions:             The bat used by the batter is
    Pitcher – 1                         made of metal or composite
    Catcher – 2                         materials. It may be no more
                                        than 34 in long, 2.25 in
    First Base – 3                      diameter.
    Second Base – 4
    Third Base – 5                      A softball game can last
    Shortstop – 6                       anywhere from 3 to 9 innings,
    Left Field – 7                      depending on the league, rules,
    Center Field – 8                    and type of softball; however 7
                                        innings is the most common.
    Right Field – 9
                                       In fast pitch softball the ball
   As an example if you heard          MUST be pitched underhand. It
    someone say, “it was a 4 to 3       also has to be thrown by the
    play.” You would take the           pitcher using the “windmill”
    numbers above to find out who       pitch.
    made the play. 4-Second Base
    to 3-First base out.
Slow Pitch Softball
   All player positions are the
    same with the exception of
    ONE! Slow pitch has an extra         Bases will be 65 feet apart
    player: # 10. They are deemed         in the men and women's.
    as the “short fielder” and they
    play in the outfield to help fill    Games are still 7 innings, or
    gaps.                                 longer if in a tie.
                                         There is NO base stealing!
Players and Numbered Position            The pitch must be thrown
 Pitcher – 1                             underhand (slingshot) and
   Catcher – 2                            have a minimum arc of 6 ft.
   First Base – 3                         from the ground. The
   Second Base – 4                        maximum allowable arc is
                                          12 ft. from the ground. If the
   Third Base – 5                         pitch does not meet these
   Shortstop – 6                          requirements, an illegal
   Left Field – 7                         pitch shall be called.
   Center Field – 8
   Right Field – 9
   Short Field – 10
Field of Play (fast pitch)

 The pitcher's circle is a a circular area
  with an 8 foot radius measured from the
  center of the front edge of the pitcher's
  plate (rubber).
 The distance between all of the bases is
  60 feet.
 The distance from home plate to the
  pitching rubber is 43 feet (College and
  Pro) 40 feet for most high schools.
Softball Field
Safe or Out? You be the judge!
                                                                            Vocabulary
Batting Average: Percentage of times a player gets a base hit.
Diam ond: Nickname for the infield, sometimes used to describe entire field.
Double Play: When tw o outs are made on a single batted ball.
Earned run: A run that is scored w ithout the aid of an error.
Hit-and-run play: First base runner tries for second base w hen the pitcher throw s the ball. This is used to get infielders moving in the hope that a hit
        w ould allow the runner on first to reach third.
Sacrifice: When a batter bunts a ball and is put out, but the play allow s a runner to take a base.
Squeeze play: The batter bunts the ball, allow ing the runner from third base to score.
Triple play: When three outs are made on a single batted ball.
Dead Ball: Is not considered in play again, until the pitcher is stationed w ithin the 16-foot circle and the umpire calls play ball.
Foul Tip: Is a batted ball, w hich goes directly and speedily from the bat to the catcher’s mitt or hand not higher than the batters head and is legally
        caught by the catcher, ball remains alive.
Crow Hop: Is the replanting of the pivot foot prior to delivery of the pitch.
Strike Zone: Is that space over home plate, w hich is betw een the batters forward armpit and the top of the knees w hen the batter assumes a natural
        batting stance. Any part of the ball passing through the strike zone in flight shall be considered a strike; the umpire shall determine the batter’s
        strike zone according to the batter’s usual stance.
Bunt: Is a fair ball, w hich occurs when the batter does not sw ing to hit the ball, but holds the bat in the path of the ball to tap it slow ly to the infield.
Drag Bunt: Is a bunt w here the batter attempts to bunt the ball by running forw ard in the batter box, carrying the bat w ith her. The movement of the bat
        is in conjunction w ith the batters forw ard movement.
Attempted Bunt: Is any movement of the bat tow ard the ball w hen the ball is over or near the plate area. The mere holding of the bat in the s trike
        zone is not an attempt to bunt. If an attempted bunt results in a foul ball, it is treated as any other foul ball, if the batter has tw o strikes and this
        happens, he is out.
Slap Hit: Occurs w hen the batter gives the appearance of bunting, using a modified sw ing or slap at the ball as it approaches home plate. If an attempt
        to "SLAP" is a foul ball, it is treated the same as any other foul ball including an attempt by the batter w ith tw o strikes.
Wild Pitch: A w ild pitch is a pitch that cannot be handled by the catcher w ith ordinary effort.
Passed Ball: A passed ball is a pitch w hich the catcher fails to stop or control w ith ordinary effort and w hich enables a runner to advanc e.
Catch: Is the act of a fielder getting secure possession in a hand or glove of a live ball in flight and firmly holding it, provided a cap, protector, mask,
        pocket or other part of the uniform is not used to trap the ball. It is considered a catch. If a fielder catches a fair or foul ball and then leaves live-
        ball area w ith both feet by stepping or falling into a beach, dugout, stand, bleacher or over any boundary or barrier, such as a fence, rope, chalk
        line, or a pre-game determined imaginary boundary line of the field of play. Falling into does not include merely running agains t such object. It
        is not a catch w hen a fielder touches a batted ball in flight and the ball then contacts a member of the offensive team or an umpire and is then
        caught by a defensive player.
On-Deck Circle: For each team is a circle 5 feet in diameter located a safe distance to the side and aw ay from home plate, at least 30 feet if space
        allow s.
Throw out: Is a putout caused by a throw to first base to retire a batter-runner, or to any other base to w hich a runner is forced or is required to
        retouch.
Strikeout: Is the result of the pitcher getting a third strike charged to a batter. In fast pitch, this usually results in the batter being out. Anytime first base
        is unoccupied, or there are tw o outs, and the third strike is not caught, the batter-runner is entitled to advance.
Slide: Can be either feet first or head first. If a runner slides feet first, at least one leg and buttock shall be on the ground. If a runner slides, the runner
        shall be w ithin reach of the base w ith either a hand or a foot w hen the slide is completed.
"Tim e" is the command of the umpire to suspend play. The ball becomes dead w hen it is given.
Worksheet
THE GAME OF SOFTBALL WAS INVENTED IN WHAT YEAR?
WHERE WAS THE GAME OF SOFTBALL INVENTED?
WHO INVENTED THE GAME OF SOFTBALL?
ONE PITCH SOFTBALL MEANS YOU GET HOW MANY PITCHES?
HOW MANY INNINGS ARE IN A SOFTBALL GAME?
WHAT ARE THE RULES FOR SLOW-PITCH SOFTBALL?
THE MAXIMUM LENGTH FOR A SOFTBALL BAT IS?
IN SLOW-PITCH AND FAST-PITCH HOW MUST THE BALL BE
     PITCHED?
WHAT PLAYER POSITIONS ARE INVOLVED IN A 6-4-3 DOUBLE
     PLAY?
Draw and label Softball field, include lines bases,
     fielders by position and numbered positions.
Define 15 of the 24 Softball vocabulary terms.
Work sited
 Information:
   Keene State College Softball hand Book-
   Charlie Beach
   http://www.campusrec.uiuc.edu/intramurals/ima
   ges/sport_rules/softball.pdf
   http://www.softballsearch.com/softballrules.html
http://www.dudleysports.com/tips/terms.html

 Pictures:
www.news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/in_pictures/5312444.
 stm
www.wiaa.com/athletics/softball/

				
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