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REALISM NATURALISM _1865-1914_

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					REALISM NATURALISM
(1865-1914)
“EXPERIENCE (however painful) is the key
         to understanding life.”

•   Objectivity desired—portrayal like a photograph.
•   “Slice of life” emphasized.
•   Experience, testing, comparing important.
•   “Total experience” stressed.
•   Presents life as anyone might see it, unemotional
    involvement
Ambrose Bierce

• Turn to page 367 of literature
  book.
• Jot down 5 interesting facts
  about the author.
Point of View
• From what perspective did the following authors
  write?
• Bradford
• Bradstreet
• Edwards
• Franklin
• Paine
• Emerson
• Answer: First and Second person
1st,   2 nd   and   3 rd   person POV

• How are 1st and 2nd person point of
  view restricting?
• What is 3rd person POV?
• Answer: omniscient--sees and knows
  all including thoughts for all
  characters.
• Limited 3rd person POV only has the
  thoughts of one character.
Q/W: Life-or-Death

• Respond to the reading focus on
  page 367 of the literature book.
 Imagine yourself facing a frightening life-or-death
 situation involving, for example, an automobile
 accident or a natural disaster. What thoughts do you
 think might flash through your mind at such a time?
• Respond in at least 5 sentences
  on page 67 of NB.
Group Reading

• Independently read through the end
  of the story on page 376.
• As a group answer the following
  questions on page 67 of NB:
  •   Groups 1 & 6: Q 1, 6, 11
  •   Groups 2 & 7: Q 2, 7, 12
  •   Group 3      Q 3, 8, 13
  •   Groups 4 & 8: Q 4, 9, 15
  •   Group 5       Q 5, 10, 12
Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge

• Reading Focus: Main character’s
  identity as discovered through 3rd
  person omniscient and limited.
• Create an identity chart. Find at least
  20 descriptors and circle those given
  in omniscient 3rd person (bird’s eye).
• Include at least 10 quotes.
Occurrence cont.

• FILM LINK
• What happens at the end?
• What does the ending tell us about
  the story?
• What point of view is used?
• Why is that point of view necessary?
Ambrose Bierce

• Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge
• What is your impression of this type
  of writing/story? How is it different
  from the previous readings?
Concept Attainment

• Review those items marked “yes” and with
  your group discuss what possible
  relationship those items have in common.
• Independently write down what you believe
  to be the most likely relationship.
• Now, look at the next set of items and
  using your hypothesis, mark “yes” and “no”
  appropriately.
• Renew your hypothesis.
           Concept




Humans have no control over nature. It
is over-powering and indifferent.




              NATURALISM
Jack London (496)

• Lit. book, page 496. Notes on London. NB
  p. 70.
• Believed that the consciousness of an
  animal—that which is driven by instinct is
  alive because they are so deep in life.
  Such aliveness can come to people mainly in
  moments of “violent struggle” with forces
  larger than themselves.
To Build a Fire

• Read story on pages 498-509
• Focus: find at least five examples/
  quotes of the following and write
  them down in your NB pages 71-72
  •   Repetition (3 or 4 ideas)
  •   Images of overpowering forces (2 or 3)
  •   Instinct
  •   Logic
To Build a Fire cont.

• Read whole class: 498-499 (stop at
  “As he turned to …”)
• Small group read: 499-500 (stop at
  “The dog dropped…”)
• Discuss focus and jot down quotes
• Independent reading: 500-509
• Complete focus work
Writing Prompt: Select one of the
focuses from the reading and
explain the message and/or the
effect of it.
• Use a single quote, make sure it is a powerful one and write a
  150 word response answering the question that best fits
  that focus.
1. The dog’s equivalent of human imagination is evidently its instinct. How
   does the dog’s instinct enable it to escape the man’s fate?
2. What does the story suggest about humanity’s place in nature? What
   purpose do you think the author might have had in not giving this
   character a name?
3. A dominant mood of this story is that of grim hopelessness. For
   example, how does he use setting to create a sense of overwhelming
   isolation? Do not limit your explanation to the device of repetition.
4. What is London’s message about instinct versus logic?
5. What is London’s message about nature versus humanity?

				
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