“EXPERIENCE (however painful) is the key
to understanding life.”
• Objectivity desired—portrayal like a photograph.
• “Slice of life” emphasized.
• Experience, testing, comparing important.
• “Total experience” stressed.
• Presents life as anyone might see it, unemotional
• Turn to page 367 of literature
• Jot down 5 interesting facts
about the author.
Point of View
• From what perspective did the following authors
• Answer: First and Second person
1st, 2 nd and 3 rd person POV
• How are 1st and 2nd person point of
• What is 3rd person POV?
• Answer: omniscient--sees and knows
all including thoughts for all
• Limited 3rd person POV only has the
thoughts of one character.
• Respond to the reading focus on
page 367 of the literature book.
Imagine yourself facing a frightening life-or-death
situation involving, for example, an automobile
accident or a natural disaster. What thoughts do you
think might flash through your mind at such a time?
• Respond in at least 5 sentences
on page 67 of NB.
• Independently read through the end
of the story on page 376.
• As a group answer the following
questions on page 67 of NB:
• Groups 1 & 6: Q 1, 6, 11
• Groups 2 & 7: Q 2, 7, 12
• Group 3 Q 3, 8, 13
• Groups 4 & 8: Q 4, 9, 15
• Group 5 Q 5, 10, 12
Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge
• Reading Focus: Main character’s
identity as discovered through 3rd
person omniscient and limited.
• Create an identity chart. Find at least
20 descriptors and circle those given
in omniscient 3rd person (bird’s eye).
• Include at least 10 quotes.
• FILM LINK
• What happens at the end?
• What does the ending tell us about
• What point of view is used?
• Why is that point of view necessary?
• Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge
• What is your impression of this type
of writing/story? How is it different
from the previous readings?
• Review those items marked “yes” and with
your group discuss what possible
relationship those items have in common.
• Independently write down what you believe
to be the most likely relationship.
• Now, look at the next set of items and
using your hypothesis, mark “yes” and “no”
• Renew your hypothesis.
Humans have no control over nature. It
is over-powering and indifferent.
Jack London (496)
• Lit. book, page 496. Notes on London. NB
• Believed that the consciousness of an
animal—that which is driven by instinct is
alive because they are so deep in life.
Such aliveness can come to people mainly in
moments of “violent struggle” with forces
larger than themselves.
To Build a Fire
• Read story on pages 498-509
• Focus: find at least five examples/
quotes of the following and write
them down in your NB pages 71-72
• Repetition (3 or 4 ideas)
• Images of overpowering forces (2 or 3)
To Build a Fire cont.
• Read whole class: 498-499 (stop at
“As he turned to …”)
• Small group read: 499-500 (stop at
“The dog dropped…”)
• Discuss focus and jot down quotes
• Independent reading: 500-509
• Complete focus work
Writing Prompt: Select one of the
focuses from the reading and
explain the message and/or the
effect of it.
• Use a single quote, make sure it is a powerful one and write a
150 word response answering the question that best fits
1. The dog’s equivalent of human imagination is evidently its instinct. How
does the dog’s instinct enable it to escape the man’s fate?
2. What does the story suggest about humanity’s place in nature? What
purpose do you think the author might have had in not giving this
character a name?
3. A dominant mood of this story is that of grim hopelessness. For
example, how does he use setting to create a sense of overwhelming
isolation? Do not limit your explanation to the device of repetition.
4. What is London’s message about instinct versus logic?
5. What is London’s message about nature versus humanity?