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					                Today’s Topics
   Code of Federal Regulations (CFRs) Parts 61 & 91
   Airspace
   Your aircraft
   You
   Flying with a purpose
   Sample Checklist (My Mosquito)

NOTE: Feel free to improve this briefing. Please pass along
      any suggestions you have to me.
                                      -Ted
                                     CFR PART 61
                                NOT AN INCLUSIVE LIST

   61.56 Flight review
     –   (a) Except as provided in paragraphs (b) and (f) of this section, a flight review consists
         of a minimum of 1 hour of flight training and 1 hour of ground training. The review must
         include:
           » (1) A review of the current general operating and flight rules of part 91 of this
               chapter; and
           » (2) A review of those maneuvers and procedures that, at the discretion of the
               person giving the review, are necessary for the pilot to demonstrate the safe
               exercise of the privileges of the pilot certificate.
     –   (b) Glider pilots may substitute a minimum of three instructional flights in a glider, each
         of which includes a flight to traffic pattern altitude, in lieu of the 1 hour of flight training
         required in paragraph (a) of this section.
     –   (c) Except as provided in paragraphs (d), (e), and (g) of this section, no person may act
         as pilot in command of an aircraft unless, since the beginning of the 24th calendar
         month before the month in which that pilot acts as pilot in command, that person has—
           » (1) Accomplished a flight review given in an aircraft for which that pilot is rated by
               an authorized instructor and
           » (2) A logbook endorsed from an authorized instructor who gave the review
               certifying that the person has satisfactorily completed the review.
                                            CFR PART 61
                                       NOT AN INCLUSIVE LIST
   61.69 Glider towing: Experience and training requirem’ts.
    (a) No person may act as pilot in command for towing a glider or unpowered ultralight vehicle unless that
         person—
           » (1) Holds a private, commercial or airline transport pilot certificate with a category rating for
              powered aircraft;
           » (2) Has logged at least 100 hours of pilot-in-command time in the aircraft category, class and
              type, if required, that the pilot is using to tow a glider or unpowered ultralight vehicle;
           » (3) Has a logbook endorsement from an authorized instructor who certifies that the person has
              received ground and flight training in gliders or unpowered ultralight vehicles and is proficient
              in—
                     (i) The techniques and procedures essential to the safe towing of gliders or unpowered
                      ultralight vehicles, including airspeed limitations;
                     (ii) Emergency procedures;
                     (iii) Signals used; and
                     (iv) Maximum angles of bank.
           » (4) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, has logged at least three flights as the
              sole manipulator of the controls of an aircraft while towing a glider or unpowered ultralight
              vehicle, or has simulated towing flight procedures in an aircraft while accompanied by a pilot who
              meets the requirements of paragraphs (c) and (d) of this section.
           » (5) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, has received a logbook endorsement
              from the pilot, described in paragraph (a)(4) of this section, certifying that the person has
              accomplished at least 3 flights in an aircraft while towing a glider or unpowered ultralight vehicle,
              or while simulating towing flight procedures; and
           » (6) Within 24 calendar months before the flight has—
                     (i) Made at least three actual or simulated tows of a glider or unpowered ultralight vehicle while accompanied
                      by a qualified pilot who meets the requirements of this section; or
                     (ii) Made at least three flights as pilot in command of a glider or unpowered ultralight vehicle towed by an
                      aircraft.
                           CFR PART 61
                       NOT AN INCLUSIVE LIST

   61.57 Recent flight experience: Pilot in command
     – (a) General experience.
         » (1) Except as provided in paragraph (e) of this section, no person may
            act as a pilot in command of an aircraft carrying passengers or of an
            aircraft certificated for more than one pilot flight crewmember unless
            that person has made at least three takeoffs and three landings within
            the preceding 90 days, and—
                (i) The person acted as the sole manipulator of the flight controls;
                  and
                (ii) The required takeoffs and landings were performed in an
                  aircraft of the same category, class, and type (if a type rating is
                  required), and, if the aircraft to be flown is an airplane with a
                  tailwheel, the takeoffs and landings must have been made to a full
                  stop in an airplane with a tailwheel.
                       CFR PART 91 (Operating Rules)
                         NOT AN INCLUSIVE LIST

   Subpart A - GENERAL
     –   91.3     Responsibility and authority of the pilot in command
     –   91.15    Dropping objects
     –   91.17    Alcohol or drugs
   Subpart B – Flight Rules
     –   91.103   Preflight action
     –   91.105   Flight crewmembers at stations
     –   91.107   Use of safety belts
     –   91.111   Operating near other aircraft
     –   91.113   Right-of-way rules
     –   91.153   VFR flight plan: Information required
     –   91.155   Basic VFR weather minimums
     –   91.157   Special VFR weather minimums
The National Airspace System
              Airspace Structure
                                    Airspace
                                 _______ _____
                                   Regulatory
                                 Non-Reg ulatory



Controlled     Uncontrolled   Special Use                     Other
 Airspace       Airspace       Airspace                      Airspace


  Class   A       Class G       Proh ibite d Areas            Airport Advisory Are a
  Class   B                     Restricte d Areas             Military Training Routes
  Class   C                     Warning Areas                 Temporary Flight
  Class   D                     Military Operations Area s       Restrictions
  Class   E                     Alert Areas                   Flight Limitatio ns/
                                Controlled Firing Areas          Proh ibitions
                                Proh ibite d Areas            Para chute Jump
                                                                 Operations
                                                              Published VFR Routes
                                                              Terminal Radar
                                                              Service Areas
              Airspace Categories
   Controlled Airspace
    – Classes A, B, C, D, and E
    – ATC Services to IFR and VFR Flights
   Uncontrolled Airspace
    – Everything Else (Class G)
   Special Use Airspace
    – Activities Confined Because of Their Nature
    – Limitations on Non-Participating Aircraft
    – Depicted on Aeronautical Charts
   Other Airspace
    – Airspace Not Included in Other Categories
                         Airspace Classes




Reference: AIM, Ch. 3, Sect. 2, Controlled Airspace
                            Class A Airspace
        Flight Level 600                   Operations Permitted              IFR
                                           Entry Requirements                ATC Clearance
                                           Min. Pilot Qualifications         Instrument Rating
                                           Mode C Transponder                Yes
                                           Two-way Radio Comm                Yes
                                           VFR Min Visibility                N/A
                                           VFR Min Cloud Distance N/A
        18,000 Feet MSL                    Chart Symbol                      None
                                           Local Example                     N/A

To otherwise operate in Class A, ATC must issue a deviation to the normal equipment requirements.
Gliders may normally fly above 18,000 feet only in predefined ―wave windows,‖ after ATC issues a clearance.

References: AIM 3-2-2, FAR 71.33, 91.117, 91.135, 105.19
                             Class B Airspace
       Typical Dimensions
           10,000 Feet MSL                       Operations Permitted        IFR and VFR
                                                 Entry Requirements          ATC Clearance
                                                 Min. Pilot Qualifications   Private or Student
              5,500 Feet AGL
                                                 Mode C Transponder          Yes
                                                 Two-way Radio Comm          Yes
              2,900 Feet AGL
                                                 VFR Min Visibility          3 Statute Miles
Mode C Veil                    Mode C Veil
                                                 VFR Min Cloud Distance Clear of Clouds
                                                 Chart Symbol                Solid Blue Line
                     5 nm
                                                 Local Example               Atlanta Hartsfield
                     20 nm

                     30 nm (Largest Airports)

References: AIM 3-2-3, FAR 61.95, 71.41, 91.117, 91.131, 105.19
                           Class C Airspace
    Typical Dimensions                   Operations Permitted        IFR and VFR
          10,000’ MSL                    Entry Requirements          Radio Contact (VFR)
                                         Min. Pilot Qualifications   Student
          4,000’ AGL
                                         Mode C Transponder          Yes
                                         Two-way Radio Comm          Yes
          1,200’ AGL                     VFR Min Visibility          3 Statute Miles
                                         VFR Min Cloud Distance 500'/1,000'/2,000'
                                         Chart Symbol                Solid Magenta Line
                 5 nm                    Local Example               Huntsville, Birmingham

                10 nm



References: AIM 3-2-3, FAR 91.130, 71.151, 105.19
                          Class D Airspace
Typical Dimensions                       Operations Permitted        IFR and VFR
                                         Entry Requirements          Radio Contact (VFR)
     2,500 Feet AGL
                                         Min. Pilot Qualifications   Student
                                         Mode C Transponder          No
                                         Two-way Radio Comm          Yes
                                         VFR Min Visibility          3 Statute Miles
                                         VFR Min Cloud Distance 500' / 1,000' / 2,000'
             5 nm
                                         Chart Symbol                Blue Segmented Circle
                                         Local Example               Stones River, TN



References: AIM 3-2-5, FAR 71.161, 91.129, 91.155, 91.157, 105.19
                        Class E Airspace
                         Operations Permitted        IFR and VFR
                         Entry Requirements          None for VFR
To Overlying Airspace
                         Min. Pilot Qualifications   Student
   or 18,000‘ MSL
                         Mode C Transponder          No
                         Two-way Radio Comm          No for VFR
                         VFR Min Visibility          3 SM (Below 10,000' MSL)
    1,200‘ AGL
                                                      5 SM ( Above 10,000' MSL)
     700‘ AGL            VFR Min Cloud Distance 500' / 1,000' / 2,000' (< 10 KFT)
                                                      1,000' / 1,000' / 1 SM (> 10 KFT)
                         Chart Symbol                Magenta Segmented Circle
                                                      Magenta Gradient (700' Floor)
                                                      Blue Gradient (1200' Floor)
                         Local Example               Crossville, TN
          Federal Airways
 Class E
 Also Called ―Victor‖ Airways
 From 1,200 ‗ AGL to 18,000‘ MSL
 8 Nautical Miles Wide
 Chart Symbol: Blue Solid Line
      VFR Weather Minimums
                        Classes A, B, C, D, and E

    Airspace                  Flight Visibility      Cloud Clearance
                                                  Be low     Abov e    Horizontal
  Class A                            N/A                        N/A
  Class B                       3 statute miles            Clear of Clouds
  Class C                       3 statute miles   500'       1,000'      2,000'
  Class D                                         500'       1,000'      2,000'

  Class E
    Under 10,000' MSL           3 Statute Miles   500'       1,000'      2,000'
    At or Above 10,000' MSL     5 Statute Miles   1,000'     1,000'   1 Statute Mile


Reference: AIM 3-1-3
                          Class G Airspace
                    Operations Permitted        IFR and VFR
                    Entry Requirements          None
                    Min. Pilot Qualifications   Student
                    Two-way Radio Comm          No
                    VFR Min Visibility          (See Wx Min Chart)
                    VFR Min Cloud Distance      (See Wx Min Chart)
                    Chart Symbol                None
                    Local Example               N/A




References: AIM Sect,. , FAR 91.126
      VFR Weather Minimums
                                  Class G

    Altitude              Flight Visibility       Cloud Clearance
                                               Be low     Abov e    Horizontal
  Below 1,200' AGL at Any MSL Altitude
   Day                       1 Statute Mile             Clear of Clouds
   Night                    3 Statute Miles    500'       1,000'      2,000'
  Above 1,200' AGL But Below 10,000 MSL
    Day                       1 Statute Mile   500'       1,000'      2,000'
    Night                    3 Statute Miles   500'       1,000'      2,000'

  Above 1,200' AGL And Above 10,000 MSL
    Day                      5 Statute Miles   1,000'     1,000'   1 Statute Mile
    Night                    5 Statute Miles   1,000'     1,000'   1 Statute Mile


Reference: AIM 3-1-3
                    Your Aircraft
   How familiar are you with your ship?
    – Annual
       » Do your own ―Pre annual‖ inspection including:
             Inspect, clean and lube exterior structure including all
              pins, bearings, releases and gear well etc.
             Removal of interior seat pan and panels
              Inspect clean and lube cables etc.
             Inspect condition and security of wiring, tubing and
              battery
             Check functioning of all instrumentation.
                    YOU!
   ARE YOU FIT FOR FLIGHT?
    – Had a physical lately
    – Gained a few pounds over the winter
    – Too busy to get in a little exercise
                 Sample Checklist
   Pre Assembly
    - General
       Tailgate opened & secured
       Position Wing Stand
       Position Tail Dolly
       Put on apron
       Clean/grease Wing Pins
    - Fuselage
       Remove
       Lower Gear
       Brake lever set HIGH SPEED
       Clean and lube pins bearings
                      YOU! (cont)
   ARE YOU READY FOR FLIGHT
    – Need some brush-up dual
    – Do you have a ―thorough‖ checklist
    – Do you need to brush up on operating your flight computer such as up and
      down loading files
    – Do you have a flight simulator to help you with in-flight procedures and
      decision making

   THE FLIGHT
    – Do you have a Plan
    – Decide what you want to practice or accomplish this flight
    – Keep your head in the game.



                    FLY SAFE, HAVE FUN
                      Sample Checklist
   Assembly
    -Wings
        Install left wing and engage main pin
        Install right wing
        PULL together with rigging tool

     - Horizontal Stab
        Ensure Trim Neutral
        Clean receiver plate
        Push tailplane onto drive pins
        Push leading edge down and engage pin
        Remove pin tool & store in cockpit
        T.E. Probe installed and taped
                    Sample Checklist
   Grid
    –   Tail Dolly -OFF
    –   Power -ON
    –   Instruments Checked and data updated as necessary
    –   Volkslogger –ON


   Pre Take-Off
    –   Controls checked
    –   Spoilers closed
    –   Trim slightly nose down
    –   Flaps set ―-‖1
    –   Straps and chute secure
    –   Canopy closed and locked


TAKE-OFF ONLY WHEN YOU ARE READY!!
                      Sample Checklist
   Take-off
    – Lift off 40-50kts as conditions dictate
    – Flaps zero
    – Retrim
   Off Tow
    – Gear up
    – Retrim
   Pre Landing
    –   Radio calls
    –   USTALL
    –   Flaps +2 for landing
    –   45-50kts approach speed as conditions dictate
                    Sample Checklist
   Post Assembly
    –   Tape wings and tail
    –   Battery inserted, power checked
    –   Tail Dolly on
    –   Clean ship and canopy
    –   Trailer prepared for retrieve
   Pre Grid
    –   Positive Control and Wing Pin checks
    –   Flight computers programmed –Task and settings
    –   Instrument checks
    –   Radio
    –   Parachute fitted and in cockpit
    –   Food and water in cockpit
                                Sample Checklist
   Post Landing
     –   Download flight trace
     –   Clean ship
     –   Clean cockpit
     –   Trailer fittings in place
     –   Wing stands in place
     –   Remove tape
     –   Remove and stow T.E. probe
   Disassembly
     –   Ship on dolly & Gear up
     –   Empennage put away
     –   Wing pin removed
     –   Separate wings with rigging tool
     –   Remove and stow RIGHT wing
     –   Remove and stow LEFT wing
   Trailer Hook-up
     –   Shell and gate closed and locked
     –   Hitch secured to ball
     –   Tongue Wheel raised and secured
     –   Safety chains secured
     –   Lights connected
     –   Chocks removed
   Have a beer, Bullshit then ???

                                      LIFE IS GOOD!!

				
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