Complementary tracks on adaptation under the UNFCCC processes by suchenfz

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									                  UNFCCC Post-2012
                  Negotiations and the
                  Nairobi Work Programme
                  on Adaptation
                  IPCC Scoping Meeting for a potential Special Report on
                  "Extreme Events and Disasters: Managing the Risks"
                                                 Oslo, Norway, 23-26 March 2009




                  Youssef Nassef
                  Manager of the Adaptation Subprogramme
                  UNFCCC Secretariat
                  ynassef@unfccc.int
                  http://www.unfccc.int


United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
                        Messages
1.   Extreme events are not mentioned in the UNFCCC, but are
     referred to in a number of mandates and deliverables;
2.   In addition to the dedicated area of work on “climate related
     risks and extreme events” under the NWP, reference to this
     issue also appears under ongoing discussions on insurance,
     NAPA implementation, adaptation planning, and integration into
     national policy;
3.   We are at a stage where the needs relating to managing risks of
     extreme events are well documented in the context of UNFCCC
     negotiations and related outputs;
4.   Negotiations under the Bali Action Plan are likely to move this
     issue forward as part of the future agreement.




     United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
                            Outline
1.   Adaptation under the Convention
2.   Ongoing adaptation work
       •    SBI – Decision 1/CP.10 and NAPAs
       •    SBSTA – Nairobi work programme
3.   Post-2012 negotiations
       •    AWG-LCA – the Bali Action Plan
       •    Insurance-related actions
4.   Towards COP 15, Copenhagen, and the future agreement



     United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
1. Adaptation under the Convention




United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
                       UNFCCC Provisions
•    All Parties shall: …formulate, implement, publish and regularly update
     national and ... regional programmes containing measures to
     facilitate adequate adaptation to climate change [Article 4.1 (b) ]

•    All Parties shall: …Cooperate in preparing for adaptation to the
     impacts of climate change … [Article 4.1 (e)]

•    The developed country Parties…shall also assist the developing
     country Parties… in meeting costs of adaptation to those adverse
     effects [Article 4.4]

•    The Parties shall give full consideration to actions necessary to meet
     the specific needs and concerns of developing countries arising
     from the adverse effects of climate change, including actions related
     to funding, insurance and transfer of technology …[Article 4.8]

•    The Parties shall take full account of the specific needs and special
     situations of the least developed countries in their actions with
     regard to funding and transfer of technology [Article 4.9]

    United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
                     Complementary Tracks

                         Technical/methodological
Implementation                                              Post-2012
                               aspects and
   aspects                                                 negotiations
                            knowledge sharing

 Subsidiary Body               Subsidiary Body              Ad Hoc Working
for Implementation             for Scientific and           Group on Long-
       (SBI)                     Technological             term Cooperative
                               Advice (SBSTA)               Action under the
                                                              Convention
                                                              (AWG-LCA)
     1/CP.10                     Nairobi work
     NAPAs                       programme                 Bali Action Plan



     Financial and technological support, Capacity-building

   United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
  2. Ongoing adaptation work
   • Subsidiary Body for Implementation

   • Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice




United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
  Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI)

• Decision 1/CP.10: Buenos Aires programme of work
  – Responding to the adverse effects of climate change in line with
    Article 4 of the Convention
  – Information exchange and integrated assessments to assist
    Parties in identifying region-specific gaps, needs and
    concerns (workshop reports and synthesis report available from the
      UNFCCC website)

• National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPAs)
  – Process for assessment and communication of urgent and
    immediate adaptation needs in LDCs, drawing on existing
    information and community-level inputs;
  – 39 NAPAs submitted, including 437 projects, such as:
        • 30 projects – disaster management and early warning systems;
        • 2 projects – insurance.



  United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological
                 Advice (SBSTA)




United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
Relevant areas of work under the Nairobi work
                  programme
               • Climate-related risks and extreme events
                    – Promoting understanding of impacts of, and vulnerability
                      to, climate change, current and future climate variability
                      and extreme events, and the implications for sustainable
                      development


               • Adaptation planning and practices
                    – Collecting, analysing and disseminating information on
                      past and current practical adaptation actions and
                      measures, including adaptation projects, short- and long-
                      term adaptation strategies, and local and indigenous
                      knowledge
                    – Facilitating communication and cooperation among and
                      between Parties and relevant organizations, business,
                      civil society, and decision makers, and other
                      stakeholders


  United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
    Examples of relevant outcomes from the Nairobi
               work programme so far…
•    Gaps, needs, opportunities (through workshop reports):
      – Climate related risks and extreme events: workshop held in Cairo, June 2007
        (Report of the workshop: FCCC/SBSTA/2007/7)
      – Adaptation planning and practices: workshop held in Rome, September 2007, in
        collaboration with FAO
        (Report of the workshop: FCCC/SBSTA/2007/15)
      – Integrating practices, tools and systems for climate risk assessment and management and
        DRR strategies into national policies and programme: workshop held in Havana, March
        2009, in collaboration with UNISDR (Report forthcoming)

•    Current practices and information analyzed (through technical papers):
      – Physical and socioeconomic trends in climate-related risks and extreme events, and their
        implications for sustainable development (FCCC/TP/2008/3)
      – Integrating practices, tools and systems for climate risk assessment and management and
        disaster risk reduction strategies into national policies and programme (FCCC/TP/2008/4)

•    Knowledge and information on adaptation undertaken by a wide range of partner
     organizations, shared through:
      – Adaptation practices interface (http://unfccc.int/4555.php)
      – Adaptation private sector initiative (http://unfccc.int/4623.php)
      – User-friendly ourreaching materials in UN languages


        United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
Examples of needs in risk management identified
       by the Nairobi work programme …
 •   Guidance on the links between disaster risk reduction strategies and adaptation.
 •   Access to information on data archives/databases for risk assessment and
     prediction.
 •   Capacity to integrate climate-based information and services through
     collaboration dialogues, such as agricultural/food security outlook forums or
     health outlook forums.
 •   Risk-mapping of health impacts. Standardized indicators for changes in health
     impacts and for effectiveness of risk reduction and adaptation measures.
 •   Analysis of links between livelihoods and ecosystem services provided by coral
     reefs, mangroves and wetlands with a view to identifying/disseminating options
     for risk management, particularly for vulnerable coastal communities.
 •   Insurance-related instruments for coping with climate variability and change
     and promoting adaptation, and analysing their role in decision-making towards
     risk reduction.
 •   Documenting, cataloguing, using and disseminating traditional knowledge to
     assist climate risk reduction and adaptation planning, including how to blend
     indigenous practices with scientific knowledge in assessing, predicting and
     managing risks.
 •   Enhanced efforts to develop and apply methods to assess costs and benefits of
     adaptation options, and costs of inaction, in all sectors, including non-monetary
     costs associated with impacts on ecosystem services and indigenous cultures.

      United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
           3. Post-2012 Negotiations
Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action
          under the Convention (AWG-LCA)




United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
           Post-2012 negotiations: AWG-LCA
1/CP.13: Bali Action Plan (BAP)
•       Five pillars
•       Enhanced action on adaptation includes:
           International cooperation to support urgent implementation
            of adaptation actions;
             Integration of adaptation actions
             Means to incentivize the implementation of adaptation
                actions,
           Risk management and risk reduction strategies;
           Disaster reduction strategies and means to address loss
            and damage associated with climate change impacts in
            developing countries;
           Economic diversification to build resilience;
           Strengthening the catalytic role of the Convention.
    United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
      Relevant outputs under the BAP so far…
• In-session workshops (reports available)
    – Advancing adaptation through finance and technology, including NAPAs
       (AWG-LCA2);
         • Four components in adaptation deliberations
              –   National Planning for Adaptation
              –   Streamlining and scaling up financial and technological support
              –   Enhancing knowledge sharing
              –   Institutional frameworks for adaptation
    – Risk management and risk reduction strategies, including risk sharing
      and transfer mechanisms, such as insurance (AWG-LCA4)

• Thematic documents
    – Technical paper on mechanisms to manage financial risks from direct
      impacts of climate change in developing countries (FCCC/TP/2008/9)
    – Adaptation-related activities within the United Nations system
       (FCCC/AWGLCA/2008/INF.2)
    – Ideas and proposals on paragraph 1 of the Bali Action Plan (Assembly paper,
       FCCC/AWGLCA/2008/16/Rev.1)
    – Fulfillment of the Bali Action Plan and components of the agreed outcome
       (FCCC/AWGLCA/2009/4 part I & II)

     United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
Discussions on adaptation focusing on risk
              under the BAP
•   Ways to deal with risks, including insurance-related mechanisms
    for reducing risk
•   Formulating and implementing adaptation plans that integrate,
    prioritize and effectively use scientific information
•   Enabling environments
     – Incentivizing adaptation
     – Economic diversification
     – Knowledge sharing
•   Employing financial resources and technology


Possible need for a new risk mechanism, under the
 UNFCCC, incorporating such areas as insurance,
rehabilitation/compensation and risk management


    United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
               Insurance-related actions
• Current and potential mechanisms to manage financial
  risks from direct impacts of climate change
   – Discussed in the UNFCCC technical paper (FCCC/TP/2008/9)
   – Need for a portfolio of mechanisms
• Proposals put forward by Parties and organizations at the
  risk management in-session workshop
   – AOSIS: Multi-Window Mechanism
   – MCII: Risk Management Framework
   – EU: Framework for Action on Adaptation

• Areas of convergence
   – Development of enabling environment is essential
   – Financial mechanisms for risk sharing and transfer have the
     potential to stimulate preventive action
   – Support of international community in developing, adopting and
     scaling up financial mechanisms is essential
   – Joint schemes, and international and regional coordination and
     cooperation need to be promoted
 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
4. Towards COP15, Copenhagen, and a
          future agreement




 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
                           Time table 2009

•    NWP workshops
      –   Increasing economic resilience to climate change and reducing
          reliance on vulnerable economic sectors.       28-30 April, Egypt
      –   Advancing the integration of various approaches to adaptation
          planning, including scaling up of local and community-based
          adaptation.                                           September


•    Negotiating sessions
      –   AWG-LCA 5:                    29 March – 8 April, Bonn

      –   AWG-LCA 6 & SB 30:    1 – 12 June, Bonn
      –   AWG-LCA 7:            28 Sept – 9 October, Bangkok
      –   AWG-LCA 8, COP 15 and CMP 5:
                      7 - 18 December, Copenhagen



    United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
Thank you!
For further information on the Nairobi
work programme, see
<http://unfccc.int/nwp>

For further information on adaptation,
see <http://unfccc.int/4159>

Youssef Nassef
Manager of the Adaptation Subprogramme
UNFCCC Secretariat
ynassef@unfccc.int

								
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