What is Engineering by nikeborome


									POE Work Guide: UNIT2-Communication and Documentation                                                 Page 1

POE UNIT 2: Communication and Documentation

Lesson 2.1 Engineering Notebook

   The engineering notebook is a complete record of EV ERYTHI NG that the owner does
   and thinks about the project. Another person reading the engineering notebook
                                                                                                  In your case …
                                                                                                  your *project* is
   should be able to recreate the work completed by the author. Think of the engineering          the successful
   notebook as legal evidence that is very difficult to dispute in court – it is. Appropriate     completion of
   documentation in an engineer‟s notebook is the basis of legal ownership of ideas.              POE!
   The engineer who documents an idea or invention first, gets the patent.

   A patent is a propert y right granted by the Government of the United States of America to an inventor
   “to exclude ot hers from mak ing, using, offering for sale, or selling the invention throughout the Unit ed
   States or importing the invention int o the United States” for a limited time in exc hange for public
   disclosure of the invention when the patent is granted. – US PA TENT WEBSITE

   The engineering notebook is permanently bound with numbered pages. It is read, signed, and
   graded periodically by the instructor to support chronological integrity – evidenc e that specific entries
   were written at a specific time. It includes information that is appropriately recorded on paper – notes,
   ideas, hand sketches, calculations, etc. Printouts or photocopies can be taped into the not ebook
   following a specific format. All information that is original to another source needs to be referenced
   appropriately. The notebook includes ONLY the owner‟s work as it happens.

   Engineering notebook example – a famous first computer bug.
POE Work Guide: UNIT2-Communication and Documentation                                                Page 2

   Engineering Notebook: The Rules

      Each new entry must begin with a horizontal line across the page wit h the date and time below
       the line.
      Each entry should end with a clear end mark. This is usually a horizontal line drawn ac ross the
       page with the date and time above the line.
      If any blank space on a page is unused, there must be a diagonal line drawn through the space.
      Entries follow one another with no gaps of more than 1 line, missing pages or added pages.
       Mistakes are crossed out with a single line, initialed and dated (Note: In a real -world engineering
       notebook , entries are made in black pen with no erasures ).
      Use the structure “I (action verb) ____” to doc ument your thoughts, decisions, and actions.
      A void comments on other group members‟ activities unless it affects you.
      A void statements of non-technical nature. For example, „the test went very well…‟ d oes not add
       any real value or detail to the event.
      This is not intended to be a diary. Do not write things like „we went out for a bite to eat and then
       went to the store to get the materials needed‟.
      When referring to a computer file, include file name and location it can be found (file pat h).
      When referring to information from outside the group, regardless of th e source, include a
      When referring to another group member‟s work, identify by name and state location in not ebook.
      A void large blocks of undifferentiated text. Organize the entries with headers, underlines, or
       some reasonable method to quickly scan the page to find information you seek .
      All design decisions should be documented by including all possibilities considered,
       considerations for comparis on, and the decision outcome. Include a technical defense (rationale)
       for the decision. It is not necessary to copy the decision matrix into your journal. A copy can be
       pasted in and then dated and signed as summarized below.
      Printouts can be signed/ dated and permanently taped to bound pages - write your name so it
       crosses the tape, added sketch, and journal page.
      Include annot ated hand sketches as they occur - include enough detail to convey the idea or
       technical detail. They should be as neat as possible. Annotations, notes, and leader li nes need
       to be included to label and explain functioning. Sketches can show motion using before and after
       position phantom lines. In this case, you are limited only by your individual talent. If referring to
       some one else‟s sketch, you do not need to copy it, only provide sufficient reference information
       to lead to that other sketch. Drawings made using software should be referred to by file name
       and path. It is not necessary to copy the drawing into your journal.
POE Work Guide: UNIT2-Communication and Documentation                                                                        Page 3

    The NEW KID Changes the World … Not the *OLD TIME R*

    Jack Kilby, the inventor of the integrated circuit which provided the basis of the comput er chip
    revolution, made the discovery 47 years ago, when, as a recently hired engineer at Texas
    Instruments, he was left to work alone in a laboratory while most of his 7,500 colleagues were taking
    a company-wide summer holiday. As a newly hired employee, Mr Kilby did not qualify to take a
    holiday in August 1958. Mr Kilby, a seminal 20th century invent or whom many place in the same
    league as Henry Ford and the Wright Brothers, won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 2000 for his work.
                                          By hand-wiring together multiple transistors, Mr Kilby's invention - about
                                          half the size of a paper clip - spawned a revolution in miniaturization in
                                          which millions of circuits are now hous ed on tiny pieces of silicon used in
                                          devic es from computers to elevators to pacemakers.
                                          Working in parallel at pioneering Silicon Valley company Fairchild
                                          Semiconductor, Mr Kilby's rival Bob Noyce sketched out his own ideas
                                          for an integrated circuit in an engineering notebook - then forgot about it,
                                          according to a new biography of Mr Noyce's life.
                                          Mr Kilby, on the other hand, immediately recognized the value of his
                                          invention and built a working prototype in a matter of days, according to
                                          associates at Texas Instruments.
                                          Mr Kilby and Tex as Instruments were first to patent the integrated circuit.

Engineering Notebook Grading
Each student‟s engineering not ebook will be graded periodically. Throughout the course, students are
expected to add to their notebook as work is being completed. In most courses, a student notebook need
only be legible to the student but the notes in the engineering notebook need to be clear and complete
enough to be understood in detail. Several requirements for the engineering not ebook are reflected in the
rubric below which will be used for each notebook check.
 Topics                     A                                B                           C                             F
 Handwriting     Handwriting is easy to        Handwriting is usually        Handwriting legibility is     No or insignificant
 Legibility      read and neat.                easy to read w ith small      inconsistent.                 examples of legible
                                               legibility problems.                                        handwriting since last
 Chronological Entries for new days            Entries are complete.         Entries are incomplete        No or insignificant
 Integrity     begin with a line drawn         Minor problems w ith          and/or problems with          examples of complete
               across the page with the        gaps, mistakes, missing       gaps, mistakes, missing       dated entries since last
               date directly below.            or incorrect dates, etc.      or incorrect dates, etc.      check.
               NO gaps.
               Mistakes crossed out with
               a single line, initialed and
 Content       Entries are sufficiently        Most infor mation is          Journal entries are           No or insignificant
               descriptive to completely       detailed. Minor details are   inconsistently descriptive    examples of detailed
               recreate the thought            missing to recreate the       to completely recreate        entries since last check.
               process and the work.           work.                         the work.
 Sketches      Notebook contains               Sketches express project      Quality and/or quantity of    No or insignificant
               sketches that are related       ideas w ith minor             sketches and drawings         examples of sketches
               to the topic and express        problems in clarity,          are inconsistent in clearly   clearly expressing project
               project ideas clearly.          technique, etc.               expressing project ideas.     ideas since last check.
POE Work Guide: UNIT2-Communication and Documentation                                               Page 4

 Write a paragraph below that clearly illustrates the importanc e of effective communication and
    documentation in engineering:
    _______________________________________________________________________________ _

Lesson 2.2 Sketching
 Create a sufficient set of free-hand sketches in your Engineering Not ebook to demonstrate mastery of
    proper sketching techniques for the following sketch types:
            o   Orthographic 3 Angle Projection
            o   Oblique
            o   Isometric
            o   One-Point Perspective
            o   Two-Point Perspective
    Beside at least one sketch of each type, explain how the conc epts of size and proportion apply.
    A vailable resources include the Sketching PowerP oint found in the POE/UNIT2 network folder and
    web resources.
 In your Engineering Not ebook, create a list of the line types used in engineering free-hand sketches,
    in order of precedence, and include sketches that demonstrate those ideas. Available resources
    include the Sketching PowerP oint found in the POE/UNIT2 network folder and web res ourc es.

Lesson 2.3 Tool s for Data Collection, Representation, and Presentation
 Using an appropriate set (or sets) of data you have eit her collected or ac quired, create each of the
    following types of charts and graphs and explain how effectively they convey information about the
            o   Time-Series
            o   Line Graph
            o   Histogram
            o   Bar Graph
            o   Pie Chart

    A vailable resources include excel worksheets that can be found in the POE/UNIT2 net work folder.
POE Work Guide: UNIT2-Communication and Documentation                                                  Page 5

Lesson 2.4 Oral Presentations
 Brainstorm with your classmates to discuss the attributes of successful oral presentations and
    indicate where unsuccessful oral presentations typically fall short. Cont rast five of those attributes in
    the table below:
          Attributes of Successful Presentations:             Where Unsuccessful Presentations
                                                                           Fall Short

 Prepare a 3 minute oral presentation relat ed to one of the graphs you created for Lesson 2.3, that
    addresses the following areas with three Powerpoint Slides:
            o   Powerpoint Slide #1 – The data you selected, why you selected it, and the question you
                seek to address with your analysis,
            o   Powerpoint Slide #2 – Identify and pres ent the graph you found most instructive for your
            o   Powerpoint Slide #3 – Conclusions from your analysis
 Place your powerpoint document in your digital portfolio and in the POE.0910\ UNIT2-
    Documentation\Presentations\ClassPeriod# folder, named as follows: FirstName_LastName.ppt
 Present your 3 minute oral pres entation. (Note: Pres entations will very likely occur after the unit is
    completed on dates assigned by your teacher {with at least one day of advanced notice}).
POE Work Guide: UNIT2-Communication and Documentation                                                      Page 6

Presentation Rubric

Category        A                            B                        C                        F

Content         Thoroughly and clearly       Adequately states the    States most of the       States few main points
                states the main points       main points and          main points and          and details that focus on
                and precise details that     details that are         details that focus on    the design project, or
                are accurately focused       accurately focused on    the design project.      informat ion does not
                on the design project.       the design project.      May include some         relate to topic.
                                                                      informat ion.

Organization Clearly organized into a        Adequate evidence of     Fair evidence of a       Minimal or no outline
                logical sequence.            a logical sequence of    logical sequence of      followed. No logical
                                             informat ion. Good       informat ion. So me      organization; some
                Excellent use of an          use of an outline.       use of an outline.       digressions. Unclear,
                outline. Excellent           Satisfactory             Weak introduction        confusing. No
                introduction and             introduction and         and conclusion.          introduction or
                conclusion.                  conclusion.                                       conclusion.

Delivery        Effectively and              Adequately delivers      Delivers the             Little or no attempt is
                creatively delivers the      the information while    informat ion but does    made to stay on the topic.
                informat ion while           staying on the topic     not stay on the topic.   Does not consider
                staying on the topic and     and considering the      Little consideration     audience. Difficult to
                considering the              audience. Speaks         of audience. Uses        understand.
                audience. Uses voice         clearly and              incomp lete
                variation; interesting and   confidently.             sentences.
                vivid to hear.

Preparation     Presentation shows           Presentation shows       Presentation shows       Presentation is lacking in
                detailed preparation and     satisfactory                                      preparation and practice
                practice in delivery         preparation as well as   some preparation and     of the delivery including
                including use of voice,      practice in delivery     practice in the          use of voice, posture, eye
                posture, eye contact,        including use of         delivery including       contact, gestures, pacing,
                gestures, pacing, and use    voice, posture, eye      marginal use of          and little or no use of
                of pictures, graphs,         contact, gestures, and   voice, posture, eye      pictures, graphs, and
                computer models, etc.        pacing. So me use of     contact, gestures,       computer models.
                Interesting and vivid.       pictures, graphs,        pacing, pictures,        Difficult to hear. Speaker
                                             computer models,         graphs, and              appears tense. Fidgets
                                             etc.                     computer models.         often.

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