III transformer by nikeborome




   Abidjan, 03 – 05 Avril 2007

            APRIL 2007



The opening ceremony of the 3rd meeting of the Scientific Committee of the mandate
2006 – 2008 of UPDEA was held on Tuesday the 2nd of April 2007 at Hôtel Ivoire, Abidjan in
Côte d’Ivoire.

It was headed by His Excellency, Mr. Léon MONNET, Ministry of Mines and Energy of Côte
d’Ivoire. On behalf of the President of the Republic he thanked the UPDEA for its decision
to hold a similar meeting in 2004 in Côte d’Ivoire despite the intensity of the socio-political
conflict. This decision is a mark of the traditional African solidarity and all the delegates
should feel at home in Côte d’Ivoire. He pointed up that the theme of the next Congress
of UPDEA which should take place in 2008 at Naïrobi in Kenya, that is “good governance
of national electric sectors, key factor of the realisation of access to electricity for African
people” is relevant.

Before that, Mr. J. N. NG’ANGA, Deputy Chief Executive of KenGen, representing Mr. E.
NJOROGE, Chief Executive of KenGen and First Vice-President of the Scientific
Committee took the floor. He apologize the fact that due to external constraints was not
able to come at Abidjan. After that, Mr. NG’ANGA spoke about good governance
because it is an important point that will help our companies to promote efficient and
effective use of scarce resources in transparency, accountability and probity.

Before Mr. NG’ANGA, M. Herman MUTIMA SAKRI NI, Secretary General of UPDEA, on
behalf of the President of UPDEA, thanked the Ministry of Mines and Energy of Côte
d’Ivoire w ho accepted to head the opening ceremony of this meeting despite his busy
agenda. This is a proof of his commitment in the African cause. He also thanked the
Ivorian electricity sector (SOGEPE, SOPI E, CIE, AZI TO) for his support in the organisation of
the event. He welcomed all the participants and asked them to do their best to make
this meeting successful. For that, and as we are preparing the next congress of UPDEA at
Naïrobi, the experts were asked to go as far as possible in the different themes defined
during the first Scientific Committee. He closed his speech by presenting the program of
the present meeting.


The closing ceremony took place on Thursday the 05th of April 2007 at Hôtel Ivoire.

It was headed by the Director of Energy, M. Simon EDDY, representing the Minister of
Mines and Energy of Côte d’Ivoire. He congratulated the delegates for the good job
performed in a short time. He ended by wishing the participants a safe return to home.

Before that, M. J. N. NG’ANGA, representing the President of the Scientific Committee,
also congratulated the delegates for the good job done but urged them to keep a very
good communication inside their Study Committees to achieve the objective of the
period 2006 – 2008, that is “good governance of national electric sectors, key factor of
the realisation of access to electricity for African people”.
Finally, a special vote of thanks and a vote of thanks were addressed to the Political
Authorities of Côte d’Ivoire and to the Leaders of the Ivorian electricity sector (SOGEPE,

                            II. SUMMARIES OF THE COMMUNICATIONS

                                        PRESENTATION N 1
                                Regulation and good governance

Theme: Contribution of regulation to good governance of the power sector in Africa.
Chairperson: Mr. J. NG’ANGA Deputy CEO KenGen – Kenya
Presenter: Professor Benie Assie CEO of ANARE (Agence Nationale de Régulation) Côte

The presentation focused on:

        1.      Terminological definitions
        2.      Contribution of regulation to good governance
        3.      Constraints of regulation and its impacts on governance
        4.      Results on the power sector
        5.      Perspectives of improvement of the regulation effectiveness.

Good governance is the transposition of rigour in the management of priv ate utilities to
that of the public ones in the 1980s. However, documents in course of process in South
Africa reveal that since the 14t h Century, good governance and fight against corruption
were already applied in TOMBOUCTOU.

Regulation needs to be established when the State is to stand down in favour of a
priv ate operator for its skills and abilities in investments, for the matter it will be important
at that moment to protect the customer ; notably, the weakest ones.

Regulation is one of the best tools of measure of good governance throughout its 5
components: establishment and implementation of rules, control, assistance, advice and
protection of customers.

In respect of rules, we have legal and technical rules on one hand and economic rules
with “price cap” and the normal output rate on the other hand.

As for constraints, we have 2 types of them:

   1.        Constraints pegged since the origin to the choice of the type of regulation,
             either per decision (English speaking countries) or per contract (French
             speaking countries), but above all to the non-independence of the regulator
             notably due to its financing sources w hich do not allow him fix prices but rather
             give some viewpoints.

   2.        Those due to its internal limits; its technical abilities to make rules respected, its
             incapacity to be transparent; since the agreements do not set limits of
             responsibilities nor resort ways.

   In these circumstances, the results w ill conceivably be insufficient: access rates to
   electricity do not increase, tariffs are very high, service quality is very poor, thermal
   generation firms are making profits on poor populations back, and concurrently the
   State resources do not allow renewal of its investments.

The perspectives of improvement lies in: capacities building of national regulation
bodies through their own channels AFUR (African Forum for Utility Regulators) and
RERA (Regional Energy Regulators Association) for example, adaptation rather than
transposition of western systems, establishment of distinct regulations for the
interconnections and finally reach a real independence just like the judge who
dispenses justice rather than the public prosecutor who is under the authority of the

                                  PRESENTATION N 2:
                    State of progress of the UPDEA main initiatives

Theme: Overview on the UPDEA main initiatives
Chairperson: Mr. J. N NG’ANGA Deputy CEO KenGen-Kenya
Presenter: Mr. SAKRI NI MUTIMA, Secretary General of UPDEA

The major UPDEA initiatives focused on 5 areas:

The information system in implementation by the UPDEA General Secretariat aims at
exchanging in real time, complete, reliable, and regularly updated data among all
operators of the power sector (power utilities and power pools). This system includes:
general, technical, commercial and socio-economic data; information on production
of electric equipments and projects. Its main objectives are: the benchmarking, the
strengthening of cooperation and companies’ integration and serve as a helping tool
for decision makers.

I mplementation of this databank started in April 2002 and it w as presented to certain
partners (AfDB, WEC, power, pools…) who approved it, between November 2003 and
July 2004. I ts implementation on Intranet w as put in service in October 2005.
Data collection is planned to end on April 2007.


Rural electrification is generally regarded as non profitable and its implementation is
submitted to some priority needs on one hand: health, education, roads construction
and on the other hand, to some constraints: financing mechanisms and procedures
are heavy and do take much time.

The FADER, a flexible and pro-active tool, must contribute to the establishment of a
specific financing system w hich brings out rural electrification opportunities as basic
solution for a sustainable and integrated development.

On the basis of the working group proposals (CER, Regional Development Banks,
UPDEA and utilities) made in September 2005, search for funding of the feasibility
studies of FADER is being carried. The beginning of the studies is planned on May 2007
so that an expert can work out and submit his report in October 2007.


The major objectives of AFSEC are: providing for standards w hich are adapted to
African realities and to reduce costs of rural electrification projects.

The project w as launched in June 2006 during the UPDEA 16t h Congress in Accra and
its basic texts were worked out by ad hoc working group, w hich w as set up. This
working group will finalize these documents during its meeting planned from 16 to 18
April 2007 in Addis-Ababa so that the inauguration of AFSEC can take place by end
of 2007 at the latest.


The rates of access to electricity of African Countries are very low; from 3 to 35%. This is
consecutive to low rate of rural electrification. Cooperation between utilities and
neighbouring countries should be the pillar of increasing rate of access to electricity
through implementation of cross-border electrification projects.

At this current stage, a pilot programme has been identified. UPDEA is still in search of
its funding.


Although, staff training is essential for utilities, it represents less than 0.1% of their
budgets. Many member utilities of UPDEA own training centres which could benefit

The General Secretariat has defined a new approach including as well agents of
execution as the managers. From w hich was organised the workshop on good
governance held in Addis-Ababa on June 2006 intended to CEOs and MDs.

                                   PRESENTATION N 3:
                           Contribution of an affiliate member

Theme: Transformers prevention against explosion and fire: the TP system (Transformer
Protector) SERGI- France.
Chairperson: Mr MUTIMA Sakrini, Secretary General of UPDEA.
Presenter: Mr Da Silv a Rui Antonio – SERGI – France.

Description of the TP system focused on three major axes:

• Designs; principle of the TP – physical phenomenon( generation of the electric arc,
dynamic and static pressure, electric arc and pressure peak ratio)
• Functioning of the TP; depressurisation parameters of the TP- keys of success of a
very fast depressurisation. TP tests on 20MVA transformers.
• Considering of actual constraints; installation on existing transformers- Examples of

The presenter focused on the actual fire case which occurred in the hydro-electric
power station at I TAIPOU in Brazil which main characteristics were:16 thousand of
installed capacity, arc of 2500 A, transformer of 200MVA. Only 6.33 ms were enough
for a total rupture of energy. And out of the exchanges which followed, the
conclusion of the presentation include among others:

1. Efficiency and quality of the TP are based on principles that SERGI imposed to

         To each transformer is dedicated one and only one TP, as well as a
          single protection system.
         The TP is dimensioned as the most sensitive element that breaks to
          protect the transformer after the occurrence of the dynamic pressure, its
          usefulness and cost should be measured in comparison to the customer
          dissatisfaction notably in an interconnection context, potential losses,
          the transformer itself, human liv es (operators and neighbours of the site),
          and non distributed energy.
         The TP system cannot protect the transformer against heating due to
          overloading in operation, and outdoors high temperatures; other
          protection system need to be planned namely the cooling by water jet.
         For hav ing w orked for African utilities, for instance in Botsw ana and in
          South Africa, the components of TP system hav e been adapted to
          African climate.

2. The specifications of SERGI include the process of preventive maintenance:

         A list of check points, control, tests and renewal of elements is provided
          to the customer at the commissioning. The periodicity of the monitoring
          varies between 6 months to 5 years.
         The time of intervention w hich causes unavailability of the transformer
          are acceptable for instance from 2 to 3 hours for the TP replacement
          and a few days for installation of the w hole TP system. However this
          number of days depends on the quality of the site plans.

3. The purchase cost of a TP system w as about 25,000 Euros (by February 2007).


Sub Themes of the principal theme of the congress

1. Good governance as a benchmark for best practices for operations and
   maintenance of electric utilities
2. Access to good quality electricity for African People.
3. Good governance and optimization of investments for rural electrification
4. Customer Relations Management as a catalyst for easy access to electricity
       a. I mproving internal efficiencies to facilitate easy access to electricity
       b. External options/strategies to facilitate easy access to electricity
5. Quality management standards - a tool for good governance to improve access
   to electricity
6. The key role of technical standards and technical regulations in realising access to
7. Good governance, credible credit rating and successful restructuring as a means
   of ensuring access to financing for African power projects.
8. Good corporate governance in utility companies: the strategic role of HR

Round table theme:

1. Effect of political power on the execution of electrical sector projects


The full v ersions are herein attached

The w ork so far has been a proposed workshop which was to be held in Dakar, Senegal
which is still outstanding.

The meeting w as also to come up w ith a sub-theme for the 2008 UPDEA congress to be
held in June 2008 in Nairobi, Kenya

Objectives for the Period 2005 – 2008

The objectives set by the committee for the period as stated is to w ork in tw o groups with
the work set out as follows:

Work Group 1 to be led by KenGen with the following activities;

      Completion of the Africa grid map, w hich was an activity from the previous period
       but w as not completed owing to constraints of having all the various maps from
       the African Power Pools. This activity would be led by ESKOM.
      Strategy of development of generation/transmission in the perspective of
       interconnected systems. This activ ity would be led by SONELGAZ.

   Work Group 2 to be led by Senelec with the following activ ities;

      Operational guidelines for interconnected systems. This activity would be led by
      Guidelines for best practices of operation and maintenance of electrical power
       systems. This activ ity would be led by ECG/CIE.

So far none of the groups delegated to provide the leadership in the objectives have
begun the work assigned to them. I t is only the work on the Africa grid map w hich has
gone on quite satisfactorily. Tw o regional maps are still outstanding and these are those
for East and Central Africa.

The other groups have promised to provide drafts of their works by April 30, 2007.

SONELGAZ was requested to host the workshop and the proposal is for it to be held in
August 2007.
Another workshop is planned for South Africa in April 2008 to be hosted by ESKOM.

Sub-Theme for 2008 Congress

The committee suggested 2 sub-themes for the Nairobi congress and these are as
     Good governance as a benchmark for best practices for operations and
       maintenance of electric utilities
     Access to good quality electricity for African People.


  - Cross Border rural electrification
  - African Funds Fund for Development of Rural Electrification (FADER)
  - International Conference on Rural Electrification - Casablanca (Morocco), 22nd to
     24t h October 2007 ;
  - Proposal of the sub-theme and Round Table Theme for the 16t h UPDEA congress to
     be held in Nairobi, Kenya in June 2008.

   I. Cross Border Rural Electrification.

To enhance the execution of Cross Border Rural Electrification the Committee has made
5 recommendations.

   II. African Funds Fund for Development of Rural Electrification (FADER)
   As of Terms of Reference (TDR) for the FADER feasibility studies has already approved
   by the UPDEA Members, the Committee recommends that the Scientific Committee
   launches as soon as possible the call for tenders such that a Consultant must chosen
   to realize these studies.

   III. International Conference on Rural Electrification - Casablanca (Morocco), 22nd to
   24th October 2007

The Committee thinks that it point of view and observations are well coming to improve
the organization of this International Conference. After debates the Committee has
added to the themes and for the workshop of the conference subjects on financing of
rural electrification, (Financial Engineering, FADER).
To analyze the regional integration the Committee recommends that Cross Border
Electrification must be included as a catalyst of sustainable development.

IV. The 16th UPDEA Congress - Nairobi, Kenya in June 2008.

In line with the UPDEA 16t h Congress theme “ Good Governance Of National Power
Sectors As A Key Factor For Realization Of Access To Electricity For All The Peoples Of
Africa” the committee adopted:

Sub Theme

   Good governance and optimization of investments for rural electrification

Round Table Theme:

Impact of political power on the implementation of electrical sector projects


   1.   Adoption of the minutes of meeting in Luanda, Angola
   2.   Rev iew of committee’s report
   3.   Study Committee Colloquium in Cape Tow n, South Africa
   4.   Themes for THE 16 TH UPDEA CONGRESS in Nairobi, Kenya, June 2008

1- Adoption of the minutes of the last meeting

The Luanda report was not made av ailable for discussion and adoption due to the
absence of both the Coordinator and the Reporter.

2 – Review of Committee reports

Members of the Study Committee were not happy with the Summary v ersion of the
Committee’s report captured in the Minutes of the 2 nd Scientific Committee meeting of
UPDEA in Luanda and the Working Document of the Third Meeting of the UPDEA
Scientific Meeting in Abidjan. The report did not represent the true recordings of
achievements of the Study Committee. The Committee therefore requests the UPDEA
Secretariat to contact Mr. Albéric YAO YAO, CI E, for the correct report.

   2.1: “Strategies for the improvement of the Revenue Management (Billing-Collection
       The presentation of utility experiences on this theme w as started in Cotonou,
       (Benin) and continued in Luanda, Angola. The report of the working group
       meeting w as discussed.

   2-2: “Demand Side Management”

        The report on this theme w as discussed and requires some additional information
        on practical research and case studies. This gap w ill be filled after the colloquium
        in South Africa.

3 –Study Committee Colloquium in Cape Town, South Africa

In order to have all the required information and data to finalize the reports on the two
themes, a time schedule was suggested as follows:

           Organise a colloquium to seek and foster common approaches in dealing with
            key customer management issues by electrical energy utilities within the
            African continent to coincide w ith the Standardisation colloquium from the 28 t h
            - 29t h May 2007 in Cape Tow n, South Africa
           It w as agreed that days for submission of colloquium papers will be as follows:

                  Topics and abstracts - 7t h May 2007
                  Full papers/presentations – 14t h May 2007

4 – Proposed Sub Theme for the 16th Congress

       The committee suggested the following sub theme for the 16t h Congress of UPDEA
       in Nairobi, Kenya in June 2008:

       Customer Relations Management as a catalyst for easy access to electricity
             I mproving internal efficiencies to facilitate easy access to electricity
             External options/strategies to facilitate easy access to electricity


Working Group No. 1: Support for AFSEC

The main task of WG 1 is to prepare information concerning AFSEC in a form that can be
used by any UPDEA member to engage with stakeholders in his respective country, so as
to convince them that their country becomes a member of AFSEC.

It was noted that South Africa, Côte d’Ivoire, Nigeria, Kenya, and Ghana were already
expected to commit to be founding members of AFSEC as these had already formed
national electrotechnical committees.

The following specific countries were identified to be lobbied through the respective
UPDEA members as likely founding members of AFSEC:
Zambia, Cameroon, Algeria, Egypt, Tunisia, DR Congo, Senegal, and Ethiopia
Further direct communication w ill be sent to the respective UPDEA members in these

Working Group No. 2: Standards for AFSEC

The main tasks of WG 2 are to
       Define standards for AFSEC.
             o Identification of standards relevant to the electricity industry (starting
                 with the distribution sector).
       Listing and explaining the harmonisation methodology.
       Inform the members about the best procedures of procurement to avoid
          waste of money.

Progress with defining standards for AFSEC

Only four members’ completed questionnaires were returned [Angola, Ivory Coast,
Nigeria, and South Africa]. I t was agreed this w as insufficiently representative of the status
throughout Africa. As yet there had been no report from the WG convenor on any further
responses from members.

The SC agreed that alternative approaches are needed to achieve the intended
support in identifying standards for AFSEC.

The harmonisation methodology

It w as accepted that the harmonisation methodology would be developed w ithin the
AFSEC operating procedures, with input from UPDEA. The role of the UPDEA SC should be
to prioritize the harmonisation work of AFSEC to the maximum benefit of UPDEA member s,
as set out in the proposals 1 and 2 above.

Procedures of procurement to avoid wasting money.

The subject w ill be debated during the colloquium in May 2007.

16th Congress : Proposed sub-themes:

   •    Quality management standards - a tool for good governance to improve access
        to electricity

   •    The key role of technical standards and technical regulations in realising access to

Standardization Colloquium 28th - 29th May 2007

Main theme: African electrotechnical standardization: challenges and opportunities

Inauguration of AFSEC

A meeting of the AFSEC w orking group was planned for 16-18 April 2007 at the AUC, to
plan for the inauguration of AFSEC, w hich w as reported to take place in Ghana first week
Sept 2007. VRA, together with the Ghana Standards Board had been asked to host the
event. A formal request in this regard was expected from the AU.



   1.   Mandate/ background
   2.   Sub-theme for the 2008 UPDEA Congress
   3.   Working groups
   4.   Themes and Work Programme of the Study Committee

The assignment of the Study Committee on Restructuring and Financing of the power
sector is two-fold:
       Assess, from time to time, the progress of restructuring in the African Power Sector,
       Work to put in place means, methods and the appropriate avenues for
        management, financing and development of the power sector in Africa.


       Good governance, credible credit rating and successful restructuring as a means
       of ensuring access to financing for African power projects.



The mission of the Study Committee w ith regard to this section is to follow up and assess
the restructuring of the power sector in Africa. This topic remains a permanent issue.

       a. Activity 1: Survey of restructuring experiences of the power sector in Africa.

Objective: To gather information on experiences of restructuring and provide inputs for
the workshop.
Status of I mplementation
Presentations were made on restructuring experiences during the Luanda Scientific
Committee Meeting during 23rd - 25t h October 2006 based on extracts of the
questionnaire that had been circulated.

   b. Activity 2: Organising a Workshop on Restructuring

Theme of Workshop: “Power sector restructuring experiences and response to future


      To enable participants share experiences in restructuring utilities.
      Benchmarking good governance practices into restructuring utilities.

Status of I mplementation

The structure of the planned Workshop has changed. Only Study Committee members
will meet in Morocco in October 2007, to finalise the report received from utilities.


       a. Activity 1: Financing Cross Border Electrification Projects

Objective: Facilitate the financing of Cross Border Electrification Projects by identifying
the bottle-necks, through a questionnaire sent to the utilities where cross border project
hav e been identified in the past, especially, at the Kinshasa meeting.

Output: Report of analysis of the answers to be used to set up an action plan to tackle
the bottle-necks.

      b. Activity 2: Development of Guidelines for Evaluating lenders’ proposals and
Negotiation of financing packages.

Objective: Develop guidelines for evaluating lenders’ proposals and negotiation of
financing packages.

Output:      Guideline document



      Proposal of the sub-theme for the 16t h UPDEA congress to be held in Nairobi,
       Kenya in June 2008.

      Update of the on-going preparations for the HR Colloquium to be held in Ghana
       on 7t h – 9t h August 2007.


In line with the UPDEA 16t h Congress theme “ Good Governance Of National Power
Sectors As A Key Factor For Realization Of Access To Electricity For All The Peoples Of
Africa” the committee adopted the sub theme of :


This w ill also be the main theme for the HR colloquium due to be held in Ghana between
7t h and 9t h August 2007.


In preparation of the 2008 UPDEA Congress the HR committee w ill be hosting a
colloquium in Ghana.

Members deliberated on the various sub themes proposed for the colloquium and
proposed additional topics to cover issues on:-

      Capacity Building / Training
      Gender Role in HR management

    ECG w ill host the colloquium and six planning committees have been set up to help in
    the organization.

          Venue: I nternational Conference Center - Accra

          Date: 7t h – 9t h August 2007

                                                               Done in Abidjan, 5t h April 2007

The Rapporteur General                       The UPDEA                   For the President of the
                                          Secretary General               Scientific Committee

    Mr Priso Kotto                Eng. Mutima Sakrini Herman                 Mr J. N. Ng’anga

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