Promoting Off-the-Job Safety: It Makes $ense! HOME SAFETY Slips, Trips, and Falls Presented By: Jose De La “O” August 2006 Slips, Trips, and Falls Every 3 minutes someone is seriously injured in a slip, trip or fall at home. Each year over 200,000 people suffer from a slip trip or fall at home, these aren't just children or older adults, a large proportion of these are • adults aged between 25 – 55. What is a slip, trip or fall? There are two basic types of falls: 1. Same-level falls, generally caused by slips or trips 2. Different level falls - elevated falls or falls from heights Slips- are mainly caused by slippery surfaces such as wet or oily surfaces and by wearing inappropriate footwear. Other factors include loose rugs or mats and inadequate lighting. Trips- occur when your feet strike an object causing a loss of balance. Common factors causing trips are trailing cables, uneven surfaces, inadequate lighting and obstruction by materials or rubbish. Falls- are usually from an elevation, such as falls from ladders, roofs, down stairs or from jumping to a lower level. Slips, Trips, and Falls CONDITIONS THAT CREATE Slips/Trips/Falls A. Same level 1. Housekeeping 2. Wet or slippery surfaces 3. Obstacles in walkways 4. Lighting 5. Footwear 6. Individual behavior B. Different level 1. Uneven surfaces 2. Stairs 3. Ladders 4. Docks/ramps 5. Powered industrial lifts Slips, Trips, and Falls The Off-the-Job Challenge Home • What are the priority safety issues? Sources • Injury Facts® 2005-2006 Edition • Bureau of Labor Statistics • Most current data available – 2004, 2003, or 2002 – depending on the source Slips, Trips, and Falls 2004 Injury Data Highlights: Unintentional Injuries Slips, Trips, and Falls Unintentional Injuries (Slips, Trips, and Falls) • Each year 1 in 12 people are affected by an episode of injury Source: National Center for Health Statistics. Slips, Trips, and Falls Fatal and Nonfatal Falls by Age Group Nonfatal Falls Fatal Falls <12 12-17 75+ <12 1% 0% 18-44 17% 17% 7% 45-64 13% 65-74 8% 12-17 13% 65-74 12% 45-64 75+ 19% 67% 18-44 26% Source: National Center for Health Statistics. Slips, Trips, and Falls Costs of Injuries • $574.8 billion • $5,100 per household • $2,000 per person • Paid… – directly out of pocket, and – higher prices for goods and services, and – higher taxes Source: Injury Facts, 2005-2006 Ed. Slips, Trips, and Falls Leading Causes of Death, 2002 Heart disease 696,947 Cancer 557,271 Stroke 162,672 Chronic lower Respiratory disease 124,816 Unintentional injuries (Slips Trips and falls) 106,742 Source: National Center for Health Statistics Slips, Trips, and Falls Home & Community Deaths 20,000 Age 65+ 16,000 Age 15-64 Age 0-14 12,000 8,000 4,000 0 Falls Poisoning Choking* Drowning Fire Source: Injury Facts, 2005-2006 Ed. *Inhalation or ingestion of food or object. Slips, Trips, and Falls Risk Factors – Falls • Age – young, old – Coordination – Resistance to injury • Environmental conditions – Hard surfaces – Slippery surfaces, footwear – Unstable walking/working surfaces – Unguarded heights Slips, Trips, and Falls Slips, Trips, and Falls Slips Trips and Falls Slips, Trips, and Falls Standards for Manufactured Portable Ladders Portable manufactured ladders obtained after Jan. 21, 1998, should bear identification indicating they meet the appropriate ladder construction requirements of the following standards: Per OSHA Standard 29 CFR 1910.21: ANSI A14.1-1990 Safety Requirements for Portable Wood Ladders ANSI A14.2-1990 Safety Requirements for Portable Metal Ladders ANSI A14.5-1992 Safety Requirements for Portable Reinforced Plastic and Fiberglass Ladders ANSI A14.3-1990 Safety Requirements for Fixed Ladders Slips, Trips, and Falls A restraint belt is one Use a 4-to-1 ratio when leaning a safety device for ladders. single or extension ladder. Additionally, portable ladders must be maintained in good condition at all times and inspected frequently. Tag any ladders that have developed defects with "DANGEROUS -- DO NOT USE" and remove from service for repair or disposal. Slips, Trips, and Falls http://www.homesafetycouncil.org/index.aspx Slips, Trips, and Falls Did you know that falls are the leading cause of emergency room visits for unintentional injuries occurring at home? According to The State of Home Safety in America™ study conducted by the Home Safety Council, unintentional falls in the home accounted for more than three million emergency room visits each year between 1993-2001.1 Falls are also the leading cause of unintentional home injury deaths for older adults—and the saddest part of all is that many of these injuries could have been prevented with simple home improvements. For an older adult, a fall can be a life-changing event. Individuals who once loved taking long walks and leisurely strolls may find their mobility suddenly limited by a need to use a cane or walker. Older adults who once took great pride in their independence may find themselves forced to depend on relatives or live in a nursing home for the remainder of their lives. It is extremely important to create a safe home because that’s where 60 percent of falls occur . Falls in a home often happen during everyday activities such as standing up, going up or down stairs, walking to the bathroom, or getting in or out of the tub or shower. About 25 percent of falls are the result of slippery or wet surfaces, poor lighting, loose or slippery footwear, and clutter on the floor. Many of these falls could be prevented through simple precautions. Slips, Trips, and Falls http://homesafetycouncil.org/quiz/ Click on underline selected links for more information: Safety Guide: http://www.homesafetycouncil.org/safety_guide/safetyguide.aspx Garage Safety: http://www.homesafetycouncil.org/home/home_aug06_w004.aspx Safe Steps Checklist: http://www.homesafetycouncil.org/safety_guide/sg_slipsfalls_p001.pdf Bathroom Safety Tips: http://www.homesafetycouncil.org/safety_guide/sg_bathroom_w001.aspx Falls and Hip fractures data: http://www.cdc.gov/ncipc/factsheets/falls.htm The Quiz: http://homesafetycouncil.org/quiz/ Who Should Care about you? Fermilab cares…. We want to Help workers stay as safe off-the-job as they are on-the-job!