Slide 1 - Fermilab Home by hedongchenchen


									Promoting Off-the-Job Safety:
      It Makes $ense!


    Slips, Trips, and Falls

      Presented By: Jose De La “O”   August 2006
              Slips, Trips, and Falls

Every 3 minutes someone is seriously injured in a slip, trip or fall at home.

Each year over 200,000 people suffer from a slip trip or fall at home,
these aren't just children or older adults, a large proportion of these are
• adults aged between 25 – 55.

                              What is a slip, trip or fall?
There are two basic types of falls:
1. Same-level falls, generally caused by slips or trips
2. Different level falls - elevated falls or falls from heights

Slips- are mainly caused by slippery surfaces such as wet or oily surfaces and by wearing
inappropriate footwear. Other factors include loose rugs or mats and inadequate lighting.

Trips- occur when your feet strike an object causing a loss of balance.
Common factors causing trips are trailing cables, uneven surfaces, inadequate lighting and
obstruction by materials or rubbish.

Falls- are usually from an elevation, such as falls from ladders, roofs,
down stairs or from jumping to a lower level.
            Slips, Trips, and Falls
         CONDITIONS THAT CREATE Slips/Trips/Falls

   A. Same level
     1. Housekeeping
     2. Wet or slippery surfaces
     3. Obstacles in walkways
     4. Lighting
     5. Footwear
     6. Individual behavior

B. Different level
      1. Uneven surfaces
      2. Stairs
      3. Ladders
      4. Docks/ramps
      5. Powered industrial lifts
       Slips, Trips, and Falls
The Off-the-Job Challenge  Home
 • What are the priority safety issues?

• Injury Facts®
    2005-2006 Edition
• Bureau of Labor Statistics
• Most current data available
  – 2004, 2003, or 2002 –
  depending on the source
 Slips, Trips, and Falls

2004 Injury Data Highlights:
   Unintentional Injuries
                    Slips, Trips, and Falls

                            Unintentional Injuries
                                     (Slips, Trips, and Falls)

 • Each year 1 in 12
   people are
   affected by an
   episode of injury

Source: National Center for Health Statistics.
                    Slips, Trips, and Falls
                 Fatal and Nonfatal Falls by Age Group
                   Nonfatal Falls                                 Fatal Falls
                                                                 <12   12-17
          75+                               <12                  1%     0% 18-44
          17%                               17%                              7%
 8%                                                12-17

  45-64                                                    75+
  19%                                                      67%
Source: National Center for Health Statistics.
               Slips, Trips, and Falls

                            Costs of Injuries
      •    $574.8 billion
      •    $5,100 per household
      •    $2,000 per person
      •    Paid…
            – directly out of pocket, and
            – higher prices for goods and services, and
            – higher taxes

Source: Injury Facts, 2005-2006 Ed.
                   Slips, Trips, and Falls
            Leading Causes of Death, 2002
                   Heart disease            696,947
                   Cancer                   557,271
                   Stroke                   162,672
                   Chronic lower
                      Respiratory disease 124,816
                   Unintentional injuries
                      (Slips Trips and falls) 106,742
Source: National Center for Health Statistics
                Slips, Trips, and Falls
               Home & Community Deaths
                                                                 Age 65+
   16,000                                                        Age 15-64
                                                                 Age 0-14



                    Falls        Poisoning   Choking*       Drowning            Fire

Source: Injury Facts, 2005-2006 Ed.            *Inhalation or ingestion of food or object.
      Slips, Trips, and Falls

 Risk Factors – Falls
• Age – young, old
  – Coordination
  – Resistance to injury
• Environmental conditions
  – Hard surfaces
  – Slippery surfaces, footwear
  – Unstable walking/working surfaces
  – Unguarded heights
Slips, Trips, and Falls
Slips, Trips, and Falls
Slips Trips and Falls
            Slips, Trips, and Falls

Standards for Manufactured Portable Ladders
Portable manufactured ladders obtained after Jan. 21,
1998, should bear identification indicating they meet
the appropriate ladder construction
requirements of the following standards:
Per OSHA Standard 29 CFR 1910.21:
ANSI A14.1-1990 Safety Requirements for
Portable Wood Ladders
ANSI A14.2-1990 Safety Requirements for
Portable Metal Ladders
ANSI A14.5-1992 Safety Requirements for
Portable Reinforced Plastic and Fiberglass Ladders
ANSI A14.3-1990 Safety Requirements for Fixed Ladders
                    Slips, Trips, and Falls

        A restraint belt is one
                                                Use a 4-to-1 ratio when leaning a
        safety device for ladders.
                                                single or extension ladder.

Additionally, portable ladders must be maintained in good condition at all times and inspected
frequently. Tag any ladders that have developed defects with "DANGEROUS -- DO NOT USE"
and remove from service for repair or disposal.
       Slips, Trips, and Falls
                   Slips, Trips, and Falls
Did you know that falls are the leading cause of emergency room visits for
unintentional injuries occurring at home?

According to The State of Home Safety in America™ study conducted by the Home Safety
Council, unintentional falls in the home accounted for more than three million emergency room visits
each year between 1993-2001.1 Falls are also the leading cause of unintentional home injury deaths
for older adults—and the saddest part of all is that many of these injuries could have been prevented
with simple home improvements.

For an older adult, a fall can be a life-changing event. Individuals who once loved taking long walks
and leisurely strolls may find their mobility suddenly limited by a need to use a cane or walker.
Older adults who once took great pride in their independence may find themselves forced to depend
on relatives or live in a nursing home for the remainder of their lives.

It is extremely important to create a safe home because that’s where 60 percent of falls occur .

Falls in a home often happen during everyday activities such as standing up, going up or down stairs,
walking to the bathroom, or getting in or out of the tub or shower.
About 25 percent of falls are the result of slippery or wet surfaces, poor lighting, loose or slippery
footwear, and clutter on the floor.

Many of these falls could be prevented through simple precautions.
                 Slips, Trips, and Falls
Click on underline selected links for more information:

Safety Guide:
Garage Safety:
Safe Steps Checklist:
Bathroom Safety Tips:
Falls and Hip fractures data:

The Quiz:
Who Should Care about you?

   Fermilab cares….

 We want to Help workers
  stay as safe off-the-job
  as they are on-the-job!

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