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					           2004 Football Meeting
                                9/15/04

Games – Tom Frieder
Review New Rule Impact
   – Coach Calling Timeout
   – Conference at Sideline
   – PSK Rule Change
   – Visible Play Clock Count
• Identifying Keys for 5-man Crews
• Your Pre-game Activities – Make a Good First Impression
• What’s a Foul?
   – POST Philosophy
   – Position Review – What Do You Look For?
• How to See What You’re Looking At
• Personal Performance Principles
       New Rule Impact

• Coach Calling Timeout
• Conference at Sideline
• PSK Rule Change
• Visible Play Clock Count
Identifying Keys for
   5-man Crews
                                          Initial Reads
    40




                                                                  40
                                 R

                                                 32
    45 50 45




                                                                  45 50 45
                                           22           42
                                               12
                                      83 78 65 55 68 63 89
L                                                                            LJ
                  REFEREE: read
                opposite tackle when
                   ball is snapped.
                                                  U
                   LINESMAN &
                 LINEJUDGE: Read
                    tackle or first
               ineligible to your side.
    40




                                                                  40
               BACK JUDGE: Read
                tackle on strong side.
                   UMPIRE: Read
                 center and Guards.                          BJ

                                                READS
    40




                                               40
                   R

                               32
    45 50 45




                                               45 50 45
                         22          42
                                12
                       83 78 65 55 68 63 89
L                                                         LJ

                                U
    40




                                               40
                                          BJ
               PRIMARY & SECONDARY KEYS OR READ
    40




                                                  40
                    R
    45 50 45


                            32        22




                                                  45 50 45
                                 12
               82
                        83 78 65 55 68 63    89
L                                                            LJ

                                  U
    40




                                                  40
                             BJ
                          Strength to Left
    40




                                                 40
                    R
    45 50 45


                         32        22




                                                 45 50 45
                              12
                                            82
               83       78 65 55 68 63 89
L                                                           LJ

                              U
    40




                                                 40
                                  BJ
                        Strength to Right
                    R
    40




                                                 40
                             22
    45 50 45




                                                 45 50 45
                             32
                              12       81

               87       78 65 55 68 63      83
L                                                           LJ

                              U
    40




                                                 40
                                  BJ

                        STRENGTH (LJ)
                              R
    40




                                                      40
    45 50 45




                                                      45 50 45
                                        22
               87   32
                                        12
                         83       78 65 55 68 63 88
L                                                                LJ

                                        U
    40




                                                      40
                                   BJ

                                     TRIPS
                    R
    40




                                                      40
    45 50 45




                                                      45 50 45
                             22
                              12            32   87
               83       78 65 55 68 63 88
L                                                                LJ

                              U
    40




                                                      40
                                       BJ

                            TRIPS
               R
    40




                                        40
                        32
                        22   87
    45 50 45




                                        45 50 45
                        12
               83 78 65 55 68 63   88
L                                                  LJ

                        U
    40




                                        40
                        BJ

                   BALANCED
                         R
    40




                                                        40
    45 50 45




                                                        45 50 45
                                   8
               87
                                   12         32
                    83       78 65 55 68 63        88
L                                                                  LJ

                                   U
    40




                                                        40
                                       BJ
BALANCED (LJ) - QB SPRINTS TO L - BJ OBSERVE 83
    40




                                                       40
                       R

                                        22
    45 50 45


                               32




                                                       45 50 45
                                    12            22
               82
                           83 78 65 55 68 63 89
L                                                                 LJ

                                    U
    40




                                                       40
                               BJ
                    MOTION CHANGES STRENGTH
    40




                                                      40
                      R
    45 50 45


                              32




                                                      45 50 45
                                   12            22
               82
                          83 78 65 55 68 63 89
L                                                                LJ

                                   U
    40




                                                      40
                                    BJ
                MOTION - STRENGTH SWITCHES TO LJ
    40




                                               40
                    R
    45 50 45


                            32        22




                                               45 50 45
                                 12
               82
                        83 78 65 55 68 63 89
L                                                         LJ

                                 U
    40




                                               40
                      BJ
       MOTION - LINESMAN REMAIN STRONG SIDE
    40




                                                    40
                         R
    45 50 45


                                 32




                                                    45 50 45
                    22
                                      12
               82
                             83 78 65 55 68 63 89
L                                                              LJ

                                      U
    40




                                                    40
                              BJ
           MOTION CREATES TRIPS TO LINESMAN’S SIDE
    40




                                                  40
                       R
    45 50 45


                               32




                                                  45 50 45
        22
                                    12
                  82
                           83 78 65 55 68 63 89
L                                                            LJ

                                    U
    40




                                                  40
                            BJ
               MOTION CREATES TRIPS TO LINESMAN
                    R
    40




                                                  40
    45 50 45




                                                  45 50 45
                             22
               87
                          32 12              32
                    83 78 65 55 68 63   88
L                                                            LJ

                             U
    40




                                                  40
                             BJ

           MOTION CHANGES STRENGTH TO L’S SIDE
                            R
    40




                                                      40
    45 50 45




                                                      45 50 45
                                     22
               87
                       32         32 12
                            83 78 65 55 68 63   88
L                                                                LJ

                                     U
    40




                                                      40
                                BJ

                    MOTION CAUSES TRIPS TO L’S SIDE
    40                                           PUNT




                                                         40
                                  12
                    R

                                       42
    45 50 45




                                                         45 50 45
                        22                  32
               83            78 65 55 68 63             89
L                                                                   LJ

                                   U
    40




                                                         40
               BJ
    40




                                         40
               R
                             32
                        12
    45 50 45




                                         45 50 45
               22                   42
                 83 78 65 55 68 63 89
L                                                   LJ

                          U
    40




                                         40
                              BJ
     BALANCED FORMATION - LJ DECLARED STRONG
                    READ DETERMINES PASS
    40




                                                  40
                     R
    45 50 45


                          32        22




                                                  45 50 45
                               12
                                             82
               83        78 65 55 68 63 89
L                                                            LJ

                               U
    40




                                                  40
                       BJ
ZONE COVERAGE AFTER R HAS ADVANCED 5 TO 7 YDS
                    READ DETERMINES PASS
    40




                                                    40
                     R
    45 50 45


                          32        22




                                                    45 50 45
                               12
                         78 65 55 68 63

               83                         89                   LJ
L                              U               82
    40




                                                    40
                       BJ
ZONE COVERAGE AFTER R HAS ADVANCED 5 TO 7 YDS
               READ DETERMINES PASS
    40




                                                   40
                    R
    45 50 45


                         32        22




                                                   45 50 45
                              12
                        78 65 55 68 63


                              U
                                                              LJ
                                              89
L
    40




                                                   40
               83
                                         82
                       BJ
ZONE COVERAGE AFTER R HAS ADVANCED 5 TO 7 YDS
               Running Play: Back Judge Responsibility
    40                R




                                                               40
                                   42

                                  32
    45 50 45




                                                               45 50 45
               22                  12
                          83 78 65 55 68 63        89
L                                                                      LJ
                                      Recognize Strength of Formation
                                   U           Key: Tight End
                                                 Read Tackle
                                                  Read Keys
                                                 Locate POA
    40




                                                               40
                                          Officiate in front of POA
                               BJ      Short – Move up to Cover Pile
                                      Long – Cover ball carrier and pile
    LARRY THOMAS, MISSISSIPPI HIGH SCHOOL ACTIVITIES ASSOCIATION, INC.
     THANK YOU FOR STUDING THIS PRESENTATION
    40




                                                                 40
                     R

                                  32
    45 50 45




                                                                 45 50 45
                            22          42
                                  12
                         83 78 65 55 68 63 89
L                                                                           LJ

                                  U
    40




                                                                  40
                                       BJ

    LARRY THOMAS, MISSISSIPPI HIGH SCHOOL ACTIVITIES ASSOCIATION, INC.
FIRST IMPRESSIONS
 • Prior To Arrival

 • Upon Arrival

 • Pregame Visit With
   Coaches

 • Pregame On The Field

 • Non-verbals
    Your Pre-game
   Activities – Make a
  Good First Impression
• Contact AD before game (card or call)
  – Provide arrival time and driver’s name
• Get names of AD and head coaches
• People are watching from time you pull into the
  school
• You are officiating when you pull into town
  – Even earlier if you dress at home
  FIRST IMPRESSIONS - Upon Arrival
• Officials should arrive at the site of the game at
  least 1 hour before the scheduled game time.
   – Lateness in arrival is intolerable in officiating.
   – If you’re not early – you’re late
       • Some are habitually late – people don’t like working with you

• Officials should report directly to the game
  management, thereby assuring them that the
  officials are present.
   – Present a professional appearance and take a business-like
     approach.
   – Inquire about any unusual conditions.
       • Pre-game
       • Half-time
       • Field and equipment
     Look Like A Ref - Setting Yourself Apart
•   Clean, polished shoes every game
•   Neat cuff on knickers
•   Sock – as much black between top strip and knickers as there is between
    bottom stripe and shoe
•   White or black turtleneck – all the same
•   Real football gloves!
•   Zip the shirt – no t-shirt showing
     – trim your t-shirt
•   Shorts under knickers so stripes don’t show through
•   Fitted hat
•   2 flags
•   2 beanbags
•   2 whistles, extra lanyard
•   Down indicator
•   Clean jacket (black and white, not black and kind of white)
•   BJ – timing device(s)
•   Ref coin
•   Linesman – two clips
     – One marks the 5-yard line nearest the rear stake
     – Other can be used while moving chain
          • Mark location of the downmarker – serves as double check
Do we think before we do?
   FIRST IMPRESSIONS - On The Field
• All Officials:
   – Enter field together at least 30 minutes before game time.
   – Perform duties in business-like manner.
   – Performance and tempo sets tone for way in which game will
     be officiated.
   – Inspect playing field and pylons.


• Referee:
   – Coordinate the inspection of playing field and pylons.
   – Direct game management to remove or repair any hazards on
     or near field.
   – Secure and approve game ball(s) with NFHS Authenticating
     Mark.
   – Meet with Timer, PA Announcer
   FIRST IMPRESSIONS - On The Field
• Umpire:
  –   Check player equipment.
  –   You are the final authority on legality of equipment.
  –   Do not permit use of any illegal equipment.
  –   Towels or streamers?


• Linesman:
  –   Take care of game ball(s) after referee has approved.
  –   Check line-to-gain equipment.
  –   Ensure that chain is marked at halfway point with tape.
  –   Meet crew and remind them of their duties and
      responsibilities (with umpire as a witness).
        FIRST IMPRESSIONS - On The Field
• Line Judge:
   – Check starting time.
   – Be sure an auxiliary stopwatch, which records accumulated time, is
     available.
   – Assist in getting game started on time.
• Back Judge:
   – Responsible for securing correct time and carrying an accurate
     watch.
• All Officials:
   – Stay busy, or at least look like it
       • Don’t gather
       • If one shotgun blast will get you all – you’re too close together
   – “Officiate” team offensive warm-ups
       • Gives you an early look
   – Warm up
       • Do some running and stretching
       FIRST IMPRESSIONS - Visit With Coaches
• Crew:
  – Visit each head coach
      • Address him by name – “Coach Jones”
      • Everyone introduces themselves
      • If you’re on his sideline – tell him
  – Even if you know the coach well, refer to him as “Coach.” It is a business
    meeting as opposed to a social event.
      • Give coaches list of officials names, positions and registration number.
      • Notify then of time to be ready for introductions
      • Notify them of length of intermission.
      • Confirm time of coin toss.
  – Ask head coach to verify that all players are legally equipped and ask if any
    players need inspection
      • Secure any documentation
  – Ask about any unusual plays or formations
  – If a coach describes a play that involves something illegal, point out the
    problem.
      • If the coach tries to argue the legality of the ploy or insists he’ll run it in spite of your
        warning, end the conversation with a statement like, “That’s your choice, Coach,
        but I want you to know that if you run it as described, we’ll have to flag it.”
  – Secure name of coach who will be responsible for sideline control
  – Secure name and numbers of captains and ask if he has a preference as to
    which captain will do the talking
FIRST IMPRESSIONS - Visit With Coaches
 – Remind the coach about the emphasis on sportsmanship
     • NFHS rule 1-1-5 requires referees to “explain to the head coach(es) and
       captain(s) that everyone is expected to exhibit good sportsmanship
       throughout the game.” Ask for the name of the “get back” coach.
 – A coach may say, “We watched film of their last three games, and
   number 70 holds on every play.”
     • A suggested response is, “Thank you, Coach. We appreciate the heads up.”
       Be polite and sincere, but don’t promise to pay special attention to the
       matter or otherwise indicate you took the bait.
 – Some coaches will bring up plays from previous games and ask if they
   were handled correctly.
     • Don’t provide a lengthy interpretation or criticize another crew. Remember
       that some coaches will (inadvertently or purposely) leave out key elements
       of the play. Try to end that conversation with a non-committal statement
       such as, “I’d have to see it in person to give you a good answer.”
 – Depending on certain factors, there may be other things to cover, such
   as any contingencies for the game in case of weather problems.
   Umpire:
 – Wish him good luck
      FIRST IMPRESSIONS - On The Field
• The Coin
  Toss:
   – Discussion –
     When should
     you hold it?
   – Federation
     Mechanics
       • Get captains
         at 5 minutes
         before game
         time
       • Toss occurs
         at 3 minutes
         before game
         time
• Getting Captains
   – Remove
     Helmets
      FIRST IMPRESSIONS - On The Field
• Alternative
   – Referee faces
     scoreboard
   – Others escort
     captains
       • As per
         diagram or
         switch LJ
         and U
    The Coin Toss – continued
•   Have captains face
    each other with
    their backs to their
    sideline.
   The Coin Toss – continued
• Alternative
                   The Coin Toss – continued
•   Have captains introduce themselves to each other
•   Introduce the crew (by name) to the captains
•   Show coin to spokesman
     –   Point out which is heads, which is tails
•   Instruct visiting captain to call toss before you flip it
•   Inform captains if coin is not caught, you will toss again
•   Umpire steps forward to witness toss
•   Ask for captain’s call
•   Repeat the call, then toss the coin
     – Catch it and turn it over (or not). Just do it the same all the time
•   Winner of toss may choose to kickoff, receive, defend a goal, or defer his choice
    to the second half
     – NASO recommends not giving the option to “kick”
•   If captain defers
     – Place hand on his shoulder and give “declined” signal to press box
•   Place captains in position facing each other with backs toward goal they will
    defend
•   If choice is to kick or receive – only the first selection is signaled
•   If choice is to defend a goal
     – Point both arms toward the goal being defended
     – Give the appropriate signal for the other team
•   Remind captains of sportsmanship
•   Dismiss captains
FIRST IMPRESSIONS – After the Coin Toss
• Officiating crew should gather in the center of the
  field to confirm and record captains choices and
  kickoff positions.
• If not completed, Linesman and Umpire meet with
  chain crew
• Go back to work – don’t just stand around
• Do it the same for second half

• Overtime
   – Mechanics are the same except for choices
      • Offense, defense, end of field
   – Signaling choices
      • Have teams line in the direction they will be going
      • Tap the shoulder of the toss winner and give first down
        signal in the direction you will be going.
                 Crew/Team Concept
          • Communication is Key – discuss it
          • Final Reminders
            –   Hustle don’t hurry!
            –   See it all, don’t guess.
            –   Each play lasts about 7 seconds-be sharp
            –   Dead ball officiating
            –   Watch people, not the ball! Off-ball coverage
            –   Dispense Character & integrity tonight
            –   Be Professional
            –   See the ball before you blow a whistle
            – Let’s have FUN!

7/25/00                      Jerry Bovee, UHSAA                 43
   Non-Verbal Communication
• You are communicating the minute you
  arrive at the site or walk on the field.
• How you carry yourself, how you look –
  what your body says – sends a powerful
  message.
• Body language encompasses all non-
  verbal communication.
• 75 to 90% of communication is non-verbal
What Does This Official’s Body
    Language Tell You?
• Physical nervous reactions to doubt – they let
  people “see you sweat.”
• Common cues
    –   Sideward eye movement
    –   Shaking your head
    –   Head tilted to the side
    –   Tense mouth
    –   Pursed lips
    –   Touching forhead, mouth or chin
• Men’s common cues
    – Rubbing the chin, tugging at ears
    – Rubbing forehead, cheeks or back of neck
• Women’s common cues
    – Putting a finger on lower front teeth with mouth
      slightly open
    – Finger under the chin
• Baseline, emotionless face
  reflecting calmness
• What it means
  – Sends a strong emotional signal: “Do
    Not Disturb”
  – We adopt such neutral faces to keep
    others a polite distance away, such
    is malls, elevators, etc.
•A self-comforting posture
used to alleviate anxiety and
social stress.
•What it means
  •With arms and elbows pulled tightly
  to the body, reveals acute
  nervousness or anxiety
  •Held less tightly with elbows
  elevated and projecting away from
  body, it presents a guard-like stance,
  suggestive of arrogance, dislike or
  disagreement
• Produced when people are
  irritated. A nonverbal cue that the
  body is ready to defend against
  those who overstep their bounds.
• Often observed when athletes
  just lost a game or got beat on a
  play
• What it means
   – Keep away from me
• Do
   – Make eye contact
   – Face the coach
       • Tells coach you have confidence and won’t
         be stared down.
       • Shows respect and that you are willing to
         listen
   – Hold arms either relaxed at side or crossed
     behind your back
       • Conveys openness and lack of fear or
         anxiety
• Don’t
   – Look or walk away
       • Shows disrespect
       • May be seen as fear
   – Cross arms
       • Shows defensiveness
• Eye Contact
  – Often an emotional link is
    established as two people
    simultaneously observe each
    other’s eyes. Thus, eye contact
    rarely lasts longer than three
    seconds before one or both
    viewers experience a powerful
    urge to glance away. Breaking
    eye contact lowers stress levels.
• What does it mean?
  – It shows you are paying
    attention and in that regard can
    be viewed as a sign of respect.
    Stare too long or too intently
    and eye contact can be viewed
    as a sign of aggression.
When meeting coaches and
  captains before the contest …
• Do
   – Smile and make eye contact with
     them, offering handshakes. Stand
     erect, but relaxed with your hands at
     your sides. Such actions show an
     approachable openness and that
     you are human and not the dark evil
     force out to punish them.
• Don’t
   – Take a nonchalant posture,
     indicated by a slight slouch, putting
     your weight all on one leg or turning
     your body at an angle away from the
     coach or player. That shows
     indifference to the game and to the
     participants. Do not look around the
     field or gym while meeting coaches
     and players, as that indicates
     distraction and a sense that you
     don’t want to be there.
  When spectators are yelling
   crude and obnoxious taunts
            at you …
• Do
  – Continue to stand tall and show
    confident facial expressions as
    that will show both the players,
    coaches and fans that negative
    remarks are like water off a
    duck’s back. Focus your eyes on
    the field or court, even when
    there’s no play occurring.

• Don’t
  – Turn to look directly at a heckler
    (unless it’s come to the point at
    which you need to identify the
    person for removal from the
    premises). Avoid outward signs
    of agitation, such as bristling your
    posture, wringing your hands or
    shaking your head.
•Go to an area away from players and coaches
•Stand erect, yet relaxed
•Blank face expression
•Arms folded is okay as long as you don’t pace or shuffle your
feet nervously




                                    •Maintain good posture
                                    • Don’t sit down unless its an extended break such
                                    as halftime AND you are visibly removed from
                                    onlookers
                                    •Avoid standing with arms on hips
                                         •Indicates aggressive anxiety
                                    •Avoid pained or annoyed facial expressions
•   Do
     – Take partner aside
     – Huddle close, folding your arms across
       your chest
            • Tells onlookers to stay away
     – Casually hold hand near mouth to muffle
       your voice and helps camouflage
       any unconscious facial contortions.
     – Nodding the head is fine as it indicates
       agreement with your partner
•   Don’t
     – Avoid huddling near players
     – Don’t send easily read cues of
       disagreement such as shaking your head,
       drooping shoulders, pointing at partner,
       throwing your hands up.
     – Avoid facial expressions of any kind,
       especially rolling eyes or grimacing. Even
       happy expressions such as smiling or
       patting him on the shoulder could be
       misinterpreted.
     What’s a Foul?

• POST Philosophy
• Position Review – What Do
  You Look For?
                     POST
• Point of Attack
  – If the foul is here, it has an impact on the play

• Obvious
  – If everyone sees it, you better call it

• Safety
  – Clipping, Facemask, etc.

• Talk-to
  – If it’s not a P, O, or S - it’s a T
  What Makes You Throw a Flag?
• What do you look for?
  – Umpire
     • Holding
     • Illegal blocks
  – Wings
     • Illegal formation
     • Pass interference
  – Back Judge
     • Delay of game
     • Pass interference
  – Referee
     • Roughing
     • False start, illegal shift by backs
Judge Pass Interference
       How to See What You’re Looking At
•   Two types of vision
     – Tunnel
          • Concentric, to the center
     – Peripheral
          • To the sides
•   Drive down the road and look at the car in front of you
     – You see it has a license plate but can’t read it
     – Focus on license plate – you can read it but can’t see the car’s rear window
•   Usually use peripheral
     – We perceive what’s happening around us but don’t focus on any one thing
     – Like watching the field
     – About 180 degree field of view
          • Test by holding your hands straight out
     – This is your early warning system, flinch vision
•   Tunnel vision is very different
     – Not bad – different
     – Field of vision reduced to 3 degrees
     – If you’re concentrating on looking at the ball – you miss the clip or facemask
•   Preventing tunnel vision
     – Keep eyes moving
          • If you move eyes every 2 seconds, you won’t drift into a fixed stare
          • Once your eyes lock onto an object for 2 or 3 seconds, your vision converts to tunnel
•   Having trouble – keep your eyes moving
Personal Performance Principles
      for Sports Officials
• Be competitive. The players give maximum effort; so
  should you – every game. Tell yourself, "I’m not going to
  let this game get away from me. I am better than that."
  You are hired to make the calls that control the game –
  make them!

• Have your head on right. Don’t think or act as if your
  uniform grants you immunity from having to take a little
  criticism, which goes with the territory. Plan on it.
  Effective officials know how much to take before
  responding. Knowing where to draw the line is critical.
• Don’t set up a showdown. If a coach is on your back but
  not enough to warrant a penalty, stay away from him.
  That is especially true during timeouts and other breaks
  in the action. Standing near an unhappy coach, just to
  show him who’s boss, will do nothing but lead to further
  tension and acrimony. Some officials develop irritating
  habits. Don’t be one of them.

• Get into the flow of the game. Each game is different.
  Good officials can feel that difference. Take note if the
  tempo of the game changes. A ragged game calls for a
  different style of officiating from a smooth one.
• Never bark. You don’t like to be shouted at, so apply the
  same philosophy when dealing with others. Be firm when
  necessary, but use a normal relaxed voice. That
  approach works wonders in helping you reduce the
  pressure. Shouting indicates a loss of control of both
  yourself and the game you’re working.

• Show confidence. Cockiness has absolutely no place in
  officiating. You want to exude confidence. Your presence
  should command respect from the participants. As in any
  walk of life, appearance, manner and voice determine
  how you are accepted. Try to present the proper image.
• Forget the fans. As a group, fans tend to exhibit three
  characteristics: ignorance of the rules, highly emotional
  partisanship and delight in antagonizing the officials.
  Accepting that will help you ignore the fans and
  concentrate on the job at hand (unless fans interrupt the
  game or stand in the way of you doing your job.)

• Answer reasonable questions. Treat coaches and players
  in a courteous way. If they ask you a question
  reasonably, answer them in a polite way. If they get your
  ear by saying, "Hey ref I want to ask you something," and
  than start telling you off, interrupt and remind them of the
  reason for the discussion. Be firm, but relaxed.
• Choose your words wisely. Don’t obviously threaten a
  coach or player; if you do, that will put them on the
  defensive. More importantly, if you threaten, you have
  placed yourself on the spot. If you judge that a situation is
  serious enough to warrant a threat, then it’s serious
  enough to penalize without invoking a threat.

• Stay cool. One of your goals is to establish a calm
  environment for the game. Nervous, edgy officials are
  easily spotted by fans, coaches and players alike. Avidly
  chewing gum, pacing around or displaying a wide range
  of inappropriate emotions prior to or during a contest will
  make you appear to be vulnerable to the pressure.
The Season Is Heating
        Up

     Work Hard

   Be Professional

      Be Safe

      Have Fun

				
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posted:4/3/2011
language:English
pages:67