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ICN

VIEWS: 16 PAGES: 43

									                                    Kong Yee! Sai Mau!
                                        Protest! WTO!

   International Meeting of the International Coordinating Network (ICN)
                                Hong Kong City University
                        Kowloon Tong, Kowloon, Hong Kong
                                  February 26-27, 2005


Opening and Welcome Address (Ng Ching Fat)
    On behalf of the Hong Kong Confederation of Trade Unions, member organization of The
Hong Kong People‘s Alliance on the WTO, I welcome all of you to attend the International
Coordination Network meeting. HKCTU as an independent mass organization, we have been
very concerned on the impact of trade liberalization and globalization on the socio-economic
policy. For example, health care services, education, housing, water and social welfare. Therefore
HKCTU and other grass root organizing groups set up HKPA to raise the concern on the impact
of WTO. On one hand, HKPA had been focus on mobilizing local people to participate in the
related activities. One the other hand, HKPA also try our best to assist other overseas groups
come to Hong Kong to participate in the activities organized by the civil society during the WTO
ministerial meeting in December. I hope all of us can share our experience in this meeting and
bring the synergy and knowledge to the civil society in Hong Kong. I wish all the success of the
meeting. Thank you very much.



Hong Kong People’s Alliance on WTO (HKPA), Elizabeth Tang (HKCTU)
     Formed on September 22, 2004, the HKPA came out of discussions with the Global Network,
a group that has been working over the last two to three years on globalization and anti-neoliberal
issues. The HKPA decided to include more organizations to build a longer term stronger people‘s
alliance on globalization issues.
     The HKPA currently involves 24 organizations, including Elizabeth from Hong Kong
Confederation of Trade Unions (HKCTU), Apo Leong from Asia Monitor Resource Centre
(AMRC), Ramon Bultron from Asia Pacific Mission for Migrants (APMM), Asian Migrant
Centre (AMC), trade unions, as well as other neighbourhood organizations. We are still recruiting
more to join the alliance.
     In the short term, HKPA is specifically concerned with the WTO ministerial meeting.
Because we do not have much time until the meeting in December, we are not attempting to
develop one common position on the issues relating to the WTO. We will not attempt to go deep
into organizational and structural issues. There is much work to do, and we need to get it done
quickly and hopefully successfully. The most important tasks are to have a successful
mobilization and good grassroot educational activities.
     The HKPA has determined seven tasks/areas which are absolutely necessary to make it a
successful mobilization: program (Centralized opening and closing plenary session); finance;
logistics; action and mobilization; documentation; media and publicity; and outreach. W
     The main objective of the ICN and workshops is to develop more concrete plans for activities
we are going to do from now until December, as well as during the action week. HKPA has some
events scheduled during the action week: December 11th will be a mobilization and cultural night;
December 13th will be an open plenary session; December 18th will be the closing plenary session.
    The working groups will involve important discussions on specific plans that will make our
voices stronger for the world, not just Hong Kong.




Updates from Geneva, Esther Busser (ICFTU)

                                 From Cancún to Hong Kong
          th
    The 5 WTO ministerial in 2003 in Cancún ended without agreement. But one important
outcome was a shift in power relations. There was the emergence of the G-20, the group of
approximately twenty developing countries including Brazil, India, China and South-Africa,
which gathered around the issue of agriculture, and which not only opposed the EU / US
proposals but developed their own counterproposals and managed to engage in the negotiating
process and to become a major player. This was a major breakthrough in the power relations, and
brought negotiations outside the Quad group.
    After Cancún, the major development was the July agreement last year. Negotiations
intensified in the months ahead of the July General Council meeting, with a number of mini
ministerials taking place. A draft text was presented little before the General Council meeting,
and members had not really the time to discuss this draft extensively with their capitals. Most of
the focus was on agriculture. Negotiations took place in a small group, the FIP (Five Interested
Parties), with US, EU, Brazil, India and Australia. This process was criticized, as it excluded
many members, but it did lead to some progress in the agriculture negotiations. Other areas such
as NAMA were not given enough attention and the Derbez text on NAMA (the Cancún text),
which was criticized by many developing countries, was included in the July framework after
clear opposition. The main outcome of the July meeting was the so-called July framework, this
framework provided not much progress, contained some positive elements in Agriculture, and led
to dropping of three of the Singapore issues, but no positive developments in other areas and
concerns about the text on NAMA. The July framework includes:

1. Agriculture and cotton: Negotiations focus on three pillars for modalities: 1. market access,
   with a tiered formula for tariff reduction, inclusion of sensitive and special products, and a
   special safeguard mechanism, but with little concrete language on the latter two; 2. export
   subsidies. They will be eliminated but no end date was set. It was also decided to discipline
   export credits and State Trading Enterprises, but no detailed commitments here; and 3.
   domestic support, with targets for reduction of overall domestic support and a cap on blue
   box support, which will however allow the US to shift subsidies into the blue box . It was
   decided that cotton would be included in the Agriculture negotiations, and that a sub
   committee on cotton would be set up.
2. NAMA: The July text provides only initial elements for future work on modalities. The
   elements that need to be negotiated include: a non-linear formula for tariff reduction,
   addressing high tariffs, tariff escalation and tariff peaks. Tariffs are to be reduced from the
   bound level, and there needs to be a conversion of non ad valorem duties into ad valorem
   duties, as well as credit for autonomous liberalization. A sectorial tariff component, aiming at
   elimination or harmonization of tariffs in selected sectors; The binding of unbound tariffs (of
   up to 100%, but for countries that have less than 35% of their tariffs bound, no tariff
   reductions will be made, just binding). Longer implementation periods, and some flexibility
   for developing countries. For LDCs no tariff cuts and no sectorial component, but substantial
   binding. And finally the development of modalities that address NTBs;
3. Services: The July framework asked for initial offers to be submitted, and revised offers to be
   submitted before the 31st of May 2005. An improvement of the quality of offers, in particular
   in sectors and modes of interest to developing countries, including mode 4. Negotiations on
   rules have to be intensified, and technical assistance to be provided to developing countries.
4. Singapore issues: Three of the issues namely Investment, Competition Policy and
   Transparency in Government Procurement were taken out of the Doha Development Agenda,
   but will remain in the WTO. On Trade Facilitation negotiations will start, taking into account
   the lack of technical capacity and financial resources in developing countries, in particular in
   LDCs. Sand D will have to be taken into account as well. Least-developed country Members
   will only be required to undertake commitments to the extent consistent with their individual
   development, financial and trade needs or their administrative and institutional capabilities.
5. Development: only limited progress here, the 27 recommendations on the 28 agreement
   specific proposals were not adopted. There is a deadline for July 2005 to complete the review
   of the outstanding proposals.

     After the intense negotiations in July, the fall was rather calm. Not much happened, also due
to the elections in the US, and the change of the European Commission.
     In the meantime, since the beginning of this year, negotiations have restarted in all areas.
Many negotiating sessions are scheduled for the period up to July. Another General Council will
take place in July, and the objective is to get draft modalities in agriculture and NAMA by July,
improved and initial offers in services, and progress on rules and development, in order to get full
modalities by December, for the Hong Kong Ministerial. There have also been some indications,
for example by the US, that they aim to finish the round by the end of 2006. So a very important
moment will be again July. Therefore, any strategies that are developed will have to focus not
only on Hong Kong, but also on Geneva, July. There are indications that Hong Kong will just be
a gathering of ministers, but that real decisions will have been taken before December, to take
away the pressure of the Ministerial and avoid another Cancun and Seattle. Of course, the lack of
progress in the negotiations so far raises questions on the feasibility of this.

Issues at the moment:
1. Agriculture: Market access: the tariff formula has to be negotiated. In this respect
   negotiations currently focus on the conversion of specific tariffs into percentage tariffs (ad
   valorem equivalents (AVE)). These specific tariffs are mainly used by developed countries,
   and the conversion method will have implications when the tariff formula will be applied. It
   seems to be a contentious issue at the moment, that is expected to be resolved in or before
   Kenya, during the mini ministerial. Other issues are the tariff quota administration, criteria
   for sensitive and special products, and a special safeguard mechanism. In the export
   competition pillar the negotiations focus on criteria for export credits (and Sand D for
   developing countries) at the moment. On domestic support the negotiations focus on a
   formula for cutting trade distorting domestic subsidies. A 20% cut is to be given in the first
   year of implementation, however, due to gaps between allowed and actual levels of support,
   such cuts would remain insignificant. Discussions also focus on classification of (developed)
   countries to determine the level of cuts. And finally there are discussions on preference
   erosion. Agriculture negotiations are held in three different settings: informal negotiating
   sessions for the full membership with a full reading of the issues, more focused open ended
   technical consultations, and small group consultations with technical experts. A first
   approximation of modalities is aimed for by July with full modalities for December (tariff
   and subsidy reduction formulae, criteria for domestic support (for the different boxes)
   schedules, deadlines and transition periods).
2. NAMA: main issues that were identified are: the formula for tariff reduction, the treatment of
   unbound tariffs, the issue of sectoral initiatives, non-tariff barriers, and preference erosion.
   The formula proposed in Annex B of the July framework is a Swiss formula proposal, which
   cuts higher tariffs by a larger percentage than lower tariffs, aiming at harmonization of tariffs.
   This would however mean that developing countries which have higher average tariffs, will
   have higher tariff cuts then developed countries, which is contrary to the principle of less than
   full reciprocity. The US have proposed a Swiss formula with two coefficients, one for
   developed and one for developing countries, but of course in exchange for less flexibility in
   other areas. The treatment of unbound tariffs discusses which percentage of tariffs should be
   bound, which countries should bind their tariffs, and should, after binding, the tariffs be
   subject to tariff reductions. The sectoral approach is rejected by many developing countries.
   Many countries do not want this approach to be a priority in the NAMA negotiations, and
   countries should not be obliged to participate in these negotiations. Furthermore non-tariff
   barriers have to be dealt with as they often put up unnecessary strict restrictions for
   developing country products. But a balance has to be found between those NTBs that are
   legitimate (health and safety and environmental and social purposes). Whenever they are used
   for protectionist reasons they should be dealt with in the negotiations. The discussion also
   focuses on which NTBs are to be dealt with in which negotiations, there is the TBT
   commission, the SPS committee, the negotiations on trade facilitation etc. And finally there is
   the issue of preference erosion. Many countries (LDCs, ACP, GSP) receive tariff reductions
   under preferential trade agreements. Lowering the MFN base for tariffs will erode their tariff
   preferences. This is an issue that has to be addressed. The Africa Group is preparing a
   communication on this.
3. Services: the need for more initial offers (although the number of countries that made an
   initial offer cover 85% of the market of trade in services, it seems), 47 offers have been made
   and Indonesia announced its initial offer, with openings in energy, education and health and
   commitments on construction, financial and maritime services. Some countries feel pressure
   to make their initial offers, 46 countries such as Egypt, Malaysia, Morocco, Pakistan,
   Philippines, South Africa and Venezuela. Furthermore there is pressure for improved revised
   offers. In this regard they will try to establish some benchmarks for elements in offers in
   order to get improvement, such as benchmarks in a number of sectors where they should be
   committed to or which indicate the removal of a number of barriers. Also for instance to see
   whether offers to provide market access in services are equal to commitments in bilateral
   preferential trading agreements. In December Quad countries plus India, Mexico and Chile,
   Australia, NZ, Singapore, Norway, Korea, Switzerland, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Iceland and
   Norway, called for engagement in the request offer process and for improved offers by May
   2005. LDCs are not expected to make offers. Overall progress slow. During the services
   session last week 15 proposals were discussed on issues such as domestic regulation and
   postal services. On Mode 4 two proposals were made for defining and classifying different
   kinds of service providing professionals. To have a common system, which will facilitate
   deeper liberalization, and simplify temporary entry.
4. Cotton: a cotton sub-committee was established and it held its first meeting on the 16 th of
   February. This committee is chaired by the Agriculture chair Groser.
5. Anti dumping: there are 30 proposals for concrete changes.
6. Development: a split between those who want to deal with the 88 specific proposals and those
   who want to address cross cutting issues including principles and objectives of S&D. Both
   are going on simultaneously, by clustering agreement specific proposals based on their
   motivations. Four elements/principles were identified by the Chair: enhanced market access,
   enhanced flexibility in rules, consistency with the multilateral system and enhanced capacity
   building. Four working groups might be established around these clusters of proposals.
   Within the discussion on the 88 proposals no decision has been taken yet whether to reopen
   the discussion on the 28 (Cancún) proposals. The Africa group wants to renegotiate them as
   they would not deliver enough.
7. Trade Facilitation: Three meetings have taken place so far. EU and Korea made submissions,
   which focused on transparency and improved administration of regulations affecting cross
   border trade. The US made four proposals including on transparency of regulations and
   rulings, publication of procedures and procedures for express shipment. Developing countries
   are rather preoccupied with financial and technical assistance. The issue was raised whether
   any agreement arising from the negotiations should be legally binding or based on a system
   of incentives.

Several meetings are planned in the run up to Hong Kong:
 Mini ministerial Kenya 2-4 March
 OECD ministerial early May meeting
 June APEC trade ministers meeting
 Possible informal ministerial in China in July
 July General Council Meeting with ministers participating
 Hong Kong 13-18 December

Other Geneva developments
     New chairs were appointed for the different committees, with Amina Chawahir Mohamed
first woman chair of the General Council. DSB: Eirik Glenne (Norway) and TPR chair Don
Stephenson (Canada).
     A decision on the successor for Supachai has to be taken by the end of May. Consultations
are to be held by the General Council chair, together with the TPR chair and DSM chair, which
involves consultations with all members. Candidates are Pascal Lamy (EU), Jaya Cuttaree
(Mauritius), Luis Felipe de Seixas Correa (Brazil) and Carlos Perez del Castillo (Uruguay).
     The WTO public Symposium from 20-22 April in Geneva. A NAMA strategy meeting will
be organized on the 19th for those of you who are planning to come to the symposium.

Some of the issues for trade unions
    A trade union meeting planned for April will discuss trade issues in detail and discuss the
trade union position on the trade issues, but generally it can be said that:
    On Agriculture: Some of the major issues are the elimination of all forms of agricultural
export subsidies by developed countries in agriculture, the reduction and reorientation of other
agricultural subsidies (domestic support) towards sound rural development. Ensure that food aid
does not damage local production in recipient countries. Stable and predictable market access, S
and D and special products and SSM. Address preference erosion, protect food security, rural
development and rural livelihoods.
    On NAMA: There is concern about the impacts of NAMA negotiations on employment, both
in developed and developing countries, however, in particular in developing countries no
adjustment programmes are in place, no social safety nets, trade unions are rarely consulted in
developing countries on trade policies and development policies.
    Development: adoption of the 27 S and D proposals and more adequate S and D. Strong
development focus, which is socially and environmentally sustainable.
    Services: Concern about pressure being put on DCs to table offers and make commitments to
privatise and liberalise public services and services of public interest. Public services and other
services of general interest should not be undermined by private sector competition under WTO
disciplines. Public services should be excluded from GATS negotiations entirely. Assessment of
impacts of services commitments should be made before conclusion of the round; protection of
the ability of governments to regulate without possibility of legal challenge; With regard to mode
4 negotiations and commitments must ensure observance of core labour standards, national labour
law and existing collective agreements by all parties for all workers concerned. Protection of
migrant workers against all forms of discrimination and remittance of their contributions to social
security and insurance schemes, and full involvement of the ILO. Negotiations should be built
upon guarantees of migrant workers rights on the basis of ILO and UN conventions, not on the
basis of making it easier for employers to move unprotected workers around the world.

Other issues
     A focus on employment to address poverty eradication. Employment will be key. 185.9
million people are unemployed (2003). But worse, of the 2.8 billion people employed, half of
them, 1.4 billion, do not earn over two dollars a day, they are the working poor. They do not earn
enough to lift themselves and their families out of poverty. Therefore it is not just employment
that is key, but decent employment to address poverty worldwide. There is a need to improve
working conditions in the growing informal economy, and to address the high youth
unemployment. National development strategies have to focus on employment and respect for
workers‘ rights, to ensure that the benefits of trade policies are equally distributed.
     The World Commission on the social dimension of globalization made several
recommendations with regard to the WTO. The most important one is the need for policy
coherence both at the national and international level between international org. and between
ministries. Some of the recommendations should be taken forward, such as policy coherence
initiatives on specific issues, such as the developments in textiles and clothing; but also on
employment, bringing different organizations together such as ILO, WTO, WB, IMF, UN
agencies. An inter agency globalization policy forum to undertake regular dialogue on the social
impact of developments and policies in the global economy between interested org.
     Other recs include that unfair rules in the WTO should be addressed; S and D needs to be
stronger, and built into the system.
    The need to address the lack of respect for core labour standards. There is intensified
competition on labour standards, and the exploitation of women workers in EPZs has
expanded dramatically, and effective international policies have to be developed to
promote decent work, investment and trade in EPZs in particular and in global production
systems generally.

Updates on development in the Pacific, Jane Kenlsey (ARENA/NZ)
     The small and remote Pacific Islands depend on trade preferences from former colonial
powers for their small range of mainly natural resources exports. Their governments depend on
tariffs for between one third and half their revenue, plus aid and remittances.
     There is no way these countries can compete in the global economy without exploiting their
natural resources. Yet they are under pressure from the World Bank and Asian Development
Bank, through Poverty Strategy Reduction Programmes (PRSPs) that invoke the Millennium
Development Goals, and aid donors such as Australia, New Zealand and the European Union to
insert themselves into the global economy, privatize, liberalise trade and remove restrictions on
foreign investors, including ownership of land.
     The Pacific Islands governments feel they have no choice. Their preferential access to their
main markets is eroding as tariffs come down. The European Union has insisted that all the
African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries negotiate reciprocal access for its goods under
‗economic partnership agreements‘ that include services, investment and intellectual property.
     Worse, all these arrangements have to be WTO compatible, even though only 3 of the 14
Pacific Islands slates are WTO members. Effectively WTO rules will govern their economic life
even though most are not, and never will be, WTO members. This has led some governments to
suggest maybe they should join so they have a seat at the table. But the experience of those who
are WTO members shows that is a delusion.
  Three Islands (Fiji, Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands) are founding
members of the WTO members. Ever since the first WTO ministerial conference in Singapore
in 1996 they have argued that the WTO needs to address the plight of small vulnerable
economies. The Ministerial Declarations are going nowhere, however. They also face opposition
from other countries in the South who fear that recognizing another category would further
‗divide and rule‘.
     They also face demands for new commitments in services — including EC ‗requests‘ that
PNG and Solomon Islands remove restrictions on foreign ownership of land. NAMA will impact
on fisheries, their second largest export. Renegotiation of the Sugar Protocol of Fiji‘s sugar
exports with the EU will reduce the price of sugar and potentially collapse the industry,
provoking an economic, social and political crisis.
     The potential for intensified economic, social and political instability as a result of WTO
membership is enormous. The CEO of the Ministry Foreign Affairs and Trade would recommend
that Fiji join the WTO if it wasn‘t already a member, so they had advance warnings of the tidal
waves that were coming their way and take defensive action, even though they couldn‘t affect
them.
     Three other Pacific Islands in the process of acceding to the WTO: Vanuatu, Samoa, and
Tonga. Accession is an outrageous process that is far worse than the WTO‘s Green Room and
bullying of WTO members from the South. To join the WTO requires unanimous support from a
Working Party. Any WTO member can join the Working Party and they have to be satisfied with
what is being offered before a country can join. The major powers routinely demand WTO plus
commitments from some of the world‘s poorest countries to use as leverage in their negotiations
with the likes of Saudi Arabia and Russia — and previously China. This was Cambodia‘s
experience, and Vietnam and Lao are facing similar demands. Few small countries have the skill
base to assess the implications and are told unless they agree they can‘t join.
     The significance of the Pacific is that Vanuatu completed the process and was supposed to be
the first LDC to join the WTO in Doha in 2001. Days before the meeting it backed off, because
the cost was too high. Last year the government decided to reactivate the accession on the basis
that it was facing WTO-compatibility through regional agreements and it was better to negotiate
its own terms now than have them dictated under another round of debt conditionality if they
faced another economic crisis.
     In addition to the Doha Round or WTO accession, as members of the African, Caribbean and
Pacific Group — the ACP — the Pacific Islands have just begun negotiations with the European
Union for a regional ‗economic partnership agreement‘ under the Cotonou Agreement. This will
replace their preferential market access under the Lomé Convention that is critical for their sugar
and canned tuna exports. But the EPA is required to be WTO compatible, which the EC insists
requires reciprocal trade in 90% of goods to be implemented in slightly more than 10 years.
     The idea of free trade in goods between the EU and ACP countries is fanciful enough. But the
Cotonou Agreement also includes the issues that the Europeans haven‘t been able to get on the
Doha agenda — notably competition and investment. It is ironic that the ACP fought so hard in
Cancun to keep these ‗new issues‘ off the table, when they had already conceded much of the
ground to the EU under Cotonou.
     A further threat hangs over the Islands. Australia and New Zealand, their biggest export
markets and main source of imports, bullied the Islands into signing the PACER agreement that
promises to negotiate a WTO-compatible economic integration agreement with them if the
Islands negotiate with another developed country, ie. the EU. This would devastate their revenue
and their fledgling industrial and agricultural exports and on food security and employment.
     As with most poor countries, these are huge issues about capacity. Fiji doesn‘t have a trade
lawyer on its team. Small islands are lucky to have one official to deal with this whole complex
array of negotiations. Secrecy, lack of understanding and government hostility to trade unions,
NGOs and other social activists means that local people are barely aware that this process is
underway. Solidarity and empowerment is an urgent challenge.
     In summary, the Pacific Islands are pawns in a game over which they have no control.
Vanuatu‘s decision to hold back from WTO membership, and from joining PICTA and PACER,
is significant. It needs to be more widely known and built on. But likewise, those of us whose
governments are making these outrageous demands need to find ways to challenge that process.
     Governments have now embarked on a rescue mission for the WTO and APEC through
regional and bilateral agreements. Often the agreements do no more than lock in the existing
neoliberal trade, investment, privatization and deregulation policies that these governments have
introduced to protect them against ‗backsliding‘.
     There are broader foreign policy objectives as well. The US in particular manipulates
accession in line with its imperialist agenda and insists on alignment of foreign and trade policy
objectives in regional trade agreements with subordinate countries.
     China is playing an interesting game. It was forced to make extensive commitments in its
WTO accession. Yet it is now engaged in free trade negotiations. The potential effect on garment
and other manufacturing has given rise to some China bashing, however, the problem lies with
our governments and the neoliberal globalisation agenda. China is attempting to establish its own
hegemony in the region, secure access to energy, mineral, forestry and fishing resources and
create opportunities for its firms and investors. The next link is ASEAN plus Three (China, South
Korea and Japan). The circle is almost complete with talks just launched on an ASEAN free trade
agreement with Australia and New Zealand.
     We need to keep the ministerial meeting in perspective. A failed ministerial does not solve
the deeper problems that are endemic to the WTO itself and the outbreak of WTO-compatible
agreements that are being initiated all around the world. It is the responsibility of people‘s
movements to bring sanity to bear.
     This broader overview suggests that campaigns around the Hong Kong ministerial need to
look well beyond the Doha Round to:
1. challenge the link between Poverty Strategy Reduction Programmes, the Millennium
     Development Goals, aid and trade negotiations as the tools of coherence for the major powers
     across the IMF, World Bank and WTO;
2. expose accession as the WTO‘s ‗dirty little secret‘ where the world‘s poorest countries are
     screwed so the major powers can advance their geopolitical agendas, through campaigns that
     confront the majors and empower movements in acceding countries to have their
     governments say ‗no‘; and
3. ensure that our campaign on the WTO highlights the link between the WTO and the
     interlocking network of WTO-compatible regional and bilateral trade and investment
     negotiations and ‗economic partnerships‘ that extend and embed neoliberal globalization so
     no country can escape or backtrack.



Updates from Hong Kong Situation, Au Loong yu (HKPA)
WTO, Hong Kong Government and China Government
     Hong Kong is a full member of the WTO. Trade facilitation, Services, and NAMA have been
the government‘s priorities within the WTO. Agriculture has not been a priority, although the
government now acknowledges the need to give it more attention, given the role agriculture plays
in the Doha round.
     An MC6 Coordination Office was recently established, headed by Janet Wong. Transparency
and consultation with Hong Kong public is virtually non-existent. A delegation from the
Conference met with her on February 27, mostly on logistical issues, please contact me if you are
interested in full details of that meeting.
    To date, the Chinese government‘s influence on Hong Kong‘s negotiating positions in the
WTO has not been very evident. However, given the overall tendency of Hong Kong‘s
administration to avoid offending Beijing, it maybe expected that, at the very least, Hong Kong
would not take on a position that would antagonize the Mainland.
    In general, China often allies with the developing countries in groups like the G20. At the
same time, it has a very pro-neoliberal domestic economic policy.

WTO and Hong Kong People: Privatization of Services
      Hong Kong has always been a ―free port.‖ As Hong Kong still plays a role as ‗trading agent‘
between China and the world (although this is diminishing as China increasingly undertakes
structural reform), Hong Kong people identify very much with China‘s future, and generally want
to see China benefiting from more open markets, whether in the US, EU, Japan, or other
developing countries. This is a real-life issue for many of Hong Kong‘s middle-lower class
populace, many of whose wages depend on importing or exporting goods or services.
      Given that Hong Kong has historically been a very open economy, and that many Hong Kong
people are self-made, there is a lot of faith in how markets work. Competition, squeezing out, the
drive for efficiency at the cost of working conditions – these are all realities that many Hong
Kong people have lived, and consider ‗natural‘, given that many have their roots in refugee
families from China, who came with nothing to their name and little to expect from the past
colonial government.
      The awareness of the WTO and what it does is extremely low among the Hong Kong public,
not to mention the details of the AOA, TRIPS, or WTO reform. Rural poverty in China is quite
common knowledge; but there is little understanding of factors such as international trade rules
(aside from the common perception that international trade has caused China‘s recent wealth.)
      Before 1960, there were very little public laws to protect workers, women, the environment,
etc. At this time, a full half of the population of Hong Kong lives in government-subsidized
public housing. There have been significant social reforms, many of which are threatened under
privatization. While they have had positive economic growth since 1999, unemployment has
remained the same, about 6-7%. And it should be remembered that although Hong Kong has very
little agriculture, about 20% of vegetables consumed in Hong Kong are produced locally.
      Hong Kong and China are also negotiating a number of bilaterals. HK has a CEPA: Closer
Economic Partnership Agreement with China. Many services jobs, including accounting,
banking, airline ticketing, software, are moving from Hong Kong to China. In addition, it is
estimated that 10 million Chinese farmers will be forced to leave their land because of lowering
agricultural tariffs from the WTO. In addition, almost 400,000 oil workers have lost their jobs
since privatization began in China in oil sector. Also the China-Thailand FTA is causing a flood
of cheap imports of fruits and vegetables into Thailand since it began 1 year ago.
      There is a high awareness of local poverty, although the prevalent impression is that such
poverty exists due to individuals‘ inability to acquire more marketable skills, or to individual
companies‘ exploitative practices. There has been little research, and consequently, limited
linking of poverty with globalized trade.
      Therefore, the main issues facing Hong Kong people related to WTO is privatization of
Services. The HKPA groups do not have access to the Hong Kong government‘s Offers or
Requests, but these have been asked for and the MC6 Coordinating Office has stated that they
will consult with HKPA on this issue. The HKPA will be focusing an enormous amount of effort
on education of the local population about the negative impacts of the WTO and the threat of
WTO expansion, with a focus on services and privatization.
Updates on the response from Civil Society, Tony Tujan (APRN)
  Social Movements Concerns on Trade Liberalization -- Towards the Hong Kong Ministerial
    The people and social movements have a difficulty talking about the WTO because trade
liberalization and the agreements around them seem so unfamiliar and technical. They are
negotiated by our governments and those most concerned about the negotiations are the trading
entities, mostly the transnational corporations who conduct a full two-thirds of all world trade.
When we talk about trade in services, the first thing that we must consider is the workers who
provide or create that service.

Who are the social movements and why are they so concerned about trade liberalization?
    The social movements represent the people. We are the workers and their unions who run
industry and make up the bulk of our urban populations. We are the small farming and fishing
communities and the associations of peasants, fisherfolk, rural women, small producers,
pastoralists, forest gatherers and others who make up the bulk of the population of mainly
agrarian countries of the South. We are the students and the youth who seek a brighter, more
secure future. We are the indigenous communities, stewards of the land and seas. We are the
women and the rest of marginalized sectors who carry the burden of society, we work for its
survival and we suffer for its problems.
    The people‘s organizations and the NGOs who serve the PO‘s make up the social movements
who are increasingly concerned over the worsening economic situation and the social problems
resulting from globalization and trade liberalization in particular.
    Ten years ago since the GATT Uruguay Round was negotiated, social movements in many
countries have launched a spirited campaign against the agreement and the establishment of the
WTO.
    The coming 6th Ministerial in Hong Kong is significant because this as an opportunity to
bring forward concerns and objections to the WTO in the light of the massive displacement and
misery it has caused on the people across the globe in the past ten years.

Impact of WTO and trade liberalization
    The WTO was supposed to establish a so-called ‗level playing field‘ or free market
competition. This is the big double myth of the WTO. Free market policies of the WTO have not
resulted in free competition, but the freedom of transnational corporations who monopolize trade
and industry all over the world to dominate even more. Worse, the agreements provide further
advantages for the industrialized countries and their monopoly TNCs. The burdens of those losses
are also consciously passed on to the workers, the artisans and the small suppliers in the South as
well as in the North.
    As a result of the GATT, TRIMS and other related agreements, tariff and other barriers to
cheaper industrial products from richer industrialized countries have been removed. As a
consequence locally manufactured products are priced out of the market. Workers have been
losing their jobs in the resulting bankruptcies, relocation of production and production
subcontracting or outsourcing. Wages and benefits are cut because of the loss of union rights, and
job security.
    As a result of the Agreement on Agriculture and related agreements, peasants and other rural
producers are unable to compete with cheap, subsidized agricultural products dumped from the
industrialized countries because quantitative and tariff          barriers have been removed.
Agrochemical TNCs have a heyday as industrial methods of agriculture take over traditional
systems whether in domestic food production or export crop production in the South.
    Indigenous and other traditional communities suffer immensely due to the flood of cheap
subsidized imports and the increase in speculative investment in development projects that take
over their ancestral domain.
    Trade liberalization has left prices unchanged as merchants pocketed whatever windfall from
price differentials was available. On the other hand, the income of consumers has eroded
dramatically as a result of economic recession, joblessness, contractualization and the like.
    The concomitant effects of liberalization and globalization have been most severe on
marginalized social sectors like the women, youth, Dalits, settlers, migrant workers and the like.
They suffer from the loss of social services and support systems due to the intensification of
privatization and deregulation that is pushed by the WTO and other mechanisms of trade
liberalization.

The people are even more concerned with the Doha program
    At the 4th Ministerial Meeting of the WTO in Doha, Qatar, the industrialized powers pushed
for the continuation of their agenda to achieve investment liberalization and further expand the
scale and scope of the WTO. The main agenda of the industrialized powers was the inclusion of
the so-called Singapore issues as new areas for negotiations that provide for incredible benefits
and protection for transnational investment. The Singapore issues were defeated in the 5 th
Ministerial in Cancun. The focus of contention has shifted to expanding the Agreement on
Agriculture, the GATS and the NAMA, as well as the TRIPS review.
    Peasants and other social movements working on food and agriculture issues are seriously
concerned that the devastating impact of the WTO AoA on agricultural systems in developing
countries remain unaddressed. The focus is towards reducing tariffs and maintaining the
unbalanced subsidies in the rich industrialized countries.
    The negotiations on NAMA are meant to further increase reductions in tariff and other
barriers to industrial products. Many developing countries are already experiencing the
phenomenon of shrinking industrial sectors.
    The negotiations in the GATS promise to create a new agreement that shall expand
investment and trade liberalization as sectors generally shielded from trade and investment
liberalization are opened to the private sector, particularly to transnational corporations such as
education and health, as well as natural resources and environment.
     The people are concerned that the Doha program targeted to be concluded at the Hong Kong
ministerial is meant to expand this even further in such sensitive sectors as agriculture, services
and the already weakened industrial sectors.

          Social Movements Strategy on the Doha program towards the HK Ministerial
    Since the second ministerial of the WTO in Seattle, many social movements and the NGOs
aligned with them have long formulated a strategy that has challenged the neoliberal agenda of
the WTO. This position is expressed in the statement ‗Shrink or Sink‘ of the Our World Is Not
For Sale network. This strategy has been updated in relation to the Doha ministerial and again to
the Cancun Ministerial, where it has been generally successful in derailing the objectives of
expanding the neoliberal agenda of the WTO and further exposing the character of globalization
and the WTO.
    This strategy is premised on our rejection of the WTO, in particular the neoliberal framework
and agenda of the WTO, and its undemocratic character dictated by imperialist powers and their
multinational corporations.
    The objective has been to expose this character of the WTO and delegitimize it. This is
accomplished by people‘s campaigns and direct actions.
    The strategy is realized through derailing its negotiations. Cancun is a clear example of how
negotiations were derailed, in the process exposing the character of the global powers,
highlighting the impact of liberalization and concerns of the people and exposing the negative
features of the WTO and its agenda of liberalization
    A specific tactic in derailing negotiations is in paying attention to concrete contradictions that
emerge both among global powers and industrialized countries, and between blocs of Southern
and Northern countries. Specific contradictions can become so severe as to sabotage the
negotiations.
    NGOs in Geneva and in our respective capitals are able to follow negotiations and note areas
where intense contradictions emerge that can be enhanced both through lobby action and outside
campaigning. Examples of these are the Mode 4 issue for GATS, the possibility of creating an
opposing bloc for NAMA and revitalizing the Group of 33 and 21 for AoA. Increasing migrant
rights and welfare struggle can help push the effort of India and include other countries like the
Philippines in pushing for Mode 4 which is unacceptable to the US and other Northern countries.
Trade union action can help increase pressure to develop and block with a stronger position
against Northern demands for accelerated reduction of industrial tariffs under NAMA
negotiations. Increasing peasant struggles can hopefully strengthen the ranks and the cause of
Group of 33 countries on Special Products.

Prospects for the conclusion of the Doha program
    The negotiations in AoA, GATS and NAMA are facing extreme difficulties and lack of time
to conclude towards the ministerial. It is too early to say that the Doha program will be derailed.
    In any case, it is imperative for the social movements not to allow the conclusion of the Doha
program without at least massive protests around the world.

The run of the campaign
    For practical reasons, campaigning is most effective through concrete issues related to the
various negotiations such as AoA, GATS, NAMA. Coordinated campaigning is conducted on
these issues at the national and international level.
    The campaign is most effective when we bring the issues to the people, mold public opinion,
hold protests and lobby our governments to our cause.
    International level campaigning is important in order to influence international public
opinion, expose the character of the negotiations, strengthen the opposition of Southern
governments, and develop monkeywrenching possibilities. In this regard, there is a need to
increase our presence during crucial periods in Geneva such as the General Council meeting in
July.
    On the other hand, we should also pursue campaigning in relation to the mini-Ministerials so
as to prevent the objective of isolating specific countries for imperialist arm-twisting. We should
also prepare for the APEC Leader‘s Meeting in Pusan, South Korea sometime in November
which will most probably be used as a prelude negotiation for Hong Kong.

Combining with other issues and campaigns
    Campaigning on the WTO cannot be isolated from the development of other free trade and
investment mechanisms. Bilateral and regional free trade mechanisms are aligned to the WTO
and complement its current negotiations for GATS, NAMA and AoA. Campaigning on them
should not be separated but combined into a synergy that allows for more tactical opportunities as
well as exposing globalization better to the people.
    The issue of the US-led ‗war on terrorism‘ is another phenomenon which must also be
incorporated or linked in our campaigning on liberalization and globalization and the WTO in
particular.
     We should make clear links between the WTO and campaigning against trade liberalization
with the issue of the Empire and it global war agenda. The fact that most of this war is happening
in Asia, most of the sensitive geopolitics of trade and of oil are in Asia makes it imperative for us
to address the issue of war in relation to the WTO Hong Kong ministerial.
     The resurrection of the Doha program despite the debacle in Cancun for the WTO shows how
resilient the neoliberal agenda still is, and how powerful and resourceful the global powers are.
However, the WTO and the agenda of liberalization and globalization are not invincible in the
face of a strong, determined global movement of the people.

General Discussion
     None of the speakers mentioned the word ―empire‖. The WTO is one form of empire. This
meeting should gather around one small value – resistance to empire. The resistance should
include brothers and sisters within developed countries, not within corporations.
     It is important to link the WTO with militarization. The market could not exist without the
hand of U.S. military resources.
     The post-MultiFibre Arrangement (MFA) findings are worrisome, as a lot of garment
industries will close, leaving thousands of workers unemployed. Many had speculated that the
apparel industries would collapse and go to China and India. That projection has already been
revised. The US and Europe are currently working to bring back the MFA. The US is considering
creating the mechanism that garments using US textiles have preferential entry. Third World
Countries would then go back to the usual schemes, whereby they suffer in the end. The issue is
not with China and India; we need to look at the broader scheme with U.S.
     Should we agree with the statement that the enemy is not the WTO, but transnational
corporations? One of the traps when looking at the WTO is to focus on an institution‘s events or
activities. You risk losing the bigger picture at times. Governments are acting as agents for
corporations, with the government playing a global role. There is a shift in language to
partnerships, which is designed to disguise the relationships involved. The U.S. and corporations
have forums where they push the agenda, but the militarism relationship underpins all of it.
     One of the great successors in the movement has been to force the government and
institutions into a defensive position about secrecy. The Sutherland report makes it clear that
future dialogue with civil society is important, but not to those who oppose the WTO agenda.
Civil society is allowed, but uncivil society will remain outside.
     In terms of services, there are lots of accusations that China and India are the winners of the
MFA. Workers of China are not the winners, however. For example, in the central and western
regions, there is much downsizing and layoffs of workers.
     Countries should be able to access relief in the WTO, but in reality, countries go through a
long process, and many poor countries do not have a big delegation in the WTO with lawyers. In
practise, we know that trade liberalization, or even colonial trade, creates a balance of payments.
These are handled by countries through borrowing.
     The growth of the massive anti-war movement has strengthened the anti-capitalist movement.
The combination of those two movements has increased the power of what we have, the world‘s
second superpower. The failure of one ministerial meeting affirmed that the symbolic end of the
talks gave lots of confidence to the movement. We need to bring together all those things for the
Hong Kong ministerial meeting.
     In the next six months, we need a visible mobilization in Geneva and Europe against the
WTO and against possible conclusion of the new framework and modalities. It is very important
to focus on policy analysis, as well as mobilize local activists and trade unions, so that there is a
protest outside.
     We need to have an inside and outside strategy. We need to have a clear, common position,
and we need to execute that position both inside and outside the formal structures. Some people
do, however, use this inside/outside strategy as a convenient smokescreen to allow people to do
with they want internally (lobbying with the government) but without linking to the
accountability to local people outside.

Strategies for December Meeting: Action Plan before the WTO Meeting
    Tony Tujan, from APRN, talked about Our World Is Not For Sale (OWINFS), a loose
network of social movements and NGOs. Anyone who has problems with the WTO would find a
place in OWINFS.
    De-legitimizing the WTO is the alternative way, combining with the support of the efforts of
the south. Derailment contributes to the strategy against the WTO. The objective of the Hong
Kong ministerial is to derail the Doha program.
    The position of social movement is to have more subsidies. The debate in the WTO is no
subsidies. Those who are needier of subsidies do not get them. The subsidies for the north should
be dramatically reduced and reformed so they benefit small farmers, and the southern subsidies
should be increased and reformed so they also address small farmers and land owners.
    Au Loong yu, from HKPA, shared three issues that have developed since the foundation of
the alliance. Wherever we launched the education project on the WTO, we always encountered
big obstacles. People are unaware that twenty percent of the vegetables are grown here. Food
requires food safety. The WTO is bad for food safety.
    One of the great things is that the trade unions have been working closely with NGOs in
establishing HKPA. Since Seattle, trade unions were a little slow in joining the anti-globalization
movement, but they are now catching up all over the world. In Hong Kong, there is great fruit in
the wing to see the CTUs and other trade unions, NGOs, Christian, Catholic groups coming
together to form an alliance for the first time on these international issues.
    In terms of China, Au frequently hears that opposing the WTO automatically implies that the
person opposes the Chinese government, but this is an inaccurate categorization. One delegate
here said that what we are opposing is the new liberal policy. Any government doing that will be
opposed.
    Esther Busser, from ICFTU, suggested that we need to focus on NAMA, which is now
taking off. Civil society has focused a lot on agriculture and GATS.
    Draft modalities are to be prepared for the General Council meeting in July, so we should
focus on the negotiations from this moment on until July. The Geneva meeting will be very
important in the eyes of the negotiations.

     In the spirit of plurality, the HKPA knows the diversity of participants and positions with the
WTO, trade, and liberalization. We would like all ICN participants to have a common
mobilization during the December Action Week in Hong Kong. During the common
mobilization, everyone is invited to mobilize and carry their own slogans, banners, coalitions, etc.
The HKPA is a carry banner saying, ―Stop the WTO corporate agenda!‖ All are invited to carry
the same banner, but it is not mandatory to march under that banner. If you believe in something
else, that is fine. The plural march will be quite open.
     It is anticipated that there will be parallel activities during the Action Week, which will be
left to participants to come up with together. The HKPA wants to coordinate as much as possible,
however, the HKPA cannot help people who have not talked to us and come to activities. The
HKPA will do our best and rely on participants to coordinate in respective countries/regions.
Working Group Workshop Reports
There are three aspects to the future functioning of the working groups:
1. All HKPA members are part of the HKPA e-group
2. Working groups have their own sub-lists (for example, program, finance, etc.)
3. Groups provide regular updates, which do not have to be from just one person all the time.
   For example, ―this week‘s update from finance committee is…‖ so it does not burden one
   person, and it is easy to find different the reports from different groups. This coordination
   will be up to the working groups to decide. It is important that they are open and remember
   that we do not represent the whole anti-globalization movement in this room.

    A note about the contact people for the working groups: In many cases, the contact
people listed here are the ones who have given the reports, but they may not be the group‘s
coordinator. Please let us know about any discrepancies.

Sectoral Workshops
Fisher folk
   Contact Person: Gerardo Corpuz of Pamalakaya (Philippines) [pampil@skyinet.net]

    Participants:
    14 participants, representing peoples' organizations, fishery related non-government
    organizations, academic groups and research institutions involved in fisheries from five
    countries- The Philippines, Thailand, Hong Kong, Switzerland and Japan

    The workshop discussed the following concerns
    1. Burning issues confronted by small fisherfolk in their respective countries and
    2. Proposed line up and schedule of activities for the December affair against WTO in
       Hong Kong

    Thailand
     Shrimp farming activities in Thailand are contributing to the massive destruction of fishing
      areas in the country, particularly in the Southern part region of Thailand.
     The Thai fishers are campaigning against the government's sea food policy and lobbying
      for the amendment of their fisheries law

    Philippines
     Pamalakaya has 10 years of experience campaigning against the WTO (1995-2005)
     The group made a study on the impact of WTO (182,000 Filipino fisherfolk were displaced
      from their main source of livelihood due to globalization)
     According to Pamalakaya, the WTO and neo-liberal policies strengthened the export-
      oriented, import dependent character of the Philippines' backward fishing industry
     The Philippines has become one of the biggest dumping ground of imported fish and other
      water-based products over the last 10 years. Surplus fish and water-based products of big
      fishing nations were dumped to the Philippines in the form of export products
     Pamalakaya also said the neo-liberal policies rallied investors to appropriate coastal areas
      and fishing communities and convert these into sites for eco-tourism projects, industrial and
      commercial projects that led to the displacement of thousands of fishing families along
      bays, lake shores and coastal areas
   Pamalakaya's proposed activities and initial schedules:
   1. Workshop conference on impact of and resistance against the WTO. This workshop falls
      under the AoA major workshop/conference sponsored by Asian Peasant Coalition in
      cooperation with Pamalakaya and the World Forum of Fisher peoples (WFFP). This will
      be held on December 14 or 15
   2. Sectoral Workshop on December 16- Bayside Conference of Pamalakaya/WFFP to be
      held in the Hong Kong bay area facing the Convention Center near Central Park. A
      fluvial protest will follow after the Bayside Conference
   3. Prior to the December protest in Hong Kong, Pamalakaya and WFFP will conduct a
      protest rally in Manila against WTO (December 13).

   Kilusang Mangingisda (Fisherfolk Movement-Philippines) for its part shared the following:
   1. The group addresses the issues on fish importation; export subsidies, aquaculture
      development, environment and other national issues. It would also tackle the issue of
      NAMA.
   2. The group is planning to hold a fluvial protest against WTO this December in Hong
      Kong. There were two options cited to realize the fluvial protest. First, it would
      encourage fisherfolk groups in Malaysia, Cambodia, Thailand and Indonesia to go to
      Hong Kong by boats of if this won't, identify a staging point where they could mass up
      before proceeding to Hong Kong. No dates were set for this activity
   3. The group and their allied organizations are set to conduct a campaign committee
      meeting on March 29-31 to discuss the details and finalize the set of activities

Labour
   Contact Person: K L Kwok (HKCTU) [klkwok@hkctu.org.hk]

   General Objective:
   1. To come-up with a concrete plan for coordinate, international, regional and national
      actions to derail the WTO 6th Ministerial meeting.
   2. To define and identify the responsibilities, roles as well as concrete plans for each tasks.
   3. To finalize what organization will be the over-all coordinator in the labor sector in all
      actions leading to the 6th ministerial meeting in Hongkong.


   Activities
                                             International
      May 1, 2005 (International Labor Day Celebration)
           o    The Labor Sector decided that the main issue among other issues to be bannered
                during the International Labor Day Celebration will be the Working Class Global
                Day of Action against the World Trade Organization (WTO).
           o    It is emphasized that the working class should mobilize in May 1, in as many
                countries as possible to project the coordinated and simultaneous actions of
                Trade Unions, Workers organization and the whole Labor Movement that the
                promise of prosperity of neo-liberal globalization is a hoax. That the WTO and
                its policies only (further) worsens, in equalities, poverty, hunger, proliferation of
                human rights violation and workers rights violations, among others.
        o   Thus, the working class as a mutual force, affected by the neo-liberation
            globalization should struggle and engage the system towards a society that truly
            represents and addresses their interest.

                                   International/ Regional
   Electronic Mail
        o   Considering the distance and workers participating in the labor sector workshop
            came from Asia, the Pacific and Europe, exchange of news and updates and other
            actions like campaign and mobilizations against the WTO etc. can be
            communicated to different countries through e-mail.
        o   A directory of the workers participating in the workshop have given their e-mail
            address and website of their respective organizations, thus, the directory should
            be forwarded to all participants, for further communication and information
            sharing until we reach the 6th Hong Kong Ministerial meeting.

                                          National:
   Education/ Mass Membership Seminar
        o   It is understood that all trade union and other workers organization shall include
            in their trade union/workers organization‘s Education curriculum, topics about
            the World Trade Organization, its policies, scopes, agents, the effects of its
            policies to the working people in particular and the Neo-Liberal Globalization in
            general.

Other forms of propagating information against WTO:
1. Propaganda Work
2. Newsletter/Bulletins
3. Manuals
4. Posters
5. Forum
6. Conference
7. Press Conference

                                         Campaigns:
1. EXPOSE Transnational greediness/Boycott TNC‘s that violates workers right to self –
   organization, collective bargaining and concerted actions.
2. Engage the Government/State to be transparent in their positions in trade offers and
   counter offers on the multi-lateral and bilateral talks, FULL DISCLOSURE, so that no
   concession will be made.
3. The workers should engage the system in such a way that the wealth created is distributed
   rightly to workers.
4. Media Work should be effective.
5. DERAIL THE HONG KONG MINISTERIAL MEETING.

                                        Mobilizations:
It is understood that mass mobilizations of workers to include:
 Rally
 Picket
 Demonstration
    Big and large mobilizations on specific dates as determined by each national centers as a
     group of national labor centers.


   Lead Coordinator Of Labor Sector:
   Unanimously approved that all efforts and concerns before and during the week of action in
   Hong Kong shall be coordinated to the Hong Kong Confederation of Trade Unions.
   (HKCTU)

Migrants
   Contact Person: Tatcee Macabuag (Migrant Forum in Asia) [mfa@pacific.net.hk]
                       Also: Rex Verona (AMC) [rexv@asian-migrants.org]

   Participants: 40 participants

   Issues to highlight in WTO and migration:

      International Financial Institutions and relations to Debt,
      Landlessness and mobility
      Conflict and migration in relation to trade and migration; militarization and trade
      Militarization, the US led war on terror and trade
             o Discriminatory immigration policies as a result of the US war on terror in
                  relation to migrant workers leading to the crackdown of migrant workers.
             o Criminalization of migrant workers (undocumented workers)
             o Restrictive treatment of foreign domestic workers
      Debt repayment and remittances: impact not highlighted by the sending countries;
             o how migrant workers remittances are used to off set the debt repayment
      Commodification of migrant workers
             o temporary movement of persons GM4; dehumanization of migrant workers;
                  removal of rights of migrant workers in GM4.
             o Commodification of labor despite mode 4. WTO creates unemployment that
                  promotes migration of persons/commodification of labor
             o GM4: focuses on professionals, managers etc, does not tackle bigger informal
                  sector of migrant workers and the so called ―unskilled‖ workers.
             o GM4: Developing countries pushed for mode 4 for the deployment of labor.
                  Strategy of developing countries to promote migrant labor.
      Restriction on mobility rights: Demand for open boarders
      Unfair trade practices and agreements results to unemployment leading to migration.
       Coordinate action with other groups working on WTO leading to the ministerial meeting in
       December
             o WTO‘s impact on developing countries (e.g. Bangladesh) – MFA:Multi-fiber
                  agreement resulted to structural adjustments creating unemployment leading to
                  migration
      Restrictions on labor and migrants rights: restrictions on migrants from the South who are
       considered as ―unskilled‖ compared to the ―skilled‖ workers from the North
      Discriminatory classification of ―skilled‖ and ―un-skilled‖ labor
      Rights based approach to migration vs. WTO framework. Where do we place rights in the
       WTO framework.
      Difficulty of raising labor rights in WTO for it talks about trade and does not include labor.
Strategies:
 How to make the Government accountable in their commitments outside WTO.
  Governments should not be making commitments in WTO that are contrary to their
  commitments in the UN, ILO, bilateral agreements.
 Make receiving governments accountable to labor rights in the host country.
 Pressure governments to affirm their other commitments outside WTO to bog down
  negotiations in WTO.
 Call for the strengthening of labor standards, unity of migrant unions, migrant workers
  outside WTO to affirm commitments of Governments outside the WTO
 Need to conduct massive Information Education Campaign among civil society and the
  governments.
 Linkaging and connecting anti-WTO campaigns, bringing issues of various sectors
  together.

Activities/POA for the December week of action:
 Specific activities per group or organization during the week of action in Hong Kong[e.g.
  Public debate during the week of action inside the WTO coordinated by accredited NGOs]
 Country level activities before and during the action week to promote massive action
  [workshop participants need to forward their specific action plans and calendar of activities
  to the working group]
 Consolidated mass action of various sectors on December 18, international migrant workers
  day in solidarity with migrant workers [Propose to Hong Kong Peoples Alliance to show
  solidarity for migrant workers on December 18. All activities focused on mass mobilization
  with the migrant workers]
 Participation and support in the activities of other sectors [coordination of activities with
  other sectors/ groups]
 Creation of a working committee to organize and coordinate activities for the week of
  action
 Creation of a working committee to draft slogans
 Arrive at a common call or slogan for migrant workers

Tasking:
 Working Group:
        o To recommend possible activities for the week of action. List of activities will be
            sent out to the workshop participants
        o Coordinate the activities of the migrant network with the activities of other
            sectors to show solidarity
        o Collect national level activities of various migrant network members
        o Creation of an e-group to include all participants of the workshops and other ICN
            participants who want to be included to help coordinate and update on activities.
 Drafting Committee:
        o Draft a consolidated statement with common calls for migration issues.
        o Members: Rex, Irene, Connie
        o Suggested slogans:
                          Migration out of WTO
                          Migrants say no to WTO
                          Migrants are not for sale
                          Stop trading people
                          Migrant Workers are not Commodities
                                 No to the commodification of migrant workers, no to WTO
                                 Migrants and Workers unite against WTO
                                 No GATS no worry


Religious/Interfaith
   Contact Person: Joseph Widyatmadja (facilitator) (CCA-URM) [josefpw@cca.org.hk]

   Points Discussed:
   1.    Faith can provide moral values for society.
   2.    All faiths promote life, which relates to food.
   3.    We need to mobilize religious forces (theological, spiritual, etc.) to counter globalization.
   4.    We should link people of faith and other sectors (labor, women, students, etc.).
   5.    There is a need to restrain the aggression of TNCs that bring their values with them.
   6.    In the 21st century, faith plays both a positive role (promotes moral values) and a
         negative role (influence in the U.S. election and support for the invasion of Iraq, for
         example).
   7.    Today there is the militarization of religion and the religionization of the military (Iraq
         War).
   8.    There is a similarity between religion and the military (―ranks‖ of general, colonel, etc.,
         and bishops, etc.; there is an emphasis on obedience and hierarchy).
   9.    The link between Bush neo-conservatives and the Religious Right was noted.
   10.   Globalization is like a ―crusade,‖ a belief in the ―invisible hand of the market‖; faith in
         the market and faith in democracy is being brought to Iraq.
   11.   Islam is under attack, especially by America. A predominant image of Islam is jihad, etc.
         This attack on Islam is based on politics and economics. We have to work with all
         religious groups to avoid a ―clash of civilizations.‖
   12.   Demonizing Islam is needed to justify the enormous amounts of money spent on defense;
         demonizing Islam is a political tool.
   13.   Osama bin Laden has articulated the concerns of Islamic societies (the domination of
         Muslim countries by the West is at the root of frustration and anger in the Muslim world).
   14.   In recent years, there has been a fundamentalist reaction to globalization (Hindu
         nationalists in India).
   15.   Religion has failed to promote the interests of the poor in the world and to promote
         justice and peace.
   16.   As a long-term response to globalization, we should consider exposure programs that
         bring the poor and middle class face to face. In this way, it is hoped that the poor will
         ―convert‖ the middle-class. The exposure program could include how the WTO affects
         the lives of the poor.
   17.   The middle class in both developed and developing countries may have to give up part of
         the comforts of their lifestyle in order to respond to the needs of the poor.
   18.   Plans by the ecumenical community in Hong Kong to respond to the WTO ministerial
         conference in December include an interfaith workshop on the WTO prior to the WTO
         ministerial conference. The workshop will focus on issues of food, trade and life. Does
         the WTO trade agreement on agriculture support the life of the people, for instance?
   19.   Another possible action includes an interfaith vigil during the WTO conference.
   20.   There is a need to link trade and war. Thus, there could be a Peace Festival and a prayer
         vigil as part of the World Council of Churches (WCC) Decade to Overcome Violence.
         Peace for Life noted that they will organize a Peace Festival that includes a prayer vigil.
   21. The Asian Peace Alliance (APA) is also considering plans for activities during the WTO
       conference.
   22. Grassroots people and their organizations in Palestine and Iraq could come to Hong Kong
       and share the stories of their suffering and problems, but this should also include their
       analyses and vision and plans for change. This should not just portray them as victims.

   Conclusions
   1. The Hong Kong People‘s Alliance (HKPA) will act as the umbrella group under which
      people of faith will seek to respond to the WTO.
   2. A working committee in Hong Kong will include representatives of the following
      organizations:
           Asia Regional Exchange for New Alternatives
           Asian Human Rights Commission
           Catholic Justice and Peace Commission
           Christian Conference of Asia
           Hong Kong Christian Institute
           Mission for Migrant Filipinos
   3. There is a need to invite people from other faith communities in Hong Kong to
      participate on the working committee at a very early stage.
   4. This working committee will keep the international faith community informed of their
      plans for the WTO conference.

Women
  Contact Person: Gigi Francisco (IGTN) [jfrancisco@mc.edu.ph]

   Participants: Women from Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Philippines and Thailand

   Ongoing Global & Regional Initiatives
    IGTN Global education and Consultation activity. Beijing +10 meets WTO +10. A
       workshop on the same subject will be held at the WTO Symposium at Geneva.
    Trade Justice Campaign‘s call for a Global Week of Action during 10 of April to 16 of
                                                                           th              th

     April just prior to the WTO symposium at Geneva, in about 25 countries around the World.
    Asian Indigenous Women‘s Network‘s Second Conference in the Cordilleras, Philippines,
     in April 2005.

   National Level Initiatives
    AMIHAN‘s ―Women Weaving a World Free from WTO and Globalization‖ Peasant
       women and fish workers in Philippines organize national and local protest on 11th and 12th
       of December at Metro Manila, Bohol, Cebu, etc.
      GABRIELA‘s Women‘s Summit on the Impact of the WTO, in June in the Philippines.
      Freedom From Debt Coalition Women‘s Committee - Launching of the Women‘s March
       against Poverty and Globalization on 31st of March, culminating with a women‘s National
       strike in December in Philippines.
      Bina Desa. In Indonesia series of training and workshop on WTO and Women and on
       impact of water Privatization.
      Rally in major cities – Osaka, Tokyo – Japan.
      IGTN & women‘s groups in HK - Workshop on the WTO & impact on women during first
       week of May.

   Common Women’s Initiatives at the People’s Action Week against the WTO, Dec 2005
    APWLD and Asian Indigenous Women‘s Network‘s Speak Out by grassroots women on
     WTO / AOA. Workshop and Tribunal
    IGTN‘s workshop on Beijing +10 Meets WTO + 10
    Women‘s March against Poverty & Globalization in coordination with women workers in
     HK to conduct a workshop on women workers and globalization.
    Women‘s March
    Solidarity Night.
    Press Conference.

Trade, security, and development
   Contact Person: Ramon Bultron (APMM) [apmm@hknet.com]

   Workshop participants agreed on the need to show the relationship between trade (and trade
   conflicts), development, and war. As in previous gatherings of WTO, people‘s movements
   and social movements of various advocacies shall mobilize to oppose the WTO in various
   ways. The run-up to the 6th Ministerial meeting in HK in December comprises a series of
   negotiations and other preparations on one hand, and of parallel actions and mobilizations to
   expose and oppose these on the other. These and other occasions can be availed of to
   highlight the linkage or relationship between trade, development and war.

   1. Activities and actions can be undertaken up to December

    There are a host of events and activities where the linkage between trade and war offer both
     the need and the opportunity.
    The workshop unanimously agreed to endorse the call for a global day of protest on March
     20 against the invasion and occupation of Iraq by the US and its allies.
    The following events were enumerated:
           o April – commemoration of 50 anniversary of Bandung Conference ―Spirit of
                                           th

               Bandung‖ Asia Africa Conference in Jakarta, Indonesia
           o   May – anniversary of nuclear non-proliferation treaty, New York
           o   June – G8 meeting
           o   August – commemoration of 60th anniversary Hiroshima and Nagsaki bombings
           o   September 10 – UN Millennium Summit
           o   November – APEC meeting, Korea

    In addition, the following activities were mentioned and suggested
           o support for boycott of US brands
           o petition letter opposing privatization of services relating to extraction of energy
               resources, especially oil
           o   for the G8 meeting:
                         bus caravans from Africa to EU capitals, parallel report to Africa
                            Commission Report, ―white band action‖
           o   for the MGB meeting:
                         an alternative people‘s report on the Millenium Development Goals,
                            ―Global Call for Action Against Poverty‖
                action or campaign on the weapons trade
                action or campaign on militarism, military intervention and wars of
                    aggression

    Activities for the Week of Action on the HK Ministerial
           o   organize caravan of poor people from all over Asia to Hongkong
           o   mini-conference on ―Trade and War‖
           o   workshops highlighting trade and development, trade and war, trade and people‘s
               rights/human rights – may be part of mini-conference or stand-alone
           o   alternative people‘s report on the WTO and ―free trade‖ globalization

   2. How to coordinate actions
    Proponents of activities or actions are responsible for providing written proposals detailing
     the rationale (eg. How the event or activity is related to the theme, ―Trade and War‖),
     mechanics and design, and means of coordination. Coordination shall mainly be through
     email. All those who attended the workshop will be provided a list of email addresses. A
     proposal was made for an e-group to be set up to facilitate exchange.

   3. How to mobilize towards December
    The events and activities enumerated shall serve as build-up activities for the December
     Week of Action in terms of
         1. education and public information,
         2. network-building,
         3. occasions for coordinated actions and mobilizatons,
         4. exchange of information, research materials, and analysis.
    Organizations and groups shall be encouraged to make national and possibly regional and
     international campaign plans and avail of the network made possible by the HKPA/ICN.

   4. Actions to undertake to derail the WTO HK Ministerial
    The abovementioned activities pertaining to the theme ―Trade and War‖ are an essential
     component to the overall campaign to expose and oppose the WTO by contributing to a
     comprehensive people‘s critique of the WTO and neoliberal ―globalization‖, and
     particularly by linking the WTO and trade issues to the urgent issues of poverty, oppression
     and war and… It will contribute to building the broadest people‘s movement against the
     WTO HK Ministerial by drawing the support and participation of anti-war and peace
     movements worldwide.

Youth and Students
  Contact Person: Lee Khai Loon (ASA) [asasec@netvigator.com]

   Participants: Students and young adults from Thailand, the Philippines, UK, Hong Kong,
   Malaysia, Singapore and Taiwan.

   At the outset, the group‘s consensus is that youth and students would feel the impact of WTO
   policies mostly in the area of education and employment. The common experience shared is
   that education is rapidly being commercialized and privatized. Governments are increasingly
   pressurized by WTO to grant corporations access to privatizing education.

   Some of the results of commercialization of education are that school fees have increased,
   thereby further reducing access to education by students of poorer families. Students who had
   to take up student loans to finance their studies may find themselves saddled with debt and
   high interest repayment even before they can seek gainful employment.
Another interesting sharing by a Thai participant is that while medical interns from public
schools were previously available to provide medical care in rural villages, private education
has rendered this service unavailable to communities where it is most needed.

Further, when education is directed by commercial interests, students are usually trained to
fulfill employment requirements rather than educated to unfold their creative potential.
Humanity subjects and art classes are readily replaced with more pragmatic subjects like
business, IT and biotechnology eg Hong Kong. The superficiality of commercialized
education has led one Filipino participant to comment that students may find themselves
merely ―buying certificates‖.

However, the reality is that high cost education nowadays does not even guarantee
employability. The students‘ market-oriented training renders them vulnerable to economic
booms and busts. In times of depression, especially sectoral depression eg in IT, fresh
graduates may find themselves unemployed for months or even years. The problem can be
acute for debt ridden students, or students from lower income families or those with
retrenched family members in need of financial support.

A Taiwanese participant observed that with the high cost of education, many students have
been driven to download material from the Internet or photocopy textbooks, which may at
times lead to copyright infringement. It was suggested that intellectual property protectionism
should be reduced in areas of public education.

Separately, while youth gatherings are increasingly criminalized eg gatherings of 3 or more
youths above 16 years of age in UK are presumed to be illegal, youth engagement in military
service is compulsory eg Taiwan, Singapore and/or encouraged through attractive scholarship
programs.

The above reflection has led the group to strategise as follows : -

1. What activities and actions can we do before and during the Week of Action in HK?
 End April – publication on ―WTO and its impact on Youth & Students‖ (or such title) to be
  disseminated to students through faulty emails and post boxes.
 July/ August – regional youth assemblies in Asia, Europe on WTO and to discuss further
  specific strategies for derailing WTO
 17 Nov – International Day of Action
 13 to 18 Dec – International Youth & Students‘ Gathering

2. How can we coordinate our actions?
 Through email and egroup discussions.

3. How can we mobilize people in our respective organizations and networks during the
   action week in HK? What restrictions and risks do we foresee and how do we deal with
   them?
 Examination period for students especially in Hong Kong. Youths in Hong Kong and
  Singapore for eg are unaware/ apathetic to issues on WTO, globalization and their effects
  on education and employment.
 Organisations and networks in this movement would have to focus more efforts in
  conscientising the youths in the respective countries to the issues, in the build-up to the
     action week in December. Eg material can be disseminated to teachers facilitating
     discussions on globalisation in classes.

   4. What actions can we undertake in order to derail the WTO?
    Youths, being the future leaders should take an active role and lead in the efforts to derail
     the WTO. The emphasis would not necessarily be on the number of participants but the
     creative imput in maximizing the impact of their message eg through film/ multi media.
    The emphasis for the youth and students gathering during the action week would therefore
     have to be as cultural and vibrant as possible, both to attract interest and participation.
     There could be a series of concerts by activist musicians, performances by concerned
     artists, social media/art displays. If space permits, there could be a ―model‖ classroom
     suggesting the types of education and environment in which students should receive their
     education. There should also be public forums for spontaneous speeches or ―graffiti‖
     boards for youth articulation/ art and crafts.
    The spontaneous liveliness and aliveness of youth-directed education should stand in strong
     ridicule of the dull market-serving and exploitative WTO-driven educational policies
     negotiated behind closed doors.

Thematic Workshops
AoA
  Contact Person: Minnie Lopez (National Federation of Peasant Women – Philippines)
                      [mightyminnie@gmail.com]

   Participants: More than 50 individuals from 11 countries

    There was a brief discussion on the ―monkey wrenching‖ concept led by Tony Tujan.
     Tony also discussed possible points of discussion on the AoA which may be taken up on
     the 6th Ministerial.
    There was also a brief discussion on the possible position of China in the upcoming
     ministerial.
    As for the action plan, the Asian Peasant Coalition (APC) through Danilo Ramos and Irene
     Fernandez presented and discussed their plans and activities for the coming ministerial in
     December in Hong Kong and these are the following:
           o   Dec 11, 2005 – there will be support mobilizations in the Philippines for the
               December 11 mobilization in Hong Kong. On this day, there will be a Rural
               People‘s Countdown in the Philippines to be led by the Peasant Movement of the
               Philippines (KMP). Similar actions will also be held nationwide by the National
               Federation of Peasant Women (AMIHAN- Philippines).
           o   Dec 14-15 (Hong Kong) – workshop on the AoA (impact and resistance) bearing
               the theme: ―10 Years of the AoA: Global Catastrophe for Agricultural
               Producers‖
           o   Dec 15 (Hong Kong) – Rural Peoples March Against the WTO
           o   Dec 16 (Hong Kong) – WFFP and Pamalakaya-Philippines‘ HK Bayside
               Conference
           o   Dec17 (Hongkong) – Amihan-Phil, Asian Peasant Women Network (APWN)
               and APWLD-led Rural Women‘s March
                     Pm – Rural Peoples Solidarity Affair
           o   These activities are open for everybody
           o   These activities are co-sponsored by the PANAP,WFFP, APWN, APWLD
      Peasants from Korea shared their experiences also
      The importance of local, regional and international activities against the AoA/WTO was
       recognized as crucial and vital in the December actions in Hong Kong.


FTA
  Contact Person: Omana George (AMRC) [omana@amrc.org.hk]

   Participants: 18 participants

   Action plan:
   1. The suggestion for the global action week should have an educational and media aspect.
       Each day of the week should focus on one theme.
   2. Open Forum on FTA during the Action Week will be on one of the days- with inputs
       from different sectors and countries (e.g.) labour, gender, health sector) and country
       inputs (e.g.) Australia, Philippines, Bangladesh etc.
   3. Post ICN and before December- a series of education and mobilisation activities in their
       country and networks based on what the work they do. These activities are to raise public
       awareness about FTA and what they mean in the daily lives of the common man. It is
       also easier to create plans and work with each other based on the FTA‘s that the
       individual countries have signed otherwise it will be impractical to carry out the action
       plan
   4. There was a suggestion to have an action at the airport when the officials from respective
       countries are departing for the WTO meeting.
   5. A global coordinated protest on the same day in different countries where they will
       pressurize the WTO delegates by public protest/ action outside the U.S embassy and also
       embassies of other countries who have signed bilateral and multilateral agreements with
       the host country
   6. A delegation from the South to meet Govt officials at the General council meeting in
       Geneva

   Minutes of the meeting
   Patricia Ranald of Australian Fair Trade and Investment Network gave an input on FTA‘s in
   Australia. They are working on bilateral free trade agreements in China – Australia,
   N.Zealand- Australia, and ASEAN- Australia; zero tariffs in agriculture and manufacturing
   and extending intellectual property rights. The policy of the US Government is to get more
   than they can get from bilateral FTA‘s by getting into the policy making process of the WTO.
   Australian agenda is greater and faster to markets. Thailand and China being the future
   markets. Looking for better conditions for investors and investments. Terms of mobilising
   against the passing of FTA‘s in relation to the China agreement. After 15 months of
   mobilising they achieved some impacts on negotiation but could not defeat the agreement so
   it is now being implemented and they are going to monitor the medical access. They carried
   out mobilisation in different communities, in the service sector and regulations regarding
   health sector and food (genetic engineering)

   Jacques- Chai of Focus Asia – Thailand has 11 bilateral and multilateral agreements. They
   carried out a FTA watch during the APEC summit in late 2003.
   ASEAN- China – ongoing in the moment. The bad impact of the FTA is the fear of flooding
   agricultural products in the Thai market and that‘s why the Government has not restarted
   negotiations.
   He also highlighted the importance of being involved in the ministerial meeting in Geneva
   (general council). There will be some upcoming drafts and the first one will be completed in
   July, then there will be other upcoming drafts before December. The importance of trying to
   influence the outcome of these meetings even if we do not have any direct participation.

   The US tactic has been to divide and rule- this can apply cross national and cross sector
   (farmers and workers ; textile markets compete with each other) Thais are very afraid that if
   they do not get the FTA‘s the competition will be much worse since they have 1 million Thai
   workers.

   Norma from KMU gave an example of Toyota and she said that the whole strategy of the
   company to ‗improve‘ the business environment meaning that since the labour is too costly
   and KMU is a problem. They want to encourage the formation of yellow unions. Therefore,
   co-operation with Japanese union groups is needed in order to plan a series of actions.

   Tomako Oda from the International Center for Labor Solidarity – After Cancun collapsed the
   Govt. started negotiations with ASEAN. There was already joint co-operation with the
   Korean group. There was joint action with Korean and Japanese trade unions in front of
   foreign ministries. Because of this joint action the Korean Government was very hesitant
   towards FTA‘s. Therefore, the Japanese Government does not want to disclose FTA matters
   instead of that they want to ‗improve‘ the business environment meaning to control the labour
   movement and stop the struggle.

   In relation to the various inputs above, there were further comments from the representatives
   of Bangladesh, Taiwan and the Philippines.

   Questions raised
   How can we influence the negotiators before they go to the Ministerial meeting?
   How can we influence them before and during the week of action?
   How do we engage local Governments and government officials?

GATS
  Contact Person: Mary Lou Malig (Focus on the Global South) [marylou@focusweb.org]

   Participants: 105 participants

   Summary/Key Points:
   1) Calendar of actions, meetings and key points of mobilizations (e.g. deadline of offers,
      requests, GATS negotiations, GC meetings, etc)
   2) GATS Day – a dedicated day to GATS within the week of action in December in Hong
      Kong: there will be plenaries, sectoral workshops, seminars and discussions inside and
      there will be a public demonstration on GATS
   3) Common mobilization on GATS during the week of action
   4) Listserve of all GATS campaigners to continue discussion and coordination

   Discussion:
   a) Current Gats Actions/Campaigns
      ―Resist GATS‖ campaign –> involving 12 sectors; mobilization; analyzing requests and
       offers made by governments to WTO
   ―People not for sale‖ campaign – GATS, TRIPS and their impacts; covering Asia, Mid-
   East, Americas; privatization of health services; liberalization, commodification of health
   care;
  coordinating People‘s Health is Not for Sale Campaign – GATS and TRIPS and effects
   on healthcare – network created 2 years ago – focuses on issues of privatization and
   impact on healthcare – launched healthcare movement
  Initiative and campaign to develop a ―Convention on Cultural Diversity‖ – pressure
   governments to stop signing TRIPS; want to coordinate Geneva actions with country-
   based actions on this issue; during GATS week in Hong Kong in Deccember, will
   coordinate cultural related actions; international culture sector – convention of cultural
   diversity – pressure governments not to sign away cultural rights to GATS, audiovisual
   services and other cultural services; meeting hosted by the Canadian government and
   with Brasilian Culture Minister Gilberto Gil – coordinate that with national level
   campaigns – there will be more information around that. GATS week in December.
   Lobbying effort by higher educational unions pressure governments demanding GATS
   and governments pressured to accept
 Action plan against WTO – education and mobilizations in HK – Dec 18 (International
   migrants days) – mobilization; education training/activities on WTO among migrants
   throughout the year; action on Intl women‘s Day (Mar 13); mobilization on May 1; June
   2005 – concert on migrants/WTO together with Filipino musicians; April 2005, August –
   Indonesian migrants in HK doing mobilizations, assemblies; public debate in HK on
   WTO;
        - all the members are holding a training on the WTO on GATS mode 4,
            International Women‘s Day celebration and will discuss GATS, also on Labor
            day, also a concert with Hong Kong and Filipino musicians, December 11,
            cultural night and December 18 – International Migrants Day, March from
            Victoria Park to Central, August 17 Indonesian Independence Day – WTO will
            be tackled,
 Migrants Rights Intl (Intl network; Geneva) – WTO interventions in Geneva bringing
   Asian migrants‘ issues; public debate will be organized in Geneva;
 Migrant Forum in Asia (Asian regional) – Asia-wide campaign against WTO
 research on impacts of GATS on developing countries; impact assessments from various
   continents; will present in a panel discussion; recommend policy agendas; assess impacts
   of GATS on tourism in developing countries, looking for groups based in other countries
   to take up the assessment and training in their own countries
 Policy services International (international group) - campaign on quality public services;
   anti privatization campaigns of affiliates; campaign launched in 2005 in Asia; campaign
   on women migrants in the health sector; education activities on this issue, GATS Mode 4;
   campaign on quality public services – campaign on anti-privatization, women and the
   migration of health workers – possible effects of mode 4 and marginalization of women
   workers
 Vietnam: negotiations with government on agriculture-related WTO matters; linking with
   Oxfam ‗fair trade campaign‘
 Philippines: Women‘s march against poverty and privatization; culminate in a general
   women‘s strike in Philippines in time for WTO Ministerial meeting in HK;
 Asian Network on Debt & Development (regional network)– campaign on debt, jobs,
   water, GATS privatization of public services, etc.; AsPac partners will form campaign
   plans for whole 2005; total, unconditional debt cancellation for all poor countries of the
   South, including tsunami-hit countries; will synchronize actions in time for WTO
   ministerial meeting
       ASA/Youth groups – are organizing activities throughout the year; national and
        regional/international levels; network is mobilizing youth organizations in the
        region/world as contribution to general campaign vs. WTO; youth-students conference in
        July 2005 in Geneva; international students‘ day of action (July 17); Youth-Student
        festival on Dec 14-17; invite other youth orgs to join these efforts.
       Solidarity of Filipino worker (BMP) – conduct a series of meeting to inform our affiliate
        unions regarding the plan to derail the WTO 6th Ministerial meeting in Hong Kong; BMP
        will also initiate to have ―Manila Labor Forum‖ on November to be attended by different
        labor group internationally and one of the main agenda are WTO/GATS and ―war on
        terrorism‖ – we in BMP welcome all trade unions and other groups to attend the said
        ―Manila Labor Forum‖ on November 27-30 and on the last day November 30, 2005 there
        will be a big mobilization and also planning to have a big mobilization during the week
        of action.

b) How Our Struggles Can Converge; How We Can Work Together; Specific Areas To Address
a. continue our country and network-level initiatives;
b. need to do more effective, joint ‗monkey wrenching‘ efforts, coordinated actions; suggest to
   have common actions on issues, e.g.
           migrants
           debt
           cultural
           health
           environment
           transport, communication
           tourism
           public services (power, water, etc.)
c. suggest to have common dates for action, e.g.
           common, global actions leading to and during Dec 2005 – in respective countries;
              launch actions in Greater China area (Hong Kong, Taiwan, Macau, Mainland
              China?)
           joint action in Hong Kong in Dec 2005; Action Week  respective themes/sectors
              have to articulate their key issues … then we develop common position together for
              presentation in Dec;
           need to communicate our key issues/positions including to workers in respective
              countries/China (translate, popularise) so they will know our issues;
d. engage our respective governments – pressure them to be more transparent re: WTO/GATS
   matters
e. suggest to do common campaign on GATS Mode 4 – this is a key WTO-related issue for
   migrants
           do intensive seminars among migrants;
           migrants join mobilizations, visible campaigns in HK during Action Week e.g.
            through MFA, AMC, etc.; link these actions, demands with partners in Geneva (e.g.
            thru MRI) so they can raise our issues there.
f. suggest to form e-group to communicate and coordinate our actions;
g. suggest to consolidate and circulate the list/calendar of our activities, campaigns, important
   WTO-related dates; complement each others‘ efforts, invite each other, check if our activities
   relate with WTO events;
h. suggest to have common website
i. educational materials – suggest to share, centralize existing educational materials; can also
   put these in the web; existing groups doing this (e.g. GATSWATCH) can take care of this.
j. suggest to have common slogan/s;
k. Action week
          list all activities during this week (activities in Hong Kong and all over the world?)
          suggest to have our own workshop in Dec and do common mobilization on GATS in
            Dec;
             suggest to have panel discussions on GATS in Dec; then this will lead to a
                 GATS-march;
l. circulate a list of groups doing ―inside‖ and ―outside‖ campaigns against WTO, so that we
   can reinforce and help each other;

NAMA
  Contact Person: Gigi Francisco (IGTN) [jfrancisco@mc.edu.ph]

    Participants: Trade activists, unionists, migrants organizations, fisher-folk and farmers
                  networks, and women‘s organizations. We came from several countries from
                  Asia Europe & North America.

    What is NAMA?
    NAMA is a series of negotiations within the WTO aimed at reducing tariffs on industrial
    products. Its real scope, however, is much wider because NAMA integrates into its rubric any
    product that falls outside of agriculture. In addition to industrial products, this includes
    natural and environmental products such as fisheries, forestry, precious metals, and gems,
    among others.

    NAMA is an important component in the current WTO negotiations. It is contained in the
    text of the July Framework, as ANNEX B. Because our advocacy in Cancun was strongly
    focused on the AoA and the Singapore issues, most activists did not immediately realize that
    NAMA or Annex B went through with a very detailed proposal for reducing tariffs on a wide
    scope of sectors.

    However, it is important to note that paragraph 1 of Annex B also explicitly states that its
    content still needs to be negotiated and agreed upon. The developing countries are conscious
    of this fact hence they refrain from using the exact language found in Annex B so as not to
    establish a language norm. The developed countries, on the other hand, are liberal in using
    the language of Annex B and are treating the NAMA as if it were already a done deal. These
    include the US, New Zealand, Australia, Switzerland, EU, etc.

    Critical Issues
    Although there are still many activists who do not fully understand the NAMA, there are a
    few who had done some work on it and found the following critical issues:

    1. The current proposal for tariff reduction is asking countries to harmonize their tariff
       levels and cut tariffs more steeply. Developing countries will be most affected by this
       since they have generally higher tariffs. This raises the issues of restricted policy space
       and lack of flexibility for governments that would like to protect their industrialization
       process. The loss of such policy space and flexibility would redound to practically a de-
       industrialization process. It will also lead to a lost in much needed revenue to support
       their development and poverty eradication programs.
    2. A large percentage of products in developing countries are not bound; the NAMA
       requires 100 percent coverage across all sectors. It bounds developing countries to tariff
      ceilings and measures that cannot be unbound in the future. This will have dramatic and
      simultaneous effects on various sectors of a country‘s economy, if implemented.
   3. The issue of non tariff barriers potentially impinges on environmental and health
      standards and raises the complex question of what are legitimate or illegitimate non tariff
      barriers?
   4. Two other issues were mentioned but were not discussed due to lack of time. These were:
      (a) sectoral initiatives and (b) preference erosion.

   What do we watch out for?
   1. The WTO negotiations on NAMA are going full steam. The committee chair has
      announced that there will be week-long meetings on NAMA every month with the
      objective of hammering out an agreement in time for the 6th WTO Ministerial Meeting. It
      is important to know that the next mini ministerial in Kenya will focus on NAMA.
   2. There is still no G-20 like position among developing countries on the issue of NAMA
      although recently there was a strong statement on NAMA at the Davos mini-ministerial,
      by countries, such as, China, Brazil, South Africa.
   3. NAMA could still be used by developed countries to trade off concessions in agriculture
      and GATS. What we should do is to turn this around and use NAMA to stick out as a
      sore thumb that could stall the negotiations.

   What can we do?
   1. Activists based in the North should ―remind‖ their government of Paragraph 1 and stop
      them from using NAMA as if it were already agreed upon. Activists based in the South
      should emphasize to their governments the existence of Paragraph 1 and demand that
      they refrain from agreeing to NAMA without adequate assessments on the impact of
      variously proposed tariff formulas. Support the call already made by FOE to STOP AND
      REVIEW THE NEGOTIATIONS.
   2. Some groups in Geneva are planning to hold a two-day strategy session on NAMA before
      the WTO Symposium in April. This could be an opportunity to unite on a common
      analysis of NAMA.
   3. Demand that governments to protect their policy space and flexibility to adopt a mix of
      policies and to vigorously oppose WTO moves of locking-in countries to bound
      commitments that will only lead to de-industrialization.
   4. Undertake impact assessments on development and poverty of unilateral or IMF imposed
      tariff reduction schemes, to provide evidence for the adverse impact of NAMA on
      poverty eradication.
   5. Create a Listserve on NAMA to share information. Make the OWINFS list serve on
      NAMA an open Listserve for any group interested to join.
   6. Vigorously undertake education on NAMA at the national level.

Working Groups
Action and Mobilization
   Contact Person: Tam Chun Yin (HKCTU) [yintam@hkctu.org.hk]

   Participants: 18 participants

   1. Mechanism
       Through E-group to suggesting, managing and monitor actions working group is for
       implementing and promote activities, especially with local people. They can help to
        provide risk assessment according to local context. The local groups can also provide
        logistic help.
   2. Framework
   3. Non-violent
   4. road to HK Mobilization

    The principle of the alliance is respecting any form of actions
    HKPA can provide logistic support
    Should the role of HKPA be the organizer of the activities? There was an suggestion of
     asking HKPA to organize one to two big actions (Opening and closing Session)
    Groups can organize activities with other local groups
    Translation
    Will HKPA go inside WTO?
    There will be different issues on different days. The group encouraged other groups to list
     down their activities so that the activities can be arranged without conflicting each other.
    Designated area for Media and events


Documentation
   Contact Person: Sharon Schroeder (DAGA) [sharon@daga.org.hk]

   Participants: 11 participants

   Aims
   1. Provide other people with information on the WTO and the Hong Kong People‘s
      Alliance on WTO (HKPA), in terms of position papers and activities.
   2. Document the process between now and the WTO‘s ministerial meeting in Hong Kong in
      December.

   Specific Functions
   A. Website
           a. Rebuild HKPA website, to put messages/information from different countries on
              the internet
           b. Sort different messages/information according to country, as well as topics
              (labour, women, environment, peasants/farmers, youth and students, migrants,
              religious/interfaith, fisher folk, indigenous people, and other topics discussed at
              ICN)
           c. Build a media library about news of counter-activities, to include various types of
              media like video.
           d. Coordinate website activities between other ICN working groups
   B. Archive
           a. Collect physical information relating to counter-activities from now up to and
              including December, including pamphlets, brochures, books, banners, other types
              of media.
           b. Ask participants of the December action week to send information to us before
              they come in December.
   C. Secretariat (with core group)
           a. Develop guidelines to be used by secretariat as well as all ICN participants to
              properly organize files and assist in developing archive. For example, back up e-
              mails and electronic documents.
D. December Action Week Activities
      a. Develop electronic newsletter to be published every day during the event
      b. Document all activities and disseminate information.

Recommendations
1. Hire full time staff as soon as possible, to coordinate activities of the working group,
   including developing/implementing website.
2. Form a core group from the larger Documentation Working Group, to be from the local
   Hong Kong community (comprising members of HKCTU, APMM, ASA, DAGA)

General Discussion
Immediate Tasks
  In general, we will be gathering information, updates, a calendar of activities from each
country from now until December. We will also collect minutes from the meetings of all ICN
activities.
  Is it possible to have a Documentation Centre to collect information?

Website
   Link to five or ten of the most important materials from past WTO meetings, as we have
little experience in regard to WTO issues.
   We can develop a media library, where we can link to video of the South Korean farmer in
Cancun. Labour groups in Taiwan held a film festival on globalization.
   Area of materials to collect: Sectors as developed during the ICN (labour, peasants/farmers,
youth and students, migrants, women, religious/interfaith, fisher folk, indigenous people,
children, trade and security; NAMA, AoA, TRIPS, GATS, FTA). These areas will be
organized by country and by topic. We will also update on HKPA events/activities, including
those of the working groups.
   Our electronic documents will be gathered and consolidated from both searching through
related messages as well as from articles sent by other people. Format should be cross-
platform/language (e.g. PDF). We want to collect information and materials in all languages.
Even if an article is not translated, we will still collect the original document in the original
language.
   It would be good to find resource people from different countries from the larger ICN
group who would send information to us.

December Action Week
  In December, it would be helpful to develop and distribute guidelines for participant
groups, so that DWG members are not running around for every activity. We can assign four
or five people to each activity, to take photos.
  There will be many tasks to cover the activities in December, so the DWG will outline
tasks that need to be done, and we will advertise for help from others. We will need to
consolidate information and updates from the WTO meeting, as well as counter-activities.
  The DWG will be responsible for documenting the opening and closing activities, and any
HKPA-organized activities. Other organizers of parallel activities during the week will be
asked for their documents for our archive.
  The DWG will develop publications or possibly a magazine from the action week.
  There needs to be an office where people can ask questions.

General Considerations
Guidelines:
     We need a set of guidelines to take care that notes are gathered at the secretariat, so that
   they are properly organized and available. The guidelines should include such technical
   details as creating regular weekly or daily backups of work.

   Coordination:
     It would be good to have a documentation editor to organize and sort through information.
   There needs to be coordination with the other working groups from the ICN.
     Local coordination is most helpful, as so much is based in Hong Kong, in terms of website
   hosting, and activities. Having bilingual (Cantonese/English) skills is very helpful.
     Hiring a part-time documentalist to maintain the website would be extremely helpful, as
   there is much work involved. The documentalist would collect information from other groups
   involved, as well as develop press kits or disseminate other requested information.
     If this is not possible, it would be good to hire a staff for two or three months before the
   December Action Week. Would it be possible for an organization to give a leave during this
   period or volunteer a staff to do this?
     The core Hong Kong coordinating group can be a back-up for the hired staff.
   Representatives from ASA, APMM, HKCTU, and DAGA will combine resources to form the
   group. They would be responsible for designing the website after there is a detailed structure
   developed.

   Members’ Skills:
     It would be good to have a database of people‘s skills, which could be used as we see
   needs. Some members might be good at editing, collecting information, taking photos,
   writing.
     Eef will supply links for the website, as well as being a general resource for documenting
   and archiving.

Logistics and Finance
   Contact Person: Elizabeth Tang (HKCTU) [elizabeth@hkctu.org.hk]

   Participants: 6 participants

   1. The logistic group should focus only on the facilitation during the action week of MC6
   2. The HKPA will not have capacity to arrange accommodation for the overseas participants.
      However HKPA can provide contacts of hotels and travel agencies to the overseas group.
      It would help the overseas participants if that kind of information can be uploaded on the
      web-site by the end of April.
   3. The HKPA will provide facilitation of renting recreation camps for the alliance have big
      numbers of participants who can not afford hotel fees. However the alliances who want to
      stay in that kind of camp need to confirm the number of participants and send deposit for
      the rental by the end of July.
   4. Since HKPA will organise big open forum and rally, it is important for the national
      network, regional and international network to inform HKPA about the number of people
      going to come to MC6. HKPA needed that information by August.
   5. HKPA will recruit volunteer interpreter in different language for the action week
      activities.
   6. HKPA will develop a rescue team to handle police arrest during the rally. Besides, HKPA
      will develop public assembly monitoring mechanism with local human rights
      organisation and lawyers.
   7. HKPA will meet with the immigration department to clarify the immigration policy
      during the MC6.

   HKPA should facilitate a venue for communication among the participants.

Media and Publicity
  Contact Person: Rey Asis (ASA) [reyasis1@yahoo.com]

   Summary of Key Points/Proposals
   1) press center with translators
           A press centre will be put up in the HKPA/NGO site. Interpreters will be placed there
           to help in writing statements in various languages (depending on their expertise).
   2) live webcast
           We will have a live feed on the net coming from the events happening in the
           HKPA/NGO site.
   3) journalist accreditation
           Journalists will be given accreditation in the HKPA/NGO site before they are
           allowed entry.
   4) MSN linked to website
   5) Inside-outside strategy
           There will be coordination and communication between the organizations inside and
           outside the WTO site.
   6) Regional/independent press and radio
           We would need a listing of regional/independent media organizations and radio
           whom we can work with before and during the WTO MC6.
   7) Pre-meeting journalist e.g.: ―real Cancun tour‖
   8) Daily newspaper/ bulletin in different languages
           The press centre will release a daily news bulletin about the whole WTO, HKPA and
           NGO happenings.
   9) Website with related issues/organizations
           A website will be put up and related issues/organizational activities will be uploaded.
   10) Further discussion to decide bottom line
   11) Media training for activists
   12) Directory of organizations for press and press list for organizations
   13) Develop media strategy working document - media team will send out a proposed draft
       media strategy and develop this until group reaches consensus
           Develop media strategy on clearing the image of the HKPA and our campaigns while
           putting the government in the defensive.
   14) Position on non-violence: adopt position of HKPA on violence
   15) HKPA to act as facilitator to open space for organizations to speak
   16) Quick response team (e.g. arrests)
   17) December 18 is not the end of our movement
   18) WTO guide for dummies (journalists/media)
   19) Resource information

   Notes:
    Proposals:
   1) press center
   2) live ―webcast‖
   3) SEATINI proposal for technology SMS
4) Community radios, independent radios
5) Compile progressive journalists, media solicit these names
6) Wire services, regional news agencies
7) Pre-events for journalists ex: tour of real Cancun
8) Daily newspaper, bulletin, monitoring
9) Translation
10) People¹s gathering profiling grassroots people
11) Calendar of events, after this HK meeting, list we circulate some events happening in
    HK, if they¹re interested pave the way for December

   Issue of who speaks for who, develop shared media list of contacts, will they be flooded
    with information
   how to respond to the media, media strategy, information not a problem
   violence political discussion, derail or not to derail? More discussion HKPA with the
    international friends, HKPA already has promotional material
   FOE prefer organizations speak for themselves
   insulate HKPA as a facilitator body, create a space can have seemingly contradictory
    views
   where we will need a position is violence anti-neoliberal globalization consistent
    position on violence and facilitation
   call for all of us to send materials and distribute to the press and have a pro-active
    position on violence; HKPA has already said police led violence
   plurality of positions, line that we don‘t go e.g.: Cancun Oxfam said that it was a
    disaster for developing countries, not be scared to say that we have lines that we don¹t
    share; violence Cancun and Koreans‘ role in Cancun, fact that fence came under attack,
    disciplined actions, they were not violent towards people, there was direct action to the
    barriers, violence we be careful of what we say
   media groups have additional responsibility to translate the story into a favorable story
   we have to recognize different positions HKPA would not tell people to stop but they are
    just explaining to the Chinese media, we will not denounce other organizations
   it is important that we draw a line Australia example of infiltration
   violence: example the corporate violence against workers
   Cancun barricades were successful because the police were tolerant, don‘t know how it
    will be here in Hong Kong
   put up easy accessible way of communicating our stories
   migrant workers their job security is on the line if we get violent
   as a collective we endorse non-violence, certain code of behavior
   3 positions: 1) convergence 2) divergence with solidarity 3) divergence w/o solidarity
   we don‘t necessarily condemn violence if it happens subsequently, we can respond
    appropriately, we start with the position of non-violence
   position: main message but hesitant to draw lines and make definite lines
   position its a process issue, main conclusion: we have had no space to have a discussion
    on political positioning, problematic in practical terms
   drawing the line on non-violence, look at previous statements and see if we can produce
    something in the coming weeks
   media in Cancun whipped people up into a frenzy because of non-violent actions
   arrests
   media training, one un-thoughtful comment from any of us can ruin things but we should
    show solidarity we should not condemn people we know that the press misquote people
   Prague: responsibility to the hosts, movement there is damaged because of our presence
    there, we are violent people
        inside actions different, responsibility to each other
        position: most of us are committed to derailing, but now its more difficult, there is a
         messaging issue
        extra careful with dealing issue of violence, being played up by the WTO, if we continue
         to discuss it, this will stay till December, we should discuss other issues
        develop a media strategy from now till December, message framing, gets into a 2-3 pages
         communication plan
        improvement of a suggestion: bring the media team here ahead of time HKPA can brief
         people and have a local briefing about papers/media here in HK
        drawing the line: related to your countries, your organization, your sectors that org be
         responsible for that; but on the WTO- we have to have an alliance, we have to appoint a
         few people, pragmatic issues, we have to think about it; non-violent depend on people
         and barriers
        derail, its all divergent positions,
        resource information


Outreach
  Contact Person: Li Khai Loon (ASA) [asasec@netvigator.com]

   Function:
   1. Information Education Campaign: National, Regional and International Networks
         circulation of the materials
         make information multi-lingual: key languages used in the region
         establish an E-group
         maximize the function of the website: interactive, will contain list of groups in the
           HKPA, will provide contact details of networks, online registration, etc
         venues to reach out to marginalized sectors: conferences, for a, info packers on WTO

   2. Coordinate/Be involved in HKPA Plans to:
        forward to HKPA the inputs on activities, plan of action of networks
        disseminate/circulate POA & activities of organizations among the networks

   Suggestion to HKPA:
       Come out with a name for the December event
       Identified networks who could be pact of the Outreach WG classified into sectors and
          issues
       Need to link more with organizations in Middle East, Latin America, Africa, Central
          Asia, Pacific Islands and Eastern Europe
       How to work with other HKPA Working Groups particularly Finance, Media and
          Publicity, Documentation.


Program
   Contact Person: Ah Tat (HKCTU) [mungsiutat@hkctu.org.hk]

    1.     Roles of Programme Workshop Group (PWG)
           1.1 Key roles of the Programme Workshop Group were identified as:
               To propose the HKPA on Action Week programme
               To focus on coordination of the Centralised Open and Closing Plenary
             Sessions on Dec 13 and 18th
            To facilitate and coordinate the programme for the rest of the action week
      1.2 PWG would design and come out with the programme plan and event calendar of
          the Action Week on Dec 11 – 18. It would include also the centralized and
          thematic programmes.
      1.3 It was proposed to find out more information about the 2000 registered NGOs for
          better coordination and developing inside/outside strategy.

2. Goal of PWG
    2.1 The goal of PWG was identified as
         To develop content and design of maximum impact through collective action
            for the centralised Opening and Closing Plenary Sessions on Dec 13 and Dec
            18
         To coordinate all the on-going/planned activities for Dec 14-17 and produce a
            calendar of consolidated activities based on the theme and sectors for each day

3. Principle of PWG
    3.1 Activities should be planned with flexibility and open space for interaction and
          support of each other in various activities each day.
    3.2 The platform should be made open for people who did not join this ICN
          workshop to join in.

4. Content and Design of the Action Week
    4.1 It was agreed that the Action Week in Hong Kong would be held on 11 – 18 Dec.
    4.2 It was agreed to acknowledge the actions and mobilization worldwide related to
         the International Human Right Day on 10 December as part of the Action Week.
         The International Migrant Day on 18 December would be highlighted in the
         Centralized Closing Plenary of the Action Week.
    4.3 A Centralized Mobilization would be arranged on 11 Dec in Hong Kong as it
         would be easier to mobilize more people on Sunday to make the impact highly
         visible. It was agreed to arrange a second centralized mobilization on the MC6
         Opening Day on 13 Dec to enhance impact – it could start with a Hong Kong-led
         cultural event so as to highlight the characteristic of Hong Kong and China.
    4.4 It was emphasized that strong core message or declaration should be made
         through the Centralized Opening Plenary to address different targets categorized
         as 1) media; 2) public; 3) negotiators and 4) WTO.
    4.5 It was decided to keep content and design of the Centralized Opening Plenary
         Sessions open to accommodate more suggestions and proposals especially from
         those who could not join this ICN meeting. Suggestions collected in the group
         discussion include:
         The centralized opening plenary session should be conducted in open air
            outdoor to represent the characteristic of social grassroot movement
         grassroot presentation must be made visible and speak out should present with
            rich cultural diversity
         there is a need to balance grassroot presentation with ‗personality‘
         the Opening Plenary should highlight major issues of MC6 and potentially also
            include an assessment of 10 years of WTO impact, state of the art of the
            struggle of the world against WTO, WTO agenda and processes, as well as
            drawing the link between globalization and peace
    4.6 The group had diverted view regarding the suggestion of setting thematic
         sessions for the period of Dec 14-17. It was agreed options should be kept open
                to accommodate more suggestions and proposals from organizations which
                cannot join this ICN conference. Communication with the Action and
                Mobilization Working Group was also identified as essential.
      4.7       To facilitate the programme dated 14-17 Dec, it was suggested that HKPA
                should play a coordinative role to develop a programme calendar.
      4.8       In view of uncertainty about the outcome and closing date of MC6, it was agreed
                not to draw solid plan nor developing centralized statement for the Centralized
                Closing Plenary Session at this stage. It was agreed that the International
                Migrant Day would be highlighted on Dec 18.
      4.9       Other suggestions or remarks made in the discussion of PWG include:
                 there is a need to develop inside/outside strategies to bring along strong impact.
                  International organizations‘ input would be essential for developing the inside
                  strategy
                 education work in Hong Kong, national or regional level should be arranged
                  well before MC6 while the action week should focus on demonstrating strong
                  resistance against WTO.
                 High level dialogue should be arranged during the Action Week
                 It is suggested to set up a notice board in open area for organizations to post
                  highlights and seeking signature for position paper.
                 Good coordination among different Working Groups would be absolutely
                  essential.
                 It was note that Peace for Life planned to conduct a cultural festival on 13 Dec.

5. Next Step
    5.1 It was agreed that platform should be kept free for people to join in the Action
          Week and Outreach group should follow this up.
    5.2 HKPA would send a report of the workshop to all Programme Working Group
          Members by the end of March.
    5.3 HKPA would send invitation for submission of ideas and plan of thematic
          programme to other people participate in this meeting in Apr 2005. All members
          were expected to outreach wider participation via their own network. Deadline
          for response was tentatively set as Aug 2005.
    5.4 The Programme Working Group members will maintain close communication
          via emailing and e-group. Telephone conference would be called up whenever
          necessary.

6   HKPA’s role
     6.1 It was clarified that HKPA‘s role in PWG is to collect ideas and advices from
         organisations of all countries and develop a realistic proposal about what to do.
     6.2 HKPA will focus on coordinating the programme for 13 and 18 Dec, and try to
         offer assistance to request raised from different organisations which plan to
         conduct actions for the period of Dec 14-17.

7   Interpretation and translation service
      7.1 Babels proposed and the working group appreciated the offer for organizing
           voluntary interpretation/translation service for the Action Week. Professional
           service will be provided free but expenses for board and lodge should be factored
           into the budget plan. The Logistic and Finance Working Groups are expected to
           follow up with Babels for detail arrangement.
      7.2 Babels called for ICN participants‘ assistance to call for potential voluntary
           translators/interpreters and they could get in touch with Babels via registration
online at www.babels.com.
Table 1 - Summary of the Action Week Programme
              Date                   Event                                Remarks
     Dec 10, Saturday                                       High mobilization and actions
                             Human Rights Day              worldwide related to the International
                                                           Human Rights Day
     Dec 11, Sunday           Centralized                  1. To demonstrate the resistant
                              mobilization                     against WTO
                                                           2. Show strong visual of the global
                              Big and might act!               movement against WTO
                                                           3. Statement for what we think about
                                                               WTO and we have accomplished
                                                               during this period of time
     Dec 12, Monday
     Dec 13, Tuesday          Centralised Opening          Opening /plenary
                              plenary Session and the       1. Priority given to social movement
                              second Centralized                (grassroots participation and
                              mobilization                      personality-political leaders)
                                                            2. Open air activities
                                Draw maximum media          3. Declaration
                                 attention the Fight        4. Highlight Chinese characteristic in
                                   against WTO!                 mobilization such as cultural
                                                                protest (coordinate with the Action
                                                                and mobilization group)
     Dec 14-17                Thematic events              1. A carefully planned insider and
                                                               outsider linkage with some other
                              Platform for people to           international NGOs to negotiate
                              free to join                     within is essential.
                                                           2. Provide a daily update of the
                                                               current situation
                                                           3. High level dialogue
     Dec 18, Wednesday        Centralised Closing          1. Keep plans open and flexible
                              plenary Session              2. Link the International Solidarity
                                                               for Migrants and Hong Kong
                                                               People.
                                                           3. Highlight the International
                                                               Migrants Day


    Unfortunately, we do not have reports from the Indigenous People and Peasants/farmers
sectoral workshops, as well as the TRIPS thematic workshop. If you know who might have the
reports from these groups, please forward them to HKPA.

General Discussion regarding Working Groups
    The Action Week form is still open. The content of the open plenary will have to cover an
assessment of the WTO after 10 years of operation, as well as the current state of the agenda of
negotiations themselves. There should be some kind of synthesis of what has happened to the
struggle/resistance of movements to the WTO. And the cause – what do we do at the MC6.
    Is there a policy about fundraising and supporting people coming from regions that would
need financial assistance to attend (e.g. from the Middle East or Africa)? We would need to think
about this now, since we would have to fundraise. Perhaps there can be a solidarity fund for
participants from least developed countries, to support people who otherwise would not be able to
afford to come to Hong Kong.
    How can we be sure to involve other organizations in the opening march in the December
Action Week? We would want other organizations‘ marches or demonstrations to be visibly
linked to the Hong Kong march.
    There are concerns about the media message. We need to be careful how we use this
language in the media world. We need to have a more substance-based message. For example,
stop the WTO corporate attack.
    Is there a list of the funding organizations and agencies from which we should not accept
money?
    We need to differentiate between tactic and slogans. Slogans can be anything, not about a
specific position. We do not need to be visible with our tactics.
    It would be very important for our documentation, to get feedback on what is going on in
WTO negotiations, especially with the governmental arm-twisting that is happening.
    It will be important for the media group to have an inside/outside strategy. There will be a
number of people who have media accreditation who will communicate with those who are not
allowed in. There will be good trustworthy journalists, who can provide security if something
were to happen at night as things can happen.

Closing
    Deborah James, from Global Exchange shared how the WTO is a threat to democracy and
human rights. However, we represent great hope for people‘s movements in the world.
    The WTO is having a profound problem. There have been two failed ministerials because of
people in southern countries not holding people accountable. We have the potential to make the
Hong Kong negotiations fall apart or fail.
    The working groups have all agreed to do grassroots education in our own communities, to
show the most affected groups who the enemy is, and mobilize people to come to Hong Kong.
    There will be many local logistical issues that will be important in the run up to the Hong
Kong meeting. With all of our incredible human, intellect, and grassroots resources doing our
best, we can stop the WTO.
     Professor Joseph Yu-shek Cheng, from the City University of Hong Kong shared that
despite the undesirable effects of globalization and the extension of international product system,
there is a saving grace – we are able to see more friends from more distant places. Our
discussions over the past two days generate a greater sense of solidarity, commitment, and
mission.
    Eni Lestari Adi, from the Asian Migrants Coordinating Body (AMCB), shared that as we
conclude the ICN, we mark another milestone in the people‘s story in the resistance against the
WTO. We will combine the local and regional efforts, and strengthen the national movements for
human rights and social justice. There will be an even larger number of people from every
continent coming in December to Hong Kong. We are all traveling in the same direction.
    Sumiati, the chair of KOTKIHO (representing over 7,000 Indonesian members in Hong
Kong), and a member of the Coalition for Migrant Rights (CMR), shared from the
perspective of grassroots Foreign Domestic Workers, mostly women, who are also exploited by
the WTO agenda.
    Foreign Domestic Workers are NOT in some remote part of the world. They are found all
over the world, especially in the cities. But like the people in remote areas, they are made socially
invisible, and more vulnerable to abuses, exploitation by the WTO and globalization.
    Many of the repressive and exploitative practices promoted by the WTO have long been
imposed on FDWs. Governments restrict the right to work, choose jobs or employers.
    FDWs and women migrants have also shown that these anti-people agendas can be
challenged. They can be stopped, exposed or opposed. They have represented themselves at ILO
meetings, U.N. meetings, and world summits. In the WCAR (World Conference against Racism),
they successfully included a paragraph recognizing the discrimination against FDWs.
    The victories in Hong Kong show that migrants, especially FDWs and women, are not
powerless. It is an inspiring story on local action and global solidarity.
    Apo Leong, from AMRC, shared from his experience in the middle of the Seattle WTO
ministerial conference in 1999. One Chinese government negotiator was asked to comment on the
Seattle battle. His answer: ―No, no, no! The Seattle battle will not happen in China!‖ Now Hong
Kong is a part of China, so Apo suggested that the government official‘s denunciation will be
rejected by the people here.
    The year 2005 is the 10th anniversary for the WTO. In memory of people who did the besting
in Seattle, Cancun, Doha, Hong Kong, and Taiwan, Apo invited our Taiwanese friends to join
with everyone to sing ―The Internationale‖, used across the world as a song of resistance to
oppression.
    As there are many different versions of the song (including several in English), the lyrics will
not be reprinted here, however, you can search for lyrics in over 40 languages at:
http://home.planet.nl/~elder180/internationale/. To listen to a sound file of the song in many
different languages, please visit: http://www.vad1.com/anthems/internationale-collection.html.

								
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