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					                                            COPAL COCOA Info
                                                     A Weekly Newsletter of Cocoa Producers' Alliance


                                                                                                 th       th
                  Issue No. 226                                                                 9 – 13 April 2007

                  ICCO Daily Cocoa Prices
In-House Cocoa Newsletter
 Cocoa Producers' Alliance



                                                        ICCO daily                   London                     New York
                                                          price                      futures                     Futures
                                                       (US$/tonne)                  (£/tonne)                  (US$/tonne)
                                th
                              9 April                   1979.52                     1045.17                     1912.33
                                th
                              10 April                  1977.73                     1036.67                     1914.00
                                th
                              11 April                  1998.45                     1045.67                     1930.67
                                th
                              12 April                  1976.09                     1037.33                     1904.33
                                th
                              13 April                  1993.15                     1042.33                     1922.33

                              Average                   1985.00                    1041.00                     1917.00

                  Up-coming Events



                     In the News:                                                                     INSIDE THIS ISSUE:
                            Cocoa Lowers Blood Pressure, Tea Does Not
                            Cocoa more effective than tea in reducing hypertension.                          ICCO DAILY COCOA
                            Cocoa benefits                                                                    PRICES
                            Nestlé builds science to support cocoa polyphenol claims                         UP-COMING EVENTS
                            Cocoa Reduces Blood Pressure Related News
                            Cocoa, Not Tea, Appears To Lower Blood Pressure                                  LONDON & NEW YORK
                                                                                                               FUTURES MARKETS
                            Nigeria: Ondo NDP Guber Candidate Plans Big for Cocoa                             UPDATE
                            Cocoa Lowers Blood Pressure Better Than Tea
                                                                                                              SPOT PRICES

                                                                                                              NEWS

                                                                                                              TIT- BITS

                                                                                                              ORDER FORM -14TH
                                                                                                               INTERNATIONAL
                                                                                                               COCOA REASEARCH
                                                                                                               CONFERENCE



                                                        Have you had your cocoa today?


                                COCOA PRODUCERS’ ALLIANCE, NATIONAL ASSEMBLY COMPLEX TAFAWA BALEWA SQUARE,                         1
                                 P.O. BOX 1718, LAGOS, NIGERIA. TEL: +234(0)1-263-5574 FAX: +234(0)1-263-5684
                                                Email: econs@copal-cpa.org Website: www.copal-cpa.org
                International Financial Futures and Options Exchange (LIFFE)
                   London Futures Market – Summary of Trading Activities
                                         (£ per tonne)


Monday              9th April           2007
Month                   Opening Trans       Settle     Change   Daily High   Daily Low   Volume
    May 2007
     Jul 2007
    Sep 2007
    Dec 2007
    Mar 2008
    May 2008
     Jul 2008
    Sep 2008
    Dec 2008
    Mar 2009
Totals                                     #DIV/0!                                         0




Tuesday             10th April          2007
Month                   Opening Trans       Settle     Change     High         Low       Volume
    May 2007                1030            1020        -18       1030         1017       4522
     Jul 2007               1044            1038        -16       1045         1034       3612
    Sep 2007                1057            1052        -17       1059S        1050S      785
    Dec 2007                1065            1061        -16       1068         1058       537
    Mar 2008                1067            1062        -17       1070         1061        42
    May 2008                1085            1069        -18       1085         1068       185
     Jul 2008               1082            1077        -17       1082S        1080        23
    Sep 2008                1090            1085        -17       1090         1090        10
    Dec 2008                1100            1094        -17       1100         1100        5
    Mar 2009                                1101        -17                                0
Totals                                      1066                                         9,721




Wednesday           11th April          2007
Month                   Opening Trans       Settle     Change     High         Low       Volume
    May 2007                1019            1029         9        1036         1017       3157
     Jul 2007               1038            1047         9        1053         1035       1677
    Sep 2007                1050            1061         9        1066S        1048       1063
    Dec 2007                1059            1071         10       1075S        1059S      1023
    Mar 2008                1060            1071         9        1072         1060S      283
    May 2008                1068            1079         10       1083         1068        83
     Jul 2008                               1085         8                                 0
    Sep 2008                                1093         8                                 0
    Dec 2008                                1102         8                                 0
    Mar 2009                                1109         8                                 0
Totals                                      1075                                         7,286




         COCOA PRODUCERS’ ALLIANCE, NATIONAL ASSEMBLY COMPLEX TAFAWA BALEWA SQUARE,              2
          P.O. BOX 1718, LAGOS, NIGERIA. TEL: +234(0)1-263-5574 FAX: +234(0)1-263-5684
                         Email: econs@copal-cpa.org Website: www.copal-cpa.org
Thursday               12th April         2007
Month                     Opening Trans     Settle   Change      High       Low      Volume
    May 2007                  1029          1021       -8        1030       1005         3440
     Jul 2007                 1043          1038       -9        1047       1022         2930
    Sep 2007                  1057          1053       -8       1060S       1038         1535
    Dec 2007                  1066          1064       -7        1072       1050         3471
    Mar 2008                  1066          1066       -5       1070S       1052         1882
    May 2008                  1076          1074       -5       1076S       1061          201
     Jul 2008                 1080          1081       -4        1080       1070          63
    Sep 2008                  1085          1088       -5        1085      1076S          31
    Dec 2008                                1097       -5                                  0
    Mar 2009                                1104       -5                                  0
Totals                                      1069                                         13,553




Friday                 13th April         2007
Month                     Opening Trans     Settle   Change      High       Low      Volume
    May 2007                  1015          1025       4         1041       999          3,640
     Jul 2007                 1033          1043       5         1053       1017         2,137
    Sep 2007                  1047          1059       6         1073       1033          488
    Dec 2007                  1054          1069       5         1083       1044          442
    Mar 2008                  1060          1073       7        1073S       1049          354
    May 2008                  1062          1080       6         1080      1055S          244
     Jul 2008                               1087       6                                   0
    Sep 2008                  1073          1094       6         1073       1073          12
    Dec 2008                                1103       6                                   0
    Mar 2009                                1110       6                                   0
Totals                                      1074                                         7,317



Average for the week                        1086                                     7575
Total for the week                                                                   37,877




         COCOA PRODUCERS’ ALLIANCE, NATIONAL ASSEMBLY COMPLEX TAFAWA BALEWA SQUARE,             3
          P.O. BOX 1718, LAGOS, NIGERIA. TEL: +234(0)1-263-5574 FAX: +234(0)1-263-5684
                         Email: econs@copal-cpa.org Website: www.copal-cpa.org
                                New York Board of Trade
                (New York Futures Market – Summary of Trading Activities)
                                    (US$ per tonne)


Monday             9th April           2007
Month                     Open           Price     Change     High          Low    Volume
    May 2007            1888 1890        1883       -30       1895          1876    18869
     Jul 2007           1923 1925        1915       -26       1925          1905    17251
    Sep 2007             1945 0          1939       -27       1945          1933    604
    Dec 2007               0 0           1959       -27       1962          1950    809
    Mar 2008               0 0           1976       -28         0            0       2
    May 2008               0 0           1991       -28         0            0       5
     Jul 2008              0 0           2003       -26       2005          2005     33
    Sep 2008               0 0           2027       -26         0            0       0
    Dec 2008               0 0           2039       -25         0            0       50
    Mar 2009               0 0             0         0          0            0       0
Totals                                   1773                                      37623




Tuesday            10th April          2007
Month                     Open           Price     Change     High          Low    Volume
    May 2007            1885 1886        1883        0        1892          1877    8261
     Jul 2007            1916 0          1915        0        1921          1908    7014
    Sep 2007             0 1945A         1940        1        1945          1945    137
    Dec 2007               0 0           1960        1        1960          1960    147
    Mar 2008               0 0           1978        2          0            0       70
    May 2008               0 0           1993        2          0            0      111
     Jul 2008              0 0           2003        0          0            0      144
    Sep 2008               0 0           2027        0          0            0       0
    Dec 2008               0 0           2040        1          0            0       0
    Mar 2009               0 0             0         0          0            0       0
Totals                                   1774                                      15884




Wednesday          11th April          2007
Month                     Open           Price     Change     High          Low    Volume
    May 2007            1896 1898        1900        17       1919          1893    10538
     Jul 2007           1931 1932        1930        15       1950          1923    9569
                                 A
    Sep 2007             0 1959          1955        15       1969          1956    918
    Dec 2007               0 0           1976        16       1990          1982    884
    Mar 2008               0 0           1995        17         0            0      216
    May 2008               0 0           2009        16         0            0      100
     Jul 2008              0 0           2020        17         0            0      129
    Sep 2008               0 0           2044        17         0            0       0
    Dec 2008               0 0           2056        16         0            0       0
    Mar 2009               0 0             0         0          0            0       0
Totals                                   1789                                      22354




         COCOA PRODUCERS’ ALLIANCE, NATIONAL ASSEMBLY COMPLEX TAFAWA BALEWA SQUARE,         4
          P.O. BOX 1718, LAGOS, NIGERIA. TEL: +234(0)1-263-5574 FAX: +234(0)1-263-5684
                         Email: econs@copal-cpa.org Website: www.copal-cpa.org
 Thursday               12th April                     2007
 Month                             Open                    Price           Change            High       Low       Volume
     May 2007                    1881 1882                 1882             -18              1886       1852       10867
      Jul 2007                   1912 1913                 1911             -19              1915       1883       9809
     Sep 2007                    1934B 1940A               1936             -19              1920       1915       1182
     Dec 2007                       0 0                    1957             -19              1952       1950        329
     Mar 2008                       0 0                    1975             -20              1979       1959        213
     May 2008                       0 0                    1989             -20               0           0         14
      Jul 2008                      0 0                    2001             -19               0           0          0
     Sep 2008                       0 0                    2025             -19               0           0          0
     Dec 2008                       0 0                    2037             -19               0           0          0
     Mar 2009                       0 0                      0                  0             0           0          0
 Totals                                                    1771                                                    22414



 Friday                 13th April                     2007
 Month                             Open                    Price           Change            High       Low       Volume
     May 2007                    1873 1878                 1885                 3            1900       1855       14182
      Jul 2007                     1900 0                  1912                 1            1930       1880       13088
     Sep 2007                       0 0                    1935                 -1           1940       1905       1126
     Dec 2007                       0 0                    1958                 1            1970       1938       1360
     Mar 2008                       0 0                    1975                 0             0           0         67
     May 2008                       0 0                    1989                 0             0           0         26
      Jul 2008                      0 0                    2003                 2             0           0          0
     Sep 2008                       0 0                    2024                 -1            0           0         15
     Dec 2008                       0 0                    2039                 2             0           0         76
     Mar 2009                       0 0                      0                  0             0           0          0
 Totals                                                    1772                                                    15758



 Average for the week                                      1776                                                  28508
 Total for the week                                                                                              114,033



 Spot Prices (US$ per tonne)
                                               9th April           10th April        11th April     12th April   13th April
 Main Crop Ghana, Grade 1                          -                   -                 -            2259          2262
 Main Crop Ivory Coast, Grade 1                    -                   -                 -            2170          2173
 Main Crop Nigerian, 1                             -                   -                 -            2140          2143
 Superior Arriba                                   -                   -                 -            2810          2813
 Sanchez f.a.q.                                    -                   -                 -            2155          2158
 Malaysian 110                                     -                   -                 -            1884          1887
 Sulawesi f.a.q.                                   -                   -                 -            1925          1928
 Ecuador Cocoa Liquor                              -                   -                 -            3758          3764
 Pure Prime Press African Type
 Cocoa Butter
                                                   -                   -                 -            5251          5259

 10/12% Natural Cocoa Press Cake                   -                   -                 -             954          955
Source: Cocoa Merchants’ Association



          COCOA PRODUCERS’ ALLIANCE, NATIONAL ASSEMBLY COMPLEX TAFAWA BALEWA SQUARE,                                       5
           P.O. BOX 1718, LAGOS, NIGERIA. TEL: +234(0)1-263-5574 FAX: +234(0)1-263-5684
                          Email: econs@copal-cpa.org Website: www.copal-cpa.org
News
Cocoa Lowers Blood Pressure, Tea Does Not
By Griff
April 10, 2007
The new study has just been published in the 'Archives of Internal Medicine' a journal produced by the
'American Medical Association'. The study was carried out at the University Hospital of Cologne in Germany at
its Department of Pharmacology.

The study involved endless hours of investigating over 40 years of medical information about how cocoa, green
tea and black tea affected blood pressure. Certain medical information such as trials on adults that tested how
cocoa, green tea and black tea affected them were looked at with more interest. When looking at a selected group
of cocoa trials the German researched discovered some interesting information. The two levels of heart pumping
were investigated. These are systolic, the higher reading and pressure and diastolic the lower reading of when the
heart relaxes.

The information revealed that subjects who had consumered cocoa had much lower systolic and diastolic blood
pressures. The results were significant enough to convince the researchers that cocoa could certainly be linked to
lowering blood pressure.

A similar investigation was carried out on a selected group of tea trials on adults. It was found that subjects who
consumed tea did have lowered systolic and diastolic blood pressure, but only by a fraction. This difference was
so small that it could not be used to link tea to lowered blood pressure.

The results as stated by the researchers was, "current randomised dietary studies indicate that consumption of
food rich in cocoa may reduce blood pressure, while tea intake appears to have no effect."

This conclusion is found even though cocoa and tea both contain high levels of polyphenols. It is now thought
that the different types of polyphenols must be considered. For example cocoa contains a high amounts of the
polyphenol called procyanids, something tea does not have.

However, the researchers did point out that this was not an excuse to go out and eat lots of chocolate and that the
study has used very controlled factors that require further investigation. Not all chocolate is helpful either. The
chocolate that does help must be high in flavonoid content. Flavonoids are almost always taken out of cocoa in
the manufacturing processes of chocolate because it can cause the chocolate to have a bitter taste. It is also not
yet known how other contents of chocolate such as milk and sugar affect the benefits of the cocoa.

Nonetheless the findings are very interesting and may lead to a way of producing a healthy chocolate that will
certainly be very popular.

Cocoa more effective than tea in reducing hypertension.
From our ANI Correspondent
Washington, Apr 10: Researchers have revealed that though foods rich in cocoa may reduce blood pressure,
drinking lots of tea may not have a favourable effect on hypertension. Current guidelines advise individuals with
hypertension to eat more fruits and vegetables, according to background information in the article. Compounds
known as polyphenols or flavonoids in fruits and vegetables are thought to contribute to their beneficial effects
on blood pressure and cardiovascular risk. The authors note that tea and cocoa products account for the major
proportion of total polyphenol intake in Western countries. "However, cocoa and tea are currently not
implemented in cardioprotective or anti-hypertensive dietary advice, although both have been associated with
lower incidences of cardiovascular events," they added.

Dirk Taubert, M.D., Ph.D., and colleagues at the University Hospital of Cologne, Germany, conducted a meta-
analysis of 10 previously published trials, five of cocoa's effects on blood pressure and five involving tea. The
studies were either randomized trials, in which some participants were randomly assigned to cocoa or tea groups
and some to control groups, or used a crossover design, in which participants' blood pressure was assessed before
and after consuming cocoa products or tea.

The effects are comparable to those achieved with blood pressure-lowering medications, the authors note.


          COCOA PRODUCERS’ ALLIANCE, NATIONAL ASSEMBLY COMPLEX TAFAWA BALEWA SQUARE,                                  6
           P.O. BOX 1718, LAGOS, NIGERIA. TEL: +234(0)1-263-5574 FAX: +234(0)1-263-5684
                          Email: econs@copal-cpa.org Website: www.copal-cpa.org
"At the population level, a reduction of 4 to 5 millimeters of mercury in systolic blood pressure and 2 to 3
millimeters of mercury in diastolic blood pressure would be expected to substantially reduce the risk of stroke
(by about 20 percent), coronary heart disease (by 10 percent) and all-cause mortality (by 8 percent)," they said.

Tea and cocoa are both rich in polyphenols, but while black and green tea contain more compounds known as
flavan-3-ols, cocoa contains more of another type of polyphenol, procyanids. "This suggests that the different
plant phenols must be differentiated with respect to their blood pressure-lowering potential and thus
cardiovascular disease prevention, supposing that the tea phenols are less active than cocoa phenols," the authors
wrote.

The findings do not indicate a widespread recommendation for higher cocoa intake to decrease blood pressure,
but it appears reasonable to substitute phenol-rich cocoa products such as dark chocolate for other high-calorie or
high-fat desserts or dairy products, they continue. "We believe that any dietary advice must account for the high
sugar, fat and calorie intake with most cocoa products," the authors conclude. "Rationally applied, cocoa
products might be considered part of dietary approaches to lower hypertension risk," they concluded.

The research is published in the April 9 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives
journals.

Cocoa benefits
Tuesday, 10 Apr 2007 11:40
Eating foods rich in cocoa could help to lower blood pressure more effectively than drinking tea, a new study
claims. Both tea and cocoa-rich products contain polyphenols, which are thought to have a beneficial effect on
blood pressure and risk of cardiovascular problems.

German researchers analysed ten studies published between 1966 and 2006, five of which focussed on cocoa and
the other five on tea and their impacts on blood pressure. All the studies involved at least ten adults and lasted a
minimum of ten days. Four of the five cocoa studies found a reduction in both types of blood pressure problems
– systolic (when the heart contracts) and diastolic (when the heart relaxes).

In comparison to the people in the study not consuming cocoa, systolic blood pressure was an average of 4.7mm
of mercury lower and diastolic blood pressure was an average of 2.8mm of mercury lower. Writing in the journal
Archives of Internal Medicine, the researchers argue that the effects of cocoa are comparable to those achieved
with blood pressure-lowering medications. "At the population level, a reduction of four to five mm of mercury in
systolic blood pressure and two to three mm of mercury in diastolic blood pressure would be expected to
substantially reduce the risk of stroke (by about 20 per cent), coronary heart disease (by ten per cent) and all-
cause mortality (by eight per cent)," they claim.

But the review of the tea studies did not find a link between drinking tea and a reduction in blood pressure. This
could, scientists behind the review claim, be due to the fact that although tea and cocoa are both rich in
polyphenols, cocoa contains more of one polyphenols type, known as procyanids. "This suggests that the
different plant phenols must be differentiated with respect to their blood pressure-lowering potential and thus
cardiovascular disease prevention, supposing that the tea phenols are less active than cocoa phenols," the authors
explain.

They conclude that their findings should not encourage people to increase their consumption of cocoa-rich
products, but do point towards benefits of eating products such as dark chocolate instead of other high-calorie or
high-fat desserts or dairy products. "Rationally applied, cocoa products might be considered part of dietary
approaches to lower hypertension risk," the researchers conclude.

Nestlé builds science to support cocoa polyphenol claims
By Stephen Daniells: www.nutraingredients.com
10 April 2007 - The polyphenol content of many chocolates varies greatly around the world, scientists from the
Nestlé Research Center (NRC) report in an article that adds to the company's ability to validate potential
nutritional and health claims for it cocoa-based products
The impending introduction of nutrition and health claims regulations in the EU, published in the EU official
journal in January, will be applicable from July. Industry has started to prepare for the full implementation.




          COCOA PRODUCERS’ ALLIANCE, NATIONAL ASSEMBLY COMPLEX TAFAWA BALEWA SQUARE,                                   7
           P.O. BOX 1718, LAGOS, NIGERIA. TEL: +234(0)1-263-5574 FAX: +234(0)1-263-5684
                          Email: econs@copal-cpa.org Website: www.copal-cpa.org
Fundamentally, the new European regulation aims to increase consumer protection with regards to nutrition and
health claims made on food. It is envisaged to harmonise health claims that can be made on food products
throughout the EU. "The present study on cocoa polyphenols is a good example of the work carried out to
provide the solid scientific foundation for Nestlé to support product claims and to communicate the health and
wellness benefits of Nestlé products," said NRC in a statement.

Dark chocolate is a rich source of antioxidants, and contains more polyphenols per gram than green tea or red
wine. Other studies have claimed promising results against a wide range of conditions including blood pressure,
diarrhoea, breast cancer prevention, and decreasing the effects of aging on the brain. The chocolate industry has
profited from the wave of positive health effect of cocoa, with some producers stressing polyphenol content on
their labels.

The new study, published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, used a new, fast chromatographic
method to separate and quantify in three minutes six of the major polyphenols - catechins, epicatechin, B2, B5,
C1, and tetramer D. Sixty-eight commercially available finished products were tested, covering most of the big
confectionary companies worldwide.

The researchers, led by Gary Williamson, report a strong correlation between epicatechin concentration and the
other polyphenols, a result they said was "unexpected considering the diverse sources and types of chocolate in
the sample set."

"Epicatechin appears to be an excellent indicator for total polyphenol quality and quantity, with (-)-catechin
being the main form of polyphenol that varies with cocoa origin and manufacturing conditions.

"This innovation adds a new dimension to the methods used to ensure the consistent high quality and quantity of
cocoa polyphenols in Nestlé chocolate," said NRC.

Cocoa Reduces Blood Pressure Related News
Apr 11,2007 - Tea and cocoa are both rich in polyphenols, but while black and green tea contain more
compounds known as flavanols, cocoa contains more of another type of polyphenol, procyanids.
11/04/07 Foods rich in cocoa appear to reduce blood pressure but drinking tea may not, according to an analysis
of previously published research in the April 9 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine.

Current guidelines advise individuals with hypertension (high blood pressure) to eat more fruits and vegetables,
according to background information in the article. Compounds known as polyphenols or flavonoids in fruits and
vegetables are thought to contribute to their beneficial effects on blood pressure and cardiovascular risk.

"Tea and cocoa products account for the major proportion of total polyphenol intake in Western countries," the
authors write. "However, cocoa and tea are currently not implemented in cardioprotective or anti-hypertensive
dietary advice, although both have been associated with lower incidences of cardiovascular events."

Dirk Taubert and colleagues at the University Hospital of Cologne, Germany, conducted a meta-analysis of ten
previously published trials, five of cocoa's effects on blood pressure and five involving tea. The studies were
either randomized trials, in which some participants were randomly assigned to cocoa or tea groups and some to
control groups, or used a crossover design, in which participants' blood pressure was assessed before and after
consuming cocoa products or tea.

The five cocoa studies involved 173 participants, including 87 assigned to consume cocoa and 86 controls, 34
percent of whom had hypertension (high blood pressure). They were followed for a median (middle) duration of
two weeks. Four of the five trials reported a reduction in both systolic (the top number, when the heart contracts)
and diastolic (the bottom number, when the heart relaxes) blood pressure. Compared with those who were not
consuming cocoa, systolic blood pressure was an average of 4.7 millimeters of mercury lower and diastolic
blood pressure was an average of 2.8 millimeters of mercury lower.

The effects are comparable to those achieved with blood pressure-lowering medications, the authors note. "At the
population level, a reduction of 4 to 5 millimeters of mercury in systolic blood pressure and 2 to 3 millimeters of
mercury in diastolic blood pressure would be expected to substantially reduce the risk of stroke (by about 20
percent), coronary heart disease (by 10 percent) and all-cause mortality (by 8 percent)," they write.



          COCOA PRODUCERS’ ALLIANCE, NATIONAL ASSEMBLY COMPLEX TAFAWA BALEWA SQUARE,                                  8
           P.O. BOX 1718, LAGOS, NIGERIA. TEL: +234(0)1-263-5574 FAX: +234(0)1-263-5684
                          Email: econs@copal-cpa.org Website: www.copal-cpa.org
Of the 343 individuals in the five tea studies, 171 drank tea and 172 served as controls, for a median duration of
four weeks. Drinking tea was not associated with a reduction in blood pressure in any of the trials.

Tea and cocoa are both rich in polyphenols, but while black and green tea contain more compounds known as
flavanols, cocoa contains more of another type of polyphenol, procyanids. "This suggests that the different plant
phenols must be differentiated with respect to their blood pressure-lowering potential and thus cardiovascular
disease prevention, supposing that the tea phenols are less active than cocoa phenols," the authors write.

The findings do not indicate a widespread recommendation for higher cocoa intake to decrease blood pressure,
but it appears reasonable to substitute phenol-rich cocoa products such as dark chocolate for other high-calorie or
high-fat desserts or dairy products. "We believe that any dietary advice must account for the high sugar, fat and
calorie intake with most cocoa products," the authors conclude. "Rationally applied, cocoa products might be
considered part of dietary approaches to lower hypertension risk."

Cocoa, Not Tea, Appears To Lower Blood Pressure
April 12, 2007
Foods rich in cocoa appear to reduce blood pressure but drinking tea may not, according to an analysis of
previously published research in the April 9 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives
journals. Current guidelines advise people with high blood pressure to eat more fruits and vegetables, according
to background information in the article. Compounds known as polyphenols or flavonoids in fruits and
vegetables are thought to contribute to their beneficial effects on blood pressure and cardiovascular risk. "Tea
and cocoa products account for the major proportion of total polyphenol intake in Western countries," the authors
write. "However, cocoa and tea are currently not implemented in cardioprotective or anti-hypertensive dietary
advice, although both have been associated with lower incidences of cardiovascular events."

Dirk Taubert, M.D., Ph.D., and colleagues at the University Hospital of Cologne, Germany, conducted a meta-
analysis of 10 previously published trials, five of cocoa's effects on blood pressure and five involving tea. All
results were published between 1966 and 2006, involved at least 10 adults and lasted a minimum of seven days.
The findings do not indicate a widespread recommendation for higher cocoa intake to decrease blood pressure,
but it appears reasonable to substitute phenol-rich cocoa products such as dark chocolate for other high-calorie or
high-fat desserts or dairy products, they continue. "We believe that any dietary advice must account for the high
sugar, fat and calorie intake with most cocoa products," the authors conclude. "Rationally applied, cocoa
products might be considered part of dietary approaches to lower hypertension risk."

The studies were either randomized trials, in which some participants were randomly assigned to cocoa or tea
groups and some to control groups, or used a crossover design, in which participants' blood pressure was
assessed before and after consuming cocoa products or tea.

The five cocoa studies involved 173 participants, including 87 assigned to consume cocoa and 86 controls, 34
percent of whom had high blood pressure. They were followed for a median duration of two weeks. Four of the
five trials reported a reduction in both systolic (the top number, when the heart contracts) and diastolic (the
bottom number, when the heart relaxes) blood pressure. Compared with those who were not consuming cocoa,
systolic blood pressure was an average of 4.7 millimeters of mercury lower and diastolic blood pressure was an
average of 2.8 millimeters of mercury lower.

The effects are comparable to those achieved with blood pressure-lowering medications, the authors note.

"At the population level, a reduction of 4 to 5 millimeters of mercury in systolic blood pressure and 2 to 3
millimeters of mercury in diastolic blood pressure would be expected to substantially reduce the risk of stroke
(by about 20 percent), coronary heart disease (by 10 percent) and all-cause mortality (by 8 percent)," they write.
Of the 343 individuals in the five tea studies, 171 drank tea and 172 served as controls, for a median duration of
four weeks. Drinking tea was not associated with a reduction in blood pressure in any of the trials.

Tea and cocoa are both rich in polyphenols, but while black and green tea contain more compounds known as
flavan-3-ols, cocoa contains more of another type of polyphenol, procyanids. "This suggests that the different
plant phenols must be differentiated with respect to their blood pressure-lowering potential and thus
cardiovascular disease prevention, supposing that the tea phenols are less active than cocoa phenols," the authors
write.



          COCOA PRODUCERS’ ALLIANCE, NATIONAL ASSEMBLY COMPLEX TAFAWA BALEWA SQUARE,                                  9
           P.O. BOX 1718, LAGOS, NIGERIA. TEL: +234(0)1-263-5574 FAX: +234(0)1-263-5684
                          Email: econs@copal-cpa.org Website: www.copal-cpa.org
Nigeria: Ondo NDP Guber Candidate Plans Big for Cocoa
Daily Champion (Lagos)
Sunday Kudaisi
April 12, 2007
Akure
National Democratic Party (NDP), governorship candidate in Ondo State, Rev Luyi Rotimi has said that the best
way to revamp the ailing industries in Ondo State is to promote domestic use of cocoa production. Rev. Rotimi
governorship who was a former participant at the stock exchange said that if voted into power in the state, he
would ensure full participation of Ondo State in the stock exchange market to finance the state capital project.

Rev. Luyi who advocated for a Holding company to support and strengthen the industrialization of the state,
pointed out that investments in properties and valuable stock of blue chip companies would ensure industrial
growth of the state. He promised to re-activate all old farm settlements in the state to encourage youths in
Agriculture programme, adding that the cocoa plantation, the rubber plantations and oil plantation in the state
would be re-planted within the first year of his administration. The government, he said, would liase with the
local government to encourage the planting of rice and cassava across the 18 local government areas.

As part of efforts to ensure stable power supply, he promised to embark on independent power projects to ensure
increased power supply to support domestic and industrial use of the state. He also promised to re-activate the
acquired oil bloc of the state, the Owena Oil and Gas Limited and build a refinery for which the state has unused
license. He promised to return the state schools to boarding system with the hope to providing qualitative
education for students of the state.

Rural telephony especially the effective linking of local government headquarters would be effectively pursed,
he stated, promising that if voted into power the NDP government would pursue the development of games
village and the construction of an Olympic size stadium for Akure, the Ondo state capital. On the development of
the coastal riverine areas of Ondo State, Rev. Luyi said the NDP government would collaborate with
International Development Agencies to develop the riverine areas of the state
.
Cocoa Lowers Blood Pressure Better Than Tea
Boston (eCanadaNow) - A new study has found that consuming cocoa, not tea, can actually reduce your blood
pressure significantly. The study took place and found that the cocoa actually lowered blood pressure more than
even prescribed drugs could to do the same task. This is an amazing discovery as it could lead to a whole new
way to treat and deal with blood pressure when it is higher than it should be.

The current idea is that people who have high blood pressure should eat more fruits and vegetables. This could
be changing though as they could be eating cocoa now instead to lower their blood pressure. The study was done
on 173 people to come to this result.

The authors stated that “Tea and cocoa products account for the major proportion of total polyphenol intake in
Western countries. However, cocoa and tea are currently not implemented in cardioprotective or anti-
hypertensive dietary advice, although both have been associated with lower incidences of cardiovascular events.”

Five tea studies were also done on 343 people. This showed that the cocoa did a much better job to treat blood
pressure than the tea. “This suggests that the different plant phenols must be differentiated with respect to their
blood pressure-lowering potential and thus cardiovascular disease prevention, supposing that the tea phenols are
less active than cocoa phenols,” said a researcher.




          COCOA PRODUCERS’ ALLIANCE, NATIONAL ASSEMBLY COMPLEX TAFAWA BALEWA SQUARE,                                  10
           P.O. BOX 1718, LAGOS, NIGERIA. TEL: +234(0)1-263-5574 FAX: +234(0)1-263-5684
                          Email: econs@copal-cpa.org Website: www.copal-cpa.org
TIT BITS
(Source: Business Recorder – www.brecord)

New York cocoa closes little changed
NEW YORK (April 12, 2007): US cocoa futures closed flat to a shade higher on Tuesday in spread-dominated
trade, with dealings spanning a tight range resembling the prior session, traders said. "I think it was the funds,
basically, and on both sides," one trader said about the range-bound session.

Ivory Coast cocoa prices mixed
ABIDJAN (April 12, 2007): Farmgate prices in Ivory Coast's main cocoa growing areas were mixed in the week
of April 2 to 8, Coffee and cocoa Bourse (BCC) data showed on Wednesday, as scarcity of beans and quality
worries influenced the market.

New York cocoa higher
NEW YORK (April 13, 2007): US cocoa futures settled firm on Wednesday, on support from strong sterling and
continued position rolling out of the front month ahead of first notice day, traders said.




           COCOA PRODUCERS’ ALLIANCE, NATIONAL ASSEMBLY COMPLEX TAFAWA BALEWA SQUARE,                                11
            P.O. BOX 1718, LAGOS, NIGERIA. TEL: +234(0)1-263-5574 FAX: +234(0)1-263-5684
                           Email: econs@copal-cpa.org Website: www.copal-cpa.org
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      COCOA PRODUCERS’ ALLIANCE, NATIONAL ASSEMBLY COMPLEX TAFAWA BALEWA SQUARE,      12
       P.O. BOX 1718, LAGOS, NIGERIA. TEL: +234(0)1-263-5574 FAX: +234(0)1-263-5684
                      Email: econs@copal-cpa.org Website: www.copal-cpa.org

				
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