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Г.Магнитогорск МОУ СОШ №55 ДЕГТЯРЕВА Е.В. The United States of America • The United States of America is one of the greatest and richest countries in the world. The USA lies in the central part of the North American Continent between the two oceans: the Atlantic Ocean to the East and the Pacific Ocean to the West. The USA • The USA consists of three separate parts. They are the Hawaiian Islands, situated in the central part of the Pacific Ocean, Alaska separated by the Canadian territory and the rest major part of the USA. In the USA people enjoy the wonders of nature practically in every state. The Appalachians and the Rocky Mountains, forests, plains, prairies and even deserts, wonderful lakes, waterfalls and rivers cover the American territory that equals about 9.4 million square kilometers. “Melting pot” • The United States is called a “melting pot” because people from all over the world have mixed together to create modern American society. The history of the USA begins in 1492 when Christopher Columbus discovered New Plymouth • Since that time different European countries sent their people to North America to trade with the natives and to look for gold, silver, fur and other things there. In 1620 more than 100 Englishmen went to America to live and work there. There they built a village called New Plymouth. England • England considered these new territories as its colonies and soon the newcomers began to fight for their independence. The biggest war lasted from 1775 up to 1783. George Washington was commander-in- chief. His troops won this War for Independence and later he was elected to be the first American President. The American parliament • The United States of America is a parliamentary republic. The American parliament (called Congress) has two chambers: the House of Representatives and the Senate. There are two main political parties in the USA: the Democratic and the Republican. The Us President is both head of state and government. He is elected for a four-year term. Washington D.C. • The capital of the country is Washington D.C. (the District of Columbia). The city was founded in 1790 and named after the First President George Washington. The Capitol is the centre of the city. It is situated on the Capitol Hill which is the highest place in the city. The Capitol is the seat of Congress. The White House is the place where the President lives and works. It is his official residence. There are132 rooms in the White House. New -York • New -York is one of the biggest cities in America. It is situated on the Hudson River. The population is more than 9 million people within the boundaries. The first view of the city from the sea as the liner moves slowly up Hudson Bay is a sight that can never be forgotten. Crowed ferry-boats cross the water with people hurrying to work in the downtown. The Bronze Statue of Liberty. • The main sightseeing in New-York is Liberty Island with the Bronze Statue of Liberty. It was presented to the USA by France in 1886 to commemorate the hundredth anniversary of American independence. The statue is 152 feet high and stands on a pedestal of almost the same height. Its torch tower is about 200 feet above the harbor and can be seen at night for many miles. International Trade Centre. • New-York is also famous for its 110-storeyed International Trade Centre. It is one of the tallest sky- scrapes in N.Y. Golden Gate Bridge • Besides Washington and New-York there are other big cities such as San Francisco and Los Vegas in the USA. The symbol of San Francisco is an amazing Golden Gate Bridge which hangs above the bay and connects the north-east part of the city with Marin County. The symbols of Los Vegas are enormous casinos, the most luxurious hotels and the most interesting attractions. Los Vegas is a city of amusements and neon lights. • America as any other countries has its own customs, traditions and holidays. For instance, at the end of November America has Thanksgiving Day which was celebrated for the first time in 1621 when the first colonists from England got their first good harvest. • Young people enjoy Halloween (on October 31). It is a day of all saints. • In America Christmas is one of the most important holidays. It is usually celebrated in the family circle. People give presents to their friends and relatives, saying “Merry Christmas to you!”.
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