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Discover Healthy Eating

VIEWS: 18 PAGES: 19

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                                                Six Kinds of Nutrients
Food is made up of nutrients (NOO-tree-ents) which are needed to help people grow, be active, and stay
healthy. Below, you see the names of the kinds of nutrients. The picture shows foods that contain that kind
of nutrient. Decide what food group each food belongs to. Put its abbreviation on the line under the food.

FOOD GROUP                                                                          ABBREVIATION
Vegetables & Fruit                                                                   VF
Grain Products                                                                       GP
Milk & Alternatives                                                                  MI
Meat & Alternatives                                                                  MA

   Carbohydrates                                                                                          Water
   (kahr-buh-HYE-drayts)                                                                                  Much of the body is water. It carries the other
   Carbohydrates give the body energy.                                                                    nutrients to all parts of the body. It carries waste
                                                                                                          from all parts of the body.




   Proteins                                                                                               Vitamins
   (PROH-tee-ins)                                                                                         Vitamins do many things to help the body grow
   Proteins help the body build and take care of all                                                      and stay healthy.
   its parts- muscles, bones,nerves,skin and blood.
   Proteins can also supply energy.




   Fats                                                                                                   Minerals
   Fats supply lots of energy-more than twice as                                                          Minerals help the body in many ways. They help
   much as the same weight in proteins or                                                                 build bones and teeth. Minerals help muscles
   carbohydrates.                                                                                         work the way they should.




Reprinted with permission from The Best You Can Be, Grades 4 - 6, Regional Public Health, David Thompson Health Region

Discover Healthy Eating! A Teacher’s Resource for Grades 1 - 6, 2009                                                                           Activities, Grade 5
              Healthy Eating Wheel of Fortune
                                      Clue Sheet - Examples
Use these sample clues to begin your game. Add more of your own.

                                 This food comes in small bite size pieces.       Brussels
                                 This food is green.                              sprouts
                                 This food is round.
Vegetables & Fruits
                                 This food has a yellow skin.                     lemon
                                 This food grows in warm places like Florida.
                                 This food is a source of vitamins.

                                 This food comes in many forms such as            bread
                                 pumpernickel, pita and naan.
                                 This food is a great source of carbohydrate.
 Grain Products
                                 This food is a source of carbohydrate.           rice
                                 This food is often eaten with chopsticks.
                                 This food is in the Grain Products food group.

                                 This food is a source of protein.                cheese
                                 This food can be a variety of colours.
                                 This food provides calcium.
Milk & Alternatives
                                 This food comes in a variety of flavours.        yogurt
                                 This food can be part of a healthy breakfast.
                                 This food is a source of calcium.

                                 This food is gooey.                              peanut
                                 This food tastes great spread on bread.          butter
                                 This food is a source of protein.
Meat & Alternatives
                                 This food is a source of protein.                tofu
                                 This food can be stir-fried.
                                 This food can be used as cheese.




Discover Healthy Eating! A Teacher’s Resource for Grades 1 - 6, 2009              Activities, Grade 5
Name:


            EXPERIMENT: TESTING FOR FAT
     Materials
     	 •	 Food samples (e.g. apple, orange, bread, cake, donut, potato, breakfast cereal,
          rice, celery, butter, cheese, corn chips)
     	 •	 Square	pieces	of	brown	paper	from	paper	lunch	bags	
     	 •	 Baking	sheet	for	a	toaster	oven	
     	 •	 Toaster	oven						


     Method
        1. Rub the food sample(s) on a brown piece of paper. Let paper dry out.
        2. Hold the paper up to the light. Make an observation.
        3. To test more than one food at a time, line a baking sheet with brown paper and
           place small samples of food on the tray. Place baking sheet in the direct sun or
           toaster oven to warm gently. Monitor
        4. Check the brown paper to see which foods have left a grease spot.
           Make an observation.


     Discussion
     Discuss observations. If you saw light through the paper after it has dried, then the
     food rubbed or heated on that paper contains fat. Determine the types of foods that
     contain fat. Distinguish fats from animal sources versus fats from plant sources.




Discover Healthy Eating! A Teacher’s Resource for Grades 1 - 6, 2009            Activities, Grade 5
Name:



                                               Fibre Find
        Fibre Find Tips
               	   •	    only	foods	that	come	from	plants	have	fibre
	              	   •	    skins	and	peels	on	fruits	and	vegetables	are	high	in	fibre
	              	   •	    peas,	beans,	lentils	and	leafy	greens	are	high	in	fibre
	              	   •	    cereals,	oatmeal,	brown	rice	and	whole	grains	are	high	in	fibre



A. In your group, decide which of the following foods would be a Fibre Find. Use the
   Fibre Find Tips to help you.

Circle your Fibre Finds …

             strawberries            hamburger             cheese      baked potato

             chicken                 samosa                popcorn     oatmeal

             peas                    mango                 broccoli    orange

             fruit juice             milk                  raisins     turkey

             potato chips            eggs                  steak       yogurt

             peanut butter           doughnut              carrot      red beans



B. Ask each person in the group to name another Fibre Find other than the foods already
   circled.

Write down these Fibre Finds:

1.                                                         2.


3.                                                         4.


Discover Healthy Eating! A Teacher’s Resource for Grades 1 - 6, 2009                  Activities, Grade 5
            Sample food package
                                                                                 Diet-related health claim:
                                                                                 A healthy diet low in saturated and
                                                                                 trans fat may reduce the risk of
                                                                                 heart disease. Frosted Wheat
                                                  Storage                        Squares are free of saturated and
                                                instructions                     trans fats.
    Best before date

                                                                                         Nutrition Facts
                                                                                         Per 30 g

                                                                                         Amount                             % Daily Value

                                                                                         Calories 116

   Brand name                                                                            Fat 2.5 g                                   5%

                                                                                            Saturated 0 g                            0%
                                                                                            + Trans 0 g

                                                                                         Cholesterol 0 mg

                                                                                         Sodium 0 mg                                 0%

                                                                                         Carbohydrate 24 g                           8%

                                                                                            Fibre 5.2 g                              20%

                                                                                            Sugars 6.5 g
 Name of food
                                                                                         Protein 2.1 g

                                                                                         Vitamin A         0%        Vitamin C       0%

                                                                                         Calcium           0%        Iron            2%




                                                                                          Ingredient List: Whole
                                                                                          wheat, sugar, malt syrup,
                                                                                          salt, reduced iron,
                                                                                          niacinamide, thiamine,
                                                                                          folic acid.
   Nutrient content claim
                                                 Net quantity
                                                                                     Manufacturer’s
                                                  of product
                                                                                    name and address
            Discover Healthy Eating! A Teacher’s Resource for Grades 1-6, 1999                                  Activities Grade 5
            Revised April 2005




Discover Healthy Eating! A Teacher’s Resource for Grades 1 - 6, 2009                                              Activities, Grade 5
                                 Nutrition Facts Table




                                 Source: Health Canada, Nutrition Labelling Toolkit, 2003




Discover Healthy Eating! A Teacher’s Resource for Grades 1 - 6, 2009                          Activities, Grade 5
     Discover Healthy Eating! A Teacher’s Resource for Grades 1-6, 1999                     Activities Grade 5
     Revised April 2005
Name:


A Look at Labels
The nutrition information on food labels helps you to choose healthier foods by allowing
you to compare products more easily. Look at the yogurt labels below and compare their
nutritional content.


           Label A: Yogurt                             Label B: Yogurt




    1.    If you eat one serving of Label A yogurt, how many calories would you
          be having? ______

    2.    How many servings of yogurt are in each container? ___________

    3.    Which yogurt has more fat? __________
              a) What type of fat is this yogurt high in?

    4.    Which yogurt has fewer calories? __________

    5.    Which yogurt has more calcium? ___________

    6.    What is Label B yogurt: regular or low-fat yogurt? ____________

    7.    Which yogurt would you eat? ____________
              a) Why? ______________________

Discover Healthy Eating! A Teacher’s Resource for Grades 1 - 6, 2009         Activities, Grade 5
A Look at Labels
The nutrition information on food labels helps you to choose healthier foods by allowing
you to compare products more easily. Look at the yogurt labels below and compare their
nutritional content.


           Label A: Yogurt                             Label B: Yogurt




    1.    If you eat one serving of Label A yogurt, how many calories would you
          be having? 170 kcal

    2.    How many servings of yogurt are in each container? One

    3.    Which yogurt has more fat? A
              a) What type of fat is this yogurt high in? Saturated

    4.    Which yogurt has fewer calories? B

    5.    Which yogurt has more calcium? B

    6.    What is Label B yogurt: regular or low fat yogurt? Low fat

    7.    Which yogurt would you eat? ____________
              a) Why? ______________________




Discover Healthy Eating! A Teacher’s Resource for Grades 1 - 6, 2009         Activities, Grade 5
                     Nutrition Label Match Game


                                                       Listed in Nutrition Facts. It can be compared to
        Serving	Size                                   the amount eaten at one sitting or the amount
                                                       listed on other similar products.



                Calorie
                                                       The measure of energy supplied by the food we
                                                       eat.

                                                       Provides energy for our bodies and is also used to
                                                       build up and maintain the tissues throughout
                Protein                                the body – muscles, organs and some hormones.
                                                       It is found in milk products, eggs, meat,
                                                       poultry, fish, nuts, seeds and legumes.
                                                       A nutrient that provides our main source of

       Carbohydrate
                                                       energy to our muscles and our brains. It is found
                                                       mainly in grain products and in vegetables and
                                                       fruit.
                                                       Provides energy, carries and stores vitamins A, D,
                                                       E and K, insulates the body and cushions skins,
                      Fat                              bones and organs. It is found naturally in animal
                                                       products and vegetable oils. It is often added to
                                                       food for flavour.


           Vitamins                                    Nutrients needed by the body in very small
          & Minerals                                   amounts for good health.



          Ingredients                                  Parts in a mixture or recipe.




Discover Healthy Eating! A Teacher’s Resource for Grades 1 - 6, 2009                       Activities, Grade 5
                   Gram
                                                         A metric unit of weight. A paper clip weighs
                                                         about this much.


                                                         The addition of vitamins and minerals (that may
              Enriched                                   have been lost during processing) into food
                                                         products.

                                                         The addition of some nutrients (that may
               Fortified                                 be lacking in the food people eat) into food
                                                         products.

                                                         Substances added to food for various reasons
                                                         such as: to stop food spoilage, to give flavour
             Additives                                   or to give colour. Some common examples
                                                         include BHT (butylated hydroxytoluene)
                                                         carrageenan, and cellulose.

                                                         Carbohydrates that makes food taste sweet. The
                 Sugars                                  type of carbohydrate obtained from sugar cane
                                                         or sugar beets.

                                                         A type of carbohydrate that your body does

                   Fibre
                                                         not absorb. It helps move food through your
                                                         digestive tract. It is found in high amounts in
                                                         whole-grain foods, legumes, vegetables and fruit.
                                                         These fats are mainly formed from vegetable
                                                         oils that have been treated to stay solid or semi-
                                                         solid at room tempeature. You may find these
            Trans (fat)                                  unhealthy fats in many processed foods like
                                                         cookies, crackers and snack foods. These fats
                                                         raise cholesterol levels and increase the risk of
                                                         heart disease.
                                                         A type of fat found naturally in butter, cheese,

      Saturated	(fat)
                                                         whole milk and meat. Too much of this
                                                         unhealthy fat may raise cholesterol levels and
                                                         increase the risk of heart disease.




Discover Healthy Eating! A Teacher’s Resource for Grades 1 - 6, 2009                          Activities, Grade 5
Name:


                                                       Your Secret Recipe

Make a recipe using the nouns, verbs or adjectives as the ingredients that make you feel good
about yourself. Then write a method on how to use these ingredients to make you
feel good.


                                                                              Name of Recipe

Ingredients




Method




Adapted from The Best You Can Be, Grades 4 - 6, Regional Public Health, David Thompson Health Region




Discover Healthy Eating! A Teacher’s Resource for Grades 1 - 6, 2009                                   Activities, Grade 5
Name:

                                                           Let’s Have a Look
Look through magazines and list the following:


1.            Products or ads that promote healthy living habits.




2.            Products or ads that portray a healthy body image.




3.            Products or ads that promote unhealthy living habits.




4.            Which products or ads appeal to you most and why?




Reprinted with permission from The Best You Can Be, Grades 4 - 6, Regional Public Health, David Thompson Health Region



Discover Healthy Eating! A Teacher’s Resource for Grades 1 - 6, 2009                                                     Activities, Grade 5
Name:



                                                                            ADS & US

body image                                             repeated                    air brushing        models         values
computer imagery                                       stars                       music               exaggeration   dissatisfied


Complete the sentences with the correct words.

   1.        The brand name is often ___________________________ to help us remember it.

   2.	 Sometimes	ads	use	fashion	__________________		and	claim	we	can	be	like	them	too,		
       if we use their product.

   3.        Your _______________________ can affect your feelings about a brand.

   4.        Advertisements can influence our own _________ _________.

   5.        _________________________ is one of the advertising methods that companies will
                  use to persuade us to buy their product.

   6.	 Some	ads	use	sports		________________________		or	other	celebrities	to	sell	their		
            products.

   7.	 Some	photographers	use		_________		________	or	____		_______	to	make	models	
       look “flawless.”

   8.	 Some	magazine	ads	can	make	us	feel		________________		about	the	way	we		look.




Adapted from The Best You Can Be, Grades 4 - 6, Regional Public Health, David Thompson Health Region



Discover Healthy Eating! A Teacher’s Resource for Grades 1 - 6, 2009                                                  Activities, Grade 5
                                     ADS & US – Answer Sheet

Complete the sentences with the correct words.

body image                                         repeated                         air brushing       models           values
computer imagery                                   stars                            music              exaggeration     dissatisifed


   1.        The brand name is often _______repeated____________ to help us remember it.

   2.	 Sometimes	ads	use	fashion	_models and claim we can be like them too, if we use
       their product.

   3.        Your ___values__________ can affect your feelings about a brand.

   4.        Advertisements can influence our own ___body _____ __image______.

   5.          __Exaggeration______ is one of the advertising methods that companies will use to
                    persuade us to buy their product.

   6.	 Some	ads	use	sports		____stars____________ or other celebrities to sell their
   products.

   7.	 Some	photographers	use		_computer _imagery_ or air brushing to make models
       look “flawless.”

   8.	 Some	magazine	ads	can	make	us	feel		____dissatisfied_______ about the way
       we look.




Adapted from The Best You Can Be, Grades 4 - 6, Regional Public Health, David Thompson Health Region




Discover Healthy Eating! A Teacher’s Resource for Grades 1 - 6, 2009                                                  Activities, Grade 5
Name:

                      MAGAZINE AD ANALYSIS

Choose an advertisement that you like from your magazine. After reading it, answer
these	questions:

1. What product is being advertised? Can you tell right away before reading any words
   on the ad?




2. What messages are you getting from the ad (from the words or the scene used in the
   advertisement)?




3.	 What	advertising	technique	has	the	advertiser	used	to	interest	you	in	the	product?




4. How does this ad make you feel about your body image?




5.	 Do	you	feel	that	appealing	to	improving	body	image	is	a	good	technique	for	advertisers		
    to use?

    Why or why not?




Discover Healthy Eating! A Teacher’s Resource for Grades 1 - 6, 2009           Activities, Grade 5
Name:



           A CLOSER LOOK AT MAGAZINES
Look through a magazine for the following information:

1.      Total number of advertisements in the magazine.


2.      Total number of pages in the magazine.


3.      How many advertisements have a woman in it?


4.      How many advertisements only show a part of the woman’s body?


5.      How many advertisements use words that refer to the way a woman looks or feels
        to sell their products?


6.      How many advertisments show a thin woman?


7.      How many advertisements show a short or fat woman?


8.      How many advertisements show a muscular or toned man?


9.      How many advertisements show a short or fat man?




Discover Healthy Eating! A Teacher’s Resource for Grades 1 - 6, 2009        Activities, Grade 5
Name:

                                                  Understanding Growth
                         Using the clues at the bottom of the page, fill in the crossword puzzle.




Across                                                                                                    Down
1. Rapid growth that begins between the                                                                   2. The growth spurt begins at an average age of
   ages of 9 and 12 is called the adolescent’s                                                               _____ for girls.
   _______________________.                                                                               3. _____________________ are chemicals the
2. During adolescents, girls’ _______ widen.                                                                 body produces that control the way your body
7. Boy’s _______ broaden during                                                                              grows.
   adolescence.                                                                                           4. You inherited your body shape from your
10. Energy comes mainly from the __________                                                                  __________ .
    in the food you eat.                                                                                  5. If you don’t eat enough calories, it may
11. The growth spurt begins at an average age of                                                             __________ your growth.
    _____ for boys.                                                                                       6. Boys gain more _________ than girls
12. Your body needs ______ energy than                                                                       during the growth spurt.
    it did when you were younger.                                                                         8. Eat enough food to _________ your hunger.
                                                                                                          9. Your body is like a computer that grows on
                                                                                                             its own growth _________.
Word	Selection
 parents                    ten                     shoulders                    Calories                   hormones        twelve      hips             more
 program                    slow                    growth spurt                 program                    satisfy


Adapted	from	materials	prepared	by	the	Department	of	Food	Science	and	Human	Nutrition,	Ames,	Iowa,	Iowa	State	University.


Discover Healthy Eating! A Teacher’s Resource for Grades 1 - 6, 2009                                                                           Activities, Grade 5
Name:

                                                  Understanding Growth
                                                                                   Answer Key
                         Using the clues at the bottom of the page, fill in the crossword puzzle.




Across                                                                                                            Down
1. Rapid growth that begins between the ages                                                                      2. The growth spurt begins at an average age
   of 9 and 12 is called the adolescent’s                                                                            of ten for girls.
   growth spurt .
                                                                                                                  3. Hormones are chemicals the body
2. During adolescents, girls’ hips widen.                                                                            produces that control the way your body
7. Boy’s shoulders broaden during                                                                                    grows.
   adolescence.                                                                                                   4. You inherited your body shape from your
10. Energy comes mainly from the Calories                                                                            parents .
    in the food you eat.                                                                                          5. If you don’t eat enough calories, it may
11. The growth spurt begins at an average age of                                                                     slow your growth.
    twelve for boys.                                                                                              6. Boys gain more muscle than girls during
12. Your body needs more energy than                                                                                 the growth spurt.
    it did when you were younger.
                                                                                                                  8. Eat enough food to satisfy your hunger.
                                                                                                                  9. Your body is like a computer that grows on
                                                                                                                     its own growth program.
Word	Selection
 parents                    ten                     shoulders                    Calories                   hormones        twelve        hips             more
 program                    slow                    growth spurt                 program                    satisfy

Adapted	from	materials	prepared	by	the	Department	of	Food	Science	and	Human	Nutrition,	Ames,	Iowa,	Iowa	State	University.

Discover Healthy Eating! A Teacher’s Resource for Grades 1 - 6, 2009                                                                             Activities, Grade 5
Name:



                                       How Do I Look?
1. If boys and girls your age think they are getting fat,              TRUE          FALSE
   they should go on a weight-loss diet.


2. Most girls and boys your age should have the same body              TRUE          FALSE
   shapes as magazine models.


3. People all over the world prefer to be tall and thin.               TRUE          FALSE


4. It is healthy for boys and girls your age to eat when               TRUE          FALSE
   they are hungry.


5. It is normal for boys and girls your age to be dissasisfied         TRUE          FALSE
   with the way some parts of their bodies look.




Discover Healthy Eating! A Teacher’s Resource for Grades 1 - 6, 2009          Activities, Grade 5

								
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