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Future of Luxury Brands in India

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					                            A PROJECT REPORT
                                             ON
         “FUTURE OF LUXURY BRANDS IN INDIA
          (WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO ETAHRA WORLD)”




                              PREFACE


Currently, India is in a changing era. From a conservative country to an extravagant country,
from more than half of population under poverty line to highest percentage increase in High Net
worth Individuals, from mass brand purchasers to Luxury brand purchasers.


Keeping in view that how much market research can affect any market; this is my sincere
attempt to do a research study on Luxury Goods and their future in India. The research is done
on the topic “Future of Luxury Brands in India” which is performed with utmost care and
sincerity. Thus the research has been performed with two clear objectives in mind, viz.
1. Making the research in such a manner that it facilitates the future endeavor of the Luxury
Brands
2. To make myself aware of the fact that research is a very vast field and one should take due
care while performing it.




                                                                                             1
It is hoped that the humble effort made in form of the project will be helpful for other researchers
and will able to assist them in a constructive manner.




                                                                                                  2
                        DECLARATION




I,ASHISH SRIVASTAVA, declare that the Project Work entitled
“A Project Report on Future of luxury brand in India”
“With special reference to Etahra world” is my own work and has

been conducted under the supervision of “Mr. ABHISHEK JAISWAL
(ETAHRA WORLD A.G.M MEDIA)”. I have put 45 days attendance with

supervisor at the center.

     I further declare that to the best of my knowledge, the
Project does not contain any part of any work which has been
submitted for the award of any degree/diploma either in this
College or anywhere else.




                                 Signature of the candidate




                                                              3
           CERTIFICATE OF THE COMPANY SUPERVISOR


                           Mr. ABHISHEK JAISWAL
                               A.G.M MEDIA
                                ETAHRA WORLD
                                 Sec-41 NOIDA



This is to certify that the work entitled “A PROJECT REPORT ON FUTURE OF
LUXURY BRANDS IN INDIA” is a piece of summer internship work done by
ASHISH SRIVASTAVA under my guidance and supervision, for the partial
fulfillment of4 award of PGDM of “GREATER NOIDA INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT
GREATER NOIDA” To the best of my knowledge and belief the Project work --


     (1)    Embodies the work of candidate himself/ herself.
     (2)    Has duly being completed.
     (3)    Fulfills the requirement of the ordinance relating to the PGDM of
            the College.
     (4)    Is up to the standard both in respect of contents and language
            for being referred to the examiner.




                                                  Signature of Company Supervisor




                                                                               4
      CERTIFICATE OF THE FACULTY SUPERVISOR


                          Mr. GIRISH KR. GUPTA
                               LECTURER
            GREATER NOIDA INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT G.NOIDA




This is to certify that the work entitled “A PROJECT REPORT ON FUTURE OF
LUXURY BRANDS IN INDIA” is a piece of summer internship work done by
ASHISH SRIVASTAVA under my guidance and supervision, for the partial
fulfillment of award of PGDM of “GREATER NOIDA INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT
GREATER NOIDA”. To the best of my knowledge and belief the Project work -
-


     (1)   Embodies the work of candidate himself/herself.
     (2)   Has duly being completed.
     (3)   Fulfills the requirement of the ordinance relating to the PGDM of
           the College.
     (4)   Is up to the standard both in respect of contents and language
           for being referred to the examiner.




                                                  Signature of Faculty Supervisor




                                                                               5
           CERTIFICATE FROM PLACEMENT CELL


                           RAHUL BHANDARI
                           PLACEMENT HEAD
                                       .


This is to certify that the work entitled “(A PROJECT REPORT ON FUTURE OF
LUXURY BRANDS IN INDIA)” is a piece of summer internship work done by
ASHISH SRIVASTAVA under my guidance and supervision, for the partial
fulfillment of award of PGDM of ”GREATER NOIDA INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT
GREATER NOIDA” To the best of my knowledge and belief the Project work -
-


     (1)   Embodies the work of candidate himself/herself.
     (2)   Has duly being completed.
     (3)   Fulfills the requirement of the ordinance relating to the PGDM of
           the College.
     (4)   Is up to the standard both in respect of contents and language
           for being referred to the examiner.




                                                 Signature of Placement Head




                                                                           6
                     ACKNOWLEDGEMENT


Some works are so typical that are impossible for a person to complete it
alone. Summer Internship Project is one of them. I would not be able to
complete my work without the help of my respected Company Guide,
Faculty Guide, my college and workplace colleagues and my family
members. So it is my obligation to thank all of them.


           I have had the honour of having been associated & working
under the able & stimulating guidance of “Mr. ABHISHEK JAISWAL
(A.G.M MEDIA) ETAHRA WORLD” and Faculty Guide MR.GIRISH, GREATER
NOIDA INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT         G.NOIDA   The Project work was
undertaken under their keen supervision and the Project has been
prepared by me. I express sincere feeling of gratitude and respect for
their inspiring help throughout the work. Without their esteemed and
valuable help and guidance it would not have been possible for me to
accomplish my job. I am gratefully indebted to them.


           Mr. AMIT GAUR also deserves my thanks for typing this
thesis.
And finally I would like to offer my heartiest prayer to the Goddess
Gayatree, who has given me mental and spiritual strength to complete
this project work.


                                                ASHISH SRIVASTAVA
                                                        Signature

                                                                        7
              Preface                                                    2
              Declaration                                                3
              Certificate from Guide                                     4
              Acknowledgement                                            7
              Executive summary                                          9
                                   Table of contents

Particulars                                                             Page


Chapter 1: Project Profile:                                              11
          Problem Definition
          Objectives of the Study
          Scope of the study
          Justification Of the study
          Research Methodology
              Phase 1: Identification and Definition of the problem
              Phase 2: Determination of Information needs and Sources
              Phase 3: Collection of Secondary data
              Phase 4: Developing Research Frame
              Phase 5: Data Collection / Tabulation and Analysis
              Phase 6: Conclusion and Interpretation
          Limitations of the Study

Chapter 2: Company Profile                                               19
Chapter3:Introductory Perspective                                        22
      Introduction to the Luxury Brands
      Introduction to the Griffes
      Introduction to the Principles of Luxury Brands
      Introduction to the Luxury Brands in India

Chapter 4: Research Findings:
                                                                          34
       Sample Status
       Findings from survey
       Relational Analysis

Chapter 5: Analysis and Interpretation                                   64
Chapter 6: Conclusions and Suggestions                                   68
      Conclusions
Chapter7: Bibliography                                                   74
                                                                               8
                                 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY



The study is part of dissertation on Luxury brands. The small glimpse of the project is presented
in front of you to give an idea what the entire project includes in it. The project has main
emphasis on the scope of luxury and premium brands in India and there future in India. What is
the target audience present for luxury brands, what the customer psyche for a luxury brand is and
the strategies luxury labels are adopting are.




Project title:
Future of luxury brands in India.




Objectives of the project:
1.     To study the future of luxury brands in a developing country like India.
2.     To understand the customer psychology towards luxury brands and the changing
consumer behavior for an expensive product.




Scope of the study:


My study includes understanding the consumer behavior and why a person will purchase a
lifestyle product. Which segment on basis of demographics and on basis of psychographics is
interested in buying a luxury brand? For this we framed schedules and also do qualitative study
like shadowing to understand the true behavior of the people. Through this we researchers were
able to analysis the consumer behavior towards luxury brands. At the end of the project we will



                                                                                               9
also showcase certain strategies adopted by the luxury sellers and how it can increase its
consumer base in developing country like India.




Research methodology:


Project has information gathered from both from primary and secondary sources, the primary
sources will be survey done with schedules and through interviewing employees of the company
and luxury retail outlets. The secondary information was gathered through internet, brochures
and through old research papers etc. The sample size was 150 respondents of various luxury
retailers, their selection will be totally based on the non probability sampling.




                                                                                          10
CHAPTER 1




            11
                                 Project Profile
                                    Problem Definition
                           “Future of Luxury Brands in India”


Objectives of the project:
Before selling any brand its utmost important to judge and identify who is the target audience
and what is the perception they are holding about the brand. Researchers can fulfill all these
objectives through answering these four questions:


      Why (what are the benefits or value people are getting through a lifestyle products, this
       purpose should be very clear in the minds of all researchers that why we are doing such a
       research)
      For whom (who are the target audience for the luxury products)
      Against whom (What is the basic difference between a Premium brand, a Luxury brand
       and Griffe)
      When (determining the opportunities for luxury brands in a developing country)




The objectives of the study are:
   1. To study the future of luxury brands in a developing country like India
   2. To understand the customer psychology towards luxury brands and the changing
       consumer behavior for an expensive products.




                                                                                             12
                                     Scope of the Study


As the total strength of the universe is large and the time associated with obtaining information
from the viewers is less. The sample list contains retailers in NOIDA, Gurgoan, Delhi and Jaipur
which are accessible for me. With such a large sample list and no grouping of information, it was
essential to undertake NON RROBABILITY SAMPLING. I did not use PROBABILITY
SAMPLING because; in this population members have a known probability of being in the
sample. In my case because of there are huge number of readers that was not possible. I would
have had to develop a frame in probability sampling case and it might further complicate the
analysis. For non probability sampling I don‟t need to design a frame. Moreover in my opinion it
would facilitate the research as the responses obtained through this sample would be more
accurate and honest.


Sample size: 150 Respondents


Sampling unit: The sample list contains luxury retailers in NOIDA, Gurgoan, Delhi and Jaipur


Method: Schedule was filled up through questioning the respondents. Shadowing of some
Buyers was done to gain an insight into the mind of purchasers of luxury.


Sources of information: both secondary and primary data used for the research purpose




                                                                                              13
                                  Justification of Study


Luxury came from the Latin word “LUX” which means light. That tells the logic behind the
luxury items, they glitter. The second most important is luxury must be seen by consumers
and others. That is why luxury brand externalize their logo or name outside. The brand
signature must be seen explicitly and should be recognized worldwide. Made to perfection,
luxury items stand out and embody certain ideals. Luxury defines beauty, it is art applied to
functional items.




The problem with the word luxury is that it is at once a concept, a subjective impression and
a potential term, often subjected to moral criticism. Thus, what is luxury for some is just
ordinary for others; while some brands are qualified as “luxury brand” by one half of public
opinion, others are simply considered as “major brands” by the other half. Peal luxury brands
remain attractive, but the word itself has lost its clout and sparkle because of the economic
downturn in industrialized countries. The word luxury has fallen out a little: a hindrance to
market researchers, who wish to measure their customers‟ sensitivity to luxury. Luxury
brands are always in much more dilemma when they enter in a developing country about
there future as the target audience is very few and the consumer is slightly reluctant to shell
out that much of money in one go.


Hence, after a long discussion with seniors we came to do research on “Future of Luxury
Brands in India”




                                                                                            14
                                  Research methodology


Introduction
The research methodology establishes a framework of evaluation and revaluation of primary
and secondary research. The techniques and concepts used during primary research in order
to arrive at conclusion and findings; are also dealt with and lead to a logical deduction
towards the analysis.




Phase 1: Identification of the problem:
The problem with the word luxury is that it is at once a concept, a subjective impression and a
potential term, often subjected to moral criticism


Luxury brands are always in much more dilemma when they enter in a developing country
about there future as the target audience is very few and the consumer is slightly reluctant to
shell out that much of money in one go.


On the basis of problem identified we derive at the project title as
“Future of Luxury Brands in India”




Phase 2: Determination of information needs and sources
Researchers conducted an intensive secondary research to understand the concept of market
research, brand perception the sellers and buyers are carrying for the luxury brands.


    PRIMARY DATA RESEARCH


                                                                                            15
New data gathered to facilitate the research. Primary data was collected through schedules
filled up by questioning the respondents and also through shadowing some prospect readers
to understand the real insight of the reader.


    SECONDARY DATA RESEARCH
Secondary data is the information already exists somewhere, having been collected for
another purpose. Sources include websites, old journals, and old research papers. Data that
has already been collected and published for another research project (other than one in
hand) has been referred for the project.




Phase 3: Collection of secondary data:
Secondary data helps in understanding the nitty gritties of the project. Sources through which
data   was    collected   were    websites      (economictimes.com,   managementparadise.com,
wikipedia.com, etc), old journals, and old research papers.




Phase 4: Developing research frame:

Research frame refers to a borderline into which researchers have to perform their work. In
our project the nature of the research is descriptive in nature as we our describing the
perception of the target audience for the luxury brands, the target audience is identified on
the basis of demographics and psychographics. Demographic profile includes age, gender,
status, education, occupation and income whereas psychographic segmentation depends upon
the personality types and lifestyle pattern of the respondents. Data sources are both primary
and secondary as discussed earlier. Contact method is through schedules, interviewing the
respondents, shadowing.




                                                                                           16
Phase 5: Data collection, tabulation and analysis

Based on the type of data collected and the target segment with the appropriate statistical
methods, inferences should be made. The response set of one variable is compared with
another set of variables to ensure a detailed analysis of data.

Researchers kept a close watch on that what type of data is appropriate for each statistic and
able to recognize the level of measurement for the scales that you are analyzing.

Mean scores is important to know the degree to which respondents have shown an
inclination towards a pattern.

For judging who are the target audience on the basis of demographics and psychographics
Frequency distribution tables and graphs also are helpful for data analysis.




Phase 6: Conclusions and interpretations:

On the basis of different question asked in the schedules different hypothesis were
formulated and verified through the help of various tests. Pie charts, graphs were also made
on the basis of responses researchers get in through various respondents. Conclusion is
extracted on the basis of all collection, tabulation and analysis done.




                                                                                           17
Limitations of the research:


  1. Sample size of 150 to represent the entire Luxury buyer‟s strength is not a very
     significant sample of entire population.


  2. Study was mainly conducted by means of convenient sampling so a representative
     sample of the respondents could not be obtained.


  3. Respondents were hesitant and reluctant to reveal the entire information as though
     revealing truth may lower their self esteem.


  4. Researcher‟s own limited capabilities like personal biases, interpretation errors or
     limited knowledge to understand the respondents view points also one of the major
     limitations of the project




                                                                                      18
CHAPTER-2




            19
                                  COMPANY PROFILE


We as a Media Company, one among many others are trying to make a difference by our
presence in the market through a lifestyle media vehicle that is magazines and more to be added
to our gear soon. It is our good fortune of being born in a legendry journalist's family that is Mr
Dorilal Agarwal, founder of "Amar Ujala Newspaper" from Agra, Uttar Pradesh that we could
start a venture this big. Disha Bharti Media Pvt. Ltd. also being a very distant vision and mission
of our father Mr. Anil Agarwal again a well known name in the journalists fraternity, and our
grandfather Mr. Dorilal Agarwal who bestowed upon us their literary insight to grow into the
field of knowledge. It gives us immense pride and pleasure to introduce to you our Hindi
Magazine, Titled "WOMEN ON TOP" which has been launched under an initiative, by Disha
Bharti Media Pvt Ltd, Delhi.

A, name often speaks volumes, henceforth defining WOMENONTOP as an exclusive and
articulated Hindi Lifestyle magazine, from middle to higher class females would not be an over-
rated statement.

The objective being, to give a sense of bliss and contentment in the present days of Hustle and
Bustle, which is our magazine promises to give full INFOTAINMENT to the potential reader.
That being girls and women from the age of 15-60 and above. It is through our worth-wide
Media organ an effort has been made to integrate the readers of Delhi, NCR and Northern India
and soon, we shall cover the entire Indian Continent.

There are in-numerable magazines available in the market, dedicated individually to Fashion,
Lifestyle, Finance, Movies, Education, Computers, Gadgets, etc. But WOMEN ON TOP is a
combined effort with all the features, i.e. the content which has been accepted by the market.
And, so is not consisting of a particular segment of readers, whereas all age group enjoys the
same. The magazine has articles that provide the best tips on FASHION, TOURISM, FOOD
RECIPES, MOVIES, YOGA, HEALTH CARE, PERSONAL PROBLEMS, GARDENING,
PETS and more, i.e. all the infotainment that a woman wants to read and know more about. We
use the newest platform but the most effective as it reaches all over and among all at the same
time every month.

So we firmly believe, that this magazine, in future will surely add a name in the Indian Market
counting it to have the maximum number of happy and satisfied readers, And we are sure that
with your love and support we will and shall someday soon fulfill the dreams of our elders.




                                                                                                  20
21
CHAPTER 3




            22
                         Introductory Perspective

Introduction to the Luxury Brands


                                          What is luxury?


The problem with the word luxury is that it is at once a concept, a subjective impression and a
potential term, often subjected to moral criticism. Thus, what is luxury for some is just ordinary
for others; while some brands are qualified as “luxury brand” by one half of public opinion,
others are simply considered as “major brands” by the other half. Peal luxury brands remain
attractive, but the word itself has lost its clout and sparkle because of the economic downturn in
industrialized countries. The word luxury has fallen out a little: a hindrance to market
researchers, who wish to measure their customers‟ sensitivity to luxury.


In economic terms, luxury objects are those whose price/quality relationship is the highest on the
market. By quality, economists mean „what they know how to measure; in tangible functions.
Thus, a Mckinsey report defines luxury brands as those which have constantly been able to
justify a high price of products with comparable tangible functions. This strictly economic
definition of the luxury brand doesnot includes the notion of an absolute minimum threshold.
What counts, indeed is not absolute price, but the price differential between „luxury‟ products
and products with comparable functions. This can vary from Rs1000 for cologne to Rs10000.


As we see, this strictly economic perspective does not help differentiate the upper range brand
from the luxury brand and a FORTIORI and GRIFFE. Even Jaguar has always been cheaper then
Porsche, still the Jaguar is more luxurious than Porsche, which is considered as a sporty car.
Finally the economic approach can‟t clear the confusion because it is based on the following
dichotomy; a brand is or is not a luxury brand. Yet, as we shall see further on, it is time for us to
recognize that Dior is a griffe for one part of its activities, A luxury brand for the second part and
an upper-range brand for the third part. By wanting to classify the brand once and for all, we


                                                                                                   23
forgot to make appropriate distinctions according to its various functions and processes. It may
help to define upper range products as tangibles associated with a specific product category,
while luxury products are intangibles associated with values and ethics. Simultaneously
managing the 3 types of action of a given brand is precisely the challenge that luxury brand
managers face today.


                          The Luxury Industry According to Mckinsey:




   Price



                                                           Tangible functions




What does the luxury concept actually encompass? What are the essential attributes
of the luxury items?
Luxury came from the Latin word “LUX” which means light. That tells the logic behind the
luxury items, they glitter. The second most important is luxury must be seen by consumers and
others. That is why luxury brand externalize their logo or name outside. The brand signature
must be seen explicitly and should be recognized worldwide. Made to perfection, luxury items
stand out and embody certain ideals. Luxury defines beauty, it is art applied to functional items.



                                                                                                 24
Luxury, derived from the Latin word luxus, means indulgence of the senses, regardless of
cost. Luxury brands are brands whose ratio of functional utility to price is low while that of
intangible utility to price is high. Such brands share characteristics like consistent premium
quality, a heritage of craftsmanship, a recognizable style or design, a limited production run of
any item to ensure exclusivity, an element of uniqueness and an ability to keep coming up with
new designs when the category is fashion-intensive.



Like light luxury is enlightening (critics say they are blinding). Luxury brands are the tangible
references to the most sophisticated fashions of a given time. As such, these brands implicitly
convey their own culture and way of life; hence Saint Laurent is not Chanel. They offer more
than mere objects; they provide reference to good taste. That‟s why luxury management should
not only depend on customers expectations; luxury brands are animated by their internal
programme. Their overall vision and the specific taste which they promote, as well by the pursuit
of their own standards.


On a symbolic level, light means life and fertility. Luxury is thus both creation and the vital
source of inspiration. In effect, most luxury institutions were founded by creative genius, whose
constantly renewed inspiration attracted the attention of the ruling classes and the elite. Relating
to luxury requires two things: the monetary capacity to pay the price of quality and a propensity
to appreciate the object‟s artistic, creative and sensuous dimensions that is something beyond
mere practically. Luxury items provide extra pleasure and flatter all sense at once.


Luxury is the natural accomplishment of ruling classes. It is the natural accomplishment of the
ruling classes. It is indeed widely acknowledged that luxury plays a classifying role according to
which a restricted group bonds together and distances itself from the rest of society in terms of
price and preferences. In this respect, luxury brands are just perpetuating and exemplifying the
signs and the attitudes of the former aristocracy, yet has preserved the aristocrats‟ social ideal?
Luxury ennobles both object and its owner. Coats of arms have disappeared, but blazons and
brand seals are today‟s ostentatious adornments. Not many luxury symbols exist, but those that




                                                                                                 25
do represent the past privileges of the European aristocracy, living a life of leisure, free of all
workings, money and time.


Luxury constantly seeks to escape time constraints; by focusing on leisure or by concealing the
effects of time with wigs and face makeup. As for perfume, it also helped to distinguish
aristocrats from common folk. As we can see, it is significant that modern luxury brands have
fallen from the cosmetics and perfume industry, not to mention the other essential class
attributes; clothing and jewels.


                                   Luxury brands and Griffes:-


A good deal of confusion surrounds the meaning and relationship of these two terms. Many
people use the term griffe if a prestigious brand is applied to many different products. Others
claim that brand can become a griffes.


In reality, brands and griffes must be distinguished in terms of ground that cover and they work.
Confusion has been caused by the fact that some famous names e.g. Dior are griffes for one art
of their production and brands for another. Hence, a griffe can become a brand, but the reverse is
not true.


The law scarcely clarifies the difference between brands and griffes: in its eyes, a griffe is the
fixed image of a signature, set down to be used as a trademark. Fortunately, we can understand
the griffe concept by examining the word itself. A griffe has something to do with instinct,
violence and lighting: it coveys something unpredictable, that leaps out and leave its mark. The
griffe is the mark of an inspired and instinctive creator. The griffe‟s specific territory is clearly
that of pure creation. The griffe is a unique work of art that can never be reproduced.
That explains that mount Blanc, DuPont, Hugo boss are no longer the griffe they are luxury
brands. These are manufactured in factory not in workshop and they are produced in series not
one of its own kind.




                                                                                                  26
     This distinction among the luxury and the griffes can be explained through
                                    following pyramid.




                                           Griffe
                                                                      Aura

                                          The luxury
                                            brand
         Money

                                  The upper range brand




                               The luxury and the brand system
                                        The brand



Principles of luxury management:


Historians and sociologists have pointed out some of the basic principles of luxury brand
management: for instance, the necessity of protecting clients from non clients by creating a
distance, a no mix area, or as economists would put it, entrance barriers for those who are not
invited. Luxury brands must be desired by all but consumed by the only few lucky ones. This
outward and inward dialectic is reflected by a combination of relative visibility in the
media with very restricted diffusion. That is why luxury awareness should be superior to its
penetration.




                                                                                            27
Loss of control occurs preciously when luxury brands no longer protect their clients from the non
clients. The infinite multiplication of Vuitton bags also hinders the distinctive features of luxury
and same goes with channel t-shirts.


The genuine luxury brands ensure that both frame and picture the exterior and interior are worth
the same. If the two get disconnected, the luxury brands enter the realm of sham and abdicate in
favor of counterfeit.


Luxury is always meant to be slightly excessive: excess in detail, excess in care, excess in
precaution, all reflecting a traditional way of working which scarcely exists in this age of
standardization and cost minimization. This does not means that the past is a shrine, as some
luxury brands unfortunately tend to think: in worshipping tradition so, they might end up
disappearing along with ageing clients. The challenge modern luxury now faces is to please and
preserve today‟s consumers.


Having fully understood that, Cartier introduced steel in its watches, but still presented it as a
precious metal. Likewise, Hermes traditional crocodile or leather suitcase is now available in
carbon fiber yet its interior still contains numerous personalizing details and made of soft and
sensual leather.


Luxury brands perpetuate an exceptionally high level of quality. For them a wide variety of
sensations count as much as wide variety of functions. That is why they use the finest materials
for their products and extensively customize them in order to prove how customer focused they
are. Neither the rarity of the object nor the potency of the brand image can alone continue to
justify the price differential. As we see, luxury defines the ideal degree of personalization and
sublimation of a given object against which the more basic brands can measure themselves.




                                                                                                 28
                              Brand Awareness and Desire:


This outward and inward dialectic is reflected by a combination of relative visibility in the
media with very restricted diffusion. That is why luxury awareness should be superior to its
penetration. The need always to preserve a differential between brand awareness and brand
diffusion. This was confirmed by RSIC (1991) in their recent survey of 12,500 people aged 15
and above throughout Europe. Presented with a list of luxury brands the participants were asked
to say which ones they knew (awareness), which ones they dreamed of (attractiveness) and
which ones, if any, they had purchased in one form or other.


Those who know the brand are divided into two further groups of buyers and dreamers. By
analysiing each brand, it has thus been possible to identify 4 different situations that is, four
customer types:


   1. The buyers who still dream of the brand are addicts. They are brand’s proselytes. They
       must be encouraged and rewarded for their loyalty.


   2. The buyers who no longer dream of the brand are called Blasé, they are saturated.
       Their desire must be revived.


   3. The non buyers who dream of the brand and don’t purchase because of whatever
       reason, these should be encouraged by various means.


   4. Finally, those no buyers who also don’t dream of brand are called the indifferent
       ones.




                                                                                              29
                      Seduction




                                                                             Cartier

                                                                  Rolex

                                               Lacoste
                                                                          Cardin
                                      Armani
                                                         Chivas
                        Vuitton                                                Awareness Usage
                                                   Dunhill




                                  Brand Awareness and Desire




Introduction to the Luxury Brands in India


                  Indian luxury market may boom to US$ 30 billion by 2015


No stranger to Bharat, luxury is all set for an unprecedented flourish here as the Indian
consumer has overcome the guilt pangs associated for ages with indulgence. The size of the
luxury market in India is estimated at around $3.5 billion, and what’s best, given the right
impetus, it could easily leapfrog to $30-billion by 2015.


Indians are lapping up luxury assets, services and goods with voracious appetite, according to a
comprehensive survey done by AT Kearney for The Economic Times. Indians splurge $2.9
billion on luxury assets (essentially private jets and luxury homes, cars or yachts and art), spend

                                                                                                 30
another $953 million on luxury services and top it by buying luxury goods worth $377 million,
said the survey which was unveiled here on Thursday at ET‟s first-ever luxury conference,
Dialogue on Luxury.


Be it private jets, art, yachts, luxury homes, top-of-the-line cars, spas, fine dining, travel,
holidays, jewellery, state-of-the-art electronics, wines & spirits, apparels or personal care
products like perfume, the confident Indian consumer is going for it all. “I have arrived and I
want it,” is what resurgent India‟s creamy layer feels.


The typical luxury brand consumer is in the 25-34 age brackets, usually an industrialist. The
survey indicates that there is no guilt feeling associated with spending on luxury, according to
Neelesh Hundekari of AT Kearney. Briefing participants at the conference he said there was
strong growth in consumption of key luxury items and the potential was stronger. The Indian
consumer wants to get the best before others, demands value for money through tough
negotiations, and looks forward to recognition and respect.




The conference was kicked off by commerce & industry minister Kamal Nath and Lady Lynn
Forester de Rothschild, founder & CEO of EL Rothschild LLC, the audience included designers,
hoteliers, luxury brand marketers, decision-makers, aviation specialists, corporate honchos and
Delhi‟s connoisseurs.


Apart from industrialists, the big spenders identified in the survey include professionals, self-
employed and top guns working for leading corporate. Consumers of luxury are located across
the nation, be it Kanyakumari or Kancheepuram in the south, Jalandhar and Lucknow in the
north, Surat and Pune in the west or Asansol in the east. Mumbai, Delhi and Bangalore are the
top three cities in terms of rupee millionaires, said Mr Hundekari as the audience soaked in the
findings and thirsted for more.




                                                                                              31
A very interesting fact highlighted by the survey was the potential of India to be a source of
luxury goods for consumers across the world. Manufacturing of luxury items in India can grow
to $500 million and India‟s strengths include traditional craftsmanship and low labor cost.


There are a number of challenges too, for the luxury business and this include paucity of trained
manpower, regulatory issues and high taxation, the survey pointed out. The import duty on
premium cars, for example, stood at 205% while wines & spirits invite 185% customs levy.


The survey also pointed out that that import duty was high in the case of personal care items,
fragrances, leather accessories and watches. Lack of quality retail space was another reason
hampering growth of the industry. While development of quality space will happen once real
estate picks up, the industry needs to spend on training to generate quality manpower. Poaching
may not help and such tendencies will only hurt the entire industry.


On the regulatory side, the survey also highlighted that restrictions on foreign direct investment
(FDI) in retail was hindering growth of the industry. Since the luxury market is not organised,
the organisations concerned are not working together on industry issues. As a result growth
remains below potential and regulatory issues are not being pursued vigorously.


As compared to markets like the US, Japan, Germany and even China, the size of the Indian
luxury market is small but the growth potential is tremendous. The number of high networth
individuals is increasing and the tendency to opt for global brands increases as more and more
Indians travel abroad, the survey said.




                                                                                               32
               Few interesting facts about Indian Luxury brands:

1) In a recent study, Global Consulting firm McKinsey discovered the following trends:

          Overall Indian consumption will triple by 2025, and 80 percent of the spending
           will come through income growth.
          Spending across all economic segments is up 40 to 50 percent.
          The global class of consumers, who buy top-branded and luxury items is expected
           to grow tenfold by 2025 to 23 million.




2) India Luxury Trends 2008 divides consumers for luxury goods into four categories:
          Luxuriented: Source of affluence is largely traditional and inherited wealth.
           Most importantly, they have high levels of exposure and awareness to world-class
           living.
          New Rich: Adequate spending power. Acquiring orientation to luxury.
          Getting There: Acquiring spending power. Spend mainly on high-end white
           goods, education of children, better housing, and larger automobiles.
          Mid Affluents: Acquiring orientation to luxury, but unlikely to indulge beyond a
           limit




                                                                                         33
CHAPTER 4




RESEARCH
FINDINGS




            34
                                  Sample Status
   1. Gender wise classification of the responding sample:



               GENDER                             NO. OF RESPONDENTS
                MALES                                         67
               FEMALES                                        83
                TOTAL                                        150




Sample size which was taken for the research is 150, out of which 55% are female & 45%
are male respondents.


                                                                                         35
   2. Age wise classification of the responding sample:




                  AGE                            No. Of Respondents
                  18-24                                   24
                  25-34                                   44
                  35-44                                   36
                  45-54                                   29
               55 or more                                 17
                  Total                                   150




Maximum number of respondents are from age group of 25-34 & 35-44, which covers 54%
of the whole sample size.


                                                                                  36
3. Occupation wise classification of the responding sample:




          Occupation                          No. of Respondents

            Student                                   29

            Service                                   65

         Self Employed                                56




                                                                   37
   4. Income wise classification of the responding sample:




                 Income                                  No. of Respondents

             Rs 10,000-19,999                                    14

             Rs 19,999-29,999                                    37

             Rs 30,000-39,999                                    45
             Rs 40,000-49,999                                    28

            Rs 50,000 or More                                    26




During the research process maximum respondents are covered from 19,999-29,999 & 30,000-
39,999 income group. This group is mainly considered as main target customers for luxury
items.



                                                                                           38
                          FINDINGS FROM THE SURVEY:
                                  (Primary Research)
To understand the dynamics of age on the readership of lifestyle magazines this information
is obtained:


Which Age group is most interested in buying Luxury products?
                  AGE                                 No. Of Respondents
                  18-24                                         24
                  25-34                                         52
                  35-44                                         43
                  45-54                                         25
                55 or more                                       6
                  Total                                         150


                                                                                 Analysis

                                                                                  Accordin
                                                                                 g to the
                                                                                 responden
                                                                                 ts,     Age
                                                                                 group    of
                                                                                 25-34      is
                                                                                        most
                                                                                  interested
in buying Luxury goods that is around 34% followed by Age Group of 35-44.
Income usually affects the lifestyle and attitude of individuals which might shape choice of
the products you buy, to know more on this issue respondent gave the following reply:




                                                                                          39
Does purchase of Luxury is directly related to income level?


                 Answers                                  No. of Respondents
                    Yes                                            138
                    No                                             12




Analysis

The result was totally skewed to one side and respondents agree that Purchase of Luxury
Products is totally related to the Income level of an Individual which is 92%.




Income usually affects the lifestyle and attitude of individuals which might shape choice of
the products you buy, to know more on this issue respondent gave the following reply:



                                                                                         40
Who are the potential target customers of luxury goods who generally have income bracket of?
                  Income                                 No. of Respondents
             Rs 10,000-19,999                                     12
             Rs 19,999-29,999                                     19
             Rs 30,000-39,999                                     34
             Rs 40,000-49,999                                     41
            Rs 50,000 or More                                     44




Analysis

Through the Above Pie Chart it is totally clear that there is a clear linear relation between the
income level and purchase of Luxury goods. As the income level of an individual increases so
there is increase in Purchase of Luxury Goods.
There are number of factors which affect the purchase preferences of the customers like
price, quality, availability, etc. to know the actual impact of the following parameters on the
purchase preferences of the customers this question was asked to the respondents.


                                                                                              41
Rank the following parameters on your purchase preference ?

 Answers                                      No. of respondents
 Price                                        39
 Quality                                      50
 Availability                                 31
 Involvement                                  19
 Recommendation                               11
 Total                                        150




Analysis
Most of the respondents prefer quality followed by price and availability. This response shows
that customers are ready to pay of quality.
People purchase products because they find some sort of value in it. If the benefit is more
than the purchasing price the product is beneficial for them. To understand what sort of
benefits usually a customer derives from a luxury product, following question is being asked:




                                                                                           42
Why does one person purchase a Luxury Brand?


                   Value                               No. of Respondents
                  Quality                                      16
               Flaunt Value                                    61
              Interested in art                                28
                Exclusivity                                    45




Analysis

In opinion of Respondents, majority of People buy luxury product because they want to flaunt
their superiority over others. Followed by those people who really have taste of art and
exclusiveness of the luxury that is around 30%.


Always customers are looking for quality in products that‟s why they go for shopping of
luxury products, to know more on this issue respondent gave the following reply:




                                                                                         43
Quality of Luxury brands are more superior then others?
 Answers                                             No. of respondents
 Strongly Agree                                      42
 Agree                                               64
 Neutral                                             25
 Disagree                                            12
 Strongly Disagree                                   7
 Total                                               150




Analysis
Our assumption is correct, about 73% of the respondents believe in the superior quality of luxury
products.
People purchase products because they find some sort of value in it. If the benefit is more
than the purchasing price the product is beneficial for them. To understand what sort of
benefits usually a customer derives from a luxury product, following question is being asked:




                                                                                              44
Value derive from luxury brands is more then others ?
 Answers                                        No. of respondents
 Strongly agree                                 31
 Agree                                          70
 Neutral                                        32
 Disagree                                       12
 Strongly Disagree                              5
 Total                                          150




Analysis
About 70% of the respondents agreed that luxury brands provides value of the money. Luxury
products give more value to the customers, so then it becomes beneficial to them.
To have a good relationship with the customers their should be good services for them, to
know more about the services provided by the luxury brands following question was asked to
the respondents.



                                                                                       45
Services provided by luxury brands is better then others ?
 Answers                                          No. of respondents
 Strongly Agree                                   35
 Agree                                            73
 Neutral                                          23
 Disagree                                         13
 Strongly disagree                                6
 Total                                            150




Analysis
About 72% of the respondents are of the view that service quality in luxury brands is more
superior then other brands.
Generaly people believe that luxury items are for high income group, to know more about
following question was asked to the respondents.




                                                                                       46
Luxury brands are prefer by high income groups ?
 Answers                                        No. of respondents
 Strongly Agree                                 33
 Agree                                          70
 Neutral                                        25
 Disagree                                       19
 Strongly Disagree                              3
 Total                                          150




Analysis
Here we can see that most of the responses are in faviour of our assumption that maine target
customers for luxury brands are hing in come group. About 70% believe that luxury brand is for
high income group people.


There are various factors which affect the luxury market in both ways either positive or
negative. To understand which factor affect most, the following information was gathered.




                                                                                            47
Rank the following Socio Economic factors which affect the Luxury market?


           Socio economic factors                           No. of Respondents
 Change in lifestyle (like household patterns)                     44
                 Retail boom                                       33
               Working women                                       31
           Rise in living standards                                42




Analysis

Change in lifestyle is the factor which affects the luxury sales most, followed by the Rise in
living standards and Retail boom. These factors are very less skewed that shows all the factors
affect the sale of luxury goods almost at the same level.
I classified brands into three maine parts local, luxury & International brands, to know the
buying behaviour of the people and on this issue respondent gave the following reply




                                                                                            48
Which brands you prefer to shop ?
 Answers                                            No. of respondents
 local brands                                       54
 Luxury brands                                      66
 International Brands                               30
 Total                                              150




Analysis
Here we can see that now a days most of the people prefer to shop luxury brands. A major part
purchase luxury brand followed by local brands. International brand has least share.
Following question is frame to find out the impact of real estate (commercial), retail i.e mall
concept on the sale of luxury product, like from where actualy customers prefer to shop?




                                                                                            49
Where do you prefer to shop ?
 Answers                                     No. of respondents
 Local market                                40
 Malls                                       69
 Brand outlets                               33
 Others                                      8
 Total                                       150




Analysis
Most of the people like to purchase from Malls followed by local market and brand outlets. This
shows that real estate (commercial) mall concept have such a high impact on the sale of luxury
items.
India being a developing country is not an attractive hub for luxury brands till recent years
but now the scenario seems to be changing.




                                                                                            50
Do you still go abroad to shop for Luxury products?


                 Answers                                 No. of Respondents
                   Yes                                            65
                    No                                            85




Analysis

From the above pie chart we can see that now India is growing as a luxury market for the people
who are real luxury lovers and they don‟t have to go to foreign lands to purchase one. People are
able to choose among the large variety of luxury brands which are now present in India also.
To understand the Demographic composition and the Awareness about the luxury brands the
following question has been asked:




                                                                                               51
Do sale of lifestyle products only restricted to Metros?


                 Answers                                   No. of Respondents
                    Yes                                            79
                    No                                             71




Analysis

There is a mix of opinion about the sale of luxury brand is more in metros or not. From the above
pie chart we can see that there is a very little skew between the respondents who said no and who
said yes.
Many respondents said that tier II cities are also emerging as a nice ground for luxury goods like
Pune, Jaipur, Chandigarh, Noida etc.
For some luxury is buying a premium product once in a life and for some buying in few
months. To understand the future of luxury sales it is imperative to know how often one
purchases a product.

                                                                                               52
How often they indulge in luxury in their lifestyles as opposed to buying the ordinary brand?
                Time Duration                              No. of Respondents
               Once in a month                                       9
              Once in a 6 month                                     25
                Once in a Year                                      41
                Once in 5 years                                     38
               Once in 10 years                                     25
               Once in a lifetime                                   12




Analysis

The above diagram depicts that there are most number of people who buy luxury brands once in
a year followed by those who buy once in five year and by those who buy once in a 6 month.
The GDP is growing and the Number of HNI‟s are also growing at a very high rate, still
there are some reasons because of which luxury sales are not able to take a flight in India. To
understand those reasons lets see the following result:




                                                                                                53
What are the problems because of which luxury brands are not able to take a flight in India?
                     Reasons                                 No. of Respondents
               Conservative Thinking                                  29
           Lack of Organized Retailing                                44
                   High Rentals                                       23
                  High Taxation                                       54




Analysis

According to the respondents high import duty is main reason why sales of luxury brands in not
taking flight. The import duty on premium cars, for example, stood at 205% while wines &
spirits invite 185% customs levy, followed by the lack of serious organized retailing.

Due to less sales luxury brands generally fall into trap of discounting and that goes very true
in case of a developing country like India. To understand this question following information
is gathered.




                                                                                               54
Luxury brands generally fall into the trap of Discounting due to fewer Sales?



                 Answers                                 No. of Respondents
                   Yes                                            57
                    No                                            93




Analysis

About 62% respondents said that luxury brands don‟t fall into trap of discounting due to fewer
sales and around 38% people agreed that yes luxury brands fall into trap of discounting
The infinite multiplication of Vuitton bags also hinders the distinctive features of luxury and
same goes with channel t-shirts. Counterfeit products hamper the growth of luxury brands.
So we gathered the following information to understand the real insight.




                                                                                            55
Do Chinese Counterfeit products hamper the Luxury Brands in India?


                   Answers                              No. of Respondents
                     Yes                                         44
                     No                                          106




Analysis

The result was astounding and 71% respondents said that no, counterfeit products don‟t hamper
the sale of the luxury sales. Whereas, 29% agree that counterfeit products do hamper the sale of
luxury products.
Awareness is utmost necessary for any brand. So, to understand the ways through which
luxury brands can make the people aware most about their brand in order to enhance both
awareness and recall following information was gathered.




                                                                                             56
What should International Luxury Brands do to woo Indian consumers?


                Techniques                              No. of Respondents
            Sensory Gratification                                33
           Celebrity Endorsement                                 53
              Word of Mouth                                      28
              Public Relations                                   36




Analysis

Around 30% respondents said that the Celebrity endorsement is most affective technique to woo
Indian consumers followed by the Public Relation technique like done by the Body Shop.




                                                                                          57
                                 Relational Analysis

   1. Which brands you prefer to shop * Quality of Luxury brands are more superior
       then others.




Analysis
It is come to notice that about 50 respondent who prefer Luxury brand feels that quality of
Luxury brand is superior to other brands. While there are 37 respondents who are users of local
brands believe the superiority of luxury brands over others. This shows that those who use local
brands are probably not satisfied with the brand and will shift if constraints like Income etc. are
removed.




                                                                                                58
   2. Which brands you prefer to shop * Value derive from luxury brands is more then
          others.




Analysis
We can extract from the above graph that, 39 respondents who are users of luxury brands are
satisfied with the value derived from it. While users of local brands are not deriving the value of
their money and feel that by using luxury brands, one can derive their value of money. In short,
we can say that more than 50% of the respondents believe that, value of money is more in luxury
brands.




                                                                                                59
   3. Which brands you prefer to shop * Services provided by luxury brands is better
       then others.




Analysis
When we talk about the services provided in each brand, we can see that not only users of luxury
brands but also users of local as well as international brands believe that services are good in
luxury brands. So, there is a probability of shifting from local and international to luxury brands
at least by those who prefer good services while selecting a brand.




                                                                                                60
   4. Which brands you prefer to shop * Luxury brands are prefer by high income
       groups.




Analysis
Clearly visible from the graph that about 70% of the respondents irrespective of users of brands
have stereotyping belief that “Luxury Brand – Must be for High Income Group”. This shows that
the main target segment of luxury brand is high income group customers.




                                                                                             61
   5. Which brands you prefer to shop * Age group is most interested in buying Luxury
       products.




Analysis
The above graph shows the changes in brand preferences depend on the age of the customers. As
we can see from the chart that, more luxury brands is used during 25-34 years of age while it
shows a continuous decline in usage of luxury brand with increasing in age.




                                                                                          62
6.   Which brands you prefer to shop * monthly salary of respondent.




Analysis
We can see that about 69% of respondents who have their income between 40000 to 49999
prefer Luxury Brands, while only 45% respondents who have their income of 50000 to 59999
prefer to shop luxury brands.




                                                                                     63
Chapter 5:




             64
                  Analysis and Interpretation
ANALYSIS OF FINDINGS


Trend Analysis of Sale of Luxury Goods:
      Considering that more than 200 top global luxury brands are currently at various stages of
       setting up shop in India, which is considered to be among the markets offering biggest
       growth potential.


      The current figure of sale of Luxury goods in $5.1 billion and The Indian luxury market
       is expected to double by 2012 and further double by 2016 that is around $20 billion in
       2015.



Analysis on basis of Schedule:


      The study finds that cities like Pune, Ahmedabad and Surat with high numbers of rupee
       millionaire households, are potential targets of low ticket size luxury brands, while
       Baroda, Hyderabad and Asansol are targets of large ticket size luxury items.


      India has one of the highest duties/taxes on imported luxury goods, which drive the grey
       market and duty free purchases, while the stringent regulatory environment impedes
       investment by foreign brands. There are a number of challenges; too, for the luxury
       business and this include paucity of trained manpower, regulatory issues and high
       taxation, the survey pointed out. The import duty on premium cars, for example, stood at
       205% while wines & spirits invite 185% customs levy.


      luxury retail prices have zoomed to around Rs1,000 ($25) a sq. ft from around Rs400
       ($10) two years ago




                                                                                              65
      One more interesting analysis which came out was that that more than 70% of the
       respondents believe that Chinese counterfeit products don‟t hamper the sale of luxury
       brands as the person who is interested in luxury brands will not purchase the counterfeit
       one. Whereas, some said yes it will hamper the luxury brand not only through sales but
       also to the exclusive nature of the brand will also be hampered.


      According to respondents, brand awareness should be through the medium of celebrity
       endorsement that is around 30%. Many famous personalities are linked with luxury
       brands like shahrukh khan, sushmita sen, ashwariya rai etc. second most attractive
       technique is public relations which we can see is successfully done by Body Shop of
       Anita Roddick.


      There are various resons why sale of luxury goods is taking flight in a developing country
       like India, the few main resons which can be counted are Change in lifestyle (like
       household patterns), Retail boom, Working women, Rise in living standards




      One of the surprising findings of the study aided by primary research with Indian Market
       Research Bureau (IMRB) was the demographic profile of the Indian luxury consumer.
       Based on their research and findings, 52 per cent of luxury expenditure is exercised by
       consumers belonging to the 25 to 34 year age bracket


      About 36% of the luxury consumers said they preferred buying abroad as they believed
       the range was available ahead of India, while 34% said they shopped overseas because
       the “show off” value was higher


   Due to less sales Luxury brands also fall into trap of discounting, this is a main threat of any
luxury brand. The retailer may turn the exclusivity of the brand down if he didn‟t get the proper
returns.




                                                                                                66
INTERPRETATIONS:


It was found that:

  1) There are a number of challenges; too, for the luxury business and this include paucity of
     trained manpower, regulatory issues and high taxation, the survey pointed out. The
     import duty on premium cars, for example, stood at 205% while wines & spirits invite
     185% customs levy.


  2) India has an exponential growth in market size of luxury goods it is due to various factors
     like Change in lifestyle (like household patterns), Retail boom, Working women, Rise in
     living standards.




                                                                                             67
Chapter 6




            68
                                    Conclusions

5.1 Conclusions:

There are many multinational luxury brands which are entering in India with their full pace like
Jimmy Choo, Gucci, Christian Dior, Louis Vuitton, Cartier, Piaget, Tiffany, Moschino, Prada,
Fendi and others. More than 200 luxury brands are present or in line of opening their shop in
India. All this rush is registered due to highest growth in HNI‟s which is around 25% per year
and growing GDP.


There are many other reasons because of which market size of luxury brands is also boosting
which are Change in lifestyle (like household patterns), Retail boom, Working women, Rise in
living standards. Luxury brands can also increase their brand awareness and sales through
celebrity endorsements. The things which are hampering the growth of luxury market is high
import duty, lack of organized retailing, Chinese counterfeit products.


By keeping the above points in mind we can conclude despite being few difficulties luxury
Brands have a great future ahead in India.




                                                                                             69
                                          Questionnaire
                                                      For
                              “Future of Luxury Brands in India”
1. How often do you go for shopping?
   within a week__                  within a month__
   within 6 months__                within a year__


2. With whom generally you go for shopping?
   Spouse___                 Family members___
   Friends___                Colleagues____


3. Where do you prefer to shop?
   Local market___                  Malls__
   Brand outlets___                 Others__


4. Which brands you prefer to shop?
   local brands__
   Luxury brands___
   International Brands___


5. On what parameters you select brands?
   Price____                 Quality___
   Availability___           Involvement___
   Recommendation___


6. Rank the following parameters on your purchase preference? (1 – Highest & 5 – Lowest)
   Price                     ___
   Quality                   ___
   Availability              ___
   Involvement               ___
   Recommendation            ___




                                                                                           70
7. Please tell on a scale of 1 to 5, where 1 means “Strongly Disagree” and 5 means “Strongly
   Agree” for the following statements on Luxury Brands –


                                       Strongly                                         Strongly
               Statement                             Agree        Neutral   Disagree
                                         agree                                          disagree

   Quality of Luxury brands are
   more superior then others

   Value derive from luxury brands
   is more then others

   Services provided by luxury
   brands is better then others

   Luxury brands are prefer by high
   income groups



8. According to you which Age group is most interested in buying Luxury products?
   18-24__           25-34__
   35-44__           45-54__       55 or over__



9. Does purchase of Luxury is directly related to income level?
   Yes____
   No____



10. Who are the potential target customers of luxury goods who generally have income bracket of?
   Monthly Salary:


   Rs.20, 000-Rs.29, 999__                                   Rs.30, 000-Rs.39, 999__
   Rs.40, 000-Rs.49, 999__                                   Rs.50, 000-Rs.59, 999__
   Rs.60, 000 or more__




                                                                                                   71
11. Why does one person purchase a Luxury Brand?
    Quality_____                     Flaunt value_____
    Interested in art_____           Exclusivity_____
12. Rank the following Socio Economic factors which affect the Luxury market?
    Change in lifestyle (like household patterns) _____
    Retail boom______
    Working women______
    Rise in living standards______


13. Do you still go abroad to shop for Luxury products?
    Yes____
    No____



14. Do sale of lifestyle products only restricted to Metros?
    Yes____
    No____



15. What are the problems because of which luxury brands are not able to take a flight in India?
    Conservative Thinking ______                      High Rentals______
    Lack of Organized Retailing______                 High Taxation______



16. Luxury brands generally fall into the trap of Discounting due to fewer Sales?
    Yes____
    No ____



17. Do Chinese Counterfeit products hamper the Luxury Brands in India?
    Yes ____
    No _____
    If, Yes how ________________________________________________________



18. What should International Luxury Brands do to woo Indian consumers?

                                                                                                   72
   Sensory Gratification_____             Word of Mouth_____
   Celebrity Endorsement_____             Public Relations_____


 Name: ____________________
 Gender: Male___         Female____
 Status: Married__       Single_____
 Age: 18-24__      25-34__        35-44__        45-54__         55 or over__
 Occupation: Student__         Self Employed__   Service__
 Monthly Salary:
   Rs.20, 000-Rs.29, 999__                               Rs.30, 000-Rs.39, 999__
   Rs.40, 000-Rs.49, 999__                               Rs.50,         000-Rs.59,   999__
   Rs.60, 000 or more__




                                                                                       73
                             BIBLIOGRAPHY:

1. Research Methodology, Methods and techniques (Second Edition) By C. R. Kothari
   (New Age International Publishers)


2. Articles related to Luxury brands, brand awareness and brand perception through “Brand
   Management” by Kaphler


3. Gathered information regarding economic conditions of India through WWW.
   Wikipedia.com


4. WWW. Indianbrandequityfoundation.com


5. Gathered secondary data of HNI‟s from WWW.dspmerrilllynch.com and WWW.
   Capgemini.com


6. WWW. Economictimes.com


7. Gathered information regarding luxury consumption patterns by HNI‟s through
   WWW.hindubusinessline.com


8. Read articles related to Luxury Retailing in India through WWW. Creditsussie.com.



9. Articles related to different factors affecting sale of luxury brands through WWW.
   Managementparadise.com.




                                                                                       74