In jurisdictions protected by career fire departments, where the vast majority of the available funding goes toward paying firefighter salaries, the question becomes, "How do you defend adequate staffing levels when challenged to cut the budget?" NFPA 1710, Organization and Deployment oj Fire Suppression Operations, Emergency Medical Operations and Special Operations to the Public by Career Fire Departments, answers that question by itemizing the minimum staffing needed to effectively conduct an offensive operation in a typical two-story, 2,000-square-foot (1 86-square-meter), single-family residential structure that does not have a basement. [...] the Report on Residential Fireground Field Experiments, released last year by the National Institute of Standards and Technology and available at nist.gov, provides the scientific evidence needed to validate the requirements enumerated in NFPA 1710.
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