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Essentials Firefighter I Rescue and Extrication Chapter

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					Firefighter I                                                            Rescue and Extrication




                                  Chapter 8 Test
Name:                                                       Date:

Directions: Write the correct letter on the blank before each question.


Objective 1:
Distinguish between rescue and extrication operations.
________        1.     Incidents involving the removal of victims from entrapment by
                       structural collapse are known as: (305)
                       A.      rescues.
                       B.      salvations.
                       C.      extrications.
                       D.      removal operations.

________        2.     Incidents involving the disentanglement and removal of victims from
                       vehicles or machinery are known as: (305)
                       A.      rescues.
                       B.      salvations.
                       C.      extrications.
                       D.      removal operations.

Objective 2:
Summarize safety guidelines for search and rescue personnel
operating within a burning building.
________        3.     If backdraft conditions are apparent, attempt entry: (306)
                       A.      immediately.
                       B.      after ventilation has started.
                       C.      before beginning ventilation.
                       D.      only after ventilation is complete.




Fire Protection Publications                                                        Chapter Test
Oklahoma State University                                                                    8-1
Firefighter I                                                               Rescue and Extrication


________        4.     When operating within a burning building, search and rescue
                       personnel should work in teams of at least ___ or more. (307)
                       A.      2
                       B.      3
                       C.      4
                       D.      5

________        5.     If fire is encountered during a search, close the door, report the
                       condition, and: (308)
                       A.      exit the area immediately.
                       B.      begin fire suppression activities.
                       C.      wait for all team members to arrive.
                       D.      be guided by your supervisor's orders.

Objective 3:
Explain the objectives of a building search.
________        6.     Which of the following is one of the two primary objectives of a
                       building search? (309)
                       A.      Locating victims
                       B.      Extinguishing fire
                       C.      Determining the fire load
                       D.      Determining the structure's floor plan

________        7.     Which of the following is one of the two primary objectives of a
                       building search? (309)
                       A.      Assessing egress options
                       B.      Reporting information to Command
                       C.      Obtaining information about the location and extent of the fire
                       D.      Determining the number of windows and doors in the structure

Objective 4:
Describe primary search and secondary search.
________        8.     Which of the following is a rapid but thorough search that is
                       performed either before or during fire suppression operations? (309)
                       A.      Primary search
                       B.      Tertiary search
                       C.      Secondary search
                       D.      Rapid intervention




Fire Protection Publications                                                         Chapter Test
Oklahoma State University                                                                     8-2
Firefighter I                                                             Rescue and Extrication


________        9.     During the ___ search, be sure to check the known or likely locations
                       of victims as quickly as conditions allow. (311)
                       A.      primary
                       B.      tertiary
                       C.      secondary
                       D.      rapid intervention

________ 10.           Which of the following is conducted after the fire is under control and
                       the greatest hazards have been controlled? (314)
                       A.      Primary search
                       B.      Tertiary search
                       C.      Secondary search
                       D.      Rapid intervention search

________ 11.           The secondary search should be conducted by personnel other than
                       those who conducted the: (314)
                       A.      extrication.
                       B.      tertiary search.
                       C.      primary search.
                       D.      rapid intervention search.

Objective 5:
Discuss conducting search operations.
________ 12.           Standard search priorities of the ___ search include largest numbers,
                       remainder of hazard zone, and exposures. (309)
                       A.      tertiary
                       B.      primary
                       C.      secondary
                       D.      rapid intervention

________ 13.           During the primary search, firefighters should ALWAYS use: (309-
                       314)
                       A.      a tag line.
                       B.      forcible entry.
                       C.      the buddy system.
                       D.      closed-circuit SCBA.




Fire Protection Publications                                                       Chapter Test
Oklahoma State University                                                                   8-3
Firefighter I                                                                Rescue and Extrication




________ 14.           Which of the following is NOT a possible benefit of crawling on hands
                       and knees during a primary search? (310)
                       A.      It   can increase visibility.
                       B.      It   is faster than walking.
                       C.      It   is usually noticeably cooler.
                       D.      It   can reduce chances of tripping.

________ 15.           Which of the following statements about executing a primary search
                       is MOST accurate? (310-311)
                       A.      Start the search in the middle of each room.
                       B.      Start the search as close to the fire as possible.
                       C.      Start the search as far away from the fire as possible.
                       D.      Do not search closets, shower stalls, or bathrooms.

________ 16.           During the primary search, which of the following pieces of
                       information should NOT be reported to Command? (311-312)
                       A.      Negative information
                       B.      Essential information
                       C.      Nonessential information
                       D.      Information regarding unsearched areas

________ 17.           In a search line system, the two knots after the second ring indicate
                       what distance from the beginning of the line? (312)
                       A.      20   feet   (6 m)
                       B.      40   feet   (12 m)
                       C.      60   feet   (18 m)
                       D.      80   feet   (24 m)

________ 18.           Implementing the search line system requires a team with a
                       minimum of how many members? (313)
                       A.      1
                       B.      2
                       C.      3
                       D.      4

________ 19.           What is the title of the search line system member who picks up the
                       rope bag and enters the search area? (313)
                       A.      Lead
                       B.      Searcher
                       C.      Navigator
                       D.      Command


Fire Protection Publications                                                             Chapter Test
Oklahoma State University                                                                         8-4
Firefighter I                                                                Rescue and Extrication


________ 20.           Which of the following is MOST important to the secondary search?
                       (314-315)
                       A.      Speed
                       B.      Threats
                       C.      Exposures
                       D.      Thoroughness

________ 21.           When searching multistory buildings, which of the following actions
                       should be taken once critical areas have been searched? (315)
                       A.      The   fire floor should be checked.
                       B.      The   all-clear should be sounded.
                       C.      The   topmost floor should be checked.
                       D.      The   intervening floors should be checked.

________ 22.           When searching a hallway with only one team, which of the following
                       actions should members of a search team take? (315)
                       A.      Wait for a second search team to arrive.
                       B.      Split up and take both sides of the hallway.
                       C.      Search down one side of the hallway and back up the other
                               side.
                       D.      Alternate both sides of the hallway to search the entire hallway
                               in one pass.

________ 23.           Marks (in marking systems) should be placed: (317)
                       A.      next to the door.
                       B.      on the entire surface of the door.
                       C.      on the lower third of the wall or door.
                       D.      on the upper third of the wall or door.

________ 24.           Which of the following actions should a firefighter take if an inward-
                       opening door is difficult to open? (319)
                       A.      Kick the door to force it open.
                       B.      Break the glass in the door to gain entry.
                       C.      Proceed to the next door and see if it opens more easily.
                       D.      Place a strap behind the door knob to maintain control of the
                               door and slowly push it open.




Fire Protection Publications                                                          Chapter Test
Oklahoma State University                                                                      8-5
Firefighter I                                                                 Rescue and Extrication



Objective 6:
Explain what actions a firefighter should take when in distress.
________ 25.           Which of the following steps should be done immediately after a
                       firefighter realizes he or she is in imminent life-threatening danger?
                       (320)
                       A.      Describe location as clearly as possible.
                       B.      Transmit Mayday! according to local protocol.
                       C.      Communicate air supply status to Command.
                       D.      Stay in contact with Command and keep them informed of the
                               situation.

________ 26.           Which of the following statements about locating a hoseline while in
                       distress is LEAST accurate? (320)
                       A.      The female coupling is toward the nozzle.
                       B.      The female coupling has lugs on its shank.
                       C.      The male coupling is toward the water source.
                       D.      Following the hoseline will lead you to an exit or to the nozzle
                               team.

________ 27.           Which of the following is NOT an option if you cannot find your way
                       out of a burning building through a door or window? (320-322)
                       A.      Breach an interior wall.
                       B.      Break through an exterior wall.
                       C.      Find a closet and break through the floor.
                       D.      Breach an interior wall, then try to find a door or window.

________ 28.           Which of the following is the first step to breaching an interior wall?
                       (322)
                       A.      Feel it for heat.
                       B.      Create an opening large enough to pass through.
                       C.      Remove sections on both sides of a stud as well as the stud
                               itself.
                       D.      Do not remove any studs, as that may compromise the integrity
                               of the structure.

________ 29.           If you are unable to exit the structure, do not have a functioning
                       radio, and cannot reach the wall, position your flashlight to shine:
                       (322)
                       A.      toward the door.
                       B.      toward the ceiling.
                       C.      toward the window.


Fire Protection Publications                                                           Chapter Test
Oklahoma State University                                                                       8-6
Firefighter I                                                                Rescue and Extrication


                       D.      toward the north wall.

________ 30.           If you are trapped by a structural collapse and are against a wall,
                       which of the following actions is recommended? (322)
                       A.      Yell for help.
                       B.      Tap or pound on the wall with a hard object.
                       C.      Position your flashlight to shine toward the door.
                       D.      Try to move collapsed materials to get around them.

Objective 7:
Describe actions that should be taken by a rapid intervention crew
(RIC) when a firefighter is in distress.
________ 31.           Both NFPA® ___ and the OSHA regulations in 29 CFR 1910.134
                       require that a rapid intervention crew be standing by whenever
                       firefighters are in the hazard zone inside a burning building. (322)
                       A.      1001
                       B.      1500
                       C.      1710
                       D.      1901

________ 32.           What does suitably equipped mean for members of a RIC crew?
                       (323)
                       A.      At least the same type and level of PPE as the interior fire
                               fighting crews
                       B.      At least one level below the same type of PPE as the interior fire
                               fighting crews
                       C.      At least one level above the same type of PPE as the interior fire
                               fighting crews
                       D.      At least the same type and level of PPE as the interior fire
                               fighting crews, minus SCBA

________ 33.           Which of the following items should be taken into a burning building
                       when rescuing a downed firefighter whose SCBA does not have a
                       transfill connection? (324)
                       A.      Complete SCBA unit
                       B.      Spare SCBA cylinder
                       C.      Transfill connection adapter
                       D.      Knowledge of the "buddy breathing" system




Fire Protection Publications                                                          Chapter Test
Oklahoma State University                                                                      8-7
Firefighter I                                                                   Rescue and Extrication




________ 34.           Rescuers searching for a firefighter in distress should first: (324)
                       A.      try to establish radio contact.
                       B.      shut down all noise-producing devices.
                       C.      stop frequently to listen for the PASS device.
                       D.      hold their breaths to listen for faint calls from the firefighter.

________ 35.           Once the downed firefighter has been located, the next action to
                       take is to: (324)
                       A.      move him or her to safety.
                       B.      check his or her air supply.
                       C.      check his or her level of consciousness.
                       D.      connect his or her mask to a functioning SCBA from the RIC kit.

________ 36.           Tracking devices have a range of approximately ___ and do not
                       interfere with other on-scene radios. (326)
                       A.      50 feet (15 m)
                       B.      100 feet (30 m)
                       C.      150 feet (45 m)
                       D.      200 feet (60 m)

________ 37.           Which of the following statements about locating and removing a
                       firefighter in distress is MOST accurate? (326-327)
                       A.      A two-firefighter RIC should be able to remove the located
                               firefighter from the hazard zone.
                       B.      If the firefighter is unable to walk, rescuers should use any safe
                               means possible to move the firefighter to safety.
                       C.      In most cases, the need to stabilize injuries before moving the
                               firefighter overrides the need to exit the hostile atmosphere.
                       D.      If the firefighter in distress waited until the low-air alarm
                               sounded before calling a Mayday, he or she will probably have
                               air remaining by the time the RIC locates them.




Fire Protection Publications                                                             Chapter Test
Oklahoma State University                                                                         8-8
Firefighter I                                                                 Rescue and Extrication



Objective 8:
Discuss victim removal methods.
________ 38.           Which of the following is NOT a condition under which an emergency
                       move may be necessary? (327)
                       A.      Explosives are involved.
                       B.      There is fire in the distance.
                       C.      It is impossible to protect the accident scene.
                       D.      The victim is in cardiac arrest and must be moved so rescuers
                               can administer CPR.

________ 39.           Which of the following is the chief danger in moving a victim quickly?
                       (328)
                       A.      Dropping the victim
                       B.      Lifting the victim incorrectly
                       C.      The possibility of aggravating a spinal injury
                       D.      Moving the victim into closer proximity of the fire

________ 40.           The incline drag: (328)
                       A.      is usually not practical for carrying an unconscious adult.
                       B.      is often used for moving a victim from a bed to a gurney.
                       C.      can be implemented by one rescuer using a blanket, rug, or
                               sheet.
                       D.      can be used by one rescuer to move a victim up or down a
                               stairway or incline.

________ 41.           Which of the following types of carries or drags is effective for
                       carrying children but is usually not practical for carrying an
                       unconscious adult because of the weight and relaxed position of the
                       body? (328)
                       A.      Incline drag
                       B.      Seat lift/carry
                       C.      Blanket drag
                       D.      Cradle-in-arms lift/carry

________ 42.           The ___ is often used for moving a victim from a bed to a gurney,
                       especially when the victim is in cramped quarters. (329)
                       A.      seat lift/carry
                       B.      chair lift/carry
                       C.      extremities lift/carry
                       D.      three-person lift/carry



Fire Protection Publications                                                           Chapter Test
Oklahoma State University                                                                       8-9
Firefighter I                                                                 Rescue and Extrication


________ 43.           Which of the following statements about moving a victim onto a long
                       backboard or litter is LEAST accurate? (330)
                       A.      It is best performed by two rescuers.
                       B.      It is best performed by four rescuers.
                       C.      One rescuer is needed to maintain in-line stabilization
                               throughout the process.
                       D.      It is critical that the victim with a suspected spinal injury be
                               moved in such a way to avoid unnecessarily jolting the spinal
                               column.

Objective 9:
Discuss emergency power and lighting equipment.
________ 44.           An inverter converts a vehicle's 12- or ___-volt DC current into 110-
                       or 220-volt AC current. (331)
                       A.      24
                       B.      28
                       C.      32
                       D.      36

________ 45.           Which of the following is NOT an advantage of an inverter? (331)
                       A.      Fuel efficiency
                       B.      Unlimited power supply
                       C.      Low noise during operation
                       D.      No noise during operation

________ 46.           Generators can be portable or ___-mounted. (331)
                       A.      rear
                       B.      front
                       C.      ladder
                       D.      vehicle

________ 47.           Which of the following is a characteristic of a vehicle-mounted
                       generator? (331)
                       A.      It can provide power for the floodlighting system on the vehicle.
`                      B.      The exhaust from the generator does not contaminate the
                               scene.
                       C.      It usually has a smaller power-generating capacity than a
                               portable unit.
                       D.      Its lighting equipment ranges from 300 to 1,000 watts.




Fire Protection Publications                                                           Chapter Test
Oklahoma State University                                                                      8-10
Firefighter I                                                                    Rescue and Extrication


________ 48.           Fixed lighting lighting equipment generally ranges from ___ to 1,500
                       watts per light. (331-332)
                       A.      200
                       B.      300
                       C.      400
                       D.      500

________ 49.           Which of the following is NOT a risk of overtaxing the power plant?
                       (332)
                       A.      It   will give poor lighting.
                       B.      It   may damage the lights.
                       C.      It   will give too much light.
                       D.      It   may restrict the operation of other electrical tools.

________ 50.           Junction boxes have several outlets and are supplied through ___
                       inlet(s) from the power plant. (333)
                       A.      1
                       B.      2
                       C.      3
                       D.      4




Fire Protection Publications                                                                Chapter Test
Oklahoma State University                                                                           8-11

				
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