UNESCO Mission to Sri Lanka

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					“Hope and solidarity through ballgames”




                      ‘It is only great beliefs that give rise to great emotions.’
                                                                       Honoré de Balzac


                            Contact
           Mrs. Marie José Lallart – Project Officer
                 UNESCO - Education Sector,
           “Hope and Solidarity through ballgames”
           Tel: 01 45 68 10 85 Fax: 01 45 68 56 26
                     mj.lallart@unesco.org
                                        PRESENTATION OF THE PROGRAMME

        The programme Hope and Solidarity through ballgames was created in 1993 in order
to reach underprivileged children through athletic, cultural and playful activities.

        This programme is part of the UNESCO Education sector, and contributes to its
fundamental goal since 1946: Education for all.
        Indeed, especially since the World Education Forum in 2000 in Dakar, UNESCO
intends on making “Education for All” a reality. It is in this perspective that the programme
Hope and Solidarity through Ballgames works daily : its strategy is based on the development
of alternative modalities in order to extend and improve access to basic education for all. It
aims at supporting the development of programmes and activities that promote non-formal
education as an educational basis and as a part of the educational system in its entirety.
        This original approach enabled Hope and Solidarity through Ballgames to join the
“LIFE” initiative recently. The “Literacy Initiative For Empowerment” (LIFE) is a large
UNESCO programme of action in support of the achievement of Education for All, and a key
operational mechanism to substantially increase literacy learning opportunities within the
framework of the United Nations Literacy Decade.
        Finally, this programme therefore also serves the United Nations Millennium
Development Goals (MDGs), which core objective is halving global poverty. Hope and
Solidarity through Ballgames therefore promotes an education for all, without any type of
discrimination against excluded children but it mainly promotes a complete education, that is
to say based on a physical and mental development (trough sports and literacy) as well as
on a professional one (through professional workshops).

        The action of Hope and Solidarity through ballgames is world-wide and concerns
mainly developing countries, particularly the ones in post-conflict situations. We believe that
“meeting basic learning needs constitutes a common and universal human responsibility”
(World Declaration on Education for All), and wish to support morally the children who
need it, as well as give them a chance to succeed in life by meeting their most elemental
socialisation and education needs.

        Sports were chosen as its privileged means of action because of its various virtues:
encounter, tolerance, endurance, respect for the partner/opponent, insertion of the individual
in the group, socialisation, achievement, self-esteem and of course amusement.

       Organising sport encounters between excluded children (street children or former
child soldiers for instance) or children in difficult situations (refugees, war or AIDS
orphans) is one of aspect of this programme. Another one consists in helping create self-
managed youth learning centres where children can find a long-term moral support, as
well as practice sports, learn how to read and write or learn a profession, in order to
ensure their reinsertion in society.




 « Un homme n’est jamais si grand
que lorsqu’il est à genoux pour aider
           un enfant… »
                           Pythagore



 Olympic judo champion David Douillet in Niger                                               2
    THE VALUE OF COLLECTIVE SPORTS FOR EXCLUDED, UNDERPRIVILEGED
                        CHILDREN IN DEVELOPPING COUNTRIES

        Collective sports, and more specifically football, were chosen as the main means of
action of Hope and Solidarity through ballgames because they meet essential needs of
children in developing countries, or in areas affected by conflicts. Sport is very beneficial to
excluded children, and more specifically to street children as it constitutes a good way to
interact with them, but also have them interact with the rest of society. It is also very
efficient to familiarize them with certain social concepts and rules.

A vector of socialisation....
        Indeed, today over 140 million children (80 million in Africa, 46 in South East Asia,
17.5 in South America) live on the streets, excluded from any kind of family frame, rules,
social structure, or scholar system. Millions of others are forced to work, or simply live in
difficult situations of exclusion (children in refugee camps or orphanages).
The 2000 World Education Forum in Dakar reminded that “all children, all teenagers must
have access to basic education. The poor, the children living on the street, and the children
who work must not suffer from any kind of discrimination in the access to education”.
The Hope and Solidarity through ballgames programme aims at achieving this goal by
offering these children access to a basic, non-formal education, adapted to their situation.
In this context, collective sports enable them to learn some basic socialisation rules such as
encounter, respect, tolerance, insertion of the individual in the group, endurance etc.; that is to
say some of the basic elements necessary to prepare the children to receiving an education.
Indeed, eventually this appropriate pedagogical approach in which sports play an important
part, can allow them to find a path towards education and thus, reintegrate society. As well
as having a recreational purpose, group activities, sports and games have very positive effects
on young children’s psychological development; it helps them build themselves, it brings
them a sense of self-esteem and simply teaches them how to smile again.

...and an instrument of peace
        Hope and solidarity through ballgames has also often been a strong vector of peace.
Indeed, this community-based programme, through collective sports, can create bonds
beyond rivalries, and religious, community, political, economical or social divisions. In Africa
for instance where ethnic oppositions can be severe, our action, by engaging in ball games
children -many of whom have been bruised or traumatized by strife and poverty- can
rediscover such values as solidarity and fraternity. In Rwanda for instance, after the
genocide, the children all sang together “Amahoro” (“peace”) after the football tournaments
organized by our programme. In Sri Lanka also, sporting activities were organized for the
children of different communities, helping create a culture of tolerance, friendship, and
understanding between the Sinhala, Tamil and Muslim people. We believe strongly that
sports are undeniably a very efficient vector of social reconciliation, comprehension and
tolerance, thus of peace.

 Sport therefore, does not only bring
 happiness to these underprivileged
 children: by teaching them basic
 socialization rules and by promoting
 a culture of peace, it creates the
 conditions necessary to the good
 development of the children and to
 their gentle reinstatement in society.
 Eventually, it allows them to find an
 appropriate path towards education.                                                             3
                STRATEGY AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROGRAMME

1) Field missions
    There are approximately six annual field missions. They are carried out according to the
following process:
    - Assessment of the situation: research and elaboration of a project proposal
        corresponding to the needs of the children in the city/region/country concerned.
    - Building cooperation with different funding sources and partners: the private sector
        (in particular sportswear companies), foundations, international sports federations etc.
        These cooperations generally consist in funding, donation of sports equipment or free
        transportation of this equipment.
    - Liaison with institutional partners : local authorities, other United Nations Agencies,
        local NGOs, associations etc.
    - Choice of famous athletes who have agreed to serve as UNESCO ambassadors for a
        mission.

    These missions consist in meeting the children directly on the field, to give them a
chance to interact with the famous ambassador, who will distribute related donated sports
equipment (footballs, t-shirts etc). During these missions playful and sports activities such
as football tournaments are organised for the children in order to create a maximum of
interaction: between children from different communities, between schooled and out-of-
school children, between girls and boys, between children from different neighbourhoods etc.
The famous sports ambassador of course participates in these activities, and they are also
always honoured by the presence of high local representatives (Ministers for Youth or
Education, Governors, Presidents of National Olympic Commissions). Therefore, they are
always great events in the countries, very often covered by the media.

   The objective of these missions are various:
   - the first one is of course to bring support and hope to the children, by distracting
      them from their difficult life, and giving them emotions and a few moments of
      happiness (with games, donations, famous athletes etc).
   - But the main one is the sensitization to their cause. Indeed, excluded children and
      more specifically street children are a target often neglected. They are rejected by
      their own society and overlooked by the international community simply because they
      are not even officially registered. By focusing the attention on them, Hope and
      solidarity through ballgames gives them visibility in the eyes of the government and
      the international community thanks to the media attention drawn by the presence of a
      famous athlete.

Example: Burundi mission, January 2005
Cédric Pioline, a former French tennis champion was on mission with Marie José Lallart in
Bujumbura under the patronage of the First Lady of Burundi, Mrs. Ndayizeye. This
mission aimed at bringing hope and comfort to the underprivileged children of the capital,
thanks to the organisation of a tennis tournament under the supervision of Mr.Pioline as well
as trough the distribution of sports equipment donated by sportswear company Decathlon (t-
shirts, tennis rackets and balls etc). 150 children (formerly street children now attending
school thanks to the UNESCO) participated in the tournament and a dozen of them were
even directly initiated to the sport by Cédric Pioline himself. Overall, approximately 600
children benefited from the visit of the UNESCO delegation to their centres (handicapped
children, AIDS orphans etc).


                                                                                              4
This very successful mission opened the way to a series of other projects: the First Lady and
 the Minister for Youth and sports are now willing to support programmes for street children
and the Decathlon Foundation has considered participating financially in the rehabilitation of
                       a youth centre for street children in Bujumbura




                                              Centre « Akamuri” for disabled children in Jabé




2) The support to youth centres for excluded and underprivileged children

        The programme has evolved over the years and in addition to bringing comfort and
amusement to the children punctually, it now aims at improving durably their socio-
economic conditions. To do so, Hope and Solidarity through Ballgames also raises funds in
order to create youth learning centres, where children can find a long term support.

        First financed with the help of the programme, these centres are then self-managed
and become a privileged place for the street children to come and practice sports and also to
be taught how to read and write, and to learn a profession through workshops. Thanks to these
centres, excluded children who have never attended school gain access to a non-formal
education (through sports and workshops) as well as to a basic education (once socialized
they may also become literate in these centres). Therefore they help achieve the ultimate goal
of the Hope and Solidarity through ballgames programme: the proper reinsertion of street
children in society. On a larger scale, these projects also participate in the promotion of the
dialogue between the communities and fosters understanding between them. In Africa
mainly, due to extreme poverty, children can easily be excluded. Abandoned and left to
themselves, they have to struggle to eat but also, have to suffer from rejection : in Kinshasa
for instance, the street children (or “shégués”) are now victim of a new phenomenon, they are
considered sorcerers and are made responsible for all the people’s woes…

        It is the UNESCO’s duty to ensure that all children have access to a basic education,
and Hope and solidarity through ballgames is dedicated to the cause of a very marginalized
population of children. Through sports, it has found a way to attract them into centers and
offer them an appropriate pedagogical approach. Through its field missions, it has found a
way to raise awareness in the international community in order to help these children.

       The implementation of this two-folded programme is entirely due on the one hand to
the kind cooperation of famous sportsmen (David Ginola, Bernard Lama, Paolo Cesar,
Youri Djorkaëff, Georges Weah, Marie-José Pérec, David Douillet, Abdelatif Benazzi, Marie
Pearce, Cédric Pioline....) and on the other hand to the generosity of many sponsors (Adidas,
Decathlon, Converse, Lacoste, Monoprix, Perrier, Renault, Shell, Volvic, Umbro...).



                                                                                                5
   Indeed, the Hope and Solidarity through Ballgames programme is totally extra-budgetary
                                        and therefore depends essentially on donations

                                         and funding by sponsors and partners.




                                   World rugby champion Abdelatif Benazzi in Oujda, Morocco




Example of a learning centre in Kankan, Guinea Conakry.

        After a field mission in this city of Guinea, Hope and Solidarity through ballgames
has decided to support the association “Kosimankan” in its work with the children of the
Baada neighbourhood. Indeed, these children have left their villages and families who could
not feed them anymore, and come to the city, in order to work and support themselves as well
as their family. Aged from 8 to 16, these 20 children work very hard everyday by pushing
extremely heavy charges of goods for merchants, in exchange of a ridiculously small amount
of money.

        At night they sleep in the street where they are often mugged and dispossessed of the
little money they have. Marie José Lallart has spoken to each one of them and they all have
dreams, one of them being attending school to learn how to read and write. They also want to
learn a profession so they can durably improve the condition of their poor families.

       A deserted house has been spotted in Baada, and negotiations are underway to obtain
the authorization to rehabilitate it. The owners of surrounding workshops (mechanics,
carpentry etc.) have also been contacted and have accepted to welcome on a regular basis a
few children to teach them how to use the machines. Finally, students in the field of education
and teaching have volunteered to come and give the working street children of Baada a basic
education. The programme Hope and Solidarity through ballgames is helping this initiative
by donating sports equipment to the centre and by helping find funds to finance the project
(estimated at USD 50 000). The programme, in the name of the UNESCO has also played an
important part in convincing the local actors to support their action.




                                                                                              6
                                                                                 ‘To act is to engage in
                                                                                                combat.’
                                                                               Pierre-Joseph Proudhon

                                   ...TAKING ACTION...
        Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Armenia, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria,
Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Chad, Comoros, Cuba, Ethiopia, Georgia, Haiti, Lithuania,
Mauritania, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Poland, Senegal, Sri Lanka, Tunisia and many
others... In all and over the past 12 years, more than 60 countries have benefited once or
several times from donations of sport equipment or from genuine field operations. Tons of
equipment worth over 5 million dollars have been sent all around the world, giving
approximately 24 000 children a year the chance to learn how to smile again.
            Beneficiary countries in 2004                   Current beneficiary countries
                                                                     Argentine
                      Angola                                          Angola
            Democratic republic of Congo                            Burkina Faso
                     Djibouti                                         Burundi
                 French Guyana                              Democratic republic of Congo
                     Morocco                                        Madagascar
                      Guinea                                        Mozambique
                                                                      Rwanda

       Some of the countries mentioned above benefited from field missions with famous
ambassadors, distributions of sports equipment, media attention etc...others benefited from
help for building learning centres.
Other different and original initiatives undertaken deserve to be detailed as well:

       Hope and solidarity through ballgames has often obtained results with unusual
       bargains: indeed, the programme is regularly given important equipment by sponsors.
       These donations (usually footballs and other sportswear) are distributed to
       underprivileged children during field missions, but can also be used to negotiate with
       local actors. For example in Burkina Faso, brand-new Adidas-Salomon sports
       equipment was given to schools last April in the province of Gaoua, in exchange of
       the promise that they would welcome and educate gratuitously street children or
       other out-of-school children.
       Another interesting deal is also being made in Mali: the famous company Texas
       Instrument donated many very valuable calculators to the Hope and solidarity through
       ballgames programme. Marie José Lallart gave 85 of them (each valued to USD 150)
       to a local NGO who is now negotiating with institutions interested in those scientific
       calculators. Therefore, in the following months, the National Centre of Agronomy, the
       Institute for transfer of technologies, or the National School of Engineering might, in
       exchange of the donation of the calculators, help build schools in the Province of
       Yorosso, especially one in the village of Barena Bougou, where approximately 50
       children cannot attend school because the closest one is 10 kilometres away.
       Hope and solidarity through ballgames also aims at supporting original initiatives for
       excluded children such as the one developed in Kinshasa (D.R. of Congo) by the
       Congolese association Vijana ya Congo, which consists in helping keeping the streets
       of the city clean. The UNESCO programme has offered to associate the street children
       of the capital to the process, in exchange of sporting goods for instance. By doing so,
       the street children (“shégués”) very rejected in Kinshasa can find a way to contribute
       to the well-being of the population by picking up the trash, which therefore contributes
       to the change of mentalities in their favour and to their reinsertion in society.


                                                                                                 7
               ‘In life, there are no solutions. There are forces at work: we must create them,
                                         and the solutions will follow.’
                                                                              Antoine de Saint-Exupéry



       “The success of this initiative is helping to promote reflection on the place of sport in a
    society scarred by 17 years of war: every effort to strengthen athletic activities encourages
                 young people to understand and respect discipline and peaceful competition”.

                                                                                 Sylvie Fadlallah
                                                     Permanent Delegate of Lebanon to UNESCO,
                           in a letter addressed to Federico Mayor, Director-General of UNESCO


“The children will sleep with their shoes on tonight”.
Father Jean Dedieu,
head of the Saint Joseph Ouvrier parish in Conakry,


  “This gift will encourage the young people of our country to participate in sports activities. I
                  therefore wish to inform you of the great hopes we place in this programme.”
                                                                         lbrahima Magassouba
                                        Secretary-General of the Guinean National Commission


“Perhaps I got involved in this project just because I love making young people happy!”
Marie-Jose Pérec, triple olympic champion


“We had so many requests for our soccer balls during the trip that we had to hide them in jute
  bags. Tomorrow we are going to hand them out to children in a school far out in the bush in
 the south of Madagascar. Having seen the makeshift balls the children play with here, I have
   to say that your ‘Hope and solidarity through ball games’ scheme deserves to be publicized
and made part of the Convention on the Rights of the Child - if that hasn’t been done already”

                                                                                      Soa Tarcher
                                                                  Member of the NGO Aide et Action


                                 “Through sport, we all become equal”
                                                         Sylla Dada, a young African child.



           For further information                                             Make a contribution!
  Mrs. Marie José Lallart – Project Officer                                   Please write checks to
        UNESCO – Education sector                                      « UNESCO, enfance en difficulté,
  “Hope and Solidarity through ballgames”                                         projet ESB »
  Tel: 01 45 68 10 85 Fax: 01 45 68 56 26                             Marie José Lallart, 7 place de Fontenoy
           mj.lallart@unesco.org                                                75352 Paris 07-SP


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