Docstoc

ASTM Labeling Requirements WARNING

Document Sample
ASTM Labeling Requirements WARNING Powered By Docstoc
					Hong Kong Standards and Testing Centre

                                                                                      Issue no.: 02/08/tcd


               ASTM F963-07e1 Labeling Requirements
The new US Standard Consumer Safety Specification on Toy Safety ASTM F963-07e1 was
published in June 2007 where most of the labeling requirements have remained unchanged but
provided new requirements for battery-powered ride on toys and magnets.

The following is a summary of the labeling requirements to comply with this specification.

1.     Labeling Requirements for All Toys

       1.1    Federal Government Requirements

              All toys that fall under the control of the US FHSA shall conform to the relevant
              labeling requirement as stated in 16 CFR. State labeling requirements may also
              exist.

       1.2    Age Grading Labeling

              Toys should be appropriately age graded between 0 to 14 years and labeled in a
              clear and conspicuous manner on any retail packaging with the minimum age
              group for which the toys are intended. For the purpose of safety evaluation to this
              specification, toy without age label shall be subjected to the most stringent
              requirements and testing conditions.

              For certain toys, the height or weight limitations should also be labeled on the toy
              or packaging, or both.

       1.3    Producer’s Markings

              The packaging of a toy or the principle component of a toy shall be legibly
              marked with the name and address of the producer or the distributor.

2.     Safety Labeling Requirements for Certain Toys

       Safety labeling should consist of an alert symbol (an
       exclamation mark within an equilateral triangle), a
       signal word “CAUTION or WARNING” in all                              WARNING
       upper case San serif letters not less than 1/8 in.
       (3.2mm) in height, center or left aligned, and
       followed by a statement that describes the hazard. Additionally, safety labeling may
       contain other information about what to do or not to do to avoid injury.




_________________________________________________________________________________________

                 10 Dai Wang Street, Tai Po Industrial Estate, Tai Po, N.T., Hong Kong
      Tel: (852) 2666 1888 Fax: (852) 2663 9612 Email: tcd@hkstc.org Website: www.hkstc.org
Hong Kong Standards and Testing Centre

                                                                                           Issue no.: 02/08/tcd


2.1.   Aquatic Toys

       Excluding boats designed for children
       to ride in, aquatic toys and their                              WARNING
       packages shall carry safety label such              This is not a lifesaving device.
                                                     Do not leave child unattended while in use.
       as that on the right.

2.2.   Crib and Playpen Toys

       (1)     Toys intended to be strung across a crib or playpen by means of string, cord,
               elastic, or straps, as well as their packages, shall be labeled with the age grade

               “From birth to 5 months”

       (2)     It shall carry safety labeling in                        WARNING
               the EXACT format and                 Possible entanglement or strangulation injury.
                                                    Remove toy when baby begins to push up on
               wording as shown in the                           hands and knees.
               standard.

       (3)     Instructions shall be provided for proper assembly, installation, and use to ensure
               that the toy does not present an entanglement or strangulation hazard. The
               instructions shall include at least the following information:

               -    This toy is not intended to be “mouthed” by the baby and should be positioned
                    clearly out of reach of the baby’s face and mouth.
               -    On cribs with adjustable mattress levels, the highest position may allow the
                    toy to be too close to the baby. The second or lower position is more
                    appropriate.
               -    The drop side of the crib should never be lowered with the toy in place and the
                    baby left unattended.
               -    Always attach all provided fasteners (strings, straps, clamps, etc.) tightly to a
                    crib or playpen according to the instructions. Check frequently.
               -    Do not add additional strings or straps to attach to a crib or playpen.

2.3.   Toy Chests

       (1)     Each toy chest shall be labeled permanently and conspicuously to identify the
               name and address of either the manufacturer, distributor or seller.

       (2)     A code or other marking identifying the date of manufacture and future
               identification of any given model shall appear on the toy chest and the
               packaging/shipping container. A different code or model number shall be used
               whenever the toy chest undergoes a significant change of design or material.



_________________________________________________________________________________________

                  10 Dai Wang Street, Tai Po Industrial Estate, Tai Po, N.T., Hong Kong
       Tel: (852) 2666 1888 Fax: (852) 2663 9612 Email: tcd@hkstc.org Website: www.hkstc.org
Hong Kong Standards and Testing Centre

                                                                                           Issue no.: 02/08/tcd


       (3)     Instructions for proper assembly and maintenance shall be provided in sufficient
               detail including the correct assembly of components, the resulting hazard if the lid
               support device is not installed, and a description of how to determine if the
               support is working properly.

2.4.   Toys in Contact with Food

       The packages and/or instructions for toys intended to be used in contact with food shall
       be labeled to alert parents to wash the product thoroughly before use.

2.5.   Toys Intended to be Assembled by an Adult

       Toys that are intended to be assembled by an adult and that contain potentially hazardous
       sharp points, edges, or small parts shall carry safety labeling on their packages stating that
       the toy is to be assembled by an adult and that care should be taken in the unpacking and
       assembly of the toy.

2.6.   Small Objects, Small Balls, Marbles and Balloons

       The packages of small balls, marbles, balloons and certain toys and games intended for
       children shall carry safety labeling in English and appear on the principle display panel of
       their packages or any descriptive materials accompanying them EXACTLY as shown in
       the standard.

       All labeling statements shall comply with the following type size requirements based on
       the computed area of the principal display panel. For these purposes, Signal word means
       the word “Warning” and the words “Safety Warning”; Statement of Hazard means
       “Choking Hazard”; Other Material means all other remaining statements.

        2
Area, in.     0-2        +2 - 5     +5 – 10    +10 - 15    +15 - 30    +30 - 100   +100 - 400    +400
Type Size –
              3/64 in.   1/16 in.   3/32 in.    7/64 in.     1/8 in.    5/32 in.     1/4 in.       1/2 in.
Signal Word
Type Size –
Statement     3/64 in.   3/64 in.   1/16 in.    3/32 in.    3/32 in.    7/64 in.     5/32 in.      1/4 in.
of Hazard
Type Size –
Other         1/32 in.   3/64 in.   1/16 in.    1/16 in.    5/64 in.    3/32 in.     7/64 in.     5/32 in.
Material



       (1)     Toys and games intended for
               children at least 3 years old but                     WARNING:
               less than 6 years of age that                 CHOKING HAZARD - Small parts.
               contain small parts,                          Not for children under 3 yrs.




_________________________________________________________________________________________

                  10 Dai Wang Street, Tai Po Industrial Estate, Tai Po, N.T., Hong Kong
       Tel: (852) 2666 1888 Fax: (852) 2663 9612 Email: tcd@hkstc.org Website: www.hkstc.org
Hong Kong Standards and Testing Centre

                                                                                        Issue no.: 02/08/tcd


       (2)     Toys and games intended
               for children at least 3 years              WARNING:
               old but less than 8 years of       CHOKING HAZARD - Toy contains a small ball.
               age that contain a small           Not for children under 3 yrs.
               ball,


       (3)     Toys and games intended
               for children at least 3 years              WARNING:
               old but less than 8 years of       CHOKING HAZARD - Toy contains a marble.
               age that contain a marble,         Not for children under 3 yrs.



       (4)     Toys and games that contain
               a latex balloon,                           WARNING:
                                                  CHOKING HAZARD - Children under 8 yrs can
                                                  choke or suffocate on uninflated or broken
                                                  balloons.
                                                  Adult supervision required. Keep uninflated
                                                  balloons from children.
                                                  Discard broken balloons at once.


2.7.   Mobiles

       (1)     All mobiles and their packages shall be labeled with the age grade

               “From birth to 5 months” and

       (2)     Mobiles intended to be
               attached to a crib or                               WARNING
               playpen and/or later        Possible entanglement injury. Keep out of baby’s reach.
                                           Remove mobile from crib or playpen when baby begins
               moved to a wall or          to push up on hands and knees.
               ceiling, as well as their
               packages, shall carry
               safety labeling in the EXACT format and wording as shown in the standard.

       (3)     Mobiles intended to be attached only to a
               wall or ceiling, as well as their packages,                  WARNING
               shall carry safety labeling stating the            Possible entanglement injury.
               following in the EXACT wording and                 Keep toy out of baby’s reach.
               format as shown in the standard.

       (4)     Instructions shall also provide for proper assembly, installation, and use to ensure
               the product does not present an entanglement hazard. The instructions shall
               include but not limited to the following information:
_________________________________________________________________________________________

                  10 Dai Wang Street, Tai Po Industrial Estate, Tai Po, N.T., Hong Kong
       Tel: (852) 2666 1888 Fax: (852) 2663 9612 Email: tcd@hkstc.org Website: www.hkstc.org
Hong Kong Standards and Testing Centre

                                                                                               Issue no.: 02/08/tcd


               -     A crib mobile is intended for visual stimulation and is not intended to be
                     grasped by the child.
               -     If attached to the crib or playpen, remove when baby begins to push up on
                     hands and knees. If so designed, mount on walls or ceiling clearly out of a
                     standing baby’s reach.
               -     If mounted on a wall or ceiling, install the mobile clearly out of a standing
                     baby’s reach.
               -     Always attach all provided fasteners (strings, straps, clamps, etc.) tightly to a
                     crib or playpen according to the instructions. Check frequently.
               -     Do not add additional strings or straps to attach to a crib or playpen.

2.8.   Stroller and Carriage Toys

       Toys intended to be strung across strollers or carriages by means of strings, cords, elastic,
       or straps, as well as their packages, shall carry safety labeling stating the following in the
       EXACT wording and format as shown in the standard:


                                                       WARNING
                   Possible entanglement or strangulation injury when attached to crib or playpen.
                   Do not attach to crib or playpen.


2.9.   Simulated Protective Devices

       Toys that simulate safety protective devices and their packages shall carry safety labeling
       stating that the toys are not safety protective devices.

2.10. Toys with Functional Sharp Edges and Sharp Points

       Toys that are intended for children between the ages of 4 and 8 years, which contain
       accessible sharp edges or sharp points that are a necessary part of the toy, shall carry
       safety labeling on their packages stating that a sharp edge or sharp point, or both, exists.

2.11. Crayons, Paints, Chalks and Other Similar Art Materials

       Crayons, paints, chalks and other similar art
       materials which are toys itself or components of                 WARNING
       a toy must comply to the Labeling Art              MAY BE HARMFUL IF SWALLOWED
       Materials for Chronic Health Hazards ASTM
       D4236-94. Items that are determined to contain hazardous materials must have
       appropriate warnings based on the advice from a toxicologist who conducted the
       formulation review.

       Even if the item does not contain hazardous
                                                                      Conforms to ASTM D4236
       material, an appropriate label must also be shown as
_________________________________________________________________________________________

                  10 Dai Wang Street, Tai Po Industrial Estate, Tai Po, N.T., Hong Kong
       Tel: (852) 2666 1888 Fax: (852) 2663 9612 Email: tcd@hkstc.org Website: www.hkstc.org
Hong Kong Standards and Testing Centre

                                                                                             Issue no.: 02/08/tcd


       to their conformity.

2.12. Battery Operated Toys

       (1)    The battery compartment or area close to the battery compartment shall be marked
              clearly and permanently to show the correct battery polarity and voltage.



       (2)    For toys that use more than one battery in one circuit, the toy or the instructions
              shall show the following information:
              - Do not mix old and new batteries.
              - Do not mix alkaline, standard (carbon-zinc), or rechargeable (nickel-
                  cadmium) batteries.

       (3)    Battery-Powered Ride-on Toys should carry safety labeling on the toy, packaging
              or point-of-sale literature as following:
              - Bear a permanent label or marking identifying the manufacturer or distributor,
                  place of business, model numbers, and a date of manufacture.
              - Guidance for safe use and maintenance of the toy.
              - Manufacturer’s recommended user age or weight limitations or both.
              - The kinds of surfaces which are appropriate for safe use of the toy.
              - Only use the battery(ies) specified by the manufacturer.
              - Only use the charger(s) specified by the manufacturer.
              - The following warning:


                                                      WARNING:
              To reduce the risk of injury, adult supervision is required. Never use in roadways, near
              motor vehicles, on or near steep inclines or steps, swimming pools or other bodies of
              water; always wear shoes, and never allow more than____ rider(s).




                                                     WARNING:
              RISK OF FIRE. Do not bypass. Replace only with ______. (Note: This warning must
              be placed at the location of any user replaceable fuse or circuit protection device.
              Manufacturer should state the part number or equivalent.)


2.13. Magnets

       The packaging of toys intended for children over 3 years and up to 8 years of age which
       contain loose as-received hazardous magnets or loose as-received hazardous magnetic
       components, as well as their instruction, shall carry safety labeling:


_________________________________________________________________________________________

                 10 Dai Wang Street, Tai Po Industrial Estate, Tai Po, N.T., Hong Kong
      Tel: (852) 2666 1888 Fax: (852) 2663 9612 Email: tcd@hkstc.org Website: www.hkstc.org
Hong Kong Standards and Testing Centre

                                                                                                                             Issue no.: 02/08/tcd




                                                           WARNING:
                            This product contains (a) small magnet(s). Swallowed magnets can
                            stick together across intestines causing serious infections and death.
                            Seek immediate medical attention if magnet(s) are swallowed or
                            inhaled.



Toy manufacturers and designers for the US market should take note of the above and conduct
safety compliance review on the entire product line through a competent laboratory as early as
possible.

With over 40 years experience in consumer product testing service, the Hong Kong Standards
and Testing Centre (STC) have full capability in toy testing according to prevailing international
standards. For details, please call our sales & marketing executives at Tel: (852) 2666 1863 and
(852) 2666 1895 or Fax: (852) 2663 9612 or E-mail: tcd@hkstc.org.

The information contained in this newsletter is obtained from sources believed to be accurate to the best knowledge of the Hong Kong Standards
and Testing Centre. It is distributed without warranty, representation, inducement or license of any kind and the Hong Kong Standards and
Testing Centre does not assume any legal responsibility for use or reliance upon same.

                                  If you do not want to receive this information again, please call 2666 188 2.




_________________________________________________________________________________________

                    10 Dai Wang Street, Tai Po Industrial Estate, Tai Po, N.T., Hong Kong
         Tel: (852) 2666 1888 Fax: (852) 2663 9612 Email: tcd@hkstc.org Website: www.hkstc.org

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Stats:
views:429
posted:4/1/2011
language:English
pages:7