Freudian Impact on Art by nikeborome

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									Freudian Impact
    on Art
       Freud’s main theories
• Superego, ego, id

• Human dreams

• Repressed desires
               Impact on Art
• Pursuit of unconscious

• Expressionism

• Metaphysical Art

• Dada

• Surrealism
Expressionism
       • Art that raises
         subjective feelings
         above objective

       • 1905 – several
         countries
         simultaneously
Die Brücke
     • “The Bridge”

     • First of two
       movements

     • Revival of graphic
       arts

     • Hostile & alienating
       world
Berlin Street Scene
Edvard Munch
      • 1863-1944

      • Norway

      • Identified & laid bare
        emotions associated
        with dramatic human
        predicaments
The Sick Child
The Kiss
Munch, The Scream, Expressionist, 1893
Der Blaue Reiter
METAPHYSCIAL ART &
     FANTASY
         • World beyond
           sensory experiences

         • Giorgio de Chirico &
           Carlo Carra

         • Semi-abstract figures
           with harsh light &
           oblique perspective
Melancholy and Mystery of a Street
di Chirico, The Nostalgia of the Infinite,
         Metaphysical, 1914
Marc Chagall
      • 1887-1958

      • Biography

      • “My art is an
        extravagant art…”
Chagall, I and the Village, Fantasy,
               1911
Dadaism
    • Breaks with tradition

    • 1916-1923

    • No uniform
      characteristics

    • Café Voltaire
       – Improvisation
       – Nihilist
       – Tristian Tzara
Composition
          Marcel DuChamp
• 1887-1968

• Readymades
The Fountain
Duchamp, L.H.O.O.Q., Dadaism, 1919
Surrealism
     • Coined by Apollinair
       in 1917

     • Andre Breton, 1924

     • Dreamlike, Psychic
       automatism,
       Spontaniety
              Automatism
• Do not judge images
  of subconscious

• Saw as suppression of
  consciousness

• Not burdened with
  “meaning”
Veristic Surrealists
          • Allow images to
            emerge to be
            analyzed

          • Link between
            spiritual realities &
            real world
                  Joan Miró
• 1893-1983

• Style suggests child’s
  representation

• Shapes have own life

• Imagery
Paul Klee
     • 1879-1940

     • Impact on Miró

     • Swiss

     • Define & analyze the
       primary visual elements

     • Style
Twittering Machine
Park Near Lu(cerne)
Klee, Fish Magic, Surrealism, 1925
Rene Magritte
       • 1898-1967

       • Belgium

       • Poetic painting

       • Metamorphosis of
         images
Le Jockey Perdu
Magritte, The False Mirror, Surrealism,
                 1928
Salvador Dali
       • 1904-1989

       • Biography

       • 1929 – first one man
         show

       • Worked in all media
The Persistence of Memory
                Frida Kalho
• 1907-1954

• Biography

• “I hope the leaving is
  joyful and I hope I
  never have to return.”
Kahlo, The Broken Column, 1944,
          Surrealism
Two Fridas
Broken Column
          Meret Oppenheim
• 1913-1985

• Many of objects &
  paintings have been
  lost

• “Nobody gives you
  freedom, you have to
  take it!”
Oppenheim, Object (Le Dejeuner en
   fourrure), 1936, Surrealism
Surrealist Photography
Hannah Höch
      • 1889-1979

      • “It Girl”

      • Master practitioner of
        photomontage
Höch, Cut with a Kitchen Knife, 1919,
           Surrealism

								
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