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DEMOGRAPHIC FEATURES IN DISTRICTS OF EASTERN UTTAR PRADESH Dr

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									DEMOGRAPHIC FEATURES IN DISTRICTS OF EASTERN UTTAR PRADESH

                         Dr. V.K.Upadhyay* and Dr. S.P.Upadhyay**


The state of Uttar Pradesh has been divided into four regions – Western, Central, Southern
and Eastern. The region of eastern Uttar Pradesh comprises Bahraich, Gonda, Basti,
Gorakhpur, Deoria, Ballia, Azamgarh, Faizabad, Sultanpur, Jaunpur, Ghazipur, Varanasi,
Mirzapur, Allahabad and Pratapgarh districts. It covers in area of 85,803 sq/km. The region
of Eastern Uttar Pradesh is located between 23050` N to 28025`N and 81010`E to 84040`E.
Some of the districts comprising the region in recent past have been bifurcated into separate
administrative units by creation of new districts for example: Sidharthnagar, Mau, Sonbhadra
etc. The region of eastern Uttar Pradesh districts demographic profile presents features and
characteristics of population of the districts. It is focuses at analysis of inter and intra districts
comparisons. It presents rural and urban segments of the population also. The share of
schedule caste and schedule tribe population in total population, analysis of the population
according to sex, literacy among male and female etc. Demographic profile also presents
workers and non workers. Occupational profile cultivators agricultural labourers and other
workers, sex ratio, etc. The data source is census 2001 Government of India.
Demographic Profile:
The characteristics of population of the districts included with study. The percentage of the
male population is higher in comparison to female population ranging between 53.6% in
Bahraich to 50.5% in Sultanpur districts. Female population is higher than male population in
Azamgarh, Deoria, Jaunpur and Pratapgarh districts. The percentage of rural population
ranges between 95.3% in Sultanpur and 59.8% in Varanasi. The composition of male and
female population in villages differ from district to district ranging between 53.62% in
Bahraich and 49.32% in Azamgarh is significant to note that male population in urban centers
is more the 51% in all districts and it ranges between 55.02% in Allahabad, to 51.76% in
Azamgarh districts. The percentage of pre – school children ranges between 20.2% in
Azamgarh to 18.2% in Allahabad in all districts under consideration is more than 50%, it
range between 51.6% in Allahabad to 50.77% in Bahraich. The share of schedule caste
population ranges between26.8% in Mirzapur to 13.9% in Varanasi. The share of male
population among schedule castes is more than 50% in all districts, except Azamgarh,
Jaunpur and Pratapgarh. In Uttar Pradesh the percentage of schedule tribes is substantially

*    NISTADS (CSIR), Dr.K.S.Krishnan Marg , Pusa Gate, New Delhi-12
**   DST research Project (PI), Near Purvanchal Cinema, Bhirguashram, Ballia, U.P.-277001
                       Population                       Rural                         Urban                      0-6 years                      SC                         ST
              Total       Male      Female     Total     Male     Female     Total    Male     Female   Total     Male       Female    Total    Male     Female   Total   Male    Female
Districts
             4936105    2626448     2309657   3729320   1962425   1766895   1206785   664023   542762   899583   469206      430377   1065097   561115   503982   4273    2337    1936
Allahabad     100         53.2       46.8      75.6      52.62     47.38     24.4     55.02    44.98     18.2     52.16       47.8     21.6      52.7     47.3    0.09    54.69   45.31
             3939916    1950415     1989501   3642615   1796544   1846071   297301    153871   143430   796410   408617      387793   1013801   497014   516787   700     359      341
Azamgarh      100         49.5       50.5      92.5      49.32     50.68      7.5     51.76    48.24     20.2     51.31       48.7     25.7      49       51      0.02    51.29   48.71
             2381072    1275351     1105721   2143074   1149080   993994    237998    126271   111727   487118   247308      239810   342747    184717   158030   8558    4220    4338
Bahraich      100         53.6       46.4       90       53.62     46.38      10      53.06    46.94     20.5     50.77       49.2     14.4      53.9     46.1    0.36    49.31   50.69
             2761620    1413774     1347846   2491676   1272108   1219568   269944    141666   128278   516976   266207      250769   454647    233722   220925   273     136      137
  Ballia      100         51.2       48.8      90.2      51.05     48.95      9.8     52.48    47.52     18.7     51.49       48.5     16.5      51.4     48.6    0.01    49.82   50.18
             2084814    1075765     1009049   1968829   1014325   954504    115985    61440    54545    406881   209904      196977   435082    224685   210397   235     122      113
  Basti       100         51.6       48.4      94.4      51.52     48.48      5.6     52.97    47.03     19.5     51.59       48.4     20.9      51.6     48.4    0.01    51.91   48.09
             2712650    1355023     1357627   2444345   1215257   1229088   268305    139766   128539   515597   264694      250903   493344    246895   246449   533     270      263
 Deoria       100          50         50       90.1      49.72     50.28      9.9     52.09    47.91     19       51.34       48.7     18.2      50.1     50      0.02    50.66   49.34
             2088928    1077472     1011456   1807655   925443    882212    281273    152029   129244   382447   196635      185812   471839    241212   230627   190      88      102
Faizabad      100         51.6       48.4      86.5      51.2      48.8      13.5     54.05    45.95     18.3     51.41       48.6     22.6      51.1     48.9    0.01    46.32   53.68
             3037582    1537141     1500441   2804212   1414994   1389218   233370    122147   111223   611330   316034      295296   649510    330028   319482   282     149      133
Ghazipur      100         50.6       49.4      92.3      50.46     49.54      7.7     52.34    47.66     20.1      51.7       48.3     21.4      50.8     49.2    0.01    52.84   47.16
             2765586    1451101     1314485   2571267   1346004   1225263   194319    105097   89222    536566   274891      261675   433491    227851   205640   182     104      78
 Gonda        100         52.5       47.5       93       52.35     47.65      7       54.08    45.92     19.4     51.23       48.8     15.7      52.6     47.4    0.01    57.14   42.86
             3769456    1923197     1846259   3030865   1532750   1498115   738591    390447   348144   694213   358952      335261   831070    421449   409621   898     472      426
Gorakhpur     100          51         49       80.4      50.57     49.43     19.6     52.86    47.14     18.4     51.71       48.3      22       50.7     49.3    0.02    52.56   47.44
             3911679    1941903     1969776   3622268   1790619   1831649   289411    151284   138127   783771   406084      377687   857883    426592   431291   376     200      176
 Jaunpur      100         49.6       50.4      92.6      49.43     50.57      7.4     52.27    47.73     20       51.81       48.2     21.9      49.7     50.3    0.01    53.19   46.81
             2116042    1115249     1000793   1829536   962560    866976    286506    152689   133817   425405   220577      204828   566160    298714   267446   1302    667      635
Mirzapur      100         52.7       47.3      86.5      52.61     47.39     13.5     53.29    46.71     20.1     51.85       48.2     26.8      52.8     47.2    0.06    51.23   48.77
             2731174    1362948     1368226   2586619   1287741   1298878   144555    75207    69348    512097   264552      247545   601043    295359   305684   159      77      82
Pratapgarh    100         49.9       50.1      94.7      49.78     50.22      5.3     52.03    47.97     18.8     51.66       48.3      22       49.1     50.9    0.01    48.43   51.57
             3214832    1623819     1591013   3062574   1543351   1519223   152258    80468    71790    616861   317884      298977   715297    362641   352656   466     235      231
Sultanpur     100         50.5       49.5      95.3      50.39     49.61      4.7     52.85    47.15     19.2     51.53       48.5     22.2      50.7     49.3    0.01    50.43   49.57
             3138671    1649187     1489484   1878100   976055    902045    1260571   673132   587439   575882   300040      275842   435545    228734   206811   769     422      347
Varanasi      100         52.5       47.5      59.8      51.97     48.03     40.2      53.4     46.6     18.3      52.1       47.9     13.9      52.5     47.5    0.02    54.88   45.12
low and it ranges between 0.3% in Bahraich to 0.01% in Pratapgarh, Gonda, Faizabad,
Ballia etc. The share of male population among schedule castes is higher than the female
population in all districts except Bahraich, Faizabad Pratapgarh and Ballia, and it ranges
between 54.88% in Varanasi to 46.32% in Faizabad district.
Sex Ratio:
Sex ratio in demographic analysis is number of female per 1000 males. Sex ratio for the
districts range between 1020 in Azamgarh to 867 in Bahraich districts. In Azamgarh,
Deoria, Jaunpur and Pratapgarh districts the sex ratio is more than 1000 indicating
number of female is more than number of male. Sex ratio of 0-6 years population ranges


                                                                      Sex Ratio of Eastern U.P.
                                      1400
 Sex ratio( females per 1000 males)




                                                      Sex ratio (Females per 1000 males)   Sex ratio (0-6 Years)   Sex ratio (SC)   Sex ratio (ST)
                                      1200

                                      1000

                                      800

                                      600

                                      400

                                      200

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between 970 in Bahraich to 917 Allahabad districts. It indicates that number of girl child
is 0-6 years is has declined and in none of the districts it crosses more than one thousand.
Sex ratio amongst schedule of the total population and is ranges between 856 in Bahraich
to 1040 in Azamgarh districts. Sex ratio amongst schedule tribe is different than sex ratio
of the general population and it is 1028 in Bahraich, 1159 in Faizabad and 1065 in
Pratapgarh, and it ranges between 750 in Gonda to 1159 in Faizabad districts.
Literacy Demographic profile:
Literacy in region eastern Uttar Pradesh districts ranges between 66.1% in Varanasi to
35.2% in Bahraich districts. Literacy in Gonda and Bahraich districts are on the lower
side. The literacy amongst male population ranges between 77.9% in Varanasi to 45.6%
in Bahraich districts. Literacy amongst male is more than 70% in Allahabad, Azamgarh,
Ballia, Deoria, Ghazipur, Gorakhpur, Jaunpur, Pratapgarh, Sultanpur and Varanasi
districts. Female literacy is generally lower than male literacy in all districts of Eastern

                                     Numbe r of lite rate s in Eas te rn U.P.                    Total   Male   Female
                            90
                            80
   ercentage of literates




                            70
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Uttar Pradesh and it ranges between 53%in Varanasi to 22.8% in Bahraich districts.
Working and Occupational Demographic profile:
Workers are most important component of population. In demographic analysis
population is classified under workers and non workers. The share of workers in region
eastern Uttar Pradesh districts range between 28.5% in Deoria to 39.4% in Faizabad. The
total workers are engaged different occupation. The occupation based on classification is
cultivators(Cult), agricultural laboureres(Ag.L), worker in household industry(WHI)
and other workers(OW). The share of cultivator varies between 59.7% in Gonda to 21.1%
in Varanasi districts. It is more than 50% in Bahraich, Gonda and Jaunpur. The share of
agricultural labourers ranges between 40.1% in Ballia to 10.4% in Varanasi districts.
        Percentage of workers category




                            80                     Workers profile in Eastern U.P.
                            70
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                                 W Total           W Male   W Female   MW Total   Marg.W Total     NW Total

The share of agricultural labourers is more than 35% in Gorakhpur and Ballia districts.
Workers in households industry range between 22.6 % in Varanasi to 2.2 % in Bahraich
         70
                                                     Occupational profile in Eastern U.P.
         60  Percentage of Occupational category
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                 Cult. T           Cult. M         Cult. F     A g. L T       A g. L M   A g. L F   WHI T   WHI M   WHI F   OW T    OW M   OW F



districts. It is indicative of cottage and household industry based economic activity. It is
more than 10% in Varanasi and Mirzapur districts. The other worker ranges between
45.8% in Varanasi to 13.7% in Gonda districts.
Conclusion:
The male population is higher in comparison to female population in all districts except
Azamgarh, Deoria, Jaunpur and Pratapgarh districts. In eastern Uttar Pradesh districts
substantial population resides in villages. In Azamgarh, Deoria, Jaunpur and Pratapgarh
districts the female sex ratio is greater than rest of other districts of eastern Uttar Pradesh.
Female literacy is generally lower than male literacy in all districts of Eastern Uttar
Pradesh only for more than 50% Varanasi. Lastly conclude that the demographic features
are presents quality of life in under study area.
References:
      1. Bhattacharya, Bishwanath; Singh, Kushlendra K; Singh Uttam (1995): Proximate
                determinants of fertility in Eastern Uttar Pradesh, Human Biology, Vol. 67, No.6.
      2. Karuppayan, E.(2002): Rural development programmes and externalities: A study
                of seven villages on Tamilnadu.
      3. Mathur, R. N. (1986): Population – Analysis and studies, Vol. I,pp.15-90.
      4. Mehta, B.C. (1978): Regional population growth – A case study of Rajasthan,
                Research Book, Jaipur.
      5. Singh, Arvind Kumar and Narendra Kumar (2008): Demographic features and
                occupational                        pattern          in       village-Murhuwa               of   Chakia     block     Chandauli,
                ANVIKSHIKI, Vol.-6, Part-2, pp.268-276.

								
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