SUTTON MONTIS

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					                                SUTTON MONTIS




Sutton Montis, the settlement south of Cadbury hill and under the steep slopes of the

Corton Ridge, was also known as Sutton Montague by the later 13th century from its

owners 1 and sometimes as Sutton Crowthorne, 2 from a former estate in the parish. 3

A web of minor roads connected it with South Cadbury, Weston Bampfylde, Queen

Camel, and Corton Denham. 4 Several footpaths cross the parish including the Leland

Trail, a long-distance path. 5 The parish was long and narrow, measuring 3 km. east to

west and 1 km. north to south, lying mostly on Middle Lias silt and clay between 50

m. (164 ft.) and 70 m. (230 ft.) but rose in the east to c. 150 m. (492 ft.) at Pen Hill. A

triangular strip of Lower Lias clay through the centre of the village resulted from the

convergence of two east-west faults. 6 The only natural boundary was the Henshall

brook to the north. 7 Sutton Montis covered 508 a. before being absorbed into South

Cadbury in 1933. 8



SETTLEMENT AND POPULATION

The village straggles along the road from the Henshall Brook as far as the southern

boundary with a few houses on the side road towards South Cadbury. The southern

houses were known as Sutton Crowthorne, probably because they lay within that

estate. 9 Settlement was confined by the small size of the parish, two open arable

fields, east and west, and the need to find meadow and pasture by the river. 10

       There were c. 30 houses in the later 18th century. 11 The population was 147 in

1801 rising gradually to a peak of 191 in 1841 before steadily declining to 109 in

1901. 12 The number of houses barely changed in the 19th century 13 and only a few



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were built in the 20th century including local authority houses in 1920 perhaps linked

with a rise in population to 139 in 1921. 14 It was often said that more houses were

wanted and in the late 20th century several new private homes and barn conversions

were built. 15



LANDOWNERSHIP

SUTTON MONTIS MANOR

In 1066 Bundi held Sutton and in 1086 Drew of Robert, Count of Mortain, held it. 16 It

probably descended like Shepton Montague to Drew’s grandson William de

Montague 17 who in 1198 sold it to William son of Robert de Montague, probably his

cousin, to be held of him for a small knight’s fee of Mortain. 18 The overlordship

remained with the senior Montagues and later with the earldom of Salisbury until the

17th century. 19

        William son of Robert (d. by 1208) 20 gave part of his estate to his daughter

Beatrice (d. s.p. by 1227) but by 1227 21 after much litigation the whole estate had

passed to his son Richard as the eldest son William was declared illegitimate. 22 In

1227 Richard granted Sutton, except the land he inherited from his sister, to Robert de

Montagu, possibly a younger brother, and his issue with remainder to Richard. 23 A

Richard de Montagu held the manor in 1249 24 but land was later held by William (fl.

1270—80 and by John (d. 1276—1280) whose widow Alice held one third of land in

Sutton in dower and whose son Robert was a minor. 25 Robert held the fee in 1316 26

and 1320 27 and may be the Robert of Sutton Montague who had been succeeded by

his son William by 1332. 28 By 1339 it was a half fee held by William’s brother

Nicholas de Montague. 29 Before 1366 Nicholas was succeeded by his son Robert 30

who was followed before 1390 by his son John (fl. 1417). 31 John’s widow Agnes was



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in possession in 1429 32 but by 1445 33 she had been succeeded by William de

Montagu (d. 1489) who left a widow Alice. William was eventually succeeded by

Robert (d. 1509) son of his son William (d. by 1482). Robert’s heirs were his sister

Emma Blundell and John Bevyn and John Moleyns, minor sons of his deceased sisters

Eleanor and Joan. 34

       The three heirs held the manor jointly in 1525 35 but later it was divided.

Emma, possibly daughter of Emma Blundell, wife of John Duport held a third and

was succeeded before 1554 by her son Thomas. 36 In 1582 Thomas (d. 1592) settled

his share on his son Henry Duport, his son, who sold it to the Revd. Edmund Burton

in 1618. 37 John Bevyn (d. 1555) settled his third on his youngest daughter Ursula (d.

1608), wife of John Sydenham, who left it to her nephew Henry Keymer (d. 1621). 38

By 1615 this share was held by Thomas Burton, possibly in trust for Edmund. 39 The

third share passed from John Moleyns (d. c. 1551) to his son Henry who in 1611 sold

or mortgaged it to John Arnewood. 40 Edmund Burton acquired the whole manor,

which descended in the family with the patronage and the rectory, but the family did

not claim lordship and much of the estate had been sold to tenants. 41

       Edmund Burton’s son Edmund (d. 1717) 42 who was succeeded by his son

James (d. 1741) and by James’s son Walter Burton (d. 1771) and Anne (d. 1776),

widow of the last. 43 Walter’s daughter Eleanor married the Revd. Robert Leach (d.

1779) and left a minor son, also Robert Leach (d. 1839). 44 However, the estate had

been dismembered and Robert Leach had only 97 a. in 1838. 45

       There was no reference to a capital messuage although John Bevyn left a

house in Sutton to his daughter Ursula in 1555. 46



CROWTHORNE



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This estate, which straddled the boundary with Corton Denham, 47 was said to have

been held by an eponymous family in the 13th century. 48 John of Crowthorne (fl.

1301) may have been succeeded by Mathew of Crowthorne (fl. 1317—34) who held

Crowthorne in 1320 for a third of a knight’s fee of William de Montagu whose

descendants remained overlords until 1415 or later. 49 By 1350 Mathew had been

succeeded by Thomas 50 but Thomas was dead by 1367 when the estate was held by

his widow Joan. Thomas’s heir Robert of Crowthorne had also died and left a widow

Alice. In 1367 the heirs to the reversion, John Beaumont and his wife Joan, granted it

to William Milborne and John Thresk in trust for Walter Thresk, 51 but by 1397 it was

held by Richard Milborne and Nicholas Bush 52 and in 1415 by Nicholas Milborne

only for one half fee. 53 Nicholas may have been succeeded by Richard (fl. 1429—

1458) and by 1525 by William (d. c. 1535), 54 but by 1489 part of Crowthorne was

held with the manor 55 and by the 16th century the Corton Denham land was held by

the Gilbert family. 56 William Milborne had a son Richard in 1525 but appears to have

been succeeded by a younger son George (d. 1559) 57 whose widow Julian held it in

1574. George’s son Giles (d. c. 1575) left the reversion to his widow Grace. 58 The

estate descended in the Milborne family from Giles’s son George (d. by 1642) to John

and John’s son William (d. c. 1662). 59 In 1676 William’s brothers Charles and

George and other members of the family settled their estates on trustees presumably

for sale to tenants. 60 By 1693 part was in the hands of John Adams, devisee of the

Sutton lands of Grace Adams (d. c. 1675), wife of William Overton, but in 1695

Crowthorne was named in a settlement on William Milborne. 61 The estate was not

recorded again but was probably Sutton Farm (103 a.) held by the heirs of Phillip

Baker in 1767 and by Wyndham Goodden in 1814 and 1832. 62 The farm was sold in

1844 and 68 a. became part of the Portman estate in Corton Denham. 63



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       A house on the Crowthorne estate was recorded in 1367, 64 probably the

capital messuage recorded in 1545. 65 The Old Farm House in the village, known since

1928 as Abbey House, 66 dates from the late medieval period. 67 It was replaced by a

new farmhouse, Sutton Farm, on the boundary with Corton Denham, shortly before

1838. 68 The old house probably had a dovecot. 69

       Wells Almshouse owned 26 a. in Sutton Montis in the early 19th century. 70




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ECONOMIC HISTORY

AGRICULTURE

Five ploughlands were recorded in 1086 but only four teams, two on the demesne

worked by 2 serfs. Demesne livestock comprised 11 pigs and 106 sheep and there

were 16 a. of meadow and 8 a. of wood. Three villeins and 9 bordars worked under

two hides with two ploughs. The estate was worth £5. 71 There appear to have been

two open arable fields east and west of the parish, mostly inclosed by the early 17th

century. 72 Stockwood may have been cleared for pasture by 1339 when the lord and

others were in dispute over felling trees. 73

        The manor was worth £12 in 1489 and its lands in Crowthorne 13s. 8d. 74 In

the mid 16th century the Milborne’s Crowthorne estate was let to three tenants. 75 It

appears that the parish was still largely arable as in the 16th century. Great tithes

accounted for over half the rector’s income in 1535 76 and a farmer’s will of 1554

mentioned an acre of wheat but no livestock. 77 In 1606 over half the glebe was arable,

much of it inclosed by 1635. 78 The manorial estate had been largely broken up and

sold by the mid 17th century 79 and the parish appears to have been farmed by

freeholders, many of them poor, 80 who inclosed their lands where possible.

Stockwood had been pasture in 1525 81 but was common meadow in 1686 when a

smallholding included both open and inclosed arable, a share of common meadow and

customary common pasture in Newleaze for 2 beasts and 8 sheep. In 1705 a yeoman

sold his grazing rights, presumably to the owner of the land. 82 In the 17th century

there was limited common pasture in Newleaze by the river and common meadow in

adjoining Stockmead where the tenants of the Crowthorne estate mowed 1 a. of hay

for the rector until 1814 or later. Before 1838 Stockmead was inclosed for pasture. 83




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        By the early 18th century conversion to orchard was considered the best

improvement and glebe land was exchanged with a freeholder to allow him to plant

15 a. with apples. 84 By 1726 another freeholder had erected a house on closes taken

from former open arable and converted the site of a house and its paddock into a 2-a.

orchard. 85

        Part of the east field called Stonehill and parts of the west field remained open

in the early 19th century. Exchanges of glebe with other landowners between 1724 and

1819 appear to have led to the completion of inclosure. 86 Freeholders let their land for

rack rents that increased substantially during the first two decades of the 19th century

and conversion to grass had already begun although the land, described as flat and

woody in the 1780s, needed draining. 87 In 1801 the parish produced 44 a. of wheat,

36 a. of beans, 9 a. of barley, and 5 a. of peas; the peas and barley had above average

yields. 88 The last arable strips were recorded in 1819. 89 Arable declined to only to 69

a. by 1838 when there were 317 a. of grass and 70 a. of orchard and garden. Moduses

had been paid on dairy cows. There was neither wood nor common 90 and although in

1839 the owners of the former Crowthorne estate claimed common pasture for 7 oxen

and 28 sheep in New Leaze by then they owned it outright. 91

        In 1821 26 out of 32 families were employed in agriculture. 92 There were only

9 holdings over 10 a. in 1838 of which three were over 50 a., including one of 104 a.,

but two men held two farms each. 93 In 1848 the pattern was similar but Lord Portman

had split the 104-a. farm in two. 94 In 1851 only 5 farmers were recorded, holding

between 11 a. and 90 a. and employing 18 labourers. Two ploughboys were recorded

besides a cattle dealer and three dairy workers. 95 Farms were reorganised in the 1850s

as in 1861 there were two large farms with over 100 a. and two others of 60 a. and 30

a. but only 19 labourers were employed. The chief crops were grass, corn, and



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orchard. In 1866 two dairymen were recorded 96 and in 1871 two farms had resident

dairymaids. 97 In 1881 there were five farms, three over 100a., the largest 233 a.,

employing 19 labourers. 98 On the Portman farms new buildings were provided

including a new house with dairy and cheeseroom and piggeries in 1886. 99 Two dairy

farmers were recorded in 1891 100 and by 1905 there were 664 a. of grass, following

conversion for dairying, and only 43 a. of arable. 101

        In 1908 one farmer described himself as a cider manufacturer and another as a

dairy farmer 102 with a dairy house and 21 a. in 1910 when most farms were owner

occupied and between 25 and 55 a. The largest was Home farm (99 a.) owned by

Viscount Portman. 103 It was described as a rich dairy farm in 1920 and had a house

built in 1889 with dairy and cheeseroom, furnace house, stalls for 25 cows, 4

piggeries, and recently built workers’ cottages. The tenant had installed cheese

making equipment and a cider press and mill. Portman’s Sutton farm had absorbed a

large farm in Corton Denham where most of its land lay by 1920 when it was a high

class dairy farm with model buildings including a pair of modern labourers’ cottages,

three cider cellars, stalls for 60 cows, calf and bull pens, and six pigsties. 104 In 1928

the parish was said to have some of the best land in Somerset and Parsonage farm was

renowned for its cider although primarily a grazing farm. There was a cider house

with cellarage and orchards near the rectory 105 and in 1931 a farm had a licence to sell

cider. 106 In 1939 only two farms covered more than 150 a., two farmers described

themselves as cider makers, and a cowkeeper was recorded. 107 New agricultural

buildings were erected in the late 20th century but more were converted for residential

use. 108 In the 2000s Home Farm has been the base for the South Cadbury Environs

Project.




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MILL

A mill was recorded in 1086, 109 possibly where the road to Weston Bampfylde

crosses the Henshall brook. 110 It was recorded in 1276 111 and the mill house as late as

1789 although the mill had probably gone out use long before. 112 Walter le Muleward

was recorded in 1339. 113



CRAFTS AND RETAIL TRADES

It is not clear how the 15 people engaged in trade were occupied in 1801. 114 The

Longman family were carpenters and builders in the first half of the 19th century. 115 In

1841 there were several building workers, two wheelwrights, two dressmakers, and a

cutler and brazier. 116 By 1851 female workers included 6 glovers, a stocking knitter,

and 4 needlewomen and dressmakers. 117 In 1861 there was the same pattern of

employment but a shoemaker had two apprentices living with him and a shop had

opened. 118 In the 1870s there were two shopkeepers and a butcher but only one

general dealer was recorded in 1881 and only one glover. 119 In 1891 the only non-

agricultural workers were two building workers, two needlewomen and two

laundresses but by 1901 a shop had opened again and there was a separate post office

despite there being only a 109 inhabitants. 120 Both shops remained open in 1923 but

by 1931 only the post office shop remained in business as did a builder. 121 By 1980

there were neither shops nor services. 122 Handmade chocolates are produced at a

small workshop.



SOCIAL HISTORY

SOCIAL STRUCTURE




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The dismemberment of the manor had begun before the 1660s when there were

several large farmhouses, possibly belonging to freeholders. One owner was in prison

in 1665 and others were too poor to pay tax. 123 The pattern of substantial farmers with

large houses continued into the 20th century. 124 However, there were only 24 houses

for 33 families in 1801 125 and in 1851 paupers included former labourers, possibly

connected with the decline in arable. 126 There was no alternative employment and

despite the steady decline in population ten households shared a home in 1881

compared with seven in 1821. 127 In 1891 half the houses had fewer than five rooms

and although this number fell by 1901 there remained two cottages with only two

rooms and a family of six with visitors occupied a three-roomed cottage. 128 In 1910 it

was said that large families had left and been replaced by single men. 129



EDUCATION

The rector taught children between 1600 and 1606 130 and without licence in 1666. 131

There was no school in 1818 132 but in 1825 a Sunday school taught 12 girls and 10

boys. 133 By 1835 it had been joined by a day school educating 20 children at their

parents expense 134 but this appears to have closed by 1847 although the Sunday

school continued with 25 children. 135 In 1847 136 a church school was established on a

site in the south of the parish beside the former poor houses for children from Sutton

Montis and Weston Bampfield, although by 1857 Weston had its own school. 137

Average attendance in 1903 was 25 out of 31 registered pupils and 23 in 1910 when it

was said large families had left the village. Very young infants were removed from

the school in the 1900s, many girls left early to go dressmaking or into service 138 and

older children usually transferred to Queen Camel, compulsorily from 1926, but there

were problems with sanitation, disease, and overcrowding. 139 The head teacher had an



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assistant in 1903 and a monitress from c. 1923 until 1932. 140 By 1935 there were only

15 children on the books but between 1941 and 1944 at least 14 evacuees were

admitted. 141 After the war only 9 children were registered and the school closed in

1951. 142 The building was converted into a village hall.



CHARITIES FOR THE POOR

A Kingman charity, origin unknown, consisted of £20 and a tenement the income

from which was distributed to the poor in the late 18th century. The lady who held the

capital distributed it on leaving the parish and the poor occupants of the tenement

failed to pay their rent. The parish appropriated the house with two others to create a

poorhouse before 1824. 143 In 1867 Elizabeth Blandford gave a £20 rent charge on

Home farm to provide coal, meat and clothing. Coal was given to as many as 25 poor

people until 1958 or later but the charity, which had an income in the 1990s of c. £12,

ceased to be distributed. 144



COMMUNITY LIFE.

In the 1780s a revel was held on the third Sunday in July. 145 There was a licensed

victualler between 1746 and 1760 146 but no beerhouse in 1840. 147 There appear to

have been no local social facilities until the later 20th century when the village had a

hall and a tennis club. 148 There were serious concerns over rubbish and sewage

disposal in the 1940s and the latter was not dealt with until 1985. 149



THE COMMUNITY AND NATIONAL EVENTS

In 1805 William Beeton a 25 year-old marine, served on HMS Victory at the battle of

Trafalgar. He was discharged at Chatham after two and a half year’s service on the



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ship. 150 In 1912 a local man was third officer on the Titanic. 151 Two local men who

enlisted in 1914 were killed. 152 Robin Mackworth Young, librarian of the Royal

library, Windsor Castle died at Blandford House in 2000. 153



RELIGIOUS HISTORY

CHURCH

Origins and Status

The fabric indicates it was in existence in the 12th century. 154 The church was

dedicated to the Holy Trinity by 1501, 155 and remained a sole rectory until 1925 when

it was united with South Cadbury. 156 In 1975 they were separated and since 1987 it

has been held with Corton Denham, Queen Camel, Sparkford, West Camel, and

Weston Bampfylde. 157



Advowson

The advowson was not part of the 1198 conveyance and so was successfully claimed

by the overlords in 1223 158 but by 1318 was held with the manor. 159 The division of

the manor after 1509 and the frequent assignment of turns of presentation caused

confusion and dispute but from the mid 17th century the Burton family presented. 160

Following the union with South Cadbury the patronage was held by Canford School

which presented alternately. 161 Since 1975 the Martyrs Memorial and Church of

England Trust have exercised patronage. 162



Income and Property

In 1291 the church was worth £5 6s. 163 and was exempt from tax for poverty in

1517. 164 In 1535 it was valued at £7 2s. gross 165 and by the 1660s at c. £25. 166 The



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living worth £220 a year c. 1830 167 but had been supplemented by 1838 with £30

interest on a charitable bequest of £1,000. 168 By 1535 the glebe was worth £1 5s. 169 It

measured c. 43 a. in 1635, half in the open fields, and pasture for a bull. 170 Open

arable was exchanged for closes in 1742 171 and further exchanges were made in

1814 172 and 1819 173 leaving 37 a. in 1838. 174 Tithes and offerings were assessed at £5

17s. in 1535. 175 Tithes were levied on the rent of pasture to non-parishioners in 1636

and a modus was due for milk cows. 176 In 1838 tithes were commuted for a rent

charge of £146 17s. 177

       Rectory houses were recorded in 1353. 178 In 1606 the house measured 6 poles,

presumably 5 bays, and had a small barn, wainhouse, stable, and large pigeon house.

The house, opposite the church and now Parsonage Farm, was rebuilt shortly before

1635. 179 In 1815 it was considered fit but not by c. 1830. 180 It had a large farmyard in

1838. 181 In 1871 the house had two floors with attics, a thatched and tiled roof, two

freestone chimneys, oak and stone floors, carved chimney pieces, and 2—4-light

casements. There was accommodation comprised a parlour, dining room used as a

cellar, kitchen, dairy, four bedrooms, and attic lumber rooms. 182 By 1886 it had been

replaced by the large 8-bedroom home of the Leach family, 183 which was the clergy

house of the united benefice until 1975 when its sale was ordered. 184



Pastoral Care and Parish Life

The benefice was sometimes held in plurality. 185 In 1343 William de Montagu, an

acolyte, was presented to the living but was allowed to remain at school. The same

year he was replaced but the new rector was licensed to study at Oxford. 186 In 1501

Joan Gilbert left 2s. to the Holy Trinity light and in 1555 a half acre of wheat was

given to the church. 187 John Cresse, instituted in 1526, was assisted by a curate. He



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was deprived in 1554 for marriage having earlier been imprisoned and had his goods

confiscated on suspicion of not accepting Mary as Queen. 188 For three centuries from

1573 the living was held mostly by members of the Burton and Leach family who

were often resident although pluralists holding Alford, South Cadbury, or Weston

Bampfylde. 189 The registers date from 1701 but there are many gaps in the 18th

century. 190 The silver chalice, with paten, was given by Robert Leach 1839 to mark

his family’s retention of the rectory since the 16th century and two rectors gave patens.
191

       In 1815 the rector resided and there were also resident curates but only one

Sunday service until 1843 when there were four celebrations of communion. 192 In

1851 there were two services attended by 53 adults and 22 children in the morning

and 67 adults and 14 children in the afternoon. 193 By 1876 communion was celebrated

monthly but services were held ‘when it suits the curate’. 194 The Revd. Robert Leach

was chaplain in Oporto 1871—8, by exchange with Edward Whiteley, despite

resuming his benefice in 1875. 195 Before 1902 the rector had established a savings

bank and a parochial library and provided a new organ, replacing a harmonium

borrowed from the curate in 1853 and purchased in 1864. 196 By 1911 there were three

Sunday services and 40 Easter communicants but services were reduced to 2 in

1926. 197 A silver box of 1914 was given to the church. 198 Only one service was held

each Sunday in 2003.



LOCAL GOVERNMENT

Until the late 18th century Sutton Montis formed a single tithing with Weston

Bampfylde. 199 No records of manorial administration survive and few for parish

government. 200




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       Two wardens and two sidesmen were recorded in 1606 201 but only one warden

in the 19th century when there was a vestry of four, including the rector, which refused

to pay parish officers’ expenses. 202 The constable received a salary in 1848. 203 By the

1870s rates were levied by subscription. 204

       Before 1825 the parish had appropriated a house, said to have been built by

Robert Roy for the poor, as a poorhouse and had enlarged in by acquiring two further

tenements. 205 In 1838 the property consisted of two cottages, reduced to one by 1848

when the overseer paid for repairs. It was rented out for a declining rent until 1860. 206

       Sutton Montis became part of the Wincanton Poor Law Union in 1835 207 and

in 1894 part of the Wincanton rural district. 208



BUILDINGS

HOLY TRINITY CHURCH

The church of Holy Trinity probably dates from the 12th and later centuries, although

largely altered in the 19th century, with a 13th–century tower. The chancel was in need

of repair in the 1350s 209 and 1550s. 210 In 1606 the church had no homilies, book of

common prayer, pulpit furnishings, or communion cloth and in 1639 the ten

commandments and king’s arms were defaced and illegible. 211 In the later 18th

century both nave and chancel were ceiled, the former in square compartments with a

carved and painted cornice, there was a singers’ gallery, a wainscoted sanctuary, and a

pulpit and desk of small carved panels, but the church was damp and dirty with

growths on the walls. 212 The nave was rebuilt in 1805, probably including the south

porch with Tuscan portico, 213 and in 1805 Henry Armstrong painted and gilded the

coat of arms. 214 The roof was repaired in the 1840s 215 and the chancel was restored in

1862, although in 1871 it was said not to have been done well, including the



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replacement of a domestic square east window with a conventional three-light

window. 216 The roofs were re-laid and the porch restored in the later 19th century. 217

In 1895 an organ chamber was built north of the chancel and new doors included a

south door to mark the 1897 jubilee. 218 A meeting room against the south wall was

still accessed by an external stair. The tower was restored by Edmund Buckle in 1904

and the rest of the church by F. Bligh Bond in 1912 when the west gallery and the

plaster ceilings were removed, the chancel arch was rebuilt, and a new panelled

ceiling installed in the nave. 219

        There are fragments of medieval glass in the west window, a 15th-century font,

and 17th-century woodwork in the pulpit. A lectern was given in 1888 220 and new

pews replaced box pews in 1912 when the furnishings were rearranged. 221 A

millennium window was installed 2000.

        There are three bells, although in 1904 when they were rehung a peal of six

was planned. 222 The second is a medieval Bristol bell dedicated to St. Margaret, the

others are by R. Purdue (1636 ) and by Bailey (1764). 223

        The churchyard was recorded in 1336. 224 It was grazed by livestock in the

1840s. 225



HOUSES

A house on the Crowthorne estate was recorded in 1367, 226 probably the capital

messuage recorded in 1545. 227 The Old Farm House in the village, known since 1928

as Abbey House, 228 dates from the late medieval period. It was replaced by a new

farmhouse, Sutton Farm, on the boundary with Corton Denham, shortly before

1838. 229




                                                                                        16
1
    L. Landon (ed.), Somersetshire Pleas, 1272—1279 (Som. Rec. Soc. 41, 1926), 40. This article was
completed in 2003.
2
    E.H. Bates-Harbin (ed.), Quarter Sessions Records, 1646—60 (Som. Rec. Soc. 28, 1912), 176;
SRO, Q/SR 131/39; ibid. DD/NP 1/25/7.
3
    Below, landownership.
4
    J.B. Harley and R.W. Dunning (ed.), Somerset Maps (Som. Rec. Soc. 76, 1981), maps 1782, 1822;
OS Map 1:50000, sheet 183 (1989 edn).
5
    OS Map 1:25000, sheet, 29 (1997 edn).
6
    OS Map 1:50000, sheet 183 (1989 edn); Geol. Surv. Map. 1:50000, sheet 296, solid and drift (1973
edn).
7
    SRO, tithe award; OS Map 1:25000, 129 (1997 edn).
8
    SRO, tithe award; Youngs, Admin. Units, i. 439.
9
    SRO, A/AQP 9; below, landownership; buildings.
10
     SRO, tithe award; ibid. D/D/Rg 136.
11
     Ibid. A/AQP 9.
12
     VCH Som. II, 432; Census.
13
     SRO, tithe award; Census; OS Map 1:10560, Som. LXXIV. SE (1886 edn).
14
     SRO, D/R/winc 14/2/37; ibid. A/AGH 1/308; Census.
15
     SRO, D/PC/s cad [uncat], minutes, planning files.
16
     VCH Som. I, 480.
17
     Ibid. VII, 194.
18
     E. Green (ed.), Feet of Fines, 1196—1307 (Som. Rec. Soc. 6, 1892), 3.
19
     e.g. Cal. Inq. p.m. XVII, p. 869; TNA, C 142/94/77; C 142/519/82.
20
     Cur. Reg. 1207—9, pp. 223, 251.
21
     Green, Feet of Fines, 1196—1307, 68.
22
     Cur. Reg. 1207—9, pp. 223, 251, 299—300; 1219—20, pp. 242, 374; 1225—6, pp. 424—5, 525.
23
     Green, Feet of Fines, 1196—1307, 68.
24
     Ibid. 147.
25
     Ibid. 230—1; L. Landon (ed.), Somersetshire Pleas, 1272—1279 (Som. Rec. Soc 41, 1926), 40—
1, 68; Somersetshire Pleas, 1280 (Som. Rec. Soc. 44, 1926), 227.
26
     F.H. Dickinson (ed.), Kirby’s Quest etc. (Som. Rec. Soc. 3, 1889), 56.
27
     Cal. Inq. p.m. VI, p. 143.
28
     E. Green (ed.), Feet of Fines 1307—1346 (Som. Rec. Soc.12, 1898), 77, 167.
29
     T.S. Holmes (ed.), Register of Bishop Ralph of Shrewsbury (Som. Rec. Soc. 10, 1896,) p. 458;
Cal. Pat. 1338—40, 368; Cal. Inq. p.m. VIII, p. 389; Cal. Close, 1343—6, 420; SRO, T/PH/htn 1.
30
     E. Green (ed.), Feet of Fines 1347—99 (Som. Rec. Soc. 17, Taunton 1902), 62; SRO, T/PH/htn 1.
31
     SRO, T/PH/htn 1; Cal. Inq. p.m. XVII, p. 869; Feudal Aids, VI, 504; L&P. Hen. VIII, IV (1), p.
34.
32
     T.S. Holmes (ed.), Register of Bishop Stafford, 1425—43 (Som. Rec. Soc. 31, 1915), 74.
33
     H.G. Maxwell-Lyte (ed.), Register of Bishop Bekynton, 1443—65 (Som. Rec. Soc. 49, 1934), p.
112.
34
     Cal. Inq. p.m. Hen. VII, I, p. 213; TNA, C 142/25/36. The fourth sister Isobel presumably died
childless: E. Green (ed.), Feet of Fines, 1399—1485 (Som. Rec. Soc. 22, 1906), 152.
35
     SRO, DD/SS, bdle 7.
36
     Ibid.; J. Collinson, The History and Antiquities of the County of Somerset (1791), II, 89 F.W.
Weaver (ed.), Somerset Incumbents (1889), 196; TNA, CP 25/2/35/239/29 Hen. VIII/Trin.
37
     TNA, C 142/234/51; ibid. CP 25/2/205/25 Eliz. Hil.; CP 25/2/346/15 Jas. I Hil.
38
     Ibid. C 142/106/64; LR 3/58/10; F.W. Weaver (ed.), Somersetshire Wills, 1530—1558 (Som. Rec.
Soc. 21, 1905), 164; F.A. Crisp (ed.), Abstracts of Somersetshire Wills etc. copied from the
manuscript collections of the late Revd Frederick Brown, I, 70—1.
39
     Weaver, Som. Incumbents, 196.
40
     TNA, C 142/94/77; CP 25/2/346/15 Jas. I Hil.; SRO, DD/NP 1/25/1.
41
     Below, church; SRO, DD/NP 1/25/1—2.
42
     A.G. Mathews (ed.), Walker Revised (1948), 310; SRO, D/D/Bp 26; DD/SDFHS 1.
43
     SRO, DD/SDFHS 1; D/D/C pet 1; D/D/Vc 88.
44
     Ibid. Q/REl 9/18; ibid. A/AQP 9; ibid. DD/BR/py 49; DD/SDFHS 1.
45
     Ibid. Q/REl 9/18; Collinson, Hist. Som. II, 88; SRO, tithe award.
46
     Crisp, Som. Wills, I, 70.
47
     TNA, C 2/ELIZ/G3/42; SRO, Q/REl 18/4.



                                                                                                 17
48
     E.H. Bates (ed.), Gerard’s Survey of Somerset, 1633 (Som. Rec. Soc. 15, 1900). 194.
49
     BL, Add. Ch. 29023; Cal. Inq. p.m. VI, p. 143; XX, p. 73; VCH Office, Taunton, Pole MS. 1343,
3106.
50
     VCH Office, Taunton, Pole MS 1785.
51
     Green, Feet of Fines 1347—99, 67.
52
     Cal. Inq. p.m. XVII, p. 869.
53
     Ibid. XX, p. 73.
54
     VCH Som. VII, 104, 134, 146; SRO, DD/SS, bundle 7.
55
     Cal. Inq. p.m. Hen. VII, I, p. 213.
56
     TNA, C 2/ELIZ/G3/42; VCH Som. VII, 104; SRO, Q/REl 18/4.
57
     SRO, DD/SS, bundle 7; Aberystwyth, Nat. Lib. Wales, Milborne MS 2073; TNA, LR 3/58/10;
VCH Som. vii. 134.
58
     TNA, C 3/123/49; Crisp, Som. Wills, II,. 24—5.
59
     VCH Som. VII, 134; Nat. Lib. Wales, Milborne MSS 237, 2401, 2025, 4855—6.
60
     VCH Som. VII, 134; TNA, 25/2/762/28 Chas. II Trin.
61
     Crisp, Som. Wills, V, 9; SRO, DD/SAS C/120/5; Nat. Lib. Wales, Milborne MSS. 4967—8.
62
     SRO, DD/BR/ms 5; D/D/C pet 2/17; ibid. Q/REl 9/18; ibid. tithe award; sale partics. in possession
of A. Webb, Taunton.
63
     Sale partics. in possession of A. Webb, Taunton; SRO, DD/KW 7; D/P/sut. mon 13/1/1.
64
     Green, Feet of Fines 1347—99, 67.
65
     Nat. Lib. Wales, Milborne MS. 2073.
66
     SRO, DD/EDN 94.
67
     Below, buildings.
68
     SRO, tithe award.
69
     Nearby field called Pigeon House: ibid. tithe award.
70
     Ibid. D/P/sut.mon 4/1/1; ibid. tithe award.
71
     VCH Som. I, 480.
72
     SRO, D/D/Rg 136; ibid. tithe award.
73
     Cal. Pat. 1338—40, 368; SRO, tithe award.
74
     Cal. Inq. p.m. Hen. VII, I, pp. 213—14.
75
     Nat. Lib. Wales, Milborne MS. 2073.
76
     Valor Eccl. I, 155.
77
     D.O. Shilton and R. Holworthy (ed.), Medieval Wills from Wells, 1534—46, 1554—6 (Som. Rec.
Soc. 40, 1925), 209.
78
     SRO, D/D/Rg 136.
79
     Ibid. DD/NP 1/25/1—2, 5.
80
     R. Holworthy & E. Dwelly (ed.), Hearth Tax for Somerset 1664—5 (1916), I, 76—7; above, this
section.
81
     SRO, DD/SS, bdle 7.
82
     Ibid. DD/NP 1/25/4—5.
83
     Ibid. D/D/Rg 136; D/D/C pet 2/17; DD/BR/py 49; DD/NP 1/25/4; ibid. tithe award.
84
     Ibid. D/D/C pet 1/16.
85
     Ibid. DD/FF 18/5.
86
     Ibid. D/D/C pet 1/37, 2/17; D/D/Bg 23; ibid. tithe award.
87
     Ibid. A/AQP 9; ibid. DD/X/MLH 1.
88
     Home Office Acreage Returns (HO 67) II (List and Index Soc. 190, 1982), 227.
89
     SRO, D/D/Bg 23.
90
     Ibid. tithe award.
91
     Ibid. DD/BR/ms 5.
92
     Census (1821).
93
     SRO, tithe award.
94
     Ibid. D/P/sut.mon 13/1/1.
95
     TNA, HO 107/1931.
96
     Ibid. RG 9/1647; PO Dir. Som. (1861, 1866).
97
     TNA, RG 10/2423.
98
     Ibid. RG 11/2395.
99
     SRO, DD/MAR 4.
100
      TNA, RG 12/1901.
101
      Statistics supplied by the then Bd. of Agric. (1905).



                                                                                                   18
102
      SRO, DD/C 320.
103
      Ibid. DD/IR B27/1.
104
      Ibid. DD/KW 7.
105
      Ibid. DD/EDN 94.
106
      Ibid. QS/LIC 2.
107
      Kelly’s Dir. Som. (1939).
108
      SRO, D/PC/s cad [uncat], planning files.
109
      VCH Som. I, 480.
110
      Mill orchard 1838: SRO, tithe award.
111
      Landon, Som. Pleas, 1272—1279, 40.
112
      SRO, DD/BR/py 49.
113
      Cal. Pat. 1338—40, 368.
114
      Census.
115
      TNA, PROB 11/1538, 2222.
116
      Ibid. HO 107/937.
117
      Ibid. 1931.
118
      Ibid. RG 9/1647; PO Dir. Som. (1861).
119
      TNA, RG 10/2423; RG 11/2395; Morris & Co. Dir. Som. (1872); PO Dir. Som. (1875).
120
      TNA, RG 12/1901; RG 13/2303.
121
      Kelly’s Dir. Som. (1923, 1931).
122
      SRO, A/AGH 1/308.
123
      Holworthy & Dwelly, Hearth Tax, I, 76—7.
124
      SRO, D/D/Bg 23; ibid. Q/REl 9/18; Q/RJl 9/18; Kelly’s Dir. Som. (1906—39).
125
      Census.
126
      Above, econ. hist.; PRO HO 107/1931.
127
      TNA, RG 11/2395; Census, 1821.
128
      Ibid. RG 12/1901; RG 13/2303.
129
      SRO, D/PC/s cad [uncat], Sutton Montis school letter book.
130
      Ibid. D/D/Ca 150.
131
      Ibid. D/D/WLS, box 2.
132
      Digest of Returns to the Select Committee on the Education of the Poor (Parl. Papers 1819 (224)
ix(2)), p. 800.
133
      Ann. Rep. Bath & Wells Dioc. Assoc. SPCK. (1826).
134
      Abstract of Educational Returns (Parl. Papers 1835 (62) xlii), 824.
135
      SRO, D/D/Va 2/4; Nat. Soc. Inquiry, 1846-7, Som. 16—17.
136
      Possibly built in 1843, for the Sunday school: SRO, C/E 4/380/373.
137
      Draft Scheme, Bath and Wells C. of E. Foundations; SRO, C/E 4/257/2, 4/380/373; below,
Weston Bampfylde, soc. hist.
138
      SRO, C/E 4/257/2, 4/380/373; D/PC/s cad [uncat], minutes, letter book.
139
      Ibid. D/P/sut.mon 18/7/1; ibid. C/E 4/64, 4/257/1.
140
      Ibid. C/E 4/64, 4/257/1.
141
      Ibid. 4/257/2, 4/64.
142
      Ibid. 4/64.
143
      Abstract of Returns of Charitable Donations made in 1787—8 (Parl Papers 1816 (511) xvi), pp.
1050—1; 11th Report of the Charity Commissioners for England and Wales (Parl Papers 1824), 396;
above, this section.
144
      SRO, D/P/sut.mon 9/3/1, 17/3/1; DD/C 320; DD/KW 7; D/PC/s cad [uncat], minutes; Char. Com.
Reg.
145
      SRO, A/AQP 9.
146
      Ibid. Q/RLa 23/2.
147
      Ibid. D/Va 1/4.
148
      Ibid. A/AGH 1/308; ibid. D/PC/s cad [uncat], planning files.
149
      Ibid. D/PC/s cad [uncat], minutes, planning files.
150
      TNA, ADM 36/15900.
151
      Castle Cary Visitor May 1912.
152
      SRO, C/EW 1/3.
153
      DNB.
154
      Below, buildings.
155
      F.W. Weaver (ed.), Somerset Wills, 1501—1530 (Som. Rec. Soc. 19, 1903), p. 24.



                                                                                                  19
156
      SRO, D/D/ord 69/2; D/P/cad.s 3/6/1.
157
      Ibid. D/P/ord 115/5; Dioc. Dir.
158
      Above, landownership; Cur. Reg. 1223—4, pp. 152—3.
159
      Green, Feet of Fines 1307—1346, 77. The 1316 presentation to a vicarage by Bruton priory is an
error for Shepton Montague: Bishop Hobhouse (ed.), Bishop Drokensford’s Register (Som. Rec. Soc.
1, 1887), 107; SRO, D/D/B reg 1, f. 95.
160
      Above, landownership; SRO, DD/SAS C/1696/1; D/D/Bp 26; Kelly’s Dir. Som. (1923).
161
      Kelly’s Dir. Som. (1931, 1939).
162
      SRO, D/D/ord 115/5; Dioc. Dir.
163
      Tax. Eccl. 197.
164
      H.C. Maxwell-Lyte (ed.), Register of Bishop King (Som. Rec. Soc. 54, 1939), p. 187.
165
      Valor Eccl. I, 155.
166
      SRO, D/D/Vc 24.
167
      Report of the Royal Commission on Ecclesiastical Revenues (Parl. Papers 1835 (67) xxii), pp.
154—5.
168
      Gen. Digest of Endowed Chars. (1869—71), 58—9; TNA, HO 129/320/1/4.
169
      Valor Eccl. I, 155.
170
      SRO, D/D/Rg 136.
171
      Ibid. D/D/C pet 1/16, 37—8.
172
      Ibid. 2/17—18.
173
      Ibid. D/D/Bg 23
174
      Ibid. tithe award.
175
      Valor Eccl. I, 155.
176
      SRO, D/D/Rg 136.
177
      Ibid. D/P/cad. n 3/1/1.
178
      Holmes, Register of Bishop Ralph, p. 731.
179
      SRO, D/D/Rg 136; ibid. tithe award.
180
      Ibid. D/D/Rb 1815; Rep. Com. Eccl. Revenues, pp. 154—5.
181
      SRO, tithe award
182
      Ibid. DD/WBF 4/172.
183
      Ibid. D/P/cad.s 3/1/1; OS Map Som. LVXXIV. SE (1886 edn).
184
      SRO, DD/CC E 4167; DD/WBF 3/161; D/D/ord 115/5; above, this section.
185
      Cal. Pat. 1292—1301, 271; 1553—4, 426.
186
      Holmes, Register of Bishop Ralph, pp. 458, 480, 506.
187
      Weaver, Som. Wills, 1501—1530, 24; Shilton and Holworthy, Medieval Wills from Wells, 209.
188
      H.C. Maxwell-Lyte (ed.), Bishops’ Registers, 1518—59 (Som. Rec. Soc. 55, 1940), pp. 44, 135;
SRO, D/D/Vc 20; TNA, STAC 4/6/4.
189
      SDNQ XIV, 268; Weaver, Som. Incumbents, 196, 209; PO Dir. Som. (1875).
190
      SRO, D/P/sut.mon 2/1/1—7.
191
      Ibid. D/D/Rrd 3, 6; E.H. Bates, ‘An Inventory of Church Plate in South-East Somerset’, PSAS. 43
(1897), 185.
192
      SRO, D/D/Rb 1815; D/D/Bo; D/D/Va 2/4; PO Dir. Som. (1861).
193
      TNA, HO 129/320/1/4.
194
      SRO, D/D/Va 14/4.
195
      Alumni Oxon. 1715—1886; SDNQ XXV, p. 20.
196
      Kelly’s Dir. Som. (1889, 1902); SRO, D/D/Cf 1895/3; D/P/sut.mon 4/1/1.
197
      SRO, D/P/sut.mon 2/5/1—3.
198
      Ibid. D/D/Rrd 3, 6.
199
      A.J. Webb, Two Tudor Subsidy Assessments (Som. Rec. Soc. 88, 2002), 32; Howard & Stoate,
Som. Protestation Returns, 203; SRO, DD/X/WBB 49.
200
      Parish documents were lost before 1938: J. E. King, Somerset Parochial Docs (1938), 331; and
registers before 1837: W. Phelps, History and Antiquities of Somerset I (1836), 424.
201
      SRO, D/D/Rg 136.
202
      Ibid. D/P/sut.mon 4/1/1; D/D/Va 2/4.
203
      Ibid. D/P/sut.mon 13/2/1.
204
      Ibid. 4/1/1; D/D/Va 14/4.
205
      11th Rep. Com. Char. 396; Phelps, Hist. Som. I, 424.
206
      SRO, tithe award; ibid. D/P/sut.mon 13/2/1.
207
      SCC, A Handlist of the records of the Boards of Guardians (1949), 112.



                                                                                                  20
208
    Youngs, Admin. Units, I, 674, 676.
209
    Holmes, Register of Bishop Ralph, p. 731.
210
    SRO, D/D/Ca 22.
211
    Ibid. 140, 328.
212
    Ibid. A/AQP 9.
213
    Phelps, Hist. Som. I, 424.
214
    E. Fawcett, ‘Royal Arms and Achievements in Somerset Churches’ , PSAS. 84 (ii) (1939), 46;
SRO, D/P/sut.mon 4/1/1.
215
    SRO, D/P/sut.mon 4/1/1.
216
    Ibid. DD/WBF 4/172; M. McGarvie (ed.), Sir Stephen Glynne’s Church Notes for Somerset
(Som. Rec. Soc. 82, 1994), 335.
217
    SRO, DD/WBF 20/450/1.
218
    Ibid. D/D/Cf 1895/3; Kelly’s Dir. Som. (1902).
219
    SRO, D/D/Cf 1904/107, 1912/45; DD/WBF 20/450/1.
220
    Kelly’s Dir. Som. (1902).
221
    SRO, D/D/Cf 1912/45.
222
    Ibid. 1904/107.
223
    Ibid. DD/SAS CH 16/2.
224
    Holmes, Register of Bishop Ralph, p. 260.
225
    SRO, D/D/Va 1/4, 2/4.
226
    Green, Feet of Fines 1347—99, 67.
227
    Nat. Lib. Wales, Milborne MS. 2073.
228
    SRO, DD/EDN 94.
229
    Ibid., tithe award.




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