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Distributed Generation Evaluatio

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					Distributed Generation Evaluation Software Tool                                                              1
                                                                                                                 Development and Dissemination of Economic and                                 2


                                                                                                                    Environmental Impact Evaluation Software

                                                                                                                  Ø   Joint Project Between NASEO and SAIC to DOE
                             Presented to:                                                                             Ø Software Development by SAIC

                   NASEO 2001 Energy Outlook Conference                                                                Ø Outreach and Dissemination by NASEO
                                                                                                                  Ø   Overview of Tool
                           February 27, 2001                                                                           Ø Evaluate the Economic and Environmental Tradeoffs Between Grid
                                                                                                                          Purchase Power and Distributed Generation Options
                                                                                                                       Ø DG Options

                                      Presented by:                                                                         Ø Reciprocating Engines
                                                                                                                            Ø Combustion Turbines
                                       Tom Londos                                                                           Ø Fuel Cells: Phosphoric Acid and Proton Exchange Membrane
                                                                                                                            Ø Microturbines
                                 Assistant Vice President                                                              Ø Graphical user Interface

                                                Group-
                               Energy Systems Group- SAIC                                                                   Ø Comparative Analysis Between 2 Options:Grid Purchase Vs. DG
                                                                                                                            Ø Result of Each Analysis
                                                                                                                                 Ø NPV, ROI, Simple Payback, Comparison of Emissions, LCC




                                                                                                             3                                                                                 4

                     Technologies to be Modeled                                                                                                 Applications

                                                                                                                          Ø    Standby Power
               Ø    DG Technologies                                                                                             Ø Cost of Outages
                     Ø Reciprocating Engine Generators: 500 kW 5 MW
                                                              kW--                                                              Ø Duration
                                                                                                                                Ø Lost Revenue
                                                kW--
                     Ø Turbine Generators: 50 kW 20 MW
                     Ø PAFC: Nominal 200 kW
                                                                                                                          Ø    Combined Heat and Power
                                                                                                                                Ø Annual Hours of Operation
                     Ø PEM: Nominal 250 kW
                                                                                                                                Ø Electrical Capacity Factor
                     Ø Microturbine: Nominal 75 KW                                                                              Ø Thermal Utilization
               Ø    Input Variables                                                                                       Ø    Peak Shaving Strategy
                     Ø DG Technology                                                                                            Ø Standby Charges
                     Ø # of Units                                                                                               Ø Starts per year
                     Ø Application                                                                                              Ø Peak Demand/Energy Charges
                     Ø Rated Capacity                                                                                           Ø Incentives
                     Ø Performance Rating                                                                                       Ø Additional Utility Specific Charges
                     Ø Availability
                                                                                                                          Ø    Stand Alone Generation
                     Ø Installed Costs
                                                                                                                                Ø Hours of Operation
                     Ø Maintenance Costs
                                                                                                                                Ø Electric Capacity Factor
                     Ø Emissions (DG Technology
                                                                                                                                Ø Number of Starts per Year
                     Ø Utility Costs:Variable Rate Schedules, Default Values
                                                                                                                                Ø Additional Utility Specific Charges
                     Ø Utility Emissions: Default Values




                                                                                                             5                                                                                 6

                                                                                                                                                   Schedule

                                                                              Calculate Life Cycle Costs              Ø       March -June (SAIC)
                                                                                                                              March-
                                                                                                                               Ø Modify and Expand Existing Software Modules and Develop GUI



State Energy Characteristics     Economic Parameters          Facility Characteristics      EnergyRates               Ø       June (SAIC/NASEO)
Average Electric Rate            Electric Rate Escalation     Annual Peak Demand            Electric Rates                     Ø Issue Beta Version of the Tool to Interested Parties
Average Natural Gas Rate         Fuel Rate Escalation         Annual kWh Consumption        Fuel Rates
Average Emission Rates           Estimated Inflation          Minimum Demand

                                                                                                                              July (SAIC)
            Nox                  Discount Rate                Annual Heating Fuel Load
            Sox                                               Annual Displaceable Fuel Load                           Ø
                                                                                                                               Ø Freeze the Design
            CO2                                               Thermal Interface Temperature
                                                              Boiler Efficiency

                Generation Technology                       Operating Scenario

                Engine Generator                            Standby Power
                                                                                                                      Ø       August Release Coordinated by NASEO
                Turbine Generator                           Combine Heat and Power
                Microturbine Generator                      Peak Shaving
                PEM - Proton Exchange Membrane
                                                            Stand Alone Generation
                                                                                                                      Ø       Project over September 30, 2001
                PAFC - Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell

                Other Fuel Cell Technology
                                                7
Contact Information


      Tom Londos
      SAIC
      8301 Greensboro Drive
      McLean , VA 22102
      McLean,
           703- 676-            703- 356-
      Tel. 703- 676 -5173, Fax 703- 356- 4056
                          saic.com
      E- Mail: LondosT @saic.com

				
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