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									 Cultural & Educational
 Technology Institute (CETI)
Ινζηιηούηο Πολιηιζηικής & Εκπαιδευηικής
Τεχνολογίας (ΙΠΕΤ) 1998-2001

         Υρηζηόδοσιος Υακδάς, Καζεγεηής Γ.Π.Θράθες

               Ξάλζε 16 Μαρηίοσ, 2001
                 Objectives
                 Structure
                 Infrastructure
                 Activities (Research projects, services)

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                     2
                 ...........
                 ...........
                 Βιομησανική Δποσή    (1930-1945)
                 Πςπηνική Δποσή       (1945-1960)
                 Γιαζηημική Δποσή     (1960-1975)
                 Πληποθοπική Δποσή (1975-1990)
                 Σηλε-Πληποθοπική Δποσή (1990-      )
                     • ΤΠΟΛΟΓΗ΢ΣΔ΢ - ΣΖΛΔΠΗΚΟΗΝΩΝΗΔ΢ - ΓΗΚΣΤΑ
Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                        3
                      ΤΠΟΛΟΓΗ΢ΣΔ΢
                           •   Γιπλαζιάζεηαι η ιζσύρ ηοςρ κάθε 18 μήνερ

                      ΟΠΣΗΚΔ΢ ΗΝΔ΢
                           •   Γιπλαζιάζεηαι ηο εύπορ ζώνηρ κάθε 12 μήνερ

                      ΜΗΚΡΟΚΤΜΑΣΗΚΔ΢ &
                       ΓΟΡΤΦΟΡΗΚΔ΢ ΕΔΤΞΔΗ΢
                           •   Γιπλαζιάζεηαι ηο εύπορ ζώνηρ κάθε 9 μήνερ

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                                    4
       founded in 1998 as a non-profit organisation under
        the auspices of the General Secretarial of Research
        and Technology of the Greek Ministry of Development
       It started its operation on September 1999
       The set-up of the infrastructure of the Cultural and
        Educational Technology Institute (CETI) was funded
        by the Greek Government with an initial start-up
        capital of 1,5 Million Euro for the period 1999-2001,
        as part of the Operational Programme for Research
        and Development of the 2nd Community Support
        Framework for Greece.
Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                        5
                           Objectives 1
      The aim of the Cultural and Education Technology Institute
        (C.E.T.I.) is the strengthening of research and technological
        activities and the application of new technologies to the
        sectors of humanitarian science and culture and to
        education. More specifically the Institute will concentrate
        its scientific activities a) to the application of Information
        Technology to the study of texts, analyses, study and
        registry of languages, works of art, monuments etc. b) to
        the study of related material, particularly ceramics, paper
        and parchments and c) to the application of information
        technology to the area of Education such as Distance
        Learning and Education-on-Demand.
Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                                 6
                           Objectives 2
      To this end, it tries to create the necessary technical
         infrastructure and to attract experienced scientists. The
         development of its infrastructure is funded with an initial
         budget of 1,5 Million ECU for the period 1999-2001. Its
         objective is to create high technology laboratories
         (multimedia, distance learning, archaeometry e.t.c.).
      In 1999-2000 the main emphasis was placed in the creation
         and operation of the Management and Administration
         Office, the Multimedia Laboratory and the Archaeometry

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                               7

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001         8
                                      Οπγανωηική Μοπθή ηος Η.Π.Δ.Σ.

                                                           Άιιοη Φορείς
                                                           θαη Ιλζηηηούηα

                ΔΡΓΑ΢ΣΗΡΙΟ         ΔΡΓΑ΢ΣΗΡΙΟ          STUDIO           ΔΡΓΑ΢ΣΗΡΙΟ        ΒΙΒΛΙΟΘΗΚΗ       ΤΠΟΛΟΓΙ΢ΣΙΚΗ
              ΑΡΥΑΙΟΜΔΣΡΙΑ΢        ΜΔΛΔΣΗ΢ &       ΗΥΟΓΡΑΦΗ΢ΔΩΝ                           (Ηιεθηροληθά       ΤΠΟΓΟΜΗ
                (Αλάισζες &       ΢ΤΝΣΗΡΗ΢Η΢      ΒΙΝΣΔΟ΢ΚΟΠΗ΢ΔΩΝ
                                                                         ΔΚΠΑΙΓΔΤ΢Η΢         Βηβιία)           (Κύρηος
             Ραδηοτρολοιόγεζες)    ΥΑΡΣΟΤ ΚΑΙ            ΚΑΙ
                                                  ΑΝΑΥΟΪΚΗ ΑΙΘΟΤ΢Α
                                                                        ΚΑΙ ΔΚΠΑΙΓΔΤ΢Η΢                      Τποιογηζηής
                                  ΠΔΡΓΑΜΗΝΗ΢                                ON DEMAND                         & Γίθησα)

                                                ΜΟΝΑΓΔ΢ ΤΠΟΓΟΜΖ΢ Η.Π.Δ.Σ.
                                                      ΗΝ΢ΣΗΣΟΤΣΟ                                                           Γ.Π.Θ.
                                                            &                                                              Δ.Η.Δ.
                                               ΘΔΜΑΣΗΚΔ΢ ΜΟΝΑΓΔ΢ Η.Π.Δ.Σ.

         ΠΟΛΗΣΗ΢ΣΗΚΖ ΣΔΥΝΟΛΟΓΗΑ                                                                      ΔΚΠΑΗΓΔΤΣΗΚΖ
         Μειέηε                                                                                      ΣΔΥΝΟΛΟΓΗΑ
         1. Διιεληθής & Ρωκαϊθής Αρταηόηεηας
                                                           1. CD-ROM, CD-I                1.
         2. Βσδαληηλής Δποτής                                                             2.
         3. Νεοειιεληθής Δποτής                            2. WWW
                                                           3. VIDEO                       3. . . . . .
         4. . . . . .
                                                           4.Ηιεθηροληθοί Θεζασροί
                                                    5. . . . . .


Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                                                                                      9

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                        10
      1 Director
      1 Post Doctoral Fellow (N. Tsirliganis, Archaeometry)
      3 Ph.D. Candidates
      1 Software Engineer
      2 Technicians
      2 Administrative Staff
      2 Undergraduate Students

      Summer 99, 7 Undergraduate Students (5 Greeks, 2 French)
      Summer 00 4 Undergraduate Students (2 Greeks, 2 French)

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                         11
                              Financial Review
              00 0.0
         1 60.       00
              00 0.0
         1         000
             .0 00.
         120 .000
              000                                                     1999
         1         000                                                2000
              0 00.
           80.       00
              00 0.0                                                  2001 (expected)
           60.       00
              00 0.0                                                  2002 (expected)
           40.       00
              00 0.0
           20.        0
                          GSRT Funding     Funds from      Services
                                         Competitive R &
                                         D Programmes

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                                                12
                     Cultural Technology
      The research, preservation and promotion of the
        versatile and multi-dimensional character of the
        our Culture and Heritage with the usage of
      It requires the coexistence and collaboration of
         people with different backround (Technology,

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                   13
               Educational Technology
              DEVELOPMENT OF

               LEARNING and TRAINING,

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                  14
                  What is Educational Technology for us?

                  A complex combination of hardware and
                   software with applications to teaching and

                  Combination of audio, channels, computer
                   code, data, graphics, video or text.

                  We are interested equally well in software
                   conception and in pedagogical applications of
                   instructional material.

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                           15
      C.E.T.I. has been funded by GSRT with 1.5 Meuro for the development of
         its infrastructure during its first 3 years (1999-2001)

      Basic Equipment and Infrastructure
       Today: 20 desktop and portable PCs (25 by the end of 2000)
       1 Colour printer Tektronix Phaser 850
       1 Laser printer HP LaserJet 8100 DN (by the end of 2000)
       2 Inkjet Printers (1 A3 size EPSON 3000)
       1 Digital Copier-Laser Printer-LAN FAX-LAN Scanner (Xerox 340D
       1 Scanner UMAX Powerlook II
       CDRWs, UPSs, video projectors etc.

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                                       16
                    Infrastructure (cont.)
      Network Infrastructure
         2 Mbps leased HDSL
         1 CISCO Router
         100 Mbps switched LAN
         1 Compaq Proliant 3000 server
         1 Compaq Proliant ML570 server
         1 SUN ULTRA 450 Elite server
         1 SUN E3500 server
         1 Linux server

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                     17
                    Infrastructure (cont.)
      Multimedia Infrastructure
       Specialized scanners
           •   High resolution scanner UMAX PowerLook 3000 (3000 dpi)
           •   Slide/film scanner Polaroid SprintScan 4000 (4000 dpi)
           •   Book scanner BookEye
           •   Microfilm scanner Cannon MS-500
           •   3D scanner KREON Laser Scanner KLS 171 with FARO arm model silver (by the
               end of 2000)
       Film/slide printer Polaroid Propalette 7000
       Professional digital camera with exchangeable lenses, NIKON D1
       3D digital camera, Minolta 1500 3D
       Sony DSR-5000WSP digital video camera (by the end of 2000)
       Sony digital and analog video player/recorder (DSR-40P, SLV-SF99) (by the
        end of 2000)
       Video/audio non-linear editing workstation (by the end of 2000)
       Sony professional audio console (by the end of 2000)
Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                                                   18
                    Infrastructure (cont.)
      Specialized Software
         CUSeeMe Meeting Point web-based educational software
         Allaire ColdFusion Application server
         Macromedia Web an Multimedia development software
         Oracle 8i DBMS/application server
         Geomedia PRO, Web-map GIS software
         Data analysis, plotting and statistics software (Mathcad, Origin etc)

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                                          19
                     Infrastructure (cont.)
      Archaeometry Laboratory
       TL/IRSL/Blue OSL system, RISO model TL/OSL-DA-15A/B
       Radiation measurement and spectroscopy systems
         • α-counting system, SCI model 7286
         • α-, β-spectroscopy system, EURISYS NIM components and software
            (June 2001)
         • Portable NaI(Tl) γ-spectroscopy system (June 2001)
         • α-, β-, γ-, x-ray dosimeter and area monitor, ESM model FH 40 GL
       α- and β- irradiators, SCI model 9220 (June 2001)
       Portable κ-XRF system (June 2001, can also support the Environment
          and Cultural Heritage Laboratory)
       X-ray radiogaphy system and automated X-ray film development system (June
          of 2001)

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                                            20
                    Infrastructure (cont.)
      Sample Preparation Infrastructure
         Ultra-pure water purification system, Millipore DIRECT Q
         Solar simulator (June 2001)
         Laboratory and analytical grade electronic balances
         Automatic shieve-shaker and grain analysis system
         Laboratory oven and furnace
         Microwave sample digestion system, CEM model Mars 5
         Miscellaneous chemical laboratory equipment (fume hood, ultrasound
          bath etc)

      The above equipment support the Archaeometry, Paper and Parchment
         and Environment and Cultural Heritage Laboratories

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                                       21
                    Infrastructure (cont.)
      Paper and Parchment Laboratory
       Stereomicroscope with CCD camera and image processing system,
        LEICA MZ APO (by the end of 2000)
       Multispectral (RGB, near IR) camera, DuncanTech MS-3100

      The above equipment can also support the Archaeometry and the Environment and
         Cultural Heritage Laboratories

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                                              22
        Specialized Scanners


    slides & film
                                  High Resolution
                                  (4000 dpi)
Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                            23
                3D camera

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001         24
                           Multispectra Camera

                     RGB/IR camera


Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                         25
     Σπιζδιάζηαηορ ΢απωηήρ (3D scanner)

                                          3D

                       3D Archiving

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                         26

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001             27
                           Basic Principle

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                     28
                           THE METHOD

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                29
                Replication of Cultural Objects

     Scanning              Wire Frame   3D representation Replica

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                            30
     Represents the interface between archaeology and the
      natural and physical sciences.
     Involves close collaboration between archaeologists, art
      historians, curators, conservators, and scientists who apply
      modern instrumental techniques to objects to extract
      technological, cultural, and historical information from objects
      and archaeological/historical contexts.
     Applications range from archaeological fieldwork to
      conservation of museum objects and historic monuments,
      including such topics as bone chemistry, technological and
      provenance studies, prospection and geoarchaeology,
      advanced dating techniques, and art forgery.

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                                 31
             Archaeometry Laboratory
     Study of ceramics (pottery) and glasses
         •   Thermoluminescence (TL) and Optically stimulated
             (OSL): dating and authentication
         •   Chemical analysis: provenance studies, clay
             geochemistry, patterns of manufacture and trade,
             social and palaeodietary studies
         •   X-ray analysis: provenance studies, patterns of
             manufacture and trade, determination of temper and
             firing temperature, investigation of the intersections
             between ceramic and metalworking technologies
             (ancient technology), erosion studies.
         •   Stereoscopy: craftsmanship, erosion studies
Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                              32
                       TL/OSL System
                               Dating of ceramic and glass
                                 •   Thermoluminesce
                                       Fine-Grain technique
                                       Quartz inclusion technique
                                 •   Optically Stimulated
                                     Luminescence (IR, blue
                                       Multi-aliquot method
                                       Single aliquot method
                               Authentication
                               Dating of geological
                                materials (rocks, sediments)

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                             33
  Analytical Chemistry Techniques
     Techniques based on                  Chromatographic
      Optical Wavelengths                   Techniques (Separation
       • Atomic absorption                  techniques)
         Spectrometry (AAS)                  •   Gas Chromatography
               Single element analysis          (GC)
         •   Inductively Coupled             •   Liquid Chromatography
             Plasma Emission                     (LC, HPLC)
             Spectrometry (ICP-
                                           Analysis of resins, tars, waxes,
             AES)                            dyestuff and food constituents
               Multi-element Analysis            from pottery vessels

    • Sample preparation                  • Pretreatment of samples
Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                                      34
                           X-ray Analysis

       X-ray radiography
           •   Sheathing
           •   Erosion studies
           •   Structrure
       X-ray fluorescence (XRF)
           •   Stoichiometric analysis
       X-ray diffraction (XRD)
           •   Structure (crystallography)

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                     35

                                  Stereomicroscope
                                   •   Microscopic study of
                                   •   Erosion
                                   •   Glazing, pigment

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                      36
            Current Research Projects
       Study of satellite broadband networks LEO/MEO for cellular
        multimedia telecommunication systems
       META-ICON
       Veria "Metropolis" of Macedonia
       European Schoolnet Knowledge Centre for Teachers and Researchers
       Teleworking
       Human Network for Cultural Informatics

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                                   37
       Title: Study of satellite broadband networks LEO/MEO
          for cellular multimedia telecommunication systems
   Budget: 50.000.000 grd (CETI 16.000.000 grd (46.680 Euro))
   Funded by: PENED 1999
   Duration: 18 months
   Objectives: The objective of this research project is the broad-casting of
   multimedia data through low orbit, broadband satellite networks (LEO). The
   project is realized with the collaboration of the Observatory of Athens (NOA),
   C.E.T.I. (CETI) and the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (AUTH).
        The project is divided into three Research Areas (RA), namely:
RA1:     Broadband transmission and reception systems (NOA)
RA2:     Multi-access techniques with support of multimedia applications (AUTH)
RA3:     Encoding/broadcasting techniques of static and moving images (CETI)

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                                            38
   Budget: 8.000.000 grd (23.530 Euro)
   Funded by: SYN 1998
   Duration: 12 months
   Objectives: Research project regarding the documentation and
   study of special algorithms for the transmission of multimedia
   data in the Internet.

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                            39
                     Title: Veria "Metropolis" of Macedonia
   Budget: 40.000.000 grd (CETI 8.200.000 grd ( 23.924 Euro))
   Funded by: EPET II (45.82 %), Municipality of Veria (54.18 %)
   Duration: 30 months
   Objectives: The objective of the program is the research, study
   and electronic recording of sources (archaeological sites, written
   sources, monuments, archives) relative to history and culture of
   the city of Veria through the ages.
   The results, upon completion of the program, will be available
   through an electronic database, which will have two publicly
   available user-interfaces, namely a web site and a CD-ROM.

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                            40
            Title:European Schoolnet Knowledge Centre for
                        Teachers and Researchers
   Budget: 6.590.000 grd (CETI 4.627.740 grd (13.611 Euro))
   Funded by: SOCRATES, European Union.
   Duration: 18 months
   Objectives: Study of the effects that new technologies have on
   secondary education. In the framework of this project, special
   educational seminars are held throughout Greece in order to
   inform teachers in the field.

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                            41
   Budget: 16.500.000 grd (CETI 1.150.000 grd (3.382 Euro))
   Funded by: Laboratory Networks for the Dissemination of R & D Knowledge, EPET ΙΙ
   Duration: 18 months
   Objectives: The target of this project is to develop collaborations and
   improve the communication between academic and research institutions as
   well as private and public organizations interested in teleworking. The aim is
   an inter-disciplinarian approach of this novel type of work that can play an
   important role for growth and employment. Among the activities are included
   the undertaking of actions regarding the real and “virtual” member
   collaboration, the following of international developments in the field of
   teleworking (new technology solutions, “virtual enterprises” etc.), as well as
   the dissemination of scientific information regarding its implementation.

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                                              42
                 Title:Human Network for Cultural Informatics
   Budget: 14.500.000 grd (CETI 995.664 grd (2.805 Euro))
   Funded by: Laboratory Networks for the Dissemination of R & D Knowledge, EPET ΙΙ
   Duration: 18 months
   Objectives: The objective of this project is the promotion of collaboration
   among laboratories, research groups, enterprises and cultural organizations
   involved or interested the field of cultural informatics. The aim is to provide to
   the participating members a broader and complete information on the activities
   of other members, as well as the international developments in the field.
   Additional aims is to provide a broader framework for activities promoting
   cultural informatics as the state-of-the-art technology immediately connected
   to the great national asset of culture and enable the members to exploit
   funding opportunities from a better standpoint through appropriate
   collaborations. National and international seminars and meetings are held for
   this purpose, and a relevant site will be created in the Internet.

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                                              43
       Thrace and the Greek Parliament
       Ark of refugee heirloom

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                  44
          Title: Thrace and the Greek Parliament
Budget: 13.000.000 grd (38.200 Euro)
Funded by: Greek Parliament      Duration: 1 year

    Objectives: The aim of this project is the digital recording of all
    references to Thrace which are included in the Greek Parliament
    archives, from 1848 until present. The deliverable will be a
    multimedia CD-Rom including the above material and offering
    capabilities for searching the records and presenting the results. This
    product will establish a supplemental historical database for all
    scientists who are interested in the modern history of Thrace.

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                                      45
                 Title: Ark of refugee heirloom
   Budget: 7.000.000 grd ( 20.5000 Euro)
   Funded by: INTEREG II     Duration: 1 year

        Objectives: Recording, photographing and registration in a
        INTERNET database of more than four thousand items, heirloom
        of the 1914-1924 refugees living in the areas of Eastern
        Macedonia and Thrace. It is attempted in this way, to document
        the cultural identity of the Greeks and distinguish their presence
        and cultural production in their places of origin, lying beyond the
        present borders of Greece. In addition, the thorough
        documentation and publication will help to safeguard these
        important and rare collection items and will offer new possibilities
        for research and cross-referencing of primary information. At the
        same time it is expected to advance the "cultural tourism" of the
Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                                       46
                  CETI is the first R&D Institute in East
                   Macedonia & Thrace
                  It needs its own building (> 1000 m2)
                  Human Resources

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                     47
                                 Conclusion (cont.)
                           The University is vital to its Growth
                           The Institute is essential for the
                               University and the Region
                           It is expected to create 30 NEW high
                               technology positions in THRACE

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                       48
           Future Plans and Activities
                           Cultural Technology

       Expand the Capabilities of the Archaeometry Lab
       Establish a lab in Environment and Cultural Heritage
       Invest in the operation of the Paper and Parchment Lab

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                         49
 Future Plans and Activities (cont.)
                           Educational Technology

       Establish a lab in E-learning
       Be a competent institution on new educational
        technologies, at a national level

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                50
  Future Plans and Activities (cont.)

       3D-Imaging
       Multi-Spectra Imaging
       Network Databases

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                51
               Paper and Parchment Laboratory
       Supplemental Infrastructure
           • Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) type Environmental (ESEM)
             (will also support and vastly expand the capabilities of the
             Archaeometry and the Environment and Cultural Heritage
           • Optical microscope with high magnification and peripherals for
             sample preparation
           • Reflectometer IR/UV
           • FT-IR spectrometer
           The Laboratory will take advantage of the existing infrastructure for
             the Archaeometry Laboratory

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                                           52
        Environment and Cultural Heritage
       Study of the effects of microclima and air pollution on cultural
        objects (historical buildings, monuments, works of art, museums,
        churches, etc)
           •   Long- and short-term monitoring and quantitative study of the
               microclima and atmospheric pollutants in the vicinity of cultural
               objects, both in- and out-doors
           •   Long-term monitoring of the chemical composition of the surfaces of
               cultural objects (erosion)
           •   Establishment of qualitative and quantitative links between chemical
               composition (erosion) and environmental factors
       Development of special chemical sensors to assess pollution
        problems both in- and out-doors
       Development of special impactors for the analytical measurements
        of the concentration of biological pollutants and study of their
        effects on cultural objects.

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                                              53
        Environment and Cultural Heritage
                Laboratory (cont.)
       Supplemental Infrastructure
           •   Gas chromatography – Mass spectroscopy system (GC/MS) (will also
               support and expand the capabilities for autonomous chemical analysis
               of the Archaeometry Laboratory)
           •   Gas analysers and sensors (ozone, NOx, CO2 etc)
           •   Interclima analyser with temperature, humidity and wind sensors
           •   Miscellaneous supplementary equipment (sampling canisters etc)

      The Laboratory will take advantage of the existing infrastructure for
        the Archaeometry Laboratory

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                                         54
                                      E-Learning Lab
                            Tele-education
                           Self-education: access (search and retrieval) to
                              educational material for different subjects that
                              concerns teachers, students and parents
                           Collaborative learning: communication and active
                              participation to discussions and to redaction of
                              collaborative activities.
                           Virtual class: series of lessons in real time with the
                              possibility of interactive communication via
                              primary ISDN connection. Experimental function
                           Virtual Mobility: Flexible    Web    based   Distance
                              Education and Training

Τηλεργασία- Μάρτιος 2001                                                       55
      Εξέλιξη ηος Σπόπος Διδαζκαλίαρ

         Από την Αρταιότητα έως σήμερα – Πποζωπική
          επαθή διδάζκονηορ-διδαζκομένων ζηην ύπαιθπο,
          ηην Αγοπά ή ζςγκεκπιμένο κηήπιο

         Από τα μέσα τοσ 1800 – Δκπαίδεςζη δι’
          αλληλογπαθίαρ (κςπίωρ ξένερ γλώζζερ)

         Σήμερα – Δκπαίδεςζη εξ’ αποζηάζεωρ σάπη ζηην
          εξάπλωζη ηος Internet.

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     Εικονική Σάξη (Virtual Classroom)

   Παπόμοια οπγάνωζη με ηην κλαζζική εκπαίδεςζη
    (διάπκεια ζποςδών, εξεηάζειρ, επγαζίερ για ηο «ζπίηι»,
    αξιολόγηζη μαθηηών)
   Πλεονέκηημα η δςναηόηηηα «αζύγσπονηρ» μάθηζηρ – ο
    μαθηηήρ παπακολοςθεί ηο μάθημα όηαν και όπος μποπεί.
   Ζ αλληλεπίδπαζη διδαζκόμενος-διδάζκονηορ και μεηαξύ
    ηων διδαζκομένων εξαζθαλίζεηαι είηε on-line (chat) είηε
    off-line (e-mail).

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Σεσνολογία Εκπαίδεςζηρ Εξ’ Αποζηάζεωρ

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                           QUESTIONS ?

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