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THE BIBLE

VIEWS: 15 PAGES: 24

									     THE BIBLE
Inspiration and Authority
WHAT METHODS OF INTERPRETATION?

• Faith and reason are not enemies.
• Faith is based upon a belief that God has
  spoken to us.
• Reason is based upon the consistency of
  natural laws that the faithful believe were
  spoken into existence by God.
• Faith and reason are both true and
  consistent.
                      Inspiration and Authority of the Bible
WHAT METHODS OF INTERPRETATION?

• Philosophers through the ages have
  sought the “first cause.”
• The Word of God indicates that cause.
• The truthfulness of God’s Word is
  accepted by faith and supported by
  reason.



                    Inspiration and Authority of the Bible
WHAT METHODS OF INTERPRETATION?

• To come to true faith one must use a
  process of reasoning. Right and wrong
  can only be determined when reason and
  revelation are brought together.
• The modern philosophy of rejecting
  absolute truth and making truth relative
  flies in the face of reason. How can one
  say, “There is no absolute truth,” if he
  doesn’t believe anything is absolute?

                    Inspiration and Authority of the Bible
WHAT METHODS OF INTERPRETATION?

• Divine revelation and a reasonable
  hermeneutic (The theory and methodology
  of interpretation of scriptural text.) are
  required unless letting everyone do what is
  right in their own eyes is acceptable.
• Hermeneutics based on experience are
  not acceptable. “I don’t care what the Bible
  says; I feel it in my heart.”

                      Inspiration and Authority of the Bible
WHAT METHODS OF INTERPRETATION?

• Hermeneutics based on tradition are
  unacceptable. The voice of the pope or
  statements of creeds or councils do not pass
  muster.
• Hermeneutics based on accepting a doctrine
  and then trying to prove it from scriptures is
  unacceptable. If one wants a pope bad enough,
  then the play on the Greek word “petros” will find
  you one in Mt. 16:18.

                         Inspiration and Authority of the Bible
WHAT METHODS OF INTERPRETATION?

• Only a hermeneutic based on

 -    the meaning of words,
 -   structure of sentences,
 -   rules of grammar and
 -   the context

 will lead us to the truth.

                       Inspiration and Authority of the Bible
WHAT METHODS OF INTERPRETATION?

• Questions that need answers:
• Why is reason an essential tool for
  understanding the Bible?
• What are other sources of authority that people
  use for their faith and practice?
• How does changing biblical interpretation
  change church practice? And vice versa.
• How does correct interpretation produce a
  biblical unity within the church (locally and
  beyond)?

                        Inspiration and Authority of the Bible
  RULES OF INTERPRETATION
• Let us not forget the part that reason plays in our
  Bible study.
• Reason is how we will make two seemingly
  contradictory passages agree.
• Reason is how we determine which translation
  best suits the meaning of the text and context.
• Reason is how we decide if what the scriptures
  are saying in a particular passage even apply to
  us.

                                  Methods of Interpretation
  RULES OF INTERPRETATION
• When studying the scriptures we must consider
  the historical circumstances. The order, author,
  date, place and occasion of the book are
  important.
• Who is speaking and under what dispensation.
  Who is being addressed, what are their
  prejudices, character and current religious
  standing?
• When interpreting one book of the Bible, other
  books of the Bible and their interpretation must
  be respected.
                                 Methods of Interpretation
  RULES OF INTERPRETATION
• Common usage of words must be
  accepted unless according to testimony or
  context we must accept them otherwise.
  - Context and parallel passages must be
      acknowledged to determine the usage.
• Figures of speech, especially those with
  figurative applications, must be studied in
  their context and compared to similar
  passages and contexts.

                             Methods of Interpretation
  RULES OF INTERPRETATION
• When interpreting symbols, types,
  allegories and parables, determine the
  point being illustrated and take care not to
  overextend that particular point.
• A superficial study of scriptures might
  bring you to Christ, but it will not keep you
  in Christ.


                               Methods of Interpretation
A COMMON SENSE HERMENEUTIC

• The so-called “restoration hermeneutic” of
  command, example, and necessary
  inference (CEI) has come under fire from
  within and without the church over the last
  50 years.
• Is this a reliable method of interpretation or
  just “Campbellism?”


                               Methods of Interpretation
A COMMON SENSE HERMENEUTIC
• While men such as Campbell and Stone refined
  this hermeneutic they did not invent it.
• Luther, Calvin, and Zwingli had all previously
  rejected the traditions of the Catholic Church.
• The Puritans held many ideals that agree with
  CEI.
• Leaders of the Restoration movement were
  influenced by the thinking of Bacon and even
  Locke (probably an atheist) through his more
  spiritual disciples such as Berkeley.

                                Methods of Interpretation
A COMMON SENSE HERMENEUTIC

• The age in which the American
  Restoration Movement (ARM) was born
  emphasized critical thinking.
• Truth was to be discovered through a
  rational and logical process; common
  sense rather than religious dogma would
  be a natural way for these men to
  approach Bible study.

                            Methods of Interpretation
A COMMON SENSE HERMENEUTIC

• We would not be in agreement with all
  churches that came out of the ARM.
• The Mormons, the Disciples of Christ, The
  Christian Church, and even the
  Mainstream churches of Christ all hold
  different hermeneutics that we would not
  be comfortable with.


                            Methods of Interpretation
A COMMON SENSE HERMENEUTIC

• Churches that have tried to stay true to the
  original tenets of the ARM still reject a
  higher earthly authority beyond the local
  church and view the scriptures as fully
  inspired and authoritative.
• No creed, no central organization and no
  clergy. No instrumental music, no human
  organizations doing the churches work, no
  women in men’s roles.

                              Methods of Interpretation
A COMMON SENSE HERMENEUTIC

• But the true scriptural hermeneutic is not a
  “once for all” closed system.
• Each generation must continue to study to
  show themselves approved and go
  beyond the milk of the word to the meat.




                              Methods of Interpretation
A COMMON SENSE HERMENEUTIC

• The disillusioned believer will hold the
  most negative view of the church and the
  scriptures because they feel the church;
  the Bible; and God have failed them.
• Let’s pray that the emptiness of life without
  God will bring them back into the fold
  before it is too late.


                              Methods of Interpretation
A COMMON SENSE HERMENEUTIC

• Common Sense (Acts 17:11; Jn. 5:39)
  – the knowledge we pick up from our
      interactions and encounters with the
      world around us.
• It’s the basic level of practical information
  and judgment we use to help us live in this
  world.



                               Methods of Interpretation
A COMMON SENSE HERMENEUTIC
• Some things are obvious; most people do not
  paint or eat with their toes.
• Building a computer that has common sense is
  bordering on impossible; to program all the
  things we pick up over a course of a lifetime or
  by reading of other’s experiences is a
  monumental task.
• From birth we are acquiring evidence and
  making decisions that determine our very
  survival.

                                  Methods of Interpretation
 A COMMON SENSE HERMENEUTIC

• The hermeneutic of Jesus. Lk. 10:21 shows that
  Jesus expected the wise of the world to not
  understand what he was about.
• Lk. 10:25 - What shall I do to inherit eternal life?
• Lk. 10:26-28 - Read the scriptures and find out
  what to do and do it.
• Lk. 10:29 - Who is my neighbor? How can I
  know?
• Lk. 10:30-37 - Christ’s common sense answer.
                                   Methods of Interpretation
A COMMON SENSE HERMENEUTIC

• Reading the Bible using common sense.
  - Heb. 7:13-14
  - The priesthood of Christ is different than the
     priesthood of Aaron. How do we know?
  - Common sense. Jesus was of the tribe of
     Judah, not Levi, therefore His priesthood
     would be different.
• Common sense is not something to be
  proven; it is something to be assumed.

                                 Methods of Interpretation
     THE BIBLE
Inspiration and Authority

								
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