The Advantages and Disadvantages of Native American Casinos in

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The Advantages and Disadvantages of Native American Casinos in Oklahoma

                   Class: Com/220 Research Writing

             Casinos are all glitz and glimmer with all their beautiful lights,

the machines that make those sounds when people hit the jackpots, but did

you know that is part of the good things casinos have? They have bad things

too, like people that are addicted to gambling spending their life savings, and

rent money trying to win that jackpot.

             Though the Native Americans are looked badly upon for not

having to pay taxes on their money they bring in from their casinos, they

help with the economy as far as jobs and schooling. They help the schools by

funding scholarships, grant money, and they made more jobs available in


             Casinos claim they help the communities around them.

According to the chief of the Peoria Tribe John P. Froman the gaming

industry helps the economy in Oklahoma, because they have made more jobs

available for the residents and surrounding communities, supplied funds to

help tribal members with their burial cost, by having benefits for schooling

so that no child will go without an education. Casinos give the state money to

build new schools, so that there are more schools for children to attend.

Jana McKeag says that the casino dollars help Native Americans get degrees

in different subjects such as Accounting, law, medical, engineering, and


              Casinos in Oklahoma contribute some of their money to

different charities. They help communities expand, that way more

structures can be built. When any kind of disaster strikes in Oklahoma the

casino’s help the communities by donating money for hotel rooms for the

one’s that end up losing their homes to flooding, tornadoes, and ice storms.

The casinos help the local businesses by purchasing supplies, and other

things needed for the casino from them. They advertise, and have different

kinds of attractions to help bring more tourists to the areas.

              They have concerts from country singers, to comedians. They

bring in different entertainment like professional boxers that attract

world-wide television sports stations. They have functions for families to

come to with their kids, such as bike runs that have carnivals, and games for

the kids to play. They have some bike runs that help with the different

charities. Employs at the casinos get good benefits that help them such as

retirement plans, health insurance, and life insurance policies. Most pay for

the employs part of the benefits, but have the employees pay for the

children and spouses part.

             Casinos are looked down on by some people. Some people

believe that casinos destroy lives. They believe that gambling is like drugs.

People become very addicted to them. They end up losing anything of value.

Some people get so addicted they end up losing their home, and living on the

streets. People try to live off of the casino by becoming big gamblers that

live off of their winnings. People think that if they go in to the casino with

their money they can try and double it. They take their life savings, grocery

money, bill money, whatever funds that are available to them to gamble.

             Casinos are believed to attract alcoholics, because some of

them offer free drinks to those that are gambling. People think that casinos

tend to make people drink more. They have different bars throughout the

casino that people can set at and play the many different types of machines.

People tend to get drunk at the casino, and spend more money on gambling.

Some people look down on the Native American casinos, because they do not

have to pay taxes on their money. People believe that the Native Americans

should have to be taxed on their money just like everyone else is. They

believe that if the casinos can afford to give so much money to their tribal

members than they can also afford to pay taxes.

             Casinos are believed to be making it very hard on Native

Americans. According to David Yeagley in his article The Last Indian War?

He states that Casinos are bringing billions of dollars to the Indian tribes.

He also states that he believes that casinos are going to destroy the Indians

tribal status. He believes the Indians are going to end losing their

reservations. According to an article from the website the critics of tribal gambling claim that tribal casinos

unfairly compete against local hotels, restaurants, and pari-mutuel

operators; hurt state lottery sales; place an increased burden on states to

address problems resulting from pathological gambling; introduce

opportunities for money laundering and organized crime; and hurt the

culture and political stability of the tribes. People think that casinos are so

addictive that people will steal just to have money to go to the casinos and

play. People that are addicted to gambling tend to embezzle hundreds up on

thousands of dollars from their work places if they have access to the

accounts or the money for the company. They will do what it takes to see

how much they can win. Some even believe that they are really just

borrowing the money from the company and they will win more to pay the

company right back. They think if they go that they have a big chance on

winning even if the odds are against them. There are lots of reports of

people stealing money and going to the casino to gamble it. Sometimes in the

Miami News Record Miami, Oklahoma there are reports on people embezzling

money from the casinos themselves. People make statements those casinos

because more drug trafficking in the communities surrounding them. They

believe that people buy drugs to keep them awake so they can stay out all

night playing to hit that one big jackpot.

There are many reasons that gambling is a problem the statistics will show
the advantages and disadvantages of gambling. These statistics are
according to the website

                           Gambling Statistics
     What is unique about the current gambling situation is the speed at
     which it has gone from an undercurrent in American society to high-
     profile, socially recognized activity.
         The gambling industry has grown tenfold in the U.S. since

            Thirty-seven states now have lotteries

            15 million people display some sign of gambling addiction

            Two-thirds of the adult population placed some kind of bet last

            Gambling profits in casinos are more than $30 billion while
             lotteries are about 17 billion annually

              "Players" with household incomes under $10,000 bet nearly
             three times as much on lotteries as those with incomes over


             In 1973 state lotteries had $2 billion in sales. By 1997, the
              revenues reached $34 billion

             Gambling among young people is on the increase: 42 percent
              of 14-year-olds, 49 percent of 15-year-olds, 63 percent of 16-
              year-olds, 76 percent of 18-year-olds.

             There are now approximately 260 casinos on Indian
              reservations (in 31 states and with $6.7 billion in revenue)

             Internet gambling has nearly doubled every year since 1997 –
              in 2001 it exceed $2 billion

             The Internet boasts 110 sport-related gambling sites

             According to the American Psychological Association the
              Internet could be as addictive as alcohol, drugs, and gambling

             After casinos opened in Atlantic City, the total number of
              crimes within a thirty-mile radius increased 100 percent

             The average debt incurred by a male pathological gambler in
              the U.S. is between $55,000 and $90,000 (it is $15,000 for
              female gamblers)

             The average rate of divorce for problem gamblers is nearly
              double that of non-gamblers

             The suicide rate for pathological gamblers is twenty times
              higher than for non-gamblers (one in five attempts suicide)

              Sixty-five percent of pathological gamblers commit crimes to
              support their gambling habit

There are many types of gamblers some are people that can afford to gamble and some
are ones that think that they can gamble to make ends meet. These are names of different
types of gamblers from the website

Types of Gamblers

Professional: Gambling is his primary source of income; makes his living

Casual Social Gambler: Gambling is one of many forms of entertainment;
gamble infrequently.

Serious Social Gambler: Gambles as a major source of entertainment; plays
regularly at one or more types of gambling, and does so with great absorption
and intensity.

Relief-and-Escape Gambler: Major activity in person's life of equal importance
with family and business; but rest of life goes on without integrity being seriously
impaired; more than a pastime.

Compulsive Gambler: Gambling is only thing in life; ignores family and
business, and often turns to crime to support his/her habit.

Antisocial Personality: Life career is getting money by illegal means; those who
gamble tries to fix gambling games.

              So even though casinos have their disadvantages, they do have a

few good advantages. Sometimes the disadvantages may out way the

advantages, but who really can say which out ways which. Having jobs

available that actually pay well with good benefits, or helping children with

their education, that is a very good advantage. Then people drinking a lot,

and gambling can cause a big problem. People spend their life savings,

grocery money, bill money, and clothes money for their kids those are pretty

big disadvantages.


John P. Froman (2008) Oklahoma Indian Issues. University of Phoenix Library

Jana McKeag (2007) New Leaders, New Challenges. University of Phoenix Library

Justin Juozapavicius (2007-2009) Casinos Boom in Oklahoma Despite Sour Economy.

Native American Times

Library Index (2009) Casinos: The Effect of Native American Tribal Casinos.

David Yeagley (2003) Casinos: The Last Indian War? Front

Sean Harrison (2008) Quapaw’s Open Upscale Resort Hotel and Casino. University of

Phoenix Library.

Alfonso R. Oddo (1997) The Economics and Ethics of casino gambling.

April Spurlock (2004) Gambling Becoming Addiction among Teenagers, Young Adults.