The Advantages and Disadvantages of Native American Casinos in Oklahoma
Class: Com/220 Research Writing
Casinos are all glitz and glimmer with all their beautiful lights,
the machines that make those sounds when people hit the jackpots, but did
you know that is part of the good things casinos have? They have bad things
too, like people that are addicted to gambling spending their life savings, and
rent money trying to win that jackpot.
Though the Native Americans are looked badly upon for not
having to pay taxes on their money they bring in from their casinos, they
help with the economy as far as jobs and schooling. They help the schools by
funding scholarships, grant money, and they made more jobs available in
Casinos claim they help the communities around them.
According to the chief of the Peoria Tribe John P. Froman the gaming
industry helps the economy in Oklahoma, because they have made more jobs
available for the residents and surrounding communities, supplied funds to
help tribal members with their burial cost, by having benefits for schooling
so that no child will go without an education. Casinos give the state money to
build new schools, so that there are more schools for children to attend.
Jana McKeag says that the casino dollars help Native Americans get degrees
in different subjects such as Accounting, law, medical, engineering, and
Casinos in Oklahoma contribute some of their money to
different charities. They help communities expand, that way more
structures can be built. When any kind of disaster strikes in Oklahoma the
casino’s help the communities by donating money for hotel rooms for the
one’s that end up losing their homes to flooding, tornadoes, and ice storms.
The casinos help the local businesses by purchasing supplies, and other
things needed for the casino from them. They advertise, and have different
kinds of attractions to help bring more tourists to the areas.
They have concerts from country singers, to comedians. They
bring in different entertainment like professional boxers that attract
world-wide television sports stations. They have functions for families to
come to with their kids, such as bike runs that have carnivals, and games for
the kids to play. They have some bike runs that help with the different
charities. Employs at the casinos get good benefits that help them such as
retirement plans, health insurance, and life insurance policies. Most pay for
the employs part of the benefits, but have the employees pay for the
children and spouses part.
Casinos are looked down on by some people. Some people
believe that casinos destroy lives. They believe that gambling is like drugs.
People become very addicted to them. They end up losing anything of value.
Some people get so addicted they end up losing their home, and living on the
streets. People try to live off of the casino by becoming big gamblers that
live off of their winnings. People think that if they go in to the casino with
their money they can try and double it. They take their life savings, grocery
money, bill money, whatever funds that are available to them to gamble.
Casinos are believed to attract alcoholics, because some of
them offer free drinks to those that are gambling. People think that casinos
tend to make people drink more. They have different bars throughout the
casino that people can set at and play the many different types of machines.
People tend to get drunk at the casino, and spend more money on gambling.
Some people look down on the Native American casinos, because they do not
have to pay taxes on their money. People believe that the Native Americans
should have to be taxed on their money just like everyone else is. They
believe that if the casinos can afford to give so much money to their tribal
members than they can also afford to pay taxes.
Casinos are believed to be making it very hard on Native
Americans. According to David Yeagley in his article The Last Indian War?
He states that Casinos are bringing billions of dollars to the Indian tribes.
He also states that he believes that casinos are going to destroy the Indians
tribal status. He believes the Indians are going to end losing their
reservations. According to an article from the website
www.libraryindex.com the critics of tribal gambling claim that tribal casinos
unfairly compete against local hotels, restaurants, and pari-mutuel
operators; hurt state lottery sales; place an increased burden on states to
address problems resulting from pathological gambling; introduce
opportunities for money laundering and organized crime; and hurt the
culture and political stability of the tribes. People think that casinos are so
addictive that people will steal just to have money to go to the casinos and
play. People that are addicted to gambling tend to embezzle hundreds up on
thousands of dollars from their work places if they have access to the
accounts or the money for the company. They will do what it takes to see
how much they can win. Some even believe that they are really just
borrowing the money from the company and they will win more to pay the
company right back. They think if they go that they have a big chance on
winning even if the odds are against them. There are lots of reports of
people stealing money and going to the casino to gamble it. Sometimes in the
Miami News Record Miami, Oklahoma there are reports on people embezzling
money from the casinos themselves. People make statements those casinos
because more drug trafficking in the communities surrounding them. They
believe that people buy drugs to keep them awake so they can stay out all
night playing to hit that one big jackpot.
There are many reasons that gambling is a problem the statistics will show
the advantages and disadvantages of gambling. These statistics are
according to the website www.overcominggambling.com
What is unique about the current gambling situation is the speed at
which it has gone from an undercurrent in American society to high-
profile, socially recognized activity.
The gambling industry has grown tenfold in the U.S. since
Thirty-seven states now have lotteries
15 million people display some sign of gambling addiction
Two-thirds of the adult population placed some kind of bet last
Gambling profits in casinos are more than $30 billion while
lotteries are about 17 billion annually
"Players" with household incomes under $10,000 bet nearly
three times as much on lotteries as those with incomes over
In 1973 state lotteries had $2 billion in sales. By 1997, the
revenues reached $34 billion
Gambling among young people is on the increase: 42 percent
of 14-year-olds, 49 percent of 15-year-olds, 63 percent of 16-
year-olds, 76 percent of 18-year-olds.
There are now approximately 260 casinos on Indian
reservations (in 31 states and with $6.7 billion in revenue)
Internet gambling has nearly doubled every year since 1997 –
in 2001 it exceed $2 billion
The Internet boasts 110 sport-related gambling sites
According to the American Psychological Association the
Internet could be as addictive as alcohol, drugs, and gambling
After casinos opened in Atlantic City, the total number of
crimes within a thirty-mile radius increased 100 percent
The average debt incurred by a male pathological gambler in
the U.S. is between $55,000 and $90,000 (it is $15,000 for
The average rate of divorce for problem gamblers is nearly
double that of non-gamblers
The suicide rate for pathological gamblers is twenty times
higher than for non-gamblers (one in five attempts suicide)
Sixty-five percent of pathological gamblers commit crimes to
support their gambling habit
There are many types of gamblers some are people that can afford to gamble and some
are ones that think that they can gamble to make ends meet. These are names of different
types of gamblers from the website www.overcominggambling.com
Types of Gamblers
Professional: Gambling is his primary source of income; makes his living
Casual Social Gambler: Gambling is one of many forms of entertainment;
Serious Social Gambler: Gambles as a major source of entertainment; plays
regularly at one or more types of gambling, and does so with great absorption
Relief-and-Escape Gambler: Major activity in person's life of equal importance
with family and business; but rest of life goes on without integrity being seriously
impaired; more than a pastime.
Compulsive Gambler: Gambling is only thing in life; ignores family and
business, and often turns to crime to support his/her habit.
Antisocial Personality: Life career is getting money by illegal means; those who
gamble tries to fix gambling games.
So even though casinos have their disadvantages, they do have a
few good advantages. Sometimes the disadvantages may out way the
advantages, but who really can say which out ways which. Having jobs
available that actually pay well with good benefits, or helping children with
their education, that is a very good advantage. Then people drinking a lot,
and gambling can cause a big problem. People spend their life savings,
grocery money, bill money, and clothes money for their kids those are pretty
John P. Froman (2008) Oklahoma Indian Issues. University of Phoenix Library
Jana McKeag (2007) New Leaders, New Challenges. University of Phoenix Library
Justin Juozapavicius (2007-2009) Casinos Boom in Oklahoma Despite Sour Economy.
Native American Times
Library Index (2009) Casinos: The Effect of Native American Tribal Casinos.
David Yeagley (2003) Casinos: The Last Indian War? Front pagemag.com
Sean Harrison (2008) Quapaw’s Open Upscale Resort Hotel and Casino. University of
Alfonso R. Oddo (1997) The Economics and Ethics of casino gambling.
April Spurlock (2004) Gambling Becoming Addiction among Teenagers, Young Adults.