Central Drakensberg Ratepayers’ Association (CDRA)
Cathkin Park Weed and Invader Plant Strategy
Complete eradication of all weeds and invader plants in the valley may take as many generations as it did for them
to spread. Nevertheless, by persisting together as a community, we shall, year by year, reduce their prevalence and
safeguard the biodiversity of both the valley and the adjoining world heritage site. The CDRA will help all
participating landowners to comply with environmental legislation.
We shall achieve our vision by inviting landowners– without compulsion – to join a free community-wide effort to
fulfil our legal obligations in respect of the environment and biodiversity. All participants will be part of and have
access to a programme that will pursue:
Cooperation with Ezemvelo/KZN Wildlife and its officers;
A working relationship with other representative bodies in the valley, such as the Resorts Association;
Education of the valley’s residents, businesses, workers, and visitors, as well as Government at all levels;
A professionally run website that supports and markets our strategy;
All land bought and sold in the valley being subject to an eradication programme;
Effective and visible leadership;
An ongoing surveying, monitoring, and reporting schedule of landowners’ progress in respect of eradication;
The establishment of a non-profit nursery to provide quick-growing grasses and plants for re-vegetation;
The publicizing of the valley’s efforts through television, radio, and other media campaigns; and
The reporting of landowners who fail to report or to eradicate weeds and invader plants.
After completing initial surveys, yearly targets will be set, based on the aggregation of individual plans.
The strategy and the proposed action programme will defend the biodiversity of the valley and the adjoining
Okhahlamba/Drakensberg world heritage site, prevent its long-term deterioration, fend off any eventual collapse of
a fragile and protected ecosystem, and preserve an important legacy to future generations.
The CDRA will, on behalf of landowners who join the programme, report to the relevant government authority the
extent and the severity of the occurrence of weeds and invader plants, summarize the eradication efforts that are
taking place, and inform it of progress on a yearly basis. Those members will then have fulfilled their legal
obligations, for as long as they are part of the programme, they eradicate weeds and invader plants in terms of the
agreed plans, and – where they default on those obligations – they take agreed remedial action. They will be
protected against prosecution.
This strategy covers the Cathkin Park Proclaimed Area and adjoining properties (‘the valley’).
The South African government has passed much new environmental legislation and has begun giving it teeth. In
particular, the National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act (NEMBA) requires landowners who have a
listed invasive species on his or her land:
To notify any relevant competent authority, in writing, of the listed invasive species occurring on that land;
To take steps to control and eradicate the listed invasive species and to prevent it from spreading; and
To take all the required steps to prevent or minimize harm to biodiversity.
A competent authority may, in writing, direct any person who has failed to comply with these requirements or who
has contravened the provisions of NEMBA to take such steps as may be necessary to remedy any harm to
biodiversity caused by the actions of that person or the occurrence of listed invasive species on land of which that
person is the owner. If that person fails to comply with such a directive, a competent authority may implement the
directive and recover all costs reasonably incurred by a competent authority in implementing the directive from
that person or proportionally from that person and any other person who benefited from implementation of the
Central Drakensberg Ratepayers’ Association; Weed and Invader Plant Strategy; Page 2 of 10
During the course of 2007, the valley will have its own environmental inspector, who will be a competent authority
empowered to inspect properties, enforce environmental legislation, and impose fines. To fail to comply with such
legislation or to contravene its requirements is a criminal act. The district conservation officer with responsibility
for the valley has agreed to allow Ezemvelo/KZN Wildlife officers to have oversight of the valley’s compliance
with biodiversity and environmental legislation.
The task of eradicating weeds and invader plants is a daunting one. The work must take place while development
in the valley proceeds apace, pressurizing the valley’s resources, particularly its water, wildlife, and vegetation.
Even if the valley succeeds, the work will not end there; further monitoring and follow-up work will be required,
although this will be considerably easier than the original eradication. This strategy does not propose a completion
date, but year-by-year targets.
Weeds and invader plants do not recognize property boundaries and no one can realistically combat them on his or
her own. The problem – if it is to be properly resolved – calls for a valley-wide, community-based, shared, and
voluntary approach. Criminal charges against landowners are a last resort, but the CDRA will not shrink from it.
The Department of Transport is not exempt from the effort and will be one of the first landowners to be drawn into
If the valley were to continue doing nothing, allowing landowners to tackle the problem as they see fit and as their
consciences dictate, the valley would remain split between those who feel strongly about doing their bit, however
futile, and those who believe that any effort would not only be unnecessarily expensive, but pointless. The gulf
between the valley and Ezemvelo/KZN Wildlife would widen. Credibility on other fronts would be damaged. Any
hope of establishing a conservancy would recede.
Laying criminal charges against offenders and seeking their arrest by the SAPS would alienate ratepayers and
effectively divide the community against itself. It may do much, in the short term, for eradication, but residents
may not continue the monitoring and follow-up work required to keep the problem at bay in the long term.
The strategy focuses on first building community buy-in, empowerment, and ownership of the project, before
embarking on a voluntary effort to eradicate weeds and invader plants. Once the majority of landowners have
joined the scheme and have embarked on an eradication plan – however tentative – the possibility exists of
sourcing Government funding, which could allow a specific focus on high-risk properties.
Recommendations: decisions, timetable, and measurable outcomes
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Cooperation with Ezemvelo/KZN Wildlife and its officers
Ezemvelo/KZN Wildlife (and its partners, such as UNESCO) supports this strategy and is, indeed, willing to train
and lend its staff (particularly the honorary officers, who are themselves residents of the valley) for the important
tasks of surveying and monitoring properties in the valley. It would also assist in the other areas of implementation
listed below. If the programme works well and is sustained for, say, two or three years, it may also be in a position
to source Government funding for parts of the programme and to market the valley’s efforts as a best-practice
model, to be emulated at other sites.
Work with other representative bodies
Immediately upon issuing this strategy to members of the CDRA, we shall embark on a schedule of presentations
to other bodies, especially the Drakensberg Resorts Association, many of whose members have successful
eradication programmes of their own. Apart from informing others and acquiring their support where possible, the
objective will be to seek synergies and cooperation wherever possible. Other parties will be targeted, such as
schools in the area, garden clubs, farmers, and the like, but particular efforts will be made to present the strategy to
the municipality and the Department of Transport to acquire their cooperation.
There are many in the valley with expertise and experience, and they will be provided a forum in which to share
these with others. However, education efforts must be vetted and scrutinized by people unconnected with the
valley, with the following advantages.
Central Drakensberg Ratepayers’ Association; Weed and Invader Plant Strategy; Page 3 of 10
An external and objective observer, while leading education and information-giving meetings, will resolve
disputes between in-valley experts and conflicting opinions without discouraging healthy debate.
Impartiality will go some way to convincing other external parties (UNESCO, Ezemvelo/KZN Wildlife,
NGOs, government bodies, funding agencies, and others) of the authenticity of the valley’s efforts.
With the above in mind, the following efforts will be made.
A twice-yearly workshop when the valley is full with landowners and tourists (March/April and December).
Until a permanent venue can be established, it will be hosted by one of the valley’s large conference centres.
Ezemvelo/KZN Wildlife will arrange for an academic specialist in weeds and invader plants to lead these
Non-rate-paying residents (especially those employed in eradication) and tourists will be invited to the
The workshops will cover:
Follow-up work; and
The CDRA’s strategy.
We shall set up a website, to be owned and managed by the CDRA. It will be available for other environmental
issues (waste disposal, noise, water quality, etc.), as well as other, broader valley topics (newsletter, road
maintenance, land claims, etc.). The weed and invader plant section will contain the following:
The CDRA’s strategy;
Details of the surveys and the maps outlined above (each landowner will have access to the survey results of
his or her neighbours’ properties, from the point of view of both friendly rivalry and valley cohesion in
implementing eradication programmes);
Notices and summaries of workshops;
Pictures to help identify weeds and invader plants;
Tips and instructions for the eradication of these plants; and
E-mail addresses of useful contacts, particularly those at Ezemvelo/KZN Wildlife and in academia who may
become involved in the valley’s efforts from time to time (such as the leaders of the workshops).
Property sales and purchases
It is against the law to sell or buy a property that does not comply with environmental legislation, including that
pertaining to weeds and invader plants. However – such is the extent of the problem – to enforce this strictly to the
letter of the law may be not only impracticable, but counter-productive. Rather, estate agents dealing with property
in the valley will agree not to sell or buy any property unless:
The seller of the property has signed and agreed to an eradication programme in terms of this scheme and is
up to date with his or her commitments in this regard; and
The buyer agrees to continue with this programme, joining the scheme immediately upon transfer.
Those estate agents who are reluctant to agree to these conditions will be reminded that they will be undermining
the community’s efforts and sensitivity in this regard and that their illegal, unethical, and inconsiderate dealings
will be publicized (see below). They – as well as private sellers of land who decline to adhere to these conditions –
will be referred by the CDRA to a competent authority (such as the SAPS), who will lay criminal charges.
There is no question that members of the CDRA committee will lead by example. They will be first to agree to a
survey of their properties, to commit to a programme of eradication, and to adhere to the scheme as laid out in this
Surveying, monitoring, and reporting
Ezemvelo/KZN Wildlife will train and make available its officers and honorary officers to conduct a survey of
each property in the valley. Under the authority of both the environmental inspector and the CDRA, the survey will
detail the severity of the problem on each property, as well as plot both the range of weeds/invader plants and their
types. In addition, the officers will agree a plan of action with each landowner, with deadlines. The deadlines need
Central Drakensberg Ratepayers’ Association; Weed and Invader Plant Strategy; Page 4 of 10
not be onerous, but each landowner will nevertheless have to commit him- or herself to meet them, sign for them,
and agree to an annual follow-up check on progress. If any landowner neglects to keep to his or her agreed
eradication plan and fails to agree to remedial action proposed by the authorized officers, he or she will be expelled
from the programme and reported to the environmental inspector.
After completion of the survey, which will take until the end of 2009, follow-up surveys will be held each year. In
addition, two maps will be drawn up and made available to all participating landowners on the valley’s website
A colour-coded map of the Cathkin Park showing the severity of the problem on each property.
A colour-coded map showing the timescale of each property’s planned eradication programme.
Clearly, even after all eradication programmes have been completed, there will be a need to continue monitoring
and clearing weeds and invader plants as they arise. The annual survey of each property will thus be an ongoing
and unending process – it will be a way of life in the valley.
The eventual establishment of a nursery will be helpful. It will be a non-profit site providing indigenous plants at a
nominal charge to those landowners who have signed up and committed themselves to an eradication programme.
The range of plants need not be wide and it will limit itself to a few quick-growing, pioneer plants, such as
sagewood, tree fuchsia, and waxberry, as well as indigenous grasses and seeds. It is important that landowners who
eradicate weeds and invader plants replace them, rather than leaving the land to recover unaided or allowing
erosion to take place. An existing site may be considered, such as nurseries already being run by developments in
the valley. Alternatively, a new site could be identified. The cost of the site will not be high and will be run
voluntarily as far as possible. Indeed, some members of the valley have indicated their willingness to form a club-
like initiative that will grow seedlings and provide a central repository of bagged plants. It could also be combined
with an existing or proposed commercial operation. Residents will be canvassed for their help in realizing this
objective and for expressions of interest.
In addition, if space allows, an information centre will be established, showing pictures of weeds, invader plants,
and indigenous plants; maps of the area and plans for eradication; a history of the valley’s flora; and an
explanation of the importance of maintaining the valley’s environmental integrity. Tourists who visit the centre
will be invited to make a donation to the nursery’s and the centre’s efforts.
Marketing and publicity
A SABC television producer has agreed to produce a programme on the valley’s efforts in terms of this strategy,
once the community has made reasonable headway. The Carte Blanche programme may also be persuaded to
publicize the valley’s efforts. Other initiatives, including the website, advertising hoardings at the entrance to the
valley, and the information centre referred to above, will be considered.
Report offenders and defaulters
The CDRA reserves the right, as a last resort, to report any landowner who has weeds and invader plants on his or
her property, is making no discernable or coherent effort to eradicate them, and has either not joined the valley’s
programme or defaulted on his or her obligations in respect of that programme.
The CDRA, in implementing this strategy, will assume landowners’ legal responsibility for reporting the extent
and severity of invasive species to a ‘competent authority’ (an appropriate organ of state), and assuring the
competent authority, on its members’ behalf, that steps are being taken to eradicate them and to prevent them from
spreading. In this way, landowners who are part of the valley’s voluntary and community-wide eradication
programme will be immune from prosecution, as long as they remain part of the programme, adhere to its
objectives, and keep up with the plans agreed with the valley’s environmental inspector and officers.
Central Drakensberg Ratepayers’ Association; Weed and Invader Plant Strategy; Page 5 of 10
The Legal Framework
Not only has the South African government passed a slew of new environmental legislation over the last few
years, it has also embarked on a process that will give teeth to these new laws. During the course of 2007, it is
likely that the valley will have its own environmental inspector, who will be empowered to inspect properties
and enforce environmental legislation, including the imposition of fines for offenders who fail to comply.
Several species have been identified as weeds or invader plants:
Category 1 plants, which are weeds and serve no useful economic purpose and possess characteristics
that are harmful to humans, animals, or the environment;
Category 2 plants, which are plants that are useful for commercial plant production purposes, but are
proven plant invaders under uncontrolled conditions outside demarcated areas; and
Category 3 plants, which are mainly used for ornamental purposes in demarcated areas, but are proven
plant invaders under uncontrolled conditions outside demarcated areas.
As far as the valley is concerned, the following weeds and invader plants are of particular interest (a complete
list is given as an appendix to this document):
Botanical name Common name Category Comments
Lantana camara Lantana and any derivatives 1 This category is
Nerium oleander Oleander 1 straightforward: do not
Rubus cuneifolius American bramble 1 grow them and eradicate
Solanum mauritianum Bug weed 1 those that exist.
Acacia mearnsii Black wattle 2 To all intents, these must be
Eucalyptus camaldulensis Red river gum 2 treated as Category 1 plants
Eucalyptus cladocalyx Sugar gum 2 (i.e. do not grow them and
Eucalyptus grandis Saligna gum/Rose gum 2 eradicate them), unless the
Eucalyptus paniculata Grey iron bark 2 landowner has:
Eucalyptus sideroxylon Black iron bark/Red iron bark 2 • surveyed the demarcated
Hypericum perforatum St John’s Wort/Tipton weed 2 area and sent the data to
Pinus elliotti Slash pine 2 DWAF;
Pinus patula Patula pine 2 • registered the
Pinus pinaster Cluster pine 2 demarcated area with
Pinus radiate Radiata pine 2 DWAF and received its
Pinus taeda Loblolly pine 2 approval;
Populus deltoids Match poplar 2 • prevented any category 2
Rubus fruticosus European blackberry 2 and 3 plants growing
Cotoneaster franchetii Cotoneaster 3 outside the demarcated
Cotoneaster pannosus Silver-leaf cotoneaster 3 area; and
Eucalyptus lehmannii Spider gum 3 • even when registered
Jacaranda mimosifolia Jacaranda 3 with DWAF, not allowed
Melia azedarach Syringa 3 the plants in red text closer
Metrosideros excelsa New Zealand bottlebrush 3 than 30 metres from the
Pinus halepensis Aleppo pine 3 outside boundaries of the
Populus alba White poplar 3 flood areas of perennial
Populus x canescens Grey poplar 3 watercourses and wetlands.
Salix babylonica Weeping willow 3
In more detail, the following rules apply to Category 1 plants:
They shall not occur on any land or on any inland water surface.
Such plants shall be eradicated.
No person shall
sell, offer, advertise, keep, exhibit, import, export, transmit, send, convey or deliver for sale, or
exchange for anything or dispose of to any person in any manner for a consideration, any weed; or
in any other manner whatsoever disperse, cause or permit the dispersal of any weed, seed, or other
propagating material of weed from any place in the Republic to any other place in the Republic or
from any other country to the Republic or from the Republic to any other country.
If any weed, seed of weed, or any propagating material of weed adheres to a boat after use on a water
surface or to an animal driven on a public road, conveyed in a vehicle, or offered for sale at a livestock
auction, the adhering material must be promptly removed from that boat, vehicle, or animal.
Such removed material shall be destroyed in a manner that will ensure that it will not be able to
Central Drakensberg Ratepayers’ Association; Weed and Invader Plant Strategy; Page 6 of 10
The authorities may in addition issue specific directives applicable in specific areas to prevent the
spreading of weeds by the movement of infested vehicles and livestock.
To category 2 and 3 plants, the following rules apply:
These may occur or may be established on any area demarcated for that purpose provided that:
plantings thereof are confined to such demarcated areas;
controlled conditions of cultivation and care prevail in the demarcated areas;
plants or products derived from the plants primarily serve beneficial purposes, including uses for
own consumption, aesthetic value, ornamentation, building material, animal fodder, and fuel; and
precautionary measures to reduce the spreading of seed or any other propagating material to land
outside the demarcated areas are implemented.
If category 2 and 3 plants occur in any area outside these demarcated areas, such plants shall be dealt
with as if they were Category 1 plants.
The seed or any other propagating material of Category 2 plants may be imported and may be used in
trading, subject to the provisions of the Plant Improvement Act, 1976 (Act No. 53 of 1976), the
Agricultural Pests Act, 1983 (Act No. 36 of 1983), and the regulations in terms of the Environment
Conservation Act, 1989 (Act No. 73 of 1989) as published by Government Notice No.R.1182 of 5
The seed or any other propagating material of Category 3 plants shall not be traded, imported, or used to
establish new plantings at any place by any person.
If plants specified as category 2 and 3 plants occur on any land or water surface outside demarcated
areas, the land user shall control those plants.
The authorities may, in consultation with the land user, define and declare specific areas where the
control and, if necessary, the eradication of category 2 and 3 plants within demarcated areas are
mandatory to protect surrounding areas against invasion.
No land user shall
regard an area occurring on a land unit as a demarcated area if it does not conform to the definition
of a demarcated area; or
allow plant species specified to occur within and closer than 30 metres from the outside boundaries
of the flood areas of perennial watercourses and wetlands.
So-called ‘wood lots’ are not allowed unless the area has been demarcated and registered with DWAF. Even
those commercial operations that grow pine and eucalyptus may not allow bug weed, for example, to grow in
their demarcated areas.
It is also against the law to buy or sell property that does not conform in respect of weeds and invader plants
(i.e. they must not exist on the property being sold, unless a demarcated area has been registered with and
approved by DWAF, and no weeds or invader plants grow outside this demarcated area).
In addition to the weeds and invader plants listed above, there are rules in respect of ‘bush encroachment’,
which cover the overgrowth of indigenous plants. For the purposes of this document, it is assumed that, for
the time being, this is of little concern in the valley.
There exists the option of adding to the list of banned plants, even if they may be indigenous to other parts of
KwaZulu-Natal or South Africa, on the basis of their invasiveness in the Drakensberg’s specific ecology.
With the assistance of the valley’s appointed environmental inspector and in consultation with the valley’s
landowners, such plants can be identified and added to the list of scheduled plants for the valley.
Central Drakensberg Ratepayers’ Association; Weed and Invader Plant Strategy; Page 7 of 10
Appendix: full list of scheduled weeds and invader plants
Botanical name Common name Category
Acacia implexa Screw-pod wattle 1
Acacia longifolia Long-leaved wattle 1
Acacia paradoxa Kangaroo wattle 1
Acacia pycnantha Golden wattle 1
Acacia saligna Port Jackson willow 1
Alhagi maurorum Camel thorn bush 1
Anredera cordifolia Madeira vine, Bridal wreath 1
Araujia sericifera Moth catcher 1
Argemone ochroleuca White-flowered Mexican poppy 1
Azolla filiculoides Azolla, Red water fern 1
Caesalpinia decapetala Mauritius thorn 1
Campuloclinium macrocephalum 1
Cardaria draba Pepper-cress, Hoary cardaria, White top 1
Cardiospermum grandiflorum Balloon vine 1
Cereus jamacaru Queen of the night 1
Cestrum aurantiacum Yellow or Orange cestrum 1
Cestrum laevigatum Inkberry 1
Cestrum parqui Chilean cestrum 1
Chromolaena odorata Triffid weed, Chromolaena 1
Cirsium vulgare Scotch thistle, Spear thistle 1
Convolvulus arvensis Field bindweed, Wild morning glory 1
Cortaderia jubata Pampas grass 1
Cortaderia selloana Pampas grass 1
Cuscuta campestris Common dodder 1
Cuscuta suaveolens Lucerne dodder 1
Cytisus monspessulanus Montpellier broom 1
Datura ferox Large thorn apple 1
Datura innoxia Downy thorn apple 1
Datura stramonium Common thorn apple 1
Echinopsis spachiana Torch cactus 1
Echium plantagineum Patterson’s curse 1
Echium vulgare Blue echium 1
Egeria densa Ditch moss, Water thyme 1
Eichhornia crassipes Water Hyacinth 1
Elodea canadensis Canadian water weed 1
Hakea drupacea Sweet hakea 1
Hakea gibbosa Rock hakea 1
Hakea sericea Silky hakea 1
Harrisia martinii Moon cactus, Harrisia cactus 1
Lantana camara, and any entity which has partly Lantana, Tickberry 1
or wholly been derived from the Lantana
camara complex by means of hybridization or
Central Drakensberg Ratepayers’ Association; Weed and Invader Plant Strategy; Page 8 of 10
Botanical name Common name Category
selection under natural or artificial conditions
Leptospermum laevigatum Australian myrtle 1
Litsea glutinosa Indian laurel 1
Lythrum salicaria Purple loosestrife 1
Macfadyena unguis-cati Cat’s claw creeper 1
Mimosa pigra Giant sensitive plant 1
Myriophyllum aquaticum Parrot’s feather 1
Myriophyllum spicatum Spiked water-milfoil 1
Nassella tenuissima White tussock 1
Nassella trichotoma Nassella tussock 1
Nerium oleander Oleander 1
Nicotiana glauca Wild tobacco 1
Opuntia aurantiaca Jointed cactus 1
Opuntia exaltata Long spine cactus 1
Opuntia ficus-indica Mission prickly pear, Sweet prickly pear 1
Opuntia humifusa Large-flowered prickly pear, Creeping prickly pear 1
Opuntia imbricata Imbricate cactus, Imbricate prickly pear 1
Opuntia lindheimeri Small round-leaved prickly pear 1
Opuntia monacantha Cochineal prickly pear, Drooping prickly pear 1
Opuntia rosea Rosea cactus 1
Opuntia spinulifera Saucepan cactus, Large round-leaved prickly pear 1
Opuntia stricta Pest pear of Australia 1
Orobanche minor Lesser broomrape, Clover broomrape 1
Paraserianthes lophantha Australian Albizia, Stink bean 1
Parthenium hysterophorus Parthenium 1
Passiflora coerulea Blue passion flower 1
Pennisetum setaceum Fountain grass 1
Pennisetum villosum Feathertop 1
Pereskia aculeata Barbados gooseberry 1
Pistia stratiotes Water lettuce 1
Pittosporum undulatum Australian cheesewood, Sweet pittospormum 1
Pueraria lobata Kudzu vine 1
Rubus cuneifolius American bramble 1
Salix fragilis Crack or brittle willow 1
Salvinia molesta Kariba weed 1
Sesbania punicea Red sesbania 1
Solanum elaeagnifolium Silver-leaf bitter apple 1
Solanum mauritianum Bugweed 1
Solanum seaforthianum Potato creeper 1
Solanum sisymbrifolium Wild tomato, Dense-thorned bitter apple 1
Spartium junceum Spanish broom 1
Tecoma stans Yellow bells 1
Central Drakensberg Ratepayers’ Association; Weed and Invader Plant Strategy; Page 9 of 10
Botanical name Common name Category
Tithonia diversifolia Mexican sunflower 1
Tithonia rotundifolia Red sunflower 1
Ulex europaeus European gorse 1
Xanthium spinosum Spiny cocklebur 1
Xanthium strumarium Large cocklebur 1
Acacia cyclops Red eye 2
Acacia dealbata Silver wattle 2
Acacia decurrens Green wattle 2
Acacia mearnsii Black wattle 2
Acacia melanoxylon Australian blackwood 2
Agave sisalana Sisal hemp, Sisal 2
Atriplex nummularia Old man saltbush 2
Cannabis sativa Hemp only, not dagga 2
Casuarina cunninghamiana Beefwood 2
Casuarina equisetifolia Horsetail tree 2
Eucalyptus camaldulensis Red river gum 2
Eucalyptus cladocalyx Sugar gum 2
Eucalyptus grandis Saligna gum, Rose gum 2
Eucalyptus paniculata Grey ironbark 2
Eucalyptus sideroxylon Black ironbark, Red ironbark 2
Gleditsia triacanthos Honey locust, Sweet locust 2
Hypericum perforatum St John’s wort, Tipton weed 2
Leucaena leucocephala Leucaena 2
Myoporum tenuifolium Manatoka 2
Passiflora edulis Purple granadilla, Passion fruit 2
Pinus elliotti Slash pine 2
Pinus patula Patula pine 2
Pinus pinaster Cluster pine 2
Pinus radiata Radiata pine 2
Pinus taeda Loblolly pine 2
Populus deltoides Match poplar 2
Prosopis glandulosa Honey mesquite 2
Prosopis velutina Velvet mesquite 2
Psidium guajava Guava 2
Ricinus communis Castor-oil plant 2
Rubus fruticosus European blackberry 2
Acacia baileyana Bailey’s wattle 3
Acacia elata Pepper tree wattle 3
Acacia podalyriifolia Pearl acacia 3
Arundo donax Giant reed, Spanish reed 3
Atriplex lindleyi Sponge-fruit saltbush 3
Cotoneaster franchetii Cotoneaster 3
Central Drakensberg Ratepayers’ Association; Weed and Invader Plant Strategy; Page 10 of 10
Botanical name Common name Category
Cotoneaster pannosus Silver-leaf cotoneaster 3
Eucalyptus lehmannii Spider gum 3
Ipomoea indica Morning glory 3
Ipomoea purpurea Morning glory 3
Jacaranda mimosifolia Jacaranda 3
Ligustrum japonicum Japanese wax-leaved privet 3
Ligustrum lucidum Chinese wax-leaved privet 3
Ligustrum ovalifolium Californian privet 3
Ligustrum sinense Chinese privet 3
Ligustrum vulgare Common privet 3
Melia azedarach ‘Syringa’, Persian lilac 3
Metrosideros excelsa New Zealand bottlebrush 3
Morus alba White mulberry, Common mulberry 3
Pinus halepensis Aleppo pine 3
Pontederia cordata Pickerel weed 3
Populus alba White poplar 3
Populus x canescens Grey poplar 3
Psidium guineense Brazilian guava 3
Psidium littorale Strawberry guava 3
Pyracantha angustifolia Yellow firethorn 3
Pyracantha crenulata Himalayan firethorn 3
Robinia pseudoacacia Black locust 3
Rorippa nasturtium- aquaticum Watercress 3
Rosa rubiginosa Eglantine, Sweetbriar 3
Salix babylonica Weeping willow 3
Schinus terebinthifolius Brazilian pepper tree 3
Tamarix ramosissima Pink tamarisk 3
Tamarix chinenis Chinese tamarisk 3
Tipuana tipa Tipu tree 3
Toona ciliata Toon tree 3