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METHADONE

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METHADONE Powered By Docstoc
					OPIATES



  Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs

           CHAPTER 10
Poppy Plant
OPIUM

 Narcotic Analgesic
 Pain Reliever
 Cough Suppressant
 Anti-diarrhea
MORPHINE
The major active chemical in Opium
10 times more potent than crude
Opium
Developed in 1803 by F.W. Serturner
Named after Morpheus-Greek God of
Dreams
May remain in the system for 2-4 days.
HERION
 1874 Alder Wright altered a compound
 of Morphine creating Heroin.
 Twice as addictive as morphine.
 Most Heroin is produced in Southeast
 Asia.
 US may have as much as 900,000
 addicts.
 Designer Heroin is now being produced
 which may be more deadly.
         What is Heroin?

Heroin is an illegal, highly addictive drug. It is
both the most abused and the most rapidly
acting of the opiates. It is typically sold as a
white or brownish powder or as the black sticky
substance known on the streets as "black tar
heroin."

Heroin is processed from morphine
OxyContin
What is OxyContin?
OxyContin is the brand name for an opioid
analgesic containing the active ingredient
oxycodone (also found in Percocet and
Percodan). OxyContin is a legal narcotic that
is available, by prescription, to treat severe
pain. OxyContin is a controlled-release
medication that, when used correctly, provides
extended relief of pain associated with cancer,
back pain, or arthritis.
Doses
Risk

     The most serious risk
 associated with OxyContin, is
    respiratory depression.
RAPP - Relatives Against
   Purdue Pharma




 The purpose of this site is to bring
  awareness on how easy it is to
overdose Oxycontin(Oxy's) it's other
ABUSE dangers and the dangers of
     Prescription Drug Abuse.
METHADONE
Methadone is primarily used today for the
treatment of narcotic addiction. The effects of
methadone last longer than those of morphine-
based drugs. Methadone's effects can last up
to 24 hours, thereby permitting administration
only once a day in heroin detoxification and
maintenance programs.
Is methadone more likely to kill you than
heroin?

  Dr Russell Newcombe concluded that
  methadone programs as a form of
  harm-reduction possibly cause more
  victims than they prevent.

    'one's methadone maintenance dose
            is another's poison'
Heroin versus Methadone
  When methadone treatment originated it
  was to be a 20 day process to help
  ease the pain of withdrawal from opiate
  addiction. Today methadone treatment
  facilities are run based on their financial
  success. They base their success on
  profit from their customers.
What are the symptoms of
methadone overdose?
  muscle spasticity
  difficulty breathing
  slow, shallow and labored breathing
  stopped breathing (fatal within 2-4 hours)
  pinpoint pupils
  bluish skin and fingernails and lips
  spasms of the stomach and intestinal tract
  constipation
  weak pulse
  low blood pressure
  drowsiness and disorientation
Heroin vs Methadone


                          Heroin          Methadone
Route of administration   intravenous     oral
Onset of action           immediate       30 minutes
Duration of action        3–6 hrs         24–36 hrs
Euphoria                  first 1–2 hrs   none
Withdrawal symptoms       after 3–4 hrs   after 24 hrs