Deconstruction and Salvage Costs

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					Salvage: It’s like destroying
       Only a lot gentler

                      Blake Rainville
                      Thomas Pinello
                      Eammon Coughlin
                      Peter Connelly
 What is Construction and Demolition Debris (C&D)?

• Debris produced during:   • Includes:
• New Construction          • Bricks, concrete, masonry,
• Renovation                  paving material
• Demolition                • Soil, rocks, fill
                            • Lumber, shingles, glass,
                            • Steel, drywall, insulation
                            • Electrical material, plumbing
                            • Vinyl siding, corrugated
                              cardboard and tree stumps
              Costs and Statistics

• In 1996, the U.S. produced an estimated 136 million tons
  of C & D debris
   – 48% (65 million tons / year) from demolition
   – 44% (60 million tons / year) from renovation
   – 8% (11 million tons / year) from construction
• 3500 facilities in the U.S. that process C&D materials
• Metals are most easily recyclable, steel recycling rate is
  about 85% (18.2 million tons out of 21.4 tons recovered)
Cost Comparison Case Study – Riverdale
Village Housing Development, Maryland
• Deconstruction of 2,000 sq. ft. homes
• Estimated Demolition Costs averaged $3.50 –
  5.00 per square foot (total cost $7,000 –
• Final deconstruction cost $13,500
• Sale of salvaged materials was estimated to
  offset final deconstruction costs by $3,000 to
• Final Cost of Deconstruction $9,000 – 11,000
• 192 cubic yards of material was diverted
  from disposal
Advantages and Disadvantages of C&D Recycling

• Produces less waste            • More costly than
• Reduces need for new             demolition
  materials                      • Requires more skilled
• Creates business and             labor to process materials
  jobs                           • More time required
• Recovered Materials can
  be donated to charities,
  resulting in a tax write off
 The Deconstruction and
Building Salvage Industry
• The building salvage and deconstruction
  industry is growing rapidly
• Demand for salvaged / antique materials is
• Demand fueled by increased cost of
  conventional and newly produced building
• Can create a closed-loop, sustainable
  local system
   Wood and Lumber Salvage
• Elmwood Reclaimed Timber - Kansas
  City, Mo.
  – Deconstruct and convert reclaimed
    lumber and masonry into fine home
  – Also wholesale entire wooden structures
    like barns and old industrial buildings
          Masonry Salvage
• Red Mountain Used Brick
  – Based out of Katonah, New York
  – Wholesaler of used brick, masonry, veneer
    and pavers

• Independence Antique Brick Company
  – Based out of Dillsburg, PA
  – Markets antique brick for restorations
  Building Material Salvage In

                      Recycle North
– Non profit organization that deals with community
  development and deconstruction
   • Deconstruct and sell used material
      – Lumber, doors, appliances, windows, etc
   • Poverty Relief
      – Donates about $50,000 in appliances and household goods
   • Job Training
      – Trains people in one of five technical areas
          » Computer systems, appliances repair, customer
            service and retail, electronics and business

          This slide was not endorsed by the Bush Administration
• C&D deconstruction and salvage has the
  potential to decrease environmental
  degradation and reduce our ecological
• Many industries process and market all
  types of salvage and the industry is
• Deconstruction and salvage has the
  potential to help communities

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