Philippines Clean Cities project

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					                                The Philippine Clean Cities Project:
                      Promoting Waste Minimization Through Local Governme nt
                                           Burton Hamner1 and Anthony SF Chiu2

    Keywords : Cleaner Production, Public Private Partnership, Local Government Unit, Multi-sector


The Pacific Northwest Economic Region (PNWER) has partnered with the League of Cities of the
Philippines (LCP) to demonstrate that local governments can successfully reduce resource use and
waste generation in their own operations and in businesses and communities by applying the prin-
ciples of Cleaner Production. The project design has proven to be remarkably cost-effective and
should serve as a model for other municipal associations concerned about sustainable resource use
and waste management.



Solid waste management has long been a major concern for cities around the world. In some re-
gions, the available disposal facilities have reached their capacity and local governments are faced
with difficult decisions. The City of Seattle was faced with closure of its major landfill and a se-
rious need to control waste volumes. The City responded by aggressively promoting waste separa-
tion and recycling by residents and businesses. This generated large quantities of recovered mate-
rials. However, this was not matched by an increase in the processing technologies and markets for
these materials and the City quickly found itself with stockpiles of paper, plastics, and other mate-
rials for which no commercially feasible processing technologies or markets e xisted.

Realizing that other cities in the state would soon face similar problems, in 1988 the Clean Was h-
ington Center (CWC) was established. Over the next ten years, the CWC became a national Recy-
cling Center of Excellence and produced over 300 technical reports on recycling technologies and
market development. From 1997 onward, the CWC’s remaining projects and its knowledge base
were merged into the Pacific Northwest Economic Region.

In 1998, PNWER received a grant from the US-Asia Environmental Partnership (US-AEP) to bring
the CWC’s recycling expertise to the Philippines. PNWER found that the private sector was rela-
tively uninterested in recycling technologies, because they have relatively low costs for waste dis-
posal and little governmental incentive to pursue recycling. However PNWER made co ntacts with
the League of Cities of the Philippines (LCP) and found great interest in recycling and waste mini-
mization. The LCP represents over 100 cities in the Philippines, including almost all the largest
cities and provincial capitals.

    Lead author. President,
    Consultant, CDG EM CBP Project. ac@t

Solid Waste Management Challenges in the Philippine Cities

Solid waste management is a major cost for Philippine cities. The mayors who met with PNWER
estimated that they spend between 10 and 20 percent of their budgets on waste ma nagement. This
estimate is supported by sources such as the World Bank, which estimates that the urban areas of
Asia now spend about US$25 billion on solid waste management per year; this figure will increase
to about US$47 billion in 2025. [1]

Cities in developing countries typically produce about 0.5 – 1 kg. of solid waste per day per capita.
Management costs for collection, transfer and disposal range between $20 and $60 per ton, with
collection being about 70% of the total costs. Using the low-end estimates of these ranges (0.5
kg/day @ $20/ton), a city of 100,000 people might expect to spend about $365,000 per year on so l-
id waste management. However this is no doubt an underestimate since it multiplies two low-end
values and also does not include the cost of acquiring land for disposal, which is both expe nsive
and highly political due to local community resistance to new garbage dumps. It may be more rea-
listic to estimate that solid waste management costs cities in developing countries about $5 per ca-
pita per year. Thus a city of a million people would spend at least several million dollars per year
on solid waste management, even allowing for some economies of scale. This corresponds to find-
ings by the World Bank and other agencies. While some cities are able to recover some of the
costs through waste fees, a large portion of the population in cities in developing countries are
slum-dwellers who cannot be charged for waste collection. Even with some cost recovery, solid
waste management costs cities a very large amount of money. And unlike municipal costs for ed u-
cation and infrastructure, costs for waste management do not have a tangible return on investment.

In the Philippines, PNWER found that the mayors who are the members of the LCP are extremely
aware and concerned about these facts. The politics of waste management are also a major concern
because many landfills are reaching capacity, and the mayors must negotiate, often at peril to their
elected positions, with neighboring communities for new landfill sites. Thus the LCP members
were very interested in any solutions that could reduce the vo lume of waste being generated by
their cities.

Fortunately, the Philippines has seen some notable successes with waste minimization. The US
Agency for International Development, the World Bank, and other donors have sponsored large
and small projects to demonstrate the concepts of Cleaner Production (CP) to industry and govern-
ment. CP is the term used by the United Nations around the world for practices that prevent pollu-
tion at the source through increased efficiency, product changes and better management methods.
In the Philippines and elsewhere, thousands of companies have found that they can reduce water
and energy use and waste generation, typically by 20-30%, with little or no capital investment, by
applying CP methods.

PNWER and the LCP therefore organized a training program on CP for LCP member cities. It was
conducted by a prominent CP expert and included concepts such as process analysis, cost of waste
measurement and environmental accounting, the CP hiera rchy of waste solutions (source reduction,
waste reduction, recycling and finally disposal), green teams, and more. A dozen cities sent senior
representatives to the two-day training event in Manila. This was the first time these representa-

tives had learned of CP and its potential for reducing municipal waste management costs and the
training was eagerly received.

The Clean Cities Project

Following the training program, the city representatives and the LCP secretariat decided to init iate
a program with PNWER to promote CP to member cities. The Clean Cities project was established
to help a group of pilot cities learn about and implement CP practices with the objective of reduc-
ing waste management costs, improving efficiency and productivity, and creating social benefits
from having cleaner and greener cities. Twelve cities decided to participate in the pilot project.

         City Name              Population
 1. Angeles City                  300,000
 2. Antipolo                     1,300,000
 3. Bais                           68,000
 4. Dagupan                       130,000
 5. Iloilo                        363,000
 6. La Carlota                     56,000
 7. Mandaue                       300,000
 8. Naga City                     130,000
 9. Island Garden City of          83,000
 10. San Fernando                 102,000
 11. Tagaytay                      32,000
 12. Toledo                       130,000

The importance of Cleaner Production to the cities can be estimated using the World Bank parame-
ters described above. With about 3 million people in the twelve cities, the cost of solid waste ma n-
agement to the cities can be conservatively estimated as follows:

3,000,000 people
x 0.5 kg solid waste/day/per capita
= 1500 tons per day, or 547, 500 tons per year
= $10,950,000 per year @ $20/ton

Following the experience of Cleaner Production world wide, it is quite reasonable to expect that
solid waste volumes could be reduced by at least 10% by promoting and implementing CP me-
thods, not including new investment. Such a reduction could well save the twelve participating c i-
ties over a million dollars per year in total, counting only the avoided waste management costs.
Since CP is based on improving efficiency and productivity, there would also be revenue gains
from increased profitability and tax collection in the cities, and political benefits from this positive
and non-regulatory approach.

Clean Cities Project Structure

PNWER provided additional training to the city representatives in group workshops. However it
was apparent to all that they would need to have additional training in their own cities. To meet
this need, PNWER and LCP developed a novel approach that has proved to be very cost-effective.
With funding from USAID via PNWER, the LCP hired two experienced city mana gers from two of
the participating cities. They were hired on six- month contracts and paid the equivalent of their
city salaries. Effectively, the cities loaned their staff to the project at cost. The sponsoring mayors
supported this largely because they realized that, at the end of the project, their returning staff
would be experts in CP for cities and would become assets in their own communities. This enabled
the project to be staffed at a very low cost compared to other development projects staffed by pro-
fessional consultants hired at market rates.

To assist the cities, the two trainers were assigned to northern and southern regions of the country.
They each traveled to six cities on a circuit, returning every few months to conduct another work-
shop and help the city progress. This “circuit rider” concept has been very effective at maintaining
the momentum of the project and for helping the cities learn from each other. The cost of in-
country travel was covered by the PNWER funds and in fact amounted to about half of the funding.
The trainers quickly became familiar with the challe nges and opportunities faced by the cities and
were able to identify and share common solutions.

An important development was the decision of the participating cities to practice Cleaner Produc-
tion concepts on themselves, before promoting CP to local companies and communities. They
agreed to initiate CP projects at their City Halls, focusing on water and energy conservation, paper
minimization, waste segregation, composting of food waste and other topics. They also recognized
the importance of the city as a purchaser of goods and services. In many of the cities, the local
government is the largest individual buyer of goods and services. As such it has potential to create
market demand for improved environmental performance, which will thereby stimulate an entre-
preneurial response from companies eager to do business with the city.

To further encourage the city representatives, PNWER organized an international Workshop on
Pollution Prevention for Sustainable Cities, held in Seattle, Washington in May 2001. This work-
shop was attended by a dozen Philippine project representatives and also by another 30 participants
from 7 other countries. They heard from local experts and program staff about successful methods
for recycling and conservation and had many opportunities to see effective projects in action. The
participants reported that it was very helpful for them to see the kinds of results that they could
eventually expect and they were highly motivated to emulate the successes in their own cities.

Project Results to Date

The appendix contains the fact sheets showing summary results from each city. In all of them the
CP projects at City Hall resulted in measurable savings in water, energy, paper use and waste ge n-
eration. For example in more details, the Tagaytay City Hall reduced its daily solid waste volume
by 25% by relatively simple methods of waste separation. In Iloilo City, the number of daily bags
of garbage from City Hall was reduced from eleven to two. In Dagupan City the procurement of
office supplies was reduced by 30% over a 4-month period, thus saving on purchasing costs. Their

water and electric bills were reduced from 10 – 15%. Naga City reduced office supply purchases
by 10% and saved millions of pesos per year by reducing air conditioning by two hours every day
throughout all government offices by simply turning it on later in the morning, turning it off at
lunch, and turning off earlier in the evening.

                      La Carlota: TOTAL solid waste 37%, = 15
                      Tagatay City Hall: Solid waste 25%
                      Iloilo City Hall: Solid waste 88%
                      Bais City Hall: Water 10%, electricity 15%,
                       solid waste 20%
                      Dagupan: Office procurement 30%; water and
                       energy 10-15%
                      Antipolo City Hall: Electricity 10%

                      Bais City: Involved five neighborhoods and 300
                      Dagupan City: CP Project includes reps from 28
                       out of 31 neighborhoods
                      Iloilo: Involved 160 out of 180 neighborhoods in
                       42 km2 area
                      EVERY city CP program is led by the Mayor
                      Project Budget: 13 Cities, 2 full time trainers:
                       $30k/year! $15k just for travel.

These quick and obvious results have helped the Mayors to embrace CP prac tices and endorse the
project. In fact, this may be the most important project result so far. In all the cities, the Mayors
joined in the initial workshops to learn about the potential for CP and to endorse its importance to
the community. This is a critically important outcome because, especially in the smaller cities, the
Mayor has great influence and authority. In the Philippines, businesses must have an annually-
renewed Mayor’s Operating Permit for their business. This is primarily to aid in tax co llection, but
in fact the Mayors have the discretion to withdraw the permit to operate if they feel it is necessary.
Of course they hardly ever do so, but business owners are quite aware of this power and therefore
are very responsive to the Mayors’ requests that they join in CP training and try applying the co n-
cepts to their own operations. Other leading city officials also joined in the workshops. As a result

the cities have very strong top- level support for CP, and they are convinced that it works because
they have made it happen in their own operations at City Hall.

The participation in the workshops has been excellent, due to this top- level support. Invitations to
the workshops came from the City Hall, and leading business owners and ma nagers and other
community leaders attended. Some of the workshops were for mixed government and industry a u-
diences; others were just for government or for industry. In all cases they resulted in a great deal of
brainstorming and problem solving. As CP experience a round the world has demonstrated, many
solutions for CP can be found when the attention of managers is directly focused on the problems.
Also, the sharing of information about common problems and solutions inspired many participants
to recognize their own opportunities for the first time.

While data is still being collected on the reductions of wastes from communities and business as a
result of the project, it is clear that it has inspired the private sector and communities to begin re-
ducing and conserving resources. In some of the cities, the top polluting companies were identified
and invited into the program, and they signed agreements with the city to initiate CP programs in
their companies. In other cities the focus has been on local communities or barangays and on
household separation of wastes. In all cases, the identification of priorities and opportunities was
done voluntarily and cooperatively, which has produced strong support for the project throughout
the communities.

Next Steps

The participating cities have initiated a wide range of projects, as outlined in the attached summa-
ries. More data on results is being collected, since measurement is a vital part of CP and has been
continually emphasized throughout the project. With the experience of applying CP successfully to
their own operations, the local governments now have the confidence and expertise to promote it
further to businesses and the community.

The LCP has decided to establish a permanent office of environmental management to continue
supporting the Clean Cities project. The next major challenge will be expanding the number of
participating cities. The circuit-rider concept for staffing has proved to be very successful and cost-
effective so far, but adding more cities requires adding more staff for the training circuit. The LCP
is considering a range of options for funding these additional staff, including subscription fees from
participating cities, corporate sponsorship and foreign donor support. The US-Asia Environmental
Partnership regards the project as a success and is planning to provide further financial support.
Most importantly, a number of other cities have observed the results to date and have asked to join
in the program.

Lessons Learned

The Clean Cities Project has revealed several lessons that are very important for organizations
seeking to promote environmentally sustainable businesses and communities:

Local governments are the best paying customer for Cleaner Production concepts. Experience has
shown that industry itself is not interested in CP because waste is not a major concern of most

managers, and they are unconcerned about environmental agencies or donor programs trying to
promote CP. But local governments are intensely interested in reducing waste volumes because it
is a major budget and political issue for them. They can apply CP to their own operations, and
most importantly, become effective promoters of it. While a local company might ignore a nation-
al environmental agency’s efforts, it is much more likely to pay attention when the Mayor invites
them to learn about CP, because the Mayor and the local government have real power to a ffect the

Cleaner Production creates many different benefits for local governments at very low costs. These
include reduced costs for solid waste disposal, and also reduced costs for water and energy sup-
plies. Because it is based on principles of better operations management, CP also improves effi-
ciency and productivity and can improve the local economy, thus increasing local revenues. Final-
ly, it is a highly participatory and partnership-based concept and is politically positive. A number
of participating Mayors in the project have said they see this as a “legacy” project that will leave
their positive mark on their cities. To obtain these benefits does not take capital investment; rather
it takes commitment and coordination and voluntary action. Thus it is unusually cost-effective.

Many communities can participate at very low cost. The project has a budget of about $60,000 to
support 12 participating cities for a full year, with an expectation of event ually saving them over a
million dollars per year in avoided waste management costs alone. Compared to many other efforts
to reduce waste and pollution, this is extraordinarily cost-effective. The secret has been the use of
city staff on loan to the project, which keeps labor costs very low. Working through a municipal
association allows many cities to participate and share experiences. In the future, the cities might
rotate the circuit-rider assignments among their staff, thus greatly increasing their own staff capac i-
ties while building the overall capacity of the project.


[1] Hoornweg, D. and L. Thomas. “What A Waste: Solid Waste Management in Asia.” Urban
and Local Government Working Paper Series #1, Washington, DC, 1999.
[2] Bartone, C.R. "Financial Management of Urban Solid Waste Services: Lessons from a Dec-
ade of World Bank Lending", World Bank Partnership in Municipal Solid Waste Management
workshop, Cairo, Egypt, April 2000.

ANGELES CITY                                                                 Project Champions
Angeles City now known as the “entertainment                          City Mayor:
city” of Central Luzon lies in the western part and                   Hon. Carmelo F. Lazatin
16 kilometers away from the provincial capital of
Pampanga.                                                             Project Implemente rs:
                                                                          1. Mayor Carmelo Lazatin
Angeles City was the formerly the home of the largest American
M ilitary Base in Asia. The City was severely affected by the US          2. Department Heads
base’s immediate pull out after the great eruption of M t. Pinatubo       3. AC Clean and Green
in 1991. Angeles City is now rising from the ashes by regaining its           Council
economic status and surpassing feats independently of the US bases,
a feat before accomplished by any city or province in the Philip-         4. Lingap Pandan
pines.                                                                    5. Pandan barangay officials
                                                                          6. Residents of Barangay
Angeles City joined the CCC Project in 2002 and expected that the
CCC Project will provide necessary technical and financial assis-             Pandan especially the
tance to the local government.                                                women
                                                                      Angeles city is located in the
CCC and priority issues of the city                                   western part of the province and
 Energy Conservation (City Halls / Barangays)                        16 kilometers away from the pro-
 Recycling
                                                                      vincial capital of Pampanga. It is
 Solid Waste Management
                                                                      bordered on the north and north-
 Advocacy on Environmental Ordinances / Laws
                                                                      east by the towns of Mabalacat
 “Economy of Garbage” (Pera sa Basura)
                                                                      and Magalang, respectively.
 Public-private partnership: cooperation of the
  Metro Angeles Chamber of Commerce & Inc.
  (MACCI), Furniture Group, Friendship Wash & Dry, Zenith Insurance Comp., TIPCO,
  Weavers Craft (AWECA Group of Companies), and MECCA


 Assessed current energy consumption to establish baseline data
 Consultative meetings with NGO’s for guidelines on energy efficiency
 Cost-sharing scheme with barangay and budget cut down
 Site visits and exchange programs for barangay
 Taped TV and radio programs for information campaigns.
 Formal Launch of CCC reaching around 60 individuals including city councilors
 Encourage schools to adopt Waste management and Conservation Programs

SPONSORED ENVIRONMENT-RELATED BILL                Angeles City has a total land area
  Allocation of budget for drainage system       of 6,432.82 hectares divided among
  Creation of new slaughterhouse that meets      its 33 barangays, with a population
   the requirements of the National Inspection    of 300,000. Similar to any town in
   Commission                                     Central Luzon, Angeles City has
                                                  two pronounced seasons: dry from
TO ESTABLISH M ATERIALS RECYCLING FACILITY        November to April and wet the rest
 ENCOURAGE SETTING UP OF Material recy-          of the year. In summer, it is very
  cling facilities                                hot due to humidity coming from
                                                  Mt. Pinatubo. During the rainy sea-
                                                  son, residents are advised to take
FUTURE PLANS                                      precautionary measures from lahar
   Cut down on the City hall’s energy consump-   flows and floods that affect the
    tion                                          lower portion of the City.
   Provide livelihood resources especially for
    women (“Pera Sa Basura”) in the Barangays
   Maintain / Improve status as Regional Clean
    & Green Champion                              For more info, contact:
                                                  Hon. Vicky Vega
                                                  Councilor, City of Angeles
                                                  Tel: (045) 893-1316
                                                  Fax: (045) 323-4105

ANTIPOLO CITY                                                      Project Champions

                                                            City Mayor:
The municipality of Antipolo was officially trans-          Hon. Angelito Gatbalayan
formed into a component city in February 1998.
                                                            Project Implementers:
Agriculture used to be the main livelihood here.                1. City government
Emerging entrepreneurs eventually spiced up the                 2. Department heads
economic diversity of Antipolo. The City has pre-               3. Private companies
served many of its green areas and has gained popu-                around the city
larity for its wide, low-lying valleys and rolling hills.

CCC and Priority issues of the City                         Antipolo City has a population
*None identified*                                           of 1,312,480. The City has a
                                                            land area of 130,383 hectares.
                                                            Antipolo City with a concerted
                                                            effort of the different sectors
ADOPTED “BASURA MO, PAMASKO KO” PROGRAM                     and organizations was able to
 Orientation training of the employees                     fulfill its listed programs and
 Partnership of women (Green Ladies Association)           activities. Great impact was
  and youth associations                                    manifested as a significant 10%
 Established livelihood projects using waste mate-         savings on electricity of the city
  rials                                                     hall and recovered 27 kilos of
                                                            waste paper for reuse.
REQUIREMENT FOR COMPANIES TO SIGN A PLEDGE ON               In addition, a pledge was signed
ENVIRONMENTAL MANANGEMENT (SOLID WASTE AND                  in order to ensure cooperation
AIR EMISSIONS)                                              of companies from different
 Identified 16 polluting industries to aim at mini-        industries for environmental
   mizing waste                                             management. This is significant
                                                            in identifying the 16 industry
SETTING UP OF ECOLOGY CENTER FOR 16 BARANG-                 pollutants in the city.
GAYS                                                                         Project Champions
                                                            The help gathered from the Ko-
 Orientations and seminars for barangays, covered          rean donor in setting up ecology
   31 out 38 barangays                                            City Mayor:
                                                            centers was likewise substantial
 Budget allocation                                               Hon. Hector Villanueva
                                                            in realizing the environmental
 Received grants from a Korean donor for a com-            responsibility of the City.
   posting machine.                                               Project Implementors:
                                                                   1. Mayor Villanueva
                                                            For more info, contact:
                                                                   2. Dr. Alfredo Maturan
                                                            Mr. Benito Balbalosa
FUTURE PLANS                                                       3. 250-19-04
                                                            Tel: (02)Radyo Natin FM (radio station)
*None identified*                                           E-mail:4. Sugar Mill industries: Central
                                                                        Azoucarera de Bais (CAB),
                                                                        United Robina Sugar Milling
                                                                        Corp. (URSMCO)
                                                                   5. Mr. Johannes Paul – German
                                                                        Development Service (GDS)
BAIS CITY                                                          6. Engr. Eric Laxina – City Plan-
                                                                        ning & Development Office
10                                                                 7. Ms. Cindy Cabio
                                                                   8. Mr. Amos Caliguid
                                                                   9. Ms. Lilibeth Cadiz
Bais is a Visayan word for an elongated, eel-like fish. But like most places in the coun-
try, whose names were the result of a language barrier, this particular aquatic species
succeeded in attaining epic prominence by a stroke of luck.

The City has a total land area of 31,690 hectares, 9,000 hectares of which is used for
sugarcane farming. More than 100,000 tons of sugar are produced annually by two sugar
mills in Bais. This makes sugar farming the primary source of livelihood among Baisa-
nons. Aquaculture ranks in second in the north and south bases. The City maintains a
population of 68,115 and has 35 barangays.

CCC and Priority Issues of the City

Bais has been very active in the CCC project, having the city mayor himself participating in the CCC workshops. Bais
City joined the Clean Cities Center (CCC) project to develop its strategies for environmental improve ment and to get
support for its other plans:

a) Reduce or prevent pollution by local industries. Training local experts within the city
   helps industry practice cleaner production in analyzing their operations and finding
   ways to lessen resource usage and waste generation profitably.

b) Recycle solid wastes or by-products and treat liquid wastes from local industries and
   communities. This can be done through technical analysis of waste sources, types,
   quantity and appropriate technologies.

c) Develop new eco-business that turns wastes into commercial by-products. This green
   market can be supported by economic and market analysis and joint ventures with
   technology providers.

The City has made a list of its priority issues:

   Enhancing strategy of treating sugarcane waste
   Enhancing solid waste management system especially in the sugar mills industry
   Utilizing organic residues from agricultural and sugar industry
   Determining environmental factors and conducting awareness campaigns
   Developing water resource management

CCC PROGRAMS AND THE ACTIVITIES DONE                              With a strong initial endorsement
                                                                  from the Mayor, the project
WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM                                          helped the city hall save its re-
 Entrepreneurship and education                                  sources, i.e. 10% savings on wa-
 Waste Management orientation seminar                            ter, 15% savings on electricity,
 Promoting 3 R’s Awareness Program (Recycle, Reuse,              and an at source reducting. Urban
  Recover)                                                        solid waste was reduced by 20%
 Strategic plan for 2001-2006 (integrated environment            through citywide solid waste
  and waste management plan)                                      management efforts.
 Two barangay material recovery centers established
                                                                  IEC on the CCC project reached
SOLID WASTE ORDINANCE BEING IMPLEMENTED                           out to five barangays and public
      Orientation seminar conducted targeting CAB,               markets, including 15 city officers
    URSMCO, representatives from medium & light indus-            and 300 vendors. IEC on solid
    try, NGOs                                                     waste management, on the other
  5 year plan developed                                          hand, reached out to 4000 indi-
                                                                  viduals from the households, city
                                                                  offices and public markets.
 Orientation held with the German Development Ser-
  vice                                                            The City of Bais also looked into
 Identified problem of air pollution coming from smoke           the possibility of using its indi-
  stacks in sugar cane manufacturing areas                        genous resources, e.g. agricultural
                                                                  wastes converted to organic ferti-
 15% savings on the generation of mutress, a waste
                                                                  lizer or used as clay lining for the
  product that can be used as fertilizer; large produc-
  tions come from two major sugar mills
                                                            For more info, contact:
                                                            Dr. Alfredo Maturan
 Consultation with DOST and MGB on the feasibility of Tel: (035) 541-5496
   using indigenous resources, e.g. clay lining for the sa- Fax: (035) 541-5001
   nitary landfill
 Executive Order issued by the city mayor
 The CCC organized a Technical Working Group to monitor implementation and

 Develop of domestic wastewater management system
 Ban open pit burning of residential waste and incinerating commercial waste
 Reduce of soil erosion through integrated wastewater management
 Improve the surface water and freshwater bodies affected by preci pitation or over-
  land flow

DAGUPAN CITY                                                                       Project Champions

The province occupies the northern portion of the                            City Mayor:
central plains of Luzon with its eastern and western                         Hon. Alipio Fernandez Jr.
pieces forming peninsulas that extend out into the
China Sea. Dagupan City is the transportation hub of                         Project Implemente rs:
                                                                             34 department heads, division head of
Pangasinan from Manila.                                                      city government and 17 managers of
                                                                             food establishment
Dagupan is rich in marine resources particularly in aquaculture, with
trade and commerce as the major economic activities. It is also the ce n-
ter for education and health services. The city has a diverse cultural
heritage being the melting pot of people from northern Luzon.

CCC and Priority Issues of the City
                                                                             Dagupan City consists of 31
   Solid waste management and waste reduction                               barangays and a population of
   Sanitary landfill                                                        130,260.
   River dredging and grove re-vegetation
   Vehicle volume reduction
   Sewerage and waste management facility

CCC PROGRAMS AND THE ACTIVITIES DONE:                                       Dagupan City became a significant
                                                                            model and a case study for neigh-
WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM                                                    boring communities and other city
 Paper use efficiency                                                      halls due to its advocacy on energy
 Waste minimization and segregation                         imple-         conservation and its program on
  mented                                                                    waste management.
 Continuing IEC
 Recycling                                                                 The city hall monitored 20% reduc-
                                                                            tion in waste and 30% reduction on
                                                                            procurement of office supplies from
                                                                            September to December.

                                                                            The Mayor organized a multi-
                                                                            sectoral participation to form a Sol-
                                                                            id Waste Management Technical
                                                                            Working Group representing 28
                                                                            barangays out of the total 31.
                                                                            Adopting the Award Program con-
                                                                            tributed well in the realization of
                                                                            the CCC program in Dagupan City.

                                                                            For more info, contact:
                                                                            Mr. Reginaldo Ubando
ENERGY/ WATER CONSERVATION ENCOURAGED IN                                    Tel: (075) 523-6785
OFFICES AND SCHOOLS                                                         Fax: (075) 522-2754
 Assessment conducted to develop baseline data                             E- mail:

 Continuing IEC
 Internal Control Unit strengthened
 Shift to environmentally sustainable products with streetlights being changed

 Sanitary Landfill
 Special training on composting for 3 barangays
 Award Program adopted


 Address the problem on sewerage and waste water treatment facilities
 Preserve natural resources such as fishponds, rivers, and mangrove system and su s-
  tainable aquifers
 Address the general traffic problem and the increasing volume of vehicles clogging
  city routes

ILOILO CITY                                                                           Project Champions
Iloilo province is the jewel of the South Orient and the origin of the local
Ilonggo’s folk, wisdom, and tradition. Iloilo City has so much to give for       City Mayor:
its people to see and appreciate. Iloilo is primarily an agricultural city.      Hon. Geronimo Treñas
The supply of rice is not only limited to the region but is also distributed
to various regions in the Philippines. Even then, Iloilo’s economy posesses
widespread reach in the commercial and industrial sectors. It is blessed         Implementers / Partners
with rich natural and aquatic resources, extending its market share both
                                                                    City Solid Waste Man-
locally and internationally. Iloilo is known as a supplier of fish for Japan’s   1.
canning industry.                                                ager
                                                              2.    City Environmental
                                                                 Management System Team
CCC and Priority Issues of the City                           3.    Chairman and members
                                                                 of Environment Commit-
Iloilo City sees the CCC project as a helpful medium for its projects. Its constituents an-
ticipate assistance in facilitating resource mobilization as well as technical assistance in
conducting capacity building activities like workshops, study tours and action learning
exercises on the environment.

The City prioritizes solid and liquid waste management issues:

 Poor IEC and advocacy initiatives on proper solid waste management, which in turn
   aggravates the amount of city garbage estimated at 228.45 tons per day
 Insufficient supply of properly designed eq uipment, facilities and other infrastruc-
   ture to support for area-based and city wide SWM

 Worsening flood conditions particularly in Jaro, Mandurriao and La Paz due to the
   constricted waterways and increased silting
 Inadequacy of structural arrangements and development programs

CCC PROGRAMS AND THE ACTIVITIES DONE                                      The CCC project reached out
WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM                                                  to 160 of 180 barangays last
  Develop an action plan                                                 September 2001. More semi-
  Encourage recycling particularly in households and among employees     nars are lined up for year 2002.
ESWM PROGRAM                                                              The 180 barangays cover the
  Orientation for the barangays                                          city land area of 41.94 sq. km.
  Training and seminar for pilot barangays, scheduled at 3 barangays     and a total population of
   per district. There are 21 pilot barangays in the 7 districts of the   365,820.

                                                                          The training seminars also
                                                                          provided the city hall em-
                                                                          ployees with the tools on re-
                                                                          source conservation. City hall
The City wants to decrease its per capital waste gen-
                                                                          garbage significantly took a
eration by at least 30% in 2006 and by 70% at the end
                                                                          drop from 11 garbage bags per
of 2010. Maximizing the existing Calajunan dumpsite
                                                                          day to only 2 bags per day.
and extending its life to at least 10 years and preserv-
ing the city’s structures and sites is also among its fu-
                                                                          Through the CCC project, the
ture plans.
                                                                          City Hall regained its positive
                                                                          image of being a clean city as
                                                                          reported by the media.

                                                                          For more info, contact:
                                                                          Ma. Cristina Octavio
                                                                          21 Democracia St.
                                                                          Jaro, Iloilo City
                                                                          Tel: (033) 337-3159
                                                                          Fax: (033) 335-0432

                                                                          Project Champions:
La Carlota City is situated at the southern Part of Negros Occi-
dental. Bacolod City borders it on the north and is also con-        City Mayor:
nected on the east by the Cities of San Carlos and Canlaon,          Hon. Luis Jalandoni III
Guimaras Strait on the west, municipalities of Valladolid and
Pulupandan on the southwest, and on the northwest by the City        CCC Implementors:
of Bago. La Carlota is primarily an agricultural city, inhabited     1. Mayor Luis Jalandoni III
mostly by people coming from different places in the island of       2. SP Members
Panay. The City has an ample source of manpower in com-              3. Kabataang Barangay
merce and industry, agriculture, and information technology.            (Youth Council)
The City’s economy is centered on the sugar industry while           4. Department Heads
medium-sized commercial establishments are concentrated in           5. SK Officers
the urban center.

CCC and Priority Issues of the City

Through the CCC Project, the City government of La Carlota
                                                                     La Carlota has a land area of 137.29
expected to learn effective strategies on waste minimization.        square kilometers and has a population
Through this, they could realize economic rewards by reducing        of 56,408.
the usage of office supplies. From a macro perspective, La Car-
lota aims to become an environmentally sound local govern-
ment unit by implementing a pollution prevention program.

(a) Inefficient dispersion of office supplies
(b) Outmoded office equipment and machineries
(c) Poor state of public health and sanitation
(d) Inefficient management of domestic waste
(e) Aimed at the control and prevention of air and water pollution

        CCC PROGRAMS AND THE ACTIVITIES DONE          The City showed a drop in actual
                                                      energy consumption of streetlights and
WASTE MINIMIZATION AND POLLUTION PREVENTION           in the city hall of about 33% from PhP
WITHIN CITY HALL AND BARANGAYS                        113,947 to PhP 77,000 since the CCC
                                                      Project started.
 Issuance of Executive Order to effect waste mi-
  nimization                                          Upon implementation of a pollution
 Orientation and training workshop                   prevention program, the City was able
 Ecological balance                                  to recycle 37.5% of its total waste.
 Waste segregation and waste management              This prevents 15 tons of waste going
 Pollution preventive methods, especially using      to the controlled dumpsite.
  the preventive maintenance in the City Hall fa-
  cilities                                            Through the channel of the barangays,
 Waste minimization program                          especially the Youth Council in the
                                                      pilot barangays, the pollution preven-
                                                      tion program disseminated to the gen-
                                                      eral public the importance of pollution
FUTURE PLANS                                          prevention. Three pilot barangays
                                                      were initially selected to explain with
The major objective of the City government of La      the methodologies of pollution preven-
Carlota is the total completion of the landfill,      tion.
where more than a half is already completed. Motor
tricycles will be eliminated, these being the major   For more info, contact:
pollutants in the urban area.                         Mr. Jose Diamante
                                                      Tel: (034) 460-2451
                                                      Fax: (034) 460-2672
                                                      E- mail:

                                                               Project Champions
                                                          City Mayor:
Considered the Industrial capital of Cebu Province,       Hon. Thadeo Ouano
Mandaue is the province’s smallest city with only
32.96 square kilometers in total land area but with a     Project Implemente rs:
relatively large population than the province’s other     *None identified*
cities. The national government has categorized Man-
daue as a highly urbanized city with economic stability
and growth.

CCC and Priority issues of the City

*No data gathered*


 Memorandum Order issued by the City Mayor designating a Recycling Officer per
  building in the city hall
 Trainings for department heads were held
 Total Quality and Environmental Management action plan was developed and imple-
 Zoning permit was issued to encourage recyclers to re-locate
 Segregation bins were donated by shipping company to use as garbage containers for
  the City hall and the barangays
 Recyclers and junk shops were linked to sources/suppliers
 Energy efficiency was promoted
 New strategy for handling special waste was developed
 The City identified 16 polluting industries

 Anti-Littering and anti vandalism strongly enforced
 Core groups of Environmental Management System working with USAEP
 Close monitoring of fuel consumption by LGU vehicles
 Medical Waste Thermal Plant to open in 2002

 Other environment laws being enforced

ENVIRONMENTAL WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM                     M andaue City has a total population of
FOR BARANGGAY LEVEL                                        300,000 and the place is strategically located
                                                           near almost all of the country’s major tourist
                                                           spots, including exotic white sandy beaches
 Nightly IEC at barangays and household                   and islets famous for scuba diving.
 4 model barangays selected and trained
                                                           For more info, contact:
ENVIRONMENT PROGRAM TO CLUSTER FAMILIES                    Mr. Serafin Blanco
 Assigned one Environmental Officer per cluster           Tel: (032) 345-2035
 Environment Officer to coordinate various pro-           Fax: (032) 346-0784
  grams and projects within these clusters                 Email:
 Benchmarking (values per project and while
  project is being implemented)

 Negotiating common wastewater treatment plant

*None identified*

                                                                                Project Champions
NAGA CITY                                                             City Mayor:
                                                                      Hon. Sulpicio S. Roco Jr.
Naga is said to have been named after the Bicolano                    Project Implementors
word naga for narra trees or, as some believed, for                   1.     Mayor Sulpicio Roco
wild ducks that were then both in abundance. Na-                      2.     Mr. Simeon Adan – Chairman,
ga City, in the province of Camarines Sur is sur-                         Sangguniang Panlungsod
rounded by rich agricultural plains, forest reserves,                 3.     Naga City Solid Waste Mgt.
and fishing products.                                                     Board
Knowledge to be gained through the CCC was
greatly anticipated by the citizens of Naga City.                     The City wants to make progress through
                                                                      their tourism project, to increase more
CCC and priority issues of the city                                   opportunities that will engage to livelih-
 Putting up a controlled dumpsite                                    ood program, peace and order and tech-
 Environmental project: “Naga Cares”                                 nology transfer (unique quality of life).
 Issues in housing                                                   The land area of the city is about 84.48
 Anti-drug campaign                                                  sq km, has 27 barangays and a population
 Anti-smoke belching campaign                                        of 130,000.

                                                                      22 members of the Solid Waste Man-
                                                                      agement Board benefited the ESWM
SEGREGATION                                                           program including government offices
 Incentive scheme for City employees (e.g. holi-                     and NGOs: DTI, DENR, CENRO.
  day package, scholarship and trips)                                 DECS, PNP, DILG, City Planning De-
                                                                      velopment Office (CPDO), City Engi-
COUNCIL RESOLUTION PASSED MANDATING CITY                              neer’s Office, some day care centers,
EMPLOYEES TO PRACTICE ESWM                                            Knights of Rizal, and Ladies in Green
 IEC for city hall employees and junk dealers                        Foundation, Inc.
                                                                      Naga City saved 8-10% on office sup-
ENERGY AND WATER CONSERVATION BEING PRO-                              plies consumption through recycling and
MOTED                                                                 waste segregation. Waste products were
 Electric meter being installed per department                       reduced by 20% by selling plastics, car-
   to monitor energy consumption                                      tons and other recyclables to Manila.
                                                                      Presently only 10 tons of trash are
                                                                      brought to Manila every week. The City
FUTURE PLANS                                                          saved 15% of waste, lessening eyesore
                                                                      areas and reducing occurrence of diseas-
Continuously imple ment the projects. In the future, the City plans   es (e.g. colds, diphtheria, pulmonary dis-
to implement its “4 S” program: Sell Naga, Serve Naga, Share Naga     eases).
and Store Naga.
                                                                      For more info, contact:
                                                                      Ms. Erlinda Bayle
                                                                      Division Chief Socio – Cultural Mgt.
                                                                      J. Miranda Avenue, Concepcion Pe-
                                                                      kenya, Naga City
                                                                      Tel: (054) 473-0775
                                                                      Fax: (054) 811-1286
                                                                      E- mail:      21
                                                                    Project Champions
The Island Garden City of Samal (IgaCoS) is a newly
created City. Despite its youth the City has risen to       City Mayor:
prominence, even shortly before it was converted into       Hon. Rogelio P. Antalan
a city in March 1998, Its conversion owes it much to
the City’s natural endowments and vast eco-tourism          Implementers of CCC:
potentials. In fact, it has been identified as one of the    1.     Mayor Rogelio Antalan
two islands in the Philippines groomed to become the         2.     Tourism Council
tourism hubs of the future, as laid out in the Medium        3.     Multi-sectoral Commit-
Term Philippine Tourism Master Plan (MTPDP).                    tee

CCC and Priority issues of the city
 Water Systems
 Coastal Resources Management
 Housing Concern
 Revitalizing of Flora and Fauna
 Eco-Tourism as Develop Paradigm


 CCC Orientation for Vice-Mayor, Councilors, and Department Heads in August 2001
 Green building using SWOT Analysis
 Analysis / Framework
 Efficiency Advocacy
 Business Incubation (seek buyers of wastes or by-products)
 IEC – radio jingles, stickers, billboards
 Distribution of book containing environmental messages authored by the City Mayor

 Shift to sanitary landfill
 Regular tree planting
 Conducted Inter-LGU study supported by CIDA

 IEC – Cleanliness and Waste Reduction
 Four barangays out of 46 initially selected as pilot areas. Now expanded to 10 pilots
   under redemption cut
 Segregation of waste in schools

CLEANER PRODUCTION PROGRAM IN TOURISM INDUS-              The Island Garden City of Samal
TRY                                                       has a total land area of 288.44
 IEC                                                     square kilometers. The total popu-
 Tourism Council established. 17 members from            lation is 82,609.
   various sectors – (representative sits as ex-officio
   member of SWM Council); emphasize dialogue
                                                          For more info, contact:
   not command and control approaches
                                                          Mr. Cleto Bravo Gales Jr.
 CCC Orientation for tourism sector (resorts, res-
                                                          Tel: (082) 562-7037
   taurants, and transportation) last August
                                                          Fax: (082) 227-0964
 Coordinated waste collection along the coastline


The people of the Island Garden City of Samal shall work for:
 Sustainable development to market Samal Island as a garden city and a retirement
   haven known for natural healing;
 Moral and citizenship-building renewal for all sectors towards becoming a City of
 Global COOPetitiveness (competitive, yet cooperative) for its human resources;
 Good governance towards building a bankable bureaucracy;
 Optimum stakeholders’ participation towards becoming an inclusive City;
 Cultural reawakening and heritage enhancement;
 Eco-Tourism towards becoming the Eco-Adventure Capital of Southern Philippines;
 Information technology towards becoming the IT Resort Hub of the South and venue
   for premier institutions of learning; and,
 Growth with equity

SAN FERNANDO CITY                                                 Project Champions
The City of San Fernando is the melting pot of many cul-     City Mayor: Hon. Mary Jane
tures. Founded in 1759, the city is originally called Pin-   Ortega
dangan after the fish named “pindang.” It became the
capital town of the province of La Union in March 2,         Project Implementors:
1850.                                                        1.      Mayor Ortega
                                                             2.      Mr. Valmas Valdez
San Fernando City is a complete city with a nurtured         3.      Environment Council
ecosystem and tourist spots (eg. botanical gardens, his-     4.      NGO’s – Inner Wheel
torical structures) not only in the province of La Union         Club; Homeowners Na-
but also in the Northern Luzon. The City has sufficient          mamal Village Neighbor-
facilities including a local airport & seaport and schools       hood Association, Inc.
including a state university. This makes San Fernando a      5.      City Environment &
center of trade and commerce, tourism, education and             Natural Resources Officer
agriculture. Among its 59 barangays, San Fernando has            (CENRO)
21 urban barangays, 14 coastal barangays, and the rest
are rural barangays.

CCC and Priority issues of San Fernando City

San Fernando City is one of the 12 pioneer city participants who joined the Clean Cities
Center (CCC) project. The city expressed full cooperation in learning environmental
management, pollution abatement, and waste minimization. San Fernando is one of the
model cities in the Philippines, with its city Mayor committed to share experiences with
other member city participants.

San Fernando listed four areas of priority issues, namely: Energy and Resource Man-
agement, Water Pollution, Traffic Congestion and Noise Pollution, Urban Overcrowding
and Resource Depletion. The CCC project used the Cleaner P roduction (CP) system
strategy to tackle the concerns on energy, resource, and pollution issues. Significant
outcomes are evident from introducing this systems approach in the city hall, various
sub-city components or barangays, schools, public markets, and the selected industry of
the city.

The City has taken serious actions and planning for a cleaner and greener city, including
a major move to phase out 2-stroke engine tricycles (contributing to air pollution equal
to that of one car), promotion of anti-smoke belching ordinances, coastal management,
urban management, zoning ordinances, land use plans, and resource conservation
schemes within the City Hall itself.

The local government of San Fernando has also established partnerships with the private
sector, particularly the restaurant industry. Already 17 establishments are being eyed,
two of which are Oasis Country Resort and Greenwich Pizza. Further partnerships are

seen with industrial firms including Celtech, an
                                                       The CCC Project in San Fernando benefited
agri-industrial company and also those in the ware-    many constituents through its programs in
housing industry.                                      the city hall, barangays, public markets, and
                                                       selected industries. Specifically, five city
                                                       officers are set to become trainers while two
CCC PROGRAMS AND THE ACTIVITIES DONE:                  more are coming from the advisory councils.

                                                       A total of 24 urban barangays and 35 rural
                                                       barangays were introduced to the ESWM .
CITY WIDE Solid Waste Management (SWM)                 Residential subdivisions, comprised of
 Established Committee on Ecological SWM              102,559 people also learned of EWSM
                                                       through succeeding awareness seminars.
 Conducted city-wide IEC on SWM among its
   communities and several commercial estab-           The proposed model controlled dumpsite
                                                       project in San Fernando City has attracted
   lishments                                           more than 10,000 visitors who did ocular
 Conducted Clean and Green contest among              inspection and learned of proper waste man-
  schools                                              agement, both for the site itself and from
                                                       other cities’ experiences in waste manage-
 ECC for the SWM program to be endorsed by the        ment.
                                                       For more info, contact:
INDUSTRY                                               Mr. Valmar Valdez
 Established SWM Board for the city                   5200 City Hall Compound City
 Develop action plan on pollution prevention ac-      of San Fernando,
   tivities                                            La Union, Philippines
 Conducted seminars and trainings on Cleaner          Tel.: (072) 242-5601
   Production                                          Fax: (072) 888-2003
 Introduction of Polluter’s Pay Program (PPP)
   among selected industries

 Information gathering and data encoding on
  coastal management, forestry, population dy-
  namics, pollution, existing landfill & eco-tourism
 Legal studies – review of related and existing
  codes, ordinances, laws, policies
 Revisions and finalization

                                              ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM AND OFFICE
 Use of lighting fixtures
 Maintenance program of city hall facilities
 Reduced usage of office supplies (around 10% reduction)

                                                              Finance issues
                                                           Waste segregation

                                                     FUTURE PLANS FOR 2002-2003

The City aims to adapt an integrated environmental management plan, focusing on five
concerns, namely SWM, eco-tourism, coastal management, pollution prevention, and
advocacy. This plan is envisioned to reach every industry and community in the city.

TAGAYTAY CITY                                                     Project Champions
                                                         City Mayor
Tagaytay City is 40.24 square kilometers and is si-      Hon. Francis Tolentino
tuated on a highly elevated area. It is strategically
bounded by the towns of Amadeo, Mendez – Nunez           Implementers/Partners
and Alfonso (Cavite Province), Talisay and Taal (Ba-      1. Vice Mayor as TWG
tangas Province), and the Taal Lake. Taal Volcano is         Chair
known as the smallest active volcano in the world         2. Technical Working Group
and famed to be the “volcano within a lake,” the          3. City Department Heads
lake being Taal Lake. Tagaytay has a relatively low       4. Barangay officers
temperature averaging at 22.70C, low humidity at          5. DOST-ITDI Cleaner Pro-
78% average, and abundant rainfall. With its cool and        duction Technology
invigorating climate, the city attracts visitors year-       Center
round making local tourism boom.

Tagaytay City is a suburban area yet people carry out a traditional way of life
characteristic of old practices. The local economies come from agriculture, agri -
tourism, and skilled labor.

CCC and Priority Issues of the City

The City expects to increase new technologies and strategies in Environmental
Management, Pollution Prevention and Resource Conservation by addressing the
following concerns:

   Land use plan program
   Garbage collection fee imposed
   Environmental policies on segregation, disposal and cleanliness
   Greening the city

CCC PROGRAMS AND THE ACTIVITIES DONE:               Tagaytay City Hall with 600 staff now pro-
                                                    duces 25% less waste due to recycling. Im-
                                                    proved traffic flow through the city hall shut-
LAUNCHING THE CCC                                   tle bus services reduced carbon emission.
 Creation of Technical Working Group headed        PhP5,000 per month was saved, accounting
   by the Vice Mayor                                for 3% reduced paper use.
 IEC for specific groups in the barangays (e.g.
   nutrition scholars, health workers, devel-       IEC on the CCC Project made a
   opment council), schools (teachers), and a       strong impact on the community.
   religious group                                  The event attracted specific
 Multiplier effects through training the train-    groups like barangay nutrition
   ers, such as nutrition scholars to train other   scholars, health workers, devel-
   classes and teachers to their students.          opment council members and a
                                                    religious group. The city has 35
WASTE MANAGEMENT                                    barangays with a 45,287 popula-
 Segregation and recycling                         tion. CEOs and managers coming
                                                    from 25 major tourism establish-
ENERGY AND RESOURCE CONSERVATION                    ments (restaurants & hotels) at-
 Provide shuttle bus for city hall employees,      tended the workshops on Cleaner
   benefting a Total of 180 employees and 200       Production.
   high school students
                                                    For more info, contact:
ECO – TOURISM PROGRAM                               Emma Pello or Carlos Suñiga
 Orientation and training workshops on             CPDO, City Hall,
  cleaner production assessment in selected         City Centrum,
  industries serving the tourism.                   Tagaytay City
                                                    Tel: (046) 413-1679
                                                    Fax: (046) 860-0593
FUTURE PLANS                                        E- mail:

Future focus will be on eco-tourism establish-
ment through internalization of the Cleaner
Production strategies. Waste management will be targeted through an integrated
resource recovery and disposal approach. Waste minimization becomes the key
to the city’s focus on waste management.

TOLEDO CITY                                                                  Project Champions
More than a century ago, Toledo was established as                     City Mayor:
a municipality called “Hinulawan” which derived its                    Hon. Arlene Espinosa
name from the Hinulawan River running across the
municipality. One of the earliest covered histories    Project Implementors:
of Toledo through the “estadismo” of Fr. Joaquin        1.    Mayor Arlene Espi-
de Zuñiga reported that Toledo already had a set-          nosa
tled community of a little over 500 inhabitants as      2.    Vice Mayor
early as 1800. Cureently, Toledo has a total land       3.    Technical Working
area of 24,425.7 hectares, with an average popula-         Group
tion density of 620 persons per square kilometer.       4.    Committee on Health
                                                           and Sanitation
Toledo City is rich in mineral reserves making min-     5.    City Engineer
ing a primary industry. Atlas Consolidated Mining       6.    Barangay Captains
and Development Corporation (ACMDC) is one major        7.    Market Administra-
company located 15 km from the city proper. The            tors
city also produces agricultural and fish products       8.    City Environmental
that are distributed commercially. There are two           Inspectors
airstrips in Toledo City, one located at Don Andres Soriano while the other is at
                                                        9.    School officials
Barangay Sangi. Both are owned and operated by ACMDC.

CCC and Priority Issues of the City

Toledo City anticipated learning from the CCC Project and acquiring additional knowledge on waste reduc-
tion technologies, legislative strategies, and sharing experiences with other local government units.

The City experienced many challenges in its locality, and the CCC participation is
expected to help them solve part of the city’s priority issues:

   Local ordinances are insufficiently implemented vis a vis the city’s enviro n-
    mental management objectives;
   The city needs a consistent and deliberate educational campaign and imple-
    mentation programs on waste reduction;
   The city lacks financial, logistical, and technical support for a consistent i m-
    plementation of waste management program;
   Vague laws need to be consistently enforced; and
   The city needs coordination among LGU, NGO’s, and the private sector to
    successfully implement programs

CCC PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES DONE:                                                   The CCC program targeted 38
                                                                                    delegates from different local and
ENERGY CONSERVATION AND WASTE MINIMIZATION                                          national offices to participate in
 Orientation on Resource Conservation                                              the Waste Management Training.
 Anti-littering Ordinance                                                          The training reached out to 7 ba-
                                                                                    rangays and the number is conti-
IMPLEMENTING ESWM                                                                   nuously increasing. There are
 Waste Management Orientation                                                      about 50,000 people residing in
 Sanitary and Beautification Contest                                               the Poblacion area and in other
 Action plan started January 2002                                                  neighboring barangays of Tole-
 Relocation of a controlled dumpsite from the
   mined out area by ACMDC                                                          The City also used recycled ma-
 Proposed use of pyrolysis technology in waste re-                                 terials for its construction work,
   duction plant                                                                    e.g. motorpool used old galva-
 Project site approved by DENR                                                     nized steel sheets.
 Approved by the Sangguniang Panlunsod (City
   Council).                                                                        Local residents volunteered to
                                                                                    help clean schools and barangays
                                                                                    in support of the ecological solid
                                                                                    waste management program.
 Market remodeling with ESWM system
                                                                                    City is exploring private consul-
                                                                                    tation on proposed controlled
                                                                                    dumpsite and waste reduction
The City’s objective is to include the following in its sustainable environmental   plant using pyrolysis technology.
management master plan: Viable controlled dumpsite, waste minimization
equipment and technology in all barangay levels, improvement of citywide            For more info, contact:
garbage collection and disposal, inclusion/re-evaluation of recycled materials
with commercial value, formulation of additional ordinances for the protection      Mr Avelino Zambo Jr.
of the coastline and forest areas.                                                  Tel: (032) 322-5625
                                                                                    Fax: (032) 322-5122
                                                                                    E- mail: