HS Science 2010 by badlaon

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									                                                    SECONDARY EDUCATION CURRICULUM
                                                               (SCIENCE)

Program Standard: The learner demonstrates understanding of basic Science concepts and processes in an integrative way to solve
problems critically, think innovatively/creatively and make informed decisions in order to protect the environment, conserve resources and
sustain quality life.

        General Standard                         General Standard                    General Standard                          General Standard
             First Year                             Second Year                          Third Year                                Fourth Year
       Integrated Science                       Integrative Biology                Integrative Chemistry                      Integrative Physics
The      learner      demonstrates      The       learner    demonstrates    The      learner      demonstrates      The        learner    demonstrates
understanding of fundamental            understanding of basic concepts      understanding          of      basic    understanding of basic concepts
concepts and processes in,              and processes in Biology             concepts and processes in               and     processes      in   Physics
Chemistry,      Physics,      Space     deepened by other disciplines to     Chemistry deepened by other             deepened by other disciplines to
Science and Ecology in an               analyze/solve problems critically,   disciplines to analyze/solve            analyze/solve problems critically,
integrative way to analyze/solve        think innovatively/creatively, and   problems        critically,     think   think innovatively/creatively, and
problems        critically,     think   make informed decisions in           innovatively/creatively,         and    make informed decisions in order
innovatively/creatively,         and    order to protect the environment,    make informed decisions in              to protect the environment,
make informed decisions in              conserve resources and sustain       order       to      protect       the   conserve resources and sustain
order       to      protect       the   quality life.                        environment,                conserve    quality life.
environment,                conserve                                         resources and sustain quality
resources and sustain quality                                                life.
life.




                                                                                                                                                           1
General Standard: The learner demonstrates understanding of fundamental concepts and processes in Chemistry, Physics, Space Science and Ecology in an integrative way to
analyze/solve problems critically, think innovatively/creatively, and make informed decisions in order to protect the environment, conserve resources and sustain quality life.

                                                                                  Quarter 1 A – The Scientific Method
                                      Stage 1: Results/Outcomes                                                                        Stage 2: Assessment
                         Standard                                           Essential                       Product /                 Level of Understanding                      Level of
 Content                            Performance           Understanding           Question                 Performance                                                         Performance
 The learner demonstrates           Learners perform in   Scientific methods      When do scientific   Conduct of a            EXPLANATION                                Performance
 understanding of the value         groups at least one   are valuable when       methods become       teacher-guided                                                     assessment of the
 of scientific methods when         teacher-guided        internalized as a       valuable?            community-based         Synthesize how scientific knowledge is     conduct of a teacher-
 internalized as a process.         community-based       process to: a) solve                         science investigation   acquired and validated.                    guided science
                                    investigation using   problems in life; b)                         using scientific                                                   investigation based
 I. Formulating Research                                                                                                       Criteria
                                    scientific            explain natural                              method(s)                                                          on the following
 Problem
                                    method(s).            phenomena, and c)                                                    a. Thorough (explaining all needed         criteria:
 1. Definition and sources of                             develop/invent useful                                                steps of scientific methods used until
 research problem/ topic                                  products.                                                                                                       •     Community-
                                                                                                                               conclusions are reached to generate
                                                                                                                                                                          based
                                                                                                                               scientific knowledge; and explaining
 2. Selection of community-
                                                                                                                               how results of science investigations
 based research problem/ topic                                                                                                                                            •         Application of
                                                                                                                               are subjected to review and testing of
                                                                                                                                                                          scientific method(s)
 3.Main and sub-objectives of                                                                                                  other scientists)
 research problem/ topic
                                                                                                                               b. Clear (expressing with clarity the
 4. Significance of the research                                                                                               scientific thought in oral or written
 problem/ topic                                                                                                                form)
 5. Scope and limitations                                                                                                      c. Justifiable ( providing depth and
 6. Variables
                                                                                                                               breadth of scientific reasoning)

 II. Formulating Hypothesis                                                                                                    INTERPRETATION

 III. Planning the Investigation/                                                                                              Make sense of the importance of
 Research Design                                                                                                               translating the data collected through
                                                                                                                               tables and graphs while using scientific
 1.Research as a process                                                                                                       methods.
 2.Applied and basic research
                                                                                                                               Criteria



                                                                                                                                                                                                     2
                                     Stage 1: Results/Outcomes                                            Stage 2: Assessment
                        Standard                                   Essential         Product /           Level of Understanding               Level of
Content                            Performance       Understanding       Question   Performance                                             Performance
3. Experimental/Investigation                                                                     a. Meaningful ( giving brief yet
design                                                                                            substantial discussion on the
                                                                                                  importance of graphing/ tabulating data
4. Time Table
                                                                                                  while using scientific methods)
5. Materials and methods
                                                                                                  b.Illustrative (using given graphed or
IV. Conducting Actual                                                                             tabulated data to show relationships or
Experiment/ Investigation                                                                         connections between organizing or
                                                                                                  transforming raw data and the
1.Use of
                                                                                                  provision of a more compact and
laboratory apparatus                                                                              organized way based on specific
                                                                                                  purposes; how relationships or
2.Precision and accuracy                                                                          connections can be used in
                                                                                                  determining pattern and trend)
3.Proper handling and disposal
procedures                                                                                        APPLICATION
4.Notetaking and data
                                                                                                  Use scientific methods in solving
collection (using qualitative
                                                                                                  problem at home/community (eg.
and quantitative observations)
                                                                                                  increase of insect pests) considering
V. Detecting Patterns and                                                                         either economic, social, cultural or
Trends                                                                                            other factors.

1. Classification of data                                                                         Criteria

2.Use of graphs and tables                                                                        a. Appropriate (illustrating how
                                                                                                  scientific method(s) can be used/
3.Describing data                                                                                 adapted/ customized in solving
                                                                                                  problems at home or community)
4. Testing of hypothesis
                                                                                                  b.Practical (discussing how scientific
VI. Making Conclusions and
                                                                                                  methods can be done easily to solve a
Recommendations
                                                                                                  problem at home or in the community)

                                                                                                  c.Efficient (expounding how time and


                                                                                                                                                          3
                                     Stage 1: Results/Outcomes                                            Stage 2: Assessment
                        Standard                                   Essential         Product /           Level of Understanding                  Level of
Content                            Performance       Understanding       Question   Performance                                                Performance
VII. Abstract Writing                                                                             resources can be used productively,
                                                                                                  how safety measures can be done
VIII. Peer Review                                                                                 throughout the investigation, and how
                                                                                                  data can be recorded objectively or
                                                                                                  honestly)

                                                                                                  d.Effective (discussing how the
                                                                                                  desired/ expected results/outputs can
                                                                                                  be achieved after using scientific
                                                                                                  method/s)

                                                                                                  PERSPECTIVE

                                                                                                  Analyze how approaches/ procedures
                                                                                                  of investigations done by some
                                                                                                  scientists differ from or similar to those
                                                                                                  of others.

                                                                                                  Criteria

                                                                                                  a. Insightful (providing similarities and
                                                                                                  differences on the approaches/
                                                                                                  procedures after considering all
                                                                                                  situations/ views)

                                                                                                  b.Credible (using authoritative sources
                                                                                                  of information while expounding
                                                                                                  similarities and differences)

                                                                                                  c.Reflective of critical thinking
                                                                                                  (combining research, understanding of
                                                                                                  historical context, and balanced
                                                                                                  judgment to prove similarities and
                                                                                                  differences; becoming skeptical of
                                                                                                  another view point based on very small



                                                                                                                                                             4
                       Stage 1: Results/Outcomes                                            Stage 2: Assessment
          Standard                                   Essential         Product /           Level of Understanding                 Level of
Content              Performance       Understanding       Question   Performance                                               Performance
                                                                                    sample of data; distinguishing between
                                                                                    irrelevant and relevant or inaccurate
                                                                                    and accurate information, and
                                                                                    appropriate and inappropriate
                                                                                    analogies)

                                                                                    EMPATHY

                                                                                    Assume the role of a scientist.

                                                                                    Be open to emulate scientists the way
                                                                                    they develop their attitudes and values
                                                                                    while using scientific method/s.

                                                                                    Criteria

                                                                                    a. Perceptive (recognizing scientific
                                                                                    attitudes and values developed by
                                                                                    scientists while doing scientific
                                                                                    method/s)

                                                                                    b. Receptive (accepting readily/
                                                                                    willingly that these scientific attitudes
                                                                                    and values must be developed by
                                                                                    scientists and oneself)

                                                                                    c. Responsive (exhibiting how
                                                                                    scientists develop scientific attitudes
                                                                                    and values while using scientific
                                                                                    methods)




                                                                                                                                              5
                       Stage 1: Results/Outcomes                                            Stage 2: Assessment
          Standard                                   Essential         Product /           Level of Understanding                Level of
Content              Performance       Understanding       Question   Performance                                              Performance


                                                                                    SELF-KNOWLEDGE

                                                                                    Recognize one’s best contribution to
                                                                                    community using scientific method.

                                                                                    Criteria

                                                                                    a. Reflective(becoming aware of one’s
                                                                                    limitations in applying scientific
                                                                                    methods, and of how one’s thought is
                                                                                    influenced/ shaped by these)

                                                                                    b.Responsive (reacting positively as a
                                                                                    result of change in one’s view from
                                                                                    using scientific method/s; reacting
                                                                                    positively showing how the learner can
                                                                                    use scientific methods beneficial to the
                                                                                    community)




                                                                                                                                             6
                                                                                       Quarter IB - Matter

                                         Stage 1: Results/Outcomes                                                                           Stage 2: Assessment
                            Standard                                               Essential                       Product /                Level of Understanding                   Level of
Content                           Performance                    Understanding           Question                Performance                                                       Performance
The learner demonstrates          Learners, working in           Understanding of        How does            Manifestation of       EXPLANATION                               Performance
understanding of changes in groups, manifest                     changes in properties understanding of      understanding of                                                 assessment of the
properties of matter and their understanding of changes          of matter is important changes in           changes in             Prove that matter undergoes physical      manifestation of
benefits to one’s health and      in properties of matter and    when manifested in      properties of       properties of matter   or chemical change or both.               understanding of
the environment.                  their benefits to one’s health creating products that matter become        through creation of                                              changes in properties
                                                                                                                                    Criteria:
                                  and the environment            are significantly       beneficial?         innovative,                                                      of matter through
I .Properties and Phases of       through creating innovative, beneficial to one’s                           marketable,                                                      creation of product(s)
Matter                                                                                                                              a. Thorough ( discussing completely
                                  marketable, replicable and     health and the                              replicable and cost-   why matter undergoes physical or          based on the
1.Properties of matter (physical: cost-effective products.       environment.                                effective products     chemical change or both)                  following criteria:
extensive or intensive;                                                                                      that are beneficial
chemical)                                                                                                    to one’s health and    b.Justifiable ( providing depth and       • Innovativeness/
                                                                                                             the environment.       breadth of scientific reasoning)            creativity
2. Phases of matter (solid,                                                                                                                                                     - originality
liquid, gas and plasma)                                                                                                             c.Clear (expressing with clarity
                                                                                                                                                                                - critical thinking in
                                                                                                                                    scientific thoughts in written or oral
II. Classification of Matter                                                                                                                                                    finding ways/means
                                                                                                                                    form)
                                                                                                                                                                                to produce the
I. Substances (elements :
                                                                                                                                    INTERPRETATION                              product
metals, non-metals and
metalloids; compounds:
                                                                                                                                    Make sense of the data gathered from      • Marketability
inorganic & organic, acids,
                                                                                                                                    investigations that indicate changes in   - quality
bases and salts)
                                                                                                                                    properties of matter.
                                                                                                                                                                              - aesthetic value
2. Mixtures (homogeneous/
heterogeneous; types of                                                                                                             Criteria:
                                                                                                                                                                              - usability
mixtures (solutions,
suspensions and colloids), their                                                                                                    a. Meaningful (drawing inference or
                                                                                                                                    making justification on the data          • Replicability of the
characteristics and uses)
                                                                                                                                    presented)                                  production
III. Beneficial effects of Physical
                                                                                                                                                                                processes
                                                                                                                                    b. Illustrative (discussing accurately    - easy/simple
and Chemical Changes on
Health and the Environment                                                                                                          and comprehensively the details of        production process




                                                                                                                                                                                                       7
                     Stage 1: Results/Outcomes                                                  Stage 2: Assessment
          Standard                                       Essential         Product /           Level of Understanding                      Level of
Content        Performance                 Understanding       Question   Performance                                                    Performance
                                                                                        information)                                  - availability of
                                                                                                                                     materials
                                                                                        APPLICATION
                                                                                                                                     • Cost- effectiveness
                                                                                        Propose ways on how understanding              - quality product at
                                                                                        of changes in properties of matter can         low cost
                                                                                        be used in life.
                                                                                                                                      - availability of
                                                                                        Criteria                                     materials

                                                                                        a. Appropriate (proposing ways or            •   Manifestation of
                                                                                        approaches in regard to how the
                                                                                                                                         changes in
                                                                                        understanding of changes in properties
                                                                                        of matter can be used/adapted/                   properties of
                                                                                        customized in relation to one’s life)            matter

                                                                                        b.Practical (suggesting how these            •   Benefits to one’s
                                                                                        ways or approaches can be done                   health and the
                                                                                        easily)                                          environment

                                                                                        c.Efficient (expounding how the              - usability
                                                                                        proposed ways or approaches will
                                                                                        employ the productive use of time and        - practicality
                                                                                        resources)
                                                                                                                                     - safety in using the
                                                                                        d.Effective (achieving the desired           product
                                                                                        result in using the understanding of
                                                                                        changes in properties of matter)

                                                                                        PERSPECTIVE

                                                                                        Argue on the use of some
                                                                                        commercially        available     products
                                                                                        (fertilizers, detergents, instant noodles,
                                                                                        toothpaste, shampoos, automobiles,
                                                                                        toys with high content of lead, milk and


                                                                                                                                                             8
                     Stage 1: Results/Outcomes                                                  Stage 2: Assessment
          Standard                                       Essential         Product /           Level of Understanding                Level of
Content        Performance                 Understanding       Question   Performance                                              Performance
                                                                                        other dairy products with melamine
                                                                                        content, refrigerators , etc..) showing
                                                                                        changes in properties of matter that
                                                                                        affect health and the environment.

                                                                                        Criteria

                                                                                        a. Insightful (developing one’s
                                                                                        argument after considering all effects
                                                                                        of some commercially-available
                                                                                        products on health and the
                                                                                        environment)

                                                                                        b.Credible (citing authoritative sources
                                                                                        of information while arguing or
                                                                                        defending a point of view)

                                                                                        c.Reflective    of  critical thinking
                                                                                        (combining research, understanding of
                                                                                        historical context, and balanced
                                                                                        judgment to choose the most
                                                                                        reasonable view based on objectivity
                                                                                        and discretion to disregard personal
                                                                                        biases/ prejudices)

                                                                                        EMPATHY

                                                                                        Role play a worker’s feeling (that of a
                                                                                        farmer, fisherman, etc – depending on
                                                                                        the context of learner’s community)
                                                                                        when there is less production due to
                                                                                        some changes in properties of matter
                                                                                        that evolved in long term conduct of
                                                                                        activities (use of pesticides, rampant



                                                                                                                                                 9
                     Stage 1: Results/Outcomes                                                   Stage 2: Assessment
          Standard                                       Essential         Product /            Level of Understanding                 Level of
Content        Performance                 Understanding       Question   Performance                                                Performance
                                                                                        use of illegal fishing activities, etc).

                                                                                        Criteria

                                                                                        a. Perceptive (recognizing the
                                                                                        problem a worker faces)

                                                                                        b. Receptive (accepting readily/
                                                                                        willingly a worker’s feeling about the
                                                                                        less yield of products due to some
                                                                                        changes (changes in properties of the
                                                                                        soil, long term use of pesticides,
                                                                                        rampant use of illegal fishing activities,
                                                                                        etc…)

                                                                                        c.Sensitive (demonstrating how a
                                                                                        worker reacts to this situation)

                                                                                        SELF-KNOWLEDGE

                                                                                        Realize how understanding of changes
                                                                                        in properties of matter affects one’s
                                                                                        view on health and the environment.

                                                                                        Criteria

                                                                                        a. Reflective (becoming aware how
                                                                                        one’s view on health and the
                                                                                        environment is affected by the
                                                                                        understanding of changes in properties
                                                                                        of matter)

                                                                                        b.Responsive (reacting positively as a
                                                                                        result of redirecting/ changing one’s
                                                                                        thought or view)




                                                                                                                                                   10
                                                                                       Quarter 2A – The Laws of Motion

                                        Stage 1: Results/Outcomes                                                                            Stage 2: Assessment
                           Standard                                            Essential                       Product /                   Level of Understanding                     Level of
Content                               Performance             Understanding          Question                Performance                                                           Performance
The learner demonstrates               Learners, working      The laws of motion     In what ways are     Integration of the    EXPLANATION                                   Performance
understanding of the laws of          in pairs, integrate     are valuable when      the laws of motion   laws of motion in a                                                 assessment of
motion in relation to                 their understanding     integrated in          important?           clear, practical/     Predict when an accident is bound to          integration of the laws
observance of safety                  of the laws of          observing safety                            applicable and        happen for not considering the laws of        of motion in a guide
measures.                             motion in a clear,      measures.                                   comprehensive         motion.                                       on safety and
                                      practical/ applicable                                               guide on safety                                                     protection based on
I. Description of Motion                                                                                                        Criteria
                                      and comprehensive                                                   and protection                                                      the following criteria:
1.Distance and displacement           guide on safety                                                                           a. Accurate (using correct science
                                      and protection.                                                                           concept/s behind the cited event)                 •   Clarity
2. Speed and velocity
                                                                                                                                b.Clear (expressing with clarity
3.Uniform velocity & uniform
                                                                                                                                scientific thoughts in written / oral form)
acceleration                                                                                                                                                                      •   Practicality/
4.Free fall, projectile and                                                                                                                                                           Applicability
circular motion                                                                                                                 INTERPRETATION                                        in varied
                                                                                                                                                                                      contexts
II. Cause of Motion                                                                                                             Illustrate the laws of motion as applied
                                                                                                                                in real life situations.
1. Newton’s laws of motion
                                                                                                                                Criteria                                          •   Comprehensi
a. Force and Inertia: the first law
                                                                                                                                                                                      veness
                                                                                                                                a. Accurate (presenting true and correct
b. Force, mass, and
                                                                                                                                illustrations)
acceleration: the second law

c. Action and reaction: the third                                                                                               b.Comprehensive (presenting possible              •   Accuracy
law                                                                                                                             motion examples existing in real life)
                                                                                                                                                                                      (accurate
                                                                                                                                APPLICATION                                           integration of
2. Momentum and the laws of
                                                                                                                                                                                      the laws of
motion
                                                                                                                                Propose ways on how the laws of                       motion)



                                                                                                                                                                                                        11
                                   Stage 1: Results/Outcomes                                                   Stage 2: Assessment
                       Standard                                   Essential         Product /                Level of Understanding              Level of
Content                           Performance       Understanding       Question   Performance                                                 Performance
3. Law of universal gravitation                                                                   motion can be used in life.

III. Forces and the Laws of                                                                       Criteria
Motion
                                                                                                  a. Appropriate (citing the laws of motion
1. Mass, weight and gravity                                                                       that fits the situation / event)
2. Friction                                                                                       b. Effective (achieving the desired
                                                                                                  result)
3.Equilibrium

IV. Implications of the Laws of
                                                                                                  PERSPECTIVE
Motion on safety and protection
                                                                                                  Analyze the significance of the laws of
                                                                                                  motion in designing safety gadgets or
                                                                                                  protective devices/ gears

                                                                                                  Criteria

                                                                                                  a. Credible (citing authoritative source/s
                                                                                                  of information while arguing for or
                                                                                                  against a point of view)

                                                                                                  b.Insightful (creating one’s own view
                                                                                                  after considering all the situations)

                                                                                                  EMPATHY

                                                                                                  Assume the role of a victim of an
                                                                                                  accident due to inability to apply the
                                                                                                  laws of motion.

                                                                                                  Criteria

                                                                                                 a. Receptive (becoming ready / willing to
                                                                                                  accept that humans fail to remember to



                                                                                                                                                             12
                      Stage 1: Results/Outcomes                                                   Stage 2: Assessment
          Standard                                   Essential         Product /                Level of Understanding            Level of
Content              Performance       Understanding       Question   Performance                                               Performance
                                                                                    take precautions either due to
                                                                                    negligence or lack of knowledge)

                                                                                    b.Perceptive ( recognizing emotions of
                                                                                     others)

                                                                                    c.Responsive (exhibiting other’s feelings
                                                                                     and reciprocate it in some ways)


                                                                                     SELF-KNOWLEDGE

                                                                                     Self-assess how the laws of motion help
                                                                                     one become safety conscious

                                                                                     Criteria

                                                                                     a. Reflective (becoming aware of how
                                                                                     one’s thoughts are influenced by certain
                                                                                     factors like accidents which happen
                                                                                     because some people neglect to
                                                                                     consider the laws of motions)

                                                                                     b.Responsive (reacting positively from
                                                                                     one’s understanding of the laws of
                                                                                     motion)




                                                                                                                                              13
                                                                               Quarter 2B – Efficient Energy Transfer

                                   Stage 1: Results/Outcomes                                                                           Stage 2: Assessment
                      Standard                                           Essential                        Product /                  Level of Understanding                  Level of
Content                          Performance            Understanding          Question                 Performance                                                       Performance
The learner demonstrates         Learners, working      Advocating efficient   Why should we        Conduct of            EXPLANATION                                Performance
understanding of the             in groups, advocate    energy transfer is a   advocate for         advocacy for                                                     assessment of the
importance of advocating         efficient use of       means of using         efficient energy     efficient use of      Describe how energy is transferred         conduct of advocacy
efficient energy transfer.       energy and its         energy resources       transfer?            energy and its        efficiently in the homes, school and       activity for wise use
                                 alternative sources    wisely and its                              alternative sources   workplace                                  of energy and its
I. Energy Transfer               in the community       alternative sources in                      through a                                                        alternative sources in
                                                                                                                          Criteria
                                 through a              the community.                              cooperatively                                                    the community based
1. Energy – operational
                                 cooperatively                                                      planned, relevant,    a. Accurate (giving correct data /         on the following
definition, spontaneous and
                                 planned, relevant,                                                 comprehensive,          information)                             criteria:
non-spontaneous/ deliberate
                                 comprehensive,                                                     and creative or
energy transfer                                                                                                           b.Clear (expressing with clarity the       I. Cooperation
                                 accurate and                                                       innovative activity
                                 creative or                                                                                scientific thought)
2. Law of conservation of                                                                                                                                            • Teamwork
energy                           innovative activity.
                                                                                                                          c.Thorough (giving complete                  (members work
                                                                                                    .                       explanation in terms of how energy is      together; each
3. Kinetic and potential                                                                                                    transferred efficiently in two or more     member performs a
energy                                                                                                                      ways)                                      specific task)

4. Heat transfer –                                                                                                        d.Justifiable (providing depth and         • Communication
conduction, convection and                                                                                                  breadth of scientific reasoning)          (members
radiation                                                                                                                                                            communicate thought
                                                                                                                                                                     processes and
5. Work                                                                                                                   INTERPRETATION
                                                                                                                                                                     strategies by asking
                                                                                                                          Evaluate why there are different power     questions, discussing
6. Power
                                                                                                                          ratings of electrical appliances and       ideas, offering
7. Efficiency of machines                                                                                                 relate these to the efficient use of       constructive
                                                                                                                          energy                                     criticisms, and
8. Power rating of electrical                                                                                                                                        summarizing
appliances                                                                                                                Criteria                                   discoveries as a



                                                                                                                                                                                              14
                                  Stage 1: Results/Outcomes                                                  Stage 2: Assessment
                      Standard                                   Essential         Product /               Level of Understanding                    Level of
Content                          Performance       Understanding       Question   Performance                                                     Performance
9. Energy use and sources in                                                                    a. Illustrative (discussing in details how   result of the group’s
the community, country and                                                                        power ratings vary)                        effort to come up with
the world                                                                                                                                    an advocacy)
                                                                                                b.Meaningful (showing the importance
II. Human Activities that                                                                         of having different power ratings by       2. Relevance/
                                                                                                  relating these to conserving energy)
Impact on the Thermal                                                                                                                        suitability in the
Environment                                                                                     c.Accuracy (computing energy use of          context of one’s
                                                                                                  appliance/s of different power ratings)    community

                                                                                                APPLICATION                                  3.
III. Conserving Energy and                                                                                                                   Comprehensiveness
Energy Resources (energy                                                                        Propose ways to efficiently use energy
use and sources)                                                                                and its alternative sources.                 4. Innovativeness/
                                                                                                                                             Creativity in the
                                                                                                Criteria                                     design and/or
                                                                                                                                             implementation of the
                                                                                                a. Appropriate (expressing varied ways       activity
                                                                                                  how energy consumption can be
                                                                                                  minimized within one’s context or          5. With a focus on the
                                                                                                  experience)                                wise use of energy
                                                                                                                                             and its alternative
                                                                                                b.Practical (illustrating how such ways
                                                                                                  can be done easily)                        sources in the
                                                                                                                                             community
                                                                                                c.Efficient (expounding how these
                                                                                                  proposed ways can be done using
                                                                                                  time and resources productively)

                                                                                                d.Effective (presenting documents
                                                                                                showing that desired results are
                                                                                                achieved)

                                                                                                PERSPECTIVE

                                                                                                Infer how proposed ways to minimize



                                                                                                                                                                      15
                      Stage 1: Results/Outcomes                                                  Stage 2: Assessment
          Standard                                   Essential         Product /               Level of Understanding              Level of
Content              Performance       Understanding       Question   Performance                                                Performance
                                                                                    energy consumption contribute to global
                                                                                    campaign on the efficient use of energy.

                                                                                    Criteria

                                                                                    a. Credible(citing authoritative source of
                                                                                      information / data while arguing
                                                                                      for/against a view)

                                                                                    b. Reflective of critical thinking
                                                                                      (reaching the view impartially and
                                                                                      without bias by combining research,
                                                                                      understanding of historical context,
                                                                                      and having a balanced judgment)

                                                                                    c.Insightful ( creating one’s own view
                                                                                      after considering all the situations /
                                                                                      views)

                                                                                    EMPATHY

                                                                                    Assume the role of a policy maker who
                                                                                    develops measures for the efficient use
                                                                                    of alternative sources and standard
                                                                                    energy-compliant appliances/vehicles

                                                                                    Criteria

                                                                                    a. Perceptive (recognizing emotions /
                                                                                      world view of others)

                                                                                    b. Responsive (exhibiting other’s
                                                                                      feelings or worldview and able to
                                                                                      reciprocate it)




                                                                                                                                               16
                      Stage 1: Results/Outcomes                                                  Stage 2: Assessment
          Standard                                   Essential         Product /               Level of Understanding           Level of
Content              Performance       Understanding       Question   Performance                                             Performance
                                                                                    SELF-KNOWLEDGE

                                                                                    Identify one’s habits which do not
                                                                                    contribute towards efficient energy
                                                                                    transfer and be able to do concrete
                                                                                    steps to correct these.

                                                                                    Criteria

                                                                                    a. Reflective (becoming aware of how
                                                                                    one’s habits)

                                                                                    b. Responsive (reacting positively from
                                                                                    one’s understanding of efficient energy
                                                                                    transfer)




                                                                                                                                            17
                                                                                    Quarter 2C – Plate Tectonics

                                    Stage 1: Results/Outcomes                                                                            Stage 2: Assessment
                        Standard                                        Essential                          Product /                   Level of Understanding                    Level of
Content                         Performance           Understanding           Question                   Performance                                                           Performance
The learner demonstrates        Learners, working in Understanding of         What does              Informed decision      Explanation                                   Performance
understanding of managing pairs, manage the           plate tectonics helps understanding of         making on actions                                                    assessment of the
effects of events associated effects on human         us realize that we      plate tectonics tell   learners need to       Describe how plate tectonics cause            learner’s capability to
with plate tectonics.           lives and the         share the same          us?                    take to manage the     earthquakes and formation of                  make decisions
                                environment of        planet in which there                          effects on human       mountains and volcanoes.                      based on the
I. Evidence of Plate Tectonics  events associated     are many events                                lives and the                                                        following criteria:
                                                                                                                            Criteria
1.Lithosphere and
                                with plate tectonics  whose effects                                  environment of
                                through informed      should be managed                              events associated                                                    1.informed decision
asthenosphere                                                                                                               a. Thorough (explaining the science
                                decision making.      because they                                   with plate tectonics   concepts how earthquakes and                  2. Actions learners
2.Continental drift theory                            inevitably affect                                                     formation of mountains and volcanoes          need to take to
                                                      human lives and the                                                   are caused by plate tectonics)
3.Seafloor spreading                                                                                                                                                      manage the effects
                                                      environment.
                                                                                                                                                                          on human lives and
4.Relationship of laws of                                                                                                   b.Clear (expressing with clarity the
                                                                                                                                                                          the environment of
motion & energy transfer to                                                                                                 scientific thought in oral or written form)
                                                                                                                                                                          events associated
plate tectonics
                                                                                                                            c.Justifiable ( providing depth and           with plate tectonics.
II. Managing Effects of Natural                                                                                             breadth of scientific reasoning)
Phenomena associated with
Plate Tectonics                                                                                                             d. Accurate (providing correct science
                                                                                                                            concepts in explaining how
1.Earthquake
                                                                                                                            earthquakes, and formation of
a. Causes of earthquake                                                                                                     mountains and volcanoes are caused
                                                                                                                            by plate tectonics)
b. Damages caused by
earthquake on human lives                                                                                                   INTERPRETATION
and the environment.
                                                                                                                            Make sense of the connections
c. Earthquake and tsunami                                                                                                   involving recent occurrences of volcanic
                                                                                                                            eruptions, earthquakes and tsunamis
d. Management of damages
                                                                                                                            that affected countries around the
caused by earthquake




                                                                                                                                                                                                    18
                                  Stage 1: Results/Outcomes                                                   Stage 2: Assessment
                        Standard                                  Essential         Product /               Level of Understanding            Level of
Content                         Performance         Understanding       Question   Performance                                              Performance
                                                                                                 world.

2.Mountain formation                                                                             Criteria
a. Plate tectonics and                                                                           a. Meaningful (seeing the connections
formation of types of mountain                                                                   within the immediate context of the
                                                                                                 learner)
3.Volcanoes
                                                                                                 b.Illustrative (discussing in detail the
a. Types of volcanoes
                                                                                                 connections involving recent
b.Volcanic activities                                                                            occurrences of volcanic eruptions,
                                                                                                 earthquakes and tsunamis among
c.Effects of volcanic eruptions                                                                  countries)
on humans and the
environment                                                                                      APPLICATION
d.Making predictions for the                                                                     Propose implementation of safety
country in regard to volcanic
                                                                                                 measures before, during, and after the
activities
                                                                                                 occurrence of earthquakes, tsunamis
e.Monitoring and safeguards                                                                      and volcanic eruptions.
for volcanic activities
                                                                                                 Criteria

                                                                                                 a. Appropriate (providing safety
                                                                                                 measures before, during, and after the
                                                                                                 occurrence/s of these natural
                                                                                                 phenomena and telling how such
                                                                                                 measures can be used, adapted and
                                                                                                 customized in different/several
                                                                                                 situations or contexts)

                                                                                                 b.Practical (discussing how safety
                                                                                                 measures can be done easily)

                                                                                                 c.Efficient (expounding how time and
                                                                                                 resources can be used productively



                                                                                                                                                          19
                    Stage 1: Results/Outcomes                                                   Stage 2: Assessment
          Standard                                  Essential         Product /               Level of Understanding            Level of
Content           Performance         Understanding       Question   Performance                                              Performance
                                                                                   while using, adapting and customizing
                                                                                   such safety measures )

                                                                                   d.Effective(discussing how the desired/
                                                                                   expected results can be achieved after
                                                                                   using safety measures)

                                                                                   PERSPECTIVE

                                                                                   Analyze government efforts
                                                                                   (international, national and local) in
                                                                                   reducing damages of earthquakes,
                                                                                   tsunamis and volcanic eruptions
                                                                                   reasonable based on cost
                                                                                   effectiveness.

                                                                                   Criteria

                                                                                   a. Insightful (developing one’s view
                                                                                   after considering all government efforts
                                                                                   in reducing damages of earthquakes
                                                                                   and volcanic eruptions)

                                                                                   b.Credible (citing authoritative/primary
                                                                                   sources of information while arguing for
                                                                                   the reasonability of government efforts
                                                                                   in reducing damages of earthquakes
                                                                                   and volcanic eruptions based on the
                                                                                   cost effectiveness analysis)

                                                                                   c.Reflective of critical thinking
                                                                                   (combining research, understanding of
                                                                                   historical context, and balanced
                                                                                   judgment to prove the reasonable or
                                                                                   unreasonable government efforts in



                                                                                                                                            20
                    Stage 1: Results/Outcomes                                                   Stage 2: Assessment
          Standard                                  Essential         Product /               Level of Understanding           Level of
Content           Performance         Understanding       Question   Performance                                             Performance
                                                                                   reducing damages of earthquakes and
                                                                                   volcanic eruptions based on cost
                                                                                   effectiveness analysis)

                                                                                   EMPATHY

                                                                                   Imagine what other people feel and how
                                                                                   they adjust while living in areas
                                                                                   frequented by earthquakes, tsunamis or
                                                                                   volcanic eruptions.

                                                                                   Criteria

                                                                                   a. Perceptive (recognizing the effects
                                                                                   on people living in areas frequented by
                                                                                   earthquakes and volcanic eruptions)

                                                                                   c.Sensitive (exhibiting what these
                                                                                   people feel and how they adjust as a
                                                                                   result of experiencing effects of these
                                                                                   natural phenomena)

                                                                                   SELF-KNOWLEDGE

                                                                                   Self-assesses how the understanding of
                                                                                   reducing damages of earthquakes,
                                                                                   tsunamis and volcanic eruptions
                                                                                   shapes/influences one’s beliefs and
                                                                                   values on volunteerism.

                                                                                   a. Reflective (becoming aware of how
                                                                                   one’s beliefs and values on
                                                                                   volunteerism are influenced/ shaped by
                                                                                   understanding of reducing damages
                                                                                   brought about by earthquakes and



                                                                                                                                           21
                    Stage 1: Results/Outcomes                                               Stage 2: Assessment
          Standard                                  Essential         Product /           Level of Understanding             Level of
Content           Performance         Understanding       Question   Performance                                           Performance
                                                                                   volcanic eruptions)

                                                                                   b.Responsive (reacting positively/how
                                                                                   one must behave as a result of
                                                                                   changing one’s beliefs and values on
                                                                                   volunteerism)




                                                                                                                                         22
                                                                             Quarter 3A – Sun-Moon-Earth System

                                   Stage 1: Results/Outcomes                                                                          1Stage 2: Assessment
                       Standard                                        Essential                         Product /                   Level of Understanding                    Level of
Content                        Performance           Understanding           Question                 Performance                                                            Performance
The learner demonstrates        Learners, working    Understanding of        In what way is the   Informed decision       EXPLANATION                                   Performance
understanding of effects of    individually or in    the Sun-Moon-Earth understanding of          making on actions                                                     assessment of the
Sun-Moon-Earth System          groups, make          System is valuable      the Sun-Moon-        learners need to        Demonstrate how the Sun-Moon-Earth            learner’s capability to
and how these are              informed decision to when used making         Earth System         take to manage the      System causes different natural               make decisions
managed.                       manage the effects    informed decision to valuable?               effects of the Sun-     phenomena.                                    based on the
                               of the Sun-Moon-      manage its effects                           Moon-Earth                                                            following criteria:
I. Day and Night Cycle                                                                                                    Criteria
                               Earth System on       on activities                                System on
                               activities related to involving livelihood,                        activities related to                                                 1.informed decision
1.Causes of day and night                                                                                                 a. Thorough (explaining science
cycle                          livelihood, health    health and                                   livelihood, health      concepts behind each natural                  2. Actions learners
                               and transportation.   transportation.                              and transportation.     phenomenon caused by Sun-Moon-                need to take to
2. Human practices/
                                                                                                                          Earth System)                                 manage the effects
superstitious beliefs common
in the community related to the                                                                                                                                         of the Sun-Moon-
                                                                                                                          b.Clear (expressing with clarity the
phenomenon                                                                                                                                                              Earth System on
                                                                                                                          scientific thought in oral or written form)
                                                                                                                                                                        activities related to
3.Managing effects of day and                                                                                                                                           livelihood, health and
                                                                                                                          c.Justifiable ( providing depth and
night cycle on human activities
                                                                                                                          breadth of scientific reasoning)              transportation.
related to health, livelihood
and transportation
                                                                                                                          d. Accurate (providing correct science
                                                                                                                          concepts in explaining how each
                                                                                                                          phenomenon is caused by Sun-Moon-
II. Seasonal Patterns                                                                                                     Earth System)
1.Causes of seasonal patterns
                                                                                                                          INTERPRETATION
2. Human practices/
                                                                                                                          Illustrate through graphs the
superstitious beliefs common
in the community related to the
                                                                                                                          phenomena caused by the Sun-Moon-
phenomenon                                                                                                                Earth System

3. Managing effects of
seasonal patterns on human




                                                                                                                                                                                                  23
                                 Stage 1: Results/Outcomes                                                  1Stage 2: Assessment
                       Standard                                  Essential         Product /               Level of Understanding             Level of
Content                        Performance         Understanding       Question   Performance                                               Performance
activities related to health,                                                                   Criteria
livelihood and transportation
                                                                                                a. Meaningful (providing substantive
III. Phases of the moon                                                                         information of the phenomena being
                                                                                                illustrated )
1.Causes of phases of the
moon                                                                                            b. Accuracy (depicting correct data or
                                                                                                information through graphs)
2. Human practices/
superstitious beliefs common
                                                                                                APPLICATION
in the community related to the
phenomenon                                                                                      Propose ways of adopting/adapting
3.Managing effects of phases                                                                    safety measures during the occurrence
of the moon on human                                                                            of some natural phenomena caused by
activities related to health,                                                                   Sun-Moon-Earth System.
livelihood and transportation
                                                                                                Criteria
IV. Eclipses
                                                                                                a. Appropriate (providing safety
1.Causes of eclipses                                                                            measures during the occurrence/s of
                                                                                                these natural phenomena and telling
2. Human practices/                                                                             how such measures can be used,
superstitious beliefs common                                                                    adapted and customized in
in the community related to the                                                                 different/several situations or contexts)
phenomenon
                                                                                                b.Practical (discussing how safety
3. Managing effects of eclipses                                                                 measures can be done easily)
on human activities related to
health, livelihood and                                                                          c.Efficient (expounding how time and
transportation                                                                                  resources can be used productively
                                                                                                while using, adapting and customizing
V. Tides                                                                                        such safety measures)

1.Causes of tides                                                                               d.Effective (discussing how the desired/
                                                                                                expected results can be achieved after
2. Human practices/
superstitious beliefs common



                                                                                                                                                          24
                                 Stage 1: Results/Outcomes                                                  1Stage 2: Assessment
                       Standard                                  Essential         Product /               Level of Understanding             Level of
Content                        Performance         Understanding       Question   Performance                                               Performance
in the community related to the                                                                 using safety measures)
phenomenon
                                                                                                PERSPECTIVE
3. Managing effects of tides on
human activities related to                                                                     Infer on the adequacy and/or
health, livelihood and                                                                          insufficiency of evidence of
transportation                                                                                  superstitious beliefs and community
                                                                                                practices related to natural phenomena
                                                                                                caused by the Sun-Moon-Earth System.

                                                                                                Criteria

                                                                                                a. Insightful (developing one’s view
                                                                                                after considering all superstitious
                                                                                                beliefs and community practices related
                                                                                                to natural phenomena caused by the
                                                                                                Sun-Moon-Earth System)

                                                                                                b.Credible ( citing authoritative/primary
                                                                                                sources of information while arguing for
                                                                                                limited or adequate evidences of
                                                                                                superstitious beliefs and community
                                                                                                practices)

                                                                                                c.Reflective of critical thinking
                                                                                                (combining research, understanding of
                                                                                                historical context, and balanced
                                                                                                judgment to prove the limitations or
                                                                                                adequacy of evidences for superstitious
                                                                                                beliefs and community practices;
                                                                                                becoming skeptical of arguments based
                                                                                                on small samples of data, biased
                                                                                                samples or samples for which there was
                                                                                                no control sample; distinguishing
                                                                                                between irrelevant and relevant or



                                                                                                                                                          25
                    Stage 1: Results/Outcomes                                                  1Stage 2: Assessment
          Standard                                  Essential         Product /               Level of Understanding            Level of
Content           Performance         Understanding       Question   Performance                                              Performance
                                                                                   inaccurate and accurate information,
                                                                                   illogical and logical conclusions, and
                                                                                   appropriate and inappropriate
                                                                                   analogies)

                                                                                   EMPATHY

                                                                                   Relate how people living in different
                                                                                   topographical locations (highland,
                                                                                   lowland, coastal areas, riverbanks, etc)
                                                                                   might feel about being affected by the
                                                                                   Sun-Moon-Earth System.

                                                                                   Criteria

                                                                                   a. Perceptive (recognizing the effects
                                                                                   of the Sun-Moon-System methods to
                                                                                   people living in different topographical
                                                                                   locations)

                                                                                   c.Sensitive (exhibiting what these
                                                                                   people feel and how they adapt as a
                                                                                   result of the effects of the Sun-Moon-
                                                                                   Earth System they have been
                                                                                   experiencing)

                                                                                   SELF-KNOWLEDGE

                                                                                   Reflect on how the understanding of the
                                                                                   Sun-Moon-Earth System influences
                                                                                   one’s beliefs, behavior, practices and
                                                                                   way of life.

                                                                                   a. Reflective (becoming aware of how
                                                                                   one’s beliefs, behavior, practices and


                                                                                                                                            26
                    Stage 1: Results/Outcomes                                              1Stage 2: Assessment
          Standard                                  Essential         Product /           Level of Understanding             Level of
Content           Performance         Understanding       Question   Performance                                           Performance
                                                                                   way of life are influenced/ shaped by
                                                                                   the understanding of Sun-Moon-Earth
                                                                                   System)

                                                                                   b.Responsive (reacting positively/how
                                                                                   one must behave as a result of
                                                                                   changing one’s view)




                                                                                                                                         27
                                                                          Quarter 3B – Earth and Space Explorations

                                                                                                                                        Stage 2: Assessment
                                  Stage 1: Results/Outcomes
                      Standard                                         Essential                        Product /                   Level of Understanding              Level of Performance
Content                        Performance            Understanding          Question                 Performance
The learner demonstrates       Learners, working in   Earth and space        To what extent are   Conduct of an          EXPLANATION                                   Performance assessment
understanding of advocating groups, advocate          explorations lead to   earth and space      activity clearly                                                     of an advocacy activity
the use of breakthroughs /     the use of             breakthroughs/         explorations         advocating the use     Describe in your own words the                based on the following
discoveries and technologies technologies and         discoveries and        useful? Explain.     of technologies and    significance of advances in earth and         criteria:
resulting from earth and       recent discoveries/    develop                                     recent discoveries     space explorations.
space explorations.            breakthroughs          technologies, the                           or breakthroughs                                                        •   Clear advocacy on
                                                                                                                         Criteria
                               resulting from earth   use of which should                         resulting from earth                                                        the use of
I. Space-based Observations of and space              be advocated for the                        and space                                                                   technologies and
the Earth (historical                                                                                                    a. Thorough (explaining completely the
                               explorations for the   benefit of society.                         explorations for the   significance of advances in earth and                recent discoveries
development, types and uses of
                               benefit of society.                                                benefit of society     space explorations )                                 and breakthroughs
satellites in exploring mineral
                                                                                                                                                                              resulting from
deposits, weather events,
topography, etc)                                                                                                         b.Clear (expressing with clarity the                 earth and space
                                                                                                                         scientific thought in oral or written form)          explorations
II. Explorations of Earth’s
Waters (Earth as the water                                                                                               c.Justifiable (providing depth and breadth       •   Beneficial to
planet, freshwater resources,                                                                                            of scientific reasoning)                             society
ocean systems and ocean
environments)                                                                                                            INTERPRETATION

III. Earth-based and Space-                                                                                              Evaluate the advances made through
based Observations of Space                                                                                              earth and space explorations.
(historical development of
astronomy from ancient to                                                                                                Criteria
modern, technologies or tools
used to explore the space:                                                                                               a. Meaningful (giving substantial insights
telescopes, spacecrafts,                                                                                                 about earth and space explorations)
orbiters, landers, probes and
flyby; space flights and                                                                                                 b. Illustrative (discussing in detail these
challenges encountered by                                                                                                insights using varied examples; becoming
astronauts/ cosmonauts,                                                                                                  aware that there may be more than one
explorations within the Solar
                                                                                                                         way to interpret data on space


                                                                                                                                                                                               28
                                                                                                                     Stage 2: Assessment
                                     Stage 1: Results/Outcomes
                        Standard                                      Essential         Product /               Level of Understanding          Level of Performance
Content                             Performance       Understanding         Question   Performance
System, explorations outside of                                                                      explorations)
the Solar System)
                                                                                                     APPLICATION
IV. Recent Discoveries or
Breakthroughs in Earth and                                                                           Use practically the information gained
Space Explorations (latest                                                                           from space-based observations of the
information/ discoveries about                                                                       Earth.
earth and space, latest theories
developed on earth, space/                                                                           Criteria
universe, benefits of the society
from spin-offs of technologies                                                                       a. Appropriate (discussing how the
used in earth and space                                                                              information gained from spaced-based
explorations)                                                                                        observations of the earth can be used,
                                                                                                     adapted and customized daily in one’s
                                                                                                     context)

                                                                                                     b. Practical (illustrating how the use,
                                                                                                     adaptation and customization of these
                                                                                                     information can be done easily)

                                                                                                     c.Efficient (expounding how the use of
                                                                                                     these information employs the productive
                                                                                                     utilization of time and resources)

                                                                                                     d.Effective (discussing how the desired/
                                                                                                     expected results can be achieved after
                                                                                                     using the information from space-based
                                                                                                     observations of the earth)




                                                                                                     PERSPECTIVE




                                                                                                                                                                       29
                                                                                                     Stage 2: Assessment
                      Stage 1: Results/Outcomes
          Standard                                     Essential         Product /               Level of Understanding              Level of Performance
Content              Performance       Understanding         Question   Performance
                                                                                      Infer on the risks and cost effectiveness of
                                                                                      efforts done in earth and space
                                                                                      explorations.

                                                                                      Criteria

                                                                                      a. Insightful (developing one’s view after
                                                                                      considering all efforts in earth and space
                                                                                      explorations)

                                                                                      b. Credible (citing authoritative/primary
                                                                                      sources of information while arguing for
                                                                                      the reasonability of efforts in earth and
                                                                                      space explorations based on the cost
                                                                                      effectiveness analysis)

                                                                                      c.Reflective of critical thinking (combining
                                                                                      research, understanding of historical
                                                                                      context, and balanced judgment to prove
                                                                                      the reasonable or unreasonable efforts in
                                                                                      earth and space explorations based on
                                                                                      cost effectiveness analysis)

                                                                                      EMPATHY

                                                                                      Role play how oceanographers or
                                                                                      astronauts/ cosmonauts might
                                                                                      respectively feel about adjusting to
                                                                                      problems in earth or space explorations.

                                                                                      a. Perceptive (recognizing problems
                                                                                      faced by astronauts/ cosmonauts or
                                                                                      oceanographers during earth or space
                                                                                      explorations)



                                                                                                                                                            30
                                                                                                     Stage 2: Assessment
                      Stage 1: Results/Outcomes
          Standard                                     Essential         Product /               Level of Understanding            Level of Performance
Content              Performance       Understanding         Question   Performance

                                                                                      b. Receptive (accepting readily/ willingly
                                                                                      the feeling of astronauts/ cosmonauts
                                                                                      about adjusting to problems encountered
                                                                                      during earth or space explorations)

                                                                                      c. Responsive (exhibiting how
                                                                                      cosmonauts/ astronauts or
                                                                                      oceanographers feel and adjust to
                                                                                      problems encountered during earth or
                                                                                      space explorations)

                                                                                      SELF-KNOWLEDGE

                                                                                      Be aware on how information from earth
                                                                                      and space explorations help one become
                                                                                      more objective and appreciative of the
                                                                                      wonders of nature.

                                                                                      Criteria

                                                                                      a. Reflective (becoming aware that
                                                                                      information from earth and space
                                                                                      explorations make one objective and
                                                                                      appreciative of wonders of nature)

                                                                                      b.Responsive (reacting positively as a
                                                                                      result of having information from earth
                                                                                      and space explorations changed one’s
                                                                                      view)




                                                                                                                                                          31
                                                                             Quarter 4 – Humans as Stewards of Our Finite Earth

                                        Stage 1: Results/Outcomes                                                                              Stage 2: Assessment
                           Standard                                             Essential                   Product /                     Level of Understanding                Level of Performance
Content                               Performance             Understanding           Question             Performance
The learner demonstrates              Learners, working in    Humans, as               Why are humans                          EXPLANATION                                   Performance assessment of
understanding of humans as            groups, contribute to   stewards of our finite stewards of our    Conserving                                                           a conduct of an
stewards of our finite earth.         conservation of         earth, are tasked to    finite earth?     resources and/or       Describe how our finite earth should be       environmental activity based
                                      resources and/or        contribute to (a)                         solving an             taken cared of.                               on the following criteria:
I. Basics of Ecology                  solution of an          conservation of                           ecological problem
                                                                                                                               Criteria                                          1. Cooperation
                                      ecological problem      resources and (b)                         existing in the
1.Basic units of ecology
(organism to biosphere                existing in the         solution of                               immediate              a. Thorough (discussing completely
                                                                                                        community through                                                    • Teamwork ( members
                                      immediate               ecological problems                                              how the earth should be taken cared of)         work together; each
2.Components of ecosystem             community through       through cooperative                       the cooperative
                                                                                                                                                                               member performs a
(ecological communities,              the cooperative         conduct of                                conduct of an          b.Justifiable ( providing depth and             specific task)
ecological habitats, ecological       conduct of an           environmental                             innovative/ creative   breadth of scientific reasoning)              • Communication
niches)                                                                                                 environmental
                                      innovative/ creative    activities or projects.                                                                                         (members communicate
                                      environmental                                                     activity or project    c.Clear (expressing with clarity scientific   thought processes and
3.Functions of ecosystem (self-
                                      activity or project.                                              (either clean-up       thoughts in written or oral form)             strategies by asking
regulating: carrying capacity,
maximum sustainable yield,                                                                              drive, eco-fun run,                                                  questions, discussing ideas,
                                                                                                        tree planting, rip-    INTERPRETATION
waste assimilative capacity,                                                                                                                                                 offering constructive
natural enemies; self-                                                                                  rapping, IGP for an                                                  criticisms, and summarizing
                                                                                                                               Evaluate how understanding of
perpetuating)                                                                                           environmental                                                        discoveries as a result of the
                                                                                                                               stewardship of the earth benefits
                                                                                                        cause, etc.)                                                         group’s involvement in an
II.Human Impact on Ecosystems                                                                                                  humans.
                                                                                                                                                                             environmental activity)
1.Altering biotic and abiotic                                                                                                  Criteria
factors
                                                                                                                               a. Meaningful (giving the importance of
2.Human contributions to                                                                                                       this understanding using one’s                    2. Innovativeness/
pollution and its impact on                                                                                                    immediate context)                                   Creativity
ecosystems (impact on the
quality of air and water, global                                                                                               b.Illustrative (discussing vividly how this       •   Active learning
warming and climate change)                                                                                                    understanding is valuable to humans)                  (group members
                                                                                                                                                                                     explore new ways or
III. Seven (7) Environmental
                                                                                                                                                                                     approaches to
Principles (nature knows best,
                                                                                                                                                                                     address an



                                                                                                                                                                                                         32
                                  Stage 1: Results/Outcomes                                                     Stage 2: Assessment
                      Standard                                   Essential         Product /               Level of Understanding           Level of Performance
Content                          Performance       Understanding       Question   Performance
all life forms are important,                                                                   APPLICATION                                     ecological problem
everything is connected to
everything else, everything                                                                     Design how resources can be                 3. Contribution to
changes, everything must go                                                                     sustained.                                      conservation of
somewhere, ours is a finite                                                                                                                     resources and/or
earth, and humans are stewards                                                                  Criteria                                        solution of an
of nature)
                                                                                                                                                ecological problem
                                                                                                a. Appropriate (discussing specific
                                                                                                resources to be sustained)                      existing in the
                                                                                                                                                immediate
                                                                                                b.Practical (illustrating how the design        community
                                                                                                can be done easily)

                                                                                                c.Efficient (expounding how the use of
                                                                                                these key concepts will result to
                                                                                                utilizing time and needed materials/
                                                                                                equipment productively)

                                                                                                d.Effective (discussing how the desired/
                                                                                                expected results-eg.sustaining
                                                                                                resources, can be achieved after using
                                                                                                important concepts of ecology)

                                                                                                PERSPECTIVE

                                                                                                Argue on “thinking globally and acting
                                                                                                locally” to protect ecosystems.

                                                                                                Criteria

                                                                                                a. Insightful ( developing one’s own
                                                                                                view after exhausting all views about
                                                                                                “thinking globally and acting locally”)

                                                                                                b.Credible ( citing authoritative sources
                                                                                                of information while arguing or



                                                                                                                                                                     33
                      Stage 1: Results/Outcomes                                                     Stage 2: Assessment
          Standard                                   Essential         Product /               Level of Understanding            Level of Performance
Content              Performance       Understanding       Question   Performance
                                                                                    defending one’s view)

                                                                                    c.Reflective of critical thinking
                                                                                    (combining research, understanding of
                                                                                    historical context, and balanced
                                                                                    judgment to choose the most
                                                                                    reasonable view; distinguishing
                                                                                    between irrelevant and relevant or
                                                                                    inaccurate and accurate information,
                                                                                    logical and illogical conclusions, and
                                                                                    appropriate and inappropriate
                                                                                    analogies)

                                                                                    EMPATHY

                                                                                    Assume the role of an environmentalist
                                                                                    committed to protect the Earth.

                                                                                    Criteria

                                                                                    a. Perceptive (recognizing the task of
                                                                                    an environmentalist to the Earth)

                                                                                    b. Receptive (accepting readily/ willingly
                                                                                    that every environmentalist is tasked to
                                                                                    protect Earth)

                                                                                    c. Responsive (exhibiting the task of an
                                                                                    environmentalist to protect the
                                                                                    environment and conserve Earth’s
                                                                                    resources)




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                      Stage 1: Results/Outcomes                                                     Stage 2: Assessment
          Standard                                   Essential         Product /               Level of Understanding          Level of Performance
Content              Performance       Understanding       Question   Performance
                                                                                    SELF-KNOWLEDGE

                                                                                    Realize one’s contribution to
                                                                                    environmental protection and
                                                                                    conservation of resources.

                                                                                    Criteria

                                                                                    a. Reflective (becoming aware of one’s
                                                                                    contribution to environmental protection
                                                                                    and conservation)

                                                                                    b.Responsive (reacting positively as a
                                                                                    result of redirecting/ changing one’s
                                                                                    thought or view)




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