Document Sample
                     CONCENTRATOR PROJECT


     This document serves to inform you of progress on the environmental and social assessment for Konnoco
     (Zambia) Limited’s Konkola North Mine and Concentrator Project. It contains information on the issues
    identified during the scoping stage of the study. It also summarizes the Terms of Reference Report that was
     approved by the Environmental Council of Zambia, and includes additional information that you may be
                                                    interested in.
                                                             for the proposed project. SRK undertook a scoping
1        Introduction                                        study to identify environmental and social issues
Konnoco (Zambia) Limited (Konnoco), an                       and concerns associated with project. This
indirectly owned subsidiary of TEAL Exploration &            information was used to compile the terms of
Mining Incorporated (TEAL), proposes developing              reference (ToR) for detailed investigations required
the Konkola North Mine and Concentrator Project              to predict and manage the environmental and social
in the Chililabombwe District of the Copperbelt              risks and impacts. The ToR were submitted to the
Province of Zambia. The existing mining licence              Environmental Council of Zambia (ECZ) in
covers an area of approximately 44 square                    November 2006 and were approved in February
kilometres which includes the existing Konkola               2007.
North vertical shaft and head-gear, vent shaft and
                                                             Figure 1: Proposed project location
associated infrastructure developed by Bancroft in
the 1950s.                                                           Konkola North Mine

Konnoco is in the process of conducting a
feasibility study for re-commissioning the existing
shaft, developing a new decline shaft, a
concentrator plant and associated infrastructure
on the site.
SRK Consulting has been appointed as independent
environmental consultant to undertake an
environmental and social impact assessment (ESIA)

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Konkola North EIS: Interim Feedback Document                                                                  Page 2

                                                            was approved with minor modifications by the ECZ
2        Your    comments                           &
                                                            on 6 February 2007.
We encourage you to contact us with any queries             Figure 2: Scoping process followed
you may have about the project or the information
                                                              Identification of directly affected and other
contained in this report. The full ToR Report is also         stakeholders: Information provided by Konnoco on
available for review at the following locations:              surface & mineral rights holders; existing stakeholder
                                                              databases; social scan; satellite imagery, adverts
 Location                                  Telephone          and radio broadcasts (August 2006)
 Konkola North Mine Site Office            Jack Belmonte
                                           +260 96 995        Preliminary consultation with authorities: local
                                           757                district officials and councillors; Informed
 Chililabombwe Civic Centre                                   Environmental Council of Zambia about the project
 TEAL Office, 21 Mpezeni Ave,              +260 2 230-738     telephonically and held correspondence via e-mail
 Kitwe Central, Kitwe                                         (September/October 2006)

                                                              Media notices and announcements placed: The
                                                              Times of Zambia (14 October 2006) and The
You can also download the documents from the                  Zambian Daily Mail and The Post (16 October 2006);
SRK                 website               at                  Broadcasts on Radio Icengelo (13 to 30 October

Your input is valuable to us and we encourage you             Distribution of letters of invitation to key
                                                              stakeholders for information sharing meetings
to contact us with any queries you may have.                  (October 2006)
                 CONTACT DETAILS
     Henry Musoma (Consultation Coordinator)
                                                              Public Information Sharing Meetings and
    SRK Consulting, PO Box 21048, Kitwe, Zambia
                                                              Background Information Documents:
    Tel: +260 2 230-738/9 and Fax: +260 2 230-740
                                                              Public meetings held at the Chililabombwe Civic
                                                              Centre and the Konkola Basic School in Konkola
                                                              Mine Village (31 October 2006); Background
                                                              information documents in English were distributed to
          Donald Gibson (Project Manager)
 SRK Consulting, PO Box 55291, Northlands, South
                       Africa                                 Distribution of proceedings of information
   Tel: +27 11 441-1296 and Fax: +27 11 441-1210              sharing meetings and Bemba Background
             E-mail:                        Information Documents (November/December                     2006)

                                                              Compilation and submission of Draft Terms Of
                                                              Reference Report to ECZ for Approval (December
3        Approach to scoping                                  2006): ECZ approved the TOR with minor
                                                              modifications (February 2007)
The approach to scoping is shown in Figure 2
                                                              Distribution of Final Terms of Reference Report
                                                              to Stakeholders: including this interim feedback
3.1      Decision on ToR from ECZ                             report (March 2007)
A Terms of Reference Report outlining the
proposed assessment process and specialist studies
to be conducted was submitted to the Environmental
Council of Zambia in November 2006. The report

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4        Project description
This section provides a brief description of the proposed project activities and related infrastructure.

                 Aspect                                                  Description
    Target minerals                      Copper
    Ore body                             Shallower copper oxides and deeper sulphides hosted in the Ore Shale
                                         1 Member.
    Products                             Copper oxide and sulfide concentrates produced by the concentrator
    Mining method                        Underground mining (cut and fill and longhole open stoping) via an
                                         existing 423 metre vertical shaft and a new decline shaft.
    Tonnages                             Up to 120 000 tonnes ore per month.
    Operating period                     The mine will operate 24 hours per day for an estimated life of mine of
                                         20 years.
    Mineral processing
    Concentrator plant                   A concentrator will be located adjacent to the existing Konkola No 2
                                         Shaft complex and will include crushing, milling and flotation of the ore to
                                         produce a metal concentrate. This will be transported to a 3rd party for
                                         further processing.
    Waste disposal
    Tailings facilities                  A single tailings disposal facility will be required along with a return water
                                         dam. Approximately 50% of the Tailings will be used as backfill for the
                                         underground working.
    Waste rock                           A waste rock facility will be necessary. Initially this will be co-disposed
                                         with the tailings residue.
    Waste disposal                       A Waste Management Plan will be developed for the site to maximise
                                         opportunities for recycling and re-use. Suitable waste management
                                         facilities will be designed and sited within the concession.
    Domestic effluent                    A modular sewage treatment facility will be required for treating effluent
                                         generated by the on-site workforce.
    Other mine surface infrastructure
    Other infrastructure                 Ore stockpiles and transportation systems by conveyors
    associated with mining
    Access and haul roads                Gravel roads will be built around the site, linking with the existing main
                                         road network.
    Powerlines                           Additional power will be required for the operation. The existing
                                         powerline serving the mine will be upgraded to from 11kV to 66kV.
                                         Power will be supplied by Copperbelt Energy Corporation.
    Employment                           The mine operations will employ about 1100 people at full production.
                                         No housing will be provided on site.
    Offices, workshops                   These will be built at the plant site.

    Fuel and reagent storage             A refuelling depot will be established and reagents will be stored in the
                                         concentrator plant.

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              Aspect                                                   Description
    Water supply                         The water supply has not yet been defined. Raw water will be pumped
                                         from the Mingomba river (approximately 5 km away), and will be used
                                         for reagent make-up and process water make-up, as well as potable
                                         water. A potable water treatment facility will also be installed.

                                                               mining area near Chililabombwe and Nchanga Mine
5        Environmental & social                                located at Chingola.
         setting                                               The proposed mine site drains in a south-easterly
This section provides a brief description of the               direction towards the tributaries of the Kafue River
environmental setting, and is aimed at providing the           including the Miyanda, Kondoba, Kabamba, Kasapa
reader with an understanding of the proposed                   and Mingomba streams. The Lubengele Tailings
Konkola North Project area.                                    Dam has dammed the Mingomba stream, which
The mining licence area covers an area of                      supplies the Konkola Village. The stream is also
approximately 44 km2 and is accessed via the T3                used for fishing. Water from the other streams is
road which links Chililabombwe, approximately                  used for crop irrigation and drinking.
10km to the south, with Konkola and the DRC                    Soil fertility in the area is low due to high levels of
border.                                                        leaching and the slash and burn farming methods
The region has a mild subtropical climate with a hot           carried out, which deplete the soils of nutrients.
dry season (September to November), and a warm                 The underlying dolomites represent the major
wet season (December to April). The annual rainfall            groundwater aquifer in the region. Boreholes in the
is between 1 000 and 1 400 mm. Prevailing winds                area however source water from within the shallow
blow from the east and north east.                             saprolite, 3 to 5 metres below surface.
Land use within the mining area consists of a                  Miombo Woodland is prevalent in the north eastern
combination of subsistence cultivation, settlements            sections of the mining area. This woodland is being
(Konkola Village, PP Zambia, Kasapa, Kebumba                   rapidly cleared for cropland extension. The dambos
and Kanduba), degraded indigenous Miombo                       (wetlands) associated with watercourses on site
woodland, and mining infrastructure including the              have also been disturbed to allow for irrigation of
old Konkola North headgear and KCM’s Lubengele                 crops.
Tailings Dam.
                                                               The air quality of the area is affected by KCM’s
Konkola Village has a population of about 4 000                Konkola and Nchanga Mines, as well as at Musoshi
and consists of houses built for mineworkers as well           Mine located 5 km to the north in the DRC. The
as the growing informal settlement (PP Zambia) to              Lubengele Tailings Dam is considered to be the
the south of the village. Unemployment is estimated            most important existing source of dust in the area.
at 90%. There is a clinic, police station and school
in the village. The settlements within the mining              The Copperbelt has a rich record of archaeological
area form part of the Chililabombwe District. The              resources dating from Late Stone Age, Iron Age and
district has a population of about 67 500 The largest          metal working, to the recent past. Such artefacts do
formal employer in the area is KCM, with Konkola               occur within the mining area and surrounds. The
Mine being located immediately adjacent to the                 Namutakasha Graveyard, a burial ground used by

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the Kanduba and Kebumba communities is found                          on         the        mining         licence         area.

6        Results of scoping
6.1      Public issues and concerns
A summary of the issues and concerns raised by stakeholders during project scoping are summarised in
the table below. Detailed minutes of the public meetings have also been circulated for review.
    Summary of issues and concerns raised during public consultation and disclosure in the scoping phase
             Issue                  Issue Raised By                                Project Response
    Pollution of water          Government, Utilities         Specialist groundwater and surface water studies will be
    resources                                                 undertaken to assess pollution risks and identify alternatives
                                                              and suitable management measures.
    Waste management            Government                    Site location alternatives are to be assessed in terms of
                                                              environmental risks to ensure that impacts are minimised. A
                                                              waste management plan is to be developed.
    Air Quality
    Location of the tailings    Government, Civil             Specialist air quality assessment to be undertaken to predict
    dam and plant relative      Society, Affected             risk to air quality receptors. Alternatives and mitigation
    to Konkola Village          Communities.                  measures to be identified to ensure that risks remain within
                                                              acceptable limits.
    Relocation and loss of      Affected Communities          Aim to minimise the relocation of persons through
    livelihood                                                consideration of alternatives. Resettlement action plan to be
                                                              developed in accordance with IFC requirements.
    Implementation of a         Government                    The public consultation process will serve as an initial
    grievance mechanism                                       grievance mechanism. Konnoco will establish a grievance
                                                              mechanism to deal with comments, queries and complaints
                                                              throughout construction and operation.
    Safety and security         Business, Utilities, Civil    Community health and safety plan to be developed in
    concerns, elevated          Society                       accordance with IFC requirements.
    Importation of labour       Government, Utilities         Labour requirements to be assessed as part of the feasibility
    versus the use of local                                   study. Konnoco has committed to maximising local labour
    labour                                                    recruitment.
    Employee health and         Government,      Utilities,   Social impact assessment will assess the status of health care
    safety, HIV/AIDS, and       Affected     Communities,     facilities. Konnoco to investigate health care requirements and
    provision of health         Civil Society.                alternatives as part of feasibility assessment.
    care facilities
    Fair treatment of           Government,    Affected       Project will adhere to TEAL and ARM policies on treatment of
    contract workers            Communities.                  labour.
    Use of casual labour        Affected Communities          Employment strategies are to be investigated as part of the
                                                              feasibility study.
    Cracking of houses          Affected Communities          Specialist opinion to be obtained to assess the risks to houses
    due to blasting                                           in Konkola Village.
    Provision of housing        Government, Utilities.        Housing alternatives to be investigated as part of feasibility
    and associated                                            study.
    Control of unplanned        Government                    Influx of job seekers is an inevitable consequence of mining
    developments                                              developments. Measures to control unplanned developments
                                                              to be addressed in environmental management plan.
    Use of trees for tailings   Government                    Rehabilitation plan to be developed as part of EMP.
    stability and to improve

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   Summary of issues and concerns raised during public consultation and disclosure in the scoping phase
            Issue                  Issue Raised By                                  Project Response
   ECZ involvement             Government                    ECZ will be kept informed through all stages of the study.
   Need for community          Government                    Mine Community Forum to be established to facilitated regular
   awareness                                                 communication with local communities.
   Community                   Government                    Feedback will be given to community on decision on ToR
   participation                                             Report. Findings of specialist studies will be communicated.
   throughout the                                            Community Forum to be established to allow for ongoing and
   programme                                                 regular communication throughout the project.

6.2      Anticipated risks and impacts
The potential risks and impacts associated with the Project are summarised in the table below. Comments on
how each risk and impact is being addressed are also given.

  Summary of potential risks/impacts associated with the Konkola North Mine and Concentrator
               Risk/Impact                             Risk/Impact Source                     Comment/Further Work
  Change in the natural topography             Development of tailings dam, waste       Backfilling requirements to be
                                               rock dump, shafts, plant and             determined and extent of tailings
                                               infrastructure.                          dam and waste rock dump to be
  Soils and land capability
  Loss of soils and soil productivity          Development of tailings dam, waste       Soil assessment to be undertaken to
                                               rock dump, concentrator plant and        assess soil fertility and land
                                               associated infrastructure, including     capability. Recommendations for soil
                                               contamination therefrom.                 conservation and management are
  Surface water
  Contamination of surface water               Point   and   diffuse   sources    of    Water balance to be developed and
  resources.                                   contaminated water released from the     discharge requirements identified.
                                               mine.                                    Risks to surface water from point and
                                                                                        diffuse sources to be assessed and
                                                                                        measures to be developed to reduce
                                                                                        risks to acceptable levels.
  Increased water supply demand.               Water    supply    for   mining   and    Water demand to be determined and
                                               processing operations.                   risk to water resources determined.
                                                                                        Alternatives to be investigated and
                                                                                        selected based on the minimisation
                                                                                        of risk to surface water resources.
  Contamination of groundwater                 Diffuse sources including tailings dam   Geochemical assessment of potential
  resources.                                   and waste rock dump.                     sources to determine risk to
                                                                                        groundwater. Mitigation measures to
                                                                                        be identified to ensure that risks
                                                                                        remain within acceptable levels.
  Depletion of groundwater resources.          Dewatering of the mine shafts            Baseline groundwater levels are to
                                                                                        be       confirmed.       Dewatering
                                                                                        requirements are to be determined
                                                                                        and the magnitude and extent of the
                                                                                        impact is to be modelled. Measures
                                                                                        to manage impacts to be identified.

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  Summary of potential risks/impacts associated with the Konkola North Mine and Concentrator
                Risk/Impact                             Risk/Impact Source                     Comment/Further Work
  Loss of terrestrial and aquatic              Site clearance for the development of     Assessment of current biodiversity
  diversity.                                   the tailings dam, waste rock dump,        status.     Sites of conservation
                                               shafts, plant and infrastructure.         importance to be identified and
                                                                                         measures to protect such areas to be
  Air quality
  Increase in ambient dust fallout levels.     Entrained dust from tailings dam,         Impact on ambient air quality to be
                                               vehicle movement and crushing.            modelled.      Measures     to be
                                                                                         implemented to reduce risk to air
                                                                                         quality receptors to acceptable
  Increase in ambient noise levels             Blasting, movement of vehicles,           Impact on    ambient noise levels to be
                                               machinery, processing and mechanical      modelled.     Where impacts on noise
                                               equipment.                                receptors     are significant suitable
                                                                                         mitigation    measures are to be
  Cultural heritage
  Loss of sites of archaeological and          Development of tailings dam, waste        Sites of importance to be located and
  cultural importance.                         rock dump, shafts, plant and              mapped. Significance of such sites
                                               associated infrastructure.                to be determined.
                                               Disturbance of cemeteries and graves.     Cemeteries and graves on the site
                                                                                         are to be located and mapped. Site
                                                                                         location alternatives to give due
                                                                                         consideration     to     such    sites.
                                                                                         Measures for the relocation of such
                                                                                         sites to be identified (in accordance
                                                                                         with Zambian law) for sites that
                                                                                         cannot be avoided.
  Visual environment
  Disturbance of natural views and             Development of tailings dam, waste        Visibility of infrastructure from the
  landscape character.                         rock dump, shafts, plant and              major lines of site to be investigated
                                               infrastructure.                           and visual impacts on the landscape
                                                                                         character to be assessed.
  Traffic congestion                           Increase in motor vehicles on access      Investigation into preferred access
                                               routes.                                   routes.
  Deterioration of road infrastructure         Increase in heavy vehicle traffic.        Assess the        impact on road
                                                                                         infrastructure and identify mitigation
                                                                                         measures to address significant
  Reduced safety of local communities.         Increase in motor vehicles including      Preferred access routes are to be
                                               heavy vehicles on access routes.          identified which minimise the safety
                                                                                         risk to local communities.
  Economic benefits                            Job creation and employment.              Benefits to be maximised by making
                                               Use of local service providers.           use of local persons where available.
  Increased demands on local services          Increased housing demand, health          Needs analysis to be undertaken.
  and facilities                               care requirements and water and
                                               sanitation requirements.
  Decrease in safety and security              Influx of job seekers and attraction of   Labour and human resources
                                               criminal element to the area.             strategy and community health and

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    Summary of potential risks/impacts associated with the Konkola North Mine and Concentrator
                Risk/Impact                             Risk/Impact Source                     Comment/Further Work
                                                                                         safety plan.
    Economic displacement (loss of             Removal of agricultural lands to allow    Selection of alternatives to minimise
    livelihoods).                              for the development of infrastructure.    displacement. Resettlement action
                                                                                         plan and compensation plan to be
                                                                                         put in place.
    Impact on health and well being of         Contamination of air quality, noise and   Implement measures to reduce risks
    local communities.                         water resources.                          to air quality, noise levels and water
                                               Increased potential for the spread of     resources to acceptable levels.
                                               HIV.                                      Community health and safety plan to
                                                                                         be developed in accordance with IFC
    Damage to property.                        Blasting resulting cracking of houses.    Baseline      assessment      to   be
                                                                                         undertaken and risk to property and
                                                                                         structures to be determined.

                                                                       •   The   National     Heritage     Conservation
7         Project planning                            and                  Commission Act (No 23 of 1989);
                                                                       •   The Occupation Health and Safety Act;
The legal, environmental and social aspects which
Konnoco needs to consider during the Konkola                           As Konnoco is a subsidiary of TEAL, TEAL’s
North Project planning and development are                             policies apply to this project. Relevant policies
indicated below.                                                       include:

                                                                       •   Sustainable Development Policy; and
7.1       Legislation and policy
          pertinent to the project                                     •   Code of Business Conduct.
Major pieces of Zambian legislation pertinent to the                   The Equator Principles and associated International
project include:                                                       Finance Corporation’s Performance Standards on
                                                                       Social and Environmental Sustainability are
•     Environmental Protection and Pollution Control
                                                                       applicable only after the Zambian EIA process is
      Act (No. 12 of 1990) and associated regulations
                                                                       complete (see section 7.4 below).
      (EIA, Water Pollution Control, Waste
      Management, Hazardous Waste Management,
                                                                       7.2      Mineral and surface rights
      Air Pollution Control);
                                                                       Konnoco owns mineral rights to the area (Large
•     Mines and Minerals Act (No. 31 of 1995);                         Scale Mining Licence 20) and the surface rights.
•     The Water Act (No. 198 of 1949) as amended;                      However, surface rights over the area proposed for
                                                                       the concentrator plant belong to the Chililabombwe
•     The Forests Act (No. 199 of 1974);                               District Council. Surface rights to this area will
•     The Public Health Act (No 295 of 1930) as                        have to be acquired before construction can begin.
                                                                       7.3      Alternatives
•     The Zambian Wildlife Act (No 12 of 1998);
                                                                       Technically and financially feasible alternatives are
                                                                       being considered for the location of infrastructure,

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technology to be used, engineering design and            7.4.1 Specialist studies
operational processes. Most of the environmental         The following specialist studies are being
and social work conducted on the engineering             undertaken to address the issues and impacts and
feasibility study has concentrated on identifying        possible mitigation measures:
alternative locations for the proposed infrastructure.
                                                         •   Archaeology and cultural heritage;
Site selection for the location of the concentrator
plant has considered the impacts of noise and dust       •   Biodiversity (terrestrial and aquatic);
on the Konkola Village. The alternatives are shown
                                                         •   Climate and air quality;
in Figure 3. For this reason the proposed site was
selected in order that there is a ridge which can act    •   Noise;
as a natural screen to wind and thus reduce the          •   Socio-economics;
potential for dust, noise and visual impacts on the
                                                         •   Soils, land capability and land use;
A site selection exercise has also been undertaken       •   Traffic;
for the tailings dam. Three alternative locations        •   Visual, landscape and aesthetics;
(Figure 3) were assessed based on economic,
                                                         •   Water management including surface and
engineering, social and environmental criteria. Site
                                                             groundwater       and geochemical waste
1 is preferred as it avoids the need for resettlement,
minimizes impacts on watercourses, minimizes
potential for dust affecting Konkola village and         •   Blasting and vibrations specialist opinion.
does not sterilize potential future ore bodies.
                                                         These studies vary in the level of detail from
The location of the waste rock dump also                 specialist opinion based on desktop review to in-
considered the prevailing wind directions and the        depth field investigations and modelling.
location of receptors.
                                                         7.4.2 Public consultation and the Mine
The team is investigating alternatives for water               Community Forum
discharge.                                               In addition to the public consultation activities to be
                                                         undertaken as part of the ESIA process (see Figure
7.4      Further environmental and                       4), Konnoco is in the process of establishing the
         social investigations                           Konkola North Mine Community Forum
This ESIA is being undertaken in accordance with         (KNMCF). The KNMCF will have representation
the Environmental Protection and Pollution Control       from various stakeholder groups including
(Environmental Impact Assessment) Regulations            Konocco, government, and community based
(No. 28 of 1997) administered by the                     organizations. This forum will enable regular and
Environmental Council of Zambia (ECZ). The study         transparent communication between the mine and
thereafter aims to conform as far as possible with       communities throughout the life of mine. It will also
the Equator Principles (July 2006), in particular the    act as a grievance mechanism, whereby community
requirements of the World Bank Group’s                   grievances will be dealt with.
International Finance Corporation (IFC). The
overall ESIA process is shown in Figure 4 below.

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                                                                        during the stakeholder meetings are being addressed
8                 Conclusion                and         way
                                                                        extensively in the specialist investigations. The
                  forward                                               environmental process will address the requirements
Economic displacement of subsistence farmers and                        of Zambian legislation to ensure that the regulators
pollution of water resources are seen as the major                      receive sufficient information to enable informed
concerns for the proposed Konkola North Project.                        decision-making.
These, along with other areas of concern raised

       Figure 4: Social and environmental impact assessment process and schedule

                                                                                             Public Consultation &
                                                                                            Identify issues, concerns

                                   SCOPING & TERMS OF REFERENCE                                 and alternatives
                                       (October – February 2006)
                                                                                             Public Consultation &
                                                                                              Feedback on Scoping
                                           SPECIALIST STUDIES
                                         (October 2006 – March 2007)
                             Several of these will continue well into 2007 to meet
                                              EPFI requirements

                                           IMPACT ASSESSMENT                                Public Consultation &
                                           & MANAGEMENT PLAN                                       Disclosure
                                            (February – April 2007)                       Written feedback on EIS and
                                                                                             request for comments

                                     SUBMIT FINAL EIS REPORT TO
                                  ENVIRONMENTAL COUNCIL OF ZAMBIA
                                              (April 2007)

                                       CONTINUATION OF SPECIALIST

                                            (Until August 2007)

                                                                                             Public Consultation &
                                           IMPACT ASSESSMENT &                                    Disclosure
                                             MANAGEMENT PLAN                                 Feedback on SEIA and
                                              (April – August 2007)                           request for comments

                                   SUBMIT FINAL SEIA and SEMS REPORT
                                         (August/September 2007)

                                                                                                                  March 2007
                        Page 11

                                                                                                                     March 2007
                                               Figure 3. Alternative sites considered for locating infrastructure
                                                                                           Alternatives locations
                                                                                           Alternatives locations
                                                                                           Alternatives locations
                                                                                           Alternatives locations
                                                                                           considered for the:
                                                                                           considered for the:
                                                                                           considered for the:
                                                                                           considered for the:
                                                                                                Concentrator plant
                                                                                               Tailings dam
                                                                                               Waste rock dump
Konkola North EIS: Interim Feedback Document
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